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R. C. AVlley, for several years with
the State Teachers College. Pittsburg,
Kansas, has recently accepted a posi-
tion as teacher of Accounting in Bay
Path Institute, Springfield, Mass.

Miss Louise Bennett of Boulder, Colo.,
is a new commercial teacher in the
Holbrook, Ariz., High School.

W. p. Mcintosh, Jr., of Haverhill,
Mass., has recently accepted a position
with the Kinyon Commercial School,
New Bedford, Mass.

Miss Irma Brand, recently with the
Kenyon, Minn.. High School, is a new
commercial teacher in the High .School
at Hamburg, N .Y.




Hepburn Business College is a new

school started in Calgar_v, Alberta,
Canada, by J. ^V. Hepburn, formerly
with the Mount Royal College. Mr.
Hepburn has had considerable ex-
perience in Commercial Education and
It is his aim to conduct a small school
keepmg his standard above the aver-
age. He hopes to do this by personal
and class instruction, doing most of
the teaching himself. At the present
time he has a nice class and we pre-
dict success for Mr. Hepburn. It is
his aim to give special emphasis to
penmanship, correlating it with com-
mercial work.

Mr. Hepburn writes a very beautiful
ornamental signature.



A very attractive four-page circular
entitled "The T. B. U. Messinger" has

been received from the Tiffin Business
University, Tiffin, Ohio. Pen work
and photographs have been used to
good advantage.

This school has a fine looking or-
chestra, as well as two fine teams of
basketball players. The larger business
colleges, generally, are paying more and
more attention to atheltics and the so-
cial side. This is no doubt a fine thing,
as It helps to keep up the college
spirit.



A touch of
on Ross board
work.



k and scraping off lines here and there at the proper pi
produces beautiful effects. This is one of Mr. Zaner's piece



laces
s of



Chas. M. Higgins & Co. Announces

The Publication of a Second Edition

of "Techniques."

"Techniques", the e.^haustive treatise upon
drawing- and rendering in pen and ink, which
received an appreciative reception from archi-
tects, draftsmen, artists, instructors and stud-
ents when it was first issued. 18 months ago
by Chas. M. Higgins & Co., has been reprinted
in an even more profusely illustrated second

It is an unselfish gesture on the part of the
makers of Higgins' American Drawing Inks to
present, explain and illustrate the most gener-
ally used forms of pen and ink work.

Because of the fact that extreme care and
an unusual printing process is necessary to
match accurately the colors of Higgins' Colored
Drawing Inks, and also to show to the great-
est possible extent, the difference between the
various techniques in Higgins' General and
Waterproof Black Inks, over six months were
consumed in the preparation of the new, second
edition. An unusual antique paper of exquisite
texture, was especially manufactured, so that
the many contributions of the country's prom-
inent illustrators would show up to best ad-
vantage.

The cover of the new "Techniques" was de-
signed by Harvey Hopkins Dunn, probably the
most noteworthy master of decorative orna-
mentation and design in the country today.
Contributors and illustrators to the book, which
consists of 20 pages, include such well known
figures as Vladimir Bobritsky, Franklin Booth,
Rene Clark, T. M. Cleland, Floyd Davis
Harvey Hopkins Dunn, C. B. Falls, Major b!
Fehen, Halleck Finley, Carlton EUinger, E. A
Georgi, Walter Geoghegan, Gordon Grant, Ar-
't*""'^^- .Guptill. \Vm. A. Heaslip, John Held,
Jr., Cardwell Higgins, Arthur G. Hull, O. W.
Jaquish, W. Parke Johnson, Herbert S. Kates,
Rockwell Kent, Wallace Morgan, John R.
Jieill, Russell Patterson, Wm. J. Shettsline.
Edward Staloff, W. D. Theague and Hendrick
WiUem Van I,oon.

Architects and instructors in architecture and
allied subjects may obtain a copy of "Tech-
niques" gratis, provided the request is made
upon a personal or business letterhead, or by
stating their business or educational affilia-
tions. Aldress Educational Department, Chas.
M. Higgins & Co., 271 Ninth Street, Brooklyn,
X. v., or this magazine.



20



*^Jr^ud//t^M^^4/iu:a/^ ^



JUST NAMES



By C. R. McCANN, McCann School of Business,
Hazletm, Pa.



"What's 3er naiiu;?" asks one little
boy of the other.

"Johnny Jones," conies the reply.

"Now, what's yer name?" asks
Johnny.

"Reginald Van Heusen Brevort," was
the reply.

