Benjamin Vincent.

A dictionary of biography, past and present : containing the chief events in the lives of eminent persons of all ages and nations : preceded by the biographies and genealogies of the chief representatives of the royal houses of the world online

. (page 145 of 166)
Online LibraryBenjamin VincentA dictionary of biography, past and present : containing the chief events in the lives of eminent persons of all ages and nations : preceded by the biographies and genealogies of the chief representatives of the royal houses of the world → online text (page 145 of 166)
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A lord of the treasury 1835-39

Secretary to the board of control . . . ia3g-4i

Chief commissioner of woods and forests, 1849-51 ;

of public worlcs . . , . 1851-2
Succeeded his father . . - 15 Aug. 1855
First lord of the admiralty . 1859 — June 1866
Published " Christian Theology and Modern Scep-
ticism " . 1871

SOMEESET, see Carre, Soward.

SOMEEVILLB, Mary, Scotch natural philo-
sopher ; b. (Fairfax) 26 Dec. 1780 ; d. 29 Nov. 1872.
Married her cousin, Samuel Greig . . . . 1804
Studied mathematics ; a widow . . . 1807

Married her cousin, William Somerville . . . 1812
Published paper " On the Magnetizing Power of the

more Refrangible of the Sun's Rays " . . .1826
'* Mechanism of the Heavens " . . .1831

" Connexion of the Physical Sciences " . . .1834
" Physical Geography " . . . 1848, c£ scj;.

•" Molecular and Microscopical Science " . . 1869
"Personal Recollections," published by her daugh-
ter . . . . . . . 1873

SOMEEVILLE, Thomas, historical writer ; b.
Peb. 1741; pubUshed " History of Political Trans-
. actions, and of Parties, from the llestoration of
Bang Charles the Second to the death of King "Wil-
liam," 1792 ; " History of Great Britain during
the Reign of Queen Anne," 1798 ; d. 16 May 1813.

SOMEEVILLE, sir William, see Alhlum-
ney.

SOMEEVILLE, William, poet; b. 1692; pub-
lished " the Chace," 173s; "Hobbinol," 1740; d.
19 July 1742.

SOMMAEIVA, Giovanni Battista, Italian
statesman ; general secretary of the Cisalpine
Eepublic, June 1797 — April 1798; d. 6 Jan. 1826.

SOMMIEE, Jean Claude, archbishop of Csesa-
■rea ; b. 22 July 1661 ; consecrated archbishop, 1725 ;
published " Histoire Dogmatique de la Religion,"
1708-11; "Histoire Dogmatiq^ue du Saint-Siege,"
1716-30; d. 5 Oct. 1737.

SOMNEE, "William, antiquary; b. 5 Nov.
1598; published "Antiquities of Canterbury," 1640;
" Dictionarium Saxonico - Latino - Anglicum,"
1659; "Treatise on Gavel-Kind," 1660; d. 30
Harch i66g.

SONNENBEEG, Fram: Anton Joseph Ignaz
Maria, baron von, German poet; A. 5 Sept. 1779;
wrote "Das Weltende," published 1801 ; "Dona-
toa," 1806; d. 22 Nov. 1805.

SONNEEAT, Pierre, French traveller and
naturalist; b. 1749; published "Voyage dans la
Kouvelle-Guinee,'^ 1776; "Voyage aux Indes
Orientales et a la Chine," 1782; d. 14 Apiil
1814.

SONNINI DE MANONCOUET, Charles
Nicolas Sigisbert, French traveller; b. i Feb.
1751 ; published " Voyage dans la Haute et dans la
Basse Egypte," 1799; "Histoire Naturelle des
Keptiles," 1802; "Histoire Naturelle et des Poissons
Cetaces," 1804 ; d. 29 May 1812.



SONTAG, Henrietta, German vocaUat; b. 13
March 1805 ; maixied count Rossi, 1829; retired,
Jan. 1830; re-appeared, 1849; d. at Mexico, 18
June 1854.

SONTHONAX, Leger, FeUdte, French re-
volutionary agent ; b. 17 March 1763; d. 28 July
1813.

