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Boston History in the Boston


Old South Meeting House, Boston,








2/ OCT l»lt


The Old South Leaflets were prepared primarily for circulation
among the attendants upon the Old South Lectures for Young People.
The subjects of the Leaflets are immediately related to the subjects of the
lectures, and they are intended '.o supplement the lectures and stimulate
historical interest and inquiry among the young people. They are made
up, for the most part, from original papers of the periods treated in the
lectures, in the hope to make the men and the public life of the periods
more clear and real.

The Old South Lectures for Young People were instituted in the sum-
mer of 1883, as a means of promoting a more serious and intelligent atten-
tion to historical studies, especially studies in American history among the
young people of Boston. The success of the lectures has been so great as
to warrant the hope that such courses may be sustained in many other
cities of the country.

The Old South Lectures for 18S3, intended to be strictly upon subjects
in early Massachusetts History, but by certain necessities somewhat modi-
fied, were as follows: "(iovernor Bradford and Governor Winthrop "
by Edwin D. Mead. "Plymouth," by Mk.s. A. M. Diaz. "Concord"
by Prank B. Sanborn. "The Town-meeting," by Prof. James K.
HosMER. " Franklin, the Boston Boy," by George M. Towle. " How
to study American History," by Prof. G. Stanley Hall. "The Year
1777." by John Fiske. " History in the Boston Streets," by Edward
Everett Hale. The Leaflets prepared in connection with lectures
consisted of (i) Cotton Mather's account of Governor Bradford, from the
" Magnaha"; (2) the account of the arrival of the Pilgrims at Cape Cod
from Bradford's Journal; (3) an extract from Emerson's Concord Address
in 1835; (4) extracts from Emerson, Samuel Adams, De Tocqueville, and
others, upon the Town-meeting; (5) a portion of Franklin's Autobiogra-
phy; (6) Carlyle on the Study of History; (7) an extract from Charles
bumners oration upon Lafayette, etc.; (8) Emerson's poem, "Boston."

The lectures for 18S4 were devoted to men representative of certain
epochs or ideas in the history of Boston, as follows: " Sir Harry Vane in
New England and in C'.d England," by Edward Everett H-\le Jr
"John Harvard, and the Founding of Harvard College," by Edward
Channing, Ph.D. "The Mather Family, and the Old Boston Ministers,"
by Rev. Samuel J. Barrows. " Simon Bradstreet, and the Struggle for
the Charter," by Prof. Marshall S. Snow. " Samuel Adams and the
Beginnmg of the Revolution," by Prof. James K. Hosmer. " Josiah
Quincy the Great Mayor," by Charles W. Slack. "Daniel Webster,
the Defender of the Con.stitution," by Charles C. Coffin. " John A
Andrew, the great War Governor," by Col. T. W. Higginson. The
Leaflets prepared in connection with the second course were as follows-
(I) Selections from Forster's essay on Vane, etc.; (2) an extract from
Cotton Mathers "Sal Gentium"; (3) Increase Mather's "Narrative of
the Miseries of New England "; (4) an original account of " The Revolu-
tion in New England" in 1689; (5) a letter from Samuel Adams to John

Adams, on Republican Government ; (6) extracts from Josiah Quincy's
Boston Address of 1830; (7) Words of Webster; (S) a portion of Cover'
nor Andrew's Address to the Massachusetts Legislature in January, 1861,

The lectures for 1885 were upon " The War for ihe Union," as follows :
"Slavery," by William Lloyd Garrison, Jr. "The Fall of Sumter,"
by Col. T. W. Higginson. "The Monitor and the Merrimac," by
Charles C. Coffin. "The Battle of Gettysburg," by Col. Theodore
A. Dodge. "Sherman's March to the Sea," by Gen. William Cogswell.
"The Sanitary Commission," by Mrs. Mary A. Livermore. " Abraham
Lincoln," by Hon. John D. Long. "General Grant," by Charles C.
Coffin. The Leaflets accompanying these lectures were as follows : (i)
Lowell's " Present Crisis," and Garrison's Salutatory in the Liberator of
January i, 1831 ; (2) extract from Henry Ward Beecher's oration at Fort
Sumter in 1S65; (3) contemporary newspaper accounts of the engagement
between the Monitor and the Merrimac; (4) extract from Edward Everett's
address at the consecration of the National Cemetery at Gettysburg, with
President Lincoln's address; (5) extract from General Sherman's account
of the March to the Sea, in his Memoirs ; (6) Lowell's " Commemoration
Ode"; (7) extract from Lincoln's First Inaugural Address, the Emanci-
pation Proclamation, and the Second Inaugural Address; (8) account of
the service in memory of General Grant, in Westminster Abbey, with Arch-
deacon F'arrar's address.

