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WILLIAM H. turner'^



bodley's libbabian



! 9, ^fr





The present volume is the result of an atterapt, now made for
the first time, to describe a large accumulation of documents,
preserved in the Bodleian Library. These formerly constituted
the collections of Anthony h Wood, Roger Dodsworth, Ralph
Thoresby, Thomas Martin of Palgrave, Thomas Tanner bishop
of St. Asaph, Dr. Richard Rawlinson, Richard Furney archdeacon
of Surrey, and Richard Gough.

The several collections have, for the purpose of description,
been thrown together ; and the parishes, which are illustrated by
the various documents, have been arranged alphabetically under
their counties. This plan has been adopted as being the most
convenient for reference. The description will be found, it is
hoped, as complete and concise as the nature and extent of the
materials will allow.

Of these collections perhaps the most interesting and valuable,
on account of the various monasteries represented, is that be-
queathed to the Ashmolean Library by Anthony h Wood.

Its history is briefly this : By a bull of Pope Clement VII,
dated at Rome 5 id. March 1525, the third year of his pontificate,
and confirmed by letters patent dated ist October, 16 Henry VIII,
the following monasteries with their revenues were granted to
Cardinal Wolsey for the foundation of his proposed college at
Oxford : viz. St. Frideswide and Littlemore, Oxford ; Tickford,
Bradwell, and Ravenstone, Bucks ; Daventry, Northamptonshire ;
Canwell and Sandwell, Staffordshire; Tunbridge and Lesnes,
Kent ; Beigham and De Calceto, near Arundel, Sussex ; Wykes,
Tiptre, Blackmore, Stanesgate, Horkesley and Thoby, Essex ;
Poghley and Wallingford, Berks ; Dodenash and Snape, Suff'olk.

The writings belonging to these twenty- two religious houses,
according to Wood ^, ^ were by the Cardinal! transferred to Oxon,
and there layed till his fall, after which divers of the said lands
comming into the hands of the king, and by him granted to
laicks, those writings that belonged to those places lay in a
careless manner subject to wet and the mercy of rats, and none
of them except those that concerned lands and churches that
were confirmed on King Henry VIII college were carefully pre-
served, soe yt the rest, viz. charters bf gifts, leases, accompts,
terriers, rent rolls, &c., being cramped altogether in a little study

1 Wood, MSS. D. 2, p. 568.
a 2



or by-roome in the said treasury, as also in an old worme-eaten
chest, have layed soe much neglected to the mercy of wet and
rats, that most of them, or the chiefest part of them, are con-
sumed to dirt, and noe piece of them bigger than a shilling is
J remaining.'
^ Such was the condition of these evidences in Wood's day.

They had been previously, for some 150 years, in the custody of
Christ Church, where they were obviously considered of no real
value, and probably were given by the authorities to Wood. A
similar neglect would seem to have befallen them from Wood's
time to the present day ; for many of the wrappers had never
been removed since he endorsed them with the name of the re-
ligious house to which they belonged, and with the note ' from
I. Kidd,' the official, possibly, of Christ Church who had the
charge of them. Many had, however, been printed by Dodsworth
and Dugdale in the Monasticon, and described as then being in
, ? Wood's possession ; and most of them are quoted in Tanner's
Noiitia, under the following reference : ^ Cartas quasdam originales
in pyxide Acad. Oxon, legata ah Ant. Wood in Museo Ashmol^

The subsequent dissolution of the greater monasteries added
to the mass of documents already possessed by Christ Church;
and the evidences of Oseney, Thame, and Nottley, became inter-
mixed with those of the twenty-two houses before mentioned.
Many charters of these monasteries also came into Wood's posses-
sion. They are here calendared under the names of the respective

The calendar itself will show the peculiar variety and extent of
the documents preserved, but special attention may be directed
to a few of the most remarkable of them.

Priory of St. Frideswide^ Oxford.

(i) King Stephen^s charter of confirmation of the chapel of
Brill, as held by the convent in the time of King Edward, King
William his grandfather, and King Henry his uncle. Dated at
Oxford; c. 1135.

