Benjamin Chase.

History of old Chester [N. H.] from 1719 to 1869 online

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seven men two days each, two men four days each, ,£6 12s.

" Ace* of time to Give Evidence at Court," — two men
two days each, XI.

" Ace* of time to find if any Trespas'^ upon the Society," —
four men three days each, <£3 12s.

" Account of what allowed the Committee appointed by
the Governor to Lay out y® Town," — four men one pound
each, X4.

Clement Hughes^ charges.

To Attendance on the Govu' 2 days . . . £0 12
To do. on Courts 3 days .... 18
To P"^ Dan^ Levit for two horses that run away
from peoi^le left in the Country to keep pos-
session 7 10

To drawing 2 new mapps £10 00

and many other items.

* There was probably no kind of a road this side of Kingston Plain, and when they
first came to the Chestnut country they must have come through the wilderness on
horse-back, if not on foot, and therefore kept south of Exeter river, and come up
on to Walnut Hill. But they afterwards looked out and cut a way over Beech Plain,
and built some kind of a bridge across Exeter river, to come through the north part of
Sandown.

At the June Term of the Court of Sessions, 1736, the grand jurymen from London-
derry represented that there was no highway from Kingstown to Chester. An order
of notice was served on the selectmen of Kingstown, who appeared in 1737, and
prayed for time.

2



18 HISTORY OF CHESTER.

Capt. Henry Sherburne charges.

To a book 9s. 6d. ; pair of marking irous 3s. 6d. . 13

To a mapp 10

To So much paid Mrs. Small for expenses w"^ y*

Lt. Gov. &c 1 00

and other items. The general price of labor and time is 6

shillings per day. The whole amount is stated March 30,

1723. The Dr. side is £583 4s. 7d.

The Credit :

125 proprietors 60s. each . . . £375 00

For forfeitures 6 16

Recovered of Jarvis Ring ... 2 12

Balance due from the Proprietors . 198 16 7

£583 04 7



The account current is stated again for 1724 and 1725.

The Dr. side, including the above ))alance, X541 16s. 9d.

The Credit side consists of:

126 Propri'* 50s each 2 payment . . £315

126 do 3 payment 20s. . . .126

126 do 4 do 10s. ... 63

One for the first omitted .... 3

507
Balance £34 16' 9«>

I give these items of the accounts to show something of
what these men did and paid to start the settlement of
Chester.

" At a Publick meeting of the Proprietors, held at Capt.
Wingate's at Hampton, March 1(3, 1720-1 :

" Voted, mr. Eph'' Dennet moderator.

" Voted, Clem' Hughes CF.

"Voted, Capt. Tho"* Pierce, Clem* Hughes, Eph. Den-
net, Capt. Jo" Tilton, Caleb Tole, Ich. Roby and Jacob
Stanyan be a Committee to manage the affairs of the So-
ciety for y** Year Ensuing.

" Voted, Capt. Jo" Tilton Receiver.

" Voted, Cap*. Tilton, Caleb Tole, Ich. Roby, Geo.
Pierce and Jacob Stanyan Lott Layers.

" Voted, That y'' Lott layers lay out a Second Division
of 100 acres each Lott, and Such Highways as they see
meet.



PROPRIETARY HISTORY. 19

" Voted, That Cap* Wingit, Deacon Shaw, & mr. In-
galls be a Committee to audit the Committee's acco'*.

" Voted, That Each proprietor pay thirty Shillings by
the first day of May next to discharge y® Society's debts.

" Voted, That the four persons to whom the Stream is
granted Shall give each a bond of Fifty pounds to the Com-
mitte to perform the Conditions of s*^ Grant ; and if any
of them Refuse to do it, the Committee is Impowered to
admit others.

" Voted, That y^ Haverhill people that are proprietors
make their way to the Chesnut Country passable for Carts,
at their Charges, and that mr. Ingalls be Surveyor.

" Voted, That the bridge on tlie Road from Kingston to
the Chesnut Country be made passable for Carts, and that
Jo* Sanborn, Jun"^ be Survevor."

" At a meeting of the Committee Sep. 29, 1721, the fol-
lowing persons were admitted Proprietors, viz., Coll" Peter
Wear, Capt. Rich*^ Kent, Capt. Josh. Wingate, Tho^ Dean,
Sam' Shaw, John Calf."

