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to the abbey made by Hugh de Tiwia. The other charters con-
cern the families of Grendon and Bray, and add many important
particulars to the history of those families.

Some curious examples of the state of England during the 1 2th
and 13th centuries are found in the sale of serfs independently,
not, as was usually the case, as appurtenants to manor or lands.

Sibilla de Saucer sells to the canons of Oseney her man Gilbert,
son of Godpin, for 20^. [Oseney i.]

Henry d'Oyly grants to Hugh the abbot and the canons his
man Odulph with his issue and chattels, for which he received
4/. and a horse. [Oseney 3.]

Richard the vicar of Great Barton, grants William the weaver,
and Isabella his daughter^ with his issue and chattels for ever, to
the same canons. [Oseney 288.]

Two examples of episcopal indulgences are preserved, viz. one
from Walerand, Bishop of Beyrout, in 1 245, for alms for the Holy
Land ; the other for offerings to be made at the church of St.
George within the castle, by David Archbishop of Cashel {1275).

The retention by the abbot of Oseney of the muniments, cups
and ornaments of the Knights Templars, was the occasion of a
writ from King Edward III commanding him to deliver them
to the Knights Hospitallers, in which it is said that they had
been before demanded of them.

The abbot of this monastery received a writ of summons to
attend parliament until the twelfth year of King Edward II,
from which date he ceased his attendance. By a writ of 15 King
Edward III, dated 20 October, a release is given him, it being
assigned as a reason that he held his lands in frankalmoigne of
the gift of Robert d'Oyly his founder, and not by barony.

The rent rolls of the city of Oxford, although much mutilated,
present a complete history of the houses and properties of the
abbey from the end of the 13th to the 16th centuries.

Among the regal documents of Oseney, and those bequeathed
to the Library by the Rev. R. Furney, will be found various
confirmations of Magna Carta and the Carta de Foresta by King
Henry III and King Edward I; of which there are seven examples
of the highest interest and value.

I. A document bearing the following indorsement, ^ Magna
Carta Caps, xiilj. de Laic, te.^ and in a later hand, ' Carta H. reg'
de libertatihus magne carte H. reg. avi. nostri. Reg'istratur. Bupli-
cata^ and having, affixed by parchment labels, the seals of Gualo



PEEFACE. xiii

the legate, and William Marescall, earl of Pembroke, the former
in white wax, and the latter in green, was bequeathed to the
University by the Rev. R. Furney, M.A., archdeacon of Surrey. It
is the charter issued in 1217, probably on the 6th of November,
together with the charter of the Forest. It is printed by
Sir William Blackstone in his history of the charter, Oxf. 1759,
p. 37, who describes it as ' an invaluable piece of antiquity,'
and supposes it to have belonged to the abbey of St. Peter,
Gloucester. He notices a blank occurring in the last line
of this document which he says ' seems to have arisen from
the uncertainty of the secretary how to entitle this instrument ;
and this may give some countenance to the supposition that the
Oxford original was the very first draught of the charter in
September which was afterwards more fully attested and dated
in November following.' The copy examined by him witli the
Oxford original was a transcript in the Lib. Custumarum, Lond.,
and various readings are noted ; the word ' duplicata ' indorsed
would show that it was not a single instrument, but this word
was printed W . . .athy Blackstone, or probably he would not
have been led into the error. Suffice it to say that no other
original was known or examined by him. [Glouc. 8.]

2. A Charter bearing the following indorsement: — ^ Magna Carta
Beg Henr^ [3]. 8f lihertate totius Regni. duplicata,^ and in a modern
hand ' Oseneia 14. 62.' Appended to this is the seal of Gualo the
legate,, much more perfect than the one to the foregoing charter
noticed. Its indorsement shows that it was formerly in the pos-
session of Oseney Abbey, and it came to the Library with the
Wood collection. This also is the charter of 1217, but its read-
ings present some slight differences, and no blank is found. Its
concluding clause runs thus : ' Quia vero sigillum nondum ha-
buimus presentem cartam sigillo venerabilis patris nostri domini
Gual' titulo Sancti Martini presbiteri cardinalis et apostolice sedis
legati et Willielmi Marescalli com Penbr' rectoris nostri et Regni
nostri fecimus Sigillari. Testibus prenominatis et aliis multis.'
[Oseney 142 *.]

