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decided to go into business — to belong
to the class that sign the pay checks,
but the one was prepared, the other
unprepared. One of them was a man
who should have decided to work for
another or have first developed those
personal qualities, and secured the busi-
ness preparation, that are so essential
in making a successful fight to organ-
ize and develop a business. The suc-
cessful man possessed the foundation,
and kept building, all the while paying
the price for his success.

As a successful man he is getting
his reward. He is financially far ahead
of where he would have been as an
employee. His family is reaping the
rewards of his earlier efforts; he has
established a business and has put
something of his life and ideas into
lasting form, but it has cost him far
more effort than he would have had to
expend as a salaried man. He has had
his risks — weeks when he could not see
the way to meet his bills; times when
he had to borrow every dollar that he
could. There have been times when
he had to do without a cold drink on a
hot day because the nickel or the dime
was needed in the business. He has
paid the price by doing without, many

,J/di ^Jtu//ujj Cduta6r- &


times, what he would have considered
ordinary comforts or necessities if he
had been drawing a salary. But now,
as a successful man, he is able to afford
what he wants; he can buy the best,
and that liberally. He is getting his
reward for the risks, while the salaried
man has his savings — nothing more.
When he is dead and gone his friends
will speak well of him, but he has made
no lasting print in the business world.
He has followed after, subject to the
will of the man who risked.

You must answer your own ques-
tion — What of the future? Are you
going to plan now for a business of
your own? Are you looking forward
to the time when you will sign the pay
checks — when business men will meet
you as another business man?

A story is told of Charles M. Schwab
during the days when he was begin-
ning as an employee of Andrew Car-
negie. One day the latter thought that
young Schwab seemed down-hearted,
and he asked him, "Charlie, what's
wrong? Are you sick, or do you want
your pay raised?" Quick as a shot the
answer came back, "No sir, it isn't my
pay. I want to be your partner. That's
what I'm working for." You know the
outcome for Schwab, and you may
count on getting just- as satisfactory
results for yourself, if you decide that
you want to strike out for yourself. It
is not going to be an easy road, there
are going to be long, hard pulls up
steep grades, and times when you will
find bitter lessons to be learned, but if
you find that you want to qualify for
the race, as these qualifications are out-
lined in the following chapters, you can
be sure of one result — FINAL SUC-


(Continued from page 27)

and take notice. Ten minutes later,
all New York, Jersey City, Hoboken,
Weehawken, Union Hill and Brooklyn
was sitting up and taking notice or
getting out of bed and into the cellar
to escape the rain of flying missiles
that fairly filled the heavens. Shrap-
nel soared a thousand feet in air and
burst with loud reports, sending a rain
of golden sparks like those of a rocket,
only those sparks were bits of steel
which did not run off your umbrella
like rain drops when they came down.
For more than two hours the terrific
bombardment continued from fire mil-
lion dollars worth of high explosives.
Dynamite, gunpowder, T. N. T., gun-
cotton, continued to go off with thun-
derous reports that were heard in six
different states. Philadelphia, ninety
miles away, got it plainly; Baltimore,
further on, heard the roll of distant
thunder for two solid hours. All up
through the Connecticut Valley as far
as Springfield, everybody was asking
where the earthquake was. Forty
thousand tons of sugar sweetened the
waters of the sea around Black Tom's
Island, twenty thousand bales of to-
bacco gave a nice smoke after the
sweetening, thirteen great warehouses
of brick and stone were crumbled into

ruins, eighty-five loaded freight cars
wen- blown to flinders and four great
barges, loaded with explosives of all
kinds, ready to be towed down the next
morning to the ocean-going steamers
of the Allies, were let loose and floated
down the harbor, bombarding Gover-
nor's Island and Fort William, Ellis
Island where the immigrants thought
they were getting a warm welcome
from the land of liberty and peppering
the tall goddess herself, as she raised
her torch, more than a hundred feet
in air on Bedloe's Island.

Some Queer Incidents
There were some queer things hap-
pened that night. An inspector of the
Lehigh completely vanished from the
place where he stood, leaving just some
scraps of leather of his shoes; the man
was blown to nothingness.

Handsome Harry Doherty, as the
girls called him, was a policeman over
in Jersey City, noted for his neat dress
and fine personal appearance. He was
walking on one of the piers opposite
Black Tom's Island, doing night duty,
when the fireworks went off. The pier
flew up from under him, turned Harry
upside down and shot him head first
into the river. When he came out all
the clothes he had on was the waist-
zand of his police trousers and the
shirt-tail; everything else was gone.

