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teachers of these subjects will be in-
terested in what you are doing. Your
superintendent will see that you are
resourceful, and that you are not a
narrow formalist. You will not In-
accused of having a "one-track mind."

In my February article I shall deal
with first grade writing. I shall il-
lustrate the discussion with cuts that
will show what little people can ac-
complish within a few short months.
if they are wisely directed.




EARN AT HOM£>-^a««^DijRINQ £-ARETIME
Write for book, "How to Become a Good Pen-
man," and beautiful specimens. FREE. Your
name on card if you enclose stamp. F. W.
TAMBLYN, 406 Ridge Bldg., Kansas City, Mo.






Teachers College.
WestChester, P a -^^^



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21



ORNAMENTAL PENMANSHIP

Bv E. W. BLOSER

Comment by E. A. Lupfer and copies from the scrapbook of
G. G. Hoole, Glendive, Montana



This month we haxe nearly all of
the small letters. First of all. prac-
tice faithfully on the minimum or one
space letters. Practice the simple
words, striving for a light touch and
snappy shades. Remember that con-
trast makes penmanship beautiful.
Therefore, watch your shades as well
as your hair lines.

Loop letters need constant prac-



tice. They are excellent for one to
work upon when getting in trim for
they make one try a little harder than
some of the other letters. Success in
penmanship depends upon your abil-
ity to learn to try hard. The average
student does not put in as much ef-
fort, does not concentrate as much as
he should. That is the difference be-



tween a fine penman and a poor pen-
man.

The exercises at the bottom of this
lesson will enable you to get a lighter
touch and a snappier shade. Some of
these exercises may be difficult for
you but they are worth mastering.
Work on them before trying the cap-
itals and see how much vim it will
put into your work.




22



&



President's

| Monthly Letter

4. . , 4.

Newark, N. J.. Jan. 2. 1931.
To Teachers and Supervisors :

The officers, committees and state
chairmen are off to a fine start with
their plans for the 1931 meeting in
Cincinnati. The program is complete
and every committee is engaged in
speeding up the interest that is neces-
sary to make the convention the big-
gest in its historv.

" The success of the N. A. P. T. S.
rests at this time upon two factors,
namely, enrollment of teachers and su-
pervisors and attendance at the con-
vention. The goal set for membership
is 2,000; for attendance, 300. These
figures should be reached if everyone
"'does his bit." and at this time I know
that all departments are striving to ac-
complish both aims.

The Advisory Committee of which
Mrs. Elizabeth Landon of Bingham-
ton is chairman, has completed every
arrangement for one of the most in-
teresting and practical features that
has ever been attempted. Her com-
mittee is sponsoring a penmanship con-
test for teachers which no doubt will
bring "into the open" the finest pen-
men that this country can produce.
Only teachers are qualified to enter.
and as the theme of the convention is
"the teacher and her problems," this
contest should be of interest to all.
The judges are penmen of outstanding
ability and judgment. They are Mr.
Francis B. Courtnev of Detroit. Mr
E. C. Mills of Rochester, and Mr. C. C.
Lister of Brooklyn. No finer selec-
tion could possibly have been made.

The list of state chairmen who have
been selected, appears in this number
of the Business Educator. All teachers
interested in the # contest should im-
mediately enroll through their state
chairman, but in case no chairman has
been named, thev should enroll with
Mr. Traddeus W. Emblen, 105 Ever-
green Avenue, Elmira, New York. As
soon as the names are received by
him. he will send them to Mrs. Lan-
don, who in turn will supply each
teacher with two copies of the contest
material. This gives each teacher two
trial sheets so that she may enter the
better. The enrollment fee for teach-
ers is one dollar, which entitles her
to a copy of the 1931 Year Book which
is a report of the proceedings of the
convention.

Several prizes will be awarded to
the successful contestants. The finest
teacher penman will receive a loving
cup. Other awards will be three gold
medals, three silver medals, three
bronze medals, and twenty-five hon-
orable mention certificates. All win-
ners will have their papers displayed
at the convention and their names will
appear in the 1931 Year Book.

Mr. Barnett, chairman of exhibits
writes me that Mr. Horace G. Healey
is planning to send some of his choicest



scrap books to the convention, and
also a little souvenir for eacli one
present at the convention.

