Auguste Lutaud.

The Business Educator (Volume 30) online

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Entered at Post Office, Columbus, Ohio, as second class matter.


Business Schools Everywhere

are adopting for instruction
purposes the latest Remington
Model— the new Quiet 12.

Never before — since the
founding of the typewriter in-
dustry — has a new model of a
writing machine won such im-
mediate popularity with both
teachers and students.

The triumph of the Quiet 12
Remington in the schools par-
allels its triumph in the busi-
ness world — and is due to the
same causes. To understand

these causes, it is enough to sit
down before this new Reming-
ton and try it yourself. Then
you will realize that here is a
typewriter possessing an all-
around efficiency far surpassing
any of the standards to which
you have been accustomed.
These remarkable results have
been obtained through many
refinements of construction
which combine to make the op-
eration of the machine simpler
and quieter, and the day's work
easier, bigger and better.

Remington Typewriter Company, 374 Broadway, New York

Branches Everywhere



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We also have:

Office Dictation

Letter Writing fer the Business

Marshall's Method of Thrift

Bavley-Creenwood Penmanship


New Model Arithmetic
Effective English and Letter

Ellis Method of Home Accounting
Modern Banking


Ellis Rational Speller
Ellis Rapid Calculation
Vocabulary Method of Training

Touch Typists
Accuracy Plus

(Advanced Typewriting)
Expert Dictation
Ellis Method of Farm Accounting
Essentials of Commercial Law
Ellis Business Correspondence
Principles of Bookkeeping
New English System for New

American Citizens


Educational Publisher!


! America's Most Popular
gj^ School Pen


Esterbrook No. 556






This pen is more widely used

than any other in our schools,

ffl 1 because of its fine point and easy,

K9I elastic action; also because it is

JO| made by America's oldest and

largest steel pen manufacturer.




"100 Famous Signatures"

Send 15 cents for the 12 most popular

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IV let, containing the autographs of 100

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1 Esterbrook Pen Mfg. Co.

Canadian Agents: The Brown Bros Ltd., Toronto

Metropolitan New Edition

_ . By U. C. Potter

Business /*<*.-,,/«, h,-,as c w



Over 6000 words. New lessons containing words pertaining
to Aeroplanes, Radio. Automobiles, etc. Complete Index, 244
pages, attractive binding, 50 cents.

A Superior Speller

Twofold Design. In the preparation of the Metropolitan
Business Speller we had constantly in mind two objects: first,
to teach the pupil to spell, and second to enlarge his vocabulary,
especially of words in general use.

Classification of Words. As an aid to the memory we have
classified words, as regards sounds, syllabication, accents and
meaning. . We have grouped the words relating to each par-
ticular kind of business into lessons, by which the student is
enabled to familiarize himself with the vocabulary of that busi-
ness. We have interspersed miscellaneous exercises in the
nature of reviews. We have grouped words that can best be
learned by comparison, such as Stationery and Stationary.

Abbreviations of states, months, railways and commercial
terms are given in regular lesson form, and grouped alphabeti-
cally. We regard abbreviating of almost equal importance
with spelling.

Syllabication and pronunciation arc shown by the proper divi-
sion of words, and the use of the diacritical marks. The words
are printed in bold type, and the definitions in lighter face, so
as to bring out the appearance of the word, — an aid in sight

System of

New Edition

W. A. Sheaffer

You Will Like It. The text emphasizes the thought side of
the subject. It stimulates and encourages the reasoning power
of the pupil. Pupils acquire a knowledge of the subect as well
as facility in the making of entries. It is a thoroughly seasoned,
therefore accurate, text supported by complete Teachers' Refer-
ence Books, and Teachers' Manual.

Parts I and II text is an ele
school in which the subject i
required in High Schools and
in more intensified courses.

entary course suitable for any
taught. Two semesters are
correspondingly shorter time

Parts III and IV text is suitable for an advanced course
following any modern elementary text. We make the statement
without hesitation, that this is the most teachable, moat up-to-
date, and strongest text published for advanced bookkeeping and
elementary a v counting use.

Corporarion-Mfg. -Voucher unit is bound in heavy paper covers
and contains all of Part IV. It is a complete course in Cor-
poration accounting including instructions, set of transactions,
exercises, problems, etc. It is without doubt the best text for
this part of your accounting course. List prices, Text, 120
pages, 40 cents. Supplies, including Blank Books and Papers,
95 cents.

EXAMINATION COPIES will be submitted upon request.


