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EXCHANGE





OEPT.



COMMONWEALTH BUREAU OF CENSUS AND STATISTICS.

MELBOURNE.



LOCAL GOVERNMENT
IN AUSTRALIA.



Prepared under instructions from
THE MINISTER OF STATE FOR HOME AND TERRITORIES,



BY



G. H. KNIBBS, C.M.G.,

Hon. Fellow of the Royal Statistical Society, Membre
de 1'Institut Internationa! de Statistique, Honprary
Member of American Statistical Association and of the
Societe de Statistique de Paris, &c., &c.

COMMONWEALTH STATISTICIAN.



JULY, 1919.




C.7099.

[C.S. 346.]



By Authority :
Albert J. Mullett, Government Printer, Melbourne.



* ^



%



<?



PREFACE.



Up to the present time, no systematic attempt has been made to investigate the
various systems of Local Government in all the Australian States. As it is desired, if
possible, to utilize the municipal subdivision of the States as a basis for the presentation
of data in connexion with the next census, it has been considered advisable to undertake
a fairly exhaustive examination of the systems at present in force. At the same time,
the development of Local Government in Australia has been traced from its inception,
and all available statistical information collected.

In the conspectus at the end are given details not only of all the Acts at present in
force which relate to Local Government directly, but also of such Acts the carrying out
of the provisions of which may be handed over to or undertaken by Local Authorities.

Undertakings of public utility, which are managed solely by Government officials,
are not mentioned in the following pages, except in a few cases, where circumstances
warranted it, such as in the case of a public utility having been first managed by a
Local Authority and subsequently by Government, or vice versa.

It is appropriate to acknowledge here the services of Mr. Brian H. H. Hooker, of this
Bureau, in connexion with the critical collation of a great number of parliamentary Acts
and official documents, and the preparation of the large amount of tabular matter required
in the work.



G. H. KNIBBS,

Commonwealth Statistician.



Commonwealth Bureau of Census and Statistics,
Melbourne, 8th July, 1919.



411519



CONTENTS.



Section. Subject. Page

I. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1

II. Municipalities, &c. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8

III. Water Supply and Sewerage . . . . . . . . . . 155

IV. Harbour Trusts and Marine Boards . . . . . . . . ..212

V. Fire Brigade Boards . . . . . . . . . . ..222

VI. Conspectus of Acts relating to Local Government . . . . . . 229

VII. Chronological Table of the Principal Acts relating to Local Government . . 308



SYNOPSIS.



SECTION I INTRODUCTION.



PAGE
1. Local Government

1. General .. .. ..1

(i) Municipalities . . . . 1

(ii) Water, Sewerage and Irrigation

Boards . . . . . . 1

(iii) Harbour and Marine Boards . .

(iv) Fire Brigade Boards. . 1

2. Early History of Local Government

in Australia . . . . . . 2

3. History of Local Government in the

various States . . . . 2

(i) New South Wales . . . . 2

(ii) Victoria . . . . . . 2

(iii) Queensland.. .. ..2

(iv) South Australia

(a) Road Boards . . . . 3

(ft) Municipal Corporations . .

(c) District Councils . . 3

(d) City of Adelaide .. 3
(v) Western Australia . . . . 3

(vi) Tasmania . . . . . . 4

(a) Road Districts . . 4

(ft) Rural Municipalities .. 4

(c) Town Boards . . 4

(d) Fruit Boards . . . . 4

(e) Rabbit Trusts . . . . 4
(/) Local Boards of Health . . 4
(g) Boards of Works . . 4
(h) Recreation Ground Trusts 4
() School Boards . . . . 4
(j) City of Hobart . . 4
(k) City of Launceston . . 5

2. Water Supply, Sewerage, and Irrigation

1. General .. .. ..5

(i) Water Supply . . . . 5

(ii) Sewerage . . . . . . 5

(iii) Irrigation and Drainage . . 5

2. New South Wales . . . . 5

(i) Sydney Water Supply . . 5

(ii) Sydney Sewerage . . 5

(iii) Hunter District Water Supply 5

(iv) Hunter District Sewerage . . 5

(v) Water Supply in Country Towns 5

(vi) Sewerage in Country Towns . . 5
(vii) Water, Irrigation and Drainage

Trusts . . . . 5



PAGE

3. Victoria .. .. ..6

(i) Melbourne Water Supply . . 6

(ii) Melbourne Sewerage . . . . 6

(iii) Geelong Waterworks and

Sewerage . . . . . . 6

(iv) Water Supply in Country

Towns . . . . . . G

(v) Irrigation . . . . . . 6

4. Queensland . . . . 6

(i) Brisbane Water Supply . . 6

(ii) Brisbane Sewerage . . . . 6

(iii) Water Supply in Country

Towns . . . . . . 6

(iv) Irrigation . . . . . .