Over in Hoboken, John Pavleski and
Mary Walewski, both from Poland,
were married that evening, and after
the dance with liquid refreshments
which lasted till past midnight, the
bridal party with friends sat down to
a supper in a large upper room of a
restaurant. When the explosion came,
the soup was distributed all over the
rom, the table with the dishes turned
the other side up, most of the chairs
went out through the windows taking
the windows with them, and waiters
and the wedding guests went away
from there, but John and Mary sat
calmly on, in their wedding clothes,
each in the chair they had taken and
neither of them turned a hair. They
said, "One must expect little jars in
married life."

Over on Union Hill an old lady who
had been very deaf for years, went to
bed at the usual time, but the continued
bang-bang-bang of high explosives on
the island only a short distance away
finally waked the old lady up just as
her servant girl in her nightie came
tearing into the room to tell her that
the world was coming to an end. The
old lady said, "Norah, I believe my
hearing is improving. I heard you
knock and I haven't heard you knock
before for vears."

Up in Tarrytown, old Johnny Rocke-
feller hopped out of bed nimbly and
called up the New York Tribune to
know where the earthquake was. Over
on Governor's Island a young fellow
at the switchboard in headquarters, got
a shower of inquiries from every
woman and most of the men on the
island to know what was the matter.
He said to each one calmly, "Oh,
nothing at all, madam, just a few ex-
plosives they are letting off on Black
Tom's Island, that's all," while at the

same time bullets from shrapnel were
chipping the bricks just outside and
occasionally one shattered a square of
glass in the window. Down on Ellis
Island the immmigrants saw an amaz-
ing thing: Out of the lurid heavens,
lit up by the glare of the continued ex-
plosions and the fire on the island,
there came raining down a great
shower of fleece-lined trench overcoats,
hundreds of them, right out of the sky.
They really didn't need them in July
but doubtless they would come in
handy next winter. They were prob-
ably stored in one of the warehouses
and the explosion hurled them a thous-
ant feet in air, the bundles burst and
they landed on Ellis Island.

It was a lively night, as Charlotta
Duprez had said: There were some
fireworks on the island of Black Tom,
"you betcha-my-life".

Of course, the newspapers and every-
body else said it was the Germans that
did it. It was the opinion of Anthony
Gerard that some kind of infernal ma-
chine had been smuggled into a car at
Hopewell or somewhere along the line
betwen that point and Black Tom's
Island, where the Lehigh left the cars,
but if there was an infernal machine
it was probably "up among the little
stars sailing round the moon." At any
rate, it was never shown that Germans,
Anarchists, I. W. W. or anybody else
touched off the fuse that give New
York the finest display of fireworks
and the most expensive it had ever
seen. More than a million dollars worth
of plate glass windows were shattered
in the down-town section of the city.
It was fortunate that the explosion
took place at 2 A. M. instead of 2
P. M. It it had been at the latter
hour the loss of life would have been
frightful. Many people thought that
British destroyers were attacking the
German submarine Bremen, just out-
side the three-mile limit, but no fleet
would ever have made the racket that
was kicked up that night around New
York Bay.

oJpecial attention given
~6o reproduction of Script
and Penmanship Copies

c Ihe ^Ierr^y

Engraving Co.



(S Illustrators

Columbus, Ohio

'5&te3$uJS/uul cW/ua/sr* &

fU a meeHuQ of

ftheluratartiicn of iJeuiier

UclCt tmlUcu-uesrjcm, l)ovembcr"2,K>2r.
Hie fc»Uounm\ Prcaiublc anMu\$r»luHons
were unanimous lij aoopki*:
Whereas. Jt lias pleas*b Ultniflkhj
Ui)il in His infinite uiisftonj, :ta remove
fro it) our n)i5st our psteejtjj^ associate


)ln6 Whereas, IPc who were so picas-
ai)Hu associated with bin) it) the activi-
ties of business, ocsirc to express to l)is
bereave b wife, bis sorrowina associates
antf friends, our ^cartrclt spt)pa^;
4l;ereforc, be it Kc$oluc5, l)at we tjcre
bv express our keep appreciation of l)is
untirit)9 efforts for bis business, bis

frierjbs, M)b bis community, ayb for tl)c
matureb jubanjcijt tbat was of itjestim-
able value to deliberation-* for t!)e better-
ment ot tbe city apd more especially to
tbe lumber interests.

