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The Educator (Volume 53) online

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Ornamental Penmanship

By J. E. LESTER, R. 3, Vandalla, Illinois


Ah! What soothing charm and
magic grace ornamental penmanship
contain. There is something about it
that fellows like the Editor can't

We study ornamental, analyze it,
idealize it and talk about it in our
sleep. Some of my good friends are

like that too. Really you can get
loads of pleasure out of the old
oblique and while you are practicing,
you are not getting into mischief.

One editor and publisher of a
county newspaper, head of a large
printing establishment and one who
has enjoyed success in a big way,
writes, "I have been enjoying the
Educator and I particularly want to

compliment you on some of the
beautiful stuff, (Webster defines stuff
as refuse; nonsense; trash) you have
been turning out. I do not do any
pen work as I do not have the time
but I still love it and occasionally
look over scrapbooks and specimens."
Let's all heed the slogan, "Practice
ornamental penmanship and stay
young." Ed.


Lesson No. 3. Ex. 1. If you have mastered the D the O should be easy. The O is merely the finishing strokes
of the D. Keep the shades on the right slant and notice how the shade lines up with the first stroke. See what
beautiful shades and ovals you can get.


The Educator


Ex. 2. Keep the eye of the E well open and see what balance you can get out of the two ovals. Notice
the shade comes above the crossing.


Ex. 3. In the B you have only one kind of shade — a stem shade. The second shade, if desired, is only a stem
shade continuing on. Watch the slant of both strokes. The last stroke barely strikes the top of the first.

Ex. 4. Ornamental not only includes capitals but also the small letters. For some reason they never get
enough attention. Give these small letters a lot of attention. Accuracy cannot be overemphasized here.

A capital in ornamental can look fairly good if not correct and still pass the public, but the small letters
just have to be good. A good movement and accuracy are to be mastered. Be sure to dot all i's and j's carefully.


This alphabet was prepared by E. H. McGHEE, the engrosser, of Trenton, New Jersey. It Is very care-
fully prepared, giving you an excellent picture of each letter. Study it for it will bear very close in-
spection and Imitation.


National Business Teachers Association

Association Officers

L. H. Diekroger, President

Hadley Technical High School

3405 Bell Avenue

St. Louis, Missouri

Mary L. Sufana, 1st Vice President

Washington High School

East Chicago, Illinois

Willis Kenealy, 2nd Vice President

State Department of Education

Sacramento, California

Robert Finch, Secretary

Supervisor Business Education

Cincinnati Public Schools

Cincinnati, Ohio

Ray G. Price, Treasurer

University of Minnesota

Minneapolis, Minnesota

Executive Board

L. H. Diekroger

Hadley Technical High School

St. Louis, Missouri

Jay R. Gates

Dyke and Spencerian College

Cleveland, Ohio

Jay W. Miller

Goldey College

Wilmington. Delaware

R. W. Alexander

Central High School

St. Louis, Missouri

Albert C. Fries

Northwestern University

Evanston, Illinois

Robert Finch

Supervisor of Business Education

Cincinnati, Ohio

L. H. Diekroeger — wife Myrtle.

Home Address — 6232 Northwood
Avenue, St. Louis, Missouri.

Assistant Principal Hadley Techni-
cal High School, St. Louis, Missouri.

Business Address — 3405 Bell Ave.

Began teaching in September 1919
— Head Department of Commercial
Training, Poplar Bluff, Missouri High
School — also served as basket-ball
and track coach — elected Principal of
the Poplar Bluff High School in 1920
— served as principal for three years.

Served as director of admissions
of Willima Woods College, Fulton,
Missouri, June 1923 to September

Entered the Hadley Technical High
School as a commercial teacher in
September 1930 — later serving as
Program Chairman of the General
Business and Stenographic depart-

Served as Administrative Assistant

to the Board of Examiners of the
St. Louis Board of Education in 1945.

Appointed assistant principal Had-
ley Technical High School, Septem-
ber 1946.

Member Methodist Church

Masonic Lodge

Served as secretary, vice-president
and president of the St. Louis NOMA
chapter. Served two as national
director of NOMA — Secretary St.
Louis NOMA chapter 1947-48.