Every month my letter will contain
news of the activities and results of the
committees.

At this time. I wish to thank again,
all members who are unselfishly giv-
ing their services to the cause of good
handwriting. Our united efforts can
do great things. Cordially yours,
Ravmond C. Goodfellow.
" President— N. A. P. T. S.



LIST OF STATE MEMBERSHIP
CHAIRMEN— NOV. 21, 1930
Alabama
Mary Poore, Supervisor of Writing.
Birmingham.

Arkansas
Ollie Kavanaugh, ?2i East Hillsboro.
El Dorado.

California
Mrs. Leta Hiles, Supervisor of Writ-
ing, Long Beach.

Colorado
Otella F. Kinchell, Supervisor of
Writing. Fort Collins.

Connecticut
Martha H. Brisson, Supervisor of
Writing, Hartford.

Florida
Beulah Dalton. Supervisor of Writ-
ing, Jacksonville.

Georgia
Sarah Stone Taylor. Supervisor of
Writing, Macon.

Illinois
Thursa E. Lux, Supervisor of Writ-
ing, Decatur.

Indiana
J. H. Bachtenkircher. 715 Brown
Street. LaFayette.



Iowa

Florence Beverly. Supervisor of
Writing, Waterloo.

Michigan
George A. Race, Supervisor of Writ-
ing, Bay City.

Missouri
Sylvia Jones, Supervisor of Writing,
Carthage.

Nebraska
Fay Gordon. Supervisor. Norfolk.

New Jersey
Charlotte E. Barton. Assistant Super-
visor of Writing, Newark.
New York
A. Lucilla McCalmont, Supervisor of
Writing, Utica.

Oklahoma
Bernice Sapenfield, 410 South Cincin-
nati Street, Tulsa.

Pennsylvania
Catharine P. Boyle. Supervisor of
Writing, Philadelphia. •

South Carolina
H. M. Hill, Supervisor of Writing.
Columbia.

South Dakota
Mrs. Bessie Saure. Supervisor, Sioux
Falls.

Tennessee
Zelia I. Rudisill. Supervisor of Writ-
ing. Memphis.

Montana
Nell Sommers. 917 Second Avenue.
No., Great Falls.

Texas

Mary Sellers, Supervisor of Writing.

Dallas. ...

Wyoming

Agnes Harvey, 1236 South Elm Street,
Casper.

West Virginia

Maude Pamplin, Bluerield College,
Blueneld.




Some very be;
structor in the P<

instructor in abov<



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23



Lessons in Engrosser's Script



By courtesy of C. W. Jones, Brockton, Mass-



Lesson

Study the letters by dissecting them into parts, in fa
the letters will be made.

In the "a" get the circular body part a little higher t
same height. Strive tor a uniform appearance between t
strokes are practically on the same slant as down strokes.

Get the top of the "o" as rounding as the bottom,
beautiful it will look.

Get the dot on the "c" as thick as the shade. Keep t
semblance of small "e". Keep the top as rounding as th
as the down stroke of the 'o".

The shade in the 's" is one of the most difficult, bee
pen at the top of the letter if it helps you in getting a be
shade at the top of the letter. Get the finishing dot slight

The "r" is made the same as the first part of the "m".
the second upward stroke straight, lift the pen and make
right of the upward stroke, which is just the opposit in t

Watch the compound curies in the "v".



No. 5
ct, the better you master the individual parts the easier

ban the last part if you wish to have both parts look the
he curve down strokes and the straight down strokes. Up

The more symmetrical you can make the "o" the more

he dot well up towards the head line to avoid a re-
e bottom. The down stroke of "c" is exactly the same

ause of its peculiar shape and its individuality. Lift the
tter shaped shade. Put on just a little suggestion of a
ly up off the base line much like a comma reversed.

The new part to you will be the finishing part. Make
a slight dot resembling a small "i". This should be to the
he "v".



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ILLINOIS CONTEST

CARBOXDALE, ILL.— The Illinois
Penmanship Contest will hold its an-
nual contest at Carbondale. Illinois,
on March 12 and 13, 1931. The con-
test is put on each year in connection
with the program of the Southern
Illinois State Teachers' Association.
The penmanship displays or entries
attract thousands of persons during
the two days of the association. Cups,
banners, and medals or pins, will con-
stitute the prizes to be awarded. One
contest is provided for city systems.
one for rural systems, and one for
individual entries. The contestants
write the handwriting at their schools
or home and send it to Carbondale to
be displayed and judged. Only grades
4, 5, 6, 7, and 8 are eligible. No par-
ticular writing system will be used
as a basis for the contest, but rather



it will be based on the quality and the
legibility of the writing submitted.

