August Dupré John Louis William Thudichum.

A treatise on the origin, nature, and varieties of wine: being a complete ... online

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the department of the Gironde.

In the Dauphind, the wines of M^al, Greffieu, and Bessas,
in the Hermitage district, department of the Dr6me, belong
to this class.



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496 RED WINES OF FRANCE, [chap.



RED WINES.— SECOND CLASS.

Most of the wines of this class differ but little from those
of the first, and generally replace them in commerce ; they
are grown in eight different provinces. The wines of the
Champagne are light, fine, and delicate ; they are very
heady, but the exhilaration produced by them does not last
long, and they are mostly very wholesome. The wines of
the Lyonnais differ from those of the Dauphin^ by having
a little less body, being lighter and more fiery ; those of the
Comtat d' Avignon are fiery, fine, and agreeable ; those of
Beam full-bodied, spirituous, and astringent. The wine of
Roussillon has much colour, strength, and alcohol, but less
finesse and bouquet.

C7/^2;w/<^^^.— Verzy, Verzenay, Mailly, St. Basle, Bouzy, and
Clos de St. Thierry, department of the Marne.

Burgundy^ Beaujolais, — Vosne, Nuits, Premeau, ChamboIIe,
Volnay, Pommard, Beaune, Morey, Savigny, Meursault, and the
farm Blagny, in the department of the Cote d'Or. The Cote
des Olivottes, at Dannemoine ; the C6tes Pitoy, des Perricres,
and des Pr6aux, at Tonncrre ; Clos de la Chainette and Clos
de Migrenne, at Auxerre, department of the Yonne ; Moulin
i Vent, Thorins, and Chenas, in the Beaujolais and Macon-
nais, departments of Saone et Loire and of the Rhdne.

Datiphind. — The second qualities of the Hermitage wines
quoted in the first class.

Lyonnais, — The wines of C6te Rdtie, department of the
Rhdne.

Bordelais, — The third growths and the best of the fourth
growths of Cantenac, Margaux, St. Julien de Reignac, St.
Laurent, St. Gemme, Pauillac, and St. Estephe, department
of the Gironde.

Comtat d' Avignon. — Clos de la Nerthe, at Chiteauneuf du
Pape.

Bc^arn. — The wines of Jurah^on and Gau, department of
the Lower Pyrenees.



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XV.] THIRD CLASS, 497



RED WINES. — THIRD CLASS.

Roussillon, — Banyuls, Cosperon, Port-Vendres, and Col-
lioure, department of the Pyr^ndes Orientales.
. The growths yielded to this class by the above-mentioned
provinces produce wines which differ from those named
before, only in being less perfect.

Champagne, — The red wines of Haut Villers, Mareuil, Disy,
Pierry, fipernay, Taisy, Ludes, Chigny, Rilly, Villers Allerand,
and Cumiires, department of the Marne ; the best of the Ricey,
Balnot sur Laigne, Aviray and Bagneux la Fosse wines,
department of the Aube.

Burgundy y Beaiijolais, — Gevray, Chassagne, Aloxe, Savigny
sous Beaune, Santenay, and Chen6ve, department of the Cote
d'Or ; several growths of Tonnerre, Dannemoine and Epineuil ;
Clairion and Boivin, at Auxerre, department of the Yonne ;
Fleury, Chapelle Guinchay, and Roman^che, in the Macon-
nais and Beaujolais, departments of the Rh6ne and Saone
et Loire.

Auvergne, — The small hill of Chanturgues, near Clermont
Ferrand, department of Puy de D6me, the wines of which
have somewhat the character of those of the Bordelais which
belong to this class.

Dauphin^. — Croses, Mercurol, and Gervant, in the depart-
ment of the Dr6me.

Bordelais. — Firstly, the fourth and fifth growths of the
communes of Margaux, St. Julien de Reignac, Cantenac,
• Pauillac, St. Lambert, St. Gemme, St. Estephe in the M^doc ;
the wines of Talance, M6rignac and L^ognan, in the dis-
trict of the Graves. Secondly, the best growths of Ludon,
Labarde, Macau, Cussac, la Marque, Sousans, Arcins, Listrac,
Moulis, Poujeaux, Aversan, St. Sauveur, Cissac, Verteuil, St.
Laurent, St. Seurin de Cadourne, in the M^doc, department
of the Gironde.

