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ber, he was murdered. He was a man of su-
perior business qualifications and a strong
member of the old Whig party. He married
Elizabeth Wiggins, a daughter of Asa Wig-
gins, of St. Albans, and with her reared five
children. These were: Benjamin, the subject
of this sketch; Augusta Scott, deceased; I.e
Baron H., of Fort Wrangel, Alaska; Mel-
ville, of Macwahoc plantation, Aroostook
County, Me. ; and Mary Ann. Both parents
attended the Congregational church.

At the age of fourteen Benjamin Johnson
ceased to attend the public schools, and on
account of the death of his father assumed the
responsibility of providing for the family, In-
being the eldest child. He went to work at
lumbering, being principally employed on the
river, and remaining in a subordinate position
until he had become familiar with that branch
of industry. In 1848 he embarked in enter-
prises on his own account, buying large tracts
of standing timber, and converting it into
lumber in mills hired for the purpose. He
formed a partnership with Mr. Palmer, becom-
ing junior member of the firm thus estab-
lished; and for many years Palmer & Johnson
cut from twenty to thirty million feet of lum-
ber annually, employing sometimes more than
three hundred men. On the ist of May,
1879, ne came to Quincy, and bought the
lumber-yard of a man who had been one of his
best customers in the preceding seven years.
Here he has since carried on a very prosper-
ous business, handling between four and five
million feet of lumber each year. On his
wharf is a finish-mill, from which all kinds of
dressed lumber are sold to both the wholesale
and retail trade.

Mr. Johnson married Maria, daughter of
Samuel J. Foster, of Weston, Aroostook
County, Me. The latter was born in Tops-
ham, Me., April 21, 1809, and there grew to
manhood. Following the lumber business on
a large scale, he kept sixty oxen at work in
the woods during the winter season, and had
four or five six-horse teams constantly em-
ployed. He was also an extensive stock-raiser,



having the largest farm of the kind in Maine,
and keeping from eighty to one hundred horses
and colts. In politics he was a prominent
Whig, and, having served on Governor Kent's
staff, was afterward known by all as Colonel
Foster. He married Julia A. Brown, daugh-
ter of Benjamin Brown, of Vassalboro, Me.,
who at one time was the president of a bank
in Hallowell, and was considered the richest
man in the State. He was descended from
one of two brothers, Philip and William Mc-
Clellan, who came from Scotland to Portland,
Me., at an early day. The entire history of
this family is preserved in "Good Old Times,''
written by Elijah Kellogg.

Of Mr. Johnson's three children two arc liv-
ing. These are: Lillian M., the wife of
Frank K. Damon, of Ouincy; and Benjamin
Johnson, Jr. The latter was elected by the
Republican party to the City Council in 1896,
and is serving on the Finance and Legis-
lation Committees. He is engaged in the
lumber business with his father, with which
he has been familiar from his youth. An es-
teemed Odd Fellow, he belongs to Mount
Wollaston Lodge of Ouincy and to Manet
Encampment. He is also a member of
Hodenesonee Tribe, Improved Order of Red
Men, of Wollaston; of the Granite City Club;
of the Quincy Yacht Club, to which his father
likewise belongs; and to the Boston Lodge of
the Concatenated Order of Hoo Hoo, a social
organization of lumber dealers. He married
Sarah T. Burke, of this city, and has four
children — Marian E., Sarah, Edith, and Ben-
jamin (third). Mr. Johnson, Sr., belongs to
St. Andrew's Lodge,' F. & A. M., of Ban-
gor, Me.

UGENE SNELL, the president of the
Holbrook Co-operative Bank of Hol-
brook, Mass., was born in this town,
February 7, 1847, son of Alvin and Annie B.
(Holbrook) Snell. His paternal grandfather,
who came from Ireland, and settled in what is
now Brockton, had two sons. Of these,
Alvin, born in Brockton in 1805, settled in
1832 where his son Eugene now resides, and
engaged in agricultural pursuits. He also did
considerable shoemaking, which was the prin-

cipal industry of the vicinity at that time.
His wife, Annie B., was born in East Ran-
dolph, now Holbrook.

Eugene Snell grew up in this town, and his
early education was received in the common
schools. When only fourteen years of age he
became a regular employee in the shoe factory
of A. C. Chandler, for whom he worked dur-
ing the next four years. He was subsequently
employed in different manufacturing concerns
and finally in the well-known establishment
of Thomas White & Co. After working for
four years in Mr. White's shop, he became
foreman and superintendent. He had held
that position for twenty years when he re-
signed in January, 1894. For five years Mr.
Snell was vice-president of the Co-operative
Bank. In 1894 he was elected president,
which office he holds at the present time.
Mr. Snell's position is one of great responsi-
bility; and his election to it was a tribute, not
only to his ability as a financier and an ad-
ministrative officer, but to the integrity of
his personal character. As vice-president he
showed in an unusual degree his financial and
executive ability, and it was a natural conse-
quence that he should be chosen president.

