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one. The field of engrossing is not
overrun and artists of this type are
always in demand.



IMPORTANT NEW POINTS TO
TEACH IN MAKING THE TRAN-
SITION FROM MANUSCRIPT
TO CURSIVE WRITING



1.

2.
3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.
9.

10.

11.
12.



the



the



The slanting position of
paper on the desk.
The slant of the writing.
The connecting stroke of
letters to form a word.
The loops on letters which ex-
tend above and below the line.
The form of the small letters,
b, e, f, k, r, s, z.
The upward stroke at the end of
the letter.

The beginning stroke of all
small letters but a, c, d, g, o, and

q-

The form of all capital letters.
The continuous movement until
the entire word is written.
The dotting of the i and the
cross of the t made after the
entire word is written.
The retraced stroke on such let-
ters as b, v and w.
The uniform height of the small
letters d, p, and t.



-a».




A pen drawing by the late Harry S. Blanchard, loaned
to us by A. F. Stern, Los Angeles, Calif.



CURSIVE WRITING
A Junior High Student

Observes Keenly :

The proper posture as it con-
cerns health and comfort.
The combined movement neces-
sary for legible and attractive
writing.

The arrangement of heading or
placement of title.
The accurate indentations for
paragraph writing.
The observance of even margins.
The correct curve in all begin-
ning strokes, whether over or un-
der. (This produces beauty and
adds grace to writing).
The uniform length of ending
strokes.

The firm down strokes on all let-
ters. (This adds strength to
writing).

The acceptable spacing between
letters. (This simplifies read-
ing).

The relative heights of letters.
The alignment of writing.
The beauty in writing as exe-
cuted by skilled penmen.
The various styles of handwrit-
ing seen in the commercial and i
literary fields.

The present need for good legi-
ble writers.



A YOUNG ENGROSSER




E. J. Carroll

This is E. J. Carroll, a young man
who is doing engrossing in the
DeFelice Studio, New York City.
This young man is headed for the
top in penwork. He is one of the
young men filling the ranks in the
penmanship profession. We like to
talk about our old master penmen,
but when we compare their lettering
with the work this young man is do-
ing, we find that his lettering is more
accurate than some of the old '"has-
beens". Keep your eye on Mr. Car-
roll's work. You will no doubt see
more of it from time to time. We
take pleasure in presenting a speci-
men of his work on the following
page.




J

' a*.



fS



ss






flhurr h or Sfc(Qtrhart




! ySSfabXW&tfafa&Axduuuv^



1 1 A^ti<>d/xvptlm^>/l^wtC'^t.



tacte«/,^Mtd'>. -




lllhlMfr&& ^a^9^U^ 9Uu^ten<i §M&o\$k<xruu>S.



™ y&tyfy^AajyfWwMnx^^



[MB isStTwff tflyy^w 3






v$fi m




^MMx^J/^



5*&uuviyiH,\9m



mmwwAMMsm ^SEA



^



A piece of engrossing made by E. J. Carroll of New Ycrk City. Mr. Carroll is a young, coming penman. The
ranks in our penmanship profession are being refilled by men like Carroll and one notices a decided change in the pen-
work from the old type flourish in ornamental penmanship to engrossing and illuminating in which there are
more financial returns.



20



A Lesson From Martin



Inrtiii £4iat£ Jl Bistrtrt




J^turmtis^ntentaumtal

>r/J ,//tfJ (orrf///{Y//f /r //,r > /ff'//Yf?t/j v////' */ '



.-iLJ^jci^J




, «&






*=-£ <rcC€f/ _



_y^




<//






j~/vre net f,r///-r//Y/ ///•/;> />//////// fo -maJze f/'/ 'tr/tv/s/.L
\ '/'/'""""J- -ft'f/rr/f/ts/ /Yf/Y/jf///d /itr////r/:j///// cet&fCCateJ //.>//////.
'Y '-///// r- oms/ ///:/<-/ //r/tj. //// J/tey* (//'f /:>///y-//y/ fy> exwctde acoo(^j
f//u/y //',/)// /// //,/ detection s/ dac/i cfemJ^

Qwl€M/ '/rr /wye J///ff/<jf t//ftf licit cwmnJtLUon //J //> c/cJ/fpi, rj/r/mr/,

li^Onortttg tin As^OCtrtte «v// •-/ teadip made '■';</'/. doe* nol adcefttatelt/ ,./,„.>.,
>-t/ic ./< ,t>/< i teae&td and ///</// cd/eeni </ /tnwna foccndd. Jl /// -n /r.i : me-Qftand-
'^eOeted X> <'/-,</, . doe* J/'/Jtt/'// a //uHtp/ttful iJndmcU 'turf "/>///<,■,,>//<■„ lS,,t/
' ' /c//j ■ ■ u <:</>i j/ctw ,<tnd ,ie(l( _./<. f/ici'j/red Jot nil fame Oltarttn

This is a practical piece of work combining Roundhand, Lettering and simple Ornate. Much of the
engrossing today is done in a simple way. Some color could be used in the initial letter without adding
greatly to the cost of producing the work.

