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class of 'Kesident Graduates' another
building might be erected at some
distance from the present on the
same grounds, and fitted with private
apartments for lodging and study,
and with recitation rooms, &c.

A special course of study including
the Hebrew language, Bibical litera-



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The American Friend.



2d. month,



tare, and some extended departments
of science might be instituted for
young Friends who have graduated
at this and other respectable institu-
tions. As an incentive for such to
spend a year at Haverfordthe income
from the "Fund" might be devoted
to the support of the graduates dur-
ing their year's sojourn at the college.
As a further inducement the second
degree might be conferred upon those
who complete this course successful-
ly. Resident graduates are found at
various institutions, but they are gen-
erally compelled to fall in with the
undergraduate course, or else pursue
a desultory course of private study
without systematic instruction from
the professors.

These proposed changes would, per-
haps, accomplish two or three desired
results at Haverford. First, — The
preparatory department would afford
material for larger under-graduate
classes. Secoud, — The higher de-
partments would be more attractive
to college stuileuts. Third, — The
super-graduate course on the plan
proposed would enable Haverford to
give the finishing touches to the edu-
cation of many* worthy young men
who are now unable to enjoy a long
residence there. W. B. M.



PREPARATION.

Eds. Am. Friend:

I have read noth-
ing that has appeared in vour columns
with greater interest and satisfaction,
than the "Synopsis of the Exercises
of the Meeting of Ministers and
Elders of Indiana Yearly Meeting,"
reported in your last issue. I have
seen nothing more timely and appro-
priate, — nothing better calculated to
infuse into the ministry of the Society
that healthful, enlightened and char-
itable tone and spirit, which are, at
present, such a serious desideratum.
Many paragraphs deserve to be itali-
cized throughout; and the whole
synopsis should be the constant vade
mecum of every minister in the So-
ciety. True, some might feel, on a
first perusal, that if they were re-
quired to adhere strictly to the letter



and spirit of the contents, their "oc-
cupation" would be "gone;" but a
proper reconsideration might only
convince them how far they had been
mistaking the true temper and proper
exercise of their calling.

If the ministry of the Society could
only be remodeled upon the truths
and suggestions given in this "Syn-
opsis," it would not only make a
clean riddance of a large amount of
"sounding brass and tinkling cym-
bal," but would replace it with the
genuine sound- of the Gospel.

Taking the hint in the first para-
graph of the "exercises," as reported,
about a "repetition of what has been
already well-expressed," I will not
tax your columns with a rehearsal of
the leading points of the "Synopsis,"
but merely ask the liberty to recall a
single sentence. I quote from the
sixth paragraph :

"It would almost seem to be a priv-
ilege to be allowed to prepare our
discourses before-hand, in order to
present them free from everything
unnecessary ; yet while we dare not
do this, it is our duty to give our
minds that training and discipline,
which will render our ministry most
effectual."

Is not a glimpse opened here upon
a very important question ? Is there
something, then, in the essential
principles of Quakerism that rigidly
excludes in every case, and under all
circumstances, this preparation "be-
fore-hand ?" Is not rather, the per-
petual and perceptible presence and
guidance of the Holy Spirit, our
leading principle as a religious body,
and our highest individual privilege ?
And may not the same Spirit that
impresses upon the minister "before-
hand"* the duty of appointing or at-
tending a meeting in a given locality,
also impress "before-hand" the line
of service required and enable him
to bring his exercise to proper ma-
turity, in order "to present it free
from everything unnecessary;" so
that he may find himself ♦neither on

♦See the pertinent remarks of Daniel Hill
at the opening of the "General Meeting" in
Chicago, reported in the last number of the
American Friend.



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1868.



Ike American Friend.



89



tte one hand, under the necessity of and those from without Indiana Year-
giving it an imperfect, and, perhaps, ly Meeting are nearly all accompan-
labored and unsatisfactory expres- ied by money to pay for the Tracts,
sion, nor, on the other, of keeping the The wide extent of the demand is
audience unprofitably waiting ? That very remarkable, and shows an in-
the latter alternative not unfrequently creasing interest amongst Friends in



occurs, no twaddle about "itching
ears," can entirely prevent the hearers
from seeing and realizing for them-
selves. And if the propriety of prepa-
ration in advance of oral communi-
cation, cannot be denied without an
arbitrary limitation of our own
principles and practices, does not
further consistency require that we
admit at least the possible propriety
of occasional written communica-
tions in our meetings ? Or is the fact
whether a given exercise found its
first expression through the tongue,
or the pen, to decide whether it is a
true Gospel message or not? Shall
we continue to practice upon our-
selves the sophistry of making dis-
tinctions without a difference, or shall
we pronounce without repeal the
true answer : Liberty.