5. South Australia . . . .

(i) Adelaide Water Supply . . 6

(ii) Adelaide Sewerage . . . . 6

(iii) Water Supply in Country

Towns . . . . 6

(iv) Drainage . . . . . . 6

(v) Irrigation . . . . . .

6. Western Australia .. ..7

(i) Perth and Fremantle Water

Supply . . . . 7

(ii) Metropolitan Sewerage . . 7

(iii) Goldfields Water Supply . . 7
(iv) Water Supply in Country

Towns . . . . 7
(v) Drainage . .

7. Tasmania . . . . . . 7

(i) Hobart Water Supply . . 7

(ii) Hobart Sewerage . . . . 7

(iii) Launceston Water Supply . . 7

(iv) Launceston Sewerage . . 7
(v) Water Supply in Country

Town? . . ' . . . . 7



3. Harbour and Marine Boards-

1. Harboiir Boards

2. Marine Boards . .



4. Fire Brigade Boards

1. General



SECTION EL-MUNICIPALITIES, ETC.



New South Wales-

(A) MUNICIPALITIES AND SHIRES.

1. General Review .. .. ..8

2. Legislation prior to the Formation of

Parish Road Trusts . . 8

3. Parish Roads Act 1840 . . 8

4. District Councils Act 1842 . . 9

5. Sydney Suburban Roads Act 1848 . . 9

6. Municipalities Act 1858 .. ..10

7. Municipalities Act 1867 . . . . 11

(i) Boroughs . . . . 11

(ii) Municipal Districts . . . . 11

8. Local Government (Shires) Act 1905 . . 11

9. Local Government Ext,enstion Act 1906 11



10. Local Government Act 1906 . . 11

(i) Areas Incorporated . . . . 12

(ii) Provisions of the Art . . 12

(a) Allocation of Areas . . 12

(b) Cities . . . . . . 12

(c) Reconstitution of Areas . . 12

(d) Constitution of Councils . . 12

(e) Qualifications of Electors

and Councillors . . 12
(/) Functions of Councils . . 13
(a) Rates and Rateable Pro-
perty . . . . 13
(i) General Rates . . 13
(ii) Special Rates . . 14
(iii) Local Rates .. 14
(iv) Loan Rates.. .. 14
(//) Borrowing Powers . . 14
(i) Endowment . . . . 14



VI



SYNOPSIS.



SECTION II. MUNICIPALITIES, -ETC. continued.



PAGE
. 14
. 14
17



11. Revenue, Expenditure, &c.
(i) Municipalities
(ii) Shires

(B) CITY OF SYDNEY.

1 . General . . . . . . 18

2. Legislation previous to Incorporation

in 1842 . . . . . . 18

3. Incorporation of the City of Sydney

Act 1842 .. .. .'.18

4. Sydney Corporation Act 1850 . . 19

5. Dissolution of the City Council, 1853 19

6. Restoration of the City Council, 1857 19

7. Sydney Corporation Act 1879 . . 20

8. Sydney Corporation Amendment Act

1900 . . . . . . . . 20

9. Sydney Corporation Act 1902 . . 20
10. Revenue, Expenditure, <fcc. . . 20

(C) SUMMARY TABLES.
1. Revenue, Expenditure. &c. . . 23

(D) MUNICIPAL GAS WORKS.

1. General .. .. . . 26

2. Revenue, Expenditure, etc. . . 2<>

(E) MUNICIPAL ELECTRICITY WORKS.

1. Genera! . . . . . . 27

2. Revenue, Expenditure, <vc. . . 27

2. Victoria

(A) MUNICIPALITIES AND SHIRES.