Mr. Snell married Olive A. Poor, of Bos-
ton, Mass. She has been the mother of three
children — Hattie A., Elmer A., and Annie
L. Hattie is a teacher in one of the public
schools of Arlington. Mr. Snell and his fam-
ily attend the Congregational church at Hol-
brook, and they are active in the social and
benevolent work of the society. In politics
Mr. Snell is a Republican. Public-spirited
to a high degree, he is devoted to the inter-
ests of his native town. He is a member of
the Masonic bodies at Brockton. A well-
informed man, Mr. Snell has clear and defi-
nite views regarding questions of social and
political importance.

penter and builder of Foxboro, was
born July 21, 1S17, in Burrillville,
R.I., which was likewise the birth-
place of his father, Asa Bowdish. The fam-
ily in Rhode Island originated with an ances-
tor who located in Gloucester, Providence

7 2


County. Here David Bowdish, the grand-
father of Sanford I'., was born and bred.
David afterward removed to Burrillville, set-
tling in the midst of a dense forest, from
which he reclaimed a farm. At first he lived
in a log cabin erected by his own hands; bul
before many years he had a substantial frame
hdiis.-, in which he spent his declining days,
passing away at the age of eighty years. He
married Lois Pierce, and of their children
Asa was the only son.

Asa Bowdish inherited the parental home-
stead, and managed it for several years. Sub-
sequently he sold the property, that he might
give his exclusive attention to his trade of a
cooper. This occupation he followed in
Wrentham, Norfolk County, for a time. Then
he removed to Uxbridge, where he bought
land, and carried on mixed husbandry in con-
nection with coopering until his demise, in
the seventy-fifth year of his age. His wife,
Patience, who was a daughter of Timothy
Perry, had seven children, as follows: San-
ford P., the subject of this biography; Lois,
who died some time ago; Crawford, of North-
bridge; Rachel, a resident of West Town-
send, Mass.; Caroline, of Foxboro; Mary,
who lives with her eldest brother; and Asa
W., also of this town. Having enlisted in
1862, Asa W. served for nine months in the
Civil War, participating with Company K,
Forty-fourth Massachusetts Volunteer Infan-
try, in the engagements at Goldsboro and
White Hall, N. C. At the expiration of his
term he was mustered out of the service at
Readville, Mass., and is now a comrade of the
G. A. R. post at Canton.

Having acquired his education in the dis-
trict schools of Burrillville, R.I., Sanford P.
Bowdish worked for the neighboring farmers
by the month. After the removal of the fam-
ily to Uxbridge he learned the carpenter's
trade, becoming one of the most skilful work-
men in the vicinity. This craft has been his
regular occupation since 1844. At one time
he was Surveyor of Wood and Lumber in Ux-
bridge. In 1886 Mr. Bowdish purchased the
James Daniels estate in Foxboro. Here he
has since lived somewhat retired from active
occupation. In i860 he was unfortunate
enough to lose the sight of his left eye. Well

preserved in body and mind, he looks young
in spite of his years, and is regarded as a man
of sterling integrity.

Mr. Bowdish was married to Miss Mary A.
Smith, a daughter of Chauncev Smith, of
Macedon, N.Y. She died in 1882, leaving
no children. Mr. Bowdish has been an Odd
Fellow since he joined the lodge of Uxbridge
in 1847. He cast his first Presidential vote
in 1840 for Martin Van Buren, and since the
formation of the Republican party has been
one of its stanchest supporters. Both he and
his brother Asa are living witnesses of the
strange outbreak in Rhode Island known as
"Dorr's Rebellion."

KEMUEL W. STANDISH, the editor
(jf the Stoughton Sentinel, was born
^ in North Easton, Mass., December
13, 1858, son of David B. and
Hannah G. (Ellis) Standish. His grand-
father, Lemuel Standish, who was a ship-
builder of Bath, Me., was accidentally killed
when about sixty years old.