• •••••••••

" Voted, That the proprietors of the upper Falls on the
great Brook have the privi ledge of the Lower falls also, for
their Further Incouragement to Ijuild a mill according to a
vote of the Society at a publick meeting held Jany. 11,
1720 ; And in consideration of w*^*^ additional Priviledge
they are to build a Grist mill as Soon as the Town will
need it."

This grant was where Haselton's grist-mill and pail-
factory are.

" At a meeting of the Committee Jany. 2, 1721-2,

" Voted, Sam' Welsh, and Jacob Moulton have forfeited

their Right in the Town of Checher, they not having paid

their Charges."

" At a meeting of the Committee Jan^ 22^ 1721-2,

" Present, Thos. Pierce, Eph'' Dennet, Clem* Hughes and
Caleb Tole.

" Sundry of the Proprietors having complained to the Com-
mittee That it was Detrimental to the Town That the sec-
ond Division was not Laid, nor the first yet perfected, and
having also Desired That a meeting of the Prop"^ might be
warned to consult the Affairs of the Town : —



20 HISTORY OF CHESTER. \

" Voted, That Xotifications be Sett up accordingly.

" Voted, That His Excellency's Farm of 500 acres be
Laid out as near the Center as may be without Discommod-
ing the home Lotts."



a



THE NOTIFICATION, YIZ :



These arc to Notifie all Concerned That a Gen' meeting
of the Propriet^ of the Town of Checher is appointed to be
held at the House of mr. Nicholas Ferryman in Exeter on
Monday the Fifth day of Feb"^' next, at ten of the clock in
y** morning, to Choose lot layers to Lay out the Second
Division, the lot Layers chosen at the last meeting having
neglected to do it, and Further to Consult and do what
may be Thought Needful for the Town Service.

Jan^ 22*^, 1721-2. Tho* Pierce,

Eph"" Dennet,
Rich** Webard, | j , p^ Clement Hughes,

Tho* Packer, \ *^"^^- ^ ' Caleb Tole."

" At a Publick meeting of the Proprie** of the Town of
Checher held at Exeter, Feb. 5, 1721-2,

" Voted, Coll" Tho^ Packer Moderator.

" Voted, That the Second Division be two hundred acres
instead of 100 liefore voted.

"Voted, Sam' Ingalls, Clem' Hughes, and Caleb Tole Lott
layers, to Lay out the same.

" Voted, That the Lott layers go on the same as Soone as
possibly they can, and as soon as they have accomplished it
and make a Return thereof to the Committee, That the
Committee Notifie the Prop"^ to meet to draw their Lotts ;
And whereas there is a former vote that there should be a
meeting annually on the Third Wednesday of March, and
it not being prolable that the Said lotts can be laid out
before that time, That the meeting be Defered till the
first Monday in may next Except the Committee See Cause
to call the meeting Sooner."



Proyixce
Seal.



PROPRIETARY HISTORY. 21



THE ROYAL CHARTER.

George by tlie Grace of God of Great Britain,
France and Ireland, King, Defend"" of the
Faith, &c. :



To all People to whom these j/sents Shall come, Greeting.
Know y'^ That we of our Especial Knowledge and meer
motion, for the due encouragement of Settling a new plan-
tation, by and with the advice of our Council, have given
and granted and by these p^'sents as farr as in us lies do
give and Grant, in Equall Shares unto Sundry of our beloved
Subjects, whose names are Entred in a Schedule hereunto
annexed. That Inhaljit or Shall Inhabit within the said
Grant within our Province of New Hamp% all That Tract
of Land within the following bounds : (Viz) to begin at
Exeter Southerly Corner bounds and from thence run upon a
West and by North point two miles along Kingston north-
erly Line to Kingston North Corner bounds, then upon a
South point three miles along Kingston head Line to Kings-
ton South Corner bounds, then upon a West North West
point Ten miles into the country. Then to begin again at
the aforesaid Exeter Southwardly Corner bounds and run
seven miles upon Exeter head Line upon a North East
point half a point more Northerly, Then fourteen miles
into the Country upon a west North west point to the
river Merrimack, and from tlience upon a Straight Line
to the End of the afores'^ Ten Mile line ; and That the
same be a Town Corporated by the name of Chester to the
persons afores*^, for ever To have and to hold the said Land,
to the Grantees and their Heirs and assigns forever, and to
Such associates as they Shall admit upon the Following
Conditions :

1. That Every proprietor build a Dwelling House within
Three years and Settle a Familley Therein, breack up Three
acres of Ground and plant or Sow y'^ same within four
years, and pay his proportion of the Town Charge when
and so often as Occasion shall require the same.