Lyonnais, — V^rinay, department of the Rhdne.

Pdrigord, — Yields dry, fine, light, and spirituous wines in
the best growths of Bergerac, department of the Dordogne.

K K



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498 FRENCH RED WINES. [cHAP.

Gascony proper. — The bodied and spirituous wines of Cape
Breton, Messange, and Souston, department of the Landcs.

Languedoc. — Chusclan, Tavel, St. Geniez, Lirac, Ledenon,
St. Laurent des Arbres, and wines called Cante Perdrix, at
Beaucaire, in the department of the Gard ; Cornas and St.
Joseph, department of the Ard^che ; the first being light and
fine wines, those of Cornas full-bodied wines, and those of
St. Joseph being delicate. All are very spirituous, but have
little bouquet.

Comtat (V Avignon. — Ch^teauneuf du Pape ; Cdteau-Briilc,
at Sorgues, and the estate St. Sauveur at Aubagne, depart-
ment of Vaucluse, the wines of which are very soft and
agreeable.

Provence. — La Gaude, St. Laurent, Cagnes, St. Paul,
Villeneuve, and la Malque, department of the Van

Beam. — The second growths of Juran^on and Gan, depart-
ment of the Lower Pyrdn^cs.

Roussillon. — The second growth of Banyuls, Cosperon,
Port Vendres, and Collioure, department of the Eastern
Pyrenees, as producing very generous wines, suitable for
imparting an agreeable taste, and giving strength and body
to weaker wines.

RED WINES.— FOURTH CLASS.

Many of the wines of this class, if well kept, and allowed
to grow old in the bottle, will acquire a very agreeable taste,
and become comparable to some of the wines of the third
class. They are therefore often used as fine wines by that
section of society which ordinarily drinks very bad wine,
and, wishing to have something better on extraordinary
occasions, pays for the dearer wine in proportion to its ordi-
nary beverage.

The vineyards named in the preceding classes mostly pro-
duce a proportion of wine, which is so inferior that it must
be put into this class. Such wine is generally firmer, more
acid and coloured than the superior wine of the same class,
which enables the consumer to produce an agreeable beverage
by mixing it with a certain quantity of water.



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XV.] FOURTH CLASS. 499

Champagne. — Villedemange, Ecueil, Chamery and St.
Thierry, department of the Marne ; Aubigny and Montsau-
jeon, in that of the Haute Marne.

Lorraine. — Bar le Due, Bussy la C6te, Longeville, Savon-
ni^re, Ligny, Naives, Rosiferes, Behonne, Chardogne, Varnay
and Creue, department of the Meuse ; Scy, Jussy, St. Ruffine
and D61e, department of the Moselle, produce very good
wines.

Anjoii. — Champigny le Sec, department of the Maine ct
Loire.

Touraine. — Jou6, and Clos de St. Nicholas de Bourgueil,
department of the Indre et Loire.

Orldanais, Blaisois. — Guignes, St. Jean de Bray, St. Jean le
Blanc, St. Denis en Val, la Chapelle, St. Ay, Fourneaux,
Meun, Beaule, Beaulette, and Sandillon, department of the
Loiret ; C6te des Grouets, department of the Loir et
Cher.

Boiirgogne, Beaujolais, — Mercurey, Givry, Dijon, Monthclic,
Meursault, Fixin, Fixe, Brochon St. Martin, Rully, and Mon-
bogre, in the department of the Cote d'Or; Judas, Pied dc
Rat, Rosoir, Quetard, &c. at Auxerre, several growths of
Tonnerre, Irancy, Coulange la Vineuse, Avallon, Vdzelay,
Givry, Joigny, Pontigny, and some others in the department
of the Yonne ; Lanci6, Brouilly, Odenas, St. Lager, Jullienas,
Chiroubles, Morgon, St. Etienne la Varennes, Juillier, Emer-
inge, and Davay^ in the departments of the Sa6ne et Loire
and Rh6ne.

