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THKYBERGH PARK, in the West Ridmg of
Yorkshu-e, about three miles from Rother-
ham, the seat of John Fullerton, Esq., whose
family came from Ayrshire, but was, according
to tradition, of Ajiglo-Saxon, or of Norman
origm. The name, beyond question, is of
Saxon etymology ; but the pedigree of the
Fullertous of tljat ilk can be authentically
traced in Scotland through six centuries.



At a very remote period, Thrybergh be-
to William de Perci, the founder



longed



of the house of Percy. We afterwards
see it in the possession of the Reresbys,
a family that, with many illustrious
names, yet affords a melancholy example
of the decadence to which the great and
noble may be subjected. Of one it is
said by Wotton, tliat uiheriting from his
father an estate of seventeen thousand a-year,
he became so reduced after a few years, that
he was forced to part with Thrybergh, and
eventually descended to the condition of
tapster in the Fleet prison. Gaming, and
particularly cock-lighting, was his predomi-
nant vice, and there is a tradition at Thry-
bergh, that the estate of Dennaby was staked
and lost on a single main. Many characters,
however, of eminence appear in this family.
One, Sir John Reresby, the second baronet,
was made governor of Burlington by
Charles the Second, and in the reign of
King James, Avas advanced to the more im-
portant office of governor of York. There is
also a pleasuig tradition, though perhaps not
borne out by facts, of a beautiful heiress of
Thrybergh, who plighted her vows to a cer-
tain knight at a cross, which still remains m
a lane near the village, as if to vouch for the
truth of the story. Tlie knight then set out
as a crusader to the Holy Land, and soon
afterwards tiduigs reached home of his having
fallen in battle against the infidels. The lady
would gladly ha\'e remained true to her vow,
but her family, by that sort of persuasion
which, if not force, can hardly be distm-
guished from it, extorted her reluctant consent
to wed a nobleman of their own choice. The
morning of the nuptial day arrived, when the
bride elect, clinguig at this last moment more
than ever to her early passion, resolved to
visit the cross at which she had pledged her
faith. There she found a pilgrim from Pales-
tine, of Avhom she demanded if he had
seen or heard of her lover in the Holy Laud.
To this, in the words of the old ballad, — to
which indeed the story bears a reversed re-
semblance, — the pilgrim replied : —

"And how should I know your trueloTe,

From many another one?"
" Oh, by his coclile hat and staff,

Aud by his sandal shone.

" But chiefly by his face and mien,

That were so fair to view ;
His flaxen locks that sweetly curl'd,

Aud eyne of lovely blue."

" Lidy, ho is dead and gone !

Lady he is dead aud gone !
.\nd at his head a green gj'ass turfe.

And at his heels a stone."

Hereupon the lady fell into a passion of
tears, like her counterpart in the ballad, re-
fusing the proffered consolations of the pil-
grim, who teUs her, truly enough.



250



SEATS OF GREAT DRITAIX.



" Weep no more, lady, irecp no more,

Thy sorvo-we is in vaine ;
For violets pluol;t, tlic sweetest slio-R-ers

Will not make grow againe.
Oui' joys as wiii"ecl dreames doe fly,

Why ther ouid sorrow last?
Since grief ^ ..ta'.'gravates thy losse,

Grieve not for what is past."

Maxims of this kind liave, time out of
muid, been the current coin of those who
essay the task of consolation, but however
true in the abstract, they have seldom been
foiuid to anticipate the healing efieets of time
by a single minute. The pilgrim having tluis
tested the lady's truth, of which he might
well doubt, seeing she was gomg to be wed to
another, flmgs off his weeds, and exclaims,

" Yet stay, fair lady, turn again.

And dry those pearly tears ;
For see beneath this gown of gray

Thy owne true love appears !"

The lovers are then happily married, the
claims of the new suitor very properly giving
way to those of the earlier occupant of the
lady's heart. It was impossible to resist
filling up the lights and shades of the story
from the old ballad, the two bearing so close
a resemblance to each other.