SOPHIA, electress of Hanover, daughter of
Frederick, elector palatine, and Elizabeth, daughter
of James I. of England; b. 13 Oct. 1630; m. Ernest
Augustus, duke of Brunswick Luneburg (elector,
1692), 17 Oct. 1658; mother of George I. of Eng-
land, 28 May 1660 ; crown limited to her issue,
1706 ; d. 28 May 1714.

SOPHIA DOROTHEA, of Zell, queen of
Great Britain, daughter of George "William, duke
of Zell; b. 15 Sept. 1666; man-icd George I., 21
Nov. 1682; accused and imprisoned at Ahlden,
1694 ; d. 13 Nov. 1726.

SOPHIA DOEOTHEA, daughter, queen of
Prussia; b. 27 March 1687; married Frederick 11.
of Prussia, 1706; d. 28 June 1757.

SOPHOCLES, Greek tragic poet; b. B.o. 495;
his tragedies first printed, 1502 ; d. B.C. 405.

SOPHONISBA, queen of Numidia, daughter
of Hasdrubal; maraed Syphax, B.C. 206; d. by
suicide, 203.

SOPHEON Greek poet;/. 5th century.

SOPEANI, Eaflaello, Italian biographer; 6.
1612 ; wrote " Scrittori della Liguria," published
1667 ; " Vite de' Pittori, Scultori ed Architetti
Genovesi," 1674; d. 2 Jan. 1672.

SOPWITH, Thomas," geologist and mining en-
gineer ; b. 1803 ; manager of W. B. (William
Blackett) lead-mines (in Durham and Korthum-
berlanil 250 square miles), 1845-71 ; published
" Treatise on Isometrical Drawing," 1847; (tc.

SOEANZO, Giovanni, doge of Venice; took
Ferrara, 1308; elected, 23 July 1312; d. Dec. 1327.

SOEBAIT, Paulus van, Dutch physician;
wrote "Consilium Medicum," published 1679;
" Medicina Universalis," 1701; d. 28 April 1691.

SOEBIEEE, Samuel, French writer; b. 17
Sept. 1615 ; published translation of More's Utopia,
1643 ; " Relation d'un Voyage fait en Angleterre,"
1664 ;"Epistol® lllustriujii et Eruditorum Viro-
rum," 1669; d. 9 April 1670.

SOEBIN DE SaiSTE-FoI, Amaud, bishop
of.Never5;A. 14 July 1532; opposed the French
protestants; consecrated, 1578; published "His-
toire de la Ligue Sainte couire les Albigeois, tra-
duite de Pii-rre de Vaulx-Cernay," 1569 ; " Huit
Sermons de la Resurrection de la Chair," 1574; d. I
March 1606.

SOEBON, or SOEBOJnSffi, Robert de, French
ecclesiastic; b. 9 Oct. I20I ; founded the Sorbonne,
1253; cf. 15 Aug. 1274.

SOEDELLO, Italian troubadour; b. ii8g;
fled to the court of Charles of Anjou, about 1245 ;
d. about 1280.

SOEEL, Agnes, mistress of Charles VII. of
France, about 1431-4S ; d. 9 Feb. 1450.

SOEEL, Charles, sieur de Souvigny, French
poet and novelist ; b. about 1597 ; published" Vraye
Histoire Comique de Francion," 1622 ; " Nouvelles
Fran(;oises," 1623 ; " Berger Extravagant," 1627 ;
d. 8 March 1674.



SOETAIN



550



SOUTH



SORTAIN", rev. Joseph, indepeudent minister ;
b. 22 July 1809; published " Sermons," 1850; " Uil-
dchrand and the Excommunicated Emperor," 1851 ;
' ' Count Arensbei-g ; or, the Days of Martin Luther,' '
1853 ; d. i6 July i860.

SOSIQ-ENES, Greek philosopher and^ astrono-
mer ;7?. 1st century ,.B.c. employed by Julius Caesar
to reform the calendar, about 46.

SOSITHBUS, Greek poet; /. 3rd century,

B.C.

SOSTHENES, Macedonian general; fl. 3rd
century, B.C.

SOSTEATUS, Greek architect ; Jl. 4th een-
tasy, B.C. ; built the pharos of Alexandria, and the
colonnade to Cnidus.

