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Myrtle P. Verran, Supervisor of Writ-
ing, and A. A. Goodale, Superintend-
ent, of the Houghton, Michigan. Pub-
lic Schools, are believers in Certifi-
cates. More than twenty of their
pupils have written Certificate-win-
ning specimens since the beginning of

Ida M. Gordon, Supervisor of Writing
in Clarksburg, West Virginia, recently
secured thirteen Teachers' Certificates
for the teachers in the Clarksburg
Schools. Miss Gordon is attacking
the problem of penmanship in the
right way. by training her teachers to
do good work in the schoolroom.

A. M. Hinds, Penmanship Supervisor
in the Louisville, Kentucky, Public
Schools recently secured 158 (iram-
mar Grade Certificates, five High
School and two Teachers' Certificates.
The results secured by Mr. Hinds are
all that these figures would indicate.

J. M. Tice, of the Penmanship Depart-
ment of the Whitewater. Wisconsin,
State Normal School, makes the Zaner
Method Teachers' Certificate a re-
quirement for graduation. Pupils in
the Normal School are also encour-
aged to work for the Grammar Grade
and High School Certificates.

Mame E. Goodell, a teacher in the
Hackensack, New Jersey, Public-
Schools, carries into her schoolroom
the same enthusiasm for penmanship
which she had when she was a teacher
in the Albuquerque, New Mexico.
Business College. As a result, eleven
of her pupils recently secured the
Zaner Method High School Certifi-

John C. Way, of Success Business
College, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada,
is not only one of our very largest
clubbers of THE BUSINESS EDU-
CATOR, but wins more Certificates
than almost any other business col-
lege teacher. During 1920 at least 169
Certificates went to this school and
the number sent during 1921 is al-
ready 38. But this is what might be
expected from one of the very larg-
est schools in North America filled to
overflowing with live, energetic, hust-
ling Canadians.

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Commercial Students

(A Page for the Business Men of Tomorrow)


The stenographer usually thinks
hat she or he is paid for what he
loes. Would it not be nearer the truth
o say that he is paid for the time he
;aves his employer?

If it took a man as long to dictate

letter as it does to write it on the
ypewriter himself, few letters would
>e dictated. Also, if the time of the
lictator were not more valuable than
he time of the stenographer, few
stenographers would be employed.

If these statements are true — and

hey seem self-evident — then the way

3 secure a good salary as steno-

rapher is to save as much time as

possible for a high priced man.

Many stenographers, especially
beginners, avoid men who work at
high pressure. Such men have a dis-
agreeable habit of talking rapidly and
employing unusual words. The steno-
grapher prefers to work for men who
speak deliberately and use only ster-
eotyped phrases.

That is all right if all the steno-
grapher wants is an easy time; but if
he is looking for any considerable sal-
ary he should find a dictator whose
time is too valuable to spend in talk-
ing slowly and whose knowledge is so
wide that he uses some unusual words
in his letters. .

The amount of time saved depends
on the speed in both shorthand and
typewriting. A stenographer should
be able at all times to write as rapidly
as the dictator wishes to speak. It is
safe to say that not more than 25%
of all the stenographers in this coun-
try meet this requirement. If this is
true it would indicate that there is a
big field for more rapid stenographers.

Speed in typewriting is also neces-
sary to save your employer's time.
Having said what he wants you to
write, he would like to have it back in
typewritten form in a hurry. Some-
times it is necessary to postpone some
matters until your letters are ready.
In all cases it is to his advantage to
have the work done quickly.

Another point is that since typewrit-
ing usually take longer than dictation,
the stenographer who doubles his
speed in typewriting, even without in-
creasing his speed in shorthand, al-
most doubles the amount of work he
can do in a day.

But when you have taken dictation
and transcribed it you have only be-
gun to do the things that may be done
in any office to save the time of the
dictator. His need for letters, pencils,
books, and information should be an-
ticipated. You should think with him,
or ahead of him, as far as possible,
and do the things he would have you
do without being told.

The stenographer who is asked to
work over time has some occasion to
feel that he is being imposed upon,
because the salary he gets is usually
expected to pay for a certain number
of hours every day; but what should
be said of the stenographer who, hav-
ing engaged to give a certain number
of hours each day, objects to being
kept busy all that time? Talk with
most of the stenographers you meet
and you will find that they feel they
are having a much better time if they
are not required to work all the day,
than if they are. There is a lazy streak
in most of us which is glad of the
chance to quit work; but if we realize
that when we are not working we are
not earning we will see that is to our
advantage to be kept busy all of our
working hours.