We all think we have the worst
name in all the category of names but
most of us would not trade names with
the last above little boy. We usually
are christened by the boys in school
and perhaps Reggie was known to the
boys as Slug, Fat, Skinny, Boots and
hundreds of other names. We cannof
help what has been thrust upon us by
our admiring parents. I suppose we
are satisfied with the one we have just
so long as some one does not call us
names — then we stand up and protect
it.

I was wondering about these names
one day and my interest increased until
I went to the library. I spent one
entire afternoon reading about names.
It was a most interesting afternoon
In fact, I was very late getting home
for "dinnali" and my good spouse ex-
cused me.

You all know that the names of the
first people were Adam and Eve. These
names are still used to some extent but
in different countries they are not
recognized as such. However, I know
of one family that had the pleasure of
twins and the proud parents named
them Adam and Eve.

In the beginning of time, parents
named their children after something
connected at or near the birth of the
child. When Esau was born he was a
hairy little fellow and hence his name.
Now in another family Don was born
and as he was a little brown fellow that
is the way he got his name. There are
other forms of Don such as Donald,
Donough. etc. Then, too, Blanche
means fair and light, .^nd so we could
go on indefinitely.

Charles is derived from the German
Karl ; Italian, Carlo, Polish and Slavish,
Karol. Charlotte is the feminine in
English. French, and German. In the
days when we did not have motor
•transportation as we have it now, nearlv
every teamster had a horse named
Charley. It is also a famous fire
horse name. I used to have my neck
strained turning from one side to the
other when I was a boy. Charley here.
Charley there. Charley everywhere I
went. At first I thought these fellows
were calling me but later I found that
they were only speaking to the lazy
horse pulling the wagon, .\lmost all
Charleys are lazy, I suppose, and that
might be the reason I got my name.
1 never did find out.

Reginald always impressed me very
luuch. Possibly because the sissiest



boy I ever knew was of that name and
every boy registers in my mind a sissy
because of him. Reginald means wis-
dom and to rule but the Good Lord
only knew what this laddie buck was
to rule. Certainly not the girls be-
cause they abhor a sissy fellow above
everything else.

There is a family in one of our Mid
Western states who named their Boys
One, Two, Three and the Girls First,
Second and Third Stickaway. This is
one of the strangest names we have.
Imagine a mother sticking her head
out of the window and yelling, "One,
come in here this very minute. First,
you look after Third and see that she
does not go out of the yard and get in
the way of the automobiles." What
would happen to the person who asked
this mother why she gave her children
such "funny" names? I learned years
ago that it does not pay to ask too
much about family affairs and names

Uncle John was a very clever fellow,
years ago. In fact, he is today but his
age is a little "agin" him when it comes
to footracing. He was about the rich-
est man in the township and people
looked up to him when it pertained to
money matters. He did not have anv
children so his brother Albert having
more than his share named his second
son for his brother. It was now John
II. Years rolled by as they have a
haliit of doing and John if married
and named his son John III. I might
mention that John II can spend money
faster than the original John could
make it — perhaps that is the new order
of things in this world.

After any war there are always
hosts of children named for some im-
portant General or Admiral. Grant,
Sherman. Lee, Jackson, Dewey, Roose-
velt, Pershing, etc., have plenty of
proteges. I know one man who
answers to the name of Commodore
Dewey Derrick.

K cousin of mine answers to the
name of Grover Cleveland Mikesell.
His father was the son of a regular
dyed-in-the-wool JefFersonian Demo-
cra.t Whatever the Democratic Party
did was all right with him. He could
see no evil in his Party but the others
were all wrong. The Republican
Party had been having its own way
pretty much until the Sheriff of Erie
County. New York, came into promi-
nence. However, the father was so
elated over the election that he just
had to celebrate the President-elect.
The next election was a horse of a
different color but the poor boy always
had that thrust at him and that brings
me to another name.

Some mothers are crazy over the
Movies and think that a few of the
"Stars" on the screen are just about



near "it" as possible for a human being
here on earth to be. Some mother^
are so fond of the Movies that they
charge groceries at the store and go
and sell them in order to get Movie
money. Mothers have been known to
name their children for these actresses
of the screen. I have in mind one poor
little girl who had to carry around with
her- all her life the name of an actress.
This actress was not so pure when it
came to the moral side of her life. The
result was, as is the case with all
others, she went out of existence in a
hurry and her passing was nothing to
be proud of.