His aentte matter, bis I'becrful dis-
position and bis riaid intcarity brouabt-
tl)f abtt)iration or* all wbo knew bim and
endeared bitn b bis associates and ft
laro,e circle of fri cvos.

Kc5l)l\icb, (Tbat copies of these resolu-
tions be ei)a,ro55eb at)d_ presented to bis
sorroun'naunfe and to Ube Hal lack and

Hnumr& Cumber iforopany. of wln'cb be

mas President, as a testimonial of our

sincere cnnbolepce.

(I()e Cuu)beni)iU) of Denver.

A splendid study in simple en-
grossing by Norman Tower of the
Barnes Commercial School, Denver,
Colorado. Many customers desire
very simple work, and it should be
mastered before attempting more
elaborate designs.

Take a sheet of paper 10x16 inches
and fold it in the center the short
way. Work on the first and third
pages only. Rule margin lines about
l l /2 to 2 inches from the edge of the
paper. On a piece of scrap paper
letter carefully one line the size and

length of the finished work. From this
you can tell exactly how much type-
written matter (usually the copy you
receive from a customer is type-
written) it will take to make a line
of lettering and the total number of
lines. When you discover the num-
ber of lines, allowing for headings
and signatures, you can divide up
your space for that number of lines
and fix your margins so that it will
occupy the desired number of pages.
Be careful to get a nice solid appear-
ance on the page — not too crowded
nor too scattered.

First determine the important

things to lie emphasized. The name
of the deceased and the party or con-
cern giving the resolution should
stand out most conspicuously. Other
subheadings help to make the pages
more attractive. Avoid too many
or your work will look broken and

The headings are usually lettered
larger than the body and are shaded
or ornamented as desired. See how
many different ways you can treat
headings and still keep them in har-
mony with the body. Copy head-
ings from various engrossers.

E. A. Lupfer.

All who appreciate fine bird flourish-
ing will be pleased to have the oppor-
tunity of securing the latest recreation
from the pen of that well known pen-
man and artist, A. W. Dakin. This
new design is flourished on blue paper
i nblack, white and gold ink, and is an
unusually effective piece of work. We
prized so highly the one we received
that we immediately Had it framed, and
it now hangs on our walls where it is
greatly admired. Mr. Dakin's adver-
tisement appears alsewhere in our


Normal, High School, Business, Law, Engineering and
College Courses leading to the regular College and Post
Graduate degrees thoroughly taught by mad. Now iB


Excellent small college. Step in at once and
ce money. Unusual bargain. Write OWNER,
iiness College, Vancouver, Wash.


The Money Makers' Magazine — "The Main Entrance to
Successful Selling." Tells how, when and what to sell.
Pots you in touch with fastest selling lines and hundreds
of reliable manufacturers — many of whom require no
previous experience. Famous contributors; "brass
tacks" departments; interviews with successful men and
women. J2.0H a year. Special combination nrice with
"The Business Ei~

both for $2.25.

Department B. E., 22 W. Monroe St., Chicago, Illii






The Eternal Ink is for gen-
eral writing in plain or foun-
tain pens.

The Engrossing Ink is for
special writing, engrossing,

These inks write black from the
pen point and stay black forever:
proof to age, air, sunshine, chemi-
cals and t-re.

.11 Dealers Generally



Anabel Read Scott, principal of En-
canto School, Encanto, California, one
of ; In' student s in i mi I i .1 1 espondence
Course, writes as follows: "File criti-
1 isms .hi tiic sheet returned to me from
lesson one, I found to In- very helpful
and already my class is improving in


Learn to letter Price Tickets and Show Cards. It is easy to do RAPID. CLEAN CUT LETTERING with our Im-
proved Lettering Pens. MANY STUDENTS AUK ENABLED I'll Oi'N'l IM I I'll EI K SI I' Id I S INK II THE

MERCHANT. OUTSIDE OF SCHOOL HOI'RS Practical lettering ., lit lit consisting of :: Marking and 3 Shading

lS.1 COlor, ,f Lettering Ink. »11111| '"


LJ Mark Catalogue free.

Led Show Card" in colors, e
,r the Marking and Shadir
Dept. B. I'ONTIAC. MICH.. U. S. A.

, prepaid. One Dollar.

&/te&u&'/i£j^&dtua/h~ &

Schools and School Men

T. B. Cain, who recently purchased
the West Virginia Business College,
Clarkshurg, West Virginia, favored us
with a copy of his school paper called
"Evidence". A. E. Lawrence is teacher
in Bookkeeping and Accounting in this
school and was one of our friends when
he was taking his course in Bliss Busi-
ness College, Columbus. Mr. Cain re-
ports an unusually large attendance for
the summer school and splendid pros-
pects for the coming year.