3. A Charter with the following indorsement : — ^ Magna CarV
Bg. H. iij. de liherV totius regni, duj^licata^ and in a modern hand,
* Oseneia 13. 6ij' having the seal of the Marshal appended in
green wax. This is an original copy of the charter of 2 Hen. Ill
last named, and preserved among the Wood charters. It agrees
exactly with No. 2.

4. Charter with the following indorsement : — ' Carta Begia de

diversis libertatibus totius Anglie magnatihus sis. Hen' , iiij.^

and in a modern hand, ^K. H. 3. confirmacon of m,agna charta^
&c. II Feb. 9. Hen. 3. 63.^ The seal has been torn away. This
is the charter of Feb. 1 1, 1225. The search made by Sir William
Blackstone for original copies of this confirmation resulted in the
discovery of two only, one in the hands of John Talbot, Esq.,



xiv PREFACE.

of Lacock, the other belonging to the Dean and Chapter of
Durham. Blackstone described these documents as of inestimable
value, and in consequence of the accident of overturning a
bottle of ink, by which the Durham one was defaced, considered
the one in the possession of John Talbot, Esq., was a singular
curiosity. The copy in this collection is perfect, excepting the loss
of the great seal. It presents some slight clerical differences from
the copy printed by Blackstone, and his collation of the Durham
copy. It is conjectured that this charter was preserved among
the muniments of Oseney Abbey, from the number ' 6^ ' indorsed
upon it, the two previous charters having 61 and 62 upon them.
(Lond. I.)

5. A Charter with this indorsement : — ' Confirmatio Reg^ de
libertatibiis AtigV Caps, xiiij. de laicis tenuris. Registratur,^
being a confirmation, dated at Westminster 28th January, 21 of
Hen. Ill, A.D. 1237, to which is appended the great seal. It is
printed by Blackstone from this copy at pp. 68, 69, no other
original being known to him. This is also one of the charters
bequeathed by Archdeacon Furney. [Glouc. 10.]

6. A Charter indorsed : — ' Conjirmaf Regis E,primi super magnam
cartam de libert^ fforeste. Oseneia 4. 64.' This is an inspeximus
charter of King Edward I, dated at Westminster 28 March in the
28th year of his reign, a.d. 1300, and formerly belonged to Oseney ;
it came to the library in Wood's collection. [Oseney 143 "^.J

7. A Charter indorsed : — • Co7ijirmacio E. Reg. de liber tatibus
Anglie et fores le. Registratur.^

Attached to this charter is the great seal in white wax. It is
dated 14 February, 29 Ed. I, a.d. 1301, and printed by Black-
stone, pp. d>^y 86. This also came to the Library by the bequest
of Archdeacon Furney. [Glouc. 26. J

The documents bequeathed to the Library among the manu-
scripts of Bishop Tanner were most unfortunately immersed during
their transit from Norwich to Oxford in 1731. This accident is
referred to in the preface of theNotitia, ed. 1787, as follows : —

* The author's collections also bound up in volumes marked
WiUoughbg, Jackson, Appleton, Bristol, &c., and frequently referred to
in the following book, suffered in the unfortunate fall of his books into
the water, and were thereby some of them unbound, and perhaps may
not yet be put together again.*

Their present condition shows too plainly the effect of this
immersion. By great care, however, they have been restored, and
present a most valuable series of documents relating to the coun-
ties of Norfolk and Suffolk, and to its abbeys and priories. The
Bishop's acquisition of these charters, and his fear of losing them,
is shown by the following extract from one of his letters to Browne
Willis dated Norwich, 17 Aug., 1724: —



PREFACE. XV

I was last week abroad upon an expedition into Suffolk in quest
after some Books and papers w^^ I have bid a great sum of money for
and hope they will not be snap'd out of my hand, and tho' they may
come pretty dear, yet I have more set my mind upon the getting of
them than the best Bpk. or Deanery. I have not set a step after any
of those things, but shall many a one after these.'

The ecclesiastical documents comprise the deeds of appro-
priations, either separate or inrolled, of between thirty and forty
churches of the diocese of Norwich, as well as the foundation
charters of several chantries within the same diocese.