Served as Director of Admissions
of Drake University while on leave
of absence from the St. Louis Public
Schools in 1944.

Belong to the following educational

National Education Association

United Business Educators Assn.

American Vocational Association

Missouri State Teachers Assn.

Missouri Vocational Association

International Society for Business

Have published articles in The
Journal of Business Education; Busi-
ness Education Digest, Business Edu-
cation World; NEA Quarterly; NB
TA Yearbook.

A member of Phi Delta Kappa

Graduate of Gregg College, Chicago

A. B. Degree, Central Wesleyan

M. A. Degree, University of Den-

Having done additional graduate
work in Missouri and Washington





At the Annual Convention of the
National Association of Accredited
Commercial Schools held this week
in St. Louis, Missouri, announcement
was made of the election of George
A. Meadows as the new President of
the Association.

The membership of the National
Association of Accredited Commer-
cial Schools includes leading private
commercial schools throughout the
United States which maintain high
standards and which must pass rigid

Meadows has been President of
the Meadows-Draughon College of
Shreveport, since 1923 and his school
was elected to membership in the
National Association of Accredited
Commercial Schools in 1929. He
formerly served as Vice President of
the Southern Division of the Associ-
ation and, also, as Editor of AC-
CREDITED NEWS. He succeeds
Sanford L. Fisher of Boston as
President of the National Associ-

The following officers were elected
to serve with Meadows:

Vice Presidents:

Eastern Division — Jay Miller, Gol-
dey College, Wilmington, Delaware

Western Division — Hugh Barnes,
Barnes School of Commerce, Denver,

Central Division — Jay Gates, Dyke
& Spencerian College, Cleveland, O.

Southern Division — M. O Kirk-
patrick, King's Business College,
Charlotte, North Carolina

Treasurer: Bruce Gates, Gates
College, Waterloo, Iowa

Secretary: J. K. Kincaid, Miller
School of Business, Cincinnati, Ohio

A meeting of the new Board, pre-
sided over by Meadows, was held in
St. Louis on January 1. The next
Board meeting will be held in Kansas
City the latter part of March.


A Series of Flourishes


By F. B. COURTNEY, 12365 Cherrylawn Avenue, Detroit, Michigan

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i 1 A

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' 'ST..., Z

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April 2, 1948, our beloved friend,
the "Wizard Penman" or as some
others call him the "Prince of Pen-
men", will have reached his eighty-
first birthday. He was born in Wor-
cester, Massachusetts on Apr. 2,
1867. In his early youth he became
interested in penmanship and later,
came under the instruction of Prof.
A. H. Hinman, the "Wizard Black-
board Embellisher" whose skill on
the blackboard has never been

equaled. He became greatly inter-
ested in young Courtney, and helped
him along as far as his skill could
push him but finally Courtney began
to rise up and above his teacher, to
the realm where few have had the
pleasure to move about, because so
few have ever been able to reach that
height. In my opinion, the three
greatest Blackboard Embellishers
were, A. H. Hinman, Francis B.
Courtney and L. Faretra.

In the real skill with the pen, no
penman of any age has been able to

do as many stunts, of such a high
grade of perfection as our own
beloved Francis Bernard Courtney.
Congratulations to Courtney!

Lets remember Mr. Courtney by
sending him letters or cards, showing
how much we, as friends and stu-
dents of his, appreciate him as a
man and teacher, and for his high
place in the penmanship profession.
His address is 12365 Cherrylawn
Ave., Detroit, Michigan.

A friend and student,

Major F. O. Anderson


Lessons In Broad Pen Lettering

By A. M. GROVE, Kassell Engrossing Studio, Chicago. 111.

E SOLVED, that the foregoing
expression or tire {eolinqs of
the members or the Board of
Directors be recorded in the miniates
of mis meeting, and that a suitably en-
qrossed copy be sent to cadi surviving
member of tire tamity. \x^^v.


The accompanying paragraph is
part of a memorial resolution and
shows the practical application of
the alphabet which has been running
in this series.

In laying out a piece of work it
is well to plan it carefully, even
though it is a simple looking job.
First, rule marginal lines leaving
plenty of white space. Block off the
initial letter and rule pencil head
and base guide lines ' for the small
letters. After you have ruled the
guide lines recheck them for accur-
acy of ruling.