I once knew a girl by the name of
Matilda Barbara Tunnessen, 1 asked
her if that had always been her name
and she replied that it had. In speak-
ing I casually remarked that it might
have been Tunn von Essen. A few days
later she smiled and told me that her
Grandmother had told her that I was
right and to ask me how I found it out.
The Tunns are plentiful and in order to
distinguish the families they are desig-
nated as the Tunns from Essen. In
order to expedite matters concerning
spelling, letters and syllables are some-
times dropped.

Wadlek Marsincavage was baptised
as such by his fond parents. Later on
they moved to America and settled in
an .Anglo-Saxon settlement. Wadlek
later became rich, went before the
courts and had it changed to Walter
Morrison. Many baseball players in
the leagues whose names are unman-
ageable cut them to suit the baseball
fjublic. Al Simmons, the Philadelphia
.Athletic Outfielder's real name is
Albert Czemanski. So we do not
always know the nationality of the
person by merely looking at his name.
I have found that the names of
John, James, William, George, Mary,
Katherine, Ruth, Jane, etc., are stal-
wart names.

There is a certain cult who believe
that in order to get anywhere in the
chosen profession the name must be
changed to conform to the ideas of
that profession. In some cases it does
and he does not have to change it.
We have a famous artist of the canvas
and another on the "Pie anner" who
have changed their names. For in-
stance. Helen Martin of the small
town plays is no longer known as such
but on Broadway she is known as
Helen De Martini.

Some day I'll be obliged to change
my name if I ever expect to become
a writer. At least that is what the
cult says. So if you ever see some-
thing like Karol Mechinski, you will
know that I have joined the throng.
Then I'd never have to turn my head
when I hear the teamster yelling.
"Charley."



Or. John A. Tabor, formerly of the
Tabor Business College. Dallas, Texas,
was in our office of the Business Edu-
cator and the Zancrian during our
summer school. Dr. Tabor is now on
a lecture tour. In this work he seems
to be very happy and enthusiastic.



*^^^ud//i^ii^^<^u^;a/fr* ^



21



MENTAL MEANDERINGS

By CARL MARSHALL, Route 1, Box 12, Tujunga, California.



Some kind of a high-brow "Asso-
ciation" in New York is devoting
energies that might be better appHed
in getting out what
Speech as an they call a "Dia-

Educational Force, lect Atlas". The
idea seems to be
to disseminate detailed and reliable
information regarding the many forms
of departure from correct English that
prevail in certain sections of United
States. People who are always hun-
gering for new fads may see some-
thing tremendously important in this
movement for the "scientific" study of
the gutter-snipe language that so gen-
erally falls from the slobbery lips of
our illiterates, but to people with a
wholesome mental perspective, it would
seem to be a more worthy enterprise
to get people to acquire a taste for
the respective usages of our common
mother tongue.

This matter of language degeneracy
as shown in our current slang and in
the prevalent speech of our hicks and
hill-billies, is, of course, mainly an
educational problem. If our schools
and our homes would but cooperate to
do their plain duty to the children
during their formative years of lan-
guage acquirement, the vulgar and
sloppy English so prevalent in Amer-
ica would all but disappear in a single
generation. What is needed is not
more study of the dialects, but such
an awakening of interest in the decent
English of our good literature and
best usage, as will make the dialects
die out for lack of use.

The importance of good language as
a moral and mental force is not suffi-
ciently understood even among peo-
ple of culture. But it is a fact easy
of observation anywhere that degen-
eracy of conduct and taste goes on
all-fours with degeneracy of speech.
Let your boy acquire a taste for un-
derworld slang, and you will be lucky
if he does not at the same time ac-
quire a hankering for underworld con-
duct. Visit any police court and note
the gusto with which budding crimi-
nals use the latest slang of the gang-
ster. Your ambitious young criminal
feels that until he becomes an adept
in this thieves' patter, he is not a real
member of his gang. The lawless con-
duct and the brutal speech of the yegg,
match each other as tenon and mortise.
The evil of lawless language does not
stop with mere vulgarity; it strikes
much deeper.

Nor are the coarsening eflfects of
speech vulgarity confined to the young.
It distinctly tends to break down the
mental and moral fiber of anyone who
indulges in it, no matter what cultural
advantages he may have had. It takes
thought and brains to use good Eng-
lish habitually, whereas, any lout can
be fluent in the talk of the slums. In
fact, I have long been convinced that



mental laziness is at the bottom of
most bad English, as it is of most
other slovenly habits. Language be-
comes comparatively easy, when one
can dispense with all care as to the
words he uses. And herein lies the
main argument for good English as a
mental discipline.