Study the arrangement, spacing and details. In every piece of work you can learn something — you
may find a unique way of making a letter or you may find something which you do not like and which
you may prefer to avoid. That is the way to develop your individuality. All specimens contain some
new thing if you are looking for something to add to your skill.



The Educator



21




This beautiful specimen of ornamental penmanship is from the pen of J. A. Francis, Portal, North

Dakota.

Mr. Francis is a very dashy ornamental writer. In fact, there are very few today who can write with

more dash. He has been a close student of Madarasz and Courtney.






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Also, I give courses in penmanship by mail.

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22



A Course in Ornamental Penmanship

Follow This Course and Improve Your Skill in Business Penmanship



In addressing envelopes watch arrangement and balance. Keep your letters equally flourished. Avoid using a
simple letter among highly flourished letters. Get your shades short and snappy.




tZL*/^






An alphabet by E. L. Brown, showing the order in which the various stokes should be made. This is a rapid, us-
able alphabet. It is especially good for the body of resolutions, etc.

Practice the alphabet with a number 1% broad pen on % inch ruled paper until you can make the letters freely
and legibly. Later try it with smaller broad pens. Reduce the size of the lettering as you gain skill.



The Educator



23



HANG ON!
By T. H. Gatlin

Texas Business College,
Weatherford, Texas

Dedicated to the boys and girls who
this year graduate from our schools.

It's not what you do just one day
that counts
In the fight for success in this life;
It's the way you keep TRYING, each
day that you live,
Yielding not to misfortune nor
strife.

If at the day's close, you feel you
have failed,
To accomplish what vou set out to
do.
Tomorrow just buckle right into the
fight.
Never quit because you feel blue!

Start out in the morning with hopes
beating high —
Resolve that you'll conquer your
fate,
Set your soul for some goal, and
never give up!
Be on the job, early and late.

If in school your lessons seem hard
to learn,
If the tasks you're assigned gets
your "goat" —
Just stick out your chin, and keep
wading in,
But for goodness' sake don't rock
the boat!

The one who succeeded never turned
his face back —
"Faces Forward!" was the fierce
battle cry,
He fought and he won, and left those
behind,
Who did not have the GRIT to try!

God's no respecter of persons, we're
told—
Lends His arm to whoe'er says "I
CAN!"
While He doesn't expect the impos-
sible of us.
He expects us to fight like a man!

Yes, the one who succeeds now-a-
days in life,
Is the fellow who goes over the
top;
While others looking on, say, "It
cannot be done!"
This one does it while they make a
"flop."

Why not start in today, set your sails
for some port,
Do something no one ever has done;
Though the battle be hard, and the
fight tries your soul,
You'll rejoice when the victory is
WON!



HOLD A JOB WITH AN AUTOMATIC
AUDITOR!

Tins handy pocket size aid shows you ho%v to
Debit, Credit, Journalize and Post accounts.
Be Bore oi your work. Send 2oc for an Auto-

THE SCOTT PRESS. LEWISTOWN, PA.




F. D. Richardson

F. D. Richardson, director of pen-
manship at the Ottawa High School
of Commerce, was the leader of the
penmanship conference held in April
at the Ontario Commercial Teachers'
Association annual meeting in To-
ronto.

Mr. Richardson is a very fine pen-
man and is an active booster of good
penmanship. He believes that all
high school students should be re-
quired to learn to write well.

Teachers from various parts of
Canada attended the meeting where
handwriting subjects were discussed.

This cut was loaned to us by The Ottawa
Evening Star.



A very fine first grade specimen
has been received from J. H. Bach-
tenkircher, Supv. of Penmanship,
Lafayette, Indiana. The specimen
was written by Billy Klein and done
with pure arm movement. The writ-
ing is large, about one-half inch high
for the small letters.

This boy has infantile paralysis
and cannot use his fingers other than
to hold the pen. We have received
very few first grade specimens which
were better than the one written bv
Billy.



TRI-STATE COMMERCIAL EDU-
CATION ASSOCIATION

The Tri-State Meeting was held in
Cleveland with a membership well
over 900 which is a gain of more
than 200. The meeting was pro-
nounced one of the best the associa-
tion has held.