Franche Comt^. — Arsures, Salins, Marnoz, Aigle-Pierre, and
Arbois, department of the Jura.
Bresse, Bugey. — Seyssel, department of the Ain.
Auvergne. — Chateldon, and Ris, department of Puy dc
D6me.

Forez. — Lupp4 Chuynes, Chaveny, St. Michel, St. Pierre
de Bceuf, and Boen, department of the Loire.

Dauphind. — Saillans, Vercheny, Die, Donz^re, Roussas,
ChAteauneuf du Rh6ne, Alan, Garde Adh^mar, Montsegur,
and Mont^limart, department of the Drome ; Porte du Lyon,
Revantin, and Seyssuel, department of the Isfere.

K K 2



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500 RED WINES OF FRANCE, [chap.

Lyojinais. — Sainte Foy, les Barolles, Miliary, and Gal6e,
department of the Rhdne.

Bordelais, — Firstly, those wines of the M6doc, called ordi-
naires bourgeois and the best of those called petits vins.
Secondly, those of the first growths of the palus de Queyries,
Montferrand, and Bassens ; of the hills of St. Emilion, Canon,
and Fronsac, of the communes of Blanquefort, le Pian, and
Arsac, in the Haut M6doc ; of St. Germain, Valeyrac, Civrac,
St Bonnet, and St. Christoli, in the Bas M6doc, department
of the Gironde.

P&igord, — The cantons of Linde, Beaumont, Cun^ges,
Domme, and St. Cyprien, department of the Dordogne.

Gascony, — The best growths of Tursan, department of
the Landes.

Qtiercy, — The first vineyards of Cahors, department of Lot.

Languedoc, — Roquemaure, St. Gilles les Boucheries, and
Bagnols, department of the Gard; St. Georges d'Orques,
Verargues, St. Christol, St. Drezery, St. Geniez, and Castries,
department of I'H^rauIt; Cunac, Qiysaguet, St. Ju^ry, St.
Amarans, and Galllac, department of the Tarn ; Leucate,
Treilles, Portel, Narbonne, N^vian, Villedaigne, Mirepeisset,
Argelliers, St. Nazaire, and Ginestas, department of the Aude.

Conttat d' Avignon, — Ch4teauneuf de Gadagne and Sorgues,
department of Vaucluse.

Provence, — Les Mdes, department of the Lower Alps ; Ban-
dol, Castelet, St. Cyr and Beausset, department of the Var ;
Sdon St. Henri, S6on Ste. Andr^, St. Louis, St. Marthe,
Cuques, Chateau Gombert, St G6r6me, and Olives, depart-
ment of the Bouches du Rh6ne.

Bdarny Navarre, — Moneins, Aubcrtin, Conchez, Portet,
Aydie, Aubous, Diusse, Jadousse, Usseau, St Jean Pougd,
Pontz, and Burosse, department of the Low Pyr^n^es.

Bigorre, — Madiran, Castelnau de Riviere Basse, St. Laune,
Soublecauze, and Lascaz^res, department of the High
Pyr6n6es.

Roussillon, — Espira de la Gly, Rivesaltes, Salces, Baixas
Corneilla de la Riviere, P^zilla and Viileneuve de la Riviere,
department of the Eastern Pyrdndes.



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XV.] FIFTH CLASS, FIRST SECTION, 501

Isle of Corsica, — The best growths of Ajaccio, Sari, Peri,
Vico, Bastia, Pietra Negra, Cap-Corse, Bassanese, Mac-
caticcia, Calvi, Algajola, Callenzana, Monte Maggiore,
Corte, Tallano, Bonifacio, and Porto Vecchio.

RED WINES. — FIFTH CLASS.
All the wines which are inferior to the growths mentioned
in the preceding classes, belong to this: but there, are so
many, and their qualities so various, that in order to dis-
tinguish those which deserve preference, they must be di-
vided into two sections, the first of which will contain
the second and third qualities of ordinary wines; and the
second will comprehend the fourth quality of ordinary
wines, and the common wines.

First Section.

