Benjamin Chase.

History of old Chester [N. H.] from 1719 to 1869 online

. (page 26 of 60)
Online LibraryBenjamin ChaseHistory of old Chester [N. H.] from 1719 to 1869 → online text (page 26 of 60)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook

Albert Augustus Osgood, of Auburn, son of Cady] Os-
good and Mary Kelly, born Feb. 9, 1844, now, 1868, a
Sophomore at Dartmoutli.

Oilman Jenness, son of Abraham Jenness and Abigai 1
Haselton, born at Derry, Feb. 25, 1850, now a resident of
Chester, Sophomore at Dartmouth.

James F. Savage, of Auburn, son of Rev. Isaac A. Sav-
age and Mary Ann, daughter of John Clark, born Feb. 24,
1849, Freshman at Dartmouth.

Charles Almond Goldsmith, of Auburn, son of Thomas
Goldsmith and Esther McDuffee, born June 29, 1846, is
now a Senior in the Medical Department of Harvard Uni-




Dr. Edward Dearborn, son of Jonathan Dearborn and
Delia Robie, studied medicine and practiced at Seabrook.

Dr. Cyrus Dearborn, brother of Edward, studied medi-
cine, and practiced at East Salisbury, Mass.

Dr. Ebenezer Dearborn, another brother, studied medi-
cine, and practiced at Nashua. (See under the name in
early settlers.)

Dr. Jonathan Ililliard Shaw, son of Cornet David Shaw
and Abigail Smith, studied medicine with Dr. Benjamin
Kittredge, practiced in Candia and Dunbarton, and went as
surgeon on board of a privateer in 1814 ; died Sept. 3, 1821.

Dr. John Sargent, son of Abraham Sargent and Lydia
Richardson, born Jan. 6, 1793, studied medicine with Dr.
Zadock Howe, of Concord, practiced at Loudon, Sandwich
and Tamworth ; died at Moultonborough, May 17, 1840.

Dr. Josiah I. Hall, son of John Hall and Hannah Ingalls,
born March 1, 1805, studied medicine with Drs. Benjamin
and Rufus Kittredge, and Dr. McMullan of New Boston,
practiced in Manchester, and now resides in Chester, but
does not practice.

John James Bell, son of Hon. S. D. Bell and Mary
Healey, born Oct. 30, 1827 ; attorney-at-law now at Exeter.
(See genealogical part of this work.)

Dr. Rufus Shackford, son of Capt. Samuel Shackford and
Hannah Currier, born Dec. 17, 1816, studied medicine wath
Dr. James M. Curamings, Groton, Mass. ; in the Tremont
street medical school, Boston ; attended lectures at Dart-
mouth in 1842, also at Harvard in 1843 and '44; graduated
from Harvard March, 1845 ; practiced at Groton, also at
Lowell, and removed to Portland, where he is still in prac-

Dr. Hosea Ballon Burnham, son of Miles Burnham and
Saloma Hall, born at Chester, now Auburn ; fitted for col-
lege at Gilmanton and Sanbornton Bridge ; entered the


Wesleyaii University 1818, remained there through his Jun-
ior year, then left on account of ill health ; studied medi-
cine with Dr. W. D. Buck, of Manchester ; M. D,, Vermont
Medical College, 1853 ; is a fellow of the N. H. Medical
Society and member of the American Medical Association ;
in practice at Epping.

Dr. Mary E. Cox, daughter of Rufus Sanborn and Betsy
Eitts, born at Chester, Nov. 1834, studied medicine and
received the degree of M. D. at N. Y. Hygeio Therapeutic
College, 1861 ; at present resides in Chester, travels and
lectures on the laws of health.

Dr. James F. Brown. (See Physicians.)


Who was the first physician in Chester is not known.
Tabitha Foss, in her administration account, 1747, charges
for having paid Drs. Rogers and Bond ; and Mary Has-
clton, in 1759, charges as having paid Dr. John Bond, and
they probably resided in Ciiester. There was a Master
Wood who taught school in 1746, '47 and '48 ; and there
was a Dr. George Wood in Chester, who removed to Lon-
donderry about 1770 and practiced there until about 1785,
but there is no certainty that they were the same.

