Augusta Lithgow Library.

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where he died December 20, 1819 ; he married,
Ann Gardiner, who was born January 4, 1771,

and died May
9, 1799; she
2/^yy\- was the
ter of

John Gardiner, a celebrated lawyer, and sister of
Dr. Gardiner, a rector of Trinity Church, Boston,
and grand-daughter of Dr. Sylvester Gardiner, one
of the landed proprietors on the Kennebec and the
founder of the city of Gardiner,

Their son, Llewellyn William Lithgow, the founder
of the Lithgow Library and Reading Room, whose
honorable ancestry has thus been briefly noted,
spent the first forty years of his life in his native
town. He engaged in mercantile business there
and prospered so well that he was able at the age of

now (1896) in progress in the hands of Mrs. Dunlap Hoplcins of
New York, member of the N. Y. Genealogical and Biographical
Society, who has found after much investigation, the probable
branch in Scotland of which Robert the emigrant was a scion.
The Scotch family shows an uninterrupted line through Robert
de Bruce (1274-1329) to Egbert (775-836).


AND Reading Room.

forty to retire on a competency. In 1839 he
removed permanently to Augusta. He was married *
May 30, 1825, to Mary, daughter of Thomas Bowman
of Augusta; and to his second wife, Pauline P.,
daughter of Elisha Child of Augusta, in June, 1869.
His residence was on State street where Mrs. Lith-
gow now (1896) resides.

Mr. Lithgow was a gentleman of the old school ;
to urbane manners and a genial disposition he united
a broad, public spirit, and great probity of character,
qualities which won for him
universal confidence and ^O^
respect. He was an active o^'^
member of Christ Church
(Unitarian) of Augusta, and cherished the firm
conviction that he was to enter upon a higher and
more glorious stage of existence at the close of the

Mr. Lithgow died suddenly on Wednesday, June
22, 1881 ; the funeral took place the following
Friday, at ten o'clock in the forenoon, from his

* The ceremony took place in Fort Western. It is interesting
to note incidentally that in 1788, General William Lithgow, Jr.,
an uncle of Llewellyn W. Lithgow, moved to Augusta, and
opened a law office in the south-western room of Fort Western, —
the first room in the town whose walls received a coat of


The Lithgow Library

late residence, and was attended by a large number
of friends and neighbors and townsmen. The burial
was at Dresden, his native town, and among his
kindred. Thus passed from amongst us one of
Augusta's most esteemed and distinguished citizens.
Of the ending of his life it was said :

" The busy day, the peaceful night,
Unfelt, uncounted, glided by ;
His frame was firm, his powers were bright,
His flve-and-eightieth year tho' nigh.

" Then with no fiery, throbbing pain,
No cold gradations of decay,
Death broke at once the vital chain,
And freed his soul the nearest way."*

* Quoted in an obituary notice of Mr. Lithgow, written by
Daniel T. Pike, published in the New Age Newspaper.

ii ^Sl^^*






R. LITHGO W'S WILL was approved
and established by the Probate Court,
July 25, 1881. The Executors of the
will (Samuel W. Luques of Biddeford,
Peter F. Sanborn of Hallowell, Samuel
Titcomb of Augusta, together with Mrs. Pauline C.
Lithgow, or the survivor of them,) having notified
the city government of Augusta of the bequest and
the conditions thereof, a meeting of the Mayor and
Aldermen was held August 5, 1881, at which, after
reciting the notice, the bequest and the conditions
upon which it was made, the foHowing vote was
passed by the Board :

" And whereas the Mayor and Aldermen of said
city of Augusta, gratefully recognizing the generous


The Lithgow Library

purposes of the devise and bequest to said city,
which will be for all time a monument to the muni-
ficence and liberality of the donor, deem it for the
interest of said city that the above named noble
devise and bequest should be accepted, and that the
condition thereof should be complied with on the
part of said city, therefore : Voted^ that said devise
and bequest of said Llewellyn W. Lithgow to the city
of Augusta, upon the terms and conditions therein
specified, be and the same hereby are accepted.

" Voted. That a copy of the vote of acceptance
duly certified by the City Clerk, be immediately
filed with the executors of the said Llewellyn W.

Upon receiving the notice of acceptance, the
executors placed in the hands of the treasurer of the
city the sum of twenty thousand dollars, the amount
of the bequest named in the will ; and in Board of
Aldermen, December 6, 1881, the following Ordi-
nance relative to the Lithgow Library Fund was
passed :

"An ordinance relating to the Lithgow Library
and Reading Room Fund.