The roll of Mayors and Bailiffs of Norwich from 26 Hen. VI
to 21 James I, contains, entered under the several years, notes of
remarkable occurrences which happened in that city. A few of
these notes have been printed at pp. 234-5.

Of the priory of the Holy Trinity, Norwich, this collection
contains many evidences, including manor court rolls of Eaton
from 1283 to 1520, and accounts of the keepers of the refectory,
cellarer and precentor.

The evidences of the Abbey of St. Bennet of Hulme, prin-
cipally of the 12th century, include a most beautiful example of
a chirograph executed or penned between the years 1133-1140 ;
and accounts of the cellarer, chamberlain, pietancier, precentor,
and sacrist, as well as to rolls of evidences concerning the appro-
priation of the various churches possessed by that abbey.

Of the possessions of the Abbey of St. John, Colchester, in the
county of Suffolk, the evidences are numerous. Beginning with
a charter of King Stephen, they chiefly relate to the manor of
Wickham Skeyth, held by the abbey until its dissolution. The
series belonging to the villages of Askeby, Somerleyton, and the
two Waldingfields in Suffolk, is most complete, and will illus-
trate the history of those places from the 13th to the lyth
centuries.

The collections of Gough and Bawlinson comprise also those of
Martin and Thoresby, which had been acquired by Gough by pur-
chase. Thoresby^s charters relate principally to Yorkshire. A de-
scription of some of the more curious of them will be found in his
Ducatus Leodiensis, and but few are now missing from his col-
lection. They contain some early charters of Kirkstall, Nostell,
and Gisborne [Guisborough] monasteries. Of the rolls, the original
subsidies for Skirack wapentake, York, of 37 Hen. VIII and
7 James I, as also the Bede-roll of Abbot Norreis, of LilleshuU, are
valuable and in a good state of preservation. The documents of
honest Tom Martin, of Pal grave, were acquired by Gough; in
which are some few charters and papers relating to the Paston
family. These have been used by Mr. Gairdner in his new
edition of the Paston papers. Also a very fine collection of
muniments belonging to the town and abbey of Bury St. Ed-
mund's, from early in the 12th to the i6th centuries. In



xvi PREFACE.

addition to the above collections, there are many single docu-
ments which deserve notice.

The roll for the county of Huntingdon contains the returns of
the Juries under the commission dated the 12th of March, 7 Edw.I,
for part of the hundreds of Leightonstone and Norman cross.
In the Rotuli Hundredorum^ vol. ii. p. 591, the heading to these
returns will be found which, in the present roll, has unfortunately
been torn away. In Leightonstone hundred the villages men-
tioned are, — Wodeweston_, Keston, Spaldewyk, Eston, Upthorp,
Stowe, Little Catte worth, Berwam Leigh ton, Kenebolton Stoule,
Stowe, Wormedich, Akirman, Lwyneshed, Covington GrafFham,
Great Catteworthe, Great Gidding, Wolle, Wynewyk, Thirningg'
Gidding and Elyngton. Of these the returns printed by the
Commissioners, with some few minute omissions and alterations
in arrangement, are duplicates of those entered on the roll. The
hundred of Norman cross at the foot of the seventh membrane
and the returns are w^holly unlike those printed by the Com-
missioners, and contain much additional matter as to the value
and tenures of manors, but omit the minute details concerning
the Villani and CoUarii, It commences with ' Botilbruge q est
hamelett' de Overton Lungevile,' which, as well as the village of
Overton Lungevile, is omitted in the roll printed by the Com-
missioners. That record is stated to be much defaced, and the
returns for Folkesworthe (p. 6'^'^ illegible. The return for that
parish in this roll is as follows : —

FowKEWORTHE. Galfrid' de la Huse tenet capitale manerium de
Fowkeworthe de Comite Oxonie. Et idem Comes
de Comite Glovernie. Et Comes Glovernie de
domino Rege in capite. Et est unus feodus milit*.
Et Comes Oxonie percipit inde scutagium. Et
mesuagium illius manerii ut in gardinis, herbagiis,
et aliis exitibus, annuis valet per annu. ij. 8. Et
habet ibidem sexaginta acras terre que valent per
annum xl. s. prec' acr viij. d. Item habet unam
prati que valet per annum iiij. s. Item habet duos
vi llanos, quorum uterque tenet dimid' virgatam
terre, redd' in denar' in communi v. s. Et operantur
in anno et valent operac' v.s.