Dr. Samuel Moore was a school teacher in 1749 and '50.
He married Mehitabel Ingalls about 1750. He removed to
Candia Corner and was a very prominent man there, though
I think not as a practicing physician. Mrs. Moore was
famous as a midwife. He died in 1793 ; she died in 1818.

Dr. John Ordway was a native of Amesbury, came to
Chester and taught school in 1758 ; married Sarah, daugh-
ter of Samuel Robie, in 1760, and lived nearly opposite
where John Robinson now lives. He died about 1770.

Dr. John Manning is paid for a visit to a pauper in 1781,
and is taxed in 1785. Nothing further is known of him.

Dr. Benjamin Page was in town and his family had the
small-pox in 1778. H-j was in Chester in 1785 and '87.
There was a Dr. Page in Raymond, who lived on No. 122,


Old Hundreds, and Dr. Benjamin Page is taxed for the Ray-
mond place several years. His buildings in Chester were
burned April 5, 1791. New buildings were put up, which
he sold to Joseph Robinson about 1793, and left town.
He died at Hallowell, Oct 28, 1825, aged seventy-eight.

Dr. Thomas Sargent came to Chester about 1777, and
practiced until about 1818, and removed to Canada. (See
his name as an early settler.)

Dr. Samuel Foster was born in Bilerica, Mass. ; studied
medicine at Woodstock, Conn. He came to Chester and
married Mary Colcord of Brentwood, Feb. 19, 1789. He
removed to Candia in June of the same year, and prac-
ticed there until 1812. He died at Brentwood, 1826.

Dr. Benjamin Kittredge came to Chester in 1790, and
died 1830.

Dr. Rufus Kittredge, his son, studied with his father and
practiced in Candia one year, and in Chester until 1849,
then removed to Cincinnati, Ohio. He is yet alive. (See
the name in the genealogical history.)

Dr. Frederic Mitchell practiced in Chester from 1815 to
1817 or '18. Nothing further is known of him.

Dr. Josiah Richards came to Chester, June, 1814 ; M. D.,
Dartmouth, 1814. He stayed but a short time and went to

Dr. John Rogers graduated at Dartmouth, 1816 ; studied
with Dr. Chadborne of Concord ; M. D., Dartmouth, 1819,
when he settled in Chester ; removed to Boscawen, 1821 or
'22 ; died 1830. (See Graduates.)

Dr. Nathan Plummer, son of Nathan Plummer and Mary
Palmer, born Aug. 16, 1787 ; studied medicine with Dr.
Robert Bartley of Londonderry ; practiced a short time
there ; came to the Long Meadows 1818 ; married first,
Sarah, daughter of Rev. Zaccheus Colby ; second, Mehit-
abel, daughter of Robert Dinsmore ; alive 1869, but disabled
for practice by the infirmities of age. Dr. Albert Plum-
mer, M. D., Bowdoin, now of Hamilton, Minnesota, is his
son. •

Dr. Lemuel M. Barker, son of Lemuel and Mary Barker,


^^''C^Jkec'^ty (/ loty^n^-ff^-^' 'y'f^^-


studied medicine with Dr. R. D. Murray ; M. D., Dartmouth
182-i ; commenced practice at Chester, 1825 ; removed to
Great Falls, 1831 ; thence to Boston ; has been superinten-
dent and resident physician of the Massachusetts State
Hospital and member of the State Senate ; now resides in
Maiden ; married Sarah, daughter of Hon. William M.
Richardson, 1826.

Dr. Joseph Reynolds, son of Rev. P. Reynolds, born at
"Wilmington, Mass., Aug. 2, 1800 ; studied medicine with
Dr. James P. Chaplin of Cambridge ; M. D. at Boston,
1828 ; came to Chester, March, 1830 ; thence to Gloucester ;
thence to Concord, Mass., 1852, where he still resides.