2. That a meeting House be built for the Public worship
of God within the said Term of four years.

3. That upon default of any particular Proprietor in Com-
plying with the Conditions of this Charter upon his part.
Such Delinquent proprietor Shall forfeit his Share to the
other Proprietors, which Shall be Disposed according to y®
major vote of the Said Comoners at a Legall meeting.



22 HISTORY OF CHESTER.

^thiy^ That a Proprietor's Share be reserved for a Parson-
age ; another for the first minister of the Gospell, another
for the Benefit of a School.

Provided nevertheless that the Peace with the Indians
Continne dnring the aforesaid Term of Three years ; bnt if
it should so happen That a warr with the Indians Should
commence before the Expiration of the afores'' Term of
Three years, the aforesaid Term of three years Shall be
allowed to the Proprietors after the Expiration of the warr
for the performance of the aforesaid Conditions, Render-
ing and paying therefor to us, our Heirs and Successors,
or Such other officer or officers as shall be appointed to
receive the same, The annual quit rent of acknowlcdg-
eni* of one pound of Good merch'''*' Hemp in the said
Town on the Twentieth of December yearly forever ; i-e-
serviiig also unto us, our Heirs and Successors, all mast
Trees growing on said Land — according to acts of Parlia-
ment in that behalf made and provided, and for the bet-
ter order, Rnle and Government of the said Town we do l)y
these p'sents Grant for us, our Heirs and Snccessors, unto
the said men & Inhaljitants, or those that shall Inhabit the
Said Town, Tliat yearly & every year upon the last Thurs-
day in march forever, they shall meet to Elect and Chuso
by the major part of them Constal)les, Selectmen and all
other Town officers, according to the Laws and usage of our
afores*^ Province, for the year ensuing, with Such Power,
priviledges and authority as other Town officers within our
aforesaid Province have and Enjoy.

In Wittness whereof we have Caused the seal of our
Said Province to be hereunto annexed. AVittness, Sam"
Shute, Esq"^, our Governour & Command'' in Chief of our
Said Province, at our Town of Portsmouth the 8"' day of
may in the Eighth year of our reign, annoq. Domini 1722.

By His Excellency's Comand

w'^ advice of the Council. Sam" Shute.

R. Waldron, Cler. Con.

A SCHEDULE OP THE PROPRIETORS' NAMES, OF THE TOWN OP

CHESTER.



Cap' Henry Slierburne, Jethro Tilton,

Benf Gambling Esq"", Amos Cass,

Tho» Phipps EsqS James Perkins,

Cap' Josli" Pierce, Susau* Small,



PROPRIETARY HISTORY.



23



Coll" Peter Wear,
Rev^ Nath'^ Rogers,
Clem' Hughes,
Cap' Tho* Pierce,
Cap' Jos Sherbui'ne,
Cap' Arcli<^ Macpheadris,
Eph™ Deniiet,
Benniiig Weutworth,
Cap' Ebeu'^ Weutworth,
Cap' Ricli'i Kent,
George Pierce,
Eleaz'' Russell,
Ichabod Roby,
Rev"! Tho' Simms,
Sam" Shackford,
Jn° Shackford,
Will" White,
Sam" Ingalls,
Mich" W hidden,
Will'" Rymes,
AVill™ Godfry,
Eben"" Dearbou,
John Cram,
John Present, Jun"",
Abram Browne,
John Prescut, Sen"",
Joseph Bachelder,
John Packer,
John Silly,
Tho^ Levit,
Sam" Page,
Nath" Sanborn,
James Present,
Xath" Bachelder, Sen%
David Tilton,
Jon* Emerson,
Elijah Smith,
Sam" Smith,
Jon" Dearborn,
Abram Drake,
Cap' Joshua Winget,
Sam" Blacke,
Jos Sanburne,
Ruben Sanburne,
George Brownell,



Will™ Hally,
Zach' Clifford,
Enoch Sanborn,
Josiah Bachelder,
Sam" Prescot,
Xath" Bachelder, Jnn',
Benoni Fogg,
Richd Clifford,
James Fogg,
Eben' Easman,
Eben'' Loverell,
Rob' Row,
Philip Tole,
Edw"^ Sanborn,
Henry Works,
Jery Sanborn,
Caleb Tole,
Jon* Plummer,
Benj* Tole,
Benj" Smith,
Cap' Jon* Sanburn,
Moses Blacke,
Jacob Basford,
Jacob Garland, Sen',
Jon* Brown,
Piiilemon Blake,
Stephen Sweat,
Jn" Sanburn,
Sam" Marston, Jun',
Nath" Drake,
Henry Sloper,
Tho« Smith,
Will™ Crosswait,
James Boid,
Joseph Young,
Clem' Mesharvy,
Luther Morgan,
Rich*i Hasleton,
Jacob Gilman,
Sam" Sherburne,
Ed«^d Gilman,
Tho» Dean,
Sam" Shaw,
John Calf,
Jon* Clough,



