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namental Penmanship. Name on one dozen cards. 35c.



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INVESTIGATE



I E* you were convin
■* absolutely legit
the United States Go

I C* you were shown that you could (

month and that you were secure.



k for literaturo. We

i. in. Address,

FAIRCROFT, Box 11 BE, Caanan, N.H.



The Ways and Means of Speech



By CARL MARSHALL



VI

Benefits From the Study of Word

Structures

Ordinary English words may be di-
vided into two great groups. The
first of these groups will consist of
what we may call common, every-day
words of one or two syllables, or
simple, understandable compounds
of these. This group will include all
the prepositions, pronouns, and con-
junctions with a considerable list of
one or two syllabled verbs, nouns,
adjectives and adverbs, — words that
belong mostly to our common, moth-
er-tongue English. The second
will consist of longer words, of three
or more syllables mostly derived from
Latin. Take up an ordinary news-
paper, magazine or school textbook,
and study, say, a column or a page
of it, listing all the different words
used by the writer, and you will find
that the words are divided about even-
ly between these two groups. In en-
larging our knowledge of English or
our proficiency in using it, it is, of
course, the second of these groups
that calls for study. Aside from the
ordinary requirements of grammar,
the first group of words give little
trouble.

It is a pity that the old-time sub-
ject of "Word Analysis" has tended
latterly, to be dropped from our
school curriculums. No one can ac-
curately use or even understand de-
rivative words unless he knows the
meaning and potency of their parts.
Without this knowledge, he is like
a would-be musician who can only
sing or play "by ear". Most of the
inaccurate or otherwise "sloppy" Eng-
lish that we so commonly encounter
nowadays, comes from people who do
not know words as they should.

Derivative words usually consist of
one or more stems, or roots, coupled
with a prefix or a suffix or both. There
an equal number of suffixes, the lit-
eral meaning and application of
which, every pupil of the grammar
grade should be required to know.
The task is not so very hard, and
with a live teacher before the class a
very pleasant one. There should also
be a methodical and careful study of
at least an equal number of roots de-
rived from the Latin and Greek. These
roots should be selected according to
the number of common derivatives
in which they severally occur. Be-
ware of attempting to learn too many
"f these roots, and especially those
that are to be found in only one or
ords in the language. A com-
mittee of competent educators, who
are also classical scholars and philolo-
could render a splendid service
to education by preparing such a list
of word-roots, for the u



ers, of elementary English through-
out the country. In the absence of
such a list, any enterprising teacher
of English might prepare a fairly
good list for himself, running through
the pages of a good abridged diction-
ary, or by making judicious selections
from the pages of any text on word
analysis.

Word study of this kind will won-j
derfully illuminate hundreds of words
whose meanings are very much
blurred in the average pupil's mind.
For example, take the word, avoca-
tion, which, in the mouths of many
people is used as though it were
vocation, the exact opposite of what
it really does mean, viz.; an employ-
ment quite apart from one's ordinary
calling, or vocation. In any library,
a number of books may usually bej
are about fifty of these prefixes and
found that deal with the subject ofj
misused words. From these, the!
teacher may select lists of good words)
for special study in connection with
the dictionary. In my opinion, this!
kind of work is of infinitely more ser-l
vice to the pupil than either grammar]
or spelling, as these subjects are us-l
ually taught.

There should also be much study]
of certain groups of words that are]
derived from given roots, noting the ■
influence of prefixes and suffixes, asl
well as the roots, on the meaning of 1
these words. In many cases it will
be found, to the keen interest of the
pupil, that the spelling as well as the
meaning and correct use of the word.
is determined by either the root or
the prefix or both. In the misspelling
of most of our commonly misspelled
words, there is an evident violation
of the structure of the word. Fori
example, Why is the word, separate 1
spelled with one p and an a in the
middle syllable? The prefix, se, apart
from, and parare, to appear, explain
it. There are some twenty odd de-
rivatives in English from the Latin
root, litera, a letter. All of them are
spelled with one t. A knowledge of
litera, not only throws light on the
meanings of these words, but it sup.
plies a REASON for the spelling. A
college man once confessed to me
that he could never remember which
had the doubled m, exclamatory or
inflammatory. His trouble with these
words ceased when it was suggested
that the one was derived from clamare
and the other from flamma. I was
once in the office of a scholarly west-
ern school superintendent, when I
friend called him to the telephone to
a^k him how the word, supersede
is spelled, "s u p e r c e d e", promptly
answered the superintendent.

"Are you sure of that Doctor?" I
asked.