Could you graduate from a
Canadian Business College? Try
the questions below and see how
you come out. Your teacher will
tell you whether your solutions of
the problems are correct.

This examination was given to
candidates for graduation in the
business colleges which are mem-
bers of the Business Educators'
Association of Canada. It was
sent by Mr. G. L. White, of the
Fredericton, B. C, Business Col-
lege. Mr. White states that he
will be glad to answer any ques-
tions regarding these problems or
to criticise the work of any stu-
dent who might care to present it.

Commercial Diploma Examination

Time: 4 Hours

Maximum, 100 Marks; Minimum, 67

1. The firm of Smith & Henderson
have been keeping their books by
Single Entry, and present the follow-
ing from their books for you to make
a statement of their Resources and
Liabilities. Find Net Gain for the
year, and make the necessary Journal
Entries to change the books to Dou-
ble Entry.

Cash on deposit, $3,900.57; on hand,
$15.25; notes on hand, $875; interest
accrued on these notes, $6.37; mdse. in
stock $8,765.85; R. S. Wilson owes on
account $67.40; J. D. Lindsay owes
me on account $61.34; A Richardson
owes on account $16.42; Office Fix-
tures valued at $167.50; insurance pre-
mium unearned, $16.75; rent due and
unpaid, $140; notes outstanding,
$47.50; accounts due W. Lewis, $37.50;
account due R. Gilpin, $89.75; each
partner's investment is $5,000.

2. From the following information
taken from the books of Wilson &
Jones, Dec. 31, 1908, make a Trading
Account, Profit and Loss Account,
and Statement of Resources and Lia-
bilities: Bank Charges for the vear
$1,200; Notes outstanding, $S.000;
Creditors on open account, $20,000;
Real Estate valued now at cost price,
$10,000; Factory Plant cost $2,500
(allow 10% depreciation on this);
Furniture and Fixtures cost $400 (al-
low 10% depreciation) ; paid for rent
and taxes, $500; General Expenses,
$2,000; Office Salaries, $1,500; Ac-
counts Receivable, $75,000 (reserve
10% for possible bad debts'); Cash on
hand, $8,000; Bad Debts written off
during the year, $3,000; net sales dur-
ing the year, $371,100; net purchases,
$300,000; Goods on hand Dec. 31, 1907,
$18,000; Goods on hand Dec. 31, 1908,
$20,000; wages paid factory hands,

Wilson's capital Dec. 31, 1907, $40,-
000; Jones' capital Dec. 31, 1907.
$30,000; allow 6% interest to each
partner on his capital account; Wil-
son's private account is charged with
$4,000, and Jones' with $3,000 (no in-
terest to be reckoned on the private
accounts). Gains or losses to be
shared equally.

3. A and B are equal partners. B
retires from the firm and an adjust-
ment is required. The partners' ac-
counts stand as follows: A, Dr. $4,500,
Cr. $6,500; B, Dr. $3,500, Cr. $6,200.
They divide their resources and lia-
bilities as follows: Cash, which B
takes to his account, $4,500; Bills Re-
ceivable, which he also takes to his
account, $3,500; mdse. on hand which
A takes to his account, $5,700; they
owe on notes which he assumes,
$2,000; personal accounts receivable,
on which he is allowed a discount of
10% for bad debts, $6,000; personal
accounts payable which he assumes,
$1,000. Which partner now owes the
other and what amount?

4. A. M. Jones and R. S. Stuart
are partners sharing gains and losses
equally. Their books show the fol-
lowing resources and liabilities: Cash,
$2,000; Plant, $10,000; Bills Receiv-
able, $3,400; Goods on hand, $600;
Personal accounts rec, $1,200; Notes
outstanding, $6,000; Credtiors on
open account, $2,000; Jones' net credit,
$6,900; Stuart's net credit, $2,300.

They convert their business into a
joint stock company incorporated with
an authorized capital of $25,000. The
other subscribers take $11,000 stock,
paying cash in full for their subscrip-
tions. It is agreed that the Plant be
taken over at a valuation of $8,500,
the Goods at $500, and the Notes and
Book Debts at 10% discount. Jones
and Stuart take fully paid up shares
in settlement of their respective in-
terests, cash being paid to them in
lieu of the fractional portion of a
share. Make opening entries in the
company's new books.

