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A VIEW

OF

THE HUMAN HEART,

BY BARBARA ALLAN ''SIMON,

*-TjTaon OF "the bvaxgelical review of moderx (ii;xics."
TO WHICH IS ADDED,

VX APPENDIX,

CONTAINING

THOUGHTS

ON

rHE SCRIPTURAL EXPECTATIONS

OF THE

CHRISTIAN CHURCH.



t'llLLADELVllU.
I'KLN 1 1.1) UV L. R. BAILEY, No. 10, NORTH ALLEY.

182S.



A SERIES



ALLEGORICAL DESIGNS,

REPRESENTING

THE HUMAN HEART

FROM
ITS NATURAL TO ITS REGENERATED STATE,

WITH

EXPLANATORY ADDRESSES, MEDITATIONS, PRAYERS,
AND HYMNS,

FOK THE INSTRUCTION OF YOUTH.



BY BARBARA ALLAN SIMON,

AUTHOR OF TilE " EVA.VGKUCAt HKVIKW OF MODEIIN GENIUS.



" At our gates are all manner of choice fruits, new and old,
which I have gathered for thee O my beloved." — Solomon's Song.



PHILADELPHlJi .
PRINTED BY LYDIA R. BAILEY,

No. 10, North Alley.
1S2S.



Southern District of NeW'York, ss.

BE IT REMEMBERED, That on ihe siMccntli day oi Ma;. .
\. D. 1825, in the forty-nintti year of the Indepenclcnce of the
United States of America, Barkara Allan Simon, of the said
District, hath deposited in this Office the Title of a Book, tlie
right whereof slie claims as Author, in the words following, to
wit :—

" A Series of Allegorical Designs, representing the Human
Heart from its Natural to its Regenerated State, with explanato-
ry Addresses, Meditations, Prayers, and Hymns, for the Instruc-
tion of Youth. By Baiibaua Allan Simon. * At our g.ites are all
manner of choice fruits, new and old, which 1 have gathered for
thee O my beloved.' — Suiomoa's Song."

In conformity to the Act of the Congress of the United States,
entitled, " An Act for the encouragement of learning, by secur-
ing the copies of maps, charts, and books, to the authors and pro-
prietors of such copies, during the times therein mentioned ;'*
and also to the Act, entitled, "An Act supplementary to an Act,
entitled, • An Act for the encouragement of learning, by secur-
ing the copies of maps, charts, and books, to the authors and
proprietors of such copies, during the times therein mentioned,'
and extending the benefits thereof to the arts of designing, en-
graving, and etching, historical and other prints."

JAMES BILL, Ckrk of the
Southtrn Disfrirt of New-Yorlf



f



CONTENTS.



Dedication, ........ 7

Introduction, .., 9



Pride, 19

Covetousness, . - .-...-22

Envy, 30

Anger, 32

Sloth, 4Q

Sensuality, - ..-....44
Intemperance, 49

First Stage of Regeneration, 55

More advanced state of Regeneration, - . . 59

The form of Religion, ...... 63

The Backslider, 65

Thd Philosopher, ..-.-.. 71
Regenerated Heart, .......75

The Laws of God written on the Heart, - - . 81

The Heart of one who has overcome, &c. - . - 87

Concluding Address, - 95



Appendix — Thoughts on the Scriptural Expectations

of the Christian Church, - - - 119



A 'i



DEDICATION.



I DEDICATE this work to the Chiefs of the In-
dian tribes of this land, as an expression of esteem
for the moral grandeur of their feeling, and of ad-
miration at the noble, mild, and conciliatory sen-
timents contained in their late addresses to go-
vernment, in behalf of yw.y^/ce, honour, and hu-
manity — in behalf of their nation. Accept this
sincere, though humble tribute, from one who is
affectionately desirous of seeing your tribes unil-
ed in love to the Redeemer.



chiefs of the forest ! whose sun-setting glory

To morning awaketh the orient earth.
Tribes of a secret, but Heaven whisper'd story !

Lords of the land which gave Freedom her birth
To you would a stranger this tribute of feeling

Inscribe— for its spirit no fetters confine.
r;reat Spirit ! the truth of thy record revealing

Arise on the tribes who are destined to shine '



8

Long have you wander'd as outcasts forsaken —
Been driven by the lawless to ocean's wild shove r

But now shall your spring'-time of promise awaken.
As vines yield their blossoms when winter is o'er

Your free-born spirits, unquell'd by oppression,

Have tower'd o'er the wrongs that would smother their
flame —
Untutor'd by art — unsubdued by depression,

Have nobly defended your dear native claim,
lUumin'd by Truth, that pure light of the Holy !

