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penmanship was arranged under the
direction of Mr. Ralph E. Rowe, Su-
pervisor of Penmanship, Portland,
Maine, and Father Quinlan of Boston.

Private Schools Meeting

An informal meeting of private
school owners and managers was held
on Friday evening. W. E. Douglas,
President of Goldey College, Wilming-
ton, presided. Among the speakers
were C. F. Gaugh, Bay Path Insti-
tute, Springfield, Mass.; E. S. Donoho,
Strayer, Bryant & Stratton College,
Baltimore; W. C. Lane, Becker Col-
lege, Worcester, Mass.; C. R. McCann,
McCann School, Reading, Pa.; E. L.
Layfield, Raleigh, North Carolina;
John G. Leach, and A. Raymond Jack-
son, Beacom College, Wilmington,
Del.; Jay W. Miller, Goldey College,
Wilmington, Del.; E. H. Fisher, Fisher
Business College, Boston, Mass.; J.
Goodner Gill and F. F. Moore, Rider
College, Trenton, N. J.; A. M. Lloyd,
Banks College, Philadelphia; and J.
H. Hesser, Hesser Business College,
Manchester, N. H.

Reported by Jay W. Miller, Goldey
College, Wilmington, Del.




the pen of A. W. Dakin, Syraci



The Educator



19



THE VALUE OF GOOD HAND-
WRITING

By Marjorie Anderson

Student in Minneapolis, Kansas, High



Scliool



(Miss Mary C,
hip by haying h



pupils write on the importance
ting. Have your pupils list the number
ways good handwriting can be used. It will
c them a better idea of the importance ot
ible writing.) Editor.

Good handwriting has proven itself
)ne of the most important fundamen-
als needed in holding a good position.
it is the foundation of development
ind success. It is needed everywhere
ind will never be replaced by any
mechanical process. Therefore, i t
must be mastered thoroughly.

Below I have listed some of the
more important places requiring good
tiandwriting:

1. Addressing envelopes and labels.

2. Filling out postal money orders.

3. In all legal forms, legible hand-
writing is absolutely necessary.

4. In agreements between parties
where a typewriter is not obtainable,
writing must be plain to avoid dis-
agreement.

5. In recording permanent records
on file books.



6 Indorsing important legal docu-
ments. A poor signature is more
easily forged than a good one.

7. In writing checks. Legible num-
bers are absolutely necessary.

8. Signatures on checks.

9 Bank clerks and depositors
should write numbers very plainly to
save time and money.

10 In filling out orders, correct
writing of letters and numbers saves
time, trouble, and money.

11 All figures in office records, etc.,
should be written legibly to save big
losses.

12. All prescriptions should be read-
able.

13. To secure high paying positions
good writing is necessary.

14. To increase earning power.

15. In personal letters. You may
be required to write important formal
letters. Can you do it?

16. Nothing is more embarrassing
than to have to write a poor hand m
the view of a good writer.

17. In school life good writing will
aid in preparing lessons, taking notes,
writing tests, avoiding disagreement
and securing higher grades.

18. In all written communications.



Are You Abreast of the
Newest Developments

In the Teaching of
Commercial Subjects?

Advancements, new perspectives, better
ways to accomplish more, have taken
place in the teaching of shorthand,
typewriting, and other commercial sub-
jects, just as they have in other fields
of education.

Teachers of commercial subjects, and
those preparing to enter this profession,
will find the Gregg Normal Session
a source of inspiration, and an in-
valuable aid to efficient teaching.
Attractive courses of study, an un-
usually strong teaching staff, and other
exclusive features are offered. Decide
now to take this important step to
self-advancement. Write today for
Bulletin about

The 1934 Normal Session

Beginning July 2 and Closing

August 10

The Gregg College

6 North Michigan Avenue
Chicago, Illinois



R H Bond, the skilUuI penman, is now connected with the Tampa Business College,
writing is ideal.




SOUTH BEND


UNIVERSITY


Offers intcnsiyc cours
ancy preparing for bar
tions in One Year.


s in law and account-
nd C. P. A. examina-


Piatt Building


South Bend, Indiana



George M. Martin, a former com-
mercial teacher in Philadelphia, Pa.,
is now teaching in the Thompson
School, York, Pa.



Challenge Cards,


consisting of


Drnate


combi'


nations script, flo








my fa-








this


package


IS arranged espec


Illy for


those


who


wish to






writing








please


ou with each order. |


My circular sent


in beau


tifuUy


addrc


ssed en-


velope for 3 cent


stamp.








