Boston (Mass.). Record Commissioners.

Second report of the record commissioners of the city of Boston : containing the Boston records, 1634-1660, and the book of possessions online

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circulating library. Opposite the northerly end of this estate,
where it abutted on the dock, on land reclaimed from the tide,
Peter Faneuil built, in 1742, the famous hall. [Pierce had house
and garden, with D. Sellick east, I. Grosse and the highway north,
W. Davies, Jr., and the street south, E. Bendall, V. Hill, and W.
Davies west. — AV. H. AV.]

G. 90. David Sellick. [House and garden, with the street
south, AY. Pierce Avest, V. Hill north, J. Oliver east. Sufl". deeds,
i., f. 100, 27th, 12 mo., 1648. A^ Hill sells to D. Sellick his house
that H. bought of Mr. Aspinwall, with the barber's shop and all
pertaining, except what H. had sold to John Friend. At the same
time Hill sold to Mary Frieud a quarter of an acre with the street
south, D. Sellick west, E. Tyng cast, V. Hill north, with a right
of way to the water. This lot does not seem to be in the Book,
unless, as AVinsor sa3's, it was James Oliver's — the next lot, G. 91.
— AV.H.AY.]

G. 91. James OUver. [House and yard, with the street south,
V. Hill north, D. Sellick west, E. Tyng^ast. — AV.H.AV.]

G. 92. Edward Tyng, house, brewhouse, warehouse, with wharf
in front, which he sold, in 1651, to James Everill, describing it as
" my wharf against the end of the great street," and along which
on the south went the " town's way down upon the flats," — which
corresponds to the present State street below Merchants' Row ; and
this street was then designated as '' Mr. Hill's highway twenty feet
broad," which followed the shore of the Cove to the present Dock
square. Somewhere on the water front of T3'ng's estate there
were wharves occupied by Thomas A^enuer," and another that
Henry Webb was allowed "to enjoy " in 1647, having bought it of
Tyng. In the next century the rich Huguenot merchant, Andrew
Faneuil, had his warehouse where Tyng's wharf stood, the present
lower corner of Merchants' Row. This was in 1732 ; and later, in
1743, Richard Smith kept here the Admiral A'ernon Tavern. In
1750 there seems to have been a change, for in the State Archives
there is a petition from Smith to be licensed to keep the Crown
Coffee House " at the lower end of King street," which had been
a licensed house for nearly forty 3'ears. At the same date James
Gooch, Jr., took possession of the "A^ernon's Head," as his peti-
tion calls it. Smith's predecessor in the "Crown" was widow

• [He is styled a wine-cooper, and was later of Salem. Returning to England, he
became a Fitih Monarchy preacher, and engaged in an insurrection ; was executed in



Anna Swords, and the estate was then owned by Governor Belcher.
Robert Shclcock kept it in 1751. It stood at the lower corner of
Chatham Row, projecting into the street. It was the first honse
on Long Wharf, which, after the flats had been filled in below
Merchants' Row, was projected by Oliver Noyes and others in 1707.
Noyes was a selectman and a citizen of prominence ; and the town,
within a year or two, adopted his plan to build a pier to low-water
mark. — {See Proceedings Mass. Hist. Soc. for Sept., 18G-i.)

106 City Document No. 4G. — Part 2.

Near the ' ' Crown " were the counting-house and warehouse of
a noted mercantile lirm of the earl^' part of the last century, —
Samuel and Cornelius Waldo, — later on Merchants' Eow, near
the .^wing Bridge. (See a note on the family in N. E. Hist, and
Genal. Jin/., April, ISGi, p. 17G.)

[Mr. Lamb assigns a lot here between G. 91 and G. 92 to Henry
Webb ; probably the one which Winsor notes above. — W.II.W.]

G. 93. Valentine Hill; sold, in 1G45, to Samuel Cole, who had
before this kept a house of entertainment somewhere along the
water front in this vicinity. Cole's will, IGGG, is given in JSf. E.
Hist, and (Jeneal.lieg., July, I80I, p. 249. This is, too, the nearest
point on the original shore to the spot where, in the provincial
times, on land reclaimed from the dock, and near the head of the
present South ^Market street, .John Hancock Ivept store, and by ad-
vertisement called upon debtors to the estate of his late uncle, the
Hon. Thomas Hancock, to make pa3-ment.