"Be it ordained by the City Council of the City
of Augusta, as follows:

** Section 1. The management, care and control


AND Reading Room.

of the Public Library and Reading Room founded by
the late Llewellyn W. Lithgovv, shall be vested in a
Board of trustees which shall be constituted as fol-
lows, viz : Said Board shall consist of five* members
of which number the Mayor of the city shall be ex-
officio one, and the rest shall be appointed by the
Mayor and Aldermen, and hold their ofiice for three
years, except that the executors or representatives of
the estate of said Lithgow may appoint one of them,
and that at the first election one of the remaining
three shall be elected for one year, one for two years,
and one for three years ; vacancies in the Board
may be filled by the Mayor and Aldermen.

"Section 2. Said Board of Trustees shall pre-
scribe the rules and regulations under which said
Library and Reading Room may be used, and do
all things needful to protect, preserve and take care
of the same. They shall have authority to use the
income that shall accrue from the bequests afore-
said, and such sums as shall from time to time be
appropriated by the city for the purpose, in making
the requisite purchases for said Library and Read-
ing Room and in providing accommodations therefor,
and for any deficiency in the expense of taking care
of the same.

* This number was enlarged to fourteen by City Ordinance
passed February 10, 1893.


The Lithgow Library

"Section 3. The city of Augusta consents to
receive in trust the twenty thousand dollars already
paid by said Lithgow's executors to its treasurer, and
to pay therefor the interest thereon at the rate of
five per cent per annum in semi-annual payments
perpetually to said Board of Trustees for the purpose
aforesaid, under the provisions of chapter ninety-two
of the Laws of 1873. And the treasurer shall give
the obligation of the city of Augusta to said Board
of Trustees to make such payments ; and said Board
shall have the necessary power to enforce the same.

"Section 4. The city will carry out the known
purpose of said Lithgow so far as it may have the
power to do it ; that all such sums as it may hereafter
receive from said estate shall be applied to the
enlargement and sustaining said Library and Reading
Room, or in providing accommodations therefor."

In Board of Aldermen December 29, 1881, the
following named persons were unanimously elected
as Trustees : J. Manchester Haynes for three years ;
William R. Smith for two years ; Herbert M.
Heath for one year. James W. Bradbury was
announced by the Mayor as the person selected by
the executors of the Lithgow estate as the fourth
member of said Board of Trustees. The Mayor was
made ex-officio the fifth member. Mr. Heath resigned


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AND Reading Room.

in 1883, in contemplation of removal from the State,
and Leslie C. Cornish was appointed to fill the

The first work performed by the Board of Trustees
after its organization on February 12, 1882, was the
acceptance of the books and fixtures of the Library
of the Augusta Literary and Library Association, as
noted on a preceding page.

On September 23, 1882, the Trustees entered
into possession under their organization, and opened
for the first time the Lithgow Library and Reading
Room. It was voted to keep the Library open
every secular afternoon in the week and Saturday
evenings. Miss Julia M. Clapp, (the Librarian of
the Augusta Literary and Library Association,) was
elected Librarian. It was also voted that the
Committee on Books with the concurrence of the
President, expend five hundred dollars in the
purchase of new books, and that the right of taking
books from the Library for home use, should be
extended to the inhabitants of Augusta upon the
payment of one dollar per year in advance, only one
book at a time to be taken by the same person, and
that to be kept not exceeding two weeks. From
that time to the present the Library has been open
to the public.

In addition to the bequest of the twenty thousand


The Lithgow Library

dollars by Mr. Lithgow, the city of Augusta became
interested as a residuary legatee. After bequests to
family and friends and to the town of Dresden upon
certain conditions, the will contained the following
residuary clause : " Should any one of the aforesaid
devisees or legatees refuse to accept the devised
estate upon the conditions named in said devise,
then such part together with the remainder of my
estate, I then give, bequeath and devise one-half to
the town of Dresden, and the remaining half to the
city of Augusta."

Mr. Lithgow having omitted to state that the
receipts under this clause of the will should be
applied to the same library purposes as the preceding
bequest, legislation became necessary to carry out
this intention of the testator, as without it the
receipts would have passed unconditionally into the
city treasury. The city authorities were disposed to
carry out Mr. Lithgow's intentions as fully as they
had power. With their assent, application was made
to the Legislature for the requisite power. It was
deemed advisable to ask also for authority to organize
as a corporation so that the Trustees of the Library
could better protect its property, collect its dues,
maintain its rights, and secure its permanency.
As a result of the application, the Legislature passed
the following Act.