Z.



For the American Friend.

CENTRAL BOOK AND TRACT COMMIT-
TEE.

At the regular Quarterly Meeting
of this Committee, held First month
27th, 1868, at the Depository, Rich-
mond, Ind., the members were all
present but one.



the spread of the Gospel. Some of
the letters are from persons residing
in distant localities, who desire to
promote, in some degree, the cause of
Christ.

An interesting letter from John
Ashworth, which will appear on an-
other page, was received and read.

A bequest of $50 from our beloved
friend, Clarkson Moon, deceased, was
thankfully received.

The Treasurer's report showed a
balance in his hands of $60 23— none
of the present year's appropriation
from the Yearly Meeting's Treasury
having been drawn.

Two beautiful small Tracts entitled
"I'm not afraid to die," and "The
Mother Comforted," were read. and
adopted.

The meeting was a pleasant and in-
teresting one, and the Committee felt
encouraged in the work.*

C. F. C.

For the " Amerieui Friend."
A FEW THINGS THAT I SAW IN MON-
TREAL

The reading of the letter of Louis
Street, also David Hunt's account of
his visit "Across the "Atlantic," par-



The report of the Publishing Com- ticularly the closing paragraph of the
mittee showed that 77,000 Tracts, con- latter, have suggested some reflec-
taining 616,000 pages, had been print- tions on one of the fields' of labor



ed ancl placed in the Depository
during the past three months, at a
cost of $438, and that 25,200 Tracts,
containing 144,610 pages, had been
purchased at a cost of $123,23.

The Report from the Depository
showed a distribution of about 100,-
000 Tracts, containing 431,900 pages.

Letters were read from Maine,
Massachusetts, New York, Philadel-
phia, Baltimore, North Carolina, Ten-



within a moderate distance of our
Atlantic cities, that appears open for
"more laborers," for so the city of
Montreal appeared to me during a
visit latelypaid to the only familv of
Friends (Walter and Rachel Marriage
and their seven children,) now resid-
ing within, or near that city.

Montreal, -standing at the head of
the ship navigation of the St. Law-
rence, promises to be what many of
nessee, Mississippi, Michigan, Texas, its 'enterprizing citizens are aiming
California, Missouri, Illinois and to make it, the permanent emporium
Iowa, besides many from Ohio and of the "New Dominion," in com-
Indiana, asking for Tracts. The re- merce, if not in intellectual and re-
quests are usually for small quantities, ligious influence: the Grand Trunk



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The American Friend.



Id. month,



Bailroad keeping good the city's con-
nection with the seaboard, when the
navigation ot the river is obstructed
by ice, and affording, at all ti fries, a
more expeditious means of transit to
Portland, (Maine,) than the steamers
can give, however well built or well
appointed they may be, make it a
center from which may f!6w much
that is good — or evil.

The first object that attracts the at-
tention of strangers, or those who,
like myself, have not visited the city
for many years, is, of course, the
magnificent "Tubular Bridge," the
center span of which is 330 feet, and
60 feet high ; 24 spans, 242 feet each ;
2 stone abutments 242 feet each, mak-
ing the total length from bank to
bank 10,284 feet. This structure is
regarded as "the most gigantic work
of science and engineering on the
habitable globe ;" it certainly has an
imposing appearance, and the reflec-
tions that crowd into the mind during
the six minutes between our entrance
into, and emergence from, the tube,
going at wjiat seemed a thundering
rate and in almost total darkness, are
such as must awaken all but the
dullest of travellers.

Many of the principal streets of
Montreal have been made wider, new
houses built, and new fronts of stone
given to some old ones, equal to some
first class buildings in American
cities. The "horse cars" run from the
suburbs through the city, about four
miles, fare five cents.

