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B. Lewis (Benjamin Lewis) Rice.

Mysore: a gazetteer compiled for government (Volume 1) online

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twenty-one died. The disposal of the remainder still left a deficit on
the department of about Rs. 22,000. But the network of telephones
has been so skilfully laid, both in the Kdkankote and Chamrajnagar
forests, as practically to ensure the ultimate capture of every elephant
that passes within certain limits, and the expenses will be recouped.

Elephants have of late years become troublesome in the Shimoga
and Kadur Districts, destroying sugar-cane and paddy crops, and
injuring the areca-nut gardens. Attempts to stop them by shooting
some were made, but proved ineffectual. The Keddah department are
therefore endeavouring to capture some of the herds, which are small
and scattered, in temporary stockades.- The effect of the inroads of
elephants has been to drive the field-\vatchers to the trees, and this has
left an opening for wild pig to do more mischief to the crops than
before, when the watchers were on the spot to scare them away.

Crops are also liable to considerable damage at times from rats. In
the latter months of 1878 something like a plague of rats appeared,
especially in the Chitaldroog District, and committed great havoc in
the cotton and rice crops of individual villages. Certain kinds of field
rat regularly store up a good deal of grain in their burrows near the
embankments of fields, which ^\^oddars and various wandering tribes
dig up when the ground is out of cultivation and help themselves to
the grain.

' At the end of 1S92 the \'iceroy, the Marquess of Lansdowne, witnessed the
drive.

, - A cajiture of sixty elephants near Sakrebail has now (November, 1894) been
announced.



BIRDS i8i

No one who has travelled much over the Province, especially in the
wilder and more secluded tracts of country, but must have noted the
immense variety and beauty of the feathered tribes. The naturalist
and the sportsman alike will, it is hoped, find every familiar acquaint-
ance included in the following list' It may perhaps be noted that the
ostrich has laid eggs and hatched young in the Maharaja's menagerie
at Mysore, but they did not live long.

Aves — Hakki.



Passeres.



Co>-vidic — Crow s — Kciki, KAgi.
Corvusmacrorhyn- Jungle crow

chus
Corvus splendens Indian house-crow
Dendrocetta rufa Indian tree-pie
Parus atriceps ... Indian grey tit
Parus nuchali.s ... White-winged l)lack

lit
Machlolophushap- Southern yellow tit
lonotus

Crateropopidic.
Arg)-a caudata ... Common l^al^bler
Argya malcolmi... Large grey babbler

bab-



Arg)a subrufa ...
Crateropus cano-



Large rufous

liler
Jungle babbler



Crateropus griseus White-headed balj-

bler
Pomalorhinushors- Southern scimitar

fieldi bab])ler

Dunietia albigula- Small white-throated

ris babbler

Pyctorhis sinensis Yellow-eyed babbler
I'ellorneum ruficeps Spotted Ijabbler
Rhopocichla atri- Black-headed bab-

ceps bier

Myophoreus hors- Malabar



whistling

thrush
Indian blue chat
Rufous - bellied

.short-wing
Indian white-eye



fieldi
Larvivora l)runnea
Brachypteryx ru-

fiventris
Zosterops palpe-

brosa
/Kgithina tiphia... Common iora
Chloropsis jerdoni Jerdon's chloropsis

' Taken from the volumes on Birds by E. W. (lales, in the Fauna of British
India.



Irena puella ... Fairy blue-l)ird

Hypsipetes gan- South- Indian l)lack

eesa bulbul

Molpastes hremor- Madras red-vented

rhous bulbul

Otocompsa fusci- Southern red-whis-

caudata kered bulbul

Pycnonotusgularis Ruby - throated

bulbul

Pycnonotus luteo- White - browed

lus bulbul

Micropus phivoce- (key-headed bulbul

phalus

Sittidie — Nuthatches.
Sitta castaneiven- Chestnut - bellied

tris nuthatch

Sitta frontalis ... Violet-fronted l)lue
nuthatch

Dicruridtc — Drongos.
Dicrurusater ... Black drongo (king-
crow)
Uicruruslongicau- Indian ashy drongo

datus
Dicrurus ca;rules- Wliite - bellied

cens drongo

Chaptia lenea . . . Bronzed drongo
Chibia holtentotla Hair-crested drongo
Dissemurus para- Larger rocket-tailed

diseus drongo

Sylviidtc — Warblers.
Acrocephalus sten- Indian great reed-

loreus warbler

Acrocephalus du- Blylh's reed-warbler

metorum



i8.