AND Reading Room.

Private and Special Laws of 1883.
Chapter 174.

An Act authorizing the city of Augusta, to apply a certain
bequest from L. W. Lithgow to Library purposes, and to
incorporate the Lithgow Library and Reading Room.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives in
Legislature assembled, as follows :

Section 1. The city of Augusta is hereby authorized to
appropriate and use all such money and other property, or the
proceeds thereof, as shall be received by said city under the
residuary clause in the will of the late Llewellyn W. Lithgow
in providing accommodations, by a building or otherwise, for
the public library and reading room established by aid of the
specific legacy of twenty thousand dollars under a prior clause
in said will, and in maintaining and enlarging said library.

Section 2. James W. Bradbury, P. O. Vickery, J. Man-
chester Haynes, William R. Smith and Herbert M. Heath, the
present board of trustees of said library and reading room, and
their successors in said trust, are hereby constituted a body
corporate under the name of the Lithgow Library and Reading
Room, with all the corporate powers given to like corporations
by chapter fifty -five of the Revised Statutes of 1871. Said
corporation may take and hold by purchase, gift, devise or
bequest, personal or real estate, in all not exceeding in value
one hundred and fifty thousand dollars, owned at any one time,
and use and dispose thereof only for the purposes for which the
corporation was organized. It is, however, here provided that
the rules and regulations for the management of said library
and reading room shall be subject to the authority of the city
government of said City of Augusta. It is further provided that
this section shall take eflFect only when said city of Augusta
shall, by vote of its city government, accept its provisions.

Approved January 27, 1883.


The Lithgow Library

At a meeting of the Board of Aldermen, held
September 28, 1883, the provisions of section two
of the foregoing Act of the Legislature was by formal
vote accepted, and it was thereupon : " Ordained^
That all such moneys or other property, or the
proceeds thereof as shall be receivable under said
residuary clause in said Lithgow's will, shall be
paid by the executors to the Treasurer of the Board
of Trustees of said Library and Keading Room, to
be applied and used for library purposes, in accord-
ance with said ordinance, [of December 6, 1881,]
and Act [of January 27, 1883] . And said Treasurer
is hereby authorized to receipt therefor in the name
of the city, — to the end that the purposes of said
Lithgow and of the ordinance aforesaid may be fully
carried into effect."

The organization of the corporation was effected
on October 22, 1883. A meeting of the Trustees
was held on that day, at which were present : James
W. Bradbury, William R. Smith, J. Manchester
Haynes, Leslie C. Cornish and Alden W. Philbrook,
Mayor, and it was " voted to accept the Act of Janu-
ary 27, 1883, authorizing the city of Augusta to
apply a certain bequest from L. W. Lithgow to
library purposes, and to incorporate the Lithgow
Library and Reading Room." Thereupon the follow-
ing officers were chosen : President, James W.


AND Reading Room.

Bradbury ; Secretary, Leslie C. Cornish ; Treasurer,
William R. Smith ; Auditor, J. Manchester Haynes.

It was then voted to accept the provisions of
section one of the Ordinance of the city of Augusta,
passed December 6, 1881, prescribing the number
and manner of electing trustees ; and it was voted
also that the corporation hold in trust the books and
other property of the library for the purpose of
carrying out the objects indicated in the will of the
late Llewellyn W. Lithgow. Miss Julia M. Clapp
was elected Librarian.

The organization of the Lithgow Library and
Reading Room into a corporation, having thus been
legally effected, the corporation had thereafter all
necessary power to carry out the purposes of Mr.
Lithgow, to manage the affairs of the Library and
secure its permanency.



N MR. LITHGOWS WILL one of the
bequests to the to wn of Dresden ( $5000 )
was upon conditions so expressed that
j there was a difference of opinion as to
the intent of the testator, which led to
the application by the executors to the court for in-
structions as to the legal construction of the clause
containinoj the conditions. The town of Dresden
claimed to have complied with them, and its con-
struction of the clause was ably argued by legal
counsel, but the court upon consideration decided
otherwise. This decision carried the bequest of the
live thousfind dollars into the residuary fund, to be


The Lithgow Library.

equally divided between Augusta and Dresden. The
total amount that Augusta received under the resid-
uary clause in the will, was about sixteen thousand
dollars, making the total legacy under the will, in
round numbers thirty-six thousand dollars. The
sixteen thousand dollars legacy under the residuary
clause was independent of the trust fund of twenty
thousand dollars, and fell into the treasury of the
corporation without any conditions attached to it.

