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14, Mr. Lord became part own-
mi June
SO 1896, be was married to Mlss.I-.mma
I. Smith, a former shorthand teacher

1 is Still

her of the shorthand depart-

1 ■ ! J97. be purchased

tolling Interest in the school and became prln-

. time the schoo has

and Intluencc. On July 1,

1898, the Spence S Peaalee School became a part of the

Lord is a strong, well

,kes at. active Interest

in the 1 '"• ."

hopes to have the bpi ; ">R °, f ^jf.ifflff'S

tlon held In bl >e~oI the dali.n-

vertlslng that we bi ywhere has emanated

' "!"''' r ^ r '„n^ r r^

In high-grade work and he-
at his advertising should indicate this,
that reason b shows much care in 1

aratlon.




Ot o, P. Lord.



WHO FIRST TAUGHT MOVEnENT?

Xll \,.,„, 1 the I.iic and Labors of James Henri

Leu 1-. W ruing Master.

OOMPIUCO I1Y II r-AKTIUOi.K. UlllMINliHAM. BIG.
So. I.

|| KS VI

\t the request of many patrons in Wore
dr.w ui ""' " ,y " n, ' n

lion, an analysis of the various letters of the alpha-

which

ibmitted to the inspection of many skillful per-

,,„ highly ap system, declaring it

I honored me

with their friendshp oud supiiort.

- ' ■' ''" - r '

re the pecuniary ad-

1 lu t>n '">' u "
my labor. 1 therefor.- di
. .1 ,,, procure the protecting aid of a patent as
tainiiig that object, but in apply



\.\



iug at the Patent Office for that purpose I was sur-
prised l" liml that no patent could be granted l'or im-
provements in any branch of education. This infor-
mation totally disconcerted me, and while I was de
liberating what other course to take for securing my
invention, ii pleased Providence to afflict me with a
seven' and protracted visitation, which prevented my
attention to business, and I continued for manj a
weary day often beguiling the tedious hours in rumi-
nating on my system and preparing it Cor the press;
for 1 resolved as soon as my health would permil to
print and publish it as the host means at least of ex-
tending the system and proving its superiority. It
was not, however, until the early part of 1806 that I
found myself enabled to carry this project into execu-
tion. The work was entitled -'The Flying Pen, or
New and Universal Method of Teaching the Art of
Writing by a System of Lines and Angles."

It is, indeed, to me a proud triumph that notwith-
standing the most violent opposition of interested in-
dividuals, ami all the obstacles thai envy, hatred and
malice have thrown in my way. I can boast .if the
most extensive and prosperous establishment in my
profession that was ever known in this or any other
country in the wh.de civilized world, not only in the

tropolis, hut throughout the United Kingdom, ami

many other parts of Europe. In nil tin Stairs of
\ in, run is my system extensively taught and de-
cidedly prefer red. also in Canada, in the Hast and
West Indies, in Australia and in New Zealand.
i I a In i milium il.t



lfcltenman4Qj6iC'QL%iunw&



Shorthand Teachers' Association.

PROGRAM.

Tuesday, Dec. 27.
[forenoon.

0.00 Reception and registration of members.
At ternoon,
l.oo President's address, w. R. Smith, Big Rapids,

Mich.
1.20 "Nuts to Be Cracked bj a Teacher of Shorthand,"
L. .1. I.osie. Rockford, III.
Discussion- Mrs. 1'. Rituor, St. Louis. Mo.; W r
Stephens, Lincoln. Ncl..
2.00 "Shorthand in the Public and Parochial Schools,"
■l. I-. Lower. Fort Wayne, Ind

Discussion L. A. Arnold. Chicago' Miss ii 1
Salisbury. Appleton, Wis.
- •" "'I'l'.' otlicc Stenographer," William c.nnel, New

iork.
3.00 General session ,,f ii„. federation,
livening.

Reception of the shorthand teachers.

Wednesday, Urr. gg.
Forenoon.

'•'.no ii'. no Visit Hoard of Trade and Clearing House
Ai ternoon.