24 HISTORY OF CHESTER.

Benj» Sanburne, Rob* Ford,

Maj' Jn° Gillman, Ju" Jaquisli,

Sam" Thompson, Will" Daniel,

Stephen Webster, Steph" Johnson,

Edward Emerson, Nath" Webster,

Tho« Silver, Eich'^ Jaquish,

Tho» Whiting, James Fales,

Jn° Littlehale, Jn° Cutt & ) one prop'"



■J



Eph™ Gnile, Benj" Ackerman, > share.

Jon* lOmball,

Province N. Hamp% May 10^^, 1722.

His Excellency the Govern'' and the Hon''^*^ Lieut. Govern''
and Council Entered associate with the within persons,
(viz) -

His Excellency a Farm of five Hundred acres and a
home Lott.

The Lieu' Govern'^ the same.

Sam" Penhallow, Esq^ a proprietor's Share,

Mark Hunking, Esq% ditto,

George Jaffrey, Esq^ ditto,

Shad'' Walton, Esq% ditto,

Rich<i Wibird, Esq'', ditto,

Tho' Packer, Esq - , ditto,

Tho^ Westbrook, EsqS ditto.

A True Copy of Chester Charter and the Schedule
annexed to it.

Compared P'' Rich*^ "Waldron, Cler. Con.



CHAPTER II.

THE FIRST SETTLEMENT AND LAYING OUT OP THE LOTS.
THE FIRST SETTLEMENT.

The grantees of Londonderry were actnal settlers ; but
the grantees of Chester were not residents, and yery few
of them ever did reside in Chester. Most of them were
residents of Portsmouth and Hampton, but several dwelt
in Haverhill, Bradford, Newbury and other places. Among
them were merchants, farmers, mechanics and clergymen.
However patriotic and desirous to develop the resources of
the country they may have been, the idea of making money
by the enterprise entered largely into their plans. As has
been seen, they spent a great deal of time and money.
Many grew tired and refused to pay more, and forfeited
their rights, both before and after the charter, and others
took their places. At nearly every meeting, while the af-
fairs of the town were managed by the Proprietors, there
was a vote passed and a committee chosen to enforce pay-
ment of the assessments due. The " Rights " were thrown
on the market like railroad shares of the present day, and
in order to show something of their value, I insert a few of
the sales, with the consideration named in the deeds :

John Calfe sold his right, in 1725, for fifty pounds.

Ephraim Dennet deeded H. L. 143, in consideration of
settlement, building a house and breaking up three acres of
land.

John Karr sold H. L. 13 and half of the right of Henry
Sherburne, to Alexander Craige, 1725, for thirty-four
pounds current money.



26 HISTORY OF CHESTER.

EJmond Tappan sold to Joseph Dearborn half of Nath.
Drake's right, in 1727, for sixty pounds money.

Thomas Symmes sold to Richard Haselton his father's
right, for one hundred pounds bills of credit.

Richard Kent sold to John Tyler his right, hi 1727, for
one hundred pounds good money.

John Wentworth sold to Moses Hale his home lot, ex-
tending from the meeting-house to Shackford's Corner, for
thirty pounds, in 1730.

Moses Hale to Ebenezer Flagg, two home lots and a house,
for two hundred pounds, in 1736.