It is not in our power to show the succes-
sive acts by which the Sir William Reresby,
alluded to above, got rid of his immense pos-
sessions. The greater part of them, namely,
Thrybergh, Dennaby and Brinswortli,
passed into the liands of John Savile, Esq.,
of Metliley, who settled them on his sons with
what are called, shifting uses, so that even-
tually Thrybergh came to the youngest of
them. He dying without male issue, it next
devolved to his sister Elizabeth, the wife of
the Hon. John Fincli, her cousin upon the
mother's side. She was succeeded by her
son, Savile Finch, Esq., who sat in many Par-
liaments for JMaidstone and Malton. Having
no issue, he left the estate to his wife, Ju-
dith, daughter of John Fullerton, Esq., of
Craighall, co. Ayr, and that lad}'- bequeathed
it to her own family, in whose possession
it still remains. The old Hall of the
Reresby s, a little altered and modernised,
was standing during the whole term of its
possession by the families of Savile and Finch.
It was near the church, and appears to have
had a venerable and picturesque effect m its
wide front, perforated with numerous small
windows. It was pulled down by Colonel
Fullerton, who erected the present mansion
on a spot not very far from the old building.
The new edifice is of the Gothic style of
architecture, and is exceedingly handsome.
The soil is very rich and fertile, as indeed
may be said of most of the land in this vici-
nity ; nor is there any want of beautiful
landscapes, diversified by numerous seats,
this parish having been, from time immemo-
rial, the residence of families of the fn-st
distmction in the county.



LATHOM HOUSE, near Ormskirk, co. Lan-
caster, the seat of Lord Skelmersdale. The
township and chapelry of Lathom belonged,
at the Domesday survey, to Orm, a Saxon,
from whom the parish of Ormskirk derives
its name. His descendant, Robert Fitzhenry,
of Lathom, founded theRriory of Burscough,
temp. Ricliard I., and may be regarded as
" the Rodolph" of the race of Lathom, whose
ancient manor-house we are about describing.
Robeit's grandson, Sir Robert de Lathom,
greatly augmented bis inheritance by his
marriage with Amicia, sister and coheir of
Tliomas, Lord of Alfreton and Norton ; and
his son and successor, a knight like his father,
still farther added to his patrimony by win-
ning the rich heiress of Sir Thomas de
Knowsley, who brought him the fair lord-
ship which to this day continues to be the
princely residence of her descendants, the
Earls of Derby. The eventual heiress of the
Lathoms, Isabella, dau. of Sir Thomas de
Lathom, married Sir John Stanley, and
hencetbrward, for several hundred years,
and din-ing the period of its chief historic
distinction, Lathom House was held by the
Stanleys. Sir John Staidey, who thus ac-
quired the hand and inheritance of the heiresis
of Lathom, became Lord-Deputy of Ireland,
and received a grant of the manor of Blake
Castle, in tb.at kingdom. In 1405, he had a
commission in conjunction with Roger Leke
to seize on the city of York and its liberties,
and also upon the Isle of Man, on the for-
feiture of Hemy Percy, Earl of Northum-
berland ; and in the 7th of Henry IV., being
then treasurer of thehousehold to the king, he
obtained licence to fortify a house at Liver-
pool (which he had newly built) with em-
battled walls. In the same year, having
taken possession of the Isle of Man, he ob-
tained a grant in fee of the said isle, castle,
and pile — anciently called Holm Town — and
of all the isles adjacent, as also all the regalities,
franchises, &c., to beholden of the said king,
his heirs, and successors, by homage, and the
service of two falcons, payable on the days
of tlieir coronation. On the accession of
Henry V., he was made a Knight of the
Garter, and constituted Lord Lieutenant of
Ireland for six years, in wdiich government
he died, 6th Jan., 1414. The grandson of
this famous knight, Sir Thomas Stanley,
also Chief Governor of Ireland, and Cham-
berlain to Henry VI., was summoned to
I'arliament as Lord Stanley, in 1456. He
married Joan de Goushill, a lineal descend-
ant of King Edward I., and had four sons ;
the eldest, Thomas, second Lord Stanley,
and first Earl of Derby, so celebrated ior
his participation in the victory of Bosworth
Field ; and the second Sir William Stanley,
of Holt, the richest subject of his time, who
was beheaded for his adherence to Perkin



SEATS OF GIlEAT BRITAIN.