Libere tenentes. Item Ricard' de Wyminttone tenet dimid' virgatam
terre ad terminum vite, redd' inde eidem Galfrid'.
iiij. s. iiij. d. Item Hug' fil' Simonis tenet dimid'
virgatam terre per cartam, redd' inde eidem Gal-
frido vj. d. It' Robertus Discy tenet unum mesua-
gium et tres virgatas terre et dimid', redd' duo Abb'
de Thorneye ad pietanciam. vj. s. It' Ricard' de
Hotot tenet unum messuagium cum tofta, redd*
dicto Galfrido. ij. d. Item Ricard' fil' Will' tenet
unum messuagium et unam virgatam terre cum



PREFACE.



pertinentiis, redd' dicto Galfrido. ij. d. It' Amabilia
BoUok tenet unum mesuagium et j. virgatam terra
cum pertinentiis, redd' per annum eidem Galfrido.
iij. d. It Ricard' Bernak tenet unum mesuagium
et dimid' virgatam terre cum pertinentiis, redd' eid*
Galfrido. ij. d. It' dns Johes de Fowlewortlie tenet
vj. acras terre cum pertinentiis, redd' dicto Gal-
frido. oh. It. parsona de ead' tenet unum mesua-
gium et croftam cum pertinentiis, redd' per anii j. d.
Summa iij li. vij s. viij d. oh.

The difference between these returns and those printed by the
Commissioners is very marked, as is shown by the following
inquisition for the village of Haddon : —

[From the Roll^

Haddon. Dicunt g> abbas de Torneya. tenet manerium de

Haddon . de done diii Edgar' quondam Reg' Anglie
et situs dicti manerii prout includitur in gardls
herbag' et aliis exit' . valet per annum v. ?.
Item liabet ibidem ij caruc' ter' et dimidiam et
valet per anii vj. li. v. s. prec'. Caruc' . L.s.
Item habet ibidem vj. acras prati que valent per
ann. xxiiij. s. Item habet ibidem pastur' seperalem
que valet per ann v. s. . Item habet ibidem xxiiij.
villanos qui tenent xxj. virgat' terre inter se.
Reddendo per anii pro omnibus servic' et operac'
xvj. U. xij. s. prec' virgat' xvj. s. Item habet ibidem
xiij cotar' qui tenent cotagia. Reddend per ann.
pro omnibus servic' et operac' xij. s. vj. (Z.

Libera tenentes. Galfridus de Haddon tenet j. virgatam terre per
cartam Reddendo eidem abbati iiij. s.
Item Robertus le Fraunthome quondam tenuit j.
virgat' terre Reddendo per anii. eidem abbati iij. s.
Item idem Abbas habet advocationem ecclesie . et
habet Regale . quo Warent' nesciunt.

Summa xxv. li. xs. vjc?,

[From the Rotuli Hundredorum, vol. ii. p. 644.]

Haddonb. Abbas de Thorneie tenet manerium de Haddone in

liberam puram et perpetuam elemosinam de dono
domini Reg' Edgar' quondam Reg' Anglie. Et habet
ibidem quoddam gardinum quod continet dimid'
acr' terre. Et ad totam villam de Haddone per-
tinent vj. hid' terre et dimid', et dimid' virgat' quar'
quehbet hida continet v. virgatas. Et quelibet virgata
continet xxiiij acras terre. De quibus hidis diet'
Abb' tenet in dominico ij hidas et ij virgatas terre
et dimid' que continent ut supra. Item habet
ibidem vj acr' prati. Item habet ibidem pastur'
separalem que continet unam acr' terre.
b



xviii PREFACE.

Libere Teiientes.

Galfr' le Heyr de Haddon tenet uniim mesuag' et
uiiam virgatam terre per cartam, redd' dicto domiuo
Abb' per annum iiij. s. Et faciendo sect' ad comitat'
Huntingd' et ad hundred' de Nokmanecros et
faciendo j bedrepam in autumpno cum ij hominibus
et hoc ad prandium dicti Abb' et unum lovebone
cum duobus hominibus ad prandium Abb' et arrabit
tempore quadragesimali unam rod' terre tm. It
Kob de Fraunchome quondam tenuit unam virgatam
terre que virgata diet' Abb' Thorneye modo tenet
de dono dicti Kob' in liberam puram et perpetuam
clemosinam.
Of the Cotar and Villani full particulars are given.