Values: No. 1, 20 marks; No. 2, 40
marks; No. 3, 10 marks; No. 4, 30

*%fc&u<tin£W&&uzifir &



Holyoke, Mass.

Part I

"Oh. Kate! you going to the fire-
man's ball?" "Wouldn't miss it for a
million dollars. Sure
I'm going." The two
girls came out of the
office of the Diamond
knitting Mills togeth-
er at the close of a
February day. Both
were employed in the
office of the mills.
Katherine Holton was
a girl about eighteen
years old, just out of high school. A
tall girl of springy step with a pair of
bright eyes and plenty of curling
chestnut hair which gave her a kind
of boyish look for it was short, some-
what similar to .the bobbed hair so
fashionable today, and this was a good
many years ago when girls wore their
hair as long as they could get it. The
other girl was one of the bookkeeping
staff, and both were discussing the
coming social event of the town of
Franklin where was located the Dia-
mond Knitting Mills, quite a good
sized establishment.

Franklin was a country town of per-
haps 2500 inhabitants, more than two-
thirds of them living in the Center
Village and the outlying suburbs
known as the North, South and West
villages, where were located small fac-

"Who's going to take you to the
dance?" said the other girl. "Who
do you suppose?" "Why, I suppose
Eldro. Why don't you shake that rube
and get a real swell fellow here in
town?" "Oh, I don't know, he looks
pretty good to me," said Kate Holton.
"He has been taking me about ever
since we were nine years old and I've
kind of got used to him." "Well, he
sure has got a good horse and he ain't
a tight wad," said the other girl, "and
that goes a long ways in a country
place like this." And indeed it did.

Katherine Holton, Kate as most
folks called her and Kit for short, was
the youngest daughter of Mr. Leoni-
das Holton, a fat farmer of fifty years
with a voice as soft as silk and a man-
ner as oily as his voice was soft. He
had for many years been a peddler,
traveling about the countryside with
a horse and covered cart in which he
carried a supply of tea, coffee, and
spices, and a lot of gimcracks dear to
the heart of the country housewives.
Hamburg edging, needles and pins,
cheap laces, dress patterns of more or
less showy design, and if a woman
wanted a silk dress, Holton could get
it for her at a considerably less price
than the country store keeper, so he
did, on the whole, a profitable busi-
ness. He was a general favorite with
the women all over that part of the
country, for there wasn't a bit of

gossip or scandal going that he didn't
gather as the bee gathers honey. He
was as goood as a copy of "Town
Topics," that outrageous paper that
contains all the scandal of New York.
He was sure of a welcome wherever
he went. At the age of forty or there-
abouts, he had accumulated quite a
little sum of money with which he
bought a good sized farm near the
town of Franklin, where with Kate,
his son-in-law who had married his
oldest daughter, and his youngest son
Will, he was engaged in agriculture
on a fairly prosperous scale.

Young Will Holton was a youth
who had no overwhelming desire to
labor beyond his strength, and he
spent his spare time, at the age of
twenty, around the billiard room at
the hotel and in three or four saloons
of Franklin, where small games of
cards were generally in progress.
Will was rather a poor lot. Kate, on
the contrary, was a bright, attractive
girl, not beautiful but certainly it
didn't give one sore eyes to look at
her. She was a good, light hearted
girl, full of abounding vitality and
very popular among the young people
of the South Village where she lived
and also at the Center where she was
now working for the Diamond Knit-
ting Mills. She had been through the
village high school, and had a good
working English education. There
wree not so many frills in the high
school course in those days as there
are at present, but the education was
fully as solid. She knew something of
bookokeeping, and had learned much
more since she had been employed by
the Diamond Knitting Co. Since she
was nine years old, ten years before
the opening of my story, Eldro Hop-
kins had been the devoted follower
and ardent lover of Katherine Holton.
Eldro was a sticker but he was slow
as cold molasses in winter in his love
making. He simply took Kate around
to sleigh rides, church socials, spell-
ing schools, husking bees, barn dances,
and the occasional minstrel shows
that came to Franklin, and while she
had become accustomed to him just as
a woman becomes accustomed to her
husband, she was not madly infatu-
ated with the long, slim, pleasant man-
nered youth who owned an excellent
horse and whose father kept him fair-
ly well supplied with the currency of
our good old Uncle Samuel.

