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prevail. (Applause. )

Chairman Higgins: We will now hear Captain Samuel
E. Perry, of Atlantic City, N. J.

CALL OF STATES — CAPTAIN SAMUEL E. PERRY, OF NEW JERSEY.

Mr. Chairman, Ladies and Gentlemen of the Convention:

Just a word to say something about New Jersey, and if I
can make myself understood with a bad throat I trust I may
say something of interest to you. New Jersey has stood for
something in that galaxy of thirteen States, lying as she does
between the great Empire State of the North, boimded on the
south by the great mineral State. Lying as we do, it became
necessary for New Jersey early in the last century to take a
step toward the improvement of waterways — the canal con-
necting New York and Philadelphia. True, you look upon
that waterway and you sec it now controlled by a monopoly,
and you see it controlled by special interests, but there was a
time when railroads did not control that canal which brought
the two great commercial centers together by a water route,
and so we feel that New Jersey taught something to the people
of an open waterway between two great commercial centers.



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SEX:OND DAY — AFTERNOON SESSION. 235

New Jersey today will soon be building and constructing a
canal, intra-coastal if you please, along its coast one hundred
and ten miles. New Jersey is entitled to some credit for
bringing together the galaxy of splendid business men brought
here from the North and the South, men who have lived
for the cause of justice that the great commercial world
shall be drawn together by the easiest and cheapest means.
an open waterway. One thing more and I will have finished.
When night was hovering through the heavens, a graceful
white bird floated through the air, gently coming down, grad-
ually, toward Mother Earth, dropped down in the little old
town of Woodbury, in Gloucester County, in New Jersey, and
there left its precious burden, a future son that made it pos-
sible for this convention to be a success — your President.
(Applause.) As I look in the horoscope and lift the veil I
can see that through that boy, through that young man, suc-
cess is already written on our banner, and that before we
again convene work in your State, Mr. Chairman (Delaware),
will already have been started. (Applause.)

Chairman Higgins: I take pleasure in presenting Dr.
Carrroll, of Maryland. (Cries of "Platform.")

CALL OF STATES — DR. CARROLL, OF MARYLAND.

Ladies and Gentlemen:

I do not know why I was brought here. I expected I might
have to speak from the floor, but not from so exalted a station
as this (the platform). What I would say is hardly worthy
this exaltation.

I esteem it, however, a great privilege, when the name of
Maryland is called, to be allowed to stand up for her; the
Commonwealth that gave me birth and has protected me.
Maryland was not only one of the thirteen of the colonies,
but was among the first to cast her lot with you when this
great movement was projected, and has been — as I think I
can say — consistently and persistently loyal and true to her
obligations from the start of this Atlantic Deeper Waterways
Association.



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236 ATLANTIC DEEPER WATERWAYS CONVENTION.

Maryland gratefully recognizes your Association; your
recognition — that is the word — your recognition of her in
coming with your convention first to Baltimore and after-
ward to other places that you have honored equally with your
visit to Baltimore. I want to say that I need nqt attempt to
show you more than to simply recite, or refer to, what Mary-
land has done in connection with other States on the Atlantic
Coast to promote the success of this movement. I need not
try to emphasize it. But what others have done, Maryland
has sought to do, and I will pledge her today to you for fealt^^
for enthusiasm, for persistent and heroic devotion to all the
movements projected by you. Gentlemen, I need not say
more; I need not say anything on the general subject. It
has already been admirably said ; nothing further needs to be
added. I congratulate the Association and you individually
of Richmond upon this entertainment, the speeches that have
been made, the outlook and the prospect of ultimate success
in the great, noble and splendid enterprise which you have
launched and sustained so nobly that you will be faithful to
the end. You have not only indicated ability, but enthusiasm
and splendid heroism, and you will win the victory and have
it written upon your banner, for which I sincerely wish and
devoutly pray. (Applause.)

Chairman Higgins: Mr. Mullen, of the Wilmington,
Delaware, Board of Trade.

CALL OF STATES — MR. WILLIAM D. MULLEN, JR., OF DELAWARE.

Mr. Chairman, Ladies and Gentlemen of the Convention:

Just why I was selected to respond to Delaware's interest
I was at a loss to know until this morning. I was told that
Delaware had thirteen representatives and the Chairman of
the delegation said: "We are, indeed, glad to see you, for
you will break the hoodoo," so I appear before you this after-
noon as a mascot. (Applause.)