1. General Review .. .. ..28

2. Legislation prior to the Formation of

Road Districts . . . . 29

3. Roads Act 1853 . . . . . . 29

4. Municipal Institutions Act 1854 .. 29

5. Local Government Act 186:> . 30

6. Public Works Statute 18(i;> . 30

7. Shires Statute 1869 . . .30

8. Boroughs Statute 1869 . . .30

9. Local Government Act 1874 . 30

10. Local Government Act 1890 . 31

11. Country Roads Act 1912 . . .32

12. Rating on Unimproved Values Act

1914 . . . . . . . . 32

13. Workers'. Dwellings Act 1914 . . 32

14. Local Government Act 1915 . . 32

(i) Constitution of Municipalities.. 32

(a) Shires .. ..32

(b) Boroughs . . . . 32

(c) Townships . . . . 32

(d) Dissolution of Boroughs

and Shires . . . . 33

(ii) Qualifications of Councillors . . 33
(iii) Qualifications of Electors. &c. 33
(iv) Powers and Functions of Coun-
cils .. .. ..33

(v) Rateable Property and Method

of Valuation . . . . 34

(vi) Rates .. . . . . 34

(a) General Rates . . . . 34

(b) Extra Rates . . . . 34

(c) Separate Rates . . 34
(vii) Borrowing Powers . . . . 35

(viii) Endowment . . . . 35

15. Municipal Rates Recovery Act 1916 ., 35

16. Revenue, Expenditure. <Vc. .. 36

(B) CITY OF MELBOITKM:.

1. General Review .. ..42

2. Incorporation of the City of Melbourne

Act 1842 .. .. ..42

3. Revenue, Expenditure, <fec. . . 42

(C) CITY OF GEELONG.

1. General Review .. ..45

2. Incorporation of the Town of Geelong

Act 1849 . . ... ) . . 45

3. Revenue, Expenditure, &c. . . 45

(D) SUMMARY TABLES.

1. Revenue, Expenditure, &c. .. 48

(E) GOVERNMENT EXPENDITURE.
1. Expenditure by Government .. 51



(F) COUNTRY ROADS BOARD.
1. Revenue and Expenditure



51



(G) MUNICIPAL TRAMWAYS.

1. General .. .. ..51

2. The Prahran-Malvern Tramway . . 52

3. The Melbourne, Brunswick, and

Coburg Tramway . . 52

4. The Hawthorn Tramway . . .52



Tramway

5. The North cote Tramway . .

6. Revenue, Expenditure, &c.



:>-2



3. Queensland

(A) MUNICIPALITIES, DIVISIONS AND SHIRES.

1. General Review .. ..52

2. Legislation prior to Separation . . 52

3. Municipal Institutions Act 1864 .. 53

4. Provincial Councils Act 1864 . . 53

5. Road Trusts . . . . . . 54

6. Local Government Act 1878 . . 54

7. Diiisional Boards Act 1879 . . 55

8. Divisional Boards Act 1887 . . :><;

9. Local Authorities Act 1902 . . 56

(i) Constitution of Local Authorities 5(i

(ii) Reconstitution of Areas . . 56

(iii) Constitution of Councils . . :>t>

(iv) Qualifications of Voters . . :>0

(v) Election of Members .. .. 57
(vi) Powers and Duties of Local

Authorities . . 57

(vii) Valuations and Rates . . 57

(a) General Rates . . . . 57

(b) Special Rates . . . . 58
(viii) Borrowing Powers . . 58

(ix) Tramways . . . . . . 58

(x) Agricultural Drainage . . 5^

(xi) Joint Action . . . . 5*

10. Reve'nue, Expenditure, *c. . . 59

(Ii) CITY OF BRISBANE.

1. General . . . . . . 66

2. Revenue, Expenditure, tvc. . . 66

(C) SUMMARY TABLES.

1. Revenue, Expenditure, &c. .. 70

(D) ELECTRIC LIGHTING AND TRAMWAYS.

1. Electric Lighting and Power . 72

2. Municipal Tramways . . .72

3. Revenue, Expenditure. &c. . 73

4. Rockhampton Tramway . . .73

5. Revenue, Expenditure, &c. . 73

4. South Australia

(A) INTRODUCTORY.

1. General . . . . . . 73

(B) ROAD BOARDS.

1. Great Eastern Road Act 1841 . . 74

2. Main Roads Act 1849 . . . . 74

3. Main Roads Act 1852 . . . . 74

4. Roads Act 1865 . . . . . . 74

5. Main Roads Act 1874 . . . . 75

6. Roads Act 1884 . . . . . . 75

7. Length of Roads and Expenditure. . 75

(C) MUNICIPAL CORPORATIONS.