The lectures for 1886 were upon "The War for Independence," as
follows :" Samuel Adams and Patrick Henry," by Edwin D. Mead.
"Bunker Hill, and the News in England," by John Fiske. "The Declara-
tion of Independence," by James MacAllister. "The Times that tried
Men's Souls," by Albert B. Hart, Ph.D. " Lafayette, and Help from
France," by Prof. Marshall S. Snow. "The Women of the Revolu-
tion," by Mrs. Mary A. Livermore. " Washington and his Generals,"
by George M. Towle. "The Lessons of the Revolution for these
Times," by Rev. Brooke Herford. The Leaflets were as follows: (i)
Words of Patrick Henry; (2) Lord Chatham's Speech, urging the removal
of the British troops from Boston ; (3) extract from Webster's oration on
Adams and Jefferson; (4) Thomas Paine's "Crisis," No. i; (5) extract
from Edward Everett's eulogy on Lafayette; (6) selections from the Letters
of Abigail Adams; (7) Lowell's "Under the Old Elm"; (8) extract from
Whipple's essay on "Washington and the Principles of the Revolution."

The course for the summer of 1887 was upon "The Birth of the
Nation," as follows : " How the men of the English Commonwealth planned
Constitutions," by Prof. James K. Hosmer. "How the American Colo-
nies grew together," by John Fiske. " The Confusion after the Revolu-
tion," by Davis R. Dewey, Ph.D. " The Convention and the Constitu-
tion," by Hon. John D. Long. " James Madison and his Journal," by
Prof. E. B. Andrews. " How Patrick Henry opposed the Constitution,"
by Henry L. Southwick. "Alexander Hamilton and the Federalist"
" Washington's Part and the Nation's First Years," by Edward Everett
Hale. The Leaflets prepared for these lectures were as follows: (i)
Extract from Edward Everett Hale's lecture on " Puritan Politics in
England and New England"; (2) "The English Colonies in America,"
extract from De Tocqueville's " Democracy in America " ; (3) Wash-
ington's Circular Letter to the Governors of the States on Disbanding
the Army ; (4) the Constitution of the United States ; (5) " The Last Day
of th« Constitutional Convention," from Madison's Journal; (6) Patrick

Henry's First Speech against the Constitution, in the Virginia Convention;
,7; the Federalist, No. IX.; (8) Washington's First Inaugural Address.

The course for the summer of i8S8 had the general title of " The Story
of the Centuries," the several lectures being as follows : " The Great Schools
after the Dark Ages," by Ephraim Emerton, Professor of History in
Harvard University. " Richard the Lion-hearted and the Crusades," by
Miss Nina Moore, author of " Pilgrims and Puritans." " The World
which Dante knew," by Shattuck O. Hartwell, Old South first prize
essayist, 1S83. "The Morning Star of the Reformation," by Rev. Philip
S. MoxoM. " Copernicus and Columbus, or the New Heaven and the
New Earth," by Prof. Edward S. Morse. "The People for whom
Shakespeare wrote," by Charles Dudley Warner. " The Puritans and
the English Revolution," by Charles H. Levermore, Professor of His-
tory in the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. " Lafayette and the
Two Revolutions which he saw," by George Makepeace Towle.