The entry fees are small but the
benefits are large. The whole pur-
pose of the contest is to raise the
standard of handwriting of Illinois.
Every superintendent, principal, pen-
manship supervisor, and teacher
should realize the great benefits to be
derived and enter their school, grade
or room.

Write for booklet containing in-
formation, rules, and entry blanks to
T. L. Bryant, Contest Manager, Car-
bondale. Illinois.



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Mr. N. Palmer Harmon is a new

commercial teacher in the Albany
Business College, Albany, X. V.

Miss Constance Lynsky of Min-
nesota is a new bookkeeping in-
structor in the Burroughs Adding Ma-
chine School, Boston.

Practical Paying Penwork $1

30 Eagle, Swan. Dove. Jay. Robin. Humming Birds

Near Nature FLOURISHING- Fr.nts TO^

Master Penman GEMS Fresh From Fen For Sale

D. L. STODDARD

R. R. 4, Box 141, Indianapolis, Indiana.



LESSONS IN PENMANSHIP BY MAIL

The Charting Method— LOW TUITION
RATES. Try "STRAHM" oblique pen-
holders made for those who appreciate the
best. ALL CIRCULARS FREE. Ad-
Iress F. L. Tower, Penman, 601 Pleasant
Street, Hammonton, New Jersey, U.S.A.



24



<y/u?>36uJ/'/u?JJ &/uia£r 4§*



Commencement Address to Graduating Class

Of the High School of Commerce, New York City
Bv HENRY WOLLMAN



I have often wondered why the
graduation exercises of schools and
colleges are called Commencements.
I assume it is because it is presumed
to be the commencement of the actual
career of the graduates.

You are embarking on a wonderful
journey on the sea of life— a marvel-
ous adventure. You will have sun-
shine, but you also will have squalls
and storms. Your ability to overcome
the storms and squalls will depend on
your skill and endurance as a mar-
iner. In places where for the greater
part of the year they have only sun-
shine, how the people pray for clouds
and rain ! When we have too much
rain how we prav for sunshine ! That's
life!

What a glorious thing it is to have
your career ahead of you with all the
prospects for the joys of progress and
of success even though you must rea-
lize that you will have disappointments.
Disappointments are put there to keep
us level-headed. We are so consti-
tuted and built that if we never had
any set-backs no one could live with
us. We must have some adversity so
that we can appreciate prosperity. Let
u- hope that your troubles will be
merely the "passing shadows of radi-
ant days." No one however can
promise that, but when troubles come,
don't surrender, keep right on fight-
ing for success, remembering that the
sun is still shining behind the darkest
clouds.

You who today are graduating from
this renowned School of Commerce,
are starting on the high road, at a
very advantageous time, for this is
the business age. Business and com-
merce have reached a very high
plane. Business and commerce have
become dignified vocations, or shall I
say professions. If any better proof
were required of this, I would call
vour attention to the fact that lawyer
after lawyer, men of high standing in
the legal profession, are leaving our
ranks to engage in business and com-
merce. It would amaze you to see
the list of lawyers who, after making
a success in their own profession, have
become the heads of banking, railroad,
commercial and industrial corporations
and institutions. One would almost
believe that the legal profession was
the stepping stone to a business
career. The heads of nearly all the
outstanding life insurance companies
are lawyers, the heads of very many
large banks, railroads, mercantile con-
cerns and manufacturing companies
are lawyers. These men that I refer
to do not act as the legal counsel
for the companies but are the active
business heads. If business or com-
merce were not considered as high
and dignified as any of the learned
professions, these lawyers would not
leave the practice of law to become



■+

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business men.

Not so long ago in England, and it
may be so yet but to a lesser extent,
certain private schools would not ac-
cept as pupils the sons or daughters
of what they called tradesmen — peo-
ple engaged in any kind of business.
Within the past five or six years two
of England's foremost lawyers. King's
Counsel, men who had been knighted
as Lords, have become the presidents,
or chairmen of the board, as they call
them over there, of vast business cor-
porations.