Loo "What Constitutes a C plete Typewriting

Course! " I '. Kimball. Chicago, III.
Discussion \V. u. Parsal. Aurora. III.: Miss Lv.la
lluvck. Chicago.
1.40 "Some Unfinished Business." W. L. McDermul

( 'lilr.-iL'o

Discussion Rupert I'. SoRelle, Chicago; Ii E

l'.rincr. Kansas < il v. Mo.
•J.-'o ■• Sonic Tilings in Addition t.. Shorthand the Com-
petent Amanuensis Must Know." .Ii.lni Alfred
White. Burlington, Iowa.
Discussion — .1. A. Stephens. Chicago; A II
Sproul, Elgin, 111.
3.00 General session of the federation.
Evening,

General reunion, examination of exhibits ami ele.
tion of officers.

linn s, Inn, ii, , . 59,
forenoon.
: "T * Typewriting," A. C. Van Saul. Omaha,

Xel).

Discussion — Miss Vie T. Koebel, Burlington, la.;
Miss Maud L.rnnais. . 'hi. -ago
'a to " Responsibility of the Teacher." Isaac S, Demenl
Chicago.
Discussion— W. It. Smith. Rig La]. his. Mich.; Miss
LI. .relic M. Slingerland. nil c'itv, Pa
1 1 1. jo "The Art of nut lining." c, i '. Dexter, Lynn Mass
Discussion .1. E. Puller, Atlanta, Ga. ; S. B. Nor-
cross, Lig Rapids. Mich.
11.00 "Can Shorthand ami Typewriting Be Successfully
Taughl to Completion by Mail.-" W I Tinus
.'hi. ago
Discussion- P. W. Mosher, Omaha Neb .1 r

Kelllie.lv. Chicago.

1 1.40 Question Box.



Discussion — Miss Clara Worth. Decatur, 111. ; J.
.1. Weber. Canton. Mo.
1.40 "Course and Methods of Dictation," C. O. Bent-
lev. Jacksonville, 111.
Discussion- p. X. Van Antwerp, Louisville. Ky. ;
Miss Minnie C. Lratt. I'elltralia. 111.
J. Llo "Model .'lass in Dictation," II. C Ilealey, Cedar
Rapids, Iowa.
Discussion— G. M. Guest, Milwaukee. Wis.; Mrs.
I. S. Demenl, Chicago
3.00 General session of the federation,
livening.

General reception at Wellington Hotel.
Friday, Dec mi.
i 'orenoon.

'.ion " How- 1 Tea.li Fingering and the Acquirement of
spee.l in Typewriting," L. .1. Griffin, Springfield,
Mass.
Discussion Miss Margaret King, Hloomington,
111.: Miss Nellie Cox, Chicago.
0.40 Exhibition of the practical use of the Graph..-
pbone in the business office. Columbia Grapho-
phone Company. Chicago.
10.20 "Can One Teacher Successfully Teach Shorthand
and Typewriting to About Thirty Students?"
Miss Frances II. North. Albion, Mich.
Discussion II. A. Brown, Milwaukee. Wis.; O. N.
i iiildsmith, Chicago.
I loo . question Box.
11.40 Reports of committees.
Afternoon.
1.00 Sped exhibition. Isaac s. Dement, Chicago.
1.20 "The Shorthand School of the Future," W. S.
Rogers. Cleveland, Ohio.
Discussion -Waller Rasmussen. Seattle. Wash.;
c. W. Kit I. Chicago.
2.00 Unfinished business.
:'..oo Adjournment.



Teachers and Methods.

(The JotTBNAli believes that teachers can gain muchfrom

,iii iiitrirliain/r of ideas and methods Every traehee has

innrll I,, Irani ,iii,l a,, in, lluiui thill lir run teach, THE JOUR-
NAL irill ilrrntr n part of its spare as a rleariiai house of
ai, os. mi, in the heading of " Teachers and Methods" Boil
down your ideas and send them in.)

Pointers on Back II I Writing.