SOTADES, Greek poet ;/. 3rd century, B.C.

SOTEE, Sahit, pope, elected, i Jan. 175 ; rf. 22
April 182.

SOTHEBY, Samuel Leigh, antiquary and
auctioneer ; b. 31 Aug. 1805 ; published " Typo-
graphy of the Fifteenth Century," 184S ; " Prm-
eipia Typographica," 1858 ; d. 19 June l86l.

SOTHEBY, "VViffiam, poet; b. 9 Nov. 1757;
published " Tour through parts of North and South
wales, Sonnets," 1790; " Georgics of Virgil, trans-
lated into English Terse," 1800 ; '' Iliad," 1831 ; d. 30
Dec. 1833.

SOTHEEN, Edward Askew, comedian; b. i
April 1830; appeared in London aa lord Dundreary,
1853 ; as David Garrick, 1864; manliger of Hay-
market theatre, 1875. >

SOTO, Domingo de, Spanish theologian ; b.
1494; published "de Justitia et Jure," 1553-4;
" Commentai-ia in Quartum Sententiarum," 1561-
79 ; d. 15 Nov. 1560.

SOTO, Hernandez de, Spanish navigator; b.
about 1496; went to Peru, about 1520; assisted in
the enterpiizes of Pizarro; d. whilst exploring the
Mississippi, 25 June 1542.

SOTO, Pedro, Spanish Dominican ; confessor to
emperor Charles V. ; professor of divinity at Oxford,
1556; published " Institutiones Chiistianse," 1548 ;
d. Apnl 1563.

SOUBEIEAN, Eugene, French chemist; b.
24 May 1797 ; published " Manuel de Pharmacie,"
1826; papers, 1824, et seq. ; d. 17 Nov. 1858.

SOTJBEYEAN, Pierre, Swiss engraver; 4. 6
Nov. 1709; d. 1775.

SOUBISE, Benjamin de Eohan, seigneur de.
Huguenot captain ; b. 1583 ; commander of protes-
tants in Brittany, &c., 1621 ; defeated, 1622 ;
seized Ehe, 1625 ; defeated off Eochelle, 15 Sept.
1625 ; fled to England, 1628 ; d. there, 9 Oct. 1642.

SOUBISE, Charles de Eohan, prince de, mar-
shal of France ; b. 16 July 1715 ; defeated at Eos-
bach, 3 Nov. 1757; victor, July, Oct. 1758; mar-
shal, 1758 ; minister of state, 1759 ; d. 4 July 1787.

SOUBISE, Jean de Parthcnai, seigneur de.
Huguenot leader ; b. 1512; defended Lyons against
the duke of Nemours; d. 1566.

SOUBEANY, Pierre Auguste de, French con-
ventionalist ; b. 1750; (?. 18 June 1795.

SOUCHON, Francois, French historical pain-
:er; b. 19 Nov. 1785 ; a. 5 April 1857.



SOUCIET, Etienne, French theologian and
antiquary; b. 12 Oct. 1671 ; published " Eecueil de
Dissertations Chronologiques," 1726; d. 14 Jan.
1744.

SOUPELOT, Jacques Gel-main, French archi-
tect; b. 22 July 1714; designed the Pantheon at
Paris ; d. 29 Aug. 1780.

SOUHAM, Joseph, comte, French general;
b. 30 April 1760 ; d. 28 AprU 1837.

SOULANGE-BODIN, Etienne, French hor-
ticultm-ist; i. 1774; published "Annales de I'ln-
stitut Eoyal Horticole de Fromont," 1829-34; 'I- ^3
July 1846.

SOULAS, Josias de, sieur de Prinefosse, called
Floridor, French comedian; b. 1608; d. April
1672.

SOULAVIE, Jean Louis Giraud, French^ his-
torian ; b. 1752 ; published " Memoires du marechaL
de Eichelieu," 1790-1 ; "Memoires historiques et

Solitiques du Eegne de Louis XVI.," 1802; d.
larch 1813.

SOULIE, Melchior Frederic, French novelist
and dramatist ; b. 23 Dec. 1800 ; published " Deux
Cadavres," 1833 ; " Memoires du Diable," 1837-8;
d. 23 Sept. 1847.