The second and third qualities of ordinary wines form the
great bulk of the wines in daily use throughout France. They
do not acquire the finesse or bouquet of the higher class wines,
and taste well when mixed with water.

Picardy, — Pargnan, Craonne, Craonelle, Jumigny, Vassogne,
Bellevue, Cussy, Roucy and Laon, department of the Aisne.

He de France, — Cdte des C^lestins, at Mantes sur Seine, and
the Clos d'Athis, department of Seine et Oise; C6te des
Valines, at Chartrettes, department of Seine et Marne.

Cliampagne, — ^Vertus, Avenay, Champillon, Damery, Mont-
h^lon, Mardeuil, Moussy. Vinay, Chaveau, Mancy, Chamery,
Pargny, Vanteuil, Reuil, and Fleury la Riviere, department
of the Marne ; Vaux, Riviere les Fosses, and Prauthoy, depart-
ment of the Haute Marne ; Bouilly, Laine aux Bois, Javer-
nan, Souligny, Bar sur Seine, and Bar sur Aube, department
of the Aube.

Lorraine, — Apremont, Loupmont, Woinville, Warneville,
Liouville, Vigneules, St. Julien, Champougny, Vaucouleurs,
Vignot, Sampigney, St. Mihiel, Dampcevrin, Buxiferes, Buxe-
rules, Montsec, and Hatton Chdtel, department of the Meuse ;
Thiaucourt, Pagny, Arnaville, Bayonville, Charrey, Essey,
Villers sous Pruny, and Wandelainville, department of the



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502 RED WINES OF FRANCE, [chap.

Mcurthe ; Charmes, Xaronval, and Ubexi, department of the
Vosges.

Anjoii, Maine. — Dampierre, Varrains, Chac6, St. Cyr, Brez^,
Saumur, and Neuille, department of the Maine et Loire, and
Clos des Jasniercs, department of the S.arthe.

Touraine, — Chisseaux, Civray, Croix de Bl^r6, Bl^re, Athee,
Azay sur Cher, Chenonceaux, Dierre, Epeign6, Franceuil,
Verets, St. Cyr sur Loire, St. Avertin, and Balan, department
of the Indre et Loire.

OrUmiais, — Jargeau, St. Denis de Jargeau, St. Marc, St. Gy,
and St. Priv^, department of the Loiret.

Blaisois. — Th&^e, Monthon sur Cher, Bourd, Montrichard,
Chissay, Mareuil, Pouill6, Ang6, Faverolle, St. Georges,
Lusille, Meusnes, and Chambon, departments of the Loir
et Cher.

Burgundy^ Beaitjolais. — Montagny, Chen6ve, Buxy, St.
Vallerin, and Saules, in the arrondissement of Ch^lon sur
Sa6ne ; several growths in the department of the C6te d'Or,
Cheney, Vaulich^re, Tronchoy, Molosme, Cravant, Jussy,
Vermanton, Joigny, St. Bris, Arcy sur Cure, and Pourly,
department of the Yonne ; Chassagne, Villiers, Regnier,
Lantignier, Quinci^ Marchand, Duret, les Etoux, Cercie, St.
Jean Dardiferes, Pizay, Jasseron, Vadoux, Belleville, Mont-
melas St. Forlin, Charentay, Charnay, Priss^, Vauxrenard",
St. Amour, Chevagny, Chasnes, Laines, and St. V^rand, de-
partment of Sadne et Loire, and arrondissement of Ville-
franche, department of the Rhdne.

Franche Cointd. — Clos du Chateau, at Ray, department of
the Haute Sa6ne ; Voiteur, M^netru, Blandans, Vadans, St.
Lothain, Poligny, Gdrage, and St. Laurent, department of
the Jura ; Besangon, Byans, Mouthier, Lombard, Liesle, and
Lavans, department of the Doubs.

BressCy Bugey.pays de Gex. -Seyssel, Champagne, Machurat,
Talissieux, Culoz, Anglefort, Groslee, St. Benoit, Virieux, and
Ccrvcyrieux, department of the Ain.

Poitou. — Champigny, St. Georges les Bailleraux, Coutures,
Jaulnais, and Dissais, department of the Vienne.