251



Warbeck. The Earls of Derby continued
to possess the mansion of Lathom, and to
reside there in such magnificence and libe-
rality, tiiat Camden says, '' With them the
glory of hospitality seemed to fall asleep,"
until the death of William llichard George,
ninth earl, whose daughter and coheir, Hen-
rietta, Lady Ashburnham, sold it to Henry
Furness, Esq., from whom it was purchased
in 1724, by Sir Thomas Bootle, of MelHng,
Chancellor to Frederick, Prince of Wales. He
died without issue, having bequeathed his
pi-operty to his niece, ]\Iary, only daughter
and heir of his brotlier, Eobert Bootle, Esq.,
and wife of Kichard Wilbraham, Esq., of
Rode, M.P. for Chester. By this devise,
the ancient and historic seat of Lathom
vested in the Wilbrahams, and is now pos-
sessed by Edward Bootle Wilbraham, Lord
Skehnersdale, the son and successor of the
heiress of Bootle. His lordship's daughter
is married to Edward Jeoifrey Stanley, pre-
sent Earl of Derby, and thus the name of its
former possessors has become again asso-
ciated with this ancient manor-house. A^'hile
the Stanleys held it, Lathom, for magniticence
and hospitality, surpassed all the residences
of the North, assuming, in those respects,
the attitude of a Koyal Court, and its possess-
ors were regarded with sucli veneration and
esteem, that the following harndess inver-
sion was familiar "as household words" —
God save the Earl of Derby and the King.
At the period of its memorable siege, Latliom
was under the government of the famous
Charlotte de la Tremouille, Countess of
Derby, her husband having bee;i commanded
to leave the realm, and being then in the Isle
of Man. This heroic lad}'-, whose gallant
daring in resisting the mighty power of the
Parliament stands brightly forth amid all
the brilliant achievements of the Eoyalists,
was daughter of Claude, Due de Tremouille,
and, by her mother, Charlotte Brabanton de
Nassau, was graud-daugliter of William,
Prince of Orange, and of Charlotte de Bour-
bon, of the Royal House of France. Tims
highly born, and allied besides to the Kings of
Spain and Naples, and tlie Dukes of Anjou,
Charlotte de la Tremouille did not sully the
renown acquired by so illustrious a descent.
When the moment came for calling forth her
energies and spirit, she rose equal to the occa-
sion, and has left on the page of historj^ an al-
most unparalleled example of female heroism.
After the battle of Nantwich, the united
forces of the Parliament under Sir Thomas
Fairfax, accompanied by the regiments of
Cols. Rigby, Egerton, Ashton, and Holcroft,
marched to Lathom House, Avhere they
arrived 2Sth February. Li the defence of
this mansion, which the dangers of the times
had converted into a fortress, her ladyship
had the assistance of i\lajor Farmer, and the



Captains Ffarington, Charnock, Chisenhall,
Rawstorne, Ogle, and Molyneux.

" 'Twas then they raised, 'mid sap and siege,
The banners of their righttul liege

At their she-captain's caliji' \
Who, miracle of womankind,'. .f
Lent mettle to the meanest liind

Tliat maim'd her castle wall."