G. 94. Isaac Grosse. [House, with W. Pierce south and east,
E. Bendall west, the Cove north. This lot is a[)pareutl3' laid out
on Lamb's map, with no name affixed. — W.H.W.]

G. 95. Edward Bendall, stone house, with warehouse adjoining.
Bendall had been allowed, in IGoT, to establish from this point a
ferry to Noddle's Island, and to the ships riding before the town.
His lot was just west of 'Change avenue.

G. 96. George Foxcroft. [House lot, with the Cove north,
E. Bendall east and south, R. Nash north (an evident blunder for
west).— AV.H.W.]

G. 97. Robert Nash, butcher, house, garden and outhouses, in-
cluding his slaughter-house, which occasioned the town's men more or
less trouble from the careless disposition Nash made of his garbage.
He was warned not to kill beasts in the street in 1G47. [His lot
says, " bounded north and west — ." I suspect this should be the
Cove, as Bendall has the Cove north and east. This would indi-
cate a point of land with the Cove curving, especially as Franklin
does not bound on Nash, but on a street. — W.H.W.]

G. 98. William Franklin. [House and garden, with the street
east and north, J. Wilson west, and J. Leverett and A. Stoddard
south. — W.H.W.]

G. 99. Major Edward Gibbons, house, garden, and " housings,"
including two shops, one occupied by .John Newgate, hatter, and the
otlier by Thomas Savage, the tailor, better known from bis milit;iry
honors. [Gibbons has the street west and north ; Rev. John
Wilson south and east. — W.H.W.]

G. 100. William Corser, house, which seems to be the lot after-
wards occupied by WiUiam Tilley, whose wife Alice, under power
from her husband, convej'ed it, in 1G49, to Anthony Stoddard.
[This lot is not in the Book, but is given in the bounds of Rev.
John Wilson's lot, G. 85, as "Major Gibones, W". Courser and
John Cogan on the west." — W. H. W.]

Appendix. 107


G. /. Valentine Hill's bridoo, about where the present Liberty
square is, on the line of Kilby street. There were others round
this shore in 1G49, when Hutchinson, Gillom, Ward, and Compton,
and also Jonathan Balston, Thomas Smyth, Stephen Baker, and
Richard Richardson, were allowed to make a highway over the
marsh " to Mr. Hill's bridge."

G. g. The present bend on Batterymarch street, which was laid
out in 1G73. On the maish to the north-west, on the corner of
what is now Batterymarch street and Liberty square, st^od a well-
known ordinary. The marsh had been let by the town in IGoG to
Captain James Johnson, and this site Avas conveyed by him to
Thomas Hull; and in 1G73 Nathaniel Bishop lived here, and the
house was known as "The Blue Bell," and as early as 1G74
was jointl}' tenanted b}- Deacon Henry Alline and Hugh Drury.
In 1G92 it is called "The Castle Tavern," and Mr. PLassam thinks
{N. E. Hist, and Geneal. Ivty., 1877, p. 320) it ceased to be an
inn after 1707.

G. lOi. Nathaniel Woodward. [House and garden, with B.
Ward and E. Hutchinson east, the marsh north and west. —

G. 102. Edward Hutchinson. [House and yard, with B.
Ward east and south, N. Woodward west, the marsh north. —

G. 103. Benjamin Ward. [House and about an acre, with N.
Woodward, Jr., west, B. Gillom east, IMr. Hibbins south, E.
Hutchinson and the marsh north. — W^.H.W.]

G. 104. Benjamin Gillom. [House and garden, with B. Ward
west, W\ Hibbins south, J. Compton and the Cove east, the marsh
north. — W.H.W.]

G. 105. John Compton. House and garden, with the Cove
east, B. Gillom west and north, the Fort Hill south. — W.H.W.]

G. 106. The Fort. In 1G44 land of Mr. William Hibbins was
taken for the " breast-worke upon the Fort Hill" ; and also, same
j-ear, land of James Penn.