^ r y/ur3ti//J/;uJJ&//ua/s/- *$>



25



\\ hy, isn't that right"?

"1 am afraid not; the word comes
from sedere, to sit," I suggested.

"Why, of course it does! What an
iss I am!"

When we show our boys and girls
that there is a reason for the spelling
of most words, and stop trying to
make spellers of them through mere
memory, we Shall have fewer poor
spellers.



art dealers placed on their wares to
show that they had not been repaired
or pieced out with wax, that is, were
what they were represented to be.

When word study is pursued in this
thorough and enlightening way, the
subject becomes not only highly val-
uable educationally, but vividly inter-
esting as well. And no teacher can
score much of a success in teaching
anything, unless he succeeds in mak-



The prefix as well as the root often ing that thing interesting to 'his pu-
Idetermines the spelling. Why should pils.

Ithere be two n's in annotate, and but

(one in aneroid? Or one p in apathy TRIBUTE TO E.M.HUNTSINGER

Mr. Huntsinger was one of my
warmest and most highly esteemed



and two in apparent? Or one 1
align and two in alliance? The pupil
who knows prefixes will not be both-
iered by these and hundreds of other
Isimilar spellings. He will learn that



friends. Ours was a friendship that
.-ontinued through many years. We
;xchanged very many letters, and while



the integrity of both the root and tlhe upon his numerous trips to the far west
prefix is nearly always preserved in he always mailed me cards containing



English derivatives, and that there is
always a doubled letter when the root
•begins with the same letter that ter-
minates the prefix, as in alliterate,
announce, applicant 'innuendo, im-
merse, etc.



attractive views of the many places
visited. Some pictures were made with
his own camera, for he was an expert
photographer. His last letter to me
was written April 22, only a few days
before his passing away. His death



But the influence of prefix, root and was a very great shock to me. It oc-
•suffix on the structure of words is curred May 17th.

much less important than the light After his retirement, some ten or
they throw on their meaning. How more years ago, he settled, for his clos-
vivid in meaning become the words, ing years, near the home of his youth
manual, manifest, manipulate, manu-
facture, etc., wthen we learn that all
come from manus, the hand! And the
■dullest student will be interested in
the root connection that joins suc'h
;words as annual, perennial, centennial,
and anniversity in one family. And



It was soon decided, however, that he
was just the man the community
needed. A man of his culture and
ability as an educator should be used.
Consequently he was drafted into ser-
vice as the Secretary of the School
Board, in which capacity he served



there are unique derivations that give most efficiently until his death.



d and even a humorous inter-
est to certain words, — for instance,
supercilious, which means, literally,
"a lifting of the eyebrows." Some
lexicographers assert tihat the fine
word sincere, comes from two Latin
\ words, sine, and cera (without wax),
iand had its origin in placards that



Mr. Huntsinger was distniguished as
a vigorous and successful teacher of
Penmanship and the Commercial
branches. He was a true friend and a
courteous Christian gentleman.

Although late, I beg to lay this little
rose upon his grave.

H. W. Flickinger, Glenolden, Pa.



ACCOUNTANCY

(Continued from page 23)

ary 1, 1921, A borrowed the sum of at which time it is estimated to have a

$50,000, bearing interest at the rate of scrap value of $10,000.

6%, which loan was repaid on Decern- Compute the carrying value of the
jber 31, 1922. The building which was building on January 1, 1923, assuming

erected was of a substantial type and that the building was ready for occu-
r has an estimated life of forty-five years, pancy on January 1, 1922.

Solution
Statement of Carrying Value of Building, January 1, 1923

Cost of construction $100,000

Add cost of clearing ground:

Removing old structures $ 3,000

Less salvage recovered 500 $ 2,500

Compensation, injury to workman 5,000 7,500

■ Interest on borrowed money during construction,

6% on $50,000 for one year 3,000

Cost of building to day of completion $110,500

Less Depreciation, one year, straight line method:

Original cost $110,500

Less salvage value 10,000

Total to be written off $100,500

Depreciation, one year, 1/45 2,233

CARRYING VALUE OF BUILDING, JANUARY 1, 1923 $108,267



Beautiful
Penmanship

Your name on one dozen cards, written
in my famous, dashing, Ornamental Style,
embellished in gold ink, for only 45 cents.

Flourished Cards, consisting of birds,
swans, scrolls, etc., in three different colors
.if ink. The kind that will act as an in-
centive to you. With or without name,
dozen, $1.75.

I will write your name on 12 cards in
Ornamental Penmanship, containing a flour-
ished bird and wonderful landscape views,
for the small sum of $2.00. This is really
fine art on small name cards.