David B. Standish, born in Bath, was a
resident of Stoughton during the last fifteen
years of his life. He was an engineer on the
Boston & Providence Railroad; and in this
capacity he had travelled constantly between
the two cities for thirty-seven years, when he
retired on a pension in 1880. At his death,
which occurred in 1880, he was the oldest en-
gineer in point of service on the road or in
the country. By his wife, Hannah, who is a
native of Dedham, Mass., and is now living
in Stoughton with a daughter, he became the
father of seven children. These were: Al-
bert E., now an engineer on the N.Y., N. H.
& H. Railroad; Henry A., now a conductor
on the same road; David H., who is a whole-
sale dry -goods dealer in New York City;
George E., in the dry-goods business in Bos-
ton; Lemuel W., the subject of this sketch:
Ella L., who resides with her mother in
Stoughton; and Elmer W., deceased. Albert
married Miss Rebecca Capen, of Stoughton,
and has four children — Miles, Ellis, Lucy,
and Ethel; Henry married Miss Nellie Kins-
ley, of Stoughton, and has one child, Edward



K. ; David married Miss Anna Ellis, of
Stoughton ; George married Miss Jennie
Graves, of Lynn, Mass., and has one child,

Lemuel W. Standish graduated from the
Stoughton High School in 1876. On leaving
school he learned the printing business, serv-
ing an apprenticeship in Wakefield, Mas^.,
and working for four years in Boston. Then,
returning to Stoughton, he went to work in
the Sentinel office. In 1883 he bought the
paper, which since that time has been under
his management. The Sentinel, which was
established in 1861 by William A. and W. H.
Wood, of Stoughton, under Mr. Standish's
management has been a bright, progressive,
and newsy weekly. In the well-equipped
office all kinds of job printing are also thine.

Mr. Standish was married in 1885 to Nettie
A. Briggs, of Stoughton, and has four chil-
dren — Rose, Karl. Clement, and Walker.
An active Republican, he has been a member
of the Republican Town Committee as secre-
tary for the past ten years, is now serving his
second term on the Republican State Commit-
tee, and is a member of that body's Executive
Committee. He was the party candidate for
Representative in the General Court in 1891,
when he carried his own town in the face of
an adverse party vote, and came within eighty
votes of being elected in a district which
gave four hundred Democratic majority. A
Mason in good standing, he is Senior Warden
of Rising Star Lodge; and he belongs to La-
fayette Commandery, U. O. G. C. He is a
member of the Stoughton Musical Society,
and he has sung in the Congregational church
choir for ten years. Mr. Standish is one of
the leading young men of Stoughton, and has
many friends.

Chief of Police in Ouincy, was born
here in December, 1841, son of George
W. Hayden. The father, born in
Braintree, Mass., in 1813, grew to man's es-
tate in his native town, and learned the trade
of shoemaker. After his marriage he re-
moved to Ouincy, where he followed his trade
until his death in 1865, while yet in the

prime of life. His wife, in maidenhood Eliza
M. Whiting, who was a native of this town,
bore him four children. These were: George
L. , who died November 29, 1896; Joseph
Warren, the subject of this sketch; Albert
A- and William A., both of Braintree, this
county. Both parents were members of the
Congregational Church of Quincy.

Joseph Warren Hayden was educated in the
common schools of Ouincy. When old
enough to select an occupation, he chose that
of stone-cutter, and thereupon began learning
the trade. While the late Civil War was in
progress, he ran away from his employer to
enlist in the service of the Union. Joining
Company M, Urst Massachusetts Heavy Ar-
tillery, he was sent to Washington, D.C.,
where he remained on guard for two years.
He was then sent with his regiment to the
Army of the Potomac, and on June 22, 1864,
was taken prisoner in front of Petersburg.
He was held by the Confederates for more
than six months, during which time he was an
unwilling visitor at Libby Prison, Belle Isle,
Salisbury, Andersonville, Savannah, Flor-
ence, Mellen, Charleston, and St. John's Col-
lege Hospital. He was discharged from the
hospital, July 2, 1865, a mere anatomy, hav-
ing been reduced in weight while in Southern
prisons from one hundred and ninety nine
pounds to ninety -six pounds. After his re-
turn home, when his health permitted, Mr.
Hayden resumed his trade, and followed it for
a number of years. He was then appointed
Inspector by the Board of Health, a position
which he held for six or seven years. Then
he became a permanent patrolman on the po-
lice force. Two years later, in 1893, he was
appointed Chief of Police, a capacity in which
he has since served most satisfactorily to the
city and with credit to himself.

For several years Chief Hayden was cap-
tain of the old "Tiger Fire Company," and he
was engineer of the fire department for five
years. He is a member of Mount Wollaston
Lodge, I. O. O. F.; of Delphi Lodge, K. of
P., of Weymouth: of Philedian Senate,
K. A. E. O. ; and of Paul Revere Post,
G. A. R. In November, 1866, he married
Miss Lavina H. Thayer, a daughter of John
H. Thayer, of Braintree, Mass.