Text* for Commercial Subjects


<56u?c38uJSnGL> &t6u*i/sr &


Bookkeeping and Accounting

A strictly new course just off the press, combining Book'
keeping, Business Practice and Banking. Makes individual
instruction a pleasure. Exceedingly interesting to the student

Three Systems

ACTUAL BUSINESS (with offices)
FOLDER (like above, without offices)

For High Schools, Business Schools or any institution
teaching Bookkeeping. Text and outfit sent to teachers for
examination. Mention school connection.



Prepare for

Court Reporting

Gregg School gives instruction and
practice which exactly meets the needs
of stenographers and others desiring
to become court reporters.

This department is in charge of
experienced and expert instructors.
Our graduates are eminently success-
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There are classes at all times suitable
to every stage of previous preparation.
Progress is individual. Therefore,
students may enter at any time with
equal advantage.

Write today for catalogue.


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In 30 to 60 Days

ACCREDITED by Hundreds of Successful Writ-
ers and many GOOD Schools teach it.

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PROGRESS of Karam Shorthand has been
greater in three years than that of the old systems
in their first fifteen years.

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Teachers of Typewriting!


Has the teaching of typewriting become an art-
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proved by all progressive teachers who know of it
will prove a revelation to you.

Entire keyboard mastered in less than five hours,
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Washington, D. C.

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Real Secretaries
in Demand

The almost universal use of the term "secretary" has placed an additional obliga-
tion on the school. What are we doing to make the training measure up to the term —
to make it fit the business man's conception of what it should connote? The answer
has been found by the hundreds of schools that have adopted


Their enthusiastic endorsement of the results in interest, in broader training, in the
development of secretarial technique, in appreciation of what the training means to students,
leaves no doubt of its value in stenographic training.

Secretarial Studies helps students enter a field of new achievement. It converts the
tool subjects of shorthand and typewriting into instruments of broader, more valuable ser-
vice. It promotes progress.

Secretarial Studies takes up the work in stenographic training where it usually stops —
and finishes the course. The laboratory problems develop knowledge of business along with
technical secretarial skill.

The introduction of Secretarial Studies will achieve three definite goals:

1. Increase shorthand and typing skill.

2. Give students accurate knowledge and capacity to meet successfully the
secretarial problems that arise in business.

3. Give students power — the ability to apply principles to specific problems.

Let us tell you how easily Secretarial Studies may be added to your course with ad-
vantage all around. Secretarial-trained stenographers are in demand.



6 ** ,3?u?>3$uJt/iatt&6uv/sr &


By John B. Opdycke


Blo>yi^7gp>feREE3vt Kv>

March 28, 1924.

Mr. Clarence A. Pitman,
2- West 45th Street,
New York City.

Dear Mr. Pitman:

Your letter under date of March 18th has been referred
to me as I am in charge of the class which is using
Mr. Opdycke's BUSINESS LETTER PRACTICE. I have been
using this text only ten weeks and I started using it
only after a very careful examination Of its contents.
I find it to be unusually well suited to our needs. We
wanted a text-book that would combine a certain amount
of theory with a great deal of practice. The excellent
examples and illustrations which this book contains and
the interesting way in which the subject is presented
enables me to hold the attention of the students in a
class in which students many times are not interested.

I think one of the greatest compliments that can be
paid the book is that out of sixty students in the last
cless I had, only one wanted to sell his book. These
people are going out to positions as bookkeepers and
stenographers and other office positions and they have
seen how much good they may get out of this book if
they keep it on their desks. It gives me great pleasure
to 6ay these few words concerning it.

Respectfully yours,




Cloth ; gilt lettering back and side ; 5S2 pages. Price $2. 50

ISAAC PITMAN & SONS, 2 West 45th Street, NEW YORK





Mr. Cragin has been in the hospital
since July 1st, where he underwent a
serious operation. Friends and read-
ers of his interesting stories in the
Business Educator will anxiously await
news of his recovery, which up to the
present, has not been as rapid as it
should have been. His plans to write
about the late W. E. Dennis, one of his
boyhood friends, had to be postponed.


We have a large number of copies of
back numbers of THE BUSINESS
EDUCATOR which we shall be glad
to send to any teacher or clubber to
assist in raising clubs. Now is the time
to get your students interested in the
B. E. Let us know how many back
numbers you can use.

It is only through your cooperation
that we are able to reach the students
who really need the work given in the
Educator. Get them interested in the
Educator and see the results.


In this issue we are beginning a
course in business writing by James E.
Brown. It has been a delightful sur-
prise to us. The instructions are clear,
interesting and to the point. The cop-
ies are carefully graded and well writ-
ten,' and the presentation as a whole
show's that Mr. Brown ranks at the top
as a teacher of rapid, practical business

Get your pupils interested in this

A circular has been received from the
department of Penmanship, Designing,
Show Card Writing, Art and Cartoon-
ing of the Tyler Commercial College,
Tyler, Tex. This department is headed
by W. A. Botts, the well-known pen-
man and cartoonist.