The Firemen's Ball

The Firemen's Ball was the great
social event of the town of Franklin.
It took place on the evening of Feb.
22nd. For weeks before the eventful
evening, there was the hum of prepar-
ation and endless talk among the
maids and matrons of Franklin, for
everybody went to the Firemen's
Ball. Everybody who could dance,
and most people between the ages of
sixteen and eighty could dance in
those days. Not the wild bunny hugs
and tangos, turkey trots, shimmies,
camel walks, and toddles of today, to
the blattant blare and clamorous din
of the jazz orchestra, but to the witch-
ing srains of the Blue Danube waltzes,

and Money Musk from the'cornet, the
flute, the clarinet, the trombone, the
violin, the 'cello and the deep toned
double bass of the old time orchestra,!
they danced the graceful waltz, the
schottische, the polka, and the rollick-
ing Lancers and the always favorite
Virginia Reel.

It was a glorious night, that 22nd
of February in the late nineties. The
great constellation Orion strode
across the sky with the blazing dog-
star following at his heels and the
brilliant planet Venus, glowed with
ten star power in the Western sky,
while out toward the steady pole star
twinkled the glittering Pleiades and'
the great gibbous moon, almost at the'
full, shed its soft light over the!
earth's white mantle.

All the men's suits had been fur-
bished up, and the smell of gasoline
was very much in evidence. Dr. Brad-
ford and young lawyer Frank Clark
wore dress suits, "fish and soup," with,
white lawn ties and patent leather:
shoes. There were two or three othen
dress suits of ancient vintage in town,
and an occasional dinner jacket, but
most of the men outside the Fire
Company wore anything they had to
wear. Cutaways, Prince Alberts and
sacks were much in evidence, and the
firemen, members of Aquarius Engine
Co., No. 1, were in uniform, black
breeches with red shirts and white
belts. Some uniform that was, and it
lit up the dance hall of the Franklin
House almost as much as a real con-

First and foremost, in the bevy of
dancing girls was Kate Holton,
straight as an arrow, light as thistle
down, her toes hardly touching the
ground, as she took every dance with
some eager party. And at about the
fifth number as the band started "The
Irish Washerwoman" there burst up-
on the gay scene a vision of splendor,
such as Franklin had never yet beheld.

A New Man in Town

I say a vision, he was more than
that, he was an illumination, a young:
man of 22 or 3 or 4 or 5, for his face
was manicured to suit any age. A
small mustache tightly curled at the
ends, as was the fashion of that date,
covered his upper lip. His hair, the
very first pompadour that had ever
been seen in Franklin, was marcelled
so that it waved over his shapely head
and a dazzlnig smile, which displayed
perfect teeth, lit up his countenance.
His dress clothes were a broadcloth
smallow tail coat with black satin fac-
ing, white corded silk waistcoat with
pearl buttons. His silk tie and his
high stiff collar were the latest. His
black, doeskin trousers snugly fitted
his shapely legs and bore the narrow
silk stripes of Old London. His small
feet in shapely patent leather pumps
were covered with silk stockings and
his hands were encased in white kid
gloves. He was indeed a bright and
beautiful thing and it was not long
till he was introduced to Kate Holton,
and she found in him the poetry in

(Continued on page 32)

*? &&.31tMne4*&&ua&r &



From Office Boy to White House

When Charles L. Swem was fifteen
(that was not so many years ago) he
held the "position" of office boy in a
cotton mill in Groveville, a small town
near Trenton. Most of the boy suc-
cesses of fiction hold down this job.
Charlie actually held it and while do-
ing the work of "assistant-to-every-
body" well, he was preparing for
something better. His "salarv" was
$3.00 a week.

Doubtless there were in that same
office many men who wanted to get
ahead. They merely dreamed of some
high-up position they would have
some day, without preparing to take
the intermediate jobs and positions
between their mere clerkship and the
place they coveted. Such men are in
every organization.

Then again there was probably a
second class that was "satisfied." This
group never gave much thought to the
future. Both these classes are all too

But Charles L. Swem belonged to
that third, rare class, who know that
success is achieved only through hard
work and intelligent planning; that to
succeed one must keep everlastingly
at it. That is the reason that college
graduates often fail where grammar
school graduates succeed. They think
their education has been finished.
Charlie Swem "missed" high school.

Time often hung heavy on the hands
of this young office boy. Most boys
in similar jobs fritter away such time
when the buzzer is not buzzing Char-
lie knew that these idle moments
could be made to pay dividends. He
entered the night school of Rider Col-
lege in Trenton, taking up the Secre-
tarial Course. During the day he prac-
tised shorthand whenever he had no
office duties to perform.