The Old South Lectures are devoted primarily to American history.
But it is a constant aim to impress upon the young people the relations of
our own history to English and general European history. It was hoped
that the glance at some striking chapters in the history of the last eight
centuries afforded by these lectures would be a good preparation for the
great anniversaries of 1889, and give the young people a truer feeling of
the continuity of history. In connection with the lectures the young
people were requested to fix in mind the following dates, observing that in
most instances the date comes about a decade before the close of the cen-
tury. An effort was made in the Leaflets for the year to make dates,
which are so often dull and useless to young people, interesting, significant,
and useful. — -iith Century: Lanfranc, the great mediaeval scholar, who
studied law at Bologna, was prior of the monastery of Bee, the most famous
school in France in the nth century, and archbishop of Canterbury under
William the Conqueror, died 1089. 12th Cent.: Richard I. crowned
1 1 89. 13th Cent. : Dante, at the battle of Campaldino, the final overthrow
of the Ghibellines in Italy, 1289. 14th Cent.: Wyclif died, 1384. 15th
Cent.: America discovered, 1492. i6th Cent.: Spanish Armada, 1588.
17th Cent.: William of Orange lands in England, 1688. iSth Cent.:
Washington inaugurated, and the Bastile fell, 1789. The Old South
Leaflets for 1888, corresponding with the several lectures, were as follows :
(1) " The Early History of O.xford," from Green's " History of the English
People,"; (2) "Richard Coeur de Lion and the Third Crusade," from the
Chronicle of Geoffrey de Vinsaut; (3) "The Universal Empire," passages
from Dante's De Monarchia ; (4) "The Sermon on the Mount," Wyclif 's
translation ; (5) " Copernicus and the Ancient Astronomers," from Hum-
boldt's " Cosmos " ; (6) " The Defeat of the Spanish Armada," from Cam-
den's "Annals"; (7) "The Bill of Rights," 16S9; (8) " The Eve of the
French Revolution," from Carlyle. The selections are accompanied by
very full historical and bibHographical notes, and it is hoped that the
series will prove of much service to students and teachers engaged in
the general survey of modern history.

The year 1889 being the centennial both of the beginning of our own
Federal government and of the F>ench Revolution, the lectures for the
year, under the general title of " America and France," were devoted en-
tirely to subjects in which the history of America is related to that of
France as follows: "Champlain, the Founder of Quebec," by Charles
C. Coffin. " La Salle and the French in the Great West," by Rev.

W. E. Griffis. " The Jesuit Missionaries in America," by Prof. James
K HosMER. " Wolfe and Montcalm : The Struggle of England and
France for the Continent," by John Fiske. "Franklin in France,"
by George M. Towle. " The Friendship of Washington and Lafayette,"
by Mrs. Abba Goold Woolson. "Thomas Jefferson and the Louisiana
Purchase," by Robert Morss Lovett, Old South prize essayist, 1888.
"The Year 1789," by Rev. Edward Everett Hale. The Leaflets for
the year were as follows : (i) Verrazzano's account of his Voyage to Amer-
ica ; (2) Marquette's account of his Discovery of the Mississippi; (3) Mr.
Par'kman's Histories; (4) the Capture of Quebec, from Parkman's " Con-
spiracy of Pontiac"; (5) selections from Franklin's Letters from France ;
(6) Letters of Washington and Lafayette; (7) the Declaration of Inde-
pendence; (8) the French Declaration of the Rights of Man, 1789.

The lectures for the summer of 1890 were on "The American Indians,"
as follows : " The Mound Builders," by Prof. George H. Perkins. " The
Indians whom our Fathers Found," by Gen. H. B. Carrington. " John
Eliot and his Indian Bible," by Rev. Edward G. Porter. " Kmg Philip's
War," by Miss Caroline C. Stecker, Old South prize essayist, 1889.
"The Conspiracy of Pontiac," by Charles A. Eastman, M.D., of the
Sioux nation. " A Century of Dishonor," by Herbert Welsh. " Among
the Zuiiis," by J. Walter Fewkes, Ph.D. " The Indian at School," by
Gen. S. C. Armstrong. The Leaflets were as follows: (i) extract from

ress of the Gospel among the Indians of New England," 1670 ; (4) extract
from Hubbard's " Narrative of the Troubles with the Indians" (1677) on
the Beginning of King PhiHp's War; (5) the Speech of Pontiac at the
Council at the River Ecorces, from Parkman's " Conspiracy of Pontiac";
(6) extract from Black Hawk's autobiography, on the cause of the Black
Hawk War; (7) Coronado's Letter to Mendoza (1540) on his Explorations
in New Mexico; (8) Eleazar Wheelock's Narrative (1762) of the Rise and
Progress of the Indian School at Lebanon, Conn.