On his arrival before Lathom, Sir Thomas
Fairfax obtained an audience of the
countess, who had disposed her soldiers in
such an array as to impress the Parlia-
mentajy general with a favourable opinion
of their numbers and discipline. The offer
made by Sir Thomas was, that on con-
dition of her surrendering the bouse to
the troops under his command, herself, her
children and servants, with tlieir property,
should be safely conducted to Knowslcy,
there to remain, without molestation, in the
enjoyment of one half of the earl's estates.
To this allurhig proposal the countess mildly
but resolutely replied, that a double trust
had been confided to her — faith to her lord
and allegiance to her sovereign, and that
without their permission she could not make
the required surrender in less than a month,
nor then without their approbation. The
impetuous temper of the Parliamentary
army could not brook this delay, and, after
a short con.sultfition, it wa.s determined to
besiege the fortress, rather than attempt to
carry it by storm. At the end of fora-teen days,
wdiile the works were being constructed,
Sir Thomas Fairfax sent a renewed summons
to the countess, but with no bettei success;
the reply of the countess being, that she had
not forgotten her duty to the Church of
England, to her prince, and to her lord, and
that she w^ould defend her trust with her
honour and Avith her life.

Being ordered into Yorkshire, Sir Thomas
confided the siege to Colonel Peter Egerton
and IMajor ^Morgan, who, despairing of suc-
cess from negotiation, proceeded to form their
lines of circumvallation with all the formality
of German tactics. The progress of the be-
siegers was continually interrupted by sallies
from the gariison, which beat the soldiers
from their trenches and destroyed their works.
At the end of three months a deep breach was
cut near the moat, on which Avas raised a
strong battery, where a mortar Avas planted
for casting grenades^ In one of these dis-
charges, the ball fell close to the table Avhere
the countess and her children Avere sitting,
and broke part of the furniture to atoms. A
gallant and successiul sally under ]\Iajor Far-
mer and Captains Molyneux, Radcliff, and
Chisenhall, destroyed these Avorks, killed a
number of the besieging army, and captured
the mortar. The eoimtess not only super-
intended the Avorks, and commanded the
operations, but frequently accompanied her



252



SEATS OF GREAT BRITAIN,



gallant troops to the margin of tlie enemj-'s
trenches. The Parliament, dissatisfied with
all tliis delay, superseded Colonel Egerton,
and confided the command to Colonel Eigby.
Fresh works were now erected, but they
shared the fate of the former ; and Colonel
Rigby, on the approach of Prince Rujjert into
Lancashire, was obliged to raise the siege at
the end of four months, and to seek shelter
for himself and his army in Bolton.

The capture of that to'um, which followed
soon after, under the combined ojieratiuns of
Prince Rupert and the Earl of Derby, yielded
numerous trophies to the victorious army;
and all these were presented to the heroic de-
fender of Lathom House, in testimony of the
memorable triumph achieved, under her com-
mand, by a gallant band of three hundred
soldiers, assailed as they had been, by ten
times their own number.

After the siege, the Countess of Derby re-
tired with her children, under the protection
of the earl, to the Isle of Man, leaving
Lathom House to the care of Colonel Raw-
storne. In July, in the following year, the
siege was renewed by Greneral Egerton, at the
liead of four thousand men, who took up
their head quarters at Ormskirk. The gar-
rison made a gallant and successful stand for
some time, but bemg at length reduced to
extremities, for want of the munitions of war,
and disappointed in the expectation of a re-
inforcement from the king, who was, in the
month of September in that year, at Cliestcr,
the commander was obliged to surrender his
charge hito the hands of the Parliamentary
forces, upon bare terms of mercy, on tlie 2nd
of December. The besiegers soon converted
the most valuable effects of tlie house into
booty ; the towers from whence so many fatal
shots had been tired were thrown down ; the
military works were destroyed ; and the sun
of Lathom seemed for ever to have set.

Of the old House of Lathom, that stood so
stout a siege, not a vestige now remains.
" The ramparts," says Mr. Hcywood, "along
whose banks knights and ladies have a thou-
sand times made resort, hearkening to stories
as varied as those of Boccaccio ; the Maudlin
well, where the pilgrim and the lazar devoutly
cooled tlieir parched lips ; the mewing house ;
the training ground ; every appendage to an-
tique baronial state; all now are changed, and
a modern mansion and a new possessor lill the
place."