There are thirty-two 'churches/ or
schools (not including Sabbath
Schools,) in whioh some form of relig-
ion is taught, including eleven under
Roman Catholic rule, — convents
and nunneries ; 2 Jews' Synagogues,
and 29 Protestant places of worship ;
but not one Friends' meeting in a
population of nearly one hundred
thousand. The latter fact must strike
any one with regret who desires to
see Christianity in its simplest attire
fully represented before that people.

As I have already said, there is but
one family of Friends, but I learned
that there were several individuals
who are in some way connected with,
and measurably attached to, the So-



ciety. I also met with several intel-
ligent gentlemen who manifested
much earnestness in their efforts to
sustain Sabbath Schools, and other
means of moral and religious im-
provement, and the time spent with
them was one of spiritual refresh-
ment and renewal of the conviction
that Peter's declaration *'God is no
respecter of persons," is as true to-
day, and in America, as it was when
that Apostle made that an ti -Jewish
confession before Cornelius in Pales-
tine.

From other information procured
in that city there appears to be not a
few who fully agree in the conviction
that Christianity and war have no
fellowship with each other, a few of
these have taken a decided stand,
openly professing their Peace Prin-
ciples. These, agreeing as they do
with Friends, in this one important
item, seem to promise well, but in
their manner of religious worship,
differing from them : making Scrip-
ture reading a part of it ; partaking
of bread and wine N as symbols of
Christian communion ; and regarding
water baptism as emblematic of
spiritual baptism, would seem to
close the way of gathering suitable
materials out of which to form a
Friends' meeting. And yet Montreal
may be regarded as " missionary .
ground, " on which an abundant har-
vest might be gathered, if more la-
borers should be led into that part of
the Lord's vineyard.

For the formation of a Peace Soci-
ety, without regard to denomination-
al distinction, there seems to be suffi-
cient materials, provided they that
speak favorably of the principle in
private were sufficiently grounded
in it as a Christian element to induce
them to bear, without wavering a
public testimony in its favor; there
are a few such.

There are already openings by
which the public eye or ear may be
reached in support of the doctrines,
&c, professed by Friends, also of that
specialty — Peace. Several Friends
who are ministers of the Gospel have
held public meetings for worship in
the city, in some of these the laborers



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41



have felt the want of a double portion
of faith to sustain them; while they
"cast their bread upon the waters," to
be found by others they may never
know. And in regard to the distri-
bution of publications advocating
the doctrine of Peace, one bookseller,
who makes the sale of religious writ-
ings a leading part of his business,
has consented to receive for distribu-
tion such as maintain that war is
troll-Christian in its nature, and an-
other, connected with the Young
Men- 8 Christian Association, intima-
ted his willingness to lay before the
Examining Committee any books or
papers that may be forwarded to him
for that purpose. And any such pub-
lications, if directed to the care of
"Walter Marriage, 30 Le main e street,
Montreal, C. E.," I have reason to
believe will be properly disposed of.
I have been speaking of the bright
side of the picture ; there is another
view of it that one is obliged to take,
and looking in that direction, one
sees looming up, here and there, ob-
stacles that would put to a severe test
the faith of the pioneers in this work.
First, the public religious teaching of
nearly all the pastors in the city is
reported to be decidedly in favor of
leaning on the "sword" not "of the
spirit," but of the soldier. Next, they
have five thousand English troops
among them, who receive their "pay"
from the Home Government, remind-
ing the citizen of the parental care of
that Government over its distant
colony ; and, then, the monetary in-
.fiuence of that army, — spending in
that city for the support of men and
officers, horses and materials for en-
largement offmilitary structures, a
sum estimated to be not less than
twenty-five thousand dollars weekly.
So that it seems, with these obstacles
in view, any attempt to plant the
"white flag of Peace" in the soil o'er-
shadowed by the "red flag of war,"
must be made by men who have some-
thing higher than the love of popu-
larity for a prompter — men who ap-
prehend they see the pointing of the
Divine hand in the matter, and who
have learned how to lean for support
on the Prince of Peace.



Yes, Montreal, abounding as it is in
Ritualism and war-sustaining clergy,
has also a few who look far beyond
such outward signs, seeking a "king-
dom that is not of this world."

H. M.

Monkton, Vt., 12th mo , 1667.



For the American Friend,

FEAR THOU NOT.

"Be thou faithful unto death, and I will
give thee a crown of life." — Rev. 2; 10.

O fainting pilgrim, fear thou not,

Christ is thj shield and sun,
Both grace and glory he will give

To every trusting one.