It is necessary to accurately sketch
in pencil the different letters and to
make them come out even on the
right hand margin. The right hand
margin can be made even if one
takes enough time and care in plan-

We offer the following suggestions
for coloring the initial letters: Make

the first of the initial in gold and
also the leaves of the vine inside the
background. Paint the background
inside of the R in purple gray. This
is obtained by mixing Chinese white
and Paynes gray with a little mauve.
The patches inside the letter can be
painted purple and green.

Of course, there are many colors
which can be used in place of the
above suggested color scheme. The
colors are usually combined with
gold or silver.

A good brush is necessary. The
brush should come to a sharp point
and not be too large.

The colors in engrossing are
usually mixed with Chinese white to
make them opaque. They can be
painted on almost any smooth sur-
face where transparent colors would
not work. On sheepskin and similar
smooth surfaces use opaque colors,
not transparent. Use very little
water in the paint and white.


Several photostats of engrossed
resolutions have been received from
Mr. R. M. Roudabush, 3608 Quesada
St., Washington, D. C.

The lettering is some of the finest
and most modern we have seen re-
cently. Mr. Roudabush is a very
careful and skillful workman.



Excellent opportunity for
advancement for young man
with some experience.
Write to Box 654, c/o The
Educator, Columbus, Ohio.


Make Opportu

JUST to let you Make Opportunity Count
and see my beautifully addressed envelope,
"excelled by none today". REED, and
dozen well written cards. ONE dollar bill.
M. OTERO COLMENERO, Pen Artist, 790
Riverside Drive, Apartment 10-L, New
York 32, N. Y.

The Educator


These specimens and flourishes were written by B. F. BRIMMER, <>i Lutesville, M


SHIP makes fa- this FREE Book*

vorable impressions and helps you win
success. Poor penmanship contributes to
failure. It makes no difference how poor
you now write, you can quickly and easily
learn Business Writing, and you can learn
Shaded Writing also right in your own
home during spare time by my Simplified
Method, without cost of going away to
school. Easy Lessons. Diploma.

: m;

'How to Be-
come an Expert Penman." which contains
valuable information and many specimens
of penmanship that show what others have
learned by taking my Courses. If you
enclose 10c, I will send you one of my
Favorite Penpoints suitable for plain or
shaded Writing, and your name with a
beautiful flourished bird written on a card.


Member N, A. T. A.

uperior placement service.


Extreme teacher shortage continues in
all departments. Enroll now for mid-
year and 1948 vacancies. Unlimited
opportunities throughout the West.


Y T ou may be from Missouri. You may
believe that grapho analysis is not work-
able, but such commercial educators as
George Meadows, A. P. Meub and J. I.
Kinman would not say "OK" If it was not
a time saver, accurate, of real use in
business and in the school room. We in-
vite you to send for the GRAPHO
ANALYST, test lesson, and FREE exami-
nation form. American Institute of Grapho
Analysis, Inc. Sec. 4, Springfield, Missouri.




Booklet or Sheet Form— Artistic Designs —
Attractive Covers — Leather and Imitation.
Diploma Filling a Specialty. Send for
Samples and Quotations.

Best Quality — Lowest Cost




The Educator


*^z?, /^//io

This letter was written to Mr. C. A. Barnett of Cleveland, Ohio, by S. E. LESLIE a short time before
his death. It was never intended for publication which makes it all the more interesting.


Champion of the Octogenarians

This skillfully executed flourish accompanied a Christmas Greeting from L. M. KELCHNER of 5002 Wallingford Ave., Seattle, Wash-
ington. Each year, without fail, we receive a beautifully flourished card from him. It is our impression that Mr. Kelchner sends out
these attractive flourished birds in large quantities to penmen and friends. The work is remarkable when you consider that Mr. Kelch-
ner has reached his 86th birthday. We doubt whether there is another penman of that age who can equal this work. It is remarkably
steady in quality of line, and is beautifully designed.

Congratulations, Mr. Kelchner, and best wishes for many more years of flourishing and pen work.