Dr. "William "W. Brown, son of Ebenezer Brown and
Mary "Whittier ; born in Vermont, Aug. 28, 1801 ; fitted to
the senior class of Union College, but was prevented by
sickness ; studied medicine with Dr. John Poole at Brad-
ford, Vt., and with Prof. Mussey ; M. D., Dartmouth ; Jan.,
1831, commenced practice at Poplin, had an extensive
practice in that and the neighboring towns ; removed to
Chester, 1834, and remained until 1845; spent the winter
of 1845 and '6 at the University and hospitals of New
York ; then settled in Manchester ; was surgeon of the
Seventh N. H. Vols, nearly three years. His son, "W'illiam
C, was hospital steward, and died soon after his return.
His son, Charles L., was lieutenant in the Fourth N. H.
Vols., died at Folly Island, S. C.

Dr. Darius A. Dow, born at Sugar Hill, Plaistow, came
to Chester about 1847 ; removed about 1850 ; married a
daughter of Abel G. Quigg, and is said now to reside at
"Westford, Mass.

Dr. Jacob P. "Whittemore, son of Jacob "Whittemore and
Rebecca Bradford, born at Antrim, May 10, 1810 ; studied
medicine with Dr. Gregg of Hopkinton and Prof. Dixi
Crosby; M. D., Dartmouth, 1847 ; practiced at Hartford,
Vt.,and Gilmanton ; came to Chester, Dec, 1847; removed
to Haverhill, Mass., 1864. His son, James H., M. D., Dart-
mouth, 1861, is assistant physician at the McLean Asylum.

Dr. James F. Brown, son of James Brovrn and Elizabeth


W. Langford, born on the " Neck " in Cliestcr, now Auburn,
Sept. 6, 1838 ; studied medicine with Prof. Crosby ; M. D.,
Dartmouth, 1861 ; settled in Chester, Oct., 1801, and is yet
in active practice there. He married Abbie, daughter of
Daniel Scribner and Ann Langford of Raymond.

Dr. Geo. W. Manter, son of Francis Manter and Harriet
Revall, born at Londonderry, Aug. 22, 1824 ; studied med-
icine with Dr. William H. Martin of Londonderry ; M. D.
at Castleton (Vt.) Medical College, 1854 ; commenced prac-
tice at Auburn, Feb., 1855 ; removed to Manchester, May,
1862, and is in practice there.

Dr. Hanson C. Canney, son of Paul Canney and Eliza Han-
son, born at Strafford, Nov. 17, 1841 ; studied medicine
with John Wheeler, M. D., of Barnstead and Prof. A. B.
Crosby ; M. D., Dartmouth, 1864 ; commenced practice in
Auburn, 1865, and remains there.

Dr. John Dearborn has resided in Chester several years,
and is a botanic physician.

The wife of Dea. ]\[att]iew Forsaith, the wife of Dr.
Samuel Moore, and Mary Bradley, the wife of Caleb Hall,
were noted in their day as midwives. These midwives bore
the appellation of " Granny." The wife of Joseph Clark
bore that a[)pellation and probal)ly officiated in that ca-
pacity. Likewise Mary, the wife of Roliert Gordon, and
mother of David White's wife, who died about 1795 at a
very advanced age.

Capt. James Shirley, who died 1796, was a seventh son
and famous for curing king's evil or scrofula by the stroke
of the hand.

Henry West, born 1781, was also a seventh son, and
people made long journeys to come to him and he made
long journeys to visit patients.


John Porter, son of Asa Porter and Mehitabel Crocker,
was born at Haverhill ; graduated at Dartmouth in 1787 ;
studied law ; was introduced into Chester l)y Toppan Web-
ster, to do his collecting ; came April 1, 1790 ; removed


' i::^>7^9^-^^^^



April 19, 1793, to Broome county, Canada East ; died there,
time not known.

Arthur Livermore came to Chester in 1793, and was ap-
pointed a Justice of Superior Court December 21, 1799,
•which office he held until 1810 ; Chief Justice, from 1813
to 1816. He afterwards lived in Holderness, and died

Daniel French immediately succeeded Judge Livermore ;
died October 15, 1840. (See the Genealogy.)

Amos Kent came to Chester in 1854; died June 8, 1824.
(See the Genealogy.)

Samuel D. Bell came to Chester in 1820 ; removed to
Exeter in 1830. (See the Genealogy.)

David Pillsbury immediately succeeded Samuel D. Bell,
and removed to Concord in 1854. (See Graduates in

Henry F. French commenced practice in Chester in 1835,
and practiced there till 1840. (See the Genealogy.)