The lectures for 1S91, under the general title of "The New Birth of the
World," were devoted to the important movements in the age preceding
the discovery of America, the several lectures being as follows: "The
Results of the Crusades," by F. E. E. Hamilton, Old South prize essay-
ist, 1883. " The Revival of Learning," by Prok. Albert B. Hart. " The
Builders of the Cathedrals," by Prof. Marshall S. Snow. " The Changes
which Gunpowder made," by Frank A. Hill. "The DecHne of the
Barons," by William Everett. "The Invention of Printing," by Rev.
Edward G. Porter. "When Michel Angelo was a Boy," by Hamlin
Garland. "The Discovery of America," by Rev. E. E. Hale. The
Leaflets were as follows: (i) "The Capture of Jerusalem by the Cru-
saders," from the Chronicle of William of Malmesbury ; (2) extract from
More's "Utopia"; (3) " The Founding of Westminster Abbey," from
Dean Stanley's " 1 listorical Memorials of Westminster Abbey " ; (4) " The
Siege of Constantinople," from Gibbon's " Decline and Fall of the Roman
Empire"; (5) "Simon de Montfort," selections from Chronicles of the
time ; (6) " Caxton at Westminster," extract from Blade's Life of William
Caxton; (7) " The Youth of Michel Angelo," from Vasari's " Lives of the
Italian Painters"; (8) " The. Discovery of America," from Ferdinand Colum-
bus's life of his father.

The lectures for 1892 were upon "The Discovery of America," as fol-
lows : " What Men knew of the World before Columbus," by Prof.
Edward S. Moksk. " Leif Erikson and the Northmen," by Rev. Edward
A. HoRTON. "Marco Polo and his Book," by Mr. O. W. Dimmick..
"The .Story of Columbus," by Mrs. Mary A. Livermurk. " Americus
Vespucius and the Early Books about America," by Rev. E. G. Porter.
"Cortes and Pizarro," by Prof. Chas. II. Levermore. " De Soto and
Ponce de Leon," by Miss Ruth Ballou Whittemore, Old South prize
essayist, 1891. "Spain, France, and England in America," by Mr. John
FiSKE. The Leaflets were as follows : (i) Strabo's Introduction to Geog-
raphy; (2) The Voyages to Vinland, from the Saga of Eric the Red; (3)
Marco Polo's account of Japan and Java; (4) Columbus's Letter to
Gabriel Sanchez, describing his First Voyage; (5) Amerigo Vespucci's
account of his First Voyage; (6) Cortes's account of the City of Mexico;
(7) the Death of De Soto, from the " Narrative of a Gentleman of
Elvas " ; (8) Early Notices of the Voyages of the Cabots.

The lectures for 1893 were upon " The Opening of the Great W^est," as
follows: "Spain and France in the Great West," by Rev. William
Elliot Gkiitts. " The North-west Territory and the Ordinance of 1787,"
by John M. Merriam. "Washington's Work in Opening the West," by
Edwin D. Mead. "Marietta and the Western Reserve," by Miss Lucy
W. Warren, Old South prize essayist, 1892. " How the Great West was
settled," by Charles C. Coffin. " Lewis and Clarke and the F:xplorers
of the Rocky Mountains," by Rev. Thomak Van Ness. " California and
Oregon," by Prof. Josiah Royce. "The Story of Chicago," by Mrs.
Mary A. Livermore. The Leaflets were as follows: (i) De Vaca's
account of his Journey to New Mexico, 1535; (2) Manasseh Cutler's De-
scription of Ohio, 1787 ; (3) Washington's Journal of his Tour to the Ohio,
1770; (4) Garfield's Address on the North-west Territory and the Western
Reserve; (5) (ieorge Rogers Clark's account of the Capture of Vincennes,
1779; (f") Jefferson's Life of Captain Meriwether Lewis; (7) Fremont's
account of his Ascent of Fremont's Peak; (8) Father Marquette at Chi-
cago, 1673.

The lectures for 1894 were upon " The Founders of New England,'" as
follows : " William Brewster, the Elder of Plymouth," by Rev. Edward
Everett Hale. " William liradford, the Governor of Plymouth," by
Rev. William Elliot Griffis. "John Winthrop, the Governor of
Massachusetts," by Hon. Frederic T. Greknhalge. "John Harvard,
and the Founding of Harvard College," by Mr. William R. Thayer.
" John Eliot, the Apostle to the Indians," by Rev. James De Normandie.
" John Cotton, the Minister of Boston," by Rev. John Cotton Brooks.
" Roger Williams, the Founder of Rhode Island," by President E.
Benjamin Andrews. "Thomas Hooker, the Founder of Connecticut,"
by Rev. Joseph II. Twichell. The Leaflets were as follows: (i) Brad-
ford's Memoir of Elder Brewster; (2) Bradford's First Dialogue; (3)
Winthrop's Conclusions for the Plantation in New England ; (4) New
England's Urst Fruits, 1643; (5) John Eliot's Indian Grammar Begun;
(6) John Cotton's "Clod's Promise to his Plantation"; (7) Letters of
Roger Williams to Winthrop; (8) Thomas Hooker's "Way of the
Churches of New England."