1. General .. .. ..76

2. Municipal Corporations Ordinance

1849 .. .. ,.78

3. Municipal Corporations Act 1861 . . 76

4. Municipal Corporations Act 1880 . . 76

5. Municipal Corporations Act 1890 . . 77

(i) Constitution of Areas . . 77

(ii) Constituti-n of Councils .. 77

(iii) Qualifications of Citizens . . 77

(iv) Election of Members of Councils 77

(v) Powers and Functions of

Councils . . . . . . 78

(vi) Valuation and Rates . . 78

(vii) Loans . . . . . . 78

(viii) Gas and Electric Light

6. Revenue, Expenditure, <vr. . . 78



SYNOPSIS.



vn



SECTION II. MUNICIPALITIES, ETC. continued.



' l>) UlSTUICT (.'Ol.'NClLS.

1. District Council* Art 1852 .. 81

2. District Councils Act 1853 . . 81

Jrirt Councils Act 1876 . . 82

i. Dittrlet OovHcttt Act 1887 .. 82

- District Councils Art 1914 . 53

(i) A roiis of Districts .. ..83

(ii) C(.ns( itution of Councils .. 83

(iii) Qualifications of Voters . . 83

(iv) Election of Councillors . . 83

(v) Duties and Powers of Councils . . 83

(vi) Valuation and Rates . . 84

(a) General Rate . . . . 84

(ft) Special Rate . . . . 84

(c) Separate Rate . . . . 84

(d) Differential Separate Rate 84

(e) Watering Rate . . 84
(v!i) Borrowing Powers . . . . 84

(viii) Government Grants . . 84

(ix) Joint Authorities . . . . 84

6. Revenue, Expenditure. &c. .. 85

(E) CITY OF ADELAIDE.

1 . General . . . . . . 87

2. Mii/liri/iri/ (_'<tfii-ir/it!(iiix Onliii'i/tn'

1840 .. .. ..87

3. Management of the City as a Go-

vernment Department, 1843 . . 88

4. Management of the City by Com-

missioners, 1849 . . . . 88
~>. Municipal Corporations Ordinance.

1849 .. .. ..88

6. Revenue, Expenditure, &c. . . 89

(F) ADELAIDE TRAMWAYS.

1. Municipal Tramways Trust .. 91

2. Revenue, Expenditure, <fcc. . . 92



(G) ADELAIDE ABATTOIRS.

1. General

2. Revenue, Expenditure, &c.



(H) SUMMARY TABLES.
1. Revenue, Expenditure. &c. .. 93

5. Western Australia

(A) INTRODUCTORY.
1. General Review . . . . 95

(B) TOWN TRUSTS AND MUNICIPALITIES.

1. Management, of Roads and Streets Act

1838 .. .. .. ..95

2. Towns Improvement Act 1839 . . 95

3. Towns Improvement Act 1841 . . 95

4. Towns Improvement Ordinance 1850' 96

5. Special Provisions for Fremantle . . 96

6. Municipal Institutions Act 1871 . . 96

7. Municipal Institutions Act 1876 . . 97

8. Municipal Institutions Act 1895 . . 98

9. Municipal Institutions Act 1900 . . 98

10. Municipal Corporations Act 1906 98

(i) Constitution of Municipalities.. 98

(ii) Constitution of Councils . . 98
(iii) Qualifications of Mayor and

Councillors . . . . 98

(iv) Qualifications of Electors . . 99

(v) Powers and Duties of Councils 99

(vi) Valuation of Rateable Property 99

(vii) Rates . . . . . . 99

(viii) Borrowing Powers . . . . 100

11. Revenue, Expenditure, &c. .. 100

(C) CITY OP PERTH.

1. General Review .. ..102

2. City of Perth Improvement Ordinance

'1858 .. .. ..102

3. Municipal Institutions Act 1871 . . 102

4. Perth Municipal Gas and Electric

Lighting Act 1911 . . . . 102

5. Electric. Light and Power Agreement

Act 1913 .. .. ..102

6. Revenue, Expenditure, <fcc. . . 102



(D) ROAD TRUSTS AND DISTBICTS.