The Fall meeting of the associa-
tion will be held in Pittsburgh in
October. Watch these columns for
further announcements.

The officers for the following year
are:

President, D. D. Lessenberry, Uni-
versity of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh.

First Vice President, Russell P.
Bobbitt, Fifth Ave. High School,
Pittsburgh.

Second Vice President, Theodore
Woodward, Langley High School,
Pittsburgh.

Secretary, Miss Ethel Farrell, State
Teachers' College, Indiana, Pa.

Treasurer, Robert L. Fawcett, Pea-
body High School, Pittsburgh.

Executive Committee: William L.
Moore, John Hay High School, Cleve-
land, Ohio; Elmer G. Miller, Director
of Com'l. Education, Pittsburgh; F.
H. Sumrall, Pittsburgh; R. J. Worley,
Pittsburgh.



V. J. Gillespie, who for the past
twenty years has been with the Bowl-
ing Green College of Commerce,
Bowling Green, Kentucky, died on
February 20th from pneumonia. He
had charge of the bookkeeping and
penmanship department.

Although rather busy all day teach-
ing bookkeeping and directing a large
department, he found time to devote
to penmanship which he fervently
loved. He was constantly improving
his skill.

He had a Master's Degree and was
considered a penman of more than
usual ability.

He was a calm, faithful, high-
class man who never shirked a duty
cr never sought prominence.



Some Modern Old English Letter-
ing has been received from Frederick
F. D. Chu of Box 25, Kapaa, Kauai,
T.H. Mr. Chu is preparing for a big
diploma season in Hawaii.



bdlei&vuk



No. 756
OVAL POINT




SUITED



uetrated is one of the most popular
"school" points in America. But remember,
it is just one member of the "Esterbrook
Steel Pen family . . . the nation's largest . . .
and certainly its finest. Specify Esterbrook
in your school work.
THE ESTERBROOK PEN COMPANY. 62 Cooper St.. Camden, IN. J.



24



H Tnlmtr hi tfjr (Brniuru nf

^ 0nmurlj^ifrlirllHrmtk

(Jjcmoriul unanimously adopted by

at a State* JTRceftfta, held 3HarcIj 11.19-40.

1)1 sutnmmu in ir'eds ou'ii Kma which comas toali.bas
called our beloved secretary. iRtahf Worshipful brother
^nnnu , riHitrln , ll iFntnklni^, on February '20.1940. :

! jQrnHjrr Fninklmitt served a.< n\»*»hipfuIjpjst«rotB*e.

Xc was then tf>« vouiuicst blaster of 0^tcaao Eobge.Xc re-
ceived h«s Cenuiussiou u^ '.Isia. hr nWshipf uf BnmB tecturcr
in 1902, therein 1 becoming the first member of- &)icaao
tedgc to achieve this distinction. !He mas elected Secretary "June

'27.1910. and served the todae faithfully and efficiently in that eapaein -
nnttl almost" the day of 1-Tis death, a span or* thirty years.

J)c was ji member of the feJran© Badge Committee of VTibrarios
for JuScmic^toincsin 1912 and I9B. and was appoints* rXepresenta-
ttve of the SmnJ i-odae of the ^Philippine Jslauds.li\tobcr 14.1913. and
reappointed every year to date.

J |«s devotion to and his love, of TUtsonry were exemplified tar-
ing all the years of his activity. J'o all tl>e various tasks assiiuicd
to _ hiin he^iave the best tl)ut was in him. THe lived an houorabfc Ijfe
and enjoyed the confidence and esteem of ail who ttnetv him. JH"e
rendered valuable service fo .'"flasonrv and earned all or the hon-
ors that mere bestowed upon htm.

. Ij" \vould be futile for us to attempt-to enloaime and do htm
justice. .His sound judgment, his srorli ng character. Tit's biab integrity
combined ventn hts wttt. courtesy and personal charm wtil ever b




, r j



t




,jc artcve with the members ot~ t»ts family and extend to
them our deep and beartfelr sympathy m their "bereavement. ~Jt
ts ordered that tl)is memorial be made a purl of our minutes,
appropriately engrossed and presented to. .his family as an ex-
pression of our sincere admiration and affection for the friend
ano Brother whom wc honored and love.






This masterpiece was prepared in the M. L. Harris Engrossing Studio of Chicago, 111.
Study it.