How bright its reflection shall lighten from you !
O say not salvation to you hath moved slowly

" The last" it o'ertakes "shall be first" to pursue.

THE AUTHOR

New-York, Jipril7th, 1825.



INTRODUCTION.



The fas])ions of the world are ever changing —
i.hc opinions of men are ever vacillating — the
truth of God is always the same, and shall endure
for ever ! Like a mighty rock which raises its
awful head above the waves that spend them-
selves against its immoveable base, the word of
God has met the assaults of human and satanic
rage; successively have they spent their com-
bined strength for nought : the place which once
knew them noiv knoweth them 7io more, but eter-
nal, immutable truth is the same yesterday, to-
day, and for ever !

'' T/ie holy scriptures are able to make us loisc
unto salvation,^' through faith in Christ Jesus ;
and they teach that the foundation of all know-
ledge which includes salvation, is to know what
we are by nature, and what we must become by
regeneration. The posteritv of fallen Adam ar*^



10

there declared, without exception, to be born w
sin, and under the dominion of Satan the deceiver ;
and that unless we are born again, proving by
moral resemblance our affinity to the second
Adam, as unequivocally as we never fail to de-
monstrate our derivation from the first, we can-
not enter into the kingdom of God. This truth,
so decidedly, so repeatedly taught in Scripture,
and so much illustrated by knowledge of our own
heart, and daily observation, is the first which
children ought to learn ; for not until they are
thoroughly convinced i7i themselves that to do
evil is the native and spontaneous growth of their
heart, can they Jeel their need of Christ as an
atonement and mediator between them and an
infinitely holy God, whose justice is ready to be
glorified in consuming them ; for while '*God is
love" ''to those who come to him by Christ,
whom he hath appointed to be the way, the truth
and the life," /M is a consuming Jire to the dis-
obedient.

Without thus laying the axe to the root of this
deadly evil, the most elaborate instruction which
the schools can furnish on other subjects will be
of no avail. The youth may by any other species
of mental improvement become superficial cha-
racters. As whited sepulchres, they may bear



11

an imposing aspect, but within they are full of
every abomination. Their lives are spent in
deceiving and being deceived, and their end is
without hope.

Parents and teachers have hitherto found it
difficult to gain more than a passive commitment
of these all-important truths to memory. Chil-
dren instinctively revolt from abstract doctrines,
these requiring a stretch of thought, and an exer-
tion of their yet undeveloped intellect, which fa-
tigues them. Weariness and lassitude thus cre-
ate an aversion which is not easily conquered.

From a studious observance of the character
and earliest mental developments of children, I
have constantly found that the instruction which
has been, by their own free will, conveyed to
their understanding through the medium of alle-
gorical representations of good and evil passions,
excites the deepest interest, affords the greatest
pleasure, and makes the most lasting impression.

Thus they pursue with the consent of all their
powers a research whose object it is to lead
them into all truth, and bring into captivity every
power to the love and service of the Redeemer.

The care of youth is a trust of the greatest
responsibility. They are not only to become, so
far as the bent which good instruction and exam



1^

^le can give, happy and useful, or uiiserable, aud
unprofitable in themselves ; but they are to give
tone and colour to the generation which shall suc-
ceed ours. They are to be as lights, so shining
in their sphere of duty, that all around may glo-
rify the name they bear, or to become moral
plagues, blasting all within their influence.

The prevention of evil, by training up a child
in the way he should go, is wiser and safer than to
attempt the cure of it in any subsequent stage.
When the moral soil, from neglect — from the want
of being duly cultured, weeded and watched over,
has hecome covered with ramified and aspiring
weeds; — when, in other words, the heart has been
permitted to harliour its vSpontaneous growth of* '
secret and presumptuous sins unchecked, there is
little hope of sowing the precious seed of reveal-
ed truth there. The thorns will chonk it, or the
watchful tempter will hurry it away, before it has
gained more than surface ground. Can the
Ethiopian change his hue, and the leopard his
spots ? then may they who are accustomed to do
evil, do good.