Editor Penman's Art Journal:

Will you kindly allow me to make a suggestion in re-
gard to your valuable paper 1

I would like very much to have you give a few " point-
ers" on hack hand, exercises, style of I. ■Hers. etc.

I find lie- hack hand much casi.-r for me than the slant,
but lone never seen any lessons on this style. Hoping
this will meet with your approval. I remain,
Very truly yours.

J. I Levi in; Jack son.
•J.,"., Fliot St.. Sta. B.



/(.



ier. Col.



Rapid Addition

Editor Penman's Art Journal:

I would like lo ask through the c
xi w's Art .1." rnal : What is consul
Thai is. wbal would be good tiin.
numbers of live digits each '; Yoi

Helen, i lias. Coll.. Hull, . Mont.



nuns of Tim: Li:n-
>.l rapid addition ?
in a. I. ling twenty
very truly,
. M. Marshall.



"Actual Business " Shorthand!

To the Editor of 'I'm; Penman's Art Journal:

Dear Sir: I have read with pleasure the communica-
tion from Mr. W. -I. Amos, in the October number of THE
Jot RNAL, referring to I be next meeting of t lie E. C. T. A-
I believe 1 voice the feelings of the progressive lea. -hers
..I easiern Massachusetts when I say we shall all consider
ii a pleasure lo join with the New York Association in
this meeting. The business college profession lias been
" hard shelled " long enough. It is about time for us to

g uisi.lc ,,f ourselves, and I believe most of us will be

surprise.l p. lin.i ..in bow little we know, and how many

g I things the other fellow really has.

The oufxtion of improving bis school should be up-most
ill the mind of exerv principal, t'nc of Hie weak points
of business schools is their neglect of their shorthand
departiiieiils. I should like to see more interest shown.
on the pari of the principals, with regard to advanced

is of conducting tiiis part of our work. If " actual

practice" is a good iliing in bookkeeping, why not have a
little more "actual business" in the shorthand depart
ii.iici 1 should like to hear from some progressive
teacher on the subject. Respectfully.

Geo. P. i.okp,
Principal Salem, Mass.. Commercial School.



New Style Stationery.



The latest fad ii



' whni I Dse for Dictation," Miss Hatl ie Cook,
Cedar Rapids, Iowa.



alien. a-v is paper and envelopes of
the same size. Instead of folding the sheet of n pa-
per lo lii Into the envelopes, as civilized nations have

done since envelopes were invented, il mire sheel is

slipped into the outer ever without folding ii ev< nee.

The paper is linen bond, mottled blue in tint, and comes
in various sizes. A quire of paper is thirty cents, and a
package of envelopes is the same price.



'rtma/i.-i "" i



XXI



NEW YORK COMMERCIAL TEACHERS'
ASSOCIATION.

Tlie Season Opened.

The first meeting of the New York Commercial Deach
its' Association was held in the rooms of Packard's Busi-
ness College, Saturday morning, October Sth. After
routine business was disposed of. several new members
elected and many names proposed for a
report of the committee appointed lasl sp
a course in English for commercial schi
The committee consisted of ('. c. Gaines,

J. 1'. Byrne, Brooklyn, and A. s. II

They had many conferences and gave the i
able attention, and, as a result, presented
outline, which Tin; JOURNAL hopes to print in an early
issue. Dr. Davidson, who lias charge of English work for
I he New York State Board of Regents, was present, and
look part in the discussion. The next meeting of the
association will be on Saturday. November 3th, when the
annual election of officers will take place.

(in November -4. Jo the association will double up
with the Eastern Commercial Teachers' Association, tak-
ing part in the combination programme of the association.



abership, the

ing to prepare
is was heard.
Poughkeepsie ;
y. New York.
alter consider-
very complete



Editor's Calendar.

The Complete Guide to Typewriting. By Carrie
A. Clarke. Published by Mehan & McCauley, Des
Moines, la. 52 pages, S% x 13. Cloth. Side stamp.
Price, $1.00. To teachers, 50c.