The Educator



25




Jfres. Afea dows -Dm i/gho
Business G>//ege, Shrexfpon'J.ti



The War and other World eondi-
ions may cause great shifts of
ources of raw materials. In fact,
vhen the Allied and German troops
ecently landed in Norway, with Fin-
and shut off, and likewise Sweden,
onsternation reigned among Ameri-
an paper manufacturers. Now, the
cramble for American sources of
mlp is on in full force. The United
States pulp mills are reported to be
unning seven days a week, 24 hours
. day. In the mean-while, the COST
if pulp has risen approximated $35
■ ton. You know, we have PULP
illLLS near us here in Louisiana and
n East Texas; so, the increase in
irice and demand for pulp may ben-
fit our Section immensely.

Incidentally, you are, no doubt,
.ware that the Government is plan-
ling to spend BILLIONS of dollars
or PREPAREDNESS; and that, of
ourse, is going to help business, in-
lustry, and employment. It will mean
m enormous demand for raw ma-
erials, perhaps the erection of more
actories and the expansion of those
low in existence, and the employ-
nent of thousands of additional peo-
)le. Moreover, the indications are we
ihall have to develop new materials
md new markets in this country, be-
'ause of the European War; and this,
oo, will require more materials, new
actories, and additional man-power.

Then, there is always the problem
f REPLACEMENT of MANPOWER,
s older employees or executives are
vromoted, retired, or eliminated from
he field. In other words, everv JOB
r POSITION held by anyone TO-
|)AY must be filled, sooner or later,
y someone ELSE.

The South is growing in every way
-and this means more factories, a
reater demand for raw materials,
nore freight to be handled, and more
obs.

So ... . we repeat, don't let any-
ne tell you that there are NO OP-
"ORTUNITIES today— or that there
vill NOT be any TOMORROW— for
hose who can see AHEAD and who
tre PREPARED— TRAINED. Our
uggestion would be that you select
'our vocation, profession, or field
. . NOW .... while you are
roung, and PREPARE yourself ac-
ordingly.

Next, assuming that you have made
rp your mind as to what you want
,o do, and have planned to make a
:uccess of your life, you must DARE
:o carry out your plans. You must
)ARE to work hard; DARE to AC-
:OMPLISH in spite of difficulties

The DEVELOPMENT of one's



BRAIN and the ACQUISITION of
SKILL mav be compared with the
PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT o f
one's Body and LEARNING to PER-
FORM PHYSICAL feats. You know
the ONLY way vou can develop your
BODY is through the PROPER "EX-
ERCISE — and you have to do the ex-
ercise YOURSELF. Likewise, th
only way vou can develon vourself
MENTALLY or SKILLFULLY is by
YOUR OWN EFFORTS— no one
ELSE can do it for you.

William H. Danfortn, Chairman of
the Board of the Ralston Purina Com-
pany of St. Louis, Missouri, wrote an
interesting book, entitled "I DARE
YOU!," in which he tells this story
on himself:

"As a small boy I lived in the
country, surrounded by swamp lands
and contracted chills and fever and
malaria. When I came to the City to
school, I was sallow-cheeked and hol-
low-chested. One of my teachers
was a 'HEALTH crank,' and one day
he said, 'I DARE you to be the
HEALTHIEST bov in the Class!'

"That brought ME up with a JAR!
Around me were boys all STRONGER
and more ROBUST than I. To be the
HEALTHIEST bov in the Class, when
I was THIN and SALLOW, and im-
agined, at least, that I was full of
SWAMP POISON— whv, THE MAN
WAS CRAZY! But ." ... I was
brought up to TAKE DARES. His
voice went on and he pointed directl
at ME!

" 'As he talked, something seemed
to happen inside me.' 'My blood was
up. It answered the dare and surged
all through my body into tingling
finger tips as though itching for bat-
tle!

"I CHASED the poisons out of my
SYSTEM! I built a body that has
outlived and outlasted most of my
classmates! Since that day I haven't
lost any time on account of sickness.
You can imagine how often I have
blessed that teacher who DARED a
SALLOW-CHEEKED BOY to be the
HEALTHIEST in the Class."

That earlv experience developed the
"I-DARE-YOU" habit, or philosophy,
with Mr. Danforth, and he has used
that THEORY throughout his suc-
cessful business career as a means of
developing SALESMEN. SECRE-
TARIES, and EXECUTIVES.

Continuing, Mr. Danforth says:

"My life in business and my con-
tacts with young people have con-
vinced me that the world is full of
UNUSED talents and LATENT abil-
ity. The reason these talents lie
BURIED is the INDIVIDUAL hasn't



the COURAGE to DIG THEM UP
and USE them! Everybody should
be doing BETTER than he is, but
only a few DARE!