It was determined by the Trustees after careful
consideration, to employ the portion of the legacy
that came under the residuary clause, "in providing
accommodations by a building," — as authorized by
the lenrislative act of 1883. Therefore the sum of
sixteen thousand dollars was appropriated as the
substantial nucleus of a Building Fund, and placed
on interest to await such accretions as would iinall}''
make the enlarged fund sufficient to erect an adequate
and appropriate library building.

As early as 1888, the location was selected and a
lot of land secured for the proposed building. On
the 8th of December of that year, the Trustees
purchased of Gardiner C. Vose and William P.
Whitehouse, for the sum of $5300, the Cushnoc
House property, situated at the comer of State and
Winthrop streets. This property was thenceforth
leased by the Trustees at fair rentals, until the


The Lithgow Library

destruction of the buildin_o:s by fire during the
evening of September 13, 1892. The same conflugra-
tion that swept away the ancient Cushnoc House
and stables destroyed also the adjoining stable of
William G. Moody. The lot on which the latter
stable stood thus incidentally becoming available
was purchased by the Trustees October 14, 1892,
for four thousand dollars. The two lots were mersfed
forming a commodious site for the contemplated
library building. The south line of the lot on
Winthrop street measures 176' 5" ; the north line,
170' 8"; on State street, 107'; on Pleasant street,
117' 3". Though no two sides are equal, in length,
the irregularities are so slight as to be of no account

As there was a general desire that a library
building should be erected as soon as practicable the
Trustees made through the pub-
lic press
an appeal
to citizens

to furnish the necessary aid. The financial con-
dition at the beginning of 1891, was as follows : A
permanent fund of twenty thousand dollars loaned
to the city of Augusta at five per cent to sustain
and enlarge the library proper by the use of the
income ; a building lot that had cost fifty-three


AND Reading Room.

hundred dollars, and about fifteen thousand dollars
applicable to building purposes, principally from the
Lithgow estate.

At a meeting of the Trustees held July 14, 1891, it
was : " Voted, that the donor of one thousand dollars
or more towards the
erection of a Library
Building shall be
entitled to

have an ^

alcove f ^/^ ^*N

therein "^

bear his or her name or that of such person as he or
she shall designate." At the same meeting a circular
letter was prepared setting forth the condition and
needs of the library, and sent to a goodly number
of Augusta citizens, and to natives of Augusta
residing elsewhere, making an appeal for co-opera-
tion. To this appeal the first response received was
from Charles F. Alden, of Clinton, Iowa, who sent
a subscription of one thousand dollars for an alcove
in memory of his mother, Bethia S. N. Alden.

At a meeting of the Trustees held on the 16th of
September, 1892, another plan was suggested. The
President of the Trustees, — Honorable James Ware
Bradbury, — proposed to give the sum of one thous-
and dollars upon the condition that enough more


The Lithgow Library

should be subscribed within three months to make
ten thousand dollars, — four of the subscriptions to
be for one thousand dollars each. The next day
Horace Williams sent a subscription for one thousand
dollars. This was followed by like subscriptions
from Emery Sanborn of Hallo well, in memory of
his deceased wife, Annie Lithgow Sanborn ; James
Gr. Blaine in memory of his son, Walker Blaine ;
Mrs. Sara Rockwood Ladd Fuller, of New Rochelle,
New York, in memory of her husband, Henry Weld
Fuller; Mrs. Harriet Stanley Lambard, in memory
of her father, George W. Stanley ; Joseph H.
Williams and sisters in memory of their father,
Reuel Williams; Mrs. Anita McCormick Blaine, of
Chicago, Illinois, in memory of her husband,
Emmons Blaine ; Henry M. Harlow, in memory of
his daughter, Alice W. Harlow ; Treby Johnson
and sisters and John W. Chase, in memory of
William T. Johnson ; Peleg O. Vickery and John
F. Hill, in memory of Mrs. Lizzie Vickery Hill.
Mr. Bradbury's subscription was for an Alcove in
memory of his son, James Ware Bradbury, Jr.