SOULIEE, Jean Pierre, see Solie.

SOULOUQUE, Faustin, emperor of Hayti, as
Faustin I.; b. in slaveiy, about 1790; elected
president, I March 1847; emperor, 26 Aug. 1849;
deposed, 15 Jan. 1859 ; d. Aug. 1867.

SOULT, Nicolas Jean de Dieu, due de Dal-
matie, marshal of France ; b. 29 March 1769; d. 26
Nov. 185 1.

Entered amiy, 1785 ; distinguished . 1794, ct seq.

With Massena, besieged Geuofi April — May iSoo-

Created marelial ig May 1804

Defeated by sir John Moore at Connina . 16 Jan. 1809
General-in-chief of the army of the South 14 July 1810
Took Badajoz .... 11 March i8ii

Defeated by Beresford at Albuera . 16 May „

Again by Cotton at Llerena . 11 April 1812

By Wellington at the Pyrenees . 28 July 1813

Again at St. Jean de Luz . 10 Nov. „

Again at Orthez . 27 Feb. 1814

Again at Tarbez . 20 March ,,

Again at Toulouse 10 April ,,

Re-appointed marshal . 9 Jan. 1820

Made minister of war . . 17 Nov. 1830

Also president of the council . . u Oct. 1832

Resigned Oct. 1834.

Ambassador extraordinary to coronation of queen

Victoria June 1838

Formed the Soult-Passy ministiy, iunvhich he was
minister for foreign affairs and president of the
eoxmcil, March 1839 : again resigned . Feb. 1840

Minister of war and president of the council in the

Gnizot ministry . . . 29 Oct. ,,
Resigned ministry of war, 10 Nov. 1845 ; presi-
dency 10 Sept. 1847

His gallery of pictui-es sold by auction at Paris for

58,694? ig-23 May 1852

His " Memoires " published . . . 1854

SOULT, Pierre Benoit, baron, brother, French
general; b. 20 July 1770; d. 7 May 1843.

SOUMET, Alexandre, French poet and ,dra-
matist; b. 8 Feb. 1788; published "Divine Epo-
pee," 1840; d. 30 March 1845.

SOUTH, sir James, astronomer; b. about 1785;
originally a surgeon ; a founder of Eoyal Astrono-
mical Society, 1820; president, 1829; knighted,
1830; d. 19 Oct. 1867.

SOUTH, Eohert, n.D. ; b. 1633; publiehed
"Sermons," 1697; declined bishopric of Eoches-
ter, 1713 ; d. 8 July 1716.



SOUTHAMPTON



551



SPALDING



SOUTHAMPTON, 'Wriotliesley, earls of :

Thomas; knight; secretary to Henry 'VIII., 1538;
baron Wriothesley, 1544 ; an executor of the king,
XS47 > created earl, Feb. 1547 ; intprisoned, Marcii
1547 • . ■ . . . . d. 30 July isso

Hknkt d. 1581

Henry, son ; friend of Shakspeare ; 6. 1573 ; sup-
ported earl of Rssex in his insurrection ; par-
doned, Feb. 1601 ; ser\''ed in the Netherlands ;

d. there 1624

Thomas, son ; active royalist, 1641 ; cominissioner
at Oxbridge, 1645 il. without issue, 16 May 1667

SOUTHCOTT, Joanna, fanatic; b. 1750; pre-
tended that she would be the mother of the pro-
mised Messiah; published "Strange Effects .pf
Faith," 1801; "Book of "Wonders," 1813-4; d. 27
Dec. 18x4.

SOUTHERN, Thomas, Irish dramatist; l>.
1659; published "Fatal Marriage," 1694; d. 26
May 1746.

SOUTHEY, Caroline Anne, wife of the poet-
laureate, poetess; b. (Bowleg, 6 Deo. 1787; mar-
ried, 4 June 1839; pubUahed " Solitary Hours," 1826;
" Chapters on Churohyards," 1829 ; d. 20 July 1854.