Your name, executed in beautiful embel-
lished German Text Lettering, suitable for
framing. Price, $1.00. You will miss see-
ing many things if you do not order one
of these.

Six Handsome Bird Flourished Envelopes
with or without name and address, in var-
ious colored ink, for 3.00. This is the finest
that I can produce. Every one interested
in penmanship should possess a set of these
for his scrap-book.

A charming desgin in offhand flourishing
consisting of a tiger and snake, size 15x19.
This is something that will last a lifetime.
Suitable for framing. Price, $3.75.

Flourished Eagle. This is a large design
containing much grace and beauty, especially
adapted for framing, size 17x28. Price, $5.00.

My hand made alphabets are practical.

Broad Pen Gothic $1.50

Fine Pen Roman $1.25

German Text $2.00

Free Hand Gothic $1.00

Old English $3.00

They contain many helpful suggestions
for non-professionals doing Diploma work
and Engrossing.

Diplomas

An Announcement which concerns Prin-
cipals of Schools, Colleges and Universities.

If you are desirous of having the names
of the Graduates of your institution exe-
cuted in a manner commensurate with the
subject and the great occasion, patronize
one of the youngest acknowledged leading
fine Art Engrossers in America. Circular
sent on request to Principals.



ARTHUR P. MYERS,

Artist Penman

963 East Market St., York, Pa.




Please Act Promptly |^°"t?L__

of my 4 in. hoIderB for Christmas. Orders cannot be
satisfactorily filled if you wait too long. So please
act promptly. Prices on request.

Ri~* If'lWr' 701 Metropolitan Life Bldg.
• K~ IV.11^IVJ MINNEAPOLIS, MINN.



LEARN ENGROSSING

in your spare time at home.

Thirty Lesson Plates and Printed'
Instructions mailed to any ad-
dress on receipt of two dollars.
Cash or P. O. Money Order.

P. W. COSTELLO

Engrosser, Illuminator and Designer
Scranton Real Estate Bldg.. SCRAK10M, PA.



B. E. Ads. Bring Excellent Results





'^Mi^ywcm/Mw



A COLLEGE EDUCATION

AT HOME
You can earn a B. C. S., B. Accts., M.
Accts., Bachelor of Arts, Master of Pen-
manship, while teaching. Other college work.
Special Summer School for resident work.
Other courses including Salesmanship, Pub-
lic Speaking, High School, Accounting,
Short Story Writing, Poultry Culture, Phy-
sical Education, all taught by experts.

ADVISORY BOARD
Dr. Charles P. Steinmetz, Bernard Mac-
fadden, Elbert Hubbard II.
More calls for graduates than we can
supply. Tuition at cost. Personal atten-
tion. Standard textbooks. Write for in-
formation.

THE PEOPLES COLLEGE
Kansas City, Missouri



FOR SALE



FOR SALE



Educator. Columbus, Ohio.



climate, no competition. Can clear S5000 to $7000.
you want a little money maker and a luiure. ac: quick.
Addreaa MONEY PRODUCER
Care Bnsineaa Educator. Columbus. Ohio

W. W. Weaver, who attended the
Zanerian College of Penmanship in
1907 and who has been active in Pen-
manship Commercial Education since
that date, has returned to the Salem.
Ohio, Business College, where he has
charge of the Commercial Department.
He reports that the school is going
nicely with a fair enrollment. Mr.
Weaver is getting up a club for THE
BUSINESS EDUCATOR and from
the tone of his letter, and his skillful
signature, we are expecting a large list
and fine results from his classes.

C. W. A. Anderson, Wilton. X. D.. R.
R. No. 3, Box 64, writes that he has
been a subscriber to the Business Edu-
cator since the first issue in 1895.
Surely he has a collection which is
very valuable, for during the past
twenty-eight years the Business Edu-
cator has published work from all the
leading penmen in the country. Few
journals are preserved like the Business
Educator.



THE AMERICAN PENMAN


America's Handwriting Magazine


Devoted to Penmanship and Commercial


Education


Contains Lessons in



Lettering
KnarossiniS

Article* •>■■ the l.-n. I. i n u and
Supervision of Penmanship.

Yearly subscription price $1.26. Special club
rates to schools and teachers. Sample copies
sent on request.

THE AMERICAN PENMAN
30 Irving Place New York



ILLUMINATING

AND ENGROSSING

P. W. COSTELLO

Scranton, Pa.