A


W. DAKIN






604 W. Colvin St.,


Sy


racusc






PENMAN— DESIGNER— ILLUMINATOR

143 South Broadway
Los Angeles, California



YOUR NAME BEAUTIFULLY ILLUMI-
NATED ON SHEEPSKIN PARCHMENT.

TWO DOLLARS

CIRCULAR FREE



20



The Educator




ARE YOU CRITICAL OR
COOPERATIVE ?

Human nature is peculiar. Most
people, .\t seems, would rather try to
"find fault" and "talk about the other
fellow" than try to HELP and "take
up for" the other fellow. Yet it is a
well known fact that those who co-
operate and boost are more univers-
ally liked and make greater progress
in the world. Getting right down to
brass tacks:

In all business schools, I believe
three distinct types of students will
be found:

1. Those who are constantly "find-
ing fault," and "knocking" or crit-
icising.

2. Those who are more or less neu-
tral or passive — who do not find any
particular fault with the school — the
teachers, or the management, or the
system — nor make any particular ef-
fort to cooperate, or boost, when the
opportunity presents itself.

3. Those who are COOPERATIVE
— who are pleasant and agreeable;
who had rather praise as the occasion
presents itself, than "find fault" and
"knock."

When it comes to "making good,"
your own common sense should tell
you that "No. 3" will "lead the




Summer School for Commercial
Teachers and Accountants

Twenty-seventh Annual Session

Divided into t"-o terms

June 11 to July 14

July 16 to August 18, 1934

First American institution to give Com-
mercial Teacher Training. Has kept a leading
position in this field. New students may begin
where work in other accredited colleges places
them. Strong courses in Accounting of col-
lege grade through the summer. Relay class
discussing many problems of the "New Deal"
will be a striking feature. Entire program
in keeping with new conditions. Conference
on Business Education July 19 and 20.
College of Commerce of the
Duly Accredited Senior ColleKe

Bowling Green Business University

(Incorporated)

Bowling Green, Kentucky
Near Mammoth Cave National Park



parade." And why shouldn't they?
In the first place, they are pleasant
and agreeable to deal with. In the
second place, they are willing to co-
operate and try to make the institu-
tion a better school. In the third
place, they boost the school every op-
portunity, thus proving their loyalty
and making a favorable impression
for themselves as well as the Insti-
tution they represent.

Those in "Class 3" realize that they
are a part of the school and that it
is their duty to help make it as GOOD
a school as possible; that the better
business and reputation the school en-
joys, the better it will be for them-
selves — the more the school can do
for them. Figuratively speaking, the
student "writes his own recommenda-
tion," and the school can not do or say
any more for any student than his
record warrants.

Here is one thing in particular, each
business school student should bear in
mind:

Usuallv, when he applies for a posi-
tion, or has to make bond, he has to
account for his time over a period
of years. When the emplover or bond-
ing comnany looks over the applica-
tion, and sees that the applicant at-
tended a certain school, he invariablv
writes or 'phones for the person's
record.

If, while in school, the student made
a good record and a good reputation
for himself — was a good, loyal, hard-
working, cooperative student, and, in-
cidentally, took care of his obligations
promptly and cheerfully — the school
is able to say things that may be very
helpful in securing the position or
bond, as the case may be.

No school can afford to recommend
a student who has not made a good
record or lived up to his obligations.
Certainly, no one should find fault
with that policy, for it must be re-
membered that the school's reputa-
tion is at stake.

Some students seem to think that,
because they paid a little money — or
their parents paid it for them — they
are privileged to do as they please.
It is all right for a student to do as
he pleases, so long, as it doesn't in-
terfere with the rights of others. That
means (it is all right) so long as he
does not cause other students to lose
time, or does not exert a bad influence
over them, or so long as he does not
prolong his stay in school to such an
extent that it injures the school's
reputation, or so long as he conducts
himself in such a way that it does
not reflect on the school.



Unique lettering has been receiveil
from C. A. Romont, 113 Warren Ave,
Boston, Mass., who has been faithfully
sending in the jig-out puzzles.

Mr. K. Ogawa, 2143 Kichijoji, Musa-
shino, Tokyo, Japan, is following the
work in The Educator and recently
submitted some well executed orna-
mental cards.



An envelope addressed in lettering'
and a beautifully lettered sign have
been received from W. J. Jarvis,
Jarvis Studio, Faribault, Minn.



Conrad Hamel, Berlin, N. H., is
turning out some remarkable work in
business and ornamental writing. Thia
past winter he has been working in
the woods but the quality of his line
and light touch are not affected. We
hope to see this young man continue
his study and practice of penmanship.



