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great interest.

Without consuming space to ex-
press approbation of the principal
part, as reported, allow me to call
attention to the discourse on Baptism,
and express a fear, strengthened by
comments on it, which I have heard,
that it will be construed and under-
stood by those not well acquainted
With our views, as supporting or en-
dorsing the idea, that under the light
of the Gospel dispensation Sin may
be conceived and considered as ex-
ternally adhering, and so, liable to be
loosened and washed away.

Without some such notice as this,
I thought perhaps the author might
not again observe it, nor make the
explanation he would be glad to, if
apprised of a possible necessity.

W. E.
For the American Friend.

I am at lost to know how any one
can misunderstand the language giv-
en in the last number of the Ameri-
can Friend, as apprehended in the
accompanying note.

Water was spoken of wholly as
typical of the Spirit. I wished to be
, understood as saying that water
would not remove impurity from the
body without an alkaline element,
and the ashes of the red heifer on the
day of atonement were essential in
the water of separation that it might
cleanse to the purifying of the flesh.

The water is a type of the cleans-
ing power of the Spirit. But the
Spirit cannot of itself cleanse the
so uL Sin adheres to man in the fall



by the power of death, (Numbers
xix.,) so that the efficacy of the expia-
tory power of the atonement must
loosen it before it will wash away by
the Spirit. The red heifer becomes
significant by its color and by the
ashes, of blood and of death.

By this view we are able to see the
force of Heb. ix : 13, 14 ; "For if the
blood of bulls and of goats, and the
ashes of a heifer, sprinkling the un-
clean, sanctifieth to the purifying of
the flesh, how much more shall the
blood of Christ, who through the
Eternal Spirit offered Himself with-
out spot to God, purge your con-
science from dead works to serve the
living God."

I hope I am now understood.

B. C. Hobbs.



For the American Friend.

"SINGING PSALMS."

"If any feel drawn under this in-
fluence, [that of the Spirit,] to sing a
Psalm, to pray, exhort, or teach, the
exercise of the gift is in perfect ac-
cordance with our ancient principles
on this subject"— C. F. Coffin, at Chi-
cago.

Will C. F. Coffin please explain to
some of the readers of the American
Friend what he means by singing a
Psalm ? what Psalms, and what sort
of singing?

Robert Barclay says, "The divine
influence of the Spirit leads souls to
breathe forth either a sweet harmony,
or words suitable to the present condi-
tion, as the Psalms of David, or other
words. The formal customary way
of singing hath no foundation in
Scripture nor any ground in true
Christianity."

Has the Society of Friends any
collection of Psalms or Hymns for
the purpose of singing? Would C.
F. Coffin recommend for this purpose
the. Methodist, Baptist and Presbyte-
rian collections, or rather that of
Priscilla Gurney, Anna Braithwaite,
&c ? And, what tunes, prithee ?
"Old Hundred," "Windham/' "Prim-
rose/' "Majesty," "Mears," "Hatfield,"
&c, &c. ? Has the judgment of our
Elders and church authorities ever



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1868.



The American Friend.



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yet been exercised upon this subject,
and have they adopted, for our use,
any tunes? Have we any skillful
Chenaniahs — prepared of the Lord
set over this department of worship,
as the term Ghenaniah imports?

In short, may we sing vocally mak-
ing artificial music, which RrBarcl&y
condemns ? J. M. C.

Cakthage, Ind.

FRIENDS' PEACE CONFERENCES.

"We have had three several convo-
cations upon the subject of Peace,
and an address has been looked for
embodying our desires for the uni-
versal adoption of Peace principles.

"Out of the abundance of the heart
the mouth 8peaketh. ,, If the heart of
the people was fully leavened by the
spirit of the Gospel of Peace, would
it not have been made manifest?
Would not the full fountain have
poured forth the clear waters of life
to the cleansing of the murky streams
of the world? When the heart is
full it will find expression in tones of
pathos and power, that will command
attention and reach the sympathetic
chord, for deep feeling when expres-
sed always touches the feelings. It
is wise not to come forth as a people
in an address until we appreciate the
position, and are sure that we have
something fitting that we are con-
strained to say, and that the full time
has come to give it expression. "We
must speak, not because we wish to
say something, but because we have
something to say.