The accompanying album page is not
too difficult for the student of Engross-
ing, and is offered as a specimen fully
warranted to satisfy the client who pre-
fers plain work or who can not afford
the cost of something more elaborate.
Of course, it will be understood that
all other pages of the album would be



engrossed in similar style to the one
herewith.

The lettering was all executed with
broad pens and waterproof India ink.
which may be secured from the Zaner
& Bloser Co. The brush shading was
very rapidly done with Payne's Gray
and lamp black mixed. Any ink other
than waterproof would be very likely
to run when touched with a wet brush
in applying the water color shading to
the display lines.

Album pages are made in various
sizes, but 7^x10 inches is a very ac-
ceptable size.



-^^ £ lTR(? members oft t[i<?=-



iJoari of directors



of rh



a WM




Western ftojlrqaij

^csir^o^G^rc^j^cir (fecj) sense- of Cos?
anS sorrow in Hie Semise of j-figin fcflouf

^Director an&'drhnd -




flfiloon

who passed pe acetu fly to fiis* vcwav6
at- fi is li omg m r(ic @jty o£5?cuAWL,
on fhe Tfoh'grti 6axi or September,
Nin eteen irfun6rc6_ anS Sicfileeiy
mgrgForg J be ih

■~3^c$otvc6 t -



Students should master simple work like
work. Study the pleasing general appeara



MEUB'S PROFESSIONAL OBLIQUE PENHOLDERS

Are Handmade, beautifully inlaid with the finest woods, and best of all, are properly adjusted
to make clear-cut shades. $1.25 postpaid to you. Yjur money back if not satisfied. —
A. P. MEUB, 2051 N. Lake Ave., Pasadena, Calif.



C&t4?'j6uj/n#jJ Cs/u&?6?- &



HIGH GRADE

Diplomas^
Certificates



ii



Catalog and San

HOWARD &

ROCKLAND


nples Free

BROWN

MAINE



addr



ses of the



TATEMENT OF THE OWNERSHIP
MANAGEMENT, CIRCULATION, ETC.
Required by the
Act of Congress of August 24. 1912
)f Business Educator, published Monthlyl ex-
ept Tulv and August at Columbus, Ohio, for
Jctober'l, 192 J.
State of Ohio I

bounty of Franklin i >?

Before me, a Notary Public in and for the
tate and county aforesaid, personally ap-
peared Arthur G. Skeeles, who. having been
luly sworn according to law, deposes and says
hat he is the editor of The Business Educa
or, and that the following is, to the best of
us knowledge and belief, a true statement of
he ownership, management (and if a daily
taper, the circulation), etc., of the aforesaid
mblication for the date shown in the above
:aption, required by the Act of August 24,
912, embodied in section 443, Postal Laws
,nd Regulations, printed on the reverse of this
orm, to wit :

1. That the nai
•ublisher, editor, r
less managers are
*ame of
Publisher, The Zaner Bloser Company,

612 N. Park St., Columbus, O.
Editor, E. W. Bloser,

612 N. Park St., Columbus.O.
Managing Editor, E. A. Lupfer,

12 X. Park St., Columbus.O.
Business Manager, None.

That the owners are: (Gi
iddresses of individual owners, or, il
>oration, give its name and the nar
iddresses of stockholders owning or
1 per cent or more of the total am
is they appear upon the books of the c
stock.)

ner-Bloser Company,

612 X. Park St.. Colin

612 N. Park St., Columbus, O.

612 N. Park St., Columbus, O.

612 X. Park St., Columbus, O.

612 N. Park St., Columbus, O.

612 N. Park St., Coli "

612 N. Park St., Colun

known bondholders,
gagees, and other security holdt
holding 1 per cent or more of total
of bonds, mortgages, or other securities are :
(If there are none, so state.)
None.

4. That the two paragraphs next above,
giving the names of the owners, stockholders,
ity holders, if any, contain not only
the list of stockholders and security holders
but also, in cases where the stockholder or
security holder appears upon the books of the
company as trustee or in any other fiduciary
relation, the name of the person or corpora-
tion for whom such trustee is acting, is given ;
also that the said two paragraphs contain
embracing affiant's full knowledge



Post Office Address



and



E. W. Bloser
R. E. Bloser
Rebecca Blose
Parker Bloser
E. A. Lupfer
R. B. Moore
That



npany



s, O.



nbus, O.



vnmg



nd belief



tin:.



to the
vhich



circumstance
stockholders
appear



and
. secu:



hold

hold stock
curities in a capacity other than t
bona fide owner; and this affiant has i
to believe that any other person, as
j or corporation hsa any interest direc
rect in ihe said stock, bonds, or other secun



ties tha



Tha



the a<
of thi:



ed by hii
bli" 1 "



of copii
old



distr



During the Past Season

We have placed teachers in these schools (which omits the splendid
list of high schools announced last month):