Now, a few words as to Delaware's interest in the inland
waterway movement. I want to remind you of the fact that
the State of Delaware has always been interested in all move-



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SECOND DAY — AFTERNOON SESSION. 237

menls that have pertained to the interest not only of their
own community, but to the interest of the whole United
States. (Applause.) I can only remind you that Delaware
was first among the first in signing the Constitution. Dela-
ware has contributed from her resources to the government
of the United States such men as Rodney, Clayton, duPont,
Bayard, Gray, Higgins, and, not least and last, Burton and
Heald. (Applause.) I appear as a mascot! Gentlemen,
Delaware is the mascot of the inland waterways movement.
This movement was conceived in Wilmington, Del., on Janu-
ary 4, 1904; it rested with the Wilmington Board of Trade
to point out to our neighboring States the greatness of this
movement. (Applause.) Some people have said that Dela-
ware's interest has been a selfish one. If you will turn to
the map and look at Delaware and see how we are located
you will find that Delaware has least to expect. We entered
this movement because we felt as though something needed
to be done to interest the whole Atlantic seaboard in what we
believed to be one of the prime movements of the century.
I, together with my colleague here, possibly have been some-
what more largely interested in this movement than some of
the others from the fact that we were children of the canal
movement, having both been born within a stone's throw of
the Delaware and Chesapeake Canal, and naturally our in-
terest in this movement has been great.

Wilmington having, as we feel, started this movement,
wants to pledge to the inland waterways Association its sup-
port, and we can assure you that whatever are your interests
are our interests, and that you will find us responding in every
particular to everything that is done that this Association
may direct. I thank you, gentlemen. (Applause.)

Chairman Higgins: I am glad to present Mr. Pleasant
A. Stovall, of Georgia.

CALL OF STATES — MR. STOVALL, OF GEORGIA.

Mr. Chairman:

I shall not detain this convention long. I have only a
word to say, but I do want to say that the State of Georgia



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238 ATLANTIC DEEPER WATERWAYS CONVENTION.

is much interested in this work, and that the city of Savannah,
although represented by a single delegate, is certainly going
to stand with you until the end. (Applause.) I received the
appointment of all the trade bodies of Savannah, being mem-
bers of this Association, and also a commission from the
Governor of Georgia. I mention this simply, gentlemen, to
show you that the State of Georgia is vitally interested in
what you are trying to do.

I want to congratulate the delegates from Florid? ; there is
rivalry between Jacksonville and Savannah, and when I heard
the gentleman from Jacksonville get up and invite you to meet
there in 1913 I threw up my hands in horror; that is another
scoop for the city of Jacksonville. I hope you will go there,
inasmuch as he has urged the first invitation.

Just one word. Georgia's waterways extend from the city
of Savannah to the Florida coast, being protected by various
large islands fronting the ocean; that waterway is already
in existence; it does not have to be cut, only to be widened
and deepened in places. ' There are no canals necessary. Colo-
nel Kingman, one of the most practical army engineers, is
now in charge of the station, which includes the city of Savan-
nah, and from report of the army engineers it is very evident
that Colonel Kingman is familiar with the conditions, and you
may be sure that with Colonel Kingman in charge of this
work you are going to get what is coming to you and the
waterways will be developed in every possible way. (Ap-
plause.)

Before the next convention we want J. Hampton Moore to
come to Savannah one more time. He has been there several
times, and no man is capable of producing more enthusiasm
at a banquet or among business men than the President of
this Association. (Applause.) I don't like to say it to his
face, but his name is a household word in Savannah, and a
speech he delivered two years ago before the Board of Trade
is repeated there from time to time. It was an inspiration to
the people of Savannah. (Applause.)

I will not detain you longer. I want to assure you that,
although I am the lone delegate. Georgia is with you. (Ap-
plause.)



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SECOND DAY — ^AFTERNOON SESSION. 239

RESOLUTIONS OF THANKS.

Mr. Wells, of New York, then introduced the following
motion, which was carried:

Whereas, The able representatives of the press of the city of Rich-
mond have correctly and liberally reported the proceedings of this
convention; therefore, be it

Resolved, That a vote of thanks be, and is hereby, tendered to the
reporters and newspaper^ of this city as a mark of appreciation and in
recognition of their invaluable services to the cause in which we are all
enlisted.

