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The life of Samuel Johnson (Volume 4) online

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LIBRARY

THE UNIVERSITY
OF CALIFORNIA

SANTA BARBARA



PRESENTED BY

MRS.

ERIC SCHMIDT



THE LIFE



OF



SAMUEL JOHNSON.



BY

JAMES BOSWELL.



WITH NOTES BY

JOHN WILSON CROKER,

HAWKIXS, PIOZZI, MALONE, SCOTT, CHALJIERS, AND OTHERS.



IN FOUR VOLUMES,
VOL. IV.



NEW YORK:

JOHN B. ALDEN, PUBLISHER.

1S8T.



CONTENTS OF YOL. lA.



CHAPTER 1.

1778



}ood Friday — Bad Housewifery — Books of Travels — Fleet Street— Meeting with Mr. OIlTef
Edwards— Lawyers— Tom Tyers— Choice of a Profession — Dignity of Literature — Lord Cam-
den—George Psalmanazar — Daines Barrington — Punishment of the Pillory — Insolence of
Wealth — Extravagance — " Demosthenes Taylor " — Pamphlets — Goldsmith's Comedies —
"The Beggar's Opera" — Johnson's " Historia Studiorum" — Gentleman's Magazine —
Avarice — Bon-Mots — Burke's Classical Pun — Egotism, ... '1



Cfl AFTER li.

1778.

Buying Buckles— "The first Whig"— Wine— Tasso— Homer— Adam Smith— Pope— Voltaire-
Henry's History — Modern Writers — Greece — Rome — Old Age — Dr. Robertson — Addison —
Chinese Language — Interest of Money — Imagination — Existence — Virtue and Vice — The
Bat — Lord Marchmont — " Transpire " — House of Peers — Popu's " Universal Prayer " — Di-
vorces — Parson Ford's Ghost — Lord Clive, ..,.,,, 81



CHAPTER III.

1778—1779.

Lora Kames— Sir George Villiers's Ghost — Innate Virtue— Native Modesty— Foreign Travel-
Lord Charlemont— Country Life— Manners of the Great — Home's " Letter to Dunning "—
Dr. Mead— Rasselas and Candide— Francis's Horace — Jtodern Books of Travels— Lord
Chatham— Vows— Educution— Milton's " Tractate"— Locke — Visit to Warley Camp — Dr.
Burney— Sir Joshua Reynolds's " Discourses " — Publication of the " Lives of the Poetj "—
Death of Garrick — Correspondence, - . . . s . . 66

vfl



VIU OOKTENTS OK Vol,. IV.

CHAPTER IV.

1779.

Mr. Ta8ker's " Ode"— Man of the World — " Vicar of Wakefleld " — Janius's Letters— Pat en^
tal Authority — London — " Government of the Tongue " — Good Friday — Easter day — Eel-
Ekinning — Claret, Port, Brandy — Shakspeare's Witches — Lochlomond— Liberty — Hackmau
Johnson and Tophain Ueauclerk—SIallel— Friendship— Eulogy on Garrick — " Art of getting
drunk "—Empirics— Parental Affection— Lord Marchmont — Pope— Parnell's " Hermit "—
Correspondence, ...,,..,.. 74

CHAPTER V.

1779.

t.xperiments on the Constancv of Friends— Colonel James Stuart— Choice of Guardians —
Adventurers to the East Indies — Poor of London — Pope's " Essay on Man " — Lord Boling-
broke — Johnson's Residences in London — Conjugal Infidelity — Roman Catholics — Helps to
the Study of Greek — Middlesex Election — House of Commons— Right of Expulsion — George
Whitfield— Philip Astley— Keeping company with Infidels — Irish Union — Vulgar Prosperity
" The Ambassador says well " — Correspondence, ..... 9S

CHAPTER VI.

1780.

■* Lives of the Poets " completed— Dr Lawrence — Loss of a Wife— Death of Topham beauciera
— Letter-writing — Mr. Melmoth — Fitzosborne's Letters — Somerset-House Exhibition — K(ots
in London — Lord George Gordon — Mr. Akerman — Correspondence —Dr. Beattie — Davies's
" Life of Garrick " — Advice to a Young Clergyman — Composition of Sermons — Borough
Election— Lady SoiUhwell — Mr. Alexander Macbean— Lord Thurlow — Langton's Collec-
tanea — Dr. Franklin's " Demonax," ....... Hi

CHAPTER VII.