(2) A grant by William de Mandeville of the tithe of hay in
the village of Cerchil (Churchill, Oxon) ; before the year 11 89.

(3) An exceedingly rare example of a charter issued by King
Henry, son of King Henry II, of which the following is a
transcript : —

* Henricus rex Angliae et Dux Normanniae et Comes Andegaviae,
Regis Henrici filius, Henrico Forestario Salutem. Precipio tibi quod
juste et sine dilatione adresciari facias fossatum quod firmari fecisti in
pratis juxta Haliwellam post coronationem meam sicut esse debet et
sicut an tea fuit, ne injuste noceat libero tenemento prioris de Sancta
Fretheswitha et Canonicorum nee gurgiti sue. Et nisi feceris vicecomes
de Oxenefordsir' faciat fieri ne in araplius clamorem audiam pro penuria
recti. Teste Willelmo de Sancto Johanne apud Oxefi.' c. 11 70.


(4) An exchange of land between the convent and Copin the
Jew of Worcester, in the parish of St. Aldate, Oxford; c. 1230.
The great and lesser Jewry were contained within this parish and
were contiguous to the priory, the lands here having been pur-
chased by the Jews of Robert Trezeraars during Henry Ill's
reign. The witnesses of the charter are distinctly designated as
Christians and Jews respectively.

(5) Foundation charter and ordinances for the chantry within
the church of St. Frideswide, founded by the Lady Elizabeth
Montacute, together with her power of attorney for gi-s^ing to the
priory seizin of the land then known as Montagues-mede, but now
as Christ Church meadow. This charter is much mutilated, but
fortunately it had been transcribed into the Chartulary now pre-
served in the Chapter House at Christ Church. The Chantry
Chapel^ on the north side of the choir of the present Cathedral,
contains an interesting monument of the foundress, which has
been well preserved.

(6) An agreement between Hugh the abbot and convent of
Abingdon, and the prior and convent of St. Frideswide, con-
cerning the right of presentation to the church of St. Aldad's,
Oxford ; c. 1220. The only other church dedicated to this saint
is in the city of Gloucester.

(7) A most valuable document, in French, being the earliest
known description of the boundaries of the city of Oxford, written
at the beginning of the 15th century, and formerly preserved
among the St. Frideswide's evidences. It is fully translated at
p. 31 1 of the present Calendar.

Triory of Littlemore.

The evidences of this priory, forty-eight in number, were con-
sulted by Sir William Dugdale, and eleven of them have been
printed in the Monasticon.

(i) The charter of Henry II, confirming the donation of Roger
de Sanfort or Sandford, was found among the Wood charters.
Nasmyth, in his edition of the Notitia Monastica^ states that it
had formerly been in the custody of Bishop Tanner, and expresses X'
some uncertainty as to its existence in his own time. It is however
well preserved, and, although the great seal is lost, the capsule of
linen and white leather still remains. The charter of Roger de
Sandford, of which this is a confirmation, is printed in the Monas-
ticon^ vol. iv. p. 492 ; but this is by no means conclusive evidence
that Roger de Sandford was the founder of the nunnery. The state-
ment inthe Hundred Rolls is to the effect that it was founded
by Robert de Sandford in a pasture called ' Cherleyham ' per-
taining^" to the manor of Sandford held by the Templars. And
this view is corroborated by the grant of lands at Pusey, Berks,
by Robert de Sandford, of about the same date as the present


confirmation. The land there is granted to the church of St.
Mary, St. Nicholas, and St. Edmund of Cherleia, and the gifts
of Roger, son of Nicholas, and Ralph his son, are confirmed.
This charter helps to explain the indiscriminate use of the names
Littlemore and Sandford by which tliis nunnery was desig-
nated. It is witnessed by Jordan, Roger and Warine, sons of
the grantor.

(2) The bull of Pope Innocent IV, an. 1 245, releasing ten days
of penance to all who should assist in the work of rebuilding the
conventual church of Littlemore, is also printed in the Monasticon^
vol. iv. p. 493, No. xii.