Mr. Albrecht offered the following resolutions, which were
adopted :

Resolved, That the thanks of this Association be. and they are here-
by, tendered to the general and special committees of the citizens of
Richmond who have given of their time so generously to make this
Fourth Annual Convention of the Atlantic Deeper Waterways Asso-
ciation the great success that it has been; providing so liberally and
bounteously for the welfare and entertainment of the delegates so that
our visit to the Capital City of the Commonwealth of Virginia will
ever remain as a pleasant and cherished memory and a further evidence
of the well-deserved reputation it possesses for true Southern hospi-
tality.

Resolved, That the thanks of this Association, and of the delegates
to this convention, be. and they are hereby, extended to the delegation
from Troy, N. Y., for the delightful manner in which they have con-
tributed in music and in song to making this convention one long to be
remembered.

At the request of a large number of the ladies who have accompanied
the delegates to this convention, and on their behalf, I move that the
sincere thanks of this Association be tendered to the local committees
of ladies and gentlemen who have so untiringly devoted themselves to
the interests of the ladies who have accompanied the delegates to this
convention, in entertaining them so lavishly and splendidly in various
ways during these two days and with promise of still further enter-
tainment to-morrow, and particularly to the gracious wife of His Ex-
cellency, Wm. Hodges Mann, the Governor of the Commonwealth,
for the reception tendered the ladies this day, the entire series of
entertainments serving to more than confirm all that has been heard
and said of the hospitality of the South and particulariy of Old Vir-
ginia.

At 6.15 o'clock Chairman Higgins announced a recess until
8 o'clock.



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SECOND DAY— EVENING SESSION.



The Auditorium, Hotel Jefferson,

Richmond, Va., October 19, 1911.

The convention reassembled at 8 o'clock, Hon. John Lamb,
of Virginia, Presiding Officer.

President Moore : The hall is rapidly filling up, but I will
spar for time. Last night we were delightfully entertained
by a type of people that do not prevail north of Mason and
Dixon's line. We had the real article in black last night, so
black that when the leader of the troop was asked by one of
the company for a penny he found the purpose to be to give
it to some darkey in the North who had been discovered to
be more black than the members of the troop. (Applause.)
Look upon me, gentlemen, and then upon "my men" (point-
ing to Congressman Lamb and Mr. Freeman, both on the
platform). (Laughter.) There sits Sambo and here sits
Bones! (Laughter.) I am the ham in this sandwich.
(Laughter,) Of course, there is not much meat in the sand-
wich. (Laughter.)

Tonight we are to have one or two short talks; one is a
talk on the subject of Virginia waterways and Richmond's
peculiar interest in them, and then we are to have an address
by one of the real American heroes, the discoverer of the
North Pole. (Applause.) The Admiral is here, somewhere
about the hotel, and w^ill be with us presently to take his place
upon the platform.

The business session of this afternoon, like the business
session of this morning, was not wholly destroyed, but very
much endangered by Richmond's hospitality. Now the ladies
have returned to us and we shall have a packed house to-

241



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242 ATLANTIC DEEPER WATERWAYS CONVENTION.

night. They have a Governor in X^irginia who acknowledges
that there is one in his house whose authority is even greater
than his, and both of them devoted much of the morning to
the entertainment of a large portion of the convention, to the
utter dismay of those who were left to attend to the business ;
but then this is Richmond's way. We have promised to cor-
rect it next year, when we get beyond the borders of Rich-
mond's hospitality; we shall endeavor then to separate busi-
ness from pleasure so that the ladies who come here may be
able to be present at these enjoyable business sessions. I
know how painful this subject is to Captain Lamb (laughter),
who would like to start in as Presiding Officer, but we want
the Governor and the Mayor to know about this. (Laughter.) *
We had resolutions passed today thanking the people of Rich-
mond for our entertainment while in their midst, but those
who had been accepting entertainments were too tired to come
in and listen, and hence these expressions of esteem were lost
upon the Richmond audience. I hope this will not be un-
noticed. To the Governor of Virginia, the Mayor of Rich-
mond and to all the good citizens of Virginia we would have
it known along the borderland of the Atlantic from Maine
to Florida that we have not been unconscious of the courtesy
that has been shown us in the old Dominion State. (Ap-
plause.) You see, even the galleries are filling up rapidly.
(Laughter.)