The most striking feature of this book is the little
piece of tape which so supports and fastens the two
covers as to turn the book into a copy holder arranged
easel form. It is the simplest and most ingenious
contrivance for copy holding that we have ever seen,
and enables the student to prop the book up on the
desk before him while operating the machine. But
the publishers of the book do not wish the good
points in the book to be overshadowed by this patent
contrivance, no matter bow unique and valuable that
may be. and any one who knows of the training Miss
Clarke has bad as ex-official court reporter of the
Ninth Judicial District and knows of her experience
and success in the Capital City Com'l Coll., where for
several years she lias presided over the department
of shorthand, will expect a book that is practical and
up to date in every particular, and our examination
of it leads us to this conclusion. First, the mechan-
ism of the machine is taken up in detail: considerable
space is dcvoied to the care of the machine; then
follows general instructions; then the lessons and the
various words are fingered at the beginning for the
student: following the word lessons are letters and
legal papers in great variety: legal and tabulated
work; samples of borders are given; suggestions about
carbon copies, etc In fact, everything necessary to
the typewriting student is thoroughly explained. This
is an excellent book.

Longweh's English Grammar. 34G pages. Cloth.

Gold side stamp. O. H. Longwell, A.M., Author

and Publisher, Des Moines, la.

For twenty years the author of this book has been
engaged in teaching large classes in English grammar,

So successful has he been as t nvince all of his

students of l lie correctness of his methods, and many
who had other methods of teaching the subject gave
them up to adopt the author's. When these teachers
—they are numbered by the thousand— went out into
other schools they were not satisfied with the method
of any other book on the market, and requests be-
came very numerous and very strong thai Sir. Long-
Well I >ul his methods in book form, for ten years or
more he has been at work on this text-book on gram-
mar, and has had a chance to test every point of it
in the (lass-room. The editor of Till: JOURNAL was
for several years associated with Mr. Longwell in
school work, and had an opportunity of judging of the
success of Mr. Loiigwoll's methods of leaching gram-
mar, and we have never seen such enthusiasm and
so much ground covered in so short a time and so
thoroughlv mastered in other classes as we have in
those presided over by Mr. Longwell. The inductive
method is used, and the subject is presented as a
thought study rather than a fact study, with the idea
of giving mental discipline and mental culture while
the subject is being pursued. By this method it is
made the key to ail other studies. The sentence in
this gn nar responds to the problem in arithmetic.

K\er\ lesson is based 11] sentences and the rule-.

definitions and principes evolved from the (dements

that go to make the sciitei s. Another important

feature of the book is that the students are taught
how to study. It gives explicit instructions just how-



to prepare the lessons. This saves the teacher much
labor and interests the pupil and makes him self-
dependent. While much attention has been given to
the points emphasized, the whole subject is covered
in a complete and thorough manner, leaving nothing
to be desired, from the fact that nearly all of Mr.
Longwell's teaching work has been in independent

normal scl Is having business departments and in

county institutes instructing teachers in methods, be
understands exacty what is wanted in the grammar

classes of the schools reached by THE JOURNAL.

Grammar teachers would do well to put themselves
in communication with Mr. Longwell, and at least get
a teacher's copy for examination. We don't know the
price, but presume that it is in the neighborhood of $1.

Acme Instructor for the Densmohe Typewriter.

Published by the Ellis Publishing Co.. Battle Creek,

Mich. 101 pages. Cloth. 60c; paper, 35c.

In this instructor punctuation is first taken up.
Then follow instructions for the Densmore type-
writer; the care of the machine and the mechanism
of it; manifolding; chapter on linger movement;
proof-reading; letter-book copying; mimeograph; en-
velope addressing; lists of words; plans and specifics
tions; legal work; commercial correspondence. A
great mass of work is crowded into I'll pages, owing
to the fact that it is set in ordinary type rather than
in typewriter type. It impresses us as being a very
complete publication.
Nature Study Outlined. By Silvan Plumley,