Lathom House, as it now a])]icars, is a mag ■
nificent editice, rebuilt by Sir Thomas Bootle,
Knt., Chancellor to Frederick, Prince of
Wales, and is the seat of Lord Skclmersdale,
the owner. His lordship is Cliairman of the
Quarter Sessions, held at Kirlulale, but his
advanced age prevents him from sitting ; he is,
however, ably represented by his deputy, the
Vcn. Jonathan Brooks, Archdeacon of Liver-



pool, who ranks high among the most efficient
chairmen of quarter sessions in England.
The house stands on a plain inclining toAvards
the north, and commands an extensive view.
The soutli front was begun by William, nhitli
Earl of Derby, and was completed, in a man-
ner not unworthy of its ancient fame, by Sir
Thomas Bootle, between 1724 and 1734.
The north front extends 156 feet, with nhie
windows on each floor, and the offices are
joined to it by colonnades supported by Ionic
pillars. The hall is forty feet square and
thirty high. The saloon is forty by twenty-
four feet. The library fifty by twenty-one ;
and there are on this floor thirteen apart-
ments. The house is situated in the centre
of a park between three and four miles in cir-
cumference.

It may not be deemed irrelevant to mention
here a tradition relative to the visit of King-
Henry VIII. at Lathom, particularly as it
does not appear to be generally known.

Subsequently to the execution of Sir Wil-
liam Stanley, when the king visited Latliom,
the earl, after his royal guest had viewed the
Avhole house, conducted him up to the leads
for a prospect of the country. The earFs
fool, Avho was among the company, observing
the king draw near to the edge, not guarded
by a balustrade, stepped up to the earl, and
pointing down to the precipice, said, " Jbm,
reinemhcr Will.'''' The king understood the
meaning, and made all haste down-stau-s and
out of the house ; and the fool, long after,
seemed mightily concerned that his lord had
not had coui-age to take the opportunity of
avenging himself for the deatli of his brother.

The fabulous tradition of the "Eagle and
Child," the crest of the Stanleys, also asso-
ciates itself with the family' of Lathom, and
is thus gravely related : — Sir Thomas Latliom,
the father of Isabel, having this only child,
and cherishing an ardent desire for a male
heir, to inherit his home and fortune, had an
intrigue with a young gentlewoman, the fruit
of which was a son. The infant he contrived
to have conveyed, by a confidential servant,
to the foot of a tree in his park, frequented
by an eagle ; and Sir Thomas witli his lady,
taking their usual walk, found the mfant as if
by accident. The old lady, considering it a
gift from Heaven, brought hither by the bird
of prey, and miraculously preserved, con-
sented to adopt the boy as their heir —

" Their content was such, to see the hap,
That th' ancient larly hug's yt in her lap ;
Smotlis yt with kisses, batlies yt in her tears,
And unto I.atlioui House tlie babe she bears."

Tlie name of Oskatcll was given to the little
foundling — Mary Oskatell being the name
of his mother. From this time, the crest of
the " Eagle and Child" Avas assumed : but, as
the old knight approached near the grave,
his conscience smote him, and on his death-



Si^Aia OF GREAT BRITAIN.



253



bed lie bequeathed the pvmcipal part of his
fortiuie to his daughter Isabel, who became
the Avife of Sir John Stanley, as we have al-
ready shoAA'u, leaving poor Oskatell, on whom
the king had conferred the honour of knight-
hood, only the manors of Jrlam and Urmston,
near Manchester, and some possessions in co.
Chester, in which count)^ he founded the
fomily of Lathom, of Astbury.