Ever since I can remember people
have said there is no chance for young
men now. That never was true, and
it's less true today than it ever was.
There is a greater chance for genuine
young men in business right now than
there ever was, that is, for the right
sort of young men, but not for con-
ceited chaps, nor those who are not
real and genuine.

Think of any very big corporation
or business of any kind that you have
heard about and vou will find that a
large percentage of those highest in
authority started at the very bottom.
They were not waiting for somebody
to back or favor them. They made
good ; they produced results ; one pro-
motion followed the other, not as a
gift, but as a just and honest reward
of merit.

Every important institution today is
looking for the right sort of young
men to infuse new and solendid fresh
blood into the veins of their business.
Those who will be in command twelve
or fifteen years or twenty vears from
now will be those who start in now,
probably at the bottom, many of whom
are sitting before me — never sparing
themselves, working constantly and
incessantly with unselfish zeal for the
betterment of the institution with
which they are connected.

Some of vou may not agree with
me. but I think it's a solend'd thing
not to be born rich. Rich men's sons
are handicapped in the race of life.
Nearly all of the men who are out-
standing in commerce, in the profes-
sions and in public life, were of what
the world too often calls humble or-
igin, and were not, as some would
say, blessed with riches. One of the
greatest joys in life is measuring the
distance from the place from which
one started to the higher and more
exalted place that he has reached and
attained. A friend of mine and I
were fishing in a skiff on the Rideau
River in Canada. We caught a large
quantity of fish. When we neared
the boat that we used as a house-
boat, our guide threw all our fish but
three or four back into the river. We
vigorously remonstrated with him. He
stolidly answered. "Your fun is
'ketchin' 'em, not 'eatin' 'em" — That
tells the storv.



The most alluring and exhilarating
thing in life is not having, but
achieving.

You who are graduating today while
you have received the benefit of a
superior education at an unusually ex-
cellent school, must always feel that
you are still going to school. Read
everything that you can that is worth
while, study everything that will make
you more proficient in your work and
broaden your usefulness. Never let
your thirst for knowledge be quenched.
Keep right on so that every day will
find you better equipped for the duties
of the next day.

When I saw medals presented to-
night to the worthy young victors, I
was reminded of a medal given at a
High school graduation some years
ago, on which there was inscribed in
Latin "Nosce teipsum," "Know Thy-
self." What practical — what splendid
— what important advice that is !

Now, what are the elements of suc-
cess? Ability. L T nending energv and
industry. Ability without industry lies
fallow — it accomplishes nothing. Pa-
tience. It has been wisely said in
Latin "Festina lente." "Hasten
slowly." Perseverence. Integrity.
Absolute fidelity and loyalty. Consci-
entiously striving to do everything one
undertakes to do at least as well or
possibly better than anyone else can
do it.

Pretenders do not succeed in the
long run. It's the real, the worthy
persons that do succeed.

There is not nearly as large an ele-
ment of chance in success as young
people wish to believe. It vou look
around at the men who have attained
prominence in any business or pro-
fession, you'll find it was not luck that
got them where they are, but deserved
compensation for what they have done.

Courage is a paramount requisite
to big success. The coward and lag-
gard never get there. It has been
said that "he who fears to fall will
never climb." A very successful
lawyer in Chicago had printed on his
letters in which he sent business to his
correspondents. "Take chances but
don't get caught holding a dangerous
position too long.'"' He was right.
Don't be afraid to take a risk, but of
course, you must prudently look be-
fore you leap.

Don't be deterred from doing what
you feel you ought to do because you
are afraid of making mistakes. Every-
body makes mistakes, but vou must
not make the same mistake twice.
The mistakes of today should serve
Ps the lessons for tomorrow.

Don't get discouraged if things don't
go just right at first or even for quite
a while.