If we desire to promote the interests of Christ's
kingdom on earth — if we desire that the rising
generation should adorn the doctrine of God the
Saviour in all things, "let those to whose care



ihey are intrusted watch over their souls, as they
ihdii must give an account — let the youth be root-
ed and grounded in the faith once delivered to the
saints^^ — that when the winds of false doctrine
shall afterwards assail them, they may remain
steadfast, immoveable — always abounding in that
faith which purifieth the heart, and works by love
lo God.

Much catechetical instruction may be committed
lo memory without at all affecting the heart, or
even acting on the understanding ; but even admit-
ting that children could comprehend that body
of theological divinity which the catechism con-
tains, such kind of knowledge seldom does more
than constitute, them speculative professors. It
is that kind of knowledge which is more likely to
puff up than edify ; the head has been recognised,
but no appeal has been made lo the heart ; and
therefore this source, from whence proceeds the
issues of life, remains the same.

The very terms employed to convey these ab-
stract doctrines are unintelligible to children ;
and the consequence is, that under the notion of
a duty to God, they acquire {bij this lip service)
the habit of taking His great and dreadful name,
and the solemn truths of his word on their lips,
while their hearts are far from him.
P



14

The children of the higher and middle classes
must needs be sent to liberalize their minds, and
form their taste by the study of the profane, im-
moral, and gross productions of Heathen genius.
Knowledge of the revealed mind of God, and
self-knowledge, are deemed much less essential
than the Latin classics. The tree . of prohibit-
ed knowledge is coveted^ and the tree of life
is rejected. If the world be thus deceived by
Satan it is no marvel. But that those who
believe in Christ for salvation, and are there-
fore required to come out from among them, and
be separated, should permit the hearts of their
children to be thus contaminated, and taught
to glory in shame, is inexplicable. If you,
however, determine still to be the deluded fol-
lowers of that multitude who throng the broad
way, be entreated to fortify the susceptible hearts
of your unsuspecting children with the antidote,
before you permit them to imbibe the poison —
then if they receive the deadly mixture it cannot
hurt them. This doctrine is, we are aware, ill
suited to the taste of the world ; but are Chris-
tians to be conformed to the world ? It is long
since the influence, and even the existence of
the God of this world, who ruleth in the heart of
the disobedient, has been exploded as an old fash-
ioned legend or an obsolete figure of speech.



15

The German, the French, and other schools of
false philosophy are sound asleep on this alarm-
ing subject ; consequently the enemy has taken
advantage of their situation, liberally to sow his
tares among them. These take root inwardly,
but bring forth fruit, which cannot be hid ; yet
they have not sufficiently recovered their sen-
ses to say, "surely an enemy hath done this?
or to recognise in that enemy, the Devil : of
whose devices (the scriptures teach us J we ought
not to be ignorant. For whether as a roaring
lion he goeth about seeking whom he may devour,
or seduces men from obedience by transform-
ing himself into the semblance of an angel of
light, still, he is the enemy. Christ teaches
that certain characters are of their father, the
Devil, and his works they will do. Paul teach-
es by the same spirit, that Satan blinds the
minds of men, lest the glorious light of the
gospel should enlighten their hearts. Again, he
testifies that he is the god of this blinded world.
He having the bestowment of those things which
worldlings covet, and for which they contend, and
to lohom he will he giveth them. Their service
and homage is the tribute he demands, and they
willingly render it, to be put in posession of the
lust of the eye, of the flesh, and the pride of life.



16

John teaches that whoso committeth sin is
of the Devil, who sinned from the beginning ;
and that Christ was manifested to destroy the
works of the Devil. James admonishes believers
to resist the Devil and he will flee from them.
Again John characterizes him as the adversary of
Christ's kingdom, and the accuser of the brethren,
warning the latter days, that he shall then come
down having great power, knowing that his time
is short. The prophets make mention of him un-
der various titles suited to the versatile aspects he
assumes. Our Lord and Master was tempted of
him as we are, yet without the sin of yield-
ing : and has, as our great Exemplar, taught usi
to resist his allurements (which are always ad-
dressed to self) by the authority of the written
loord of God,

This chief of the powers of darkness is ever
wakeful and persevering, watching the moment
when the servant of Christ is off his guard, or has
laid aside that shield which is able to repel his fiery
darts. To such characters he affects another
than his ordinary form : to appear in the shape
oi moral deformity would shock and disgust /Aem
— to such he appears as an angel of light. Thus,
under the mask he assumed to deceive them, he
has whetted and put into their hand the sword of



17

persecution to do God service — kindled and in-
vested them with the torch of discord under the
notion of zeal — furnished and assisted them to
scatter the seeds of contention — prepared mate-
rials and afforded direction in building up the
walls of separation — and meted out to each his
measure of party spirit. "Ye therefore belov-
ed, seeing ye know these things before, beware
lest ye also, being led away with the error of the
wicked, fall from your own steadfastness. But
grow in grace ! and in the knowledge of our Lord
and Saviour Jesus Christ — to whom be glory
both now and for ever. Amen !"*

• 2 Peter, iii. 17.