"Prospectors for GOLD tell us that
GOLD is where they FIND it. It may
be in the bed of a river or on the
mountain top; and prospectors for
COURAGE tell us the same thing.
The one who DARES may be found
in a cottage or in a castle — (History
abounds with examples that prove
this)."

Like Mr. Danforth, I CHALLENGE
each of YOU to do your BEST— to
make a SUCCESS of your life! Once
you DARE, once you STOP DRIFT-
ING with the crowd and face life
COURAGEOUSLY, life will take on
a NEW significance for you. New
FORCES will develop WITHIN you!
New POWERS will manifest them-
selves!

As an illustration, let me suggest
that you assign to yourself the job
of writing an article on some very
important subject, in order to help
other people in some way. You will
immediately find yourself referring
to books or any other material you
can find on the subject, and you will
likewise find yourself engrossed in
deep thought. Finally, you will as-
semble all your facts, and express
yourself in the best language you
know how — all of which will naturally
contribute to your MENTAL
GROWTH or DEVELOPMENT.

"You MULTIPLY your daring a
hundred-fold by SHARING I T S
FRUITS. You give your life away"
— in serving for others, for instance
— " and, behold, a richer life comes
back to YOU! In other words, you
have to GIVE to GET." That is the
Law of Compensation. Qualify your-
self to give something WORTH-
WHILE to the WORLD, and the
WORLD will give something
WORTH-WHILE in return. In pre-
paring yourself for success, also
learn to be a good citizen. If you
do great things for your NEIGH-
BORS and your COMMUNITY, then
they will do great things for YOU.

The very fact that this occasion is
referred to as "Commencement"
should be an indication to you that
you are expected to COMMENCE,
here and now, to build a SUCCESS-
FUL life, to PREPARE and DARE—
to do YOUR BEST! You are also
going to find, as you go along, if you
wish to GROW and go FORWARD,
vou must be OPEN-MINDED, OPTI-
MISTIC, and ENTHUSIASTIC. You
must listen to the fellow who has
something WORTH-WHILE to say,
and you must read good books and
magazines for information and inspir-
ation. You must read the daily
papers, to keep informed about con-
ditions, generally — to be a well in-
formed person and enjoy the confi-
dence and respect of your neighbor
and your fellow-man.

You should make all the CON-
TACTS you can; mix and mingle with
other people — get to know them bet-
ter and let them know you.

(Continued on page 28)



26



The Educator








J. A. Buell, penmanship teacher in
the Minneapolis Business College,
Minneapolis, Minnesota, has to date
won 5868 penmanship certificates.
We doubt whether any business col-
lege teacher anywhere has a record
this good.

Mr. Buell has been turning out
constantly good business writers for
many years. He is a conscientious
hard-working penmanship teacher
who understands boys and girls and
who realizes the importance of hand-
writing. We congratulate Mr. Buell
on his success in teaching.



DIPLOMAS




AMES AND ROLL1NSON

50 CHURCH ST. -NEW YORK.

1— ONE OR A THOUSAND -lOOO



Margaret M. Marble, first vice-president of
the National Handwriting Council : member
of the executive board of the National As-
sociation of Penmanship Teachers and Super-
visors : Supervising Teacher of Handwriting
in the elementary schools of Cincinnati. Ohio.



A LESSON IN ROUNDHAND

A roundhand alphabet for youi
scrapbook and for study and imita
tion. There is a peculiar charm t(
this specimen due to its rounding
graceful turns.

Get the down strokes uniform ii
slant and thickness of stroke. Prac
tice will enable you to make th<
shades the same thickness.

Rule head and base pencil guid(
lines. It is important to have eacl
letter resting on the base line. Be
sure to hit the line hard but don'i
go through it.

Practice each letter by itself. StudJ
details carefully. Be sure you know
what the correct form should be
then go ahead and practice until yot
can make them well.

It's your average that counts no
how well you make one letter.



S. E. BARTOW



Samuel Everett Bartow was a na-
tive of Cassville, Ohio. He receivec
his training in the public schools
there and later attended the Oberlin
Ohio Business College, which is th
present Oberlin College. At Oberlin
Ohio, Mr. Bartow came under the in
struction of Uriah McKee, a famoui
penman of that day. Mr. Bartow was
a member of the faculty of the
Albany Business College, Albany, N'
Y., for 23 years.

Mr. Bartow came to New York ir
September. 1912 to join the faculty o;
the Palmer Method School of Pen
manship, which was conducted undei
the jurisdiction of The A. N. Palmei
Company. Mr. Bartow continued hi



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