If we Would go forth as the cham-
pions of peace, we must be fully
equipped. We m list not, as a people,
show a spirit that falsifies our pro-
fessions, we must first be a united
people, giving this proof of our dis-
cipleship — viz: that we love the
brethren. Before going forth to fi>ht
the open foe, we need drill exercise,
that we may learn to stand shoulder
to shoulder in solid phalanx. We
require the full armor of our Captain,
the Prince of Peace. We must not
go forth to fight as a mixed multitude,
but as an army fully uniformed and
equipped from the armory of this,



our Captain, that we may in the thick
of battle, be able to distinguish friend
from foe. It will not be wise to al-
low an appearance here and there in
our columns of soldiers more or less*
equipped in the uniform or carrying
the arms of our enemy, the Prince of
Hatred. Thus we see that organized
war calls for organized and most
searching preparation, and sifting of
the ranks. "From whence come wars
and fightings among you ? come they
not hence, even of your lusts that war
in your members ?" George Fox
said, "I told them I knew from
whence all wars arose, even from the
lusts, according to James' doctrine,
and that I lived in the virtue of that
life and power that took away the *
occasion of all wars." It is, then,
necessary to strip ourselves of every
accoutrement that belongs to the
soldier of the army of the alien, of
these very lusts that war in our mem-
bers, of the arms and armor of those
who come under the banner of this
Prince of Discord. Prominent among
these lusts, and wide-spread, is the
love of money. We must acknowl-
edge that some of our neighbors, at
least, seem too eager in its pursuit,
and that some seem to devote their
time and thoughts too absorbingly to
it. Has it ever unduly influenced us
in N our action towards a brother?
Time was once when distinctions were
made between a brother of low de-
gree arid one wearing a gold ring.
People were judged by the outward
circumstance, and not by the amount
of faith and love of Jesus they pos-
sessed. And we fear the time has
been when highly professing people
possessed by this passion, have dis-
regarded their verbal agreements;
have failed to obey the precept 'look
also on the things of others/ and in
buying and selling hav*e not done as
they would be done by; have not
meted out even-handed justice, and
because they, had the power, have
grasped more than their just due, and
have not applied the principles of the
Gospel practically in every day-life.
This spirit has spread until it leaven-
ed a whole nation, and then they have
united in taking from a weaker nation



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The American Friend.



2d. month,



their just rights and possessions.
Covetousness, we see, has thus gen-
dered war, and the seed may have
been found, in tracing back, to hare
germinated in highly professing
hearts. The volunteer in the Lamb's
army must, then, be stripped of this
shade of selfishness.

There are what might be styled re-
ligious lusts, bigotry, superstitions,
and sectarian zeal, the lust of power.
The crudest of all wars have ever
been in the name of religion, and at
the behest of these very lusts. What
has been may be again, no sect is ex-
empt from their sway. Human na-
ture, in its weakness, knows no such
restrictive lines. The same spirit
that lit the fires and invented the
torments of the inquisition, can in
these days virtually imprison, enchain
and apply the thumb-screws, and
every torture to the spirit of some
devoted one, struggling to do his
Master's bidding according to the
light given him, because that Inward
Light does not lead him in the old
groove, and his mission has not been
square hewn to a pattern once set up
in our mount. History is full of
examples of the persecuted when
placed in the seat of power, and hav-
ing the machinery of church govern-
ment to setin motion, yielding to the
seductive, flattering influence of place,
and becoming in their turn intoler-
ant and persecuting. They that will
live godly in Christ Jesus shall suffer
persecution, but woe to him who
offends one of these little ones. It
is the spirit that quickeneth, and un-
less a form can be breathed upon by
the loving spirit of Jesus, it has not
life, there is no true life out of Christ,
and devoid of self-sacrifice. Know-
ing these things, then, those that have
power in our church should be very
jealously watehful over their own spir-
it, and endeavor to know the secret
motive of their actions. These per-
verts in the place of power, instead
of lovingly extending the hand to
every struggling, sincere seeker after
truth, have wickedly thrUBt them un-
der the tide, while tney were manful-
ly breasting its stream, or have shot
at and wounded them by partisan



watch-words, searing their souls with
hot branding epithets, applied in
cruel and careless arrogance or as-
sumption. Denunciation is often like
hot shot, a cruel and terrible engine
of bitter war. All usurpation offends,
for liberty is precious, and slavery
e\er hateful.