G. 107. William Hibbins. [Apparently part of his lot described
in the Book (see plan G. 75, mde), as follows : House, garden, and
stable, with J. \Vinthrop west, the Springate north, J. Spoore
east, and R. Sherman and some part of Fort street south. As the
marsh and bridge were hereabouts, it is clear that Hibbins
owned some land east of them, probablv all in one continuous
tract. See G. 103, and G. 104. — W.H.W.J

Map H, or No,


MAP H, OR NO. 8.


H.I. James Johnson, glover, n[»lancl and marsh; sold to
Thomas Hawkins, baker and innholder, in 1GG2. In 1G71-72 this
lot and John Davies',by assignments and foreclosnre of mortgnges,
came into the possession of Sampson Sheaffc, and from him the
estate passed to William Stoughton, the Governor, v^ho, though a
Dorchester man, possessed when he died, in 1701, a large property
in real estate hereabout, including the Bhie Ball estate.

This List, as well as other pi'opeity, fell to Stoughton's niece
Mehitabel, wife of Captain Thomas Cooper, and when the Cap-
tain died, in 1705, this lot was valued at £G50. His widow
afterwards married Peter Sergeant, and again, in 1714:, Simeon
Stoddard; and as Mrs. Stoddard she died in 1738, and her
son by her first husband. Rev. William Cooper, of the Brattle-
square Church, sold the lot in 1743 to Dr. William Douglass, a
ph3'sician and author, who had come from Scotland in 171G, and
wrote a Snmmar}' of New England History- ; and when Douglass
died, in 1754, mention is made of his mansion-house in Green
Dragon lane, which was a passage in the direction of the present
Union street, and upon which his house abutted. Douglass was
a good deal exercised over the taxes he was called upon to pay ;
and Drake, Boston^ p. 023, sets forth his querulous communication
to the assessors. (See also N. E. Hist, and Geneal. Ecg., 1877,
p. 118.) Ten 3-ears later, Catharine Kerr, the sister of Douglass,
conveyed it to the St. Andrew's Lodge of Freemasons, and after-
wards it became celebrated as the Green Dragon Tavern. Shurtleff
considers that it was in the yard in the rear, which bordered upon
the mill-pond, that Franklin, as a boy, built the wharf which he
describes in his Autobiography. The house had probably been
built in Stoughton's day, and it was kept as an inn by Alexander
Smith, who died in it in 1G9G. To him succeeded Hannah Bishop,
and in 1G97 John Gary took it, and in a petition in 1705 he speaks
of having kept it several j'cars. In 1734 Joseph Kidder was the
landlord. It acquired the widest reputation after the Revolutionary
troubles began, when the " Green Dragon" became the rall_>ing-
place of the patriots. (Shurtleff, Description of Boston, p. G13.)
Opposite the '■'•Green Dragon," John Borland owned property,
which in 1714 he conveyed to Daniel Johonnot, where the latter
seems to have had his Distil-IIouse. (N. E. Hist, and Geneal.
Reg., Oct., 1852, p. 357.)

110 City Doctoient No. 46. — Part 2.

[This lot is No. 4 of Jolmson's possessions, being three quarters
of an acre of upland and marsh, with the Cove north and east,
John Smith west, and John Davies south. — W.H.W.]

H. 2. John Smith. [House and garden, with the Cove north,
the street south, J. Davies east, E. Gibbons west. — W.H.W.]

H. 3. Major Edward Gibbons. [His lot 2, being a house and
lot, with the Cove or Mill Pond north, the street south, J. Smith
east, R. Nash west. — W.H.W.]

H. 4. Robert Nash. [His lot No. 2, being an aci'e with a
house-lot, with the Cove north, the street south, the lane west, E.
Gibbons, east. — W.H.W.]


H. 5. Henry Pease. [House and garden, with the Cove north,
the street south, the lane east, J. Leverett west. The street is
now Hanover street, and the lane is Portland street. — W.H.W.]

H. 6. John Leverett and Henry Pease had lots here. The
highway adjoining, the present Portland street, seems to be the
twenty-five-foot passage that Henry Pease agreed to " fence out
through his lands against the Cove, near his dwelhng, unto the
cross high way by our brother James P^verill's," 1(339-40. It was
on this lot, where now stands the American House, that Joseph
Warren, in 17G4, took up his abode, and began the practice of medi-
cine. He lived then in a house in which Joseph Green, a prominent
merchant of his day, — not to be confounded with Joseph Green
the wit, —died, July 1, 17G5. Green had bought of Governor
Belcher, in 1734, the large house on this lot for ^£3, GOO. {N. E.
Hist, and Genecd. Jieg., vi., 275.)