Nettleton Commercial College, Sioux Falls, S. D. ; Troy (N. Y.) School of Com-
merce- Kinyon Commercial School, Pawtucket, R. I.; Skidmore College, Saratoga
Springs N. Y.; Westbrook Commercial Academy, Olean. N. Y. ; Heald's Business
College San Jose, Calif.; Dickinson Seminary. Williamsport, Pa.; State Normal
School. Indiana. Pa.; Mid-Pacific Institute. Honolulu; Fisher Business College.
Somerville Mass.; Union Institute, Cleveland; Detroit Commercial College; Bliss
Business College, North Adams. Mass.; Brown's Business College. Kankakee, 111.;
Upsala College, Kenilworth, N. J.

Other good openings have been reported all fall. May we help you?

The NATIONAL COMMERCIAL TEACHERS' AGENCY

E. E. GAVLORD. Manager (A Specially by a Specialist) Prospect Hill. Beverly. Ma.8.



Teachers Wanted

Penmanship or Commercial. Fine Salaries.

NATIONAL TEACHERS AGENCY,

Philadelphia. Pa.
Pittsburgh. Pa. Syracuse. N. Y.

Indianapolis, lnd. Northampton. Mass.



FOR SALE



w



ELL equipped



WANTED

Man and wife competent to handle all ■-«* «.-

cial subjects (Gregg Shorthand, and 20th Cen-
tury Bookkeeping) in an up-to-date business
school in Florida. Prefer southerners. Give
ages, experience, and all other information in
first letter. Man to be excellent penman.
Apply in own handwriting and send specimens.
Address J. W. M., care Business Educator,
Columbus, Ohio.



Business college in the southwest for sale
at about one-half inventory. Center of logi-
cal territory of three hundred thousand with-
out competition. Owner needs all his time
promoting patents. A big field
advertiser. Cash or Payments.



dress Bo



81.



Bus



Educator, Co-



nbus, Ohit



POSITIONS FOR TEACHERS-
BUSINESS COLLEGES FOR SALE

Splendid salaries, choice positions, beginning and experienced teachers wanted.
Write for free literature: state qualifications briefly. Money making business
colleges for sale. Write for particulars — no charge.
Address M. S. COLE, Secretary,

CO-OPERATIVE INSTRUCTORS' ASSOCIATION, 41 Cole Bldg., MARION, IND



Teachers of Bookkeeping and Penmanship,
We Can Place You!

Never before in the history of our organization has there been such a
demand on us for competent teachers of Bookkeeping and Penmanship.
We are being called on almost every day to make recommendations for
positions of this nature, offering salaries ranging from $125 to $250 per
month. If you are without employment at this time or are seeking a better
paying place, let us bring some of these openings to your attention. No
obligation unless you accept a place through us. Write us today!

CONTINENTAL TEACHERS' AGENCY

BOWLING GREEN KENTUCKY



igh the mails or othe
subscribers during the six months preceding
the date shown above is (This information is
required from daily publications only).

E. \\\ BLOSER. Editor.
Sworn to and subscribed before me this
17th day of September, 1923.

EARL A. LUPFER, Notary Public.
(My commission expires January 11, 1926.)



Meet Us in Chicago!

Attend the National Commercial Teachers'
Federation convention in Chicago, December
25-29. See us at our exhibit s-.pace in Hotel
Sherman. Good positions for commercial teach-
ers in leading business colleges, high schools,
and universities will be listed with us. Em-
ployers, tell us your needs. See us in Chicago,
or write for any information desired.

THE SPECIALISTS' EDUCATIONAL BUREAU




ROBERT A. GRANT, President,



ODEON BLDG., ST. LOUIS. MO.



28



<%te>5tiuJ//u&i cMucafir &



■g



Going Into Business ^

T»„ M M H11VUPP ^^



By M. N. BUNKER

President, The Peoples College, Ka



CHAPTER IV
SERVICE

The old saying that "He who would
be served must hrst serve" is a test you
must apply to yourself in considering
your preparation for business for your-
self, and in your relation with your em-
ployer. If you are to be a successful
employer, you must first have been em-
ployed. You must learn to take orders.
You must learn to accept authority — to
do what you are told, as you are told,
even if the work to be done is not to
your liking. The successful man does



Online LibraryAuguste LutaudThe Business Educator (Volume 29) → online text (page 24 of 62)