YOU WANT THEM

Madarass Artistic Gems

and five other good books free. '

books without gems 65c.

C. W. JONES 224 Main St., Brockto



SCRIPT-O-RAISE COMPOUND

Produces RaisetJ-Printing from type.

Raised-Writing with ordinary pen.
Kit cf Gold and Silver, 50c.; Black or any

color 30c , postpaid, with directions.
Script-O-Ralse, HutJson, Ohio, U. S. A.



"World's Finest Ornate Penman Today"

— Dakin

Collectors of penmanship have pronounced

my work the equal of that of Madarass! Remit

$1.00 (cash or money order) for full page

specimen and Vz page signatures.

J. A. FRANCIS
1707 South 12th St. Omaha, Ncbr.







YOUR


SIGNATURE






will attract atten
50c I will write
different ways


ion if it is origir
and include a


al. For
least 12
crapbook


Box


73


H. P.


BEHRENSME\'ER

Quincy,


111.




Prepare Now for the Job You Want

Penmanship Accounting

Secretarial Stenographic

Write for information describing

renewed demand in office positions.

Home Study plan of business

training.

G. W. McGuire, Manager

HFLL'S BUSINESS UNIVERSITY

EXTENSION DEP.\RTMENT

Oklahoma City, Oklahoma



The Educator



21




SECURES A GOVERNMENT EN-
GROSSING POSITION

Mr. Charles E. Hatten who was dis-
covered in Lafayette, Indiana, by that
genial, farsighted supervisor of hand-
writing, J. H. Bachtenkircher also of
Lafayette, Indiana, has been making
very rapid progress in the engrossing
and penmanship field.

Mr. Hatten spent some time in Co-
lumbus studying engrossing, then se-
cured a position with the J. V. Haring
Engrossing Studio of New York City.
When Mr. Haring passed through Co-
lumbus and stopped t o visit the
Zanerian he spoke very highly of Mr.
Hatten. He stated that everyone
liked him in the studio. Recently
Mr. Hatten had the good fortune of
receiving an appointment in Wash-
ington working for the Home Owners'
Loan Corp., engrossing certificates,
charts, etc.

Mr. Hatten is a man who never tires
but keeps on faithfully striving for
higher attainments. He recently en-
rolled in the Strayers College Even-
ing School.

The Educator joins Mr. Hatten's
friends in wishing him much success
in Washington.



By C. H. Clark, 2663 N. 5th St., Philadelphh



ASSOCIATIONS

The National Education Association
will meet June 30-July 6 at Washing-
ton, D. C.



The University of Chicago Confer-
ence will be held June 27-28 in
Chicago.



South Carolina evidently is having
its portion of the cold weather. Re-
cently our good friend, A. B. Johnson,
of Lake City, reported that the
weather has been so cold that he
could hardly get warm enough to do
much writing. However, he enclosed
a package of specimens and some
magnificently flourished birds. These
birds are some of the most skillful
we have ever seen from any penman
who is in Mr. Johnson's age class.
Mr. Johnson is now 77 years old. He
demonstrates his theory that one can
learn something new at any age if he
is willing to study and work.



NEW .ARRIVAL

An 8 lb. 10 oz. boy arrived March
31 at the home of Mr. and Mrs.
Vachel E. Breidenbaugh of Terre
Haute, Ind. The boy will bear the
name of Barry Ellis and we hope will
become as famous as his father, whose
article on Frequency of Malformations
vs. Exposures as a Basis for Remedial
Work in Handwriting appeared in the
February issue of The Educator.
Congratulations.



A large package of beautiful orna-
mental penmanship is hereby ac-
knowledged from I. Z. Hackman, 750
Ormond Avenue, Drexel Hill, Pa. Mr.
Hackman is a very careful student
of arrangement of lines and shades.



A dashing flourished robin has been
received from Rosario Babin, Berlin,
N. H. The flourish is patterned after
one published in Fascinating Pen
Flourishing.



Your name on 15 caras


^ ^








20c, and a neat card
case free with each order.


^;^S^


^ja


^^^


"rr^


Samples, terms to Agts.


tjF^J''






'


for 4c.










34 Butler Place,


Brooklyn,


N.


Y.





J. Arthur La Roche, one of the

policy engrossers in the New England
Mutual Life Insurance Co.. Boston,
Mass., recently sent some attractive
samples of his pen work.



22



The Educator




(W'e solicit comments for this column which will
inspire young people to select penmanship as
their vocation.)