But right here it should be made
clear, that by "good English" we do
not mean that stilted or pedantic
speech employed by those preposterous
prigs, who find their joy chiefly in
words of si.x syllables. The best Eng-
lish is usually the simplest. See any
page of your Bible or your Shakes-
peare. To learn to use such English
should be the ambition of every one
who cares at all about his own mental
improvement. If you would form a
just estimate of any man's brains, note
the kind of language he uses. There
is no better surface indication of a
strong character than a decent respect
for one's mother tongue. It is even a
better index of good breeding than
are correct clothes and good manners.

Once get this idea to take lodgment
in the mmds of our young people, and
it won't be very long till boorish lan-
guage will become as unpopular as un-
cleaned finger-nails and dowdy cloth-
ing. Let the parents who preside over
our homes, the teachers who direct
and mold the sentniient m our schools,
and the writers who make our books
and newspapers, once unite to banish
vulgar English from the haunts of de-
cent people, and our common tongue
will soon be worthy of a civilized folk.
A "movement" of this kind, vigorously
led would be worth more than all the
scientific studies of language that
have been put forth by scholars and
linguists for the last thousand years.



There are two extreme views that
people may take regarding human
laws. The one is that all laws are
subversive of liberty, and
Law or that men would be better
Anarchy off and happier, if every-
body were allowed to do as
he pleases and without interference by
any laws whatever. This is the view
of the philosophical anarchist, and I
have heard it presented with consid-
erable force by men and women of
seeming intelligence. The other, and
opposite view is that there is some-
thing of near sacrednes's about all
laws, especially those legally estab-
lished by the courts and the law mak-
ers, and that all of us are bound to
respect and obey such laws, no mat-
ter how silly or even cruel and tyran-
nical they may be. A law is a law,
and must be enforced and obeyed
solely and simpl}- because it is the law.
This is the doctrine that has always
been put forth by those in authority, —
b\' the makers of the laws themselves,
and by those whose job it is to enforce
them.



But the truth about law, as accepted
by the vast majoritv of mankind is
something very far from either of
these extreme views. Historv afifords
us no example of any people who
have succeeded in, or 'even tried to
get along without laws of any kind.
Such a proposition has never yet gone
beyond the dreams of a few isolated
visionaries, and probably never will.
On the other hand, thousands of duly
authenticated laws have been scouted
and defied and nullified, and allowed
to pass into disuse among generally
law-abiding communities from the very
beginning of history. There has ever
been a sort of instinctive common
sense among men, that has led them
to distinguish between good and bad
laws, and observe the one and ignore
the other. No thinking statesman or
ruler, or judge, will contend for a
moment that all laws are of equal and
binding force. Men have never ac-
cepted such a slavish doctrine and
never will. The proudest and bright-
est pages of' our history as a people
describe events in which brave and
heroic men and women rose up in de-
fiance of unjust and oppressive laws,
and even suffered martyrdom for this
defiance. Which of us would describe
as "scofflaws" the courageous men
and women of Scrooby, who in de-
fiance of the laws, met for religous
worship in their own homes and went
to jail rather than to attend the law-
supported Church of King James?
Who of us would stigmatize as law-
breakers and anarchists the fine fel-
lows of Boston, who, led by Sam Ad-
ams, pitched the rich cargoes of taxed
tea into Boston Harbor?

Who denies the truth of the ring-
ing slogan of liberty, that "Resistance
to tyranny is obedience to God?" Yet,
time and again, and even in represen-
tative republics, cruel and bigoted ma-
jorities have tried to enforce the most
abominable tyrannies under the sanc-
tion of duly authorized law. I once
met a mild-mannered and apparently
intelligent old lady who had got it into
her head that coffee-drinking was the
real cause of intemperance. She
averred that the coffee stimulent was
what caused the appetite for the
stronger alcoholic stimulent, and
therefore, she favored a law abso-
lutely abolishing coffee. Now, suppose
a foolish and thoughtless majority
should succeed in putting over such
a nonsensical law as that in this coun-
try, how man\' of us would feel under
obligation to obey it ? Or, suppose
that some ecclesiastic organization
should in some way get in control of
our Government, and pass a law or-
dering all the rest of us to attend their
particular church under pain of paying
a fine of ten thousand dollars, and five
years in the penitentiary, do you think
we should feel bound under our con-
sciences to obey such a law, even
though it had been made a part of
our Constitution? Hardly.