His love to heal, his grace to save,

In faithful promise given,
Oh how it cheers the weary soul, —

A foretaste here o! heaven.

Thy master calleth thee, arise,—

Be ever faithful found, —
Oo, in the morning sow thy seed

O'er many a field around.

And when thy joys with years increase

Blest in a goodly land,
O praise the Lord with sweeter song,

Nor, then, withheld thy hand.

A glorious harvest soon will come.
We'll hear Immanuel's voice

When they that sow and they that reap,
Together sliall rejoice.

Then, trusting pilgrim, fear thou not,

Christ is thy shield and sun,
A crown of glory he will give,

When thy days work is done.

W. P. H.



CORRESPONDENCE.

Daniel McPheeson, of Gilead,
Missouri, under date of First month
8th, writes :

"The work of the Lord is prosper
ing hereabouts. "We have good, live-
ly meetings. Frequently several have
something to say in the name of the
Lord;— some whose mouths have
lately heen opened. We have three
Reading Circles for improving our
knowledge of the Bible, that we may
better understand the way of salva-
tion. On such occasions we have had



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The American Frtend.



2d. month,



refreshings as from the presence of
the Lord, so that though our meeting
is isolated the Great and Good Shep-
• herd is not unmindful of us."

Asa. B. Wasson, of Plainfield, Ind.,
writes :

* * * * "There are many, over
whom our Society is wielding an in-
fluence, who are virtually asking,
'What is Truth?' I am willing to
accept for the prime object of our
Society the salvation of souls ; and I
take it for granted that when we stop
to contend long with one an other as
to the manner, we are losing time
ourselves. I like the doctrine that
Paul preached when he said, 'To the
weak became I as weak, that I might
gain the weak.' I am persuaded that
we are a little too selfish with the
advantages we have inherited from
our 'forefathers,' — not quite practical
enough; — nevertheless I believe the
work of the Lord is prospering in our
hands. * * * * Some
Friends have lately canvassed the
town of Plainfield, and found seven
families destitute of the Holy Scrip-
tures ; several families in the vicinity
have also been found living without
them ; all of which have been furn-
ished with them together with a good
assortment of tracts."

Carthage, Ind.,
1st mo. 3Ut, 1868.
JBds. Am. Friend:

The foil owing pas-
sages from a letter addressed by Isham
Cox, of North Carolina, to a Friend
in this vicinity, although it was called
forth by local circumstances, contains
so much of that loving pastoral spirit
which becomes a shepherd inlsrael,
that I have thought proper, with the
consent of the person to whom the
letter was addressed, to offer them to
you for publication.

D. Clark.

Muduok, North Oakomxa, * \
13th mo. 31st , 1867. J

H.B. H.— Dear Cousin:— * *
Upon reading the account of the great
awakening in that part of the land, I
remembered the language of the



prophet Isaiah, "as soon aa Zion
travailed she brought forth her chil-
dren," and now the command is take,
these children and nurse them for
me, and the wages will be sure : Seek
for nursing fathers and nursing moth-
ers, and let them deal gently with
them, and let the church bear them
upon her sides and dandle them upon
her knees, and the Lord will extend
peace to her v like a river.

It need be no marvel, if in times of
spiritual revival, some spotaneous
shoots bear more leaves than fruit, or,
if the members of the church have
given way to apathy and verged into
a formal lifeless condition, that when
a reaction takes place, some should
get on the other extreme. Then, as
at other times, we should bear one
another's burdens, and so fulfill the
law of Christ ; have fervent charity
among ourselves and let love be with-
out dissimulation. Let all in child-
like simplicity pray that they be en-
abled to add to their faith all seven
of the Christian graces as pillars on
which wisdom deigns to build her
house, and then shall we see Jerusa-
lem a great habitation, a tabernacle
that shall not be taken down, not one
of the stakes thereof shall ever be
removed, nor the cords thereof be
broken, but there the glorious Lord
will be to his people "a place of broad
rivers and streams wherein shall go
no galley with oars, neither shall
gallant ships pass thereby. For the
Lord is our judge, the Lord is our
law-giver, the Lord is our king." He
will save those that put their trust in
Him.