SOUTHEY, Robert, poet and historian; b. 12
Aug. 1774; poet-laureate, 1813 ; d. 21 March 1843.
Published "Joan of Arc," 1796; "Thalaba," 1803;

"Madoc" .... . 180S

"Curaeof Kehama" . . . . .1810

" Life of Nelson " . .1813

"Koderie" . . . . 1814

" Life of Wesley " . . 1820

" Book of the Cluirch " . . .1824

" Life of Bunyan " . . .1830

" Naval History of England" . 1830-40

" The Doctor," published . . 1834-47

SOUTHWELL, Nathaniel, Jesuit biographer;
edited Ribadeneira's " BibUotheca Scriptoriun So-
cietatis Jesu," 1676 ; d. 2 Dec. 1676.

SOUTHWELL, Robert, Jesuit and poet; b.
1559; published "Saint Peter's Complaynt," 1595;
"Miema:," 1595; arrested for alleged complicity
in a popish plot, and aent to the tower, July 1592 ;
hanged, 21 Feb. 1595.

SOUTESTEE, Emile, French noyelist and
misceUaneous writer ; b. 15 April 1806; published
" Demiers Bretons," 1835-7; " PhUosophie sur les
Toits," 1851 ; &o. ; d. 5 July 1854.

SOUZA, Joao de, Portuguese orientalist; b.
about 1730; published "Vestiges de la Langue
Arabe en Portugal," 1789; rf. 2oJan. 1812.



SOUZA, Luiz de, Portuguese historian; 4.
ahout 1560 ; published " Historia de San-Do-
mingos," 1623-78; rf. May 1632.

SOUZA, Manoel de Faria y, see Faria.

SOUZA, Pero Lopez de, Portuguese navigator ;
Avrote "Diai-io da Ii aviga(jao da Armada que foi a
terra do BrasU em 1530," 1539 ; d. 1539.

SOUZA-BOTELHO, Jose Maria, marquis
de, Portuguese diplomatist; b. about 9 March
1758; env^ to Sweden, 1791 ; to Denmark,
1795-9; to France, 1802-3; edited "Lusiades" of
Camoens, 1817 ; d. I June 1825.

SOWERBY family, naturalists :—
James ; 6. 21 March 1757 ; gave up painting for
natiu-al history ; published (with sir J. E. Smith)
"English Botany," 36 vols., 1790-1820; "British
Mineralogy," 1804, etseq. ; "Mineral Conchology
of Great Britain," 1812, ct seq. . d, 25 Oct. 1822
James de Carle, son of James ; able draftsman ;
&. 5 June 1787 ; published "Mineral Conchology,"
1S44 ; " British Mineralogy" 1850



George Brettinguam, conchologist and mineralo-
gist ; 6. 12 Aug. J788 . . . d. 26 July 1854

George BRErxiNOHAM, son ; b. 1812 ; published
" Conchological Manual," 1839 ; " Thesaurus Con-
chylorum" 1842-62, &c-

Henry, brother; published " Popular Mineralogy " 1850

SOZOMENUS, Greek ecclesiastical historian;
his "Ecclesiastical History" first printed, 1544;
d. after 443.

SOZZINI, Fausto, Italian heresiarch; b. 5
Dec. 1539 ; founded the sect of Socinians ; went to
France, 1559; in Tuscany, 1562-74 ; in Poland,
1579; persecuted at Cracow, 1598; published
" Auctoritates Sacrse Scripturae," 1588 ; " de Jesu
Christo Servatore," 1594 ; d. 3 March 1604.

SOZZINI, Lelio, uncle, Italian heresiarch; i.
1525 ; published "Dialogua inter Calvinum et Va-
tioanum," 1612 ; d. 16 May 1562.

SPADA, Italian cardinals :

Bernardino; b. 21 April 1594; created, 1626; pa-
tronised art and literature . d. 10 Nov. i66r

GiAMBATi'isTA, biotlieT ; b. 27 Aug. 1597 ; governor
of Rome, 1635 ; president of the Bomagna, 1644 ;
cardinal, 1652 . ... d. 23 Jan. 1675

Fabrizto, nephew ; b. 18 March 1643 ; nuncio to
Savoy and France ; created, 1675 d. 15 June 1717

Orazio FiLiPPO, brother ; cardinal, 1706 ; auncio
to Poland . . d. 24 June 1724

SPADA, Leonello, Bolognese fresco painter ; 5.
1576; d. 17 May 1622.