While the Trustees were engaged in obtaining
these subscriptions, Mr. Ira H. Randall addressed a
letter to Mr. Andrew Carnegie, who is well known
as a founder of libraries, reciting to that distin-




AND Reading Room.

guished benefactor, the general condition of the
Lithgow Library's affairs up to that time ; also
describing the proposed location of the building,
giving the names of the large subscribers, outlining
the prospects of the institution for the future, and
offering a respectful suggestion that Mr. Carnegie
contribute such sum, if any, as he could "afford."
Mr. Carnegie promptly replied as follows :

Hotel Royal



Tenu Pak

Genovebsi & Campi.

Nov. 15, 1892,
My Dear Mr. Randall :

Your letter about the Public Library reaches me here.

As I understand you, $22,000 have been raised; $40,000 are
required. You are therefore short $18,000.

Subscriptions are to be solicited throughout the city. Now,
then, raise half of the deficiency, $9000, and although steel
business upon which I depend for all my resources, is not paying
any dividends these times, I cannot resist the temptation to iden-
tify myself with the Library, by oflFering to provide the other

Wishing you speedy success, I am.

Truly yours,

Andrew Carnegie.

On the receipt by Mr Randall of Mr. Carnegie's
generous offer, it was unanimously : " Voted, That


The Lithgow Library

the Trustees of the Lithgow Library and Reading
Room are gratified by the intelligence of the proposed
liberal donation to our Library by Mr. Andrew
Carnegie. It is certainly exceedingly kind for a
stranger to do so generous a deed, for which he has
the thanks of all the patrons of the Library ; and
our secretary is instructed to send him a copy of this

vote expressing our appreciation of his generosity,
and to inform him that we are engaged in the effort to
raise the funds necessary to fulfil the conditions of
his donation, and that they will advise him of the
result of their efforts which they have no doubt will
be successful."*

The success of the efforts to erect a buildina: was
now felt to be assured. All that remained to be
done was to formulate a method of proceeding, and
appeal to the public for the sum of $9000.

On the motion of the five members who had
hitherto constituted the management of the institu-
tion, the Board of Trustees was enlarged by the
addition of nine new members. This was done by
ordinance of the City Council passed February 10,
1893. The names of the new Trustees were : Benj.

* Record, December 1, 1892.



AND Reading Room.

F. Parrott, Lendall Titcomb, James W. North,
Richard E. Goodwin, Charles E. Nash, Ira H.
Randall, Joseph H. Manley, John F. Hill, Oscar
Holway. Mr. Randall subsequently declined the
position and John W. Chase was appointed to fill
the vacancy.

A committee consisting of Messrs. Manley, Hol-
way, Randall, Nash and Goodwin, was appointed
March 9, 1893, to solicit subscriptions.

About this time several young gentlemen and
ladies of Augusta had organized themselves into an
amateur dramatic company, and performed in the
Opera House, on March 9, 1893, the four-act comedy,
entitled "School," by T. W. Robertson, for the
benefit of the Lithgow Library. The following
named persons assumed characters in the play :

Mr. Frank A. Owen, Bangor; Mr. Richard E.
Goodwin, Augusta; Mr. Edwin L. Nash ; Mr. Geo.
H. Bangs ; Mr. Byron A. Mead ; Mr. Harry H.
Pierce ; Mr. Cony Sturgis ; Mr. Woart Lancaster ;
Master Frank Chase ; Miss Grace Randall ; Miss
Frances W. Chase ; Mrs. F. W. Chase ; Miss Alice
W. Welch ; Miss Ena Chadbourne ; Mrs. Geo. H.
Brickett ; Miss Mary Huntington ; Misses Marion
Michoelis, Mabel Gould, Carrie North, Gertrude
Stone, Winnefred Smith, Zoe Peterson, Charlotte
Randall, Lou Pierce, Muriel Haynes.


The Lithgow Library

From the proceeds of this entertainment which was
generously patronized by the public, the sura of five
hundred dollars was kindly paid into the treasury of
the Library.

The Subscription Committee reported on April
10th, that from statements of sub-committees it was
believed that the needed amount had been secured
and that they could report finally at the next

At the meeting of April 22d, 1893, the prelimi-
nary steps toward actual building operations were

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Online LibraryAugusta Lithgow LibraryThe Lithgow Library and Reading Room → online text (page 2 of 10)