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B. Lewis (Benjamin Lewis) Rice.

Mysore: a gazetteer compiled for government (Volume 1) online

. (page 24 of 98)
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' Piiffta in Hindustani : called the " butter-fish" l)y Europeans in Bengal.

* Dr. Day has the following note: — "This fi.sh is termed 'the fiddler' in Mysore;



190



FA UNA



Lcpicloccphalichthys thermalis

Ncmachilus ^'ucnlheri

Nemachilus semiarniatus

Neniachihis dcnisonii

Nemacliilus hcavani

Discotiiialhiislamta l'an(li]«kke (korafi

kan]i, Hind.)
Labeo fimbrialiis
Labeo calbassu ... Kari minii
Lalieo Uontius
Cirrhina cirrhosa
Cirrhina relia
Matsya argentea
Barbus chagunio
Baibus .sarana ... Gid pakke
Barbu.s chrysopoma
Barbus micropogon
Barlnis carnaticu.s (lid pakke (Giddi

kaoli, Hind.)
l^arbus tor'
Barbus carmuca
Barl)us melanampyx
Barl)us parrah ... (Kacha korava,

Hind.)
Barbus dorsalis ... I\Iar pakke
Barbus kolus
Barbus melanostigma
Barbus puckelli
Barbus arulius ... aruli
Barbus ticto ... (Kaoli, Hind.)



Barbus vittatus

Chela argcnlea White carp

Chela boopis
Chela clu|)eoides

Percidcc — Perches.
Ambassis nama
Ambassis ranga

Nandid(C.
Badis buchanani
Badis dario
Nandus marmoratus
Pristolepis marginata
Pristolepis nialabarica

Gobiidcc.
Gobius giurus ... Abbroni

KhyncJiobdellidij:.
Mastacenibalus ar- Thorny-backed
matus

OphioccpJialida.

Ophi ocephalus Hurvina maral

marulius
Ophiocephalusleu- Bili korava

copunctatus
O ph i ocephalus Kuchina maral

striatus
O ph iocephalus Mar korava

guchua
O phio cephalus Balu, beli korava

punctatus



Insects.

Of the countless hosts and varieties of the insect world, no pre-
tension can be made to give anything like a detailed list. The leading
families alone are indicated. Of spiders, beetles, and the singular
mantis tribe, there is a great profusion ; as also of the gayest butter-
flies and richest moths. The bee (except in parts of the Malnad) is
never domesticated, but large quantities of honey are obtained by
jungle tribes from the woods and caves of various parts. White ants
swarm in every soil, and their ravages are relentless. On one or two
evenings following on the first heavy showers of the monsoon, which

I touched one which was on the wet ground, at which it appeared to become very
irate, erecting its dorsal fin and making a noise resembling the buzzing of a bee,
evidently a sign of anger. When I put some small carp into an aquarium containing
one of these fishes it rushed at a small example, seized it by the middle of its back,
and shook it like a dog killing a rat ; at this time the barbels of the Macrones were
stiffened out laterally like a cat's whiskers."
' The mahseer of sportsmen.



INSECTS



191



have softened the parched and dried-up ground, their winged nymphs
issue in gauzy clouds to enjoy a brief flight ; and then, losing their
wings, which strew the whole surface of the ground, crawl about in the
form of maggots, a prey to every bird of the air and every creeping
lizard. They are also gathered and cooked for food by the lower
orders. The tiny mango-flies or eye-flies, which swarm during the
hours of sunlight, especially in the mango season, are a well-known
source of annoyance. To them is attributed a kind of ophthalmia,
termed "sore eyes," to which children especially are subject; but
whether the flies originate the affection or merely convey the contagious
matter from eye to eye is doubtful. Among insect pests the coffee-
borer has already been mentioned (p. 168). At the beginning of 1878
a new danger appeared in vast flights of locusts, which threatened to
destroy the first early crops that succeeded the great famine. But,
fortunately, the damage they did was far less than the most sanguine
could have expected.^

Annelida — Suctoria.
HirucHnidLV .. jigani ... Leeches ... Al)ound at the Gersoppa Falls and in

all forests during the wet season.



Arachnida.



Araneida; "^
Lycosidie r...
Mygalidre J
ScorpionidiT.'



jada
chehi



Spiders
Scorpions



Acaridse




Mites


Sarcoptes


kajji hula


Itch acarus


scabiei







Very numerous and of great variety.

There are three species ; the large black
rock - scorpion (inaiKfragahbc), the
large red field scorpion, and the little
red house scorpion. The sting is
very rarely fatal, but often causes
great pain for a time.

This loathsome affection is very com-
mon, even among the upper classes
of natives.



Ixodidre



Ticks



* A flight of locusts which passed over Mandya on the evening of the i6th of
May, 1800, is thus described liy Buchanan : — " It extended in length probal)ly about
three miles ; its width was about a hundred yards, and its height fifty feet. The
insects passed from west to east in the direction of the wind, at the rate of six or
seven miles an hour. The whole ground, and every tree and bush, was covered with
them, but each individual hailed for a very short time on any one sjiot. In an hour
after the flock had passed few were to l)e discovered in the neighl)ourhood of the
town. The noise of this immense number of insects somewhat resembled the
sound of a cataract. At a distance they appeared like a long, narrow, red cloud
near the horizon, which was continually varying its shape. The locusts were as large
as a man's finger, and of a reddish colour." A flight the previous year had eaten up
all the young Jola : the present flight settled at a village to the eastward of Mandya,
and did the same.



192



FA UNA



lulichv.

lulus Indus
Sc



Online LibraryB. Lewis (Benjamin Lewis) RiceMysore: a gazetteer compiled for government (Volume 1) → online text (page 24 of 98)