The circular is very attractively illus-
trated, showing the high class of work
being done in that institution. Un-
doubtedly Mr. Botts will be able to
develop a very large special penman-
ship department. The Business Edu-
cator wishes him success.


The Fredonia, N. Y., Censor of July
16 contained the news of the death of
that veteran penman, teacher and pen-
manship author, Mr. Henry W. Ells-

Mr. Ellsworth was in his eighty-
seventh year, having been born at
Stockton, N. Y., in 1837. Singularly,
his wife died just four months previous
to his death, she having reached the
age of eighty-five.

Mr. Ellsworth was an earnest stu-
dent of penmanship, and did what he
could for the i mprovement of the
methods by which the youth of the
land could develop good penmanship.

In 1861, believing that the then pre-
vailing styles of writing with flourished,
shaded, complex capitals and the long
loons of small writing could be simpli-
fied and made more practical, he de-
cdied to prepare a series of writing
books with simpler capitals and shorter
loops. It is said that he was the first
to make the change in reducing the
length of loops from four or five spaces
in length to thirds, and which was later
followed by other publishers.

In 1866 Mr. Ellsworth published the
first journal devoted to penmanship,


Published monthly (except July and August)

612 N Park St., Columbus, O.

E. W. Bloseb Editor

Horace G. Healev - - Contributing Editor
E. A. Lupfer Managing Editor


Single copy, 15c. (To Canada, 10c more;
breign, 23c more.)

Change of address should be requested
>ro:nptly in advance, if possible, giving the old
;s well as the new address.

Advertising rates furnished upon request.

"The Writing Teacher," and continued
its publication until 1872. This journal
was followed by the "Penman's Art
Journal" which was begun by A. H.
Hinman in 1874 in Pottsville, Pa., and
later transferred to D. T. Ames of
New York City.

As the crowning feature of Mr. Ells-
worth's life work for the benefit of
business colleges, public schools, teach-
ers and their pupils, he published in
1897, "Lessons and Lectures on Pen-
manship" which many regard as the
best treatise on writing known at that

It is stated that Mr. Ellsworth al-
ways placed the good of the cause be-
fore his own pecuniary gain. Yet, he
continued to prosper even in competi-
tion with others having much greater

He raised a family of eight children.
He retained his skill in writing to the
very end, as letters recently received in
our office testify.


More teachers of penmanship are to-
day striving to win the Business Edu-
cator Professional Certificate than ever
before, and more are succeeding. The
standard for this certificate is very high.
So high that during the course of a
year very few certificates are issued.
The fact that so many teachers are
working for this certificate indicates
that teachers generally are working as
never before to reach higher standards.
I. H. Long, Berea College, Berea, Ky.,
when sending in specimens from his
students for the students' certificate,
sent a specimen of his own writing for
a Professional Certificate. His work is
very graceful and accurate, and shows
that he will soon be the possessor of a
Professional Certificate. May the good
work continue among teachers.


Within the next few months readers
of the B. E. will have the pleasure of
seeing specimens of engrossing from
D. Beauchamp, the engrosser of Los
Angeles, Calif., who in the past has
contributed very skillful and helpful
specimens, and his work today is better
than ever.

The Business Educator is the best medium
through which to reach business college pro-
prietors and managers, commercial teachers
and students, and lovers of penmanship. Copy
must reach our office by the 10th of the month
for the issue of the following month.

*5ffl€&uJ//uti±-&/uaz&r- &

Modern Business Penmanship

By JAMES E. BROWN, Boise, Idaho

In the present day nearly every one
attending our public schools gets some
training in penmanship. This subject
is receiving more and more attention
despite the fact that a few misinformed
people jump at the incorrect conclusion
that the typewriter has made it un-
necessary to learn to write well.

Due to this attention to penmanship
in the public schools, it is unusual to
find a young person who does not
know the proper position and move-
ment for good writing. However, for
the benefit of those who have not been
fortunate enough to have this previous
training, and who have not the advant-
age of personal supervision by a
teacher, it is deemed best to give some
preliminary instructions relative to
position, movement, etc., in order that
full benefit may be received from these

Probably a few words about mater-
ials will not be amiss. Only good ma-
terial should be used. Any light weight
penholder that fits the hand comfort-
ably may be used. Avoid a holder that
is too small, as it has a tendency to
cramp the hand and will not easily stay
in the proper position. Use a rather
fine penpoint, not too fine, but very
carefully avoid a stub pen; also avoid
a coarse ball pointed pen. Use an ink
that flows freely and produces a fine
but strong line. Higgin's Eternal is
good and can be bought at most sta-
tionery stores. Any regular penman-
ship paper will do. Avoid paper with
a rough finish.