(3) Among the Oseney charters (5 *) is a bull of Pope Honorius
K III, an. 1224, confirming a composition between Oseney Abbey

and this nunnery with regard to the tithes of Stock well- mede.

Priori/ of Tiptre in Essex.

Of this priory, dedicated to St. Mary, St. John the Baptist, and
St. Nicholas, there are twenty-nine charters from the collections
of Wood and Rawlinson. Very little of its early history has been
printed either by Morant or Tanner ; and those writers are incon-
sistent with each other. The earliest date of its existence, hitherto
known, falls in the reign of Edward I. From these charters much
may be cleared up, and, although the charter of foundation is
not preserved, yet as early as the reign of Henry II there is
a grant of the fee in little Toteham, of Maurice, son of Robert
de Toteham, who, if not the founder, was probably one of its
earliest benefactors. The priory became possessed of the church
of Tolleshunt Tregoz by the gift of Geoffrey de Tregoz ; and
the charter of confirmation of his son William de Tregoz is
witnessed by Henry, abbot of Maldon [Bileigh], a monastery
founded an. 11 80, by Robert Mauntell. The charter also bears
the names of Robert and Matthew Mauntell as witnesses.
Tolleshunt Tregoz church was appropriated by William bishop
of London an. 1218, the vicarage being endowed with houses,
lands, small tithes, and the offerings of the altar. The priory
possessed lands in Braxsted, Tolleshunt, and Totham, in the time
of King Henry III, the original grants of which are contained
in this collection.

Priory of Thohy or Ginges in Essex.

This priory, dedicated to St. Mary and St. Leonard, was founded
by Michael Capra, Rohesia his wife, and William his son. The
foundation charter and other evidences are preserved in this col-
lection, the former being printed in the Monasticon, vol. vi. p. 554.

Priory of Stanesgate in Essex.

The muniments of this priory, seventeen in number, princi-
pally relate to the village of Steple and the appropriation of

PREFACE. , vii

its church. These charters have never been consulted for its
history. The following names of priors are found in them : —
(i) William de Petresfeld, c. 1260. (2) William de Cantuaria,
1375. (3) John, 1403. (4) Geoffrey Gosselyn, 1407. (5) Robert
Chamberleyn, 15 Ed. IV. (6) John, 1490. (7) George Good-
harste, 151 1. The dates are those of the documents in which
their names appear.

Priori/ of Horkedey in Essex,

Of the thirty-seven charters belonging to this priory of St.
Peter and St. Paul four have been printed in the Monasticon,
vol. V. pp. 156, 157, including the foundation charter of Robert,
son of Godbold, and Beatrix his wife, upon the removal of the
priory from the jurisdiction of the abbey of Thetford. The family
of Constable of Withermarsh (Hwinemers) w^as a considerable
benefactor. Among these documents is the will of William Con-
stable, temp. Hen. Ill, as also an account of various grants and
services from the manor of Stoke Neylond.

Priori/ of the Holy Trinity y Wallingford,

Of the charters of this priory \6i have been preserved, three
of which are printed in the MonasticoUy vol. iii. p. 280. Nasmyth
in his edition of Tanner omits all reference to them. They chiefly
relate to grants of lands in Wallingford and the villages around
it, extending from the reign of King Henry I to that of Henry
VIII. Historians differ as to the founder of this priory (which
was a cell to the abbey of St. Alban's). Newcome and Clutterbuck
ascribe it to Robert d'Oyley, in opposition to Matthew Paris, who
affirms that it was founded in the time of abbot Paul (1077-
1093) by Geoffrey the chamberlain. In the following charter
of King Henry I a connexion is shown between the priory and
this Geoffrey : —

' Henricus rex Angliae Hugoni de Bochelanda Salutem. Precipio
tibi ut facias haberi juste monachis ecclesie S. Trinitatis de AVarenge-
fort decimam eorum de Mullforda et de terra Henrici Larderarii, ita
bene et honore sicut umquam melius habuerunt et tenuerunt tempore
Regis Willielmis fratris mei, et sicut in die qua Goiffridus camerarius
dissaisitus fuit de terra ilia et sicut .... prae-[c]epi per aliud breve
meum ita ne inde quicquam perdant pro penuria recti nee amplius
inde .... audiam. Teste Ranulpho Cancellario apud Norhamtoniam.'