§OSLl'li DYER, a leading business man
of South Weymouth, president of the
South Weymouth Savings Bank, and
formerly a member of the Massachu-
setts legislature, was born in this town, No-
vember g, 1830, son of Joseph and Betsey
(White) Dyer. His parents were both na-
tives oi Weymouth; and his grandfather, John
Dyer, was in his day one of its wealthy and
prominent citizens. The family has long
been a reputable one in this locality.

foseph Dyer grew to manhood in his native
town, and acquired a common-school educa-
tion. At the age of twenty-one he engaged
in stamping and. gilding boots, a business
which he followed successfully for fifteen
years. In [ 866 he established himself in the
grocery business in Independence Square,
where he has since continued to maintain a
large patronage. He was one of the organ-
izers of the .Smith Weymouth Savings Bank,
of which he is now president and a trustee;
and he is a director of the First National
Bank, of which also he was an incorporator.
He is a member of the Weymouth Grocers'
Association, and as a live business man is ac-
tively interested in the prosperity of the town.
In politics a Republican, he was elected to
the legislature in 1873; and for a number of
years he served the town as Auditor.

.Mr. Dyer has been twice married. The
maiden name of his first wife was Caroline
Blackinton. His present wife, who was in
maidenhood Florence Deane, is a native of
South Weymouth. Mr. Dyer is widely and
favorably known among the business men of
this section, and possesses the esteem and con-
fidence of his fellow-townsmen.

LIVER CAPEN, born in Dedham,
October 14, 1804, son of Nathaniel
and Submit (Bullard) Capen, was
prominent in business circles, both in
Dedham and Boston, and is well remembered
by the older residents of Dedham. His first
American ancestor, who came from England,
was an early settler in Dorchester, Mass.
.Nathaniel Capen, born in Sharon, Mass.,
spent his last years in Dedham. His first
marriage was contracted with Submit Bullard,

the mother of Oliver Capen. For his second
wife he married Olive, a sister of his first

Oliver Capen at first engaged in farming.
Shortly after he embarked in a mercantile
business here in Dedham. When the Read-
ville branch railroad was extended to Dedham,
he took the road on a lease, and was for some
time its sole manager. He subsequently
went into the wood and coal business at Pack-
ard's Wharf, Boston, afterward adding the
sale of brick, lime, and cement. For several
years after his marriage he occupied his
father's old homestead on Westfield Street,
Dedham. Later he removed to the Whiting
homestead on High Street, where he after-
ward lived.

Mr. Capen married Sarah Ann Whiting,
who was born in Dedham, daughter of Calvin
and Elizabeth (Fuller) Whiting. Her
grandfather, Isaac Whiting, was a farmer and
large land-owner here, and influential in town
affairs. Calvin Whiting, who was a man of
much inventive genius, was engaged in the
cotton manufacturing business for a time, but
was better known as a manufacturer of tin-
ware. His inventive ability served him well
in both these lines, for use in which he
invented and improved numerous pieces of
machinery. Soon after his marriage he built
the house now occupied by his grandchildren,
the son and daughter of Oliver and Sarah Ann
Capen, and where his last days were spent.
Mrs. Whiting was born in Dedham, daughter
of Hezekiah and Anna (Draper) Fuller. Mr.
Capen died October 23, 1865, and his wife
on March 27, 1888. A son and daughter
survive them — ■ Calvin Whiting Capen and
Elizabeth Fuller Capen. The son, who was
in business for some years, of late has lived
retired, only looking after his private* inter-
ests. The daughter received a high-school
education. Since the death of her mother she
has resided with her brother.

ENRY WHITE, turnkey at the Nor-
folk County jail and house of cor-
rection, located in Dedham, Mass.,
has held this position since 1859,
making a service, with the exception of a brief




term of absence in war time, of nearly four
decades. He was born April 20, 1824, in the
neighboring town of Weymouth, where his
great-grandfather White had settled early in
life, and where his father, George W. White,
and his grandfather, whose name was Jona-
than, were both born and reared. Jonathan
White was engaged in agricultural pursuits in
Weymouth, and also worked at the shoe-
maker's trade more or less during his long
life of eighty years.