SPADAPOEA, Placido, Sicilian Jesuit gram-
marian; b. 1628; published " Prosodia Italiana,"
1682; "Precetti Grammatical! sopra I'Orazione
Latina," i6gi ; d. i Nov. 1691.

SPAENDONCK, Gerard van, Dutch flower
painter ; 6. 23 March 1746 ; d. 11 May 1822.

SPAGNOLETTO, see mbera.

SPAGNUOLI, Giovanni Battista, called the
Mantuan, Italian Carmelite and poet ; b. 1444 ; his
works collected and published, 1513 ; d. 20 March
1516.

SPAGNUOLO, see Crespi.

SPALATINUS, Georgius, fBurokart), German
reformer ; b. about 1488 ; helped to organise Saxon
church, 1527 et seq.; d. 16 Jan. 1545.

SPALDING, Georg Ludwig, son of following,
German philologist; b. April 1762; published
"Vindiciae Philosophorum Megancorum," 1792;
edited QuintUian, printed, 1798-1816; d. about
7 June 181 1.

SPALDING, Johann Joachim, German theo-
logian; b. I Not. 1714; published "Bestimmung
des Menschen," 1748; d. 22 or 26 May 1804.

SPALDING, John, Scottish historian, of Aber-
deen ; b. about 1609 ; wrote " Hietory of the
Troubles and memorable Transactions in Scotland,
1624-45," published 1792; d. about 1670.

SPALDING, Martin John, b.c. American
prelate; b. 23 MayiSio; priest, 1834; coadjutor
bishop of Louisville, 1848 ; archbishop of Baltimore
and primate, 1863; at the Vatican council sup-
ported papal infalUbUity, 1869-70 ; d. 8 Feb. 1872.

SPALDING, Samuel, philosophical writer; b.
30 May 1807; wrote "Philosophy of Christian
ilorals," pubUihed 1843 ; d. 14 January 1834.

SPALDING, WilUam, Scotch logician; pub-
lished " History of English Literature," 1853 ; d,
16 Not. 1859.



SPALLANZANI



652



SPENCEK



SPALJJANZANI, Lazaro, Italian anatomist ;
b. 12 Jan. 1729; profesBor at Keggio 1754; ^^
Paris, 1770; travelled, 1779-86; published "Sag-
gio di Osservazioni Microscbpiche," 1767; "Feno-
meni delle Cjrcolazione," 1777 ; " Prodrome di nn'
Opera da impromersi sopra le Riproduzioni ani-
jnali," 1768; " Dissertazioni di Pisica Animale e
Tegetabile," 1780; d. 12 Feb. 1799.

SPANGENBEEG, August Gottlieb, German
Moravian preacher, b. 15 July 1704; founded Mo-
ravian settlement in Georgia, 1734-5; published
" Leben des Grafen von Zinzendorf," 1772-5 ; " Idea
Fidei Fratrum," 1779; d. 18 Sept. 1792.

SPANHEIM, Ezechiel, baron, son of follow-
ing, Swiss diplomatist and numismatist ; b. 7 Dec.
1629; envoy from the elector of Brandenburg to
the court of France, i58o-8 ; again, 1697-1702 ; to
Great Britain, 1702; published "des Cesars de
I'Empereur Julien," 1660; " Dissertationes de
Pr»stanti4 et Usu Numismatum Antiquorum,"
1664; d. 7 Nov. 1710.

SPANHEIM, Friedrich, German theologian ;
b. I Jan. 1600; became professor of divinity at
Leyden, 1642; published "Uubia Evangelica,"
1634-9; "Geneva restituta," 1635; d. 30 April
1649.

SPANHEIM, Frederic, son, Swiss theologian;
b. I Hay 1632 ; appointed professor of divinity at
Heidelberg, 1655 ; at Leyden, 1670 ; published
"Historia Jobi, 1670; "Summa Histonoe Eccle-
Biasticae," 1689; d. 18 May 1701.