How far are we careful not to stir
up a war of empty words, or a feeling
of partisan zeal, by obtruding our
own views on those that are not in a
situation to be convinced, or in a
spirit of dissatisfaction and irritation,
because we cannot hold them, and, at
the same time, msk in the sunshine
of universal approval and admira-
tion ? Is there any taint left on^ our
own religious establishment of the
arbitrary ideas of our early day,
when ecclesiastical sway bore rule ?
Are our disciplinary proceedings all
limited by, and imbued with, the
spirit of the New Testament ? These
things will bear sifting, and, as in the
Jewish code, punishment was graded
heavier according to the advance in
station of the trespasser, so spiritual
wickedness in high places should be
especially rebuked. Whilst we have
judged them sinful, who, in a most
unselfish spirit of self-immolation,
have thought it to be their duty to
risk everything for the integrity of
the government which guarantees us
so many liberties, what sacrifices are
we making one to another that we
may not injure the integrity of the
Kingdom of Heaven within the heart,
that we may guarantee to our chil-
dren all that spiritual liberty which
belongs to those whom Christ makes
free?

Peace advocates have need from the
regenerating power of the lave of
Jesus, to learn to be gentle to all men.
Christ said, my Kingdom is not of
this world, else would my servants
fight. To maintain human govern-
ments as at present constituted, fight-
ing men are needed, but when the
kingdoms of this world become the
kingdoms of God and his Christ, then
will fightings cease. Under this view,
how far are we justified in making
use of the strong arm of the law for
selfish ends, for this genders strife ?



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the American Friend.



47



The only way for a religious organi-
zation to put down war, is, by leav-
ening the world with the spirit of
the Gospel, but reformatory associa-
tions address themselves legitimately
to the intellect and the moral percep-
tions. Such an association styling it-
self the Peace Association of Friends
in America has been very properly
organized by our Peace Committees.
May it enter with earnestness upon
its work. We would invite it to home,
as^well as foreign, missionary work.
AVery valuable contribution to the
cause would be a clear statement of
the principal events which occurred
in connection with the maintainance
of peace principles, both as regards
Society and individual action, or suf-
fering, during the late rebellion. And
let us all endeavor to stand fast in the
liberty wherewith Christ has made
ns free, and be not entangled in any
yoke of bondage, come out of every
self- thraldom, and let the spirit of the
Prince of Peace bear more and more
sway in our hearts, that His kingdom
may come, and His will be done on
earth as it is in heaven. Let those
that are set as ensamples to the flock
avoid all these appearances of evil.
Let us first cast out the beam out of
"our own eye, then shall we see clear-
ly to cast out the mote out of our
brother's eye, and let us remember
the injunction, "follow peace with
all men and holiness, without which
no man shall see the Lord ;" "Look-
ing diligently lest any man fail of the
grace of God : lest any root of bit-
terness springing up trouble you, and
thereby many be defiled."

H.



ITEMS.

Fairfield, a new Quarterly Meet-
ing set off from Whitelick Quarterly
Meeting, and located a few miles
southwest of Indianapolis, Ind.* was
opened on the fourth of last month.

Cottokwood Quarterlv Meeting,
attached to Indiana Yearly Meeting,
and composed of Cottonwood and
Toledo Monthly Meetings, is to be
opened at Cottonwood, Chase Co.,
Kansas, on the 14th of next month.



Richland Quarterly Meeting, set
off from Union Quarterly Meeting,
is to be opened on the seventh of
next month, at Richland, north of
Indianapolis, and about four miles
south of Westfield. Both of these
meetings are within the limits of
Western Yearly Meeting.

At the Preparative Meeting at
Spiceland, Ind., in last month, there
were 35 applications for membership,
amongst Friends, including families
and individuals.

Isaac Jay, of Indiana Yearly Meet-
ing, accompanied by his son, Walter
D. Jay, is engaged in a religious visit
to Friends of North Carolina Yearly
Meeting.

Allen Jay, of Western Yearly
Meeting, accompanied by his wife,
Martha Jay, is now in Ohio in the
prosecution of a religious visit to the
Quarterly Meetings of Indiana Year-
ly Meeting, which are situated in the
States of Ohio and Indiana, and to
most of the Meetings belonging to
them.

The post office address of Eli
Jessup, who has been sojourning the
last year at Poughkeepsie, New York,
is now, and will be for some time at
least, Cornwall Landing, Orange Co.,
N. Y.