Zaner & Bloser Company, Columbus,
Ohio, are specialists in all branches of
penmanship, and handle a large line of

It is very important that you main-
tain a proper position. Sit directly fac-
ing the desk. Sit well back on your
chair and bend forward at the hips.
Keep the shoulders in a natural posi-
tion. The arms should rest on the desk
bent sufficiently at the elbows to form
about a right angle. The desk should
be at a proper height to support the
weight of the arms when in this posi-
tion. After bending forward at the
hips the body will be brought very
near the desk. The clothing may act-
ually touch the desk, but the body
should not press against it. It is quite
important that the elbow of the writing
arm form approximately a right angle.
If you find your arm doubles up too
far, experiment to find out the reason.
It may be that you are too near the
desk. Try pulling the right side back
slightly, allowing the left foot to rest
about eight inches ahead of the right.
This should pull the elbow nearer the
body and form a larger angle of the



Study illustration No. 1 closely. Note
that there are two places where the
arm rests on the desk, one at the elbow
on the large pivotal muscle, the other
under the hand on the nails of the third
and fourth fingers, or if it seems better,
upon the first joint of the little finger.
Be sure to let the full weight of the
arm rest on the pivotal muscle. There
is a tendency on the part of some be-
ginners to raise the elbow from the
desk and to use whole arm movement.
This is detrimental to good results. If
the clothing on the lower arm is tight
there will probably be a tendency to
lift the arm at the elbow in order to
get sufficient scope of movement. Keep


the arm clothed, if at all, very loosely.
The skin on the lower arm must
stretch freely while the arm rolls
around on the pivotal muscle. Observe
that the penholder crosses the hand
near the knuckle. Make it point over
the upper arm near the shoulder. This
will keep the wrist in the proper posi-
tion, nearly flat.

The holder should be held between
the thumb and first finger and touch
the side of the second finger between
the end and joint. The first finger only
should be on top of the holder, and the
thumb should be opposite the first joint
of the index finger.

j£ ^u ctfuJs/tsJJ (5~</tua/<r &>


The first copy is to teach a number of important things, prime among them movement. See that you are in
proper position and with your arm resting firmly on the pivotal muscle, give the hand a light easy swing. Do not use
the slightest finger movement, but keep the entire lower arm and hand rotating around in the direction indicated on
the copy. Make this copy two spaces high and go around ten times before lifting your pen. The lighter your lines
the better, so long as they are strong and even all the way around. You will note that these ovals are not exactly
round but instead are about two-thirds as wide as long. You should further note that they are not vertical but that
they incline considerably to the right. This is the slant of your writing and must approximate the copy.

Don't be afraid to spend a lot of time on these ovals. Your progress depends upon a good foundation. Do not
build your foundation on the sand. The second copy is like the first except for sire. Make it one space high and
retrace five times.


The large copy in this lesson is a direct oval exercise. It is often called the compact oval. It is best practiced
in sections, making about two or three inches of copy and then shifting the paper. It is good practice to put the paper
in such relation to the hand that by swinging the hand back and forth across the page as a pendulum the pen will
touch the base line at either end. When this relation is established try making the oval clear across the page without
lifting the pen, unless necessary for re-inking.

Copy No. 2 of this lesson is like copy No. 1, except smaller. For the large copy make about 180 ovals a minute,
and about 200 of No. 2.

This lesson is to develop the straight line exercise which helps to establish slant for one's handwriting. In the
first copy note the beginning and finishing strokes. Make about twenty downward strokes in each exercise. Keep it
two spaces high. For the second copy use the same plan of practice as that outlined for the large compact oval in
Lesson Two. The last copy is similar to No. 2 except in height. 180 to 200 downstrokes a minute.


Lesson Four combines the oval and straight line exercises with a view to harmonizing the slant. Make the copies
two and one spaces high respectively. Make the ovals first then go back and put in the straight lines. Count 10 for
the large exercise and 5 for the small one.

^ &J&utin*M&&u*t&r &

Here we are beginning to develop writing principles. Move rapidly and do not use any ringer motion. Make
the exercise one space high and try to make the downstrokes uniform in slant. Note the spacing, also the retracing.
Note the rounded turn at the base line. Move rapidly and make very light lines.


For the first copy in this lesson count for the ovals 1-2-3-4-5, and for the second part of the exercise count for
the downstrokes only, 1-2-3-4. Watch the slant of the downstrokc and try to get it to harmonize with the slant of the

Online LibraryAuguste LutaudThe Business Educator (Volume 30) → online text (page 1 of 56)