SPAEKS, Jared, American writer ; b. 10 May
1789; unitarian minister, 18 19; principal of Har-
vard university, 1842-52 ; published " Life and
■Writings of George 'Washington," 1834-7 i ^- '4
March 1866.

SPARRE, Eric Larsson, Swedish statesman ;
J. 13 July 1550 ; embraced the cause of Sigismund,
king of Poland, 1589; taken prisoner after battle of
Stangebro; beheaded, 25 March 1600.

SPAREMAN, Andrew, m.d., Swedish natu-
ralist and traveller; b. about 1747; published
"Voyage to the Cape of Good Hope," 1785; d. 20
July 1820.

SPARROW, Anthony, bishop of Norwich ; b.
about 1620; bishop of Exeter, 1667; of Norwich,
1676 ; published " £ationale, or Practical Exposi-
tion of the Book of Conmon Prayer," 1655 ; " Col-
lection of Articles," 1661 ; d. 19 Kay 1685.

SPAETACUS, Thracian warrior; *. about
B.C. 113; leader of gladiators in the second Servile
war, 73-71 ; defeated and elain by Crassue at Si-
larus, B.C. 71.

SPARTIANTTS, MMw, see ^Uus.

SPECKTEE, Erwin, German painter; b. 1806;
his " Letter of a German Artist from Italy " pub-
lished, 1846; d. 23 Nov. 1835. — Otto, brother,
book illustrator ; b. 1807; d. 1871.

SPEDDINGr, James, banister; published ela-
borate edition of Bacon's works, with life, 1857-74.

SPEED, John, historian ; b. about 1555 ; pub-
lished " Theatre of the Empire of Great Btitaine,"
1606, 161 1 ; "History of Great Britaine," 161 1;
"Cloud of Witnesses," 1616; d. 28 July 1629.

SPEGEIi, Haqiiin, archbishop of Upsal; b, 14
June 1645 ; published "Giidz Werk och Hwila,"
poems, 1685; " Svenska Eyrkehistorie," 1707-8;
d. 14 Dec. 1714.



SPEKE, John Manning, captain, African ex-
plorer; b. May 1827 ; ^vith captain Grant discovered
some of the sources of the Nile, 1863 ; published
"Journal of the Discovery of the Sources of the
Nile," 1864; d. accidentally shot, 15 Sept. 1864.

SPELMAN, Edward, scholar; published trans-
lation of Dionysius Halicamessensis, 1758; Xeno-
phon's Expedition of Cyrus, 1742 ; d. l^&].

SPELMAN, sir Henry, antiquary; i._ 1562 ,
published " De non temerandis Ecclesiis," 1613;
'' Glossarium Archaiologicura," 1626; "Concilia;
Decreta, Leges, Constitutiones in Ee Ecclesiastics,
Orbis Britannici," printed 1639-64; d. 24 Oct. 1641.

SPELMAN, sir John, son, archaeologist;
"Psalterium Davidis Latino-Saxonicum," pub-
lished 1640; " iEltredi Magni Angloi-um Kegis in-
victissimi Vitji," 1678 ; d. 25 July 1643.

SPELTA, Antonio Maria, Italian writer; b.
19 May 1559; published " Vite de' Vescovi di
Pavia," 1597; " Baggia Pazzia," 1606; d. March
1632.

SPENCB, Joseph, b.d., critic; b. 25 April
1699; published "Polymetis," 1747; his "Anec-
dotes, Observations, and Characters of Books and
Men" printed, 1820; drowned, 20 Aug. 1768.

SPENCE, WiUiam, entomologist; b. about
1780; with rev. W. Kirby, published " Introduction
to Entomology,' 1815-26; <?. 6 Jan. i860.