Now, what I , am getting at, is to
show our prospective young citizens
who read the Educator, that, as a



22



^ .:MJ^u^i/n^U^£e/iu^i^iT- ^



matter of fact, in this land of law and
liberty, no law gets its sanction
MERELY BECAUSE IT IS A LAW.
Laws, like all other human devices,
must stand or fall on their MERITS.
In nearly every state in this Union,
we already have hundreds of laws that
nobody thinks of obeying, the very
existence of many of them, not even
being known to the av'erage man.
Many of our states have still on their
statute books the old "Blue Laws",
so-called, according to tradition, be-
cause in the State of Connecticut,
where many of them were first formu-
lated, they were printed on blue paper.
One of them provided jail for the man
who should kiss his wife on Sunday.
These silly laws, though, technically
still having the force of laws in a
number of states, have long since be-
come a joke.



Nor is there anything sacrosanct in
the mere power of a majority. While,
technically, a sufficient majority,
could put most anything in the way
of a law into our statutes or our Con-
stitution, it cannot be too well under-
stood that the founders of this Re-
public conferred upon no majority, no
matter how large, the right to commit
tyranny under the name of law. Al-
though this has been attempted again
and again in this land, it has always
failed, and always will. K signal ex-
ample of this, was the ill-starred and
cruel attempt of northern fanatics, to
force the South at the close of the
Civil War, to grant full sufifrage to
the horde of recently freed Negro
slaves. This law put the intelligent
white people of the South at the
mercy of a vast horde of utterly irre-
sponsible blacks, led by the worst set
of scallawag demagogues the modern



world has known. This unconscionable
wrong was even put into the Fifteenth
Amendment of the Constitution, in the
adoption of which tlie South was not
permitted to have a voice. But is any-
body worrying because that part of
our Constitution has been as dead as
Julius Caesar from the very time of
its adoption, so far as the South is
concerned?

This and other lessons from history
should teach us that there is no sac-
redness of laws, in and of themselves.
Their real authority has to come from
their wisdom and justice alone. When
this is fully understood by the citizenry
of this land, perhaps we shall go a bit
slower in the matter of making unjust
and unwise laws. And this, like so
many other things of importance, will
have to be a matter of education.
Such foundation ideas should be taught
in everv school in the land.




A Porto Rican Bird from the pen of M. Otero Colmenero, San Juan, Porto Rica.
We compliment Mr. Colmenero on his skill with the pen.




C^.^'T'Z^-'teZ^-..'^;^ - ;^'^^/-^'^^ -/^zt-t'-^-.^-^,.




Copies for study and imitation by F. B. Courtney, Detroit, Mich.



f^^^Uii/n^U/^a&u^i/fr' ^



23



r 1

y


r


y^


>




^



publicatif



S. Collii
ntly.



, that prince of penmen who passed
kVe have more of his work for




This envelope was received from L- Faretra of the Burdett
College, Boston, Mass. Mr. Burdett is one of the most skillful
penmen today. We have a promise from him for work for
the B. E. The above will give you an idea of the quality
to expect.




This signature is from the pen of E. A. Lupte
College of Penmanship, Columbus, Ohio.




\M



lH^ u'orld bcstou'5 ib bi^ prices, both \\i nioncv and honors.tor but
oncthinq. ^^.nd ^ha^is 3n!ttatioc. What i^r'nitia Hue? 3'U tcU
vow: Cit'is dotn<\ the ri<\ht thin*^ unthout bcinoi told. !Bat next to
doinq the thina u'ithout bciiici told '\s to 6.0 it u^hcii uou arc once
told. 'That t5 to i:av. cam' the "ille&sae^e to Garcia; th.ose u'ho can
caiTC a mes^acte ^et liioih honors, but their jmv is not alu'an^ in pioportion.^Iexh
there are those u'ho ncivr do a thinci »-inkil tlw are told tu'ice: such c^et no hon-
ors and small pa^. ITexl. there are those ;i'ho ^o the riaht ti->in.gc>ntn a'hen ncces-
5itv kicks them from bchii'.d. and the?e ^ct inditTcrencc instead of lionovs. a»"»d
a pittance tor pa^'. ^'his iund s^pcwdki' most of it? time polishinc^ a bcp.eh u'ith a
l^ard-lucU story. 51ien. still lou'cr douni in the scale than this. u»e hai'c the fol-
lotu iuho unll not A.o the ria,ht Ihin.^ e-ocn u^hcn sonie one cioes alonci to shorn
him hou' and stars to see that he does it: he is alu'ans out of a ;ob. aw-k re-



Online LibraryAuguste LutaudThe Business Educator (Volume 35) → online text (page 8 of 51)