John Kelley, son of Simeon Kelley and Elizabeth Knight,
born at Plaistow July 22, 1796, graduated at Amlierst in
1825 ; studied law with Stephen Minot, of Haverhill, and
E. Moore, of Boston, and was admitted to the Suffolk
county bar ; practiced law three years ; taught at Atkinson
six years, and at Adams Female Academy three years ;
came to Chester in 1842, and removed to Atkinson in
1844, and has been much engaged in surveying and civil
engineering. •



The proceedings of the town and parishes, in relation to
building meeting-houses and settling and dismissing minis-
ters, have already been given in the general history of the


town. The grantees and the earlj settlers were mostly
of English descent, and were Congregationalists ; but Lt.
Thomas Smith, John Smith, the Wilsons, and others who
came early, were of Irish descent, and were Presbyterians.

It is true that there was a prejudice of race, and each, of
course, like all other sects in all countries, had a strong
preference to their own doctrines and modes of worship ;
but that the Irish wera considered intruders, and that that
degree of hostility prevailed that is represented in the
" History of New Hampshire Churches," I see no evidence.
These Irishmen seem to have been jyst as freely elected to
office — and that as soon as they came to town — as others.
The Irish being poor and few in number, joined in set-
tling Mr. Hale, and, so far as appears, as promptly paid
their taxes as others did. Of course, when their numbers
increased, and Mr. Wilson came, they settled and had to
pay him, to do which they no doubt had to practice great
self-denial, and they did not wish to be taxed to pay
another minister. A more noble document, as to its spirit,
its language, and its penmanship, was never drawn, than
the Prcsl>yterian petition presented to the Governor, Coun-
cil and Assembly, in 1737 (page 83).

Then, in relation to the Congregationalists, they were
the standing order, and, it is said, put Major Tolford and
James Campbell to jail. They did no worse than my
father did, by the warrant of the Presbyterian parish, as
late as 1807,fwhen he took a cow from Samuel Underbill
and drove her off and sold her, to pay a minister tax.
Mr. Underbill, being a Quaker, refused to pay. The cow
brouglit three dollars more than to pay the tax, and I
recollect distinctly " Aunt Sarah " came up Sunday morn-
ing through the mud, and left the money, saying that
#he cow was hers, but the money was not, and she could
not sleep with the cursed stuff in the house I

Rev. Moses Hale was ordained October 20, 1731. He is
said to have been a native of Boxford, and graduated at
Harvard in 1722. Governor Wentworth's home lot lay on
the road from the meeting-house to Shackford's Corner,


which Mr. Hale bought May, 1730. By tlie charter, the
first settled minister had a right through the town. The
home lot was next to Governor Wentworth's, which Mr. Ilalc
had, and probably built a house where, or near where, the
the Bell house now stands. The L part of that house was
the Rev. Mr. Flagg's. Mr. Hale sold to Mr. Flagg, March,

Mr. Hale's health was poor, and it was said that he
was deranged, and after some negotiation, he was dismissed
August 13, 1734. It does not appear that there was any
difficulty excepting Mr. Hale's inability. His wife appears
on a deed as Abigail. He removed immediately to Haver-
hill, and was there in 1756.

The difficulties between the Congregationalists and Pres-
byterians have been given in the Proprietory History. The
meeting that gave Mr. Flagg a call was holden June 23,

The controversy about taxes, then commencing, would
naturally produce some unpleasant feeling, and Mr. Wilson
was of a retiring, cautious turn of mind. Mr. Flagg, on
the other hand, was very social and genial, and was deter-
mined to cultivate harmony and friendship with Mr. Wil-
son. So one day he walked to Mr. Wilson's and rapped,
and Mr. Wilson came to the door. Mr. Flagg introduced
himself by saying that he was the minister who had recently
come to Chester ; that there were no other ministers near,
and that it became them to be on terms of friendship and
intimacy. The only reply he received was an " Umph !"
After talking a few minutes, he bade Mr. Wilson a good-
bye, saying he would do himself the pleasure of calling
again in a few days. He accordingly called again, but
with a like result. The third time, after some hesitation,
Mr. Wilson ventured to invite him in, and they ever after
lived on terms of intimacy and friendship.