Mr. Kelchner at one time was connected with The Zanerian College. He taught penmanship in Dixon, Illinois for many years before going
to Seattle, Washington.


By Guy Lockwood

He sent me a letter requesting
A favor, and asking; reply,
Although to me he is a stranger,
Therefore he failed to comply
With one little rule — quite impor-
tant —
'Though few observe it — or try —
When asking a favor of strangers
Send envelope, stamped, for reply;
Its just a small matter, I grant it,
But from small things the BIG

things are planned,
Out of atoms the earth is created,
The sea and the sky and the land,

Keep square your account in small

And you'll work as the Builder has

He sent me a letter requesting
A favor, I laid it aside,
"It deserves no reply" said I to I,
Besides I am busy. I tried
To simply ignore that same letter
But couldn't — and then came the

It was far worse for me to ignore it,
My duty was plain — I must write;
His fault, a mistake, mere ommision,
An oversight, easily made,
But mine was a sin of commission
And far worse than his I'm afraid,
Par better that he be the debtor

And my obligations all paid.
He sent me a letter requesting
A favor, my thanks here I send,
It offered a chance for a service,
A kind good-will-act to a friend;
Suppose he had made, by ommiting
A stamp, a slight error, we'll say,
Was that a good reason for stalling
Or throwing his letter away?
How often I've erred in my acting,
Made mistakes and ommisions as

And friends overlooked my trans-
I came near to being a cad,
And so I'll reply to his letter,
My soul once more clean, I am glad.


Roundhand or Engrossers Script

By the Educator Staff


The capital stem is the foundation of many letters. Study the alphabet and you will see it repeated in many
letters. In some it is slightly modified in size or otherwise.

Master this stroke and many of the letters are half mastered. Simply by adding a cap like in T and F, a top
like in P or I or a loop as in S, L and G, and the letters are completed without much additional work. It may
not be quite that easy but it is a big help to analyze and classify the letters into groups with similar strokes
or forms.

The stem is a compound curve, beginning with a hairline. It increases quickly into a full width shade
which is carried down near to the baseline where it again tapers into a hairline. Most of the stems end with
a neat dot slightly above the baseline. This is not true in letters where the stem continues from one stem to
another part of the letter as in W, Z, etc.

Practice on the stem as a separate exercise, then take up each letter individually. An excellent method is
to intersperse the stem with each letter.

Work the P, B and R group together. Be sure that the beginning loop is the same slant, size and shape in
all three letters. Draw a slant line through the loop in the copy, then one through your letters. Are they the
same slant? Compare the size of the loops in T and F with the loops in P, B and R. Do they come down half

Practice the I and J together. The tops should be the same, but the bottoms are different. The loop of the
J is the same size as the loop in Z.

The oval in S, L and G will require practice. You should first get a good ideal in mind, then practice and
practice until you have developed sufficient skill to make it gracefully. The crossing in S is in the center of
the stem.

Our aim is to get you to become a careful observer of details, and a tireless worker. We could tell you many
more things about the letters in this group but we want you to have some fun studying them for yourselves.

Send us some of your practice work and ask for a few suggestions for improvement. No charge, but do
enclose a stamped, addressed envelope, please.


We are in need of an engrosser.
Excellent opportunity. Send spec-
imens and application to the


53 W. Jackson Blvd.
Chicago 4, Illinois

The McGhee Studio

Makers and designers of


143 East State Street

Estimates furnished
Trenton, N. J.

The Educator


Lessons in Card Carving

By J. D. CARTER, Deerfleld, Illinois

This month we present some simple
designs in Card Carving which illus-
trate how card carving can be used
on various greeting cards.

Use a jack-knife. By experiment-
ing a little with various blades you
can determine what is best to use.
In some places you need a sharp
pointed knife and in other places a
round end on the blade.

To keep your knife in sharp con-
dition keep a good stone handy and
at frequent intervals, or whenever
necessary, touch up the blade on the
stone. By designing in pencil the
flowers, etc., very beautiful effects
can be secured. At least, you should
know definitely what you plan to
make. Without some kind of an out-
line it is difficult to get a good de-
sign. Most of the strokes are cut
by pulling towards the body, how-
ever, some of them can be made
away from the body.