1. Management of Roads and Streets Act

1838 . . . . . . . . 104

2. Roads and Streets Act 1841 . . 104

3. Roads Ordinance 1847 . . . . 105

4. District Roads Act 1871 . . . . 105

5. Roads Act 1888 . . . . . . 106

6. Roads Act 1902 . . . . . . 106

7. Roads Act 1911 . . . . . . 107

(i) Constitution of Road Districts 107

(ii) Constitution of Road Boards . . 107

(iii) Qualifications of Electors . . 107

(iv) Powers and Duties of Boards. . 107

, (v) Revenue of Boards . . . . 108

(vi) Valuation of Rateable Property 108

.. 109

.. 109

.. 109

.. 109

.. 109

. 109



(vii)

(a) General Rates . .
(ft) Local Rates
(c) Loan Rates
(viii) Auditors
8. Revenue, Expenditure, &c.

(E) LOCAL BOARDS OF HEALTH.

1. General .. .. .. 110

2. Public Health Act 1886 . . . . 110

3. Health Act 1898 .. .. ..Ill

4. Health Act 1911 . . . . . . Ill

5. Revenue, Expenditure, &c. .. 112

(F) SUMMARY TABLES.
1. Revenue, Expenditure, &c. .. 113

(G) MUNICIPAL TRAMWAYS.

1. General .. .. . . 114

2. Fremantle Tramways .. ,. . 114

3. Revenue, Expenditure, itc. . . 115

4. Leonora-Gwalia Tramway .. 115

5. Revenue, Expenditure ; etc. ' . . 115



6. Tasmania

(A) INTRODUCTORY.

1. General .. . . ..115

2. Expenditure by Government . . 116

(B) ROAD DISTRICTS.

1. Roads Act 1840 .. .. ..116

2. Hobart to Launceston Main Road Act

1847 .. .. ..116

3. Cross and Bye Roads Act 18 *7 . . 116

4. Roads exempted from the Cross and

Bye Roads Act . . . . 116

5. Cross and Rye Roads Act 1851 . . . 117

6. Cross and Bye Roads Act 1860 . . 117

7. Cross and Bye Roads Act 1870 . . 117

8. Main Roads Act 1880 . . . . 117

9. Branch Roads Construction Act 1881 118

10. Roads Maintenance Act 1881 . . 118

11. Roads Act 1884 .. . ..118

(i) General . . . . . 118

(ii) Roads . . . . . 118

(a) Main Roads . . . 118

(b) Cross Roads . . . 119

(c) By-Roads . ..119
(iii) Miscellaneous Provisions . . 119
(iv) Amendments . . . . 119

12. Main Roads Maintenance Act 1918 .. 119

(i) Main Roads . . . . 119

(ii) Main Roads Advisory Board . . 119

(iii) Revenue of the Board . . 119

(iv) Functions of the Board . . 119

(v) Maintenance of Main Roads . . 120

13. Revenue. Expenditure; &c. . . 120

(C) RURAL MUNICIPALITIES.

1. Rural Municipalities Act 1858 . . 122

2. Rural Municipalities Act 1865 . . 123

3. Amendments to the 1865 Act . . 123

4. Repeal of Rural Municipalities Act 124

5. Revenue, Expenditure, &c. .. 124



Vlll



SYNOPSIS.



SECTION II. MUNICIPALITIES, ETC. continued.



PAGE

(D) TOWN BOARDS.

1. Town Boards Act 1884 127

2. Town Boards Act 1891 . . . . 127

3. Town Boards Act 1896 . . . . 128

4. Repeal of Town Boards Act . . 128

5. Revenue, Expenditure, &c. . . 128

(E) FRUIT BOARDS.

1. General .. ..129

2. Codlin Moth Act 1887 . . . . 129

3. Codlin Moth Act 1888 . . . . 129

4. Abolition of Fruit Districts and

Boards . .. 130



(F) RABBIT BOARDS.

1. General .. ..130

2. Rabbits Destruction Act 1871 . . 130

3. Rabbits Destruction Act 1877 . . 130

4. Rabbits Destruction Act 1882 . . 130

5. Rabbits Destruction Act 1887 . . 130

6. Rabbits Destruction Act 1888 . . 130

7. Rabbits Destruction Act, 1889 . . 130

8. Local Government Act 1906 . . 130

9. Revenue and Expenditure . . 131

(G) LOCAL BOAKDS OP HEALTH.

1. General .. .. ..131

2. Public Health Act 1885 . . . . 131

3. Sanitary Rate Act 1887 . . . . 131

4. Public Health Act 1889 . . . . 131

5. Public Health Act 1903 . . . . 131

6. Health Rate Act 1905 . . . . 132

7. Local Government Act 1906 . . 132



(H) BOARDS OP WORKS.