1781.

The " Lives of the Poets " completed — Observations upon, and various Readings in, the
Life of Cowley — Waller — Milton — Dryden — Pope— Broome— Addison — Parj?«U— 5!:ackmore
—Philips — Congreve— Tickell — Akenside — Lord Lyttelton— Young— Swift, , t6S

CHAPTER VIII.

1781.

Warren Hastings — Liberty and Necessity— Picture of a Man, by Shakspeare and by Milton-
Registration of Deeds— Duty of a Member of Parliament — Deportment of a Bishop — " Merri
ment of Parsons "—Zachariah Mudge— Dr. Walter Harte— Scale of Liquors— Dancing- Si:
Philip Jennings Clerk — American War— Dudley Long— Exaggerated Praise — " Learning U
Talk "—Veracity— Death of Mr. Thrale— Queen's Arms Club— Construciive Treason— Castei
of Men — Passion Week— Addison— HUckstone— Steele— Educating by Lectures- The Re
nrr«ction — Apparitions, . , . , , , . \9I



CONTENTS OF VOL. IV. U

CHAF TER IX.

1781.

Dinner at Sirs. Garrick's— Miss Hannah More — Mudge's ' Sermons " — A Printer's Devil-
Quotation— Letter-writing — Bet Flint — Oratory — Beauclerli's Library — English Sermons —
Blue-Stocking Clubs — Miss Monckton — Talking for Victory — A Cui Bono Man — "Heroic
Epistle "^Lord Carlisle's Poems — Dr. Barnard — "Of Tory and Whig" — Visit to Welwyn —
Dr. Young — Trusting to Impressions — Original Sin — Ancient Egyptians — Wealth — Memory
and Recollection — Marrying a pretty Woman — Thrale's Brewery — Mr. Bewley — Johnson's
Hearth-broom — Dr. Patten — Visit to Ashbourne and Lichfield, , . . 211

CHAPTER X.

17S2.

Dr.ai'y ' f Robert LpTett — Vets js to his Memory — Chatterton — Dr. Lawrence— Death of
Friendship— " JMai'tieJ?" and "Deformities" of Johnson — Misery of being in Debt— Six
Rules for Travellers — J>eath r,[ Lord Auchinleck^" Kindness and Fondness" — Life — Old
Age — Evils of Poverty — Prayer >n leaving Streatham — Visit to Cowdry — Nichols's " Anec-
dotes " — Wilson's " Arciieologiral Dictionary " — Dr. Patten, .... 242

CHAPTER XI.

1783.

Country Gentleman — House of Hanover — Conversation— Lies of Vanity — Opium— Exaggera-
tion— Neglect of Merit— Use of Riches — Crabbe's "Village"— Keeping Accounts — Lords
Mansfield, Loughborough, and Thurlow — Harrington's Nugse Antiqua^ — " Quos Deus vult
perdere," &c. — Prince of Wales — Surney's Travels— Chinese Architecture— Innovation-
Tyburn Dr. Hurd —Parentheses — "Derrick or Smart"— "The great Twalmley "— Owen
Cambridge —Family Histories—" Turidsh Spy " — Orchards — Oratory— Origin of Language-
Madness- Rev. James Compton, ........ 26?

CHAPTER XII.
1783.

Population of London — Natural Affection — Self-defence — Duelling — Corpulency — Government

of India — Reviewers — Horace — Sickness — Liberty of Teaching — "Alias'" — Virgil — Cant-
Hospitality — Miss Burney — Barry's Pictures— Baxter's Works — Devotion — Johnson at-
tacked with a Stroke of the Palsy — Recovery — Visit to Langton at Rochester, . 297

CHAPTER XIII.

1783.

Death of Mrs. Williams — Conversation— French Literature— Dr. Priestley — Candour — Mr&
Siddons— Mrs. Porter -Kitty Clive — Mrs. Pritchard— John Philip Kemble— George Ann*
Bellamy — Lord Carlisle's Tragedy -Unconstitutional Influence of the Scotch Peer



Online LibraryJames BoswellThe life of Samuel Johnson (Volume 4) → online text (page 1 of 47)