Now, this afternoon it was impossible to finish all the
routine business. We thought we had heard from every
State, but some were taken outside and some were too em-
barrassed to let us know. We have with us the Speaker of
the House of Representatives of the State of Vermont. He
has been here for two or three days, and he has fought
through these sessiorts unheralded. He will not speak as
long as I have, but I want now to have you of Richmond,
and you of the Atlantic Coast who did not attend to your
business this afternoon listen to Hon. Frank E. Howe for
four minutes. (Applause.)



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SI'XOXn PAY — KVKNING SESSION. 243

CALL OF STATKS - MR. HOWE, OF VERMONT.

Mr. President, Ladies and Gentlemen of the Waterways
Association:

This morning there was a letter read from the (iovernor
of Vermont, expressing his regret that he could not be here
on this occasion. In that letter the Governor stated that he
Jiappened to be one of those who were down here for-ty years
ago, and the President sort of intimated, in an aside, that
possibly at that time he may have been shot at by Captain
Lamb and was a little scary about coming again. Now, I
won't give away any State secrets of the (iovernor of Ver-
mont; he was not only shot at, but they hit him twice the
same day. He still walks with a limp. But Captain Lamb
could not have kept him away if he had known of the hos-
pitality of Virginia, as I know now. (Applause.)

\^ermont is a small State, but it was the first child born
in the family, and, while it has never achieved any great
population, our resources exceed those of a good many other
States. Yesterday the gentleman from Massachusetts — Com-
modore Crane — who spoke in response to one of the addresses
of welcome, produced a sample of granite. It is very beau-
tiful and fine, but we of Vermont produce more granite than
any other State in the L'nion, and also more marble, while in
the production of slate we are only second to the State of
Pennsylvania. (Applause.)

Vermont is interested in the waterways through Lake
Champlain. We are connected with the Champlain and
Hudson Canal. We have a waterway leading into the heart
of Vermont, and we are anxious to help build the waterways.
The only object I have in speaking is to say that if the Presi-
dent of this Association, or its members, or those interested,
find that the Vermont delegation in Congress is not doing its
share, just send us word and we will jack them up in the
interest of the deeper waterways of the Atlantic Coast. I
thank you. (Applause.)

President Moore: The State of Massachusetts appointed
a commission on the problem of a waterway across the State,



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244 ATLANTIC DEEPER WATERWAYS CONVENTION.

and Mr. Skinner was a member of the commission who did
not vote with the majority. He did not get a chance to speak
on the call of States this afternoon, so we shall ask him to
speak briefly now.

CALL OF STATES — MR. SKINNER, OF MASSACHUSETTS.

Mr, President, Ladies and Gentlemen of the Convention:

I Stand here a delegate from Massachusetts, having been
appointed by its Governor. I am proud of that grand old
Commonwealth ; I am proud of what she has done in the past
and what her sons and daughters have done for this great
country of ours. I think, truly, that the other States in the
Union come to our Commonwealth and copy our banking
laws, copy our educational laws. Other States have copied
our insurance laws; they copy our labor laws and they copy
the other laws we have on our statute books.

As to waterways — I must confess that I stand before you
and must shake my head. But you gentlemen down here in
Richmond have treated us so courteously we have come to
learn something, and we want to take you for a pattern and
to imitate the people of the State of Virginia.

Our legislature is heartily in favor of this movement; so
is our Governor, and the Mayors of Brockton, Taunton, Fall
River and others are in favor of it. It was simply a matter
of misunderstanding that the Massachusetts Canal Commission
did not fully measure up to the standard. We come to help you
get your link in this inland waterway system, and I am sure you
will help Massachusetts, too. Of all the States that have the
different links, Massachusetts has the best reason for having an
inland waterway from Narragansett Bay to Boston Bay. More
ships pass Point Judith than any place in the world, except Sault
Ste Marie Canal and the Suez Canal. An average of $500,000
worth of marine property is lost between Point Judith and
Boston each year, and many lives have been lost there. I am
sure that Boston and Eastern New England could save over
$5,000,000 yearly if that link, and connecting Southern links,
were built, and yet I would like to dwell on one phase of this
question, and that is a question far ahead of the economic side