E 3



{J3*I think it proper to acknowledge that I am
indebted for the leading ideas of the allegorical
designs to the wood cuts of a nameless little book
written in the German language.



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19



FRIDS.

After considering attentively the picture of
our natural heart, I think I hear you say, what
has pride to do among such shameful associates !
This inconsistence/, my dear child, must strike
every one. The truth is, pride is so blinded by
self-love, as to be ignorant of luhere it is, and who
are its associates. Could it only see the vile rab-
ble among whom it has been so long shut up, in-
stead of showing off its self-important airs, it
would hide its head for shame.

Before Adam fell from his original innocent
and happy state, which you know he did, by dis-
obedience to the will of God plainly revealed to
him in the garden of Eden, he had none of those
evil passions in his heart, because he was formed
in his Maker's image.

The holy scripture teaches us, that the father
oi pride is the Devil. He who has fallen so hope-
lessly, was once an angel of light in heaven :
there God had appointed him the rank Ive should
hold, and the sphere of duty he should adorn ^
but he became ambitious of *e/^ exaltation, not
reflecting, that to be truly great and distinguish-
ed, is to subdue self, seeking above all the glory of
God. He was cast down from that abode of



20

peace and love because of his rebellion, together
with those angels he had seduced to partake of
his sin, and is with them, reserved under chains
of everlasting duration for that place of horror
and despair prepared for him.

Beware, dear child, of being tempted by this
seducing sin of Satan. You can only escape its
attacks by watchfulness and prayer, and argu-
ments from the holy scripture.

Although this dangerous sin is most easily dis-
covered in others, it is safer and wiser to detect
it in ourselves. I shall tell you how to know it,
in order that you may guard against its attempts
to seduce you : —

Are you disposed to boast of your own merit
or doings ? Do you seek to be admired, or no-
ticed ? or are you eager to obtain the precedence
of your brothers, sisters, or school-fellows ? This
is the evil spirit called pride, from which you
should flee as from the face of a serpent. Hear
what the holy scripture teaches: — ''God hath
respect to the lowly, but the proud he knoweth
afar oflP." Again : " Before honour is humility —
and a haughty spirit before a fall." What a mon-
strous inconsistency is pride in man ! — a creature
made of dust, and continually depending on his
maker for his very breath, as well as every thing



21



he possesses. Alas ! iv/uii has he to be proud
of, whose heart has been declared *' deceitful
above all things, and desperately wicked ?" —
Sooner may the garden be proud of its thorns, and
the field of its thistles, than man of aught he may
'?all his OAvn.



PRAYER.

Heavenly Father ! preserve thy frail and erring
child from being tempted to indulge this great sin ;
let thy good spirit enlighten my dark mind, tiiat I
may be enabled bi/ that iig/it, to discover the evils
of my heart. Grant me, Fatheft", power from
thee to resist and to subdue my other corrupt pas-
sions. When I meditate on the humility of the
Lord of Glory, who, to do thy ivill, became of no
reputation in the eye of the world — who was meek
and lowly of heart — I am overwhelmed with
shame and confusion at my own ingratitude, folly
and stupidity, in having so long oflbnded thy pure
eye with a heart at enmity with thee. Help me,
Heavenly Father, by the influence of thy holy
spirit, to"devote my future life to thy service. I
ask this and every other petition, in the name, and
for the sake, of my Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ,

Amen.



23



HYMN.

" O happy is the child who hears
" Instruction's warning- voice,

*• And who celestial Wisdom makes
" His early, only choice !

" For she has treasures greater far
" Than east or west unfold ;

*' And her rewards more precious are
" Than stores of gems or gold.

'• In her right hand she holds to view

" A hfe of peaceful days ;
" True riches with true honours join'd

•• Are ^hat her left displays.

'* She guides the young with innocence
" The path of life to tread ;

" A crown of glor)' she bestows
" Upon the hoary head.