[It will be noted that the next four lots, all facing on Sudbury
street, bound east on Leverett, who must have owned from Hanover
street to the water line, though his lot is not on record. —

H. 7. Nathaniel Chappel. [House and gaixlen of about quar-
ter of an acre, with the cove north, J. Cole south, the lane west,
John Leverett east. — AV.H.W.]

H. 8. John Cole. House and garden, with N. Chappel north,
J. Mellows south, the lane west, J. Leverett east. — W.H.W.]

H. g. John Mellow's. [House and garden, with J. Cole north,
E. Jackson south, the street west, and J. Leveritt east. See
my note in Sewall's Diary, II., 210, about Mellows and Coney.
— W.II.W.]

H. 10. Edmund Jackson. [House and garden, with J. Mel-
lows north, the lane south, J. Leveritt east, and Sudbury street
west. — W.II.W.]

It was on this corner that the Orange-Tree Inn stood during the
provincial period. While it was kept, in 1712, by Jonathan U ard-
well, he set up here the earliest hackney coach stand. Drake says
that Mrs. Wardwell kept it in 1724.

Appendix 111


H. II. Jeremy Houtchiu. [One house and garden of about a
quarter of an acre, with Sudbury street south-west, W. \yilson
south-east, the lane north-west, T. Makepeace and W. Wilson
north-east. Sold, in 1G4G, to Roger Fletcher, late of Loudon. —


H. 12. Edward Bendall. This had Sudbur^^ [Court] street
east, and took in Tremont Row and the centre of ScoUay square.
Governor Endicott seems to have dwelt during the close of his
life on a part of this lot, leaving when he died, in IGGj, a
widow, Elizabeth, whom he had married in 1G30. Endicott's
Willis in N. E. Hist, and Geneal. Reg., April, 18G1, p. 127.
David Yale, a brother of Thomas, the founder of Yale College,
had, in lG4r), purchased of Bendall, who, holding theological views
at variance with those of the magistrates, found it convenient to
remove, leaving Thomas Lake and Thomas Clark power of attor-
ney to sell the estate. Captain John Wall became the purchaser,
and his widow sold it, in 1G78, to Edward Shippen {Seicall l\qwrs,
i. GO), who sold, in 1702, a part to Cyprian iSouthack, who laid
out Southack's lane in 1720 (Howard street). The selectmen, -in
1733, directed him to secure his hill, b}- rails or otherwise, that
people ma}^ not be in danger. " Gleaner " places " Valley Acre "
in the lower portion of Southack's pasture, referring to a deed of
1758, when it was the property of John Tyng. Where it came
out on Tremont Row, Southack sold to John Jekyll, in 1724,
whose heirs passed it, in 17G8, to Dr. James Lloyd. It was on a
part of the original Bendall lot, opposite the head of the modern
Cornhill, that,"in 1683-84, the free writing-school was built, the
second in the town ; John Cole being the first master. Soon after
1700 Richard Henchman was the master. (See Drake's Boston, ol2.)

H. 13. Rev. John Cotton, house and land, extending back as
far as the Mount Vernon Church. ^ (See Cotton's will in N. E. Hist,
and Geneal. lleg., April, 1851, p. 240.) The estate passed to his
widow, Sarah (subsequently married to Rev. Richard Mather of
Dorchester), and to Cotton's son by this wife, — the Rev. Seaborn
Cotton. Cotton's (the father's) will shows that Governor Vane iiad
built the south part of the house when he sojourned with Cotton,
and had deeded it to Seaborn, to whom the father confirmed it.
Later, it became by successive purchases the property of John
Hull, the mint-master, whose daughter Hannah married Samuel
Sewall the judge, who occupied the estate still later. AVhitmore
(Sewall Papers, i. G2, where, p. G3, the descent is traced in detail)
says it was occupied in 1758 by William Vassall, Avho purchased it
Sept. 11 of that year {N. E. Hist, and Geneal. Reg., April, 18G3,
p. 115). In 1787 he conveyed it to Leonard V. Borland, who,