The roll contains the returns for the following places in
Normancross hundred : — Botilbruge, Overton Lungevile, Over-
ton Waterwyle, Alewolton, Flectone, Cestretone, Aplyngtone,
Wassinggele, Morebourne, Fowkeworthe, Stiltone^ Caldekote,
Dentone, Glattone, Hulina, Conytone, Saltreia, Lodinkton,
Wawtone, Nebton, Sibeston, Stibiiigton, Silestone, Walmesforde,
Haddon, Wodeston, Stangrund, Fareshened, Kingesdelf (marsh)
Jakele, Witlesmere.

Of some historical importance are two wardrobe account orders,
under the hand of Queen Mary, to Sir Edward Waldegrave, Kt.,
the one dated at Hampton Court lo April, i and 2, the other
from Greenwich i Oct., 2 and 3 of her reign. In these accounts
are met with two historic personages attached to the Queen's
person as fools. The one, Will Somers, who was the great
favourite of her father ; the other, Jane the fool, being the
only person on record, according to Sir F. Madden, who, as a
female, was maintained on the same footing as the Court jesters.
In The Frii^ Ptorse Expenses of Princess Mary before she was Queen
many entries occur of payments for apparel and attendances for
Jane the fool, commencing as early as December 153 7- ^^^ i^
is somewhat remarkable that both she herself and Will Somers
should have been retained for so many years at Court. The fol-
lowing articles of dress for them are mentioned in the account,
10 Apl. 1555 :—

' Item for furring of a gowne (for William Somner o^ foole) w* gray

Jennetts tayles w* a peire of and a caape of Jennetts Tailes

to the same gowne, And fourtie white Lambeskynnes. Item for
furring of a gowne of grene figured vellat (for liym) w* sixteene white
hare skynnes and fourtie and sixe white Lambe skennes. Item for
furring of a Jerkin (for bym) of the same vellat w<^ some white hare
skennes and twentie white lambe skynnes. Item for furring of a
gowne of the same vellat w* six white hare skynnes for Jane of foole.
Item for thirtene dossen and a haulf of round silke buttons of sundrye
collours (for the saide William Somner), Two lowpe buttons of silke,



PREFACE. xix

two dossen of buttons of grene silke and silver, five ounces of black
stiching silke, sixe peire of Lemon hoosen, Two peire of knitt hoosen,
Twelve shirts of Holland cloth and twelve handkerchevers of holland
cloth. Item for eight peire of blake knitt hoosen (for the said Jane),
seventeen ounces and a haulf of Frenge of divers collors of fine
Spanishe silke for the Frenging of a gowne and a cappe of divers
collers, one peece of green poyntyng Rebande for a gowne of grene and
striped w^ gold, and for making of two cappes, the oone w* frenge the
other w^ Armions for the trymmyng of the same capp. Item for thre
yerds of red cloth to make hym a coate and two yerds of vellat to
garde the same, for lining, making and embraidering of o^ Lres. Item
for twelve peire of shewes for the said Jane.'

In the account i Oct., 1555, the following are enumerated: —

' Item for making of a loose gowne of grene vellat for Jane o^ foole
tyncelled w* golde of o^ store, lined w* blake cotton, the fore sieves
lined with fustian, the upper sieves lined w* frise and bagges and staye
for the same. Item for making of a Douche, Gowne of Fustian ....
edged w* frenge, the plates lined w* buckeram and cotton, the bodyes
and sieves lined with fustian, the upper sieves lined w* frise, the collo^'
lined with stiff buckeram. Item for making of a kertle (for her) of
striped unwatered Chamblet w* bodyes, the nether parte lined with
blake cotton and the bodyes and placard e lined w* Lennen cloth.
Item for twelve peire of Showes for the said Jane. Item for making
of two grene coates for the said Willm Somner, the one garded w*^
vellat, thother playne lyned w* cotton.'