** According as her labours rise,

" So her rewards increase ;
" Her ways are w.ays of blessedness —

*' They lead to perfect peace I"



COVETOUSNESS.

CovETOUSNEss is an evil spirit, which the holy
scripture expressly forbids us to harbour. To de-



23

sire ariy thing which belongs to another, is, in the
sight of God, (who knows our thoughts,) as bad
as stealing ; a vice so base and shameful, that none
but the outcasts of society would be guilty of it.

The tenth commandment contains the prohibi-
tion of God against covetousness, which if in-
dulged, would turn society into an image of hell.
In reading history, we learn how much mischief
this lawless passion has brought on the world. —
The ambitious worldlinghas cot'e/ec? the possession
of another, and having power, he has seized it,
while the blood of thousands of immortal beings
has been shed to pay its price.

I shall illustrate the deceitful and desperately
wicked nature of this passion, by two interesting
selections from sacred history. Achan the son of
Carmi saw, coveted, and took possession of a
splendid Babylonish garment, although he knew
that the command of God had prohibited the peo-
ple of Israel from even touching the least thing •'
that had belonged to that people. The tribes of
Israel were smitten with a dreadful visitation from
the Lord ; so that Joshua, their leader, began to
fear that some individual had committed a great
sin : He assembled the people, and haying cast
lots, Achan was discovered to be the guilty one :
then Joshua said, " My son, give glory to the God



24 •

of Israel, and make confession unto Him, and tell
mewhat thou hast done, hiding nothing from me."
Then Achan answered saying, "indeed I have
sinned against the Lord God of Israel, for thus
have I done : When I saw among the spoils a good-
ly Babylonish garment, and two hundred shekels
of silver, and a gold wedge sixty shekels weight, I
coveted them — and took them — and behold they
are hid in the earth, in the midst of my tent ; and
Joshua and all Israel took Achan, and the silver,
and the gold, together Avith his sons and daughters,
his oxen, his asses, his sheep, his tent, and all that
he had ; and they brought them to the valley of
Achor. And Joshua said, why hast thou troubled
us ? The Lord shall trouble thee this day, and all
Israel stoned them with stones, and burned them
with fire." The other illustration is in the Book
of 2 Kings, chapter 5.

Naaman the Syrian was a great man, loaded
with riches and honours ; but he was a leper, (that
is to say) afflicted with a very loathsome, and al-
most incurable disease. He had brought away
captive a little maid out of the land of Israel, who
now waited on his (Naaman's) wife. This little
maid had in her own land heard much about the
Prophet El isha, andshesaid to her mistress, would
to God, my lord were with the prophet that is in
Samaria ! for he would recover him of hislepresv.



25

This kind desire of the little maid was told the
King of Syria, who greatly esteemed Naaman, and
he said go, and I will send a letter unto the King
of Israel. Naaman therefore departed, loaded
with costly presents, and gave the letter to the
king. The contents of this letter were dictated
by the wisdom of the ivorld, which is in reality
foolishness, for there the S3'rian monaroli asks the
king to cure Naaman, as if the wealth, and power,
and greatness of this world could do what could
only be done by the Spirit of God. The King of
Israel rent his clothes, and said, " am I a God to
kill or make alive, that this man doth send unto me
Jo recover a man of his leprosy ? But when Eli-
sha, the man of God, heard that the King of Israel
was shocked at this proposal, he said to him,
''Wherefore hast thou rent tliy clothes ? Let him
come now to me, and he shall know that there is
a prophet in Israel." Naaman therefore came
with great pomp, and stood in his chariot at the
door of Elisha. The Prophet sent to him a mes-
sage that he must bathe seven times in the river
Jordan. Naaman had noi faith to believe that he
could be cured by means so simple ; he had not
yet learnt that the whole secret of the cure lay in
oheying the will of God: he was wroth, and went
away ; he thought that the prophet would come
in person, with much ceremony invokingthe name
C



26

of his God, and that he would recover him by vir
tue of his touch : like his monarch, he was blind-
ed and seduced by worldly wisdom, and thus he
reasoned: ''Are not Abna and Pharpar, rivers of
Damascus, better than all the waters of Israel ?
May I not as well wash in them to be cured ?" So
he turned and went away in a rage ; but a wise
servant of his advised him to try the simple reme-
dy which the prophet had prescribed. He was
persuaded — went down to Jordan, and dipped
himself seven times, according to the command of


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