Lovevvell's war (as it was called) with the Indians com-
menced about the time the charter of Chester was ob-
tained, which no doubt retarded the settlement. There
does not seem to have been any great accession to the pop-
ulation before 1727 and 1728. The settlement at London-
derry was commenced in 1719, by the Scotch Irish, as they
were called (Scotch people who had emigrated to the North of
Ireland). Others came over, and some stopped awhile in
the older towns, — Alexander Craige in Chebacco,the Wil-
sons in Stratham, Tolford in Bradford, &c. Others came
to Londonderry first, and then came to Chester. Here
we e t.\o races, and a considerable prejudice existed be-
tAveen them, though I think not nearly as much as is rep-
resented by the writer of the New Hampshire Churches.
They were of two denominations, but both united in the
settlement of Rev. Mr. Hale, though after he left the Pres-
byterians settled a minister of their own, and refused to
pay taxes for the support of Mr. Flagg, which would, no
doubt, produce ill feeling. Then they had different modes
of living. The Irish ate potatoes and the English did not ;
the Irish churned their milk and drank buttermilk and the
English did not ; the Irish put barley into their pot-liquor
and made barley broth, the English put in beans and had
bean porridge. It is true that intermarriages were con-
sidered improper. As late as 1762, when Benjamin Melvin
married Mehitable Bradley, it was considered an improper
connection. But, after all, I have seen no evidence to



PROPRIETARY HISTORY. 27

show that they as neighbors, did not live quietly and
peaceably together, or that there was any diflference made
in the election of officers.

The question, ivhen the settlement commenced and ivlio
were the first settlers, is difficult to answer. We have seen
that Samuel Ingalls is said, in a deed, to have been of
"Cheshire" in October, 1717. He was a Haverhill man,
and would, naturally, belong to the Haverhill people, whom
the Society were opposing. Mr. Ingalls is said in a deed
to be of Haverhill in 1719. In March, 1721-2, Samuel In-
galls, of Winfield, otherwise Cheshire, conveys to the Rev.
Mr. Phillips the right of Stephen Webster, reserving the
home lot No. 64, which " he lives on," so that he had
made a permanent settlement previous to that, and was
probably the first settler. There is a list of the proprie-
tors who were allowed " Settlery for y'' first year," contain-
ing twenty-four names, but I thinlv only two of them were
actual settlers — Samuel Ingalls and Thomas Smith — and
Smith might not then have resided in town. Tlie proprie-
tors had voted, January 11, 1721, "That each Prop^ that
does not settle shall pay ten Shillings per year during three
years, the whole to be Divided yearly among those that set-
tles." The proprietors would build a house and break up
a piece of ground, and would be entitled to the money.
This settlement money, amounting to twelve pounds, is
charged by the receiver or treasurer as having been paid to
Samuel Ingalls in 1723. There is another list, " For y'^ 2^
& Third year," of eighteen, all but Ingalls and Smitli non-
residents. But this account has no date. The town officers
were chosen and all business done by the proprietors, so
that it is somewhat difficult to determine which of the offi-
cers were residents and which were not, in some cases.
Ichabod Robie was a proprietor and held several offices,
which would indicate a residence ; but probably he never
lived in town.

The following is a list of those who were allowed ten
shillings for settlement in 1723, " For the first year," with
the numbers of their lots and the name of later owners ;
they erected a log house and cleared a piece of land :



28 HISTORY OF CHESTER.

Clement Meshervey, No. 31 ; Ephraim Elliot bought of
Ezekiel "Worthen of Kensington, 1747.

Amos Cass, No. 100 ; sold to John Calf, 1724 ; and after-
wards owned by John Stockman, and by Benjamin Sever-
ance in 1751.

George Pierce, No. 121 ; sold to Dea. Ebenezer Dearborn
of Hampton, Oct. 3, 1729.

Col. Wear, No. 124 ; Sampson Underbill, 1730, and John
Shirley, 1731.

Col. Packer, No. 30 ; Robert Runnels previous to 1733 ;
Ben. Brown, W. M. Richardson, have owned since.

Capt. Thos. Pierce, No. 131 ; Ebenezer Dearborn, Jr.,
1731.

John Sanborn, No. 120 ; John Smith, and he deeded it to
his sons Paul and Sylvanus in 1751.

Zach. Clifford, No. 53 ; Anthony Towle ; now Samuel
Kendal.

Thomas Smith, No. 109 ; James Basford, Moses Hills,
Jacob Hills ; now Calvin Hills.

Thomas Smith lived on No. 150.

Benjamin Smith received settlement money on 111.

Caleb Towle on 55 ; Francis Towle, his son, lived on it.

Jona. Kimball, 63 ; Samuel Ingalls.

Samuel Ingalls, 70 ; Dea. William Tolford lived on it.

Ephraim Gile, 61 ; Thomas Wells ; now Wm. Tenney.

Robert Ford, 149.

William White, 74 ; Thomas Haseltine ; now Z. Shirley.

Thomas Dean, 19.

James Perkins, 59 ; Henry Hall lived on it.