Teacher of Commercial subjects.
Address Boyd Commercial School,
St. Petersburg, Florida.

Teachers Wanted

Penmanship or Commercial, Fine Salaries.


Philadelphia. Pa.


Advertising plan for Business Col-
lege. Fifty different Ads. with one-
column electros. Cost $122. First $40
takes it. Address, James O. Stephenson,
868 King Place, Chicago.

FOB SALE. An engrossing and il-
luminating' business in a large eastern
city, paying 33,000 to $4,000 a year.
Establishd over thirty years. Address
Bducator, Columbus, Ohio.



(Formerly the Stenographer & Phonographic Worldl

A monthly journal covering all depart-
ments of Commercial Education
Strong- departments for teachers of
commercial subjects, shorthand, pen-
manship, accountancy, and business
administration; students; stenograph-
ers; bookkeepers; general office clerks;
private secretaries; public account-
ants; court and general reporters;
and office executives.

Special features in every issue.


Singlecopy 15c: Subscription $1 .SO a year

Send for Sample Copy


44 N. 4th St. Philadelphia, Fa.

S. M. Funk, Hagerstown, Md., is send-
ing out a very creditable school jour-
nal setting forth the advantages offered
in commercial subjects by the Columbia
College, of which he is president and
proprietor. He has made it attractive
with numerous specimens of penman-
ship, penmanship headings, etc. Mr.
Funk is a skillful penman and is an all-
round commercial teacher and commer-
cial college man, and is deserving of
the success he is achieving.


Business College, completely equip-
ped, excellentlv located. California
Bug got owner. $4,000 to $5,000 yearly
to good man. Bargain, demands im-
mediate action. Write for particulars.
Address. Marquette Business College,
Marquette, Michigan.

Professional Penmen

D. A. O'Connell, Penman, LeSueur,
Minn. Signatures a specialty. Sam-
ples 20c.

H. J. WALTER, Penman

Studio No. 2. 313 Fort St.. Winnipeg, Canada

ENGKSSING and Penwork of every description.
Illuminated Addresses, Diplomas and Certificates
filled. Script for Business Colleges and Commercial

Business Penmanship by Correspondence Course.
Written Visiting Cards. 3 doz. $1.00. YOUR NAME
in choice Illuminated Script. $1.00.
I am confident I can please you.


Drawer 982, Rochester, N. Y.

The finest script for engraving purposes, suitable for
Bookkeeping Illustrations, etc.

Mills' Perfection Pen No. 1, a pen for fine business writing.
1 gross by mail, S.25. Mills Business Writer Ho. 3, the beet for
strong business writing, 1 gross by mail, $1.25.

Student! oi Panmanship and Penmanship Supemsort should attend
the Mills Summer School of Penmanship at the Rochester
Business Institute during the month of July. Informa-
tion upon reqDeat.

AN ORNAMENTAL STYLE. My course in Urnnmental
Penmanship has helped hundreds become PROFESSION-
ALS. Send for proof. Your name on six styles of cards
if yon send luc. A. P. MEUB. Expert Penman, 2051
N. Lake Ave.. Pasadena, Cat.

Carving and Gouging
on Cards

Three beautiful specimens for 25c. postpaid.

28054 South Fourth St. Columbus, Ohio


Dries with a rich black gloss but has a
fine black hair line. Flows almost like
fluid ink. Sample 2-oz. bottle, postpaid,
25 cents.

W. H. Martindill is now teaching pen-
manship and commercial branches in
Metropolitan Business College, 37 S.
\\ abash Ave., Chicago.

A. W. Cooper, formerly of Mt. Vernon,
Washington, is now assistant manager
and teacher of bookkeeping in the
Capital Business College, Salem, Ore-
gon. W. I. Staler, President.

F F PERSONS p,nm ' ,n » h 'p a ii»t

Cards Neatly Written

Ornamental 25c a dozen

Script 35c a dozen

Send 30c for sample of both styles. All
communications cheerfully answered.


1816 Buchanan St. Topeka, Kans.


Thirty Lesson Plates and Printed
Instructions mailed to any ad-
dress on receipt of two dollars.
Cash or P. O. Money Order.