Berry, Nivernais, Bourbonnais. — Chavignol, and Sancerre,



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XV.] FIFTH CLASS, FIRST SECTION. 503

department of the Cher ; Garenne du Scl, department of the
AUier ; Pouilly, department of the Nievre.

Aunis, Angoumois, Saintonge, — Saintes, Chapnitires, Font-
couvcrte, Bussac, la Chapelle, St. Romain, Saujon, le Gua, St.
Julien de Lescape, Nouillers, and Beauvais sur Matha, depart-
ment of the Charente Inf^rieure ; St. Saturnin, Asnieres, St.
Genis, Linars, Moulidard, and the best growths of the other
vineyards of the department of the Charente.

Limousin, — The hills of Alassac, Saillac, Donzenac, Varetz,
and Syneix, department of the Corr^ze.

Auvergfie, Vclay^ Forez, — Mariol, Lachau, Calville, la Chaux,
les Martres, Anthezal, Monton, Vic le Comte, Montpeyroux,
and Coudes, department of the Puy de D6me ; Renai.son,
department of the Loire.

Lyonnais, — Irigny, Charly, Curis, Poleymieux, and Couzon,
department of the Rhdne.

Dauphin^, — St. Chef, St. Savin, Jaillieu, Rui, Les Roches,
and Vienne, department of the Is^re ; the greater part of the
produce of Saillans, and of the other vineyards of the depart-
ment of the Drdme, already quoted in the fourth class.

Bordclais. — The majority of the petits vins of the Medoc,
those of Lussac, Puisseguin, Parsac, of the canton of Coutras,
and several other communes in the environs of Libourne ; the
produce of Ambes, and the other vineyards of the Palus de la
Garonne, near Bordeaux ; that of the hills which stretch from
Ambar^s to St. Croix du Mont, and the neighbourhood of
Bourg sur Mer, department of the Gironde.

P^rigord, — Chancelade, and some of the communes of
the department of the Dordogne, quoted in the fourth
class.

Gascony. — Tursan, Cote de L^nye, and Haute Chalosse,
department of the Landes ; Verlus and Maz^res, department
of the Gers.

Agenais. — Thcsac, Pericard, and Montflanquin, department
of Lot et Garonne.

Quercy. — The wines of second quality of the department of
the Lot, and some of its rose-coloured wines.

Langnedoc, — Mauve, Limony, Sara, Vion, Auhcnas, and



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504 RED WINES OF FRANCE, [chap.

I'Argenti^re, department of the Ard^che ; Lacostiere, Jon-
qieres, and Pugeault, department of the Gard ; Fau, Aussac,
Auvillar, St. Loup, Campsas, la Villedieu, and Montbartier,
department of Tarn et Garonne ; Meilhart, la Roque, Lagrave,
Tdcou, and Rabastens, department of the Tarn ; Garrigues,
Perols, Villeveyrac, Bouzigues, Frontignan, and Poussan, de-
partment of the Hdrault ; Villaudric, and Fronton, depart-
ment of the Haute Garonne ; Fitou, Leucate, Treilles, Portet,
and Narbonne, department of the Aude.

Comtat (TAvigon, — Mori^res, Avignon, and Orange, de-
partment of Vaucluse.

Provence, — La Cadi&re, St. Nazaire, OUioules, Pierrefeu, and
Cuers, department of the Var.

Bdarny Navarre. — Lasseuble, la Hourcade, Saut de
Navailles, Cucuron, Luc, Lagor, Navarreins, and Sauveterre,
department of the Low Pyr^n^es.

Bigorre, — The second qualities of the growths named in the
fourth class, department of the High Pyr^n^es.

RoHssillofi. — Torremila, Terrats, Esparron, le Vemet, and
many other vineyards of the department of the Pyr^n^es
Orientales.

He de Corse. — The secondary growths.

Second Section.

All the growths yielding wines inferior to the third quality
of ordinary wines should be comprehended in this class ; the
best of them are qualified as ordinary wines of the fourth
quality, the others are called common wines, and their
number and variety would furnish materials for several
subdivisions.