Mr. Flagg was not what would be called at this day a
revival preacher, but was suspected of leaning towards Ar-
minianism, preaching good works, which was certainly
good so far. He succeeded in keeping the parish united,


and, so far as appears, united in liim during a ministry of
nearly sixty years ; all who were not Presbyterians being
taxed, and paying, except some who lived in Hooksett and
others in Raymond sometimes having their rates abated.

Nearly everybody at that day went to meeting riding on
horseback, or in a sleigh in winter, the horses standing
exposed to the weather, gnd the men, women and children,
during two long services and intermission, sitting in a cold
house without fire, excepting that the women might have a

The usual preliminary to marriage was the publication of
bans by the minister or town clerk ; but before the Revo-
lution a license was sometimes procured from the governor,
for which it is said two crowns were paid. This mode was
very convenient for the purpose of clandestine marriages,
though not confined to such. Mr. Parker, in his History
of Londonderry, p. 76, says : " The ministers of this town
opposed the practice." Mr. Flagg approved of it, and of
course all of those in the neighborhood wishing to be mar-
ried under a license resorted to him, and they were there-
fore called " Flagg marriages.''''

The following is a copy of a license in the hand-writing
of Gov. Wentworth :

" Province of ) To Either of the Ordained Ministers
New Hampshire, ) of the Gospel, of the Province Aforesaid:

You are hearby Authorized and Impowcred to Join to-
gether in holy Matrimony, Mr. Roljcrt MacMurphy and Mrs.
Jean >Shirla, unless Some Lawful Impediment a])pcars to
you to the Contrary. Given at Portsmouth the Eleventh
Day of February, 1747-8.

B. Wextworth."

" Chester.
Tliese may Certify that Mr. Robert MacMurphy And Mrs.
Jane Shirley were Lawfullv Married This Tenth Day of
March, 1747-8, pr

Eben' Flagg."


It seems to have been a tolerably prolific marriage, for
eight births are recorded on the back of the license ; also
the death of the wife, Dec. 31, 1804, aged about eighty-
four years.


Although most aged people when thej see the degeneracy
of the present age, look back to the good old times and say
'■''It was not so u'hen I was young, ^'' yet there were radical
innovators even then, who disturbed the quiet of the con-

There was then very little of the science of music known.
The singing was mostly by rote, perhaps instinctive, like
tliat of the birds. Tliere were two metrical versions of the
Psalms which were used in public and private worship.
The English, called Tate and Brady's, containing also the
Songs of Moses, Deborah, Solomon, some from Isaiah,
Lamentations, &c., wliich was used by the Congregational-
ists ; and the Scotch version, which was used by the Pres-
byterians. The Scotch version is probably now used in
Scotland, as an edition of the bible printed in Glasgow in
1858 contains it ; and Carleton, the correspondent of the
" Boston Journal," tells that on the voyage to England,
after a religious service on board, a Scotch clergyman's
conscience was not satisfied until he had sung one of those
Psalms. The following are specimens :

Sixth Psal^i. {EnjJish version.)

1 . Lord, in th v wrath rebuke me not,

Nor in thy hot wrath chasten me,

2. Lord, pity me, for I am weak ;

Lord heal me, for my bones vex'd be,

3. Also my soul is vexjcd sore :

How long, Lord, wilt thou me forsake ?

4. Return, Lord, my^oul release;

0, save me for thy mercy's sake.

5. In death no mem'ry is of thee

And who shall praise thee in the grave :

6. I faint with groans ; all night my bed

Swims : I with tears my couch wash'd have,

7 . Mine eye with grief is dim and old.

Because of all mine enemies.

8. But now depart away from me.

All ye that work iniquities.

Because Jehovah now hath heard

The voice of these my weeping tears ;

9. The Lord hath heard my humble suit, ;

Jehovah will receive my pray'rs.


10. Let all mine enemies be ashamed

And greatly troubled let them be
Yea, let them be returned back,
And be ashamed suddenly.

Sixth Psalm. (Scotch version.)

1. Lord, in thy wrath rebuke me not,

nor in thy hot rage chasten me.