The importance and antiquity of Wallingford in former times
appears from the various references to its castle, walls, and gates,
as also to its college and hospital. A very full list of its early
mayors and officials might be compiled from the witnesses to the
various charters.

viii , PREFACE.

Priori/ of St. Mary Magdalen^ Tunhridge,

To this priory belongs an extensive collection of charters and
rolls dating from the 12th century onwards. The proceedings
relating to the order of St. Augustine within the diocese of
Canterbury between ann. 131 1— 1362 have been most carefully
enrolled among the evidences of this house, and are interspersed
throughout with other documents bearing upon the history of the
period over which they extend. Among the events here illustrated
are the rising of Humphrey de Bohun, earl of Hereford and Essex ;
the opposition to the king's mandate for seizing the estates of
Hugh d'Audele ; the decree of Robert of Winchelsea, archbishop
of Canterbury, for providing ornaments for churches by parish-
ioners and rectors; the complete destruction of the priory of
Tunbridge by fire on the nth July 1327, and the appropriation
of the church of Legh to assist the monks in rebuilding it ; the
plague raging in 1348; the siege of the castle of Ledes, Kent,
causing damage to the priory there, with the appropriation of
the church of Letherhed for its repairs. There is also a letter of
Thomas, earl of Lancaster, to the citizens of London ; a letter of
King Edward III to the bishop of Rochester for the prayers of
the church in his war against France ; documents concerning
Papal provisions ; the executorship accounts of Hugh d'Audele ;
indulgences ; records of councils of the clergy, and of the granting
of clerical subsidies ; petitions ; royal and other letters^ &c.

The following interesting inventories of the goods belonging
to the churches of Yalding, Brenchley, and Tudeley, taken in the
year 1331, and of Legh taken 1377, are early examples of church
property : —

' Ornamenta, vestimenta et libri, in ecclesiis de Aldyng, Brenchesle,
Teudele et Denardestone, ad festum beati Michaelis archangel! Anno
domini Millesimo CCC tricesimo primo, et anno regni regis Edwardi
tercii, post conquestum quinto.

Aldyng*. ) Primo j Missale bonum. Item j Missale pejus, et
Libri. / ambo sine nota. Item j Manuale pro missis dicendis,
sine nota. Item ij Gradalia bona in quibus con-
tinentur Evangelia, Epistole et Collecte, temporalium
et sanctorum, iij Antiphonaria bona, quorum j con-
tinet in se collectas. Item ij Salteria. Item j Legenda
temporalium et sanctorum cum j Salterio in principio
. . . Legenda. Item j Legenda sanctorum bona. Item
ij Troparia bona in quibus sunt Kirie, Sequentiae,
Gloria in excelsis, Sanctus, et Angnus Dei. Item ij
Manualia. j Martyrologium.

Vestimenta. Item j Yestimentum dominicale, cum toto apparatu.
Item j Vestimentum feriale, cum toto apparatu.
Item j Alba nova, cum Amicia, Stola, et Manipulo,



novis. Item j Alba vetus cum Amicia, Stola et
Manipulo veteribus. Item ij Tuallia ad tergendum

Beenchesle. ) Primo j Missale bonum, et j Missale vetus. iij Pro-
Libri. J cessionalia que sunt et Manualia, j Troparium, ij

Gradalia'quorum j est cum sequentiis Kirie Sanctus et
Anguus Dei. j Antiphonarium. j Portiforium bonum
cum nota, de dono domini Rogeri capellani. j Porti-
forium bonum de almariolo prioratus de Tonbridge
sine nota. j Psalterium bonum. ij Psalteria debilia.
j Legenda temporalis et sanctorum, in uno volumine
etc. Temporalia defectiva. j Legenda sanctorum, per
se non ligata. iij Manualia pro missis dicendis. j
ordinale bonum. j Martilogium bonum. j parvus
Libellus pro sequentiis. Item j Portiforium de legato
Thome le Gegg' defuncti.

