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Mysore: a gazetteer compiled for government (Volume 1) online

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the Pacific Ocean, and of the Mongols of Eastern and Northern Asia,
who penetrated on one side to Europe (their survivors being found in
the Finns, Lapps, Magyars and Turks), on the other side to America,
producing the Red Indians : the second peopled India and spread to
South-western Asia, North Africa and the South of Europe. The
original inhabitants of South India and Ceylon, distinguished as
Dravidians {homo Dravida), may ])erhaps represent the least changed
examples of the second branch. This hypothesis discredits the views
at one time adopted, that the Dravidians migrated into India from the
north-west, of which there is little evidence, the indications being held
to be equally in favour of the opposite course.

Several of the Puranas' claim an Aryan descent for the southern
races by making their progenitors or eponyms, Pandya, Karnata, Chola

^ " Throughout the later part of the palceozoic and the whole of the mesozoic
era, there was a continuons stretch of dry land over what is now the Indian Ocean."
" At the close of the cretaceous or commencement of the eocene period, the great
Indo-African continent was finally broken up, and all but the remnants in India and
South Africa sunk finally beneath the sea." — R. D. Oldham, Gi-oIotQ' of India,
pp. 211, 494.

* The Vriyu, Matsya, Agni and Brahma Puranas. — Muir, .S". T., II., 422.



PRIMITIVE TRIBES 209

and Kerala, to be descendants of Dushyanta, the adopted son of
Turvasu, who was the younger brother of Yadu, and a prince of the
lunar line. Their father Yayati, the son of Xahusha, gave the govern-
ment of the south to Yadu, and that of the south-east to Turvasu, who
is also said to have been the progenitor of the Yavanas.' Another
account" substitutes Kola for Karnata. The former is a name which
occurs extensively throughout India as the designation of a wide-spread
aboriginal race. If the two therefore are interchangeable, it would
seem as if the people of Karnata were considered identical with the
Kols of the Central Provinces.'' The name appears in Kolar, after
which the eastern District of Mysore is called, as well as in Kolala in
the Tiimkur District.^

Though the Dravidians were certainly not Aryans, these statements
may embody prehistorical myths. For analysis of such myths may be
made to show that Turvasu was the name of a star-worshiping people,
whose god (Akkadian 7'asii) was the meridian pole {tur), which stood
, for the Linga or I'hallus, being evolved from the fire-drill and socket,
its revolution amid the circumpolar stars of the Great Bear being
considered the cause of the rains. They may be identified with the
Zend Turanians {an signifying god in that language), and with the
maritime traders called Tour-sha and Tur-sene or Tyrrhenians
mentioned in Egyptian and (ireek records. Their first great trading
port was Dvdraka in the peninsula of Kathiawar ; other exporting
harbours being Surpdraka (Surat) at the mouth of the Tapti, and
Baragyza (Broach) at the mouth of the Narmada. They made settle-
ments at the holy island of Dilmun (now Bahrein) in the Persian Gulf,
and at Eridu, near the mouth of the Euphrates.

In course of time migration set the other way, and we meet with a
race, also non-Aryan, who reverenced the moon {sin) and brought in

' Turvasu was also sentenced to rule over savages and barbarians — Mlechehhas, or
]ieople not Hindus . . Manu, too, places the Dravidas amongst Mlechehhas ; and
these and similar passages indicate a period prior to the introduction of Hinduism into
the south of India. — Wilson, Jlshiiti Ptirana, iv, 117. '•' Harivamsa, Muir, ^/.



Online LibraryB. Lewis (Benjamin Lewis) RiceMysore: a gazetteer compiled for government (Volume 1) → online text (page 26 of 98)