1. General .. .. ..132

2.' Constitution and Functions of Boards 132
3. Revenue and Expenditure . . 132



(I) RECREATION GROUND TRUSTS.
1. General



132



(J) MUNICIPALITIES.

1. General . . . . . . 133

2. Local Government Act 1906 . . 133

(i) Incorporation of Municipalities 133

(ii) Formation and Alteration of

Municipalities .. ..133

(iii) Constitution of Councils . . 133
(iv) Qualifications of Councillors . . 133
(v) Qualifications of Electors . . 134
(vi) Local Districts and Local Com-
mittees .. .. ..134

(vii) Officers . . . . . . 134

(viii) Powers and Duties of Councils 134

(ix) United Municipalities . . 134

(x) Sources of Revenue . . . . 134

(xi) Rates . . . . . . 134

(a) General Rates . . . . 134

(6) Special Rates . . . . 134

(xii) Exemptions from Rating . . 135

(xiii) Borrowing Powers . . . . 135

(xiv) Audit . . . . . . 135

(xv) By-laws . . . . . . 135

(xvi) Water Districts . . . . 135

3. Revenue, Expenditure,. &c. . . 135



(K) CITY OP HOBART.

1. Police Act 1838 . . . . . . 136

2. Hobart Town Commissioners Act 1846 136

3. Hobart Town and Launceston Munici-

pal Councils Act 1852 . . . . 136

4. Hobart Toivn and Launceston Police

Act 1857 .. .. ..137

5. Hobart Town Corporation Act 1857. . 137

6. Hobart Town Improvement Act 1857 138

7. Hobart Town and Launceston Powers

Act 1857 . . . . . . 138



PAGE

8. Hobart Town Building Act 1858 ..138

9. Hobart Building Act 1886 . . 138

10. Hobart Corporation Act 1893 . . 138

11. Hobart Light Act 1896 . . . . 139

12. Revenue, Expenditure, &c. . . 139

13. Hobart Tramways .. ..142

(i) Hobart Tramway Company . . 142
(ii) Hobart Corporation Tramway

Act 1912 . . . . . . 142

(iii) Revenue, Expenditure, &c. . . 142

(L) CITY OP LAUNCESTON.

1. Police Act 1838 .. .. ..142

2. Hobart Town and Launceston Munici-

pal Councils Act 1852 . . . . 142

3. Launceston Building Act 1853 . . 143

4. Launceston Building Act 1854 . . 143

5. Hobart Town and Launceston Police

Act 1857 . . . . . . 143

6. Hobart Town and Launceston Powers

Act 1857 . . . . . . 143

7. Launceston Corporation Act. 1858 . . 143

8. Launceston Improvement Act 1858 . . 143

9. Amendments of the Launceston Cor-

poration Act 1858 . . . . 143

10. Launceston Corporation Act 1894 . . 143

11. Amendments of the Launceston Cor-

poration Act 1894 . . . . 143

12. Launceston Building Act 1894 . . 144

13. Launceston Water and Light Act 1895 144

14. Revenue, Expenditure, &c. . . 144

15. Launceston Tramways . . . . 147

(i) Launceston Tramway Act 1906 147
(ii) Launceston Tramivay Act (No. 3)
1908 .. .. .. ..147

(iii) Revenue, Expenditure, &c. . . 147

(M) ACTS BEARING ON LOCAL GOVERNMENT.

1. Police Acts .. ..147

(i) Police Act 1838 . . . . 147

(ii) Police Act 1865 . . . . 147

(iii) Rural Police Rate Act 1867 . . 148

(iv) Police Act Amendment Act 1883 148

(v) Police Act Amendment Act 1900 148

(vi) Police Act 1905 . . . . 148

2. Valuation Acts . . . . . . 148

(i) Property Valuation Act 1857 . . 148

(ii) Assessment Act 1898 . . 148

(iii) Assessment Act 1900. . . . 148

(iv) Annual Values Assessment Act

1911 .. .. ..148

3. Rates Collection and Recovery Act

1858 .. .. .. 149

4. Rates Relief Act 1863 .. ..149

5. Rural Voting Act 1884 . . . . 149

6. Municipal Association Act 1916 . . 149

(1ST) GOVERNMENT GRANTS AND SUBSIDIES.