FA UNA



Acroccphalus aj^ri-

cola
Cislicolii crytliio-

cephala
Cisticola cursilans

I'lanklinia gracilis

I'ranklinia hiicha-

nani
Schrenicola platy-

ura
Chajtornis locus-

telloides
Arundinax aifdon
Hypolais rania ...
Sylvia jerdoni

Sylvia affinis

Phy 1 lo.scopus affin is

Acanthopneu.ste

nitidus
Acanthopneuste

viridanus
Acanthopneuste

magnirostris
Prinia socialis
Prinia inornata ...
Prinia jerdoni



Paddy -ficlil rced-
warljler

Red-headed fanlail-
warhler

Rufous fanlail -war-
l)ler

Franklin's wren-
\varl)ler

Rufous - fronted
%vren-vvarl)ler

Broad-tailed grass-
warbler

Bristled grass -

warbler

Thick-billed warbler

Sykes's tree-warbler

I-'astern orphean
warbler

Indian lesser white-
throated warbler

TickelFs willow-
warljler

Green willow-war-
bler

Oreenish willow -
warbler

Large-billed v\illow-
warbler

Ashy wren-warbler

Indian wren-warbler

Southern wren-
warbler



Lajiiida — Shrikes — Kiikkati.
Lanius vittatus ... Bay-backed shrike
Lanius erythronotus Rufous-ljacked shrike
Lanius cristatus ... Brown shrike



Hemipus picatus

Te]5hrodornis syl-

vicola
Tephrodornis pon-

dicerianus
Pericrocotus flam-

nieus
Pericrocotus pere-

grinus
Pericrocotus ery-

thropygius



Black-backed

shrike
Malabar

shrike
C o ni m o n

shrike
Oranw minivet



pied
wood -
wood-



Small minivet

White-bellied mini-
vet



Campophagasykesi Black - headed

cuckoo-shrike
Graucalus niacii... Large cuckoo-shrike
Artamus fuscus ... Ashy swallow-shrike



Oriolidic — Orioles.
Driolus kundoo ... Indian oriole
Oriolus nielano- Indian black-headed
cephalus oriole

EiilahetidiC — Crackles or talking-mynas.
Eulabus religiosa Southern grackle



Stitrnidtc-
Pastor roseus



Sturnia blythii ...
Temenuchus pago-

darum
Acridotheres tristis
/Ethiopsar fuscus



Starlings and mynas.

Rose-coloured star-
ling
Blylh's myna
Black-headed myna



Common myna
Jungle myna



Micscicapidte — Flycatchers.
Siphia parva ... European



red-
fly-



Cyornis pallidipes

Cyornis rubecu-

loides
Cyornis tickelli ...

Stoparola mela-

nops
Alseonax latirostris
Alseonax ruficau-

dus
Ochromela nigri-

rufa
Culicicopa ceylon-

ensis
Terpsiphone para-

disi
Hypothymisazurea



Rhipidura
frontata



albi-



breasted
catcher

White-bellied blue
flycatcher

Blue - throated fly-
catcher

Tickell's blue fly-
catcher

Verditer flycatcher

Brown fljcatcher

Rufous-tailed fly-
catcher

Black - and - orange
flycatcher

Grey - headed fly-
catcher

Indian paradise fly-
catcher

Indian black-naped
flycatcher

White-browed fan-
tail flycatcher



Tiirdidi€—Ch2Lis, Robins, Thrushes, &c.
Pratincola caprata Common pied bush-
chat
Pratincola maura Indian bush-chat
Ruticillarufiventris Indian redstart
Thamnobiafulicata Black-backed In-
dian robin
Copsychus saularis Magpie robin
Merula nigripileus Black-cappedblack-

bird
Geocichla wardi... Pied ground-thrush



BIRDS



i8-



Geocichla cyanotus

IVtruphila cinclo-

rhyncha
I'etrophila cyanus



Ploceidic
I'loceus bay a
Ploceus manyar ...
Munia malacca ...
Uroloncha striata
Uroloncha mala-

barica
Uroloncha piinctu-

lata
S p o r a' g n i t h u s

amandava



White - throated
ground-thrush

BUie-headed rock-
thrush

Western bkie rock-
thrush

Weaver-birds.
Baya

Striated weaver-bird
Black-headed munia
White-backed munia
W^hite - throated

munia
Spotted munia

Indian red munia



Fringillidie — Finches.
Carpcdacus ery- Common rose-finch

thrinus
Gymnorhis flavi-

collis
Passer domesticus
Emberiza luteola. . .