112 City Docuivient No. 46. — Part 2.

in 1790, sold it to Patrick Jeffrey. Jeffrey liad come to Boston
and had married a Madame Hale}', a sister of the notorious John
Wilkes ; he was an uncle of Francis, Lord Jeffrey. (See GleaiL'-r
Articles^ Nos. 30 and ol.) In 180 L Somerset street was cut
through the estate, and Jeffrey- sold the part west of the street to
Asa Hammond, in 1804 ; and the part east to Jonathan Mason, in
1802. In 1803 Gardiner Greene bought of Mason, and in 1824 he
added the Maud lot (No. 14). Greene made the estate the most
famous in Boston. In 1835 this and neighboring estates were
sold to Patrick T. Jackson, and Pemberton square was laid out.

H. 14. Daniel Maud, school-master, house and garden. He
removed to Dover, N.H., in 1642, and made his will in 1G54.
(iV. E. Bist. and Geneal. Beg., April, 1851, p. 241.) Hezekiah
Usher nest owned it, who sold it to Thomas Scottow, in 1G45.
'* Gleaner" says it subsequently passed through Leblond, Erving,
Brimmer, Bowdoin, Waldo, AValcott, Winthrop, till Gardiner
Greene, in 1824, annexed it.

H. 15. Richard Belliugham, garden plot, but afterwards his
house-lot, when he removed from Washington street. In his will
he speaks of this house and grounds, with a shop before it. The
will was set aside, and is printed in N. E. Hist, and Geneal. Reg.,
July, 1850, p. 237. (See the notes to Mr. Deane's and J\lr. AVhit-
more's chapters in Vol. I. of the Memorial History of Boston.)
Bellingham sold the south part of tliis lot, in 1GG3. to Humphrey
Davis, whose heirs sold it, in 1710, with a stone house thereon,
for £800, to Andrew Faneuil, from whom the estate descended to
his nephew, Peter Faneuil, and later it was owned by John Vas-
sall. The north part was sold to the Rev. John Davenport, and
after tlie death of his son John, was, in 1G7G, conveyed to the
First Clnu'ch, and became the parsonage lot. The parish sold it,
in 1787, to Sampson Reed. Both of these sections of the Belling-
ham estate were united, when AVilliam Phillips successively pur-
chased them in 1791 and 1805. There was about half an acre of
Bellingham's lot back of the other sections which Sewall added to
the original Cotton estate. {Seic all Papers, i., Gl ; Gleaner Arti-
cles, No. 32.)

H. 16. Valentine Hill's ground. A portion of this area lying
on Cambridge street was, later, the Middlecott pasture {Gleaner
Articles, No. 21), through which, in, 1727, a street was laid out
and called Middlecott ; but when it was opened through to Beacon
street, in 1800, it was called Bowdoin street. [For a thorough
account of Beacon Hill, and the titles of the estates thereon, con-
sult Mr. Bowditch's " Gleaner" notes, reprinted as volume five of
the Report of the Record Commissioners. — AV.H.AV.]

H. 17. Robert Meeres, house and garden. He was aged in
1666, when he executed his will (printed in N. E. Hist, and Geneal.
Reg., Oct. 7, 1863, p. 345), and made his mark. This lot, in
1709, came to John Staniford, who sold it to Rev. Henry Harris,
whose executors sold to James Pemberton. whose family name be-
came in the end attached to Pemberton square. " Gleaner" traces
another part of the original lot to Dr. Samuel Danforth, in 1785.

H. 18. Robert Howen, ^ acre. John and Israel Howen (pre-

Appendix. 113

sumably his heirs) sold it, in 1GG2-G3, to Simon L3'ndG, who died
in 1G87 ; and his daughter iSarah was the wife of Kathaniel New-
gate, who conveyed it, in 1694, under the name of "The Spring

H. ig. Anne Hunne, widow of George Hunno, -^ acre. This
lot marks tlie site of the elegant mansion and gruuntls of the late
Theodore Lyman, who purchased it in 1785.

H. 20. Ilenry Fane. [House and garden, with Sudbur}- street
east, New Field west, the lane north, J. Newgate south. — W.II.W.]