Vestimenta. Primo ij Vestimenta principalia, cum v Tualliis bonis
et novis, quorum unum dedit dominus Johannes
Hering, nuper vicarius de Brenchesle. j Vesti-
mentum dominicale, cum ij Tualliis, et cum toto
apparatu. j Yestimentum feriale, cum ij Tualliis
et cum toto apparatu, de dono predicti domini J.
Hering. j Vestimentum feriale, bonum cum ij Tualliis
et cum toto apparatu. Item j Vestimentum feriale
sine Tualliis. j Tunica, j Dalmatica. j Baudekyn de
dono domini Thome Colpeper. j Thapetum stragu-
latum de legato domini J. Hering. iij Tualliis ad
tergendum manus sacerdotis. j Thapetum vetus cus-
todie ad pendendum utroque fine altaris in festis
duplicibus. j Flammeolum de serico ad ponendum
super calicem. j ij Rochetis.

Teudele. ) Primo j Legenda sanctorum, continens Psalterium

Libri. j et Graduale. Item j Psalterium continens

feriales. j Missale. Item ij Item ij

manuale j Antiphonarium principaliter. Item j Por-
tiforium de

Vestimenta. Primo j Vestimentum principal' iij Tualliis ....

j Manuterger .... Processional . . . . j cista ad impo-
nendum vestimenta

Libri et \ Primo ij Missalia. j Processionale. j Troparium cum

Vestimenta / Kyrie Sequentiis et Process, j Baptisterium. ij Gra-

ecclesie de t dalia. j Antiphonarium. ij Portiforia plenaria, Le-

Leghe. j genda sanctorum et temporalium in j volumine. j
Psalterium bonum et j debile. j Ordinale. j Marti-
logium. Ano dni mccclxxvijo.

Primo iiij Calices. ij Vestimenta principalia. Item ij
dominicalia Vestimenta, et ij ferialia. Item iij Tuallia
cum paruris et ij sine paruris pro altari. Item v
parva Tuallia tersoria. j Tunica, j Dalmatica. Pannus


de serico. j Capa processionalis. ij Cruces argentee.
j Crux de laton. ij Superpellic. ij Candelabra de
piautre, et ij Candelabra de cupro, et ij ferr', et j
magnum ferreum.

The following is an account of the dress and furniture required
by the monks at their first entry into the monastery of Tun-
bridge : —

' Habitus noviciorum in prime adventu et introitu ipsorum.

Ut habitus canonicorum breviter describatur. In primis habeant
duas cappas de Worthestede, et unara de frisone, quarum duo capucia
furrentur nigris pellibus angninis. Item unum pallium de burneto
furratum pellibus angninis albis. Item duo superpellicia ad cotidianum
usum, et tercium de Eylesham. ij rochet, cotidian. et j rochet, de
Eylesham. Item duas tunicas de blanketo, et unam supertunicam
furratam. Et j corsetum furratum albis pellibus angninis. Item
unam tunicam tenuem pro estate. Item tria paria linee tele. Item
duo lumbaria. Item duo paria sotularium de cordewan, et j par de
coreo bovino et j par nocturnalium cum filtro linitum. Item duo
paria cahgarum lanearum. Item duo paria caHgarum de kanefas.
Item duo paria pedulorum de blanketo. Item unum par de pinsones.
Item j zonam cum loculo et cultello majore pro mensa et minore
pro pennis, et cum j pare tabularum cum pectine, et j acularium cum
acu et filo. Item j coclear argenteum, et j ciphum de mureno. Item
j capam pluvialem cum capello. Et j par calcareorum. Item j par
cirotecarum cum zona que vocatur Sucoreye. Item ij pelliceas de
pellibus angninis albis. It j blodbend. Item j almucium de burneto
furratum nigris pellibus angninis. Et j parvam cappam furratum,
et aliam non furratam pro estate.

* Vestimenta lectualia. — Inprimis habeant tria Thapeta et j co-
operiens lectum de Yndesay. Item tria paria . . . . et unam culcitram
punctatam. Et j materas, j coopertorium de blanketo furratum. Et
j Kanefas desuper pro straminej pulvinar longum, duo cervicalia; Et
ij sudaria/

Among the documents, calendared as belonging to Oseney
Abbey (No. 28 of the series), is an account of the weekly con-
sumption of food within the priory of Tunbridge in the time of
Edward I.