County Superintendent, Muscatine, Muscatine Co.,

Iowa.
A manual of Commercial Law. By Edward w. Spencer

of the Milwaukee Bar. C40 pages: cloth. Published

by the Bowen-Merrill Co., Indianapolis and Kansas

City. . , ,

(me of the most scholarly papers on commercial law-
thai has .-vet been delivered before the Commercial

T -hers' Federation was by Mr. Edward W. Spencer at

one of its meetings a year or two ago. The author was
congratulated upon all sides at the time upon his pres-
entation of the subject. This paper gave evidence of
ripe scholarship, deep insight into the subject and a
know ledge of how to present the subject of commercial
law in the class room. At that time Mr. Spencer was
urged to put his met hods into book form and. as a re-
sult we now have before us a remarkably complete
volume— so complete that any ordinary review would not
do it justice. There are 69 chapters covering every
topic The matter is brought right down to date, and
the index is particularly copious and well arranged. Mr.
Spencer is the son of our old friend. Robert ('. Spencer,
principal of the Speiicerian Business College. Milwaukee.
ami is a member Of the .Milwaukee Bar and secretary of
the Speiicerian Business College. We do not know the
price of the book. but. "f course, the publishers will make
special rales to teachers and schools. The object has
been to make an attractive manual for general readers
and a practical text-book for use in colleges where busi-
ness branches are taught.
Bt dgbi of Writing Lessons that Teach. By C. C.

Lister. Published by Sadler-Kowe Co., Baltimore; 77

plates. 8 x 3% ; price, $1.

JOURNAL readers have had a taste of the quality of C.
C Lister ill years past anil know the kind of writing he
can put up. and the writing in this system of copy slips
is Lister's best, engrave. 1 in McLees' best style. On the
...vers are given position of body, arm. band and pen,
while below the copies on the slips are given concise

instruc is how to practice, etc. Starting with slip 1

are some movement exercises, then the small i and u ex-
ercises follow-, and the letters are introduced ill logical
order and verv gradually the greater part of the space
being devoted to movement exercise introducing the par-
ticular letters in question. Sentence writing is not taken
up until plate 20, so this will give an idea of how com-
pletely movement exercise, principles and words are de
veloped. Plates 21, 22 are devoted to figures. Comhi
i, aliens ,,r signatures, commercial papers, capital letter
exercise, marking alphabets, etc., are prominent features.
'I'll,, si \le of writing is plain, rapid, unshaded slant. The
binding of the slips is the Ellsworth patent reversible.
which allows of Mat opening. This is a system of copy
slips that students and teachers should add to their

libraries at one,-. We an nfldent that it will have a

« ide sale in schools

Sykes's Mwi il oi Penmanship. By Henry Sykes, 15

Market St., Manchester, England. Board covers, I"

pages. Published by the author.

This is nearer to being an Americanized system of
writing than anything thai we have ever seen come from
the oilier side. American ideas and American copy books
ami compendium- have been largely drawn on for ma
leriai Cor this work, but, of course, the method of presen-



Mr



flic



Tin



i in-



Mr



eh liked ill Km

arid, « bile tl ngravin

we are accustomed to e

I hex are ahead Of the

issued in England.



nid slant, and
a. The work is well arranged

id prim ing are not up to what
Ul this side of the water, still
mage penmanship publication



)QfCi£<CL%wui!L&



QL



VS//////S/J//K0 W.



//r///s///y . A^/: >



<3 o) d)



plate: ie>



PLATE q



JiXL



PLATE 1 4-.





O^^V^



Lessons in Vertical Writing.

BY W. L. STARKEY, PRINCIPAL COMMERCIAL DEPART-
MENT ERASMUS HALL HIGH SCHOOL, BROOKLYN.
Lesson Xo. 3.

most effective way to intro-
duce the subject of move-
ment to the attention of
the pupil is to ask him to
examine the character of
the movement which he
now uses. This examina-
tion will reveal to him the
fact that while lie is able
to correctly reproduce the
forms of letters, he does
so with great difficulty,
using a cramped action of the hand and fingers.

This important feature being brought to the pupil's
attention, it is easy to induce him to try exercises
which will enable him to write,not only correctly but
also easily and rapidly.