It was after I graduated from high
school that I became interested in
handwriting. Upon entering Lock-
year's Business College, Evansville,
Indiana, I was inspired by copies
flashed by Harry L. Godfrey, the pen-
manship teacher. It awed me to the
extent that I. too, wanted to write
that way. After three months of
diligent practice in the right way, I
improved my writing seventy-five per-
cent. Later I entered the Zanerian
where I was further inspired and
there learned different styles of writ-
ing.

Handwriting paid my way for my
last two years in College. By writ-
ing cards, engrossing diplomas, su-
pervising it half days in the public
schools and teaching it to Normal
students, I made more than my ex-
penses.

From my experience in teaching
Teachers in the Normal Schools, I
have learned that handwriting has
been sadly neglected in our public
schools. From the interest shown by
these teachers to improve their own
handwriting, I think I am safe in
saying we are coming back with one
of the three R's.

Fred A. DuPont





(mjf/oia



%>^JJl




Script by R. M. Roudabush an engrosser
Washington, D. C.




Signatures by H. L. Darner, Santa Ana, Calif. Mr. Darner is one of
the most skillful penmen of the day.



Another flourish from the pen of the late H. H. Stuts



The Educator



23



Lessons in
Engrossing

By H. W. Strickland, Philadelphia, Pa.

LESSON NO. 9
The copy presented this month is
designed for a Title Page of a book
of Testimonials somewhat on the
square shape. A book of this kind
on the smaller sizes is very pleasing
and easy to handle. Also there is a
small amount of text so that it is
easily read and emphasized. The
pen lettering of the lower half of the
page was lettered with broad pen, but
the two prominent lines were first
carefully sketched in with pencil and
then ruled with T square and ruling
pen setting the pen to width of light
stroke and doubling up on the heavy
ones. After this the spurs etc. were
put in with common pen.



WHY SOME PRESENT-DAY

STUDENTS SHOW SO LITTLE

INTEREST IN PENMANSHIP

(Continued from page 15)

Children are imitators, so it is nec-
essary for the teacher to be an in-
spirational example.

Having briefly presented both sides
of why some students are not, and
why some are, interested in penman-
ship, I conclude with these few
thoughts:

I believe if we try to make the sub-
ject of penmanship interesting to the
pupils that they will take enjoyment
in it, and that practical results will
be secured. To make a subject in-
teresting so that pupils will see the
carry-over value in all other school
subjects, being careful not to make
the teaching too mechanical, usually
creates enthusiasm and a desire to
learn.

We should make clear to our clas-
ses that two things must be kept in
mind in a skill like handwriting: (1)
Technique, which means performance.
(2) Control. We are told that the
best possible preparation for sane
thinking is to learn to do things well.
The knowledge and skill we all use
in overcoming difficult situations lie
to a very large extent in our muscles.
If we can so help the pupils to put
their physical machinery in good run-
ning order, they will do easily and
vrithout much conscious effort a great
many things that under other condi-
tions may put a serious tax upon
their adjusting capacities. Technique
is a set of habits that constitute the
mechancial part of handwriting. But
handwriting is also intellectual. A
certain cultural refinement comes
from practicing the art of writing
when it is done in an intelligent, pur-
poseful, thoughtful and creative man-
ner. Quite often the by-products of
teaching handwriting when carried on



TESTIMONIAL

- OF "

APPRECIATION

adopted at a mcctina; of
the Board of Directors
held January £t. 1955. I




by the well-qualified and inspiring
teacher is vastly more important than
the subject itself. This means that
a teacher must be broader than his
subject, and much of his teaching
should be to stimulate, enthuse and
inspire his pupils to higher aims and
standards of fine workmanship.

How shall automatic control in
handwriting be established? If hand-
writing is to be done skillfully some
measure of fluency must enter into
it. There must be a definite method
followed by direct practice to make
the transmission of nervous and physi-
cal energy automatic. After that is
done, it is purely a matter of how
much energy can be forced into the
proper channel before a pupil's capa-
city for accurate and smooth control
is reached. Experts recognize the
value of rhythm and incorporate it
into their teaching procedure. Rhyth-
mic tempo soothes the nerves and en-
courages the learner to relax. The
main feature, however, of good tech-
nique is the relaxed condition follow-
ing the execution of the writing. Prac-
tice in handwriting is to produce a
habit which will be an effective and
skillful means of expression of
thought. The habit must produce
writing which is legible, somewhat
rapid, reasonably attractive in appear-
ance; and the performance must be
fluent and rhythmic. To do this re-



quires knowledge and skill on the part
of the pupil, so that the habit will be
subordinated to the meaning and ex-
pression of the thought. Teaching
must be such that the mechanical
side of writing will never remain so
permanent in the thought of the writ-
er that he cannot give his mind to
what he is trying to express. We must
all be awake to the rapid changes and
to the newer movements in education.
If we are, interest, even in this rapidly
changing machine age, vidll not be
lacking in teaching handwriting so
long as both teacher and pupil realize
the practical and cultural value of the
subject.