Picardy. — Crepy, Brives, Orgeval, Mont Chlllons, Vour-
cienne, Ployard, Arancy, Chateau Thierry, Treloup, Vailly,
and Soupieres, department of the Aisne ; which are ordinary
wines of the fourth quality, the other growths yielding only
common wines.

Normandy, — Chateau d'lllers, Nonancourt, Bueil, Menilles
and Portmort, in the department of the Eure, furnish only
common wines.



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XV.] FIFTH CLASS, SECOND SECTION, 505

lie de France, Brie, and part of Gdtinais, — Mons, Andresy,
Mantes sur Seine, Septeuil, and Boissy sans Avoir, depart-
ment of Seine et Oise, produce pretty good ordinary wines ;
Clermont, Beauvais, Compiegne, and Senlis, department of
the Oise ; Deuil, Montmorency, Argenteuil, and Sannois, de-
partment of Seine et Oise ; Grande Paroisse, Fontainebleau,
St Girex, Orly, Courpalay, Meaux, and Lagny, department
of Seine et Marne, yield only common wines.

Cltampagne. — Ch^tillon, Romery, Vincelles, Cormoyeux,
Villers, CEuilly, Vandi^res, Verneuil, Troissy, the environs
of Suzanne, Chilons sur Marne, and Vitry sur Marne, de-
partment of the Marne ; all the growths of the department
of the Ardennes; St. Dizier, department of the Haute
Marne; Gy6, Neuville, Landreville, and Villenoxe, depart-
ment of the Aube, produce some ordinary and many
common wines.

Lorraine, — Belleville, les Rochelles, les Allouveaux, Ram-
bercourt, Loicey, Ancervijle, &c., department of the Meuse ;
Toul, Bruley, Dom-Germain, Pannes, Anvezin, Jaulnay,
Ecrouves, Lucey, Rambercourt, Boudonville, Cdte-R6tie,
Pixerecourt, Roville, Neuviller, Vic, Tinery, and Achain,
department of the Meurthe, and Neufchdteau, fipinal and
St. Did, department of the Vosges, produce wines belonging
to all the qualities of this section, but the majority will not
bear transport.

Bretag7ie. — Very few red wines are grown in this province,
and they are very bad.

Anjou, Maine, — Bazouges, Brouassin, Arthezd, Chapelle
d'Alignd, St. Verand, Cromi^res, la Fleche, and Gazoufiere,
department of the Sarthe, yield ordinary wines. The rest of
the vineyards produce only common wine.

Touraine, — Chinon, Luynes, Fondettes, Langeais, St. Marc,
Amboise, Poce, St. Ouen, St. Denis, Chargey, Limeray, Mones,
Souvigny, and Chargd, department of the Indre et Loire,
produce some ordinary wines. The other growths yield
common wines.

Orlcanais, — Bou, Mardid, Olivet, St. Mesmin, St. Marceau,
St. Andre, Cldry, St Paterne, Sarang, Gedy, Ingrd, Fleury,



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5o6 RED WINES OF FRANCE. [chap.

and Senoy, department of the Loiret, produce different
qualities included in this section.

GAtinais. — The districts of Montargis and of Pithiviers,
department of the Loiret, produce small quantities of ordinary
wine, and large quantities of common wine.

Blaisois. — Onzain, Mer, and Chaumont, yield ordinary wines.
Romarantin, and Vendome, department of Loir et Cher,
produce nothing but common wine.

Burgundy y Beaujolais. — Jambles, St. Jeande Vaux, St. Marc,
and several other vineyards of the district of Chdlon sur
Sa6ne ; some in the districts of Semur and Chdtillon, depart-
ment of the Cote d'Or ; Pontigny, Vezinnes, Junay, St.
Martin, Commissey, Neuvy le Sautour, Villeneuve sur Yonne,
St. Julien du Sault, Paron, V^ron, and many other growths
of the department of the Yonne ; Loch6, Vinzelles, Hurigny,
Sance, S6nece, St. Jean de Preche, St. Gengoux le Royal,
Blace, St. Julien, SAle, Denic6, Lacenas, Bussiire, Domage,
St. Sorlin, Az6, Pierreclos, Verze, Ige, St. Gengoux de
Chissey, Cless^ Vir6, Lez^, Peronne, Cogny, Liergue, Tournus,
Lacrost, Grattey, Boyet, Plotte, Ozenay, le Villars, Lugny,
Crusille, &c., in the department of Sa6ne et Loire, and the
district of Villefranche, department of the Rhone, produce
an abundance of ordinary wines of pretty good quality, and
very many common wines of various qualities.