2. Lord, pity me, for I am weak ;

heal me, for my bones vexed be.

3. My soul is also vexed sore ;

but. Lord, hovf long stay wilt thou make ?

4. Return, Lord, my soul set free ;

O, save me for thy mercy's sake.

5. Because those that deceased are,

of thee shall no remembrance have ;
And who is he that will to thee
give praises, lying in the grave ?

6. I with my groaning weary am,

I also, all the night, my bed
Have caused for to swim ; and I
with tears my couch have watered.

7. Mine eye, consum'd with grief, grows old

because of all mine enemies.

8. Hence from me wicked workers all,

for God hatii heard my weeping cries.

9. God hath my supplication heard,

my pray'r received graciously.
10. Sham'd and sore vex'd be all my foes,
sham'd and back turned suddenly.

A Part of the Sixtt-Fifth Psalm. {English version.

1. Silence to thee; thy praise, God,

In Sion : paid shall be

2. The vow to thee, who hearest prayers,

All flesh shall come to thee.

3. "Works of iniquity prevail

Against me sore do they ;
But as for our transgres-si-ons.
Thou shalt them purge away.


4. blessed is the man of whom

Thou thy free choice dost make ;
And that he may dwell in thy courts.

Him near to thee dost take ;
For with the good things of thy house

Be satisfy'd shall we ;
And with the holy things likewise

That in thy temple be.

5. In righteousness thou by the things

That dreadfully ai'e done
Wilt answer give to us, God,
" Of our sal-va-ti-on,
On whom the ends of all the earth

Do confidently stay ;
And likewise they that are remov'd

Far off upon the sea.

6. He, girt with might, doth by his strength

Fix mountains ; he doth swage

7. The noise of seas, noise of their waves.

Also the people's rage. ^

A Part of the Sixty-Fifth Psalm. (Scotch version.)

1. Praise waits for thee in Zion, Lord,

to thee vows paid shall be.

2. thou that hearer art of pray'r,

all flesh shall come to thee.

3. Iniquities, I must confess,

prevail against me do ;
But as for our transgres-si-ons,
them purge away shalt thou.

4. Blest is the man whom thou dost choose,

and mak'st approach to thee,
That he within thy courts, Lord,
may still a dweller be ;
. We surely shall be satisfy'd
with thy abundant grace.
And with the goodness of thy house,
ev'n of thy holy place.

.5. God of our salva-ti-on.

Thou in thy righteousness,
By fearful works unto our pray'rs
thine answer dost express :


Therefore the ends of all the earth,
and those afar that be

Upon the sea, their confidence,
O Lord, will place in thee.

6. Who, being girt with pow'r, sets fast,

by his great strength the hills.

7. Who noise of seas, noise of their waves,

and people's tumult stills.

The singing was congregational. The minister read the
Psalm, and repeated the first two lines, which the choris-
ter toolc up and sang. A deacon in a pew directly in front
of the pulpit then read a line, in which the whole congre-
gation joined in singing ; then another line was read and
sung, and so on, through the Psalm. As the reading was
done by a deacon, it was sometimes called deaconing' the

In the warning of a meeting of the Presbyterian parish,
March 11, 1760, was an article "to see if tlie parish will
raise any money for hiring a man to Rais the Salnis in the
meeting house."

The practice of the minister's repeating the first two
lines continued till quite a recent date — long after the
occasion ceased. The same mode was practiced in family
devotions. Colonel R. E. Patten, of Candia, tells me that
his grandfather, Thomas Patten, continued the practice
through his life, having but one tune, and that only the
length of one line, and which suited all measures. I have
heard my mother tell of stopping, when passing in the
evening, to hear John Craige and his housekeeper Ruth
Porter and her son Samuel, who performed their devotions
in the same way. However unscientific and unharmonious
all this might appear to a scientific and practiced ear, it no
doubt inspired as true and deep devotion as the great
Music Hall organ will in a modern audience.

It was also sometimes practiced at raisings to sing a
Psalm after the frame was up ; and probably they some-

Online LibraryBenjamin ChaseHistory of old Chester [N. H.] from 1719 to 1869 → online text (page 26 of 60)