I am not discouraged about the
handwriting situation in our schools.
We are not yet going to eliminate it
from the curriculum. What we teach-
ers need to do is to be more enthusi-
astic than ever, believe thoroughly
in what we are doing, take a keener
interest in modern, scientific methods,
and prove to the world that handwrit-
ing still has a practical and cultural
value. If, perchance, any of you
think you are on the losing side of
a question, that is just when you want
to fight for your principles, especially
when you know that what you are
teaching is of educational and practi-
cal value, and has a place in life ac-
tivities, as in the case of present day
correlated handwriting.



24



The Educator




Attractive letterhead prepared by Tom Pound of the Harris Studio, Chicago.



y^i^^ .^t^. 2^.:^^. ^S^. ^^.^ ^^ - ^



— «i^^^-*:-*-£-^ ^y^Z-^-f'T^ -



J^-^-^. ^^/CAL<,-'i.^. -""fi-i^ ^.<d-^x^



' - .^^y^z-^^ - ^2^^^t^



This plate was loaned to us by G. R. Brunei, Lord Selkirk School, Winnipeg, Man., Canada.

? ? Guess Who ? ?




Who wrote the above signature? You have seen his work a number
of times if you have been reading The Educator in the last few years. Each
subscriber is entitled to one guess. Guesses should be sent to us before May 20.

Answer to April Contest

Mr. Zaner wrote signature No. 2 and the No. 1 signature is an imitation.
It was written in March by one who worked with Mr. Zaner for eleven
years — E. A. Lupfer.



RATE YOURSELF

Do you feel that you are at a stand
still? If so look for the cause of the
stagnation. Are you doing enough
study and practice? Do you practice
without studying? The best students
usually are the ones who spend nearly
as much time studying as practicing.
Be sure you know what you are try-
ing to make, then work and stick to
it.

Are your lines smooth and clean?
If they are not, it is an indication
that your movement is slow and slug-
gish. Your arm may be bound down
with tight clothes. Your desk may
be too high or too low. You may
drink too much coffee.

Does your writing look uniform?
Draw slant lights, headlines, any kind
of guide lines to find out if your writ-
ing measures up. Is your writing legi-
ble? Check each letter to see if it
is plain when viewed alone. Ask
some of your friends to help you. If
your friends cannot read your individ-
ual letters make them plain enough
that they can read them without
trouble.

Are all your letters neat and ac-
curate? Study and compare your
work with the best models obtainable.

Do you have the right frame of
mind? Have you confidence in your
ability to master this interesting
work? Some people become dis-
couraged before they give the work
a real trial. Grit your teeth and try
again. If possible visit some other
penman. He may have some ideas
which are new and helpful to you.

Get a scrapbook and paste in it any
good specimens or letters you can
secure. How thrilling it is to get a
scrap of work from some old master
— or, for that matter, from some of
our skillful young penmen. — Editor.



The Educator



25



A Practical Alphabet

Engrosser's Script is one of the most beautiful styles any penman can master who is filling various types
of orders for pen work. It is one of the oldest styles, and will possibly remain with us when many other styles
have disappeared. You will do well to master this type of pen work. This alphabet contains the letters most
frequently used. Of course, there are many variations and some prefer other styles. However, you should master
these styles.

Study each letter separately. Make line after line until you become skillful and sure of each one.




U^9t^^</r^:








6 7 S^ ^ O



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^^^



.(9i:J^_^^y<rC^Jy^..yC^




^/^/^^e^^if^^ya^^'i^^^



e.A LUPfER





CALUNG


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An Educational Journal of

Real Merit

Regular Departments

PENMANSHIP ARITHMETIC CIVICS
GEOGRAPHY NATURE-STUDY

PEDAGOGY PRIMARY CONSTRUCTION
HISTORY MANY OTHERS

Price $1.60 per year Sample on request

PARKER PUBLISHING CO.
Taylorville, 111.



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The finest script obtainable for model illus-
trations for bookkeeping texts, business forms;
works on correspondence, arithmetic, and for
readers, spellers, etc. By appointment only.



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Online LibraryAuguste LutaudThe Educator (Volume 38) → online text (page 36 of 41)