Frandie Comt^, — Ray, Charicy, Navenne, Quince)'^, Gy, and
Champlitte le Chateau, department of the Haute Saone ;
Jalleranges, Pouilley des Vigncs, Beurre, Chdtillon le Due,
Chouzelot, and Pointvillers, department of the Doubs, and
some vineyards in the department of the Jura, produce
ordinary and common wines.

Bresse, Bugey, pays de Gex. — St. Rambert, Torcieux,
Amb^rieux, Vaux, Lagnieux, St. Sorlin, Villehols, Lhuis,
Montmerle, Thoissey, Montagneux, &c., department of the
Ain, yield ordinary, and passable common wines.

Poitoif, Sainionge. — Chauvigny, St. Martin la Riviere, Ville-
mort, St. Romain, and Vaux, department of the Vienne ;
Mont en St. Martin de Sauzaire, Bouille Lorctz, Rochenard,.
Lafoye-Mongeault, and Airvault, department of Deux Sevres;



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XV.] FIFTH CLASS, SECOND SECTION, so?

Lu^on, Fay Moreau, Loge Fougereuse, and Talmont, depart-
ment of the Vendde, produce some ordinary wines, and
inferior qualities of common wines.

Berry, Nivernais Bourbofinais. — Vassclay, Fussy, and St.
Amand, department of the Cher ; Valen9ay, Vic la Moustiere,
Veuil, Latour du Breuil, Concremi^res, and St. Hilaire, depart-
ment of the Indre, produce good wines of most qualities of
this section.

Aunts, Avgoumois, and part of Sainlonge, — Marennes,
St. Jean d'Ang^ly, St. Just, la Kochelle, the isle of Oldron,
and the isle of R6, department of the Charente Inferieure ;
Fouquebrune, Gardes, Blanzac, Vars, Montignac, St. Sernin,
Vonthon, Marthon, Mornax, Couronne la Pallue, Roules,
Nersac, Chassors, Julienne, and the vineyards of Confolens
and Barbezieux, department of the Charente, yield good
ordinary wine, and much common wine of bad quality.

Limousin, — Meissac, St. Bazile, Queissac, Nonnars, Puyder-
nac, Beaulieu, Argentat, department of the Corr^ze, and all
the growths of the department of Haute Vienne, produce
more common than ordinary wine.

Auvergfu, Velay, Forez.—A large proportion of the vine-
yards named in the first section of this class, and Nech6,
Issoire, Cornon, Landet, Orcet, Lesandre, Mezelle, Dallet,
Pont du Chateau, Beaumont, Aubieres, &c., department of
the Puy de Dome ; St. Andr^ d'Apchon, St. Haon le Chatel,
and Charlieu, department of the Loire, yield a very large
quantity of common wine of various qualities.

Dauphin^, Lyonnais. — Lambin, CroUes, la Terrasse, Grignon,
St. Maximin, Murinais, Bessins, Pont en Royans, and St.
Andr6, department of the Is^re ; Etoile, Livron, and St.
Paul, department of the Dr6me, and all the growths of the
department of the Hautes Alpes. The vineyards mentioned
in the first section of this class also yield wine belonging
to this.

Bordelais.—MTiwy of the pctits vins of the Medoc, a still
greater number of those of the palus of the Dordogne, of the
cantons of Guitres sur I'lsle and Bourg ; the inferior wines
of the palus of the Garonne, near Ko'rdeaux, of the canton



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5o8 RED WINES, FIFTH CLASS, [chap.

of Carbon Blanc, and of the little hills on the right bank
of the Garonne ; of Entre-deux-Mers ; of St. Macaire and
Blaye, department of the Gironde, yield ordinary wines of



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