The consumption in the monastery on Christmas Day was as
follows : —

For the Bakehouse. \ On Christmas day. One quarter 2 bushels of
I quarter, 6 bushels I wheat for the bakehouse, of which 40 manchets
of wheat, 4 bushels i with 2 hundred loaves — 4 bushels for bread for
of mixture. J the brethren, 2 bushels of mixtal. Also 2 hams,

From the store of ) 2 quarters of beef — 2 pigs from the store of
Tunbridge 2 pigs. J Tunbridge killed for the larder, of the price of

From the store of ) 65. — 7 capons from the store of Eldyng, price
Elding 7 capons. j i^^d. — 6 cocks from the store of Brenchley,

From the store of ) price gd., for carriage lod., for veal 6d., for
Brenchley 6 cocks. J mustard 3c?. — one boar from the store of


y f Vi f f \ Tunbridge killed for the larder, price 5s. ; for

^^^^r -j ^ f winc 1 2c?. — on Saturday 100 herrings of the

Tunbridffe one >. n t f i.- u • e

, ° I price of one mark, 01 wmcn price lor carriage

^^^^' ) 4d., for cloth id., for ^d. Also

For the Brewhouse ^ 10 quarters of oats for the brewhouse with 6

10 quarters of oats, V bushels of wheat, from which 2 J casks with

6 bushels of wheat, j one barrel of better beer.

Total iijs. "jd. Total Store 13s. 2jc?.

Priory of Tlckford^ Bucks,

Sixteen documents have been preserved. The matters of most
interest in these are the dispute concerning' the annexation of
the chapel of Yerdley to the mother church of Aston near Bir-
mingham ; and the suit between the vicar of Stoke and the
parishioners of "Willen for the providing of ornaments for the
altar of Willen church.

The Alley of St, Mary^ Oseney.

Whether for local interest, extent or value, by far the most
important series of these records concern this foundation.
They present at once an extensive collection of charters, manor,
court and rent-rolls, domestic and stewards' accounts, embracing
the period from its foundation to its suppression and ultimate dis-
solution. This abbey, founded in the year 1 1 29 for canons regular
of the order of St. Augustine, was chosen by King Henry VIII for
the seat of his newly-founded bishopric of Oxford. The revenues,
site and muniments, together with the see itself, were afterwards
transferred to Christ Church. Its muniments had been codified in
three chartularies preserved in the Cottonian Library, the Record
Office, and in the Chapter House of Christ Church. The first or
earlier chartulary, containing principally the evidences belonging
to the City of Oxford, suffered much in the unfortunate fire of the
Cotton MSS. in 1731. The Christ Church chartulary contains
the evidences of the properties outside of Oxford, while that in
the Record Office is only a translation or abstract of some few
documents in a hand of the time of Henry VI. The lands held by
the abbey lay principally in the counties of Oxford, Berks, Bucks,
Gloucester and Stafford. It also held two churches and some
manors in Ireland of the gift of Roger de Worcester.

The rolls of accounts annually presented to the chapter at
Michaelmas, and entered upon the seneschal's roll, comprise dis-
bursements of the following officials, viz. the keeper of the
infirmary, the keeper of the flocks, the manciple, the cook, the
bursar, the sacristan, the tanner, the almoner, and the keeper of
the castle mills. Several rolls of these accounts are of special
import and interest, since they enable us to form a good con-
ception of the life and condition of the abbey in relation to its
internal economy.


Only one grant made by the founder of Oseney is here met
with, viz. the grant of Stanhall, a member of his manor of
Shenston, to Hugh de Tiwia. Of this manor of Shenston the
deeds (twenty-three in number) commence early in the 12th cen-
tury. Its church was one of those mentioned in the foundation
charter of Robert d'Oyl}^, who at that time owned the whole of
the manor ; and he subsequently confirmed the grant of Stanhall

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