The last notice found of Will Somers by Dr. Doran in his
book of Court fools^ was in the reign of Edward VI ; but among
the female fools all mention of Jane is omitted.

Another document of some historic moment is a general
pardon under the sign manual of King Henry VII to Thomas
Barker of Stenemor, dated 27 Nov., 21st year of his reign, 'for
being against the king in his person at Bosworth felde, and should
w^age and send oon William Marchall to Newerk felde, wtherel of
Lincoln and Lord Lovell against us, and also sithen to Perkyn
Warbek beyond the sea.'

The discovery made by Mr. R. B. Knowles in the MS. accounts
of the executors of Robert Nowell {IV BejQort Hist. MSS.
Com.), that Edmund Spenser the poet was educated at Mer-
chant Taylors' School, and the subsequent searches and en-
quiries which he made among the records of that foundation
and company, elucidated the fact that three Spensers were found
mentioned, viz. Robert Spenser, gentleman, of Lincoln's Inn,
Nicholas Spenser, and John Spenser, wlio may have been ances-
tors or relations of the poet. These facts will perhaps give
additional interest to some few deeds relating to Somersetshire,
which probably belonged to the Carte papers of the Huntingdon
family. One of them, dated 20 Nov. 1572 (15 Eliz ), is a
receipt for 2^ol. from Henry Earl of Huntingdon, for half

b 2



XX PREFACE.

a year's annuity due to John Spensor, citizen and clotheworker
of London, and Alice his wife (Lond. 20), and another is a fine
and recovery of estates in Cornwall and Somersetshire (Somers.
7 and 8). These deeds may add one more link in the chain of
probabilities of the ancestors of the poet. John Spenser could
not have been the poet's father, whose mother's name was
Elizabeth, not Alice ; but it may be that he was his uncle, or
the relative to whom he owed his nomination to Merchant
Taylors' School, and through whom he was introduced to Arthur,
Lord Grey of Wilton, a very near relation of the Huntingdon
family. Another Spencer of Claredon, Warwick, had also business
transactions with the Earl of Huntingdon. The extent and nature
of the contents of these records would indicate a higher social
position than has lately been ascribed to the parents or friends
of the poet.

The seals attached to many of the charters in the collections
here described are worthy of special attention, some of them
being, so far as is known, unique specimens of their kind. None,
for example, are known to the editors of the Monasticon of either
the priory of Wormegay or Coldnorton. The early specimens
present the usual star, fleur-de-lis, or flower diversified in as
many ways as the graver's fancy could suggest.

In making the present calendar, much assistance has been
derived from the chartularies of the priory of St. Frideswide,
and the abbey of St. Mary, Oseney, the use of which was most
kindly permitted by the Dean and the Canons of Christ Church,
Oxford.



Oxford,
August 31, 1878.



CONTENTS.

PAGE

Bedfordshire i, 644, 671

Berkshire .......... 2, 644

Priory of Wallingford ........ 4

Buckinghamshire 23, 645, 671

Abbey of Nottley 27

Priory of Ravenston ....... 28

Priory of Tickford 32

Cambridgeshire 34, 645, 672

Cheshire 45

Cornwall .......... 46

Cumberland .....,,.. 46, 672

Derbyshire 47, 670, 673

Devonshire . . . . . . . . .48, 673

Dorsetshire . 49, 673

Durham 50, 646

Essex 50, 646, 673

Priory of St. Lawrence, Blackmore . . . . 6i

Abbey of Colchester 62

Priory of SS. Peter and Paul, of Horkesley . . . 69

Priory of St. Mary Magdalen, Stanesgate . . . 75

Priory of St. Mary and St. Leonard at Thoby . . 77

Priory of St. Mary and St, Nicholas of Tiptree . . 77

Gloucestershire . . . .... . .80, 646, 674

Hampshire ... ..... . .83, 646, 674

Herefordshire . . . . . . . , 86, 647, 675

Hertfordshire 88, 647, 676

Huntingdonshire . . . . . . . -935677

Kent ......... 93, 647, 670, 678

Priory of Tunbridge . . . , . , 110,647

Lancashire ......... 141, 678

Leicestershire 142, 648, 678



xxii CONTENTS.

Lincolnshire 146, 648, 679

Middlesex . . 148, 648, 682



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