SPENCBE, earls:

1. John Spencer ; fe. 18 Dec. 1734 ; created vis-
count, 3 April 1761 ; earl, i Nov. 1765 ; d. 31 Oct, 1783

2. George John, nephew ; b. i Sept, 1758 ; suc-
ceeded, 1783 : first lord of admiralty, Dec, 1794 —
Feb, 1801 ; home secretary, Feb, 1806 — March
1807 ; president of Royal Institution, 1813-25 ; col-
lected the Althorp library . , d, 10 Nov. 1834

3. John oharles, son ; b. 30 May 1782 ; as lord
Althorp, a lord of the treasury, Feb, 1806 — March
1807 ; chancellor of the exchequer, Nov. 1830 —
Nov, 1834 ; succeeded, 10 Nov, 1834 d. i Oct, 1S45

4. Frederick, brother, vice-admiral ; &, 14 April
1798: succeeded, 1845: lord-chamberlain, July
1846 — Sept, 1848 ; lord steward, Jan, 1854 — Nov,
1857 d, 27 Dec, 1857

5. John Poyntz, son ; 6, 27 Oct, 1835 ; succeeded,
1857 ; lord-lieuteuant of Ireland, Dec. 1868 — Feb. 1874

SPENCEE, Aubrey George, bishop of Jamaica ;
b. 1795; consecrated bishop of Newfoundland, 1839;
translated, 1843 ; d. 24 Feb. 1872.

SPENCEE, hon. and rev. George, passionist;
known as Father Ignatius; h. 21 Dec, 1799; d. 1
Oct. 1864.

SPENCBE, George John Trevor; bishop, 1801 ;
bishop of Madras, 1837-4.9; chancellor of St, Paul's,
London, i860; published "Journal of a Visitation
in Madras," 1842, &c, ; d. 16 July i865.

SPENCEE, Herbert, moral philosopher; b.
1820 ; at first an engineer ; pubUshed " Social Sta-
tics," 1851; "Principles of Psychology," 1855,
ei seq. j " First Principles, a System of Philosophy,
1862, et seq.; "Essays," 1868-74; "Principles of
Biology," 1864, «i seq.; "Descriptive Sociology,"
1873, et seq.

SPENCEE, John, d,d., Hebraist; b. 30 Oct.
1630; published " de Legibus Hebrffiorum fiitua-
libus," 1685 ; d. 27 May 1695.

SPENCEE, hon. William Robert, author; b.
1770; published translation of Burger's " Lenore,"
1796 ; d. 22 Oct. 1834.

SPENCEE, see Bespencer, Sunderland.



SPENEB



5a3



SPON



Bi'JiNEJtl, Philipp Jacob, German protestaut
theologian, fuunder of the Pietists ; b. Jan. 1635 ;
first held his " Collegia Pietatis," 1670; published
" Pia Desideria," 1675; d. 5 Feb. 1705.

SPENSER, Edmund, poet; b. 1553; published
" Shepheardes Calendar," 1579; "Faerie Queene,"
1590-1 ; " Complaints," 1591 ; " Colin Clouts come
home againe," 1595 ; " View of Ireland," written
1596; d. i5 Jan. 1599.

SPEEAN SKI, Mikhail, count, Russian states-
man ; b. 1 Jan. 1772; governor-general of Siberia,
June 1819— March 1821 ; published " Code of Rus-
sian Law," in 45 volumes, 1830; d. about 23 Feb.
1839-

SPERLING, Johann, German medical writer;
-b. about 1603 ; d. 1658.

SPERLING, Otto German botanist; b. 30
Dec. 1602; published "Hortus Christianaeus," 1642;
d. 26 Deo. 1681.

SPERLING, Otto, son, German antiquary and
numismatist; b. 3 Jan. 1634; published " Monu-
mentum Hamburgense Benedictmum," 1675 ; d. 18
Mar-ch 1715.

"~SPERONI, Sperone, Italian poet; b. 12 April
1500; published "Dialoghi," 1542; "Canace,"
tragedy, 1546; d. 3 June 1588.

SPETJSIPPUS, Athenian philosopher, nephew
-of Plato ; d. B.C. 339.

SPIEGEL, Hendrik, Dutch poet, called the
" Dutch Ennius:" b. 11 Marchi549; wrote"Twee
.Spraeke van de Nederduytsche Letter- Kunst," pub-
lished 1584; "Hart Spieghel," 1614; d. 1615.

SPIEGEL, Laurens Pieter van de, Dutch
statesman ; b. 1737 ; d. 1800.

SPIEGHEL, Adriaen van den, Belgian anato-



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