As I write my mind $eems drawn
forth in loving desires for the bride,
the Lamb's wife, that she may be
adorned with a spotless robe of pure
white. For pure and undefiled relig-
ion truly consists in visiting the fath-
erless and the widows in their afflic-
tion, and in keeping unspotted from
the world, and as we are inclined to
follow the true light, Ve shall be
favored to steer our course along a
straight path between the two ex-
tremes I have hinted at> which leads
along the valley of humility, and is
bedecked with the flowers of "Love,



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2he American Friend.



43



joy, peace, long-suffering, gentleness,
goodness, faith, meekness, temper-
ance, against which there is no
law."

If thou considers this little message
of love worthy of notice, please pre-
sent it with my warmest affections to
any dear Friends in thy freedom. * *

ISHAM COX.

New Vienna, Ohio, )
Second month 3rd., 1868. j

Eds. Am. Friend:

As we desire to hear
from other parts of the Lord's vine-
yard, we have thought the same de-
sire might be felt in other neighbor-
hoods. I am thankful to say that the
Lord has been blessing us with a time
of refreshing, the Spirit has been
poured out upon the church, and we
nave been revived, our faith has been
confirmed, and our hopes animated.

By being thus revived we have been
drawn out in Gospel love towards
those living in sin. There has existed
great unUy of feeling between Friends
and the Methodists, so that we were
led to labor together for two weeks
in a protracted meeting, which has
resulted in great good. Each worked
in his own way without compromise,
thus the work Vent smoothly on ; 55
were converted to Christ; 44 have
given their names desiring to join
with the Lord's people, and we feel
assured that most, if not all, of those
professing conversion, have found
Him of whom Moses and the Proph-
ets did write. It has been a deep
work of the Spirit in hfs convicting
and converting power.

Some go with Friends, some with
the Methodists, a lew are undecided
at present ; 11 names were forwarded
to our Monthly Meeting from this
(East Fork) Preparative, last Fourth-
day. Many of our young Friends
have been brought out into the liber-
ty of the sons of God, and it is com-
forting and cheering to hear them
apeak well of their blessed Redeem-
er. Our women Friends are alive in
their work ; in short, I think the little
church here is in good working order,
and well united in tfie bonds of love.

J. H. D.



"We take the following from a pri-
vate letter of one of the teachers of
Freedmen at Little Rock, Arkansas,
written the last day of last year :

"About six inches of snow fell last
Sabbath night. Next morning, think-
ing it a good time to visit the poor to
find out their real want, I prepared
myself for a walk through the snow.
I went from cabin to cabin selecting
the worst-looking ones I could find*
Not one house did I enter where the
snow had not covered the floor. In
one I found a mother and three little
girls, sitting over a few dying coals ;
on these sat a skillet in which they
were sopping their last piece of bor-
rowed corn bread. Their clothes
were thin and torn. They had not a
mouthful of food left in their miser-
able house, nor a chip of wood, and
the sweeping wind blew the snow
over their wretched-looking beds
making quite a drift on one of them.

"Another cabin I visited was a mere
pen made of logs. On account of the
snow within, I could scarcely push
the door open wide enough to enter,
and the room was so small I could
only stand when in. In it I found a
crippled man of seventy, a young
sick wife, and a little babe. Only a
very little fire remained on the hearth,
and over it the mother was trying to
keep her darling warm. They said
they had had nothing to eat since the
day before, and had no way to get
anything. The husband proceeded
to kindle a fire, knocking to pieces,
for fuel, a good barrel that stood in
one corner of the room, with a few
rags in it. In another corner was &
wretched imitation of a bed ; In an-
other was a small table with a few
dishes upon it, and some cooking
utensils under it ; and, besides, they
had a broken chair, a bed and a few
pieces of garments, and these were
all they had. t asked them if they
did not think God had almost forgot-
ten them. "Oh, no/ f the mother
answered, "I know He has not, for
He never will forget His children ;
He has blessed us and He will now
provide some way. In Him do I put
my trust more than in any one else.""



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Ihe American Friend.



2d. month.



Such humble faith ! How many of
prosperous Christians, were they so
reduced, would say as this black wo-
man did ?

"These two were thd most helpless
and destitute families I visited, but
others were only a little better off.
There is much poverty and suffering
amongst the colored people here."

Spicbland, Ind., l$t mi., 1868.
Eds. Am. Friend:

In your issue for the
First month appears a synopsis of the
exercises of the General Meeting at
Chicago, which has been perused by
most of your readers no doubt with


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