Use a combination of knifeman-
ship, nen and ink. and brush work.
A little color adds greatly to the
body and beautv of design.

George Washington's Will

(Continued from Page 16 & 17)

It was a very delicate job to clean,
patch, and restore this badly delapi-
dated piece of handwriting. The ink
and paper were faded, dirty and
worn from constant use and exposure
to air and sunlight.

Since the writing was on both
sides of the paper each sheet was
split in two and pasted on paper to
match. Very thin knives and strong
glasses were used. Many pieces of
the paper had been broken off. These
holes had to be patched by paper
which matched. The cutting out and
pasting of these small pieces of paper
required great skill and care. Each
page after being mounted and re-
stored was treated to set the ink
and cover the pages to keep out air
and light and to prevent further loss
from exposure.

Fortunately old yellow paper was
found by paper experts which turned
out to be some which was originally
made for Washington containing his
own watermark.

i/fid '




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Engrossers and penmen could learn
much from this remarkable restora-
tion job. Many of our readers will,
no doubt, want to join the thousands
who annually visit Fairfax and in-
spect this truly great work of art.

George Washington was a good
penman — he was a great man

The specimen on page 17 was pub-
Isihed in England in 1740, and en-
graved by George Bickham. It is
interesting to compare the writing
of people during the time of Wash-
ington with the work of the English
penmen. The G in the specimen
page 17 and the G in Washington's
signature are quite similar. Notice
also the similarity between the W
page 17 and the W in Washington.
There is also a similarity in the

JEirtijiiag ©reetmgs

Most of our readers have seen the
signatures on the Declaration of
Independence. John Hancock's signa-
ture has always been considered one
of the oldest and it too was fashioned
after the styles used by the English

There are many interesting com-
parisons which the penmenship
teachers can make in writing that
will help to make the handwriting
more interesting, especially in the
upper grades.

The Editor would welcome articles,
specimens, and comments from our
readers on any phase of penmanship.
We are always on the lookout for
helpful material which we can pass
on to our readers.

You do not associate scrawly,
illegible handwriting with intelli-


The Educator


January 7, 1948
Mr. E. A. Lupfer,
The Educator,
612 North Park St.,
Columbus 8, Ohio.

Dear Mr. Lupfer:

Some of the Chicago engrossers,
penmen and ex-Zanerians gathered
at the home of Rene' Guillard, Evan-
ston, Illinois, on December 27, 1947,
at his invitation to an excellent
dinner prepared by Mrs. Guillard.
They sat down at a table loaded
with nice things to eat and drink, a
wonderful dinner at which Mr. Guil-
lard assisted as table waiter. He
said he had served an apprentice-
ship waiting on tables while attend-
ing the Zanerian.

After dinner, we reviewed his
scrapbooks. He has a stack of them
filled with a collection of exquisite
penmanship, lettering and flourishing
by all of the outstanding masters,
past and present, a feast for the soul
of any penman. The walls of his
home are decorated with framed
specimens of flourishing, engrossing
and lettering by Blanchard and
Brown, and this also includes some
of Guillard's own lettering, illuminat-
ing and ornamental penmanship,
which places him up in the very
heights of penmanship profession.

It was impossible to do justice to
his collection of scrap books in one
afternoon and evening. A most en-

joyable time was had by those pre-
sent, namely, A. T. Bondy, C. L.
Cook, L. L. Fields, A. M. Grove, L. F.
Klarquist, H. C. Keyelts and H. J.

We would have liked to have had
you with us this year and we hope
at some future gathering you will be
able to be present.

Yours sincerely,

H. J. Walter

100 North LaSalle St.,

Chicago, Illinois

Editor's Comment: Sorry I could
not be with you. I would have en-
joyed the dinner, the specimens, the
privilege of visiting with you and
renewing old acquaintances.

It would have brought back old
memories to have seen Mr. Guillard
don an apron. For the benefit of our
readers, let us explain that when Mr.
Guillard attended the Zanerian it
was the custom of students to work
in restaurants for meals.

It has been pointed out that
several good eating places were com-
pelled to close their doors on account
of the amount of food consumed by
these same hungry penmen. Others
state that the good food consumed
in Columbus gave them the strength

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