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SECOND DAY — EVENING SESSION. 245

— the humanitarian side. While we were discussing the ques-
tion in our legislature last winter several barges left your port
at Newport News for Boston in January, and, passing up the
coast, struck a northeaster; two barges foundered and the
lives of seventeen were snuffed out in a minute. You prob-
ably read the account of the disaster and you probably said,
poor fellows, and went on reading another item. But if you
could visit the homes and see the mothers and widows and
would take those heartrending affairs to yourself you would
understand. I lost a three-masted schooner off Cape Cod one
December; seven men lost their lives. The captain was a
typical down-east Yankee, and it was all I could do to write
to the widow and tell her of her loss. She had six children.
The letter I received from her in response to mine was the
most pititful letter I ever read in all my life. That is far
above the saving of dollars and cents, providing means of
transportation so that the treacherous foes to the seaman can
be avoided. When you lie in bed, snugly tucked in, and hear
the sound of the shrieking winds, just remember the boys off
Cape Cod; they are there, and they are looking and listen-
ing and trying to find some light to guide them to safety.
Some never find it ; their bones lie in the long stretch of that
inhospitable sand. The human element of it, to provide some
way so the sailors may be protected during the gales of win-
ter, by an inside passage, that is what we want, and I feel
sure that before we meet again under our noble President
we will have gotten results and the mariners will soon be able
to have protection from the wintry storms. (Applause.)

VICE-PRESIDENTS AND DELEGATES.

Mr. Burk read the list of Vice-Presidents and State dele-
gates chosen by the several State delegations:

Vice-Presidents.

Maine Charles M. Stewart

Vermont Frederick H. Babbitt

New Hampshire O. L. Frisbee

Massachusetts A. Homer Skinner

Rhode Island Lyons Delany



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246 ATLANTIC DEEPER WATERWAYS CONVENTION,

Connecticut Edward H. Warner

New York Joseph A. Goulden

Xew Jersey Fred. W. Donnelly

Pennsylvania Charles Heber Clark

Delaware Hon. Hiram R. Burton

Maryland Joseph C. Whitney

Virginia Harvey M. Dickson

Xorth Carolina D. M. Jones

South Carolina W. D. Morgan

Georgia Pleasant A. Stovall

Florida George F, Miles

Dele(;atks.

Maine

Vermont Frank E. Howe

New Hampshire

Massachusetts Frank Fessenden Crane

Rhode Island Fred. F. Halliday

Connecticut E. E. Durant

New York Wm. T, Donnelly

New Jersey William J. Bradley

Pennsylvania F*rank D. La Lanne

Delaware Hon. Wm. H. Heald

Maryland William W. Cator

Virginia * T. M. Carrington

Xorth Carolina Frank Wood

South Carolina R. G, Rhett

Georgia Joseph F. Gray

Florida Charles M. Cooper



THANKS FROM THE LADIES.

Mrs. Linthicum then offered the following resolution of
thanks, accompanying a letter addressed to President Moore,
which was adopted :

THK JEFFKRSON.
RICHMOND, V.\.

Hon. J. Uamptin Moore,

President Atlantic Deeper JWatcj-ways Association.
The ladies in attendance at the Atlantic Deeper Waterways Conven-
tion wish to express their appreciation of the beautiful entertainment
that has been planned for them and the many courtesies extended
to them during this convention. To the officers of the organization
and to the Richmond committee they tender cordial thanks and



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SECOND DAY — EVENING SESSION. 247

earnest wishes for the completion of the great work which has brought

us together.

Mrs. Frederic Schoff,
Mrs. George E. Bartol.
Mrs. Alfred D. Warner,
Mrs. Emil P. Albrecht,
Committee for the Ladies.

President Moore: It is almost impossible for those of
you who are not members of Congress to understand the
splendid good feeling that prevails among those Congressmen
who like each other. (Laughter.) Mr. Small, of North
Carolina, struck my fancy the moment I arrived, five years
ago, and I seem to have struck. his; there is no dividing line
between us. We have been one in all things save that which
might make Governor Mann the Governor of Kansas on a
Democratic ticket. (Laughter.) That feeling prevails be-
tween myself and the member from Virginia who is to pre-
side over this meeting tonight. We are both young men
(Captain Lamb and I), fighting the best we know how for
what we believe to be best for our constituents, and -as he


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