The lectures for 1S95 were upon " The Puritans in Old England," as
follows: "John Hooper, the First Puritan," by Edwin D. Mead; " Cam-
bridge, the Puritan University," by William Evereti ; "Sir John Eliot

and the House of Commons," by Prof. Albert B. Hart; "John Hamp-
den and the Ship Money," by Rev. F. W. Gunsaulus; "John Pym and
the Grand Remonstrance," by Rev. John Cuckson ; " OUver Cromwell
and the Commonwealth," by Rev. Edward Everett Hale; "John
Milton, the Puritan Poet," by John Fiske ; " Henry Vane in Old England
and New England," by Prof. James K. Hosmer. The Leaflets were as
follows: (i) The English Bible, selections from the various versions; (2)
Hooper's Letters to BuUinger; (3) Sir John EHot's "Apology for Soc-
rates"; (4) Ship-money Papers ; {5) Pym's Speech against Strafford; (6)
Cromwell's Second Speech ; (7) Milton's " Free Commonwealth " ; (8) Sir
Henry Vane's Defence.

The lectures for 1896 were upon " The American Historians," as follows :
" Bradford and Winthrop and their Journals," by Mr. Edwin D. Mead;
"Cotton Mather and his ' Magnalia,' " by Prof. Barrett Wendell;
" Governor Hutchinson and his History of Massachusetts," by Prof.
Charles H. Levermork ; "Washington Irving and his Services for
American History," by Mr. Richard Burton; "Bancroft and his His-
tory of the United States," by Pres. Austin Scott; " Prescott and his
Spanish Histories," by Hon. Roger Wolcott; " Motley and his History
of the i:)utch Republic," by Rev. William Elliot Griffis; " Parkman
and his Works on France in America," by Mr. John Fiske. The Leaflets
were as follows: (i) Winthrop's " Little Speech " on Liberty; (2) Cotton
Mather's " Bostonian Ebenezer," from the " Magnalia " ; (3) Governor
Hutchinson's account of th^ Boston Tea Party; (4) Adrian Van der
Donck's Description of the New Netherlands in 1655; (5) The Debate in
the Constitutional Convention on the Rules of Suffrage in Congress ; (6)
Columbus's Memorial to P^erdinand and Isabella, on his Second Voyage ;
(7) The Dutch Declaration of Independence in 1581; (8) Captain John
Knox's account of the Battle of Quebec. The last five of these eight
Leaflets illustrate the original material in which Irving, Bancroft, Prescott,
Motley, and Parkman worked in the preparation of their histories.

The lectures for 1897 were upon "The Anti-slavery Struggle," as
follows: " William Lloyd Garrison, or Anti-slavery in the Newspaper," by
William Llovd Garrison, Jr.; "Wendell Phillips, or Anti-slavery on
ihe Platform," by Wendell Phillips Stafford; "Theodore Parker,
or Anti-slavery in the Pulpit," by Rev. Edward Everett Hale ; " John
G. Whittier, or Anti-slavery in the Poem," by Mrs. Alice Freeman
Palmer ; " Harriet Beecher Stowe, or Anti-slavery in the Story," by Miss
Maria L. Baldwin; "Charles Sumner, or Anti-slavery in the Senate,"
by Moorfield Storf:v ; "John Brown, or Anti-slavery on the Scaffold,"
by Frank B. Sanborn; "Abraham Lincoln, or Anti-slavery Trium-
phant," by Hon. John D. Long. The Leaflets were as follows: (i) The
First Number of The Liberator ; (2) Wendell Phillips's Eulogy of
Garrison ; (3) Theodore Parker's Address on the Dangers from Slavery ;
(4) Whittier's account of the Anti-slavery Convention of 1833; (5) Mrs.
Stowe's Story of "Uncle Tom's Cabin"; (6) Sumner's Speech on the
Crime against Kansas; (7) Words of John Brown; (8) The First Lincoln
and Douglas Debate.