I now insert the names of some of the early settlers, and
when their names are found on any record, to make it
nearly certain that they resided in Chester :

Samuel Ingalls is named in a deed, March, 1722, though
said to be of Haverhill.

Thomas Smith received settlement money, 1723, was a
committee to run Londonderry line in December, 1722, and
was constable, 1724.

John Tolford, of Bradford, bought of John Packer, H. L.
66, on which he settled May 25, 1724 ; was constable 1730.



PROPRIETARY HISTORY. 29

James Whiting was lot-layer in 1725, had a child born in
in Haverhill in 172-1, and one born in Chester in 1726, and
was constable in 1726.

John Karr of Chester sold to Alexander Craige of Che-
bacco H. L. 113, in 1725, and divided lots with Caleb
Towle in 1727.

Jonathan Goodhue had deeds in 1727.

William Powel, constable in 1727.

Jacob Sargent, surveyor of highways, 1727.

Eldad Ingalls, town clerk and treasurer, 1728. He sold
to Thomas Wells, 1729.

William Healey settled on his H. L. in 1728 ; child born
in Chester, 1729.

William Wilson was in Stratham, 1727 ; was fence-viewer
in 1728.

James Wilson was in Stratham in 1727 ; had a deed in
1728, was tythingman in 1729.

Robert Wilson of Stratham had a deed of Geo. Jaflfrey
in 1725 ; was in Chester in 1729.

John Smith is mentioned in the return of Gov. Went-
worth's farm of 200 acres in 1728. He was the first set-
tler at the Long Meadows, on Brownel's additional lot
No. 51.

Ephraim Haseltine, lot-layer, 1728 ; constable, 1729.

Nathan Webster, selectman, 1729.

Benaniah Colby, fence-viewer, 1729,

Isaac Foss of Greenland, deed, 1729 ; surveyor in 1731.

Sylvanus Smith, committee to prosecute trespassers, 1729.

Thomas Glen, deed, 1729, fence-viewer, 1730.

Benjamin Sanborn gave to his son-in-law, Enoch Colby,
half his right with the house in 1723. He was assessor in
1730 ; child born Jan., 1730.

Thomas Wells of Amesbury, deed, 1729 ; surveyor, 1731.

Titus Wells, fence-viewer, and child born, 1730.

Ebenezer Dearborn of Hampton, deed, 1729 ; selectman,
1730.

Israel Huss, field-driver, 1730.

Page Bachelder, deed, 1730.



30 HISTORY OF CHESTEE.

James Basford, deed, 1730.
Lemuel Clifford of Chester, tanner, deed, 1730.
John Shirley, deed, 1730 ; surveyor, 1733.
Jonathan Blunt had a sawmill, 1730 ; constable, 1731.
John Boid, highway across his lot, 1730.
John Aiken, highway and mill grant, 1730.
William Crawford, deed, 1730 ; tythingman, 1731.
Samuel Emerson, selectman, 1731.

Sampson Underhill sold his farm in Salisbury, April 1,
1730, probably came to Chester in 1730.
John Ambrose, deed, 1731.
Henry Ambrose, deed, 1731 ; field-driver, 1733.
Nathl. Ambrose, road across his land, 1733.
Robert Graham, deed of No. 128 in 1733.

Who were the early surveyors in laying out the lots is
uncertain. Clement Hughes charges for " drawing a plat
for the society," " To drawing a Second plat," " To draw-
ing two new Mapps." He might have been a practical
surveyor.

Ichabod Robie was a lot-layer to lay out the north divis-
ion, and was voted fifteen shillings per day while the others
had but ten shillings. In his account in 1723, he has credit
for seventeen days lot-laying, and five days running the
line, which may indicate that he was a surveyor.

Samuel Emerson, Esq., was probably surveyor in laying
out the 2'^ P. 2*^ D., and all subsequent divisions, and it was
said that his memory was so tenacious that he was seldom
at a loss to find any bound or tell where it stood if lost.

Their surveys were inaccurate. There is no certainty that
they ever surveyed the side lines of the lots, but probably
run through on one side of the range-ways and marked
bounds on both sides. The manner of measuring may be
inferred from the complaint against the Londonderry com-
mittee, that they would not allow eleven chains for ten.

On the old plans of the Old Hundreds (Raymond) the
lines next to Chester and Candia are both straight ; where-
as both are really very crooked. The same is true of the




Online LibraryBenjamin ChaseHistory of old Chester [N. H.] from 1719 to 1869 → online text (page 3 of 60)