H. 21. John Newgate, the hatter, house and gnrden, J acre.
His will, 16G4 {N. E. Hist, and GeneaL Beg., Oct., 1859, p. 3oo),
left his house to his widow, Ann. (Also see Register., 1.879, p.
57, for Newgate's family.) Westerly from this a tract belonging
to Newgate fell, after his death in 1GG5, to Simon Lynde, his son-
in-law ; and then, in 1G87, or earlier, to his son, Samuel Lynde.
About the middle of the last century it became the property of
Thomas Bulfinch, and remained in his family for fifty years. The
Eevere House marks the south end of Bulfinch's four-acre pasture,
as the Mount Vernon Church luarks the north end. {Gleaner Arti-
cles, No. 23.)

H. 22 and 23. [Next west of the lots of Fane and Newgate,
Laml;)'s map places Jeremy Hontchin No. 22, and Mr. Stougliton
No. 23 ; but 1 find no warrant for them in the Book. — W.H.W.]


H. 24. [The square lying north of our Cambridge street, from
Sudbury street to Pitts street, was owned by James Johnson,
Thomas Hawkins, William Kirkby, James Hawkins, Richard San-
ford, Robert Meers, 'I'homas Scottow, Ricliard Meers, Henry Pease,
Alexander Beck, and John Leverett. 1 cannot, however, see the
grounds for the divisions made on Lamb's map, as will be pointed
outlater. — W.H.W.]

H. 24. James Johnson. [House and garden, with the street
south-east and south-west, the Cove north-west, and Thomas Haw-
kins north-east. Evidently the corner, tind, as evidently, running
through to the water. — W.H.W.]

H. 25. Thomas Hawkins. [Apparently not entered in the
Book of Possessions. — W.H.W.]

H. 26. William Kirkby. [House and garden, with the lane
south-east, James Hawkins north, Richard Sanford west. This
lot seems to be in the curve of the street (Cambridge street), and
probably had J. Johnson on the east in part. — W.H.AV.]

H. 27. James Hawkins. [House and garden, with W. Kirkby
south, R. Sanford west. No other bounds given east or north. —

H. 28. Richard Parker. [Apparently not recorded; but it
figures as the north bound of Sanford and Robert Meers. — W.H.W.]

H. 29. Richard Sanford. [House and lot of about an acre,


City Document No. 46. — Part 2.

R. Parker north, J. Hawkins and W. Kirbj- east, the street west,
and liohert Meers west. Here are two ivest bounds, and no soutli
line. The street was probably south. — W.H.W.]

H. 30. Robert Meers. [His lot No. 3, being half an acre in
the New Field, with li. Parker north, J. Hawkins east, Tho. Scot-
tow south, Richard Meers west. Here I suspect another error, as
Ricluird Meers does not elsewhere appear. If it be Robert, i.e.,
another lot of the same owner, I should surmise that IScottow's lot
was the same as Sanford's. It seems that Thomas Scottow's will
mentions his aged mother Sanford ; hence, it is probable that
Scottow and Richard Sanford were brothers-in-law. As Scottow
is not recorded as owning any lot here, it seems more reasonable
to conclude that it was the Sanford lot which was meant. This
would bring Meers out to the lane, now Chardon street, which
would close the description as nearly as can now be done. The
following cut may represent the first apportionment. — W.H. W.j

Appendix. 115

H. 31. Henry Pease.

H. 32. Alexander Beck. [These two lots are so laid down on
Lamb's map. But Pease's lot is already located (11. 5) as on the
corner of Hanover and Portland streets. Beck's lot is thus de-
scribed : "A small parcel of land, first granted for a houselot,
bounded with John Leverett south, Henry Pease east, a small
creek west, and the Cove north." This apparently might as well
be down on Sudbury street, unless there be other reasons for giving
Pease another lot — unrecorded in the Book — in this vieinitv. —

H. 33. George Burden. [His lot No. 3, being in the New
Field five and a half acres, with the marsh east, J. Mellows west,
R. Fairbanks north, and E. Jackson south. — W.H.W.]


H. 34. David Sellick. [By the terms of E. Jackson's lot,
it would seem that David SeUick owned a lot here ; but it is not
recorded. — W.H.W.]

H. 35. Edmund Jackson. [His lot No. 2, being about three

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