Mr. Swem started to climb the lad-
der of success while still in night
school. He learned shorthand as it is
intended to be learned, but as too few
students, alas, ever learn it. His
teacher reported to the office of Rider
College that Mr. Swem was an unus-
ually good shorthand student. It was
then arranged that he should attend
the day school, and here he made still
further progress.

Other boys have the same am-
bitions that entered the mind of
young Swem, but they do not
act on the promptings they re-
ceive. Or having acted, they
fall by the wayside because they
allow their enthusiasm to lag.
Swem kept up his enthusiasm
and insured success.

The president of Rider College,
John E. Gill, was so impressed with
Mr. Swem's shorthand ability that he
wrote to Mr. Gregg about it. Mr.
Gregg came to Trenton and saw
Swem write 160 words a minute in
shorthand before he left school. Mr.
Gregg offered Swem a position in his
office and thus he began his business

Woodrow Wilson, then governor of
Xew Jersey, was to deliver an address
one Sunday in the Armory. One of
the Trenton papers wanted a copy of


Editor, The Gregg Writer

Formerly private stenographer to

President Woodrow Wilson

the address and applied to Rider Col-
lege for a shorthand reporter,. They
had Mr. Swem come over from New
York, and he delivered a report of the
address that night. It so well caught
the spirit in which the words were
uttered that when Mr. Wilson wanted
a stenographer for a special day's
work he asked Mr. Gill to send him
the young man who had taken the
speech in the Armory. A little later
when Mr. Wilson was nominated for
the presidency he called up Rider Col-
lege from the New Jersey summer
capital at Sea Girt and wanted Swem
to report his speeches during the

Few boys at nineteen have the
pleasure of seeing the whole of the
United States. Swem was taken on
the Governor's first presidential cam-
paign tour. Whenever the Governor
made a speceh, Swem was at his side
with his notebook. When Woodrow
Wilson became President of the
United States, Swem became the
Stenographic Secretary to the Presi-
dent. His salary was $2,500 a year.
The dollar meant much then. Few

boys of nineteen get such a salary to-

One can easily imagine the interest-
ng life Mr. Swem has led during the
past eight years. More history has
been crowded into much of that per-
iod than for many decades preceding.
Swem has been writing much of it as
it came from the lips of the President.
He knew of diplomatic events before
the public had even a hint of their
happening. Think of the confidential
and secret information he must have
transcribed. Think of what an educa-
tion it must have been to work under
President Wilson, for it is admitted
by all that the President is scholarly
and intellectual and that he uses exact
English. It is also true that he re-
quires exact reporting. Swem fur-
nished it.

When the President went to Eur-
ope, Swem accompanied him, taking
dictation at the Peace Conference.
Swem's writing attracted the attention
of British and French journalists for
its speed and accuracy, and they wrote
of his work in their papers. Think of
sitting at the Peace Conference and
taking the speeches of men whose
nanus will be known through the
Ages. _ To put it mildly— Charles L.
Swem is the most noted stenographer
in the world today.

In all these arduous years he has
found time for other things. He is a
writer of articles on shorthand, and
it has been written in a prominent mo-
tion picture publication that he wrote
scenarios even while a student. Now
that the President is about to retire
from public life, Charles has found
many requesting his services. Indeed,
there are men to whom his knowledge
of statecraft would prove of value.
Business has beckoned to him. But
Mr. Swem is of a literary turn of
mind. He has chosen a rather happy
medium. He is to be the Managing
Editor of the Gregg Writer.

When one has done something
really worth while, he can select his
position. He does not need to look
for a job. In accepting this editorial
post, Mr. Swem has undoubtedly
made a wise choice. Here he can
direct the careers of thousands of
others who aspire to high positions.
Here he can instill into ambitious
young folks, the enthusiasm and love
of hard and intelligent work that pre-
pared him for the gre-atest steno-
graphic post in the world.

This is only the first chapter. The
complete history of "The Rise of
Charles L. Swem" is not yet written.

Rider College, Trenton, New Jersey.

The opportunity that was
open to Charles L. Swem is open
to every young and ambitious
person who will prepare to fill
such an eminent position as
Charles L. Swem has enjoyed
during the past eight years.

J* *y/u?*jtfuJS/i£JJ cdu&t/tr &

Online LibraryAuguste LutaudThe Business Educator (Volume 26) → online text (page 54 of 72)