The lectures for 1S98 were upon " The Old World in the New," as
follows: "What Spain has done for America," by Rev. Edward G.
Porter; " What Italy has done for America," by Rev. Willi.\m Elliot
Griffis ; " What France has done for America," by Prof. Jean Charle-

Magne Bracq ; " What England has done for America," by Miss Kath-
ARINK COMAN ; "What Ireland has done for America," by Prok. F.
Spencer Baldwin; "What Holland has done for America," by Mr.
Edwin D. Mead; "What Germany has done for America," by Miss
Anna B. Thompson; "What Scandinavia has done for America," by
Mr. Joseph P. Wakrkn. The Leaflets were as follows: (r) Account of
the Founding of St. Augustine, by Francisco Lopez de Mendoza Grajales ;
(2) Amerigo Vespucci's Account of his Third Voyage; (3) Champlain's Ac-
count of the Founding of Quebec; {4) Barlowe's Account of the First
Voyage to Roanoke; (5) Parker's Account of the Settlement of London-
derry, N.H.; (6) Juet's Account of the Discovery of the Hudson River;
(7) Pastorius's Description of Pennsylvania, 1700: (8) Acrelius's Account
of the Founding of New Sweden.

The lectures for iS()() were upon "The Life and Influence of Washing-
ton," as follows : "Washington in the Revolution," by Mr. John Fiskk;
"Washington and the ('onstitution," by Rkv. Edwakd Evereit Hale ;
"Washington as President of the United States," by Rev. Albert E.
WiNSHiP; "Washington the True Expander of the Republic," by Mr.
Edwin D. Mead; "Washington's Interest in Education," by Hon. S. Roe; "The Men who worked with Washington," by Mrs.
Alice Freeman Palmer; "Washington's Parewell Address," by Rev.
Franklin Hamilton; "What the World has thought and said of
Washington," by Prok. Edwin A. Grosvenor. The Leaflets were as
follows: ([) Washington's Account of the Army at Cambridge in 1775;
(2) Washington's Letters on the Constitution; {3) Washington's Inaug-
urals; (4) Washington's Letter to Benjamin Harrison in 1784; (5) Wash-
ington's Words on a National University; (6) Letters of Washington and
Lafayette; (7) Washington's Farewell Address; (8) Henry Lee's P^uneral
Oration on Washington.

The lectures for 1900 were upon "The United States in the Nine-
teenth Century," as follows: "Thomas Jefferson, the First Nineteenth-
century President," by Edwin D. Mead; "The Opening of the Great
West," by Rev. William E. Barton; "Webster and Calhoun, or the
Nation and the States," by Prof. S. M. Macvane; "Abraham Lincoln
and the Struggle with Slavery-," by Rev. Charles G. Ames; " Steam and
Electricity, from Fulton to Edison," by Prof. F. Spencer Baldwin;
" The Progress of Education in the Nineteenth Century," by Mr. Frank
A. Hill; "The American Poets," by Mrs. May Alden Ward; "America
and the World," by Hon. John L. Bates. The Leaflets were as follows :
(i) Jefferson's Inaugurals ; (2) Account of Louisiana in 1803; (3) Calhoun
on the Government of the United States; (4) Lincoln's Cooper Institute
Address; (5) Chancellor Livingston on the Invention of the Steamboat;

(6) Horace Mann's Address on the Ground of the Free School System;

(7) Rufus Choate's Address on the Romance of New England History;

(8) Kossuth's First Speech in Faneuil Hall.

The lectures for 1901 were upon "The English Exploration of America,"
as follows: "John Cabot and the First English Expedition to America,"
by Prof. Charles H. Levermore; "Hawkins and Drake in the West
Indies," by Mr. Joseph P.' Warren ; " Martin Frobisher and the Search
for the North-west Passage," by Prof. Marshall S. Snow; "Sir Hum-
phrey Gilbert and his Expedition to Newfoundland," by Mr. Ray Greene
HuLiNG; "Sir Walter Raleigh and the Story of koanoke," by Rev.
Edward Everett Hale; "Bartholomew Gosnold and the Story of

Cuttyhunk," by Rev. William Elliot Griffis ; " Captain John Smith
in Virginia and New England," by Hon. Alfred S. Roe; " Richard Hak-
luyt and his Books about the English Explorers," by Mr. Milan C. Ayres.
The Leaflets were as follows: (i) John Cabot's Discovery of North

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