EIGMADEN, in the county of Westmor-
land, parish of Kirkby Lonsdale, the seat of
Edward Wilson, Esq. This manor was pos-
sessed in the reign of Edward the Second by
Thomas de Mansergii, a name that was also
given to a chapelry in the same district. At a
later period, this familj'^ would appear to
have assumed the title of Rigmaden. The
property was next held by the Wards, whose
jDOSsession of it continued for a long time,
till at length it was sold by Henry Ward to
Thomas Godsalve, merchant. In 1750 his
gra)id-daughter, Mrs. J\Iargaret Maudesly,
then a widow, succeeded to the estate, at
the decease of her father, Thomas Godsalve,
Esq., and upon her death in 1781, it came
into tlie hands of J\Iiss itary Wilkinson and
Mrs. Margaret Robinson, who sold the same in
1786 to John Satterthwaite, Esq., of Lan-
caster. His faniily again disposed of it
in 1822 to Christopher Wilson, Esq., of
Kendal, whose son and heir, the present Ed-
ward Wilson, Esq., of Rigmaden, served as
High Sheriff of Westmorland in 1851.

Rigmaden Mas built in 1825 by the late
Christopher Wilson, Esq. The style of its
architecture is Grecian, and it stands in a
commanding situation, with an extensive
\ievf of the valley of the Lune, which in
some respects may be said to rival in beauty
the more celebrated valley of the Dove.

CHASLECOTE, co. Warwick, the famous
seat of the Lucys. Shakspeare's early his-
tory has imparted to Charlecote an undying
celebrity. Essentially unchanged in its
features, this lovely spot is perhaps the most
interestmg connected with our immortal bard.
The old Elizabethan house remains the same
as in the days of good Queen Bess, and the
gentle Avon flows, as brightly as of old,
beneath its sunny lavms ; here are still the
venerable oaks under Avhose shade the poet
ofttimes sat, and the richly -wooded park
through Avhieh he loved to roam. PoAverful
is the magic of genius to be able to give to
things and places a charm and character not
their oavu, and to turn to fairyland the greeu
fields and quiet liomes of England !

On the eastern bank of Shakspeare's
native river, about four mdes from Stratford,
stands the village of Charlecote. Before the
Norman iiiA'asion, one Saxi possessed the lord-
ship, and subsequently it was held by the Earl
of Mcllent. The Domesday Survey certifies



that it contams three hides, having two mills
valued at xxi s., and that the whole was rated
at £i. In that record it AA^as Avritten Cerle-
cote, and it Avould appear to haA'e derived its
appellation from some ancient Saxon possessor,
Ceorle being a name of not unfrequent use
in early times. From the Earl of M client,
Charlecote, Avith the rest of his lands, passed
to his brother Henry de Newburg, Earl of
Warwick, and Avere iidierited by Henry's son,
Roger, Earl of Warwick, a partisan of the
Empress Maud, and a munificent benefactor
to the Church, Avho enfeoffed Thurstane de
Montfort with large possessions in the county
of AVarwick, of which Beldesert was the caput
baronial, and Charlecote a minor portion.
This last estate, Thurstane's son, Henry de
Montfort, with Alice de Harecourt, the
Avidow of Robert de IMontfort, his elder
brother, gave to Walter, the son of Thurstane
de Charlecote, and the grant was confirmed
by Richard I., aa'Iio added divers inununities
and priA^leges, all ratified by King .John in
1203. " 'Tis not unlike," says DugdaJe, " tliat
the said Thurstane de Cherlecote Avas a
younger sou unto the before sj^ecified Thurs-
tane de ]Montfort ; for, that he Avas paternally
a JMontfort, the jMS. History of WroxhaU
importeth, and that the same Thurstane was
his father, not only the likelihood in point of
time, but his Christian name doth very much
argue." Certam it is that, by Cicely, his
Avife, he had a son William, who changed his
name to Lucy — a change Sir William Dug-
dale accounts for by the supposition that his
mother AA-as an heiress of some branch of the
Norman family Avhich bore that designation.
Tins gallant knight took up arms Avith the
barons against Kmg John, Avheu all his lands
were seized by the croAvn ; but returning to
his allegiance, he had a full restoration in the
first year of the ensuing reign. From him
derived, in direct succession, a series of
knightly Avarriors — all eminently distinguished
in the military proceedings of their time ; but



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