George W. White was a noted musician in
his day, and for some years in addition to his
other labors he kept a livery stable in Wey-
mouth. He was progressive in his views,
highly respected for his intelligence and in-
tegrity. His wife, whose maiden name was
Betsey Burrell, was a native of Weymouth,
being one of a large family of children born
to Mr. and Mrs. Samuel Burrell. Her
father, who lived to the age of fourscore years,
was a shoemaker and farmer throughout his
active life. Mrs. Betsey B. White bore her
husband twelve children, all of whom grew to
mature years, the following being yet alive,
namely: Elizabeth, a teacher in San Fran-
cisco, Cal. ; George W. , Deputy Sheriff of
Norfolk County; William; Henry, the spe-
cial subject of this brief biographical record;
Francis E. ; and Melvina, who married
Francis Bush. The mother, who was con-
nected with the Orthodox church, died at the
age of seventy-three years.

Henry White grew to man's estate on the
home farm, attending the district schools in
his boyhood and youth, and learning the shoe-
maker's trade from his father. On attaining
his majority, he embarked in business for him-
self, engaging in the manufacture of shoes at
Weymouth Landing, where he continued until
his appointment to his present office in 1859.
In this position Mr. White has served most
faithfully and satisfactorily, discharging his
official duties in a manner worthy of the
highest commendation, and has the entire con-
fidence and respect of those above and below
him. The number of prisoners under his
charge averages about ninety, although it has
at times been as high as one hundred and
fifty, but not often. In 1862 Mr. White,
shortly after the hanging of Hersey at the

jail, left his position in order to serve in de-
fence of his country, enlisting from Wey-
mouth in Company A, Forty-second Massa-
chusetts Volunteer Infantry, in which he
served nine months, being with General
Banks's expedition at various points along
the coast. At the expiration of his term of
enlistment he returned to Dedham, ami re-
sumed his duties as turnkey.

Mr. White was married in May, 1849, :o
Miss Mary Wales, who was born in Weymouth,
a daughter of Asa B. Wales, for forty years a
well-known and popular tavern-keeper of that
town. Mr. and Mrs. White reared one child,
a son, Frank W., who is in the insurance
business in Boston. He married Delia Star-
rett, and has two children — Winnifred and
Starrett. Mrs. White passed to the life be-
yond in May, 1893, aged sixty-two years.
She was a woman of great strength and purity
of character, highly esteemed by all who knew
her, and a regular attendant of the Universal-
ist church, as is Mr. White. He is a stead-
fast Republican in his political affiliations,
and, fraternally, belongs to Constellation
Lodge, F. & A. M., which he joined soon
after its organization.

manufacturer of Avon, is a native of
Randolph, born October 24, 1848.
lie is a son of Aaron and Emily
(Wales) Littlefield. The father is a native of
the Pine Tree State; and the mother was born
in Randolph, Mass. They had a family of
fourteen children, of whom Loring G. was
the seventh child. He acquired his primary
education in the public schools of East
Stoughton, to which place his parents moved
when he was three years old. Subsequently
he attended school for one term in Middle-
boro, Mass. When about fourteen years of
age he went to work in the boot manufactory
of E. Tucker & Co. in East Stoughton (now
Avon), where for a short time he was em-
ployed in the stitching department. After-
ward for a number of years he worked in the
stitching department of E. W. S: G. W.
Littlefield's factory. Entering into partner-
ship with E. W. and G. F. Littlefield in


1872, he was engaged in the manufacture of
boots and shoes at East Stoughton, under the
firm name of E. W. Littlefield & Co., for
four years. Then for six years Mr. Little-
field was in the livery business in East
Stoughton, and bought and sold all kinds of
live stock. During the ensuing five years he
was associated with G. F. Littlefield in the
manufacture of boots and shoes in East
Stoughton and Brockton, the firm being G. F.
& !..(.. Littlefield. Since 1888 he has man-
aged an independent business, manufacturing
a medium grade of men's, boys', and youth's
shoes. He has erected a large plant, and
when business is good employs about one hun-
dred and eighty hands.

In 1882 he was married to Miss Celia
Lynch, of East Stoughton, and has a promis-
ing family of Wvc children — Loring, George
H., Frank W., Annie G., and Celia V. Mr.
Littlefield, who is a Republican, served for
three years as Selectman of Avon. He is ac-
tively interested in local politics.

Representative to the General Court
from Weymouth, and the president of
the East Weymouth Savings Bank,
was born in Weymouth, June 28, 1820, son of
Lovell and Rebecca (Dyer) Bicknell, who
were also natives of Weymouth. The family
is an old and honored one in the town. Its
first representative came here about the year
1635. Mr. Bicknell's maternal grandfather,
Asa Dyer, was a soldier of the Revolution.
His paternal grandfather was Zechariah.

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