To secure a free motion of the hand and fingers the
first object should be to see (hat the body is self-sup-
ported and occupying a position of from one to two
inches away from the edge of the desk upon which the
pupil is to write.

The right arm should rest on the desk at a point be-
tween elbow and wrist which will allow of some vibra-
tory action of the hand.

The hand should depend for its immediate support
not upon the wrist but upon the third and fourth
fingers ; the fourth finger resting upon the entire first
joint and the third finger just touching at the tip of
the nail.

The left hand should rest comfortably upon the desk,
where it should hold the paper in convenient positions
for the right hand. It is usually held at the top of
the paper.



As ii is e\ idenl thai the fingers musl do 1 1
holding and furnish most of the movement for v
we will give their action our 6rsl attention.

To show just whal mould he undi

first we will reproduce here " Plate 9."

It is plain to see thai the move Qts used

i tii- livisions here pectively those given

in - Plate 13."

These movements should, of course, bo mad

ime height .-is letters, with onlj a
finger action, and practiced until the forms indicated



are correct and the stroke perfectly light and free from
nervousness.

Reference to " Plate 10 " will show that only three
other movement exercises are necessary for the small
letter alphabet.

The six movements, Plates 13 and 14, should be
practiced until the fingers move both accurately and
freely.

As the matter of form has been considered before
and the basic forms established, pupils will practice
with much patience upon the exercises presented in
this lesson.

As the movement becomes free and accurate the
various letters belonging to the respective groups
should be practiced just following the movement drill.
This method will soon develop a sure stroke, and with
this the interest of the pupil will be thoroughly
aroused and his confidence established.




Changing from 51ant to Vertical.



JIlullj £, KjJJjl



Aj



DULUTH, M1N.V.
(Continued from September.)

If we obey certain hygienic laws a certain style of
writing is the result, and it is not the slant writing
as the Spencerian CO] yl ks understand it.

The name " vertical " is misleading. We take 90
degrees as the standard in place of 52 degrees, but
then very few writers are precisely 90 degrees, neither
are they 52 degrees.

Law 1. The plane Of the eyes is parallel to a line
of print or n riting.




If there il- 8 ele.il- with olio sillgillg I U ill till!

middle of the semi-circle, those on the end have the
head over trying to get in a plane.

The heads of o slant i lass fall over on one side and
the teacher v on

•• Heads straight !" Ii she is vigilant and a strict
disciplinarian, they will stay up. But watch her at

her desk. Notice the 1 1- clerks. Watch the ladie

u i-iiing in the large drj g Is stores in Chicago. Such

contortions 1 Did thej ever go to public school ?

Suppose the heads are straight. The line of sight



is longer to one eye and an unequal strain on both.
This position must be taught. It is not necessary to
teach a man to hold his newspaper straight in front.

Our first attempt will be to keep the paper square
in front. Don't wm Ty about the writing result.

Law 2. The line of sight is perpendicular to the
surface of book or paper.



If you were in' an art gallery how you would twist
to see the pictures near the floor ! How you would
crane your neck to see the pictures near the ceiling !
Hold your book in your lap ! Why don't you hold the
head up ? Hold your book above the level of your
eyes ! Why don't you keep the head down ? Your
geography class put the books on the desk flat. At
once hands fly up to support the head.

They take the books up, and. the majority slide
down on the seat.

Your writing class is bowed down like a field of
corn in a wind, and you feel like a policeman if you
keep the spines vertical.

Nature teaches us to hold our newspaper at about
an angle of 20 degrees.

The sweep of the forearm was freer on a horizontal
surface, so the flat desks, 3 to 5 degrees, were or-
dered. But the pupil will never bend over farther
than necessary to get the line of sight perpendicular
to surface.

Allowing for the natural inclination of the back
from the hips, we could have adjustable desks at
about 10 cr 12 degrees slope.

It" the slope or angle were as great as that of a
newspaper the ink would not run off the pen, and. be-
sides, everything slides to the floor.

A sloping desk will change the style of writing, but



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