1. General .. 149

2. Waste Lands Act 1870 . . . . 149

3. Appropriation in Aid of Road Rates

Act 1889 . . . . . . 149

4. Aid to Road Rates Act 1898 . . 149

5. Aid to Road Rates Act 1906 . . 150

6. Aid to Road Rates Act 1908 . . 150

7. Aid to Road Rates ActJ.915 . . 150

(0) LOCAL PUBLIC WORKS.

1. Local Public Works Act 1867 . . 150

2. Local Public Works Act 1872 . . 150



(P) LOANS TO LOCAL BODIES.

1. Roads Loans Act 1871 . . . . 150

2. Local Bodies Loans Act 1881 . . 150

3. Local Public Works Loans Act 1890 150

(Q) SUMMARY TABLES.
1. Revenue Expenditure, &c. :. 151



7. Commonwealth

1. Revenue, Expenditure, &c.



153



SYNOPSIS.



IX



SECTION III.-WATER SUPPLY AND SEWERAGE.



. 1. New South Wales-

(A) SYI>NK\ WATKK SI/ITLY.

1. Early Sources of Supply . . . . 155

2. Metropolitan Wator and Sewerage

Board . . . . . . 155

3. Description of Works . . . . 155

(i) Catchment Area . . . . 155

(ii) Cataract Dam .. .. 156

(iii) Prospect Reservoir . . . . 156

(iv) Pott's Hill Reservoir .. 156

(v) Other Reservoirs and Tanks . . 156

(vi) Aqueducts and Mains .. 156

(vii) Pumping stations .. ..156

4. Houses Supplied, itc. . . . . 156

5. Revenue and Expenditure . . 157

6. Other Towns supplied by the Metro-

politan Hoard . . . . . . 159

7. Capital Cost, Revenue, &c. . . 159

(B) SYDNEY SEWERAGE.

1. General . . .. . . 159

2. Original Sewerage Scheme . . 160

3. Present System of Sewerage . . 160

4. Houses connected and Population

served . . . . . . 160

5. Revenue and Expenditure . . 161

(C) HUNTER DISTRICT WATER SUPPLY.

1. General .. .. ..162

2. Description of W r orks . . . . 162

3. Houses supplied, &c. . . . . 163

4. Revenue, Expenditure, etc. .. 163

(D) HUNTER DISTRICT SEWERAGE.

1. Newcastle and Suburbs Sewerage . . 164

2. Houses connected and Population

served .. .. .. 164

3. Revenue, Expenditure, &c. . . 165

(E) WATER SUPPLY IN COUNTRY TOWNS.

1. General . . . . . . 165

2. Capital Debt and Annual Instal-

ments due . . . . . . 165

3. Revenue, Expenditure, etc. . . 166

4. Waterworks Constructed by Munici-

palities .. 166

(F) SEWERAGE IN COUNTRY TOWNS.

1. General .. .. . . 166

2. Capital Debt. Ac. . . . . 167

3. Revenue, Expenditure, etc. . . 167

(G) WATER, IRRIGATION, AND DRAINAGE
TRUSTS.

1. General .. .. ..167

2. Drainage Promotion Act 1865 . . 168

3. Drainage Promotion Act 1901 . . 168

4. Water and Drainage Act 1902 . . 168

5. Water Act 1912 . . . . . . 168

6. Wentworth Irrigation Act 1890 . . 168

7. Haii Irrigation Act 1892 . . . . 169

8. Balranald Irrigation Act 1893 . . 169



2. Victoria-

(A) MELBOURNE WAIER SUPPLY.

1. General .. .. ..169

2. The Melbourne and Metropolitan

Board of Works . . . . 169

3. Metropolitan Water Supply .. 170

4. Description of Water Supply Systems 170

(i) The Yan Yean System . . 170

(ii) The Maroondah System . . 171

(iii) The O'Shannassy System . . 171
(iv) Catchment Areas . . . . 172

(v) Storage Reservoirs . . . . 172

(vi) Aqueducts, Mains and Reticu-
lation .. .. ..173

(vii) Cost of Construction ..173

5. Consumption of Water . . . . 174

6. Ordinary Revenue, Expenditure, &c. 175

C. 7099. b



PAGE

(B) MELBOURNE SEWERAGE.

1. General .. . . .. 176

2. Description of Sewerage System . . 177

(i) North Y a rra .Main Sewer .. 177

(ii) South Yarra Main Sewer .. 177



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