Engrosser. Illuminator and Designer
Scranlon Real Eslale Bide SCRANION. P«


A new design, flourished on blue paper 9x15 inches,
in black, white and gold ink. Gotten up especially
for those who wish to collect the world's best in
high class, ornate penmanship. Price $1.60


to get
of my 4-inch
holders. Without question it is the handiest,
strongest and best oblique holder made. Prices
quoted on request.

* 7


Free! Free! Free!

If you order one of the Madarasz
Books on ornamental penmanship
which contains 32 pages of the very
finest specimens of penmanship ever
offered for sale. I will give you your
choice of one of four 32 page books

C.W.JONES, 224 Main St., Brockton, Mass.


Are Handmade, beautifully inlaid with the finest woods, and best of all, are properly adjusted
to make clear-cut shades. $1.25 postpaid to you. Your money back if not satisfied. —
A. P. MEUB, 2051 N. Lake Ave., Pasadena, Calif.

There are many penholders on the market; but the MAGNUSSON PROFES-
SIONAL is the only penholder that has won its reputation on its own merit for
ornamental writing. The thin stem which is so desirable cannot be made success-
fully with an automatic lathe, therefore they are HAND MADE of selected rosewood. (Look for the
brand.) The A. "Magnusson Professional" hand turned holders are adjusted specially for penmanship.
8 inch plain, each 35c; 8 inch inlaid, 75c; 12 inch plain. 75c; 12 inch inlaid. $1.35.


>y/u <3tittj//ujj Ct6ua/rr* &


Copy and Instructions by

E. A. LUPFER, Zanerian College of Penmanship

Columbus, Ohio

The three capital letters in this les-
son are quite generally considered a
little more difficult than most of the
letters given in the preceding lessons.
In order to make this lesson well, be
sure that you have good material such
as pens, ink and paper, and that your
holder has been adjusted especially for

The letter S is made with one stroke
without raising the pen. Before at-
tempting to practice on the letter, look

at the copy carefully. Analyze it and
be sure that you understand definitely
the form of the letter. The beginning
oval is not quite horizontal. It slants
up at a slight angle. Study the com-
pound curve in the downward stroke.
Notice the dot is up off the base line.
There is a lot of grace in this letter
when properly made. Be sure that you
get the beginning oval shaped cor-

The letter L is the same as the S

with the exception of the loop and fin-
ish at the base line. Notice the deli-
cate little shade at the top of the lower
loop. This is put on last. The shade
on the beginning oval is also retouched
and built up in real fine, careful work.

The beginning oval and loop of the
G are about the same as on the S and
L. Notice the direction of the begin-
ning oval. Notice also the slant and
slight curve of the shade in the loop.
A common tendency is to curve the
shade in the loop too much. Get a
snappy, graceful compound curve rest-
ing on the base line.

Keep on practicing and studying
roundhand, for when you become skill-
ful you can readily sell your work at
high prices.

One word in the plate is misspelled.
See why in October issue.

=us ^Jy tzy Jyy ^£y Jyy' jy ^£awxaA£^lujmd0?z/l^^
Zy \y l? ^/ l1 ^/ & z^tmvnjpr-' ^feermwc&mrfcmJ



The practical typewriter was born in
Ilion, Herkimer County, New York,
September 12th, 1873, and Herkimer
County is going to celebrate the semi-
centennial of the event this fall. In this
connection the Herkimer County His-
torical Society has prepared for distri-
bution "The Story of the Typewriter,"
a 142 page book, attractively printed
and bound and profusely illustrated.

The great things in business and
social life that may be properly credited
to the writing machine are taken up in
chronological order in the book. The
story is one full of early struggles, dis-
appointments, strong faith and final
triumph. The following is a brief sum-
mary of the "high spots" in the type-
writer's history:

The practical typewriter was in-
vented by Christopher Latham Sholes,
a printer by trade, born in Columbia
County, Pa., in 1819. The first model
was completed in 1867. It was a crude
piece of apparatus, but it wrote rapidly
and accurately.

The typewriter and the telephone
appeared at about the same time, and
both were first brought prominently to
the attention of the people at the Phila-
delphia Centennial Exposition in 1876.
Neither was then recognized as one of
the two most important exhibits of
the exposition.

The writing machine was achieved
through a process of evolution. Henry
Mill, an English engineer, received a
patent from Queen Anne for such a
machine in 1714, and between that time
and the appearance of the first prac-
tical model, a number of inventors had
labored upon the idea.

Sholes' experience as a printer and

Online LibraryAuguste LutaudThe Business Educator (Volume 29) → online text (page 6 of 62)