HirundinidcE — S wal lows.

Chelidon urbica ... Martin

Ptyonoprogne ru- Crag-martin
pestris

Ptyonoprogne con-
color

Hirundo rustica ...

Hirundo smithii...

Hirundo fluvicola



Dusky crag-martin



Swallow

Wire-tailed swallow
Indian cliff-swallow



Hirundo nepalen- Hodgson's striated

sis swallow

Hirundo erythro- Sykes's striated

jjygia swallow



Motacillidic — Wagtails and Pipits.



Yellow - throated

sparrow
I louse-sparrow
Red-headed bunting



Motacilla maderas-

patensis
Motacilla melanope
Motacilla borealis
Limonidromus in-

dicus
Anthus maculatus
Anthus striolatus
Anthus rufulus ...

Alaitdidi
Alauda gulgula ...
Mirafra cantillans
Mirafra afifinis ...
Galerita deva
Ammomanes phoe-

nicura
Pyrrhulauda grisea



Large pied wagtail

Grey wagtail
Grey-headed wagtail
Forest wagtail

Indian tree-pipit
Blyth's pipit
Indian pipit

J — Larks.
Indian sky-lark
Singing bush-lark
Madras bush-lark
Sykes's crested lark
Rufous-tailed finch-
lark
Ashy - crowned
finch- lark



N'ectariniidi.z — Sun-birds.
Arachnechthra lo- Loten's sun-bird

tenia
Arachnechthra asi- Purple sun-bird

atica
Arachnechthra Small sun-bird

minima
Arachnechthra Purple-rumped sun-

zeylonica bird

Arachnothera Little spider-hunter

longirostris

Diatidic — Flower-peckers.
Dicaeum erythro- Tickell's flower-

rhynchus pecker

Piprisoma squali- Thick-billed flower-

dum pecker

PittidiC—V\\X7^.
Pitta brachyura ... Indian pitta



As Mr. Oates' work stops here, the remainder is taken from J. A. Murray's Indian
Birds or the Avifauna of British India. But, from the two works not being
arranged on the .same system, I have endeavoured to give the information from the
latter in the order in which it is presumed it will appear in the former when
completed.

Macrochires.
Cypselidic — Swifts.



Cypselus melba ... Alpine swift
Cypselus affinis ... Common Indian swift
Cypselusbatassiensis Palm swift
Hirundinapus in- Indian giant spine-
dicus tail



Hirundinapus syi-

vatica
CoHocalia unicolor

Dendrochelidon
coronatus



White - rumped
spine-tail

Indian edible-nest
swiftlet

Indian crested tree-
swift



1 84



FAUNA



Capriniiili^idiC—ViCTiX-'McViix'f..
Capriimilfjus mah- Sykcs's ni},'lu-jar

rattensis
Caprimiiljjus iiion- I'ranklin's ni{,'lil-jar

licolus



Caprimulgus atri- (jhaul nij^ht-jar

pennis
Caprimulgus indicus Jungle nighl-jar
Caprimulgus kela- Nilgiri nighl-jar

arti



Pici.



riiitlic — Woodpeckers — Mara-kutaka.


(jecinus striolatus


Blylh's striated


Vunx torquiila ...


Common wryneck




green wood-


Tiga jaranensis ...


Common large three-




pecker




toed woodpecker


Thriponax hodg-


Creat black wood-


Brachyjiternus au-


(iolden - backed


soni


pecker


rantias


woodpecker


Chrysocolaptes fes-


Black-backed wood-


Brachypternus chry-


Lesser golden-


tivus


pecker


sonolus


backed wood-


I'icus mahrattensis


\'ellow-fronted jjied




pecker




woodpecker


MicroiHernus gula-


South-Indian rufous


lyngificus hard-


Southern pigmy


ris


pecker


wickii


woodpecker




Cocc


yges.




0/a///f/i



Online LibraryB. Lewis (Benjamin Lewis) RiceMysore: a gazetteer compiled for government (Volume 1) → online text (page 23 of 98)