Beriah Wilkins, an earlv owner of
The Washington Post, told the fol-
lowing to a party of ladies and gen-
tlemen when we were on an outing
with him. Mr. Wilkins has been
elected to Congress four times in Ohio.
There was one country editor in his
Congressional district who supported
him enthusiastically in each of his
four campaigns. This man gave up



^fflJ38uJi'tielA/&&ua&r &



J5



running his country paper and went to

Washington. Mr. Wilkins had him
employed on The Post. He received
the regular salary that newspaper
writers were getting in those days,
which wa.S not large. Alter some
months the managing editor came to
Mr. Wilkins and said. "I can'1 keep
your friend. He is a lovable man, but
he can't produce." Mr. Wilkins said,
"On what have you tried him?" The
managing editor enumerated all the
different things like reporting the pub-
lic departments, courts, Congress,
writing editorials, etc. Then Mr.
Wilkins said, "Is there anything left
on which you haven't tried him?" The
managing editor said, "I've tried him
on everything but paragraphs, but
that's really the hardest thing to do
on a newspaper and it would be a
joke to try him on that." Paragraphs
are those short, snappy, attractive ar-
ticles that in three or four lines often
contain a page of sarcasm, wit, hu-
mor and wisdom. Mr. Wilkins said.
"Try him on paragraphs : I cannot and
will not let him be discharged." Mr.
Wilkins' orders were obeyed. Within
twelve or eighteen months that man
became one of the most noted par-
agraphers in this country. He was
offered $10,000 a year by a newspaper
in New York, but he stayed with The
Washington Post at a lucrative salary
with permission to sell paragraphs to
the New York paper.



The old motto, "If you don't suc-
ceed, try and try again," is just as good
today as it was a hundred years ago.

It has been wisely said, "A person
should be satisfied to be dissatisfied
and contented to be discontented."
Xever be thoroughly satisfied with
yourself, for if you are, you will come
to a stalemate, vou will stand still and
quit growing and growth is always the
desideratum.

Law formerly was taught in law
schools by the teacher statJng the
principles of law, but now it is taught
by taking decided cases and letting
the students evolve the principles of
law that the cases involve. I am go-
ing to tell you an occurrence which
illustrates some of the things that I
have been trying to tell you and I
want you to find the lessons that this
occurrence teaches. When I was prac-
ticing in Kansas City, a friend of mine
in Leavenworth, Kansas, my native
city, wrote me that a worthy young
giirl abou,t 19 or 20 whom I had
known since she was a child, was
coming to Kansas City to get a job
which she needed to support herself,
her mother and sister. I helped her
get up an advertisement which was
published in a daily newspaper. Some
two or three days later, a stern,
austere man who had charge of very
important financial interests in Kan-
sas City came to see me. He said that



he read the advertisement and had
asked the young lady to come to see
him, which she did. He said that she
looked like a serious girl, bent on
succeeding, and had given me as her
reference. She told him that she had
graduated as a stenographer and
bookkeeper and was an expert in both
lines. I told him that I did not be-
lieve she was an expert in either line
but that I was sure that she would
soon develop and show the necessary
skill, that I strongly advised him to
take her and I would guarantee her
fidelity, honesty and loyalty. He said
he thought he would give her a trial.
She must have been waiting around a
corner in the hall, for she was in my
office in less than a minute after he
left. I told her what I had said, and
she cried saying that I had done her
an injustice, that she was an expert
stenographer and bookkeeper. I told
her that I was afraid if she started
with her employer believing she was
first-class and then she made some
mistakes, he would probably let her
go, and that I believed every person
should do better than he or she prom-
ised. Then I said, "Marie, dry your
tears, I think you'll get the job, and
if you do, I want you to ket a key
to the office and get there fifteen min-
utes or a half hour before anybody-
else and never leave until your work
is done, even if you are kept there
(See Page 26)



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PERSONALITY AND 1

j The Selection of Office Employees j

UH'IS D. HUDDLESTON,
| John Adams High School. Cleveland. Ohio I
+ +

Are office employees selected today
because they fit into the picture? Are
they selected as furniture and furnish-
ings are selected., because of their ap-
pearance? Of two girls of as near
equal intelligence and ability as pos-
sible apply for the same position; the
one gets it. Why? The Personnel
Man says, "Because we like her looks."
And that is the answer we get today.
What is this quality called "looks?"
It is Personality, spelled with a great
big capital P.

If we should ask Office Managers
and Personnel Directors the question :
What is Personality? They would an-
swer: Personality is something called
"It." In other words, it is the physical
make-up together with mental alert-



Online LibraryAuguste LutaudThe Business Educator (Volume 36) → online text (page 23 of 49)