Friends of Blue River, Ind., have
a good school-house, and a very flour-
ishing school of about 100 scholars in
it, under the care of Wm. T. Pink-
ham, Teacher, and Lydia Stanton,
Assistant. Their youn£ people are
also in the way of meeting together
for religious purposes, and a good
work seems to be going on amongst
them.

At the new Quarterly Meeting of
Sand Creek, set off from Blue iiiver,
last vear, the Friends have built a very

food school-house, at a cost of about
3,000, and are already reaping a re-
ward of their outlay, in the life and
interest imparted to their settlement
and meeting by a good school of about
100 scholars, kept in it by Wm. H.
Russel, Teacher, aud Elizabeth Park-
er, Assistant.



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48 The American Friend* 2d. month,

We understand that the Trustees Our Friends at this Asylum have
of White's Manual Labor Institute, been very kindly and liberally assist-
in Indiana, have secured the services ed by Friends of Philadelphia, Mich-
of Jonathan and Drusilla Wilson, of igan, and other places, with donations
Indianapolis, to take the superintend- of money, clothing, Sabbath School
ence of that institution. papers, &c, &c, which have greatly

aided in their work.

The British Friend can be had by The Bureau has kindly offered to
subscribers in America at the same furnish transportion for such of the
price, postage free, at which it is children as homes may be found for
furnished in ; Englaud. John Bell, in the North.

15 Noble street, Richmond, Ind., is Day and Scripture Schools at the

agent for the Western States. different stations have been well at-

tended most of the time, and the

FREEDMEN^AFFAIRS. yanSmenT ^^ Satisfact ° ry ad-

The Executive Committee of In- A a^cKix-rs ^pAi^o 12ra & 1st months

diana Yearly Meeting for Relief of £i^?!ftffi

Freedmen, have met regularly each Cmcinnati Monthly Mee^..... •..•100,00

month since last Yearly Meeting, very Walnut Ridge " .'. . ! ." .' .„ ! 145^05
near all the members attending. Carthage " 126,85

The meetings are opened by read-

ing a portion of Scriptures, and fre- Total $3701 18

quently vocal prayer is offered. Expenditures for the two months.. .$754,27

We have been favored with copious No salaries having been paid in
correspondence from our Friends in this time,
the South. Two casks of new, made-up cloth-

The Orphan Asylum near Helena, ing have been received through our
under the care of Calvin and Alida Friend, Ellen Tyler, from women.
Clark, has had about 90 children in Friends in the south of England, and
it, and the one at Lauderdale from 50 sent to the Asylum — a most accept-
to 60 ; a number have been put out to able contribution,
homes from the latter, during the All our correspondence represents
winter. Both institutions have been continued suffering amongst the
doing much good, and we believe are masses of the two States in which we
centres of much religious interest, are at work.

The religious meetings at Lauderdale, Elkanah Beard has made a visit in
(which is in a thinly settled country,) Arkansas during the past month,
numbering near 500 in attendance, holding religious meetings and visit-
many coming miles to attend tjiem. ing our stations in that State. His

In anticipation of the withdrawal meetings were well-attended and he
of support to these institutions by the received much kind attention and
Bureau in the 6th month, arrange- assistance from the officer of the Bu-
ments are making with the assistance reau.

of the officers of the Bureau, to find We will make a few extracts from
homes for most of the children dur- his letter. At the Asylum at Helena
ing the spring, as it would be impos- he states :

siblefor us, with our own means, to "There are 93 children on the roll ;
sustain them.. of this number there are about 15 who,

It is proposed to continue the one if properly educated, will make tol-
near Helena as a Missionary Station lerably good teachers. I was well
and School fbr that vicinity ; also C* pleased with the attention given by
and A. Clark ' have been desired to the children at their Sabbath School ;
select 12 or 15 of the most promising judging from their answers to ques-
children, and with the assistance of a tions, they are being well trained.
Normal Department educate them Several of these children are fre-
for teachers, &c. quently heard in vocal prayer, and



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1868.



The American Friend.



49



dearly love meetings for worship. A
few are anxious to be attached to our
Society, and should they make appli-
cation for membership, I think it
would be well to receive them. The
officers spoke highly of Calvin. They
say, Mr. Clark is a gentleman, attends
to his own business, and is the best
practical farmer in Arkansas."

From Little Rock he writes: "I
believe all of the teachers are doing
their utmost to keep up their schools.
Their system of teaching is complete
and as thorough as in any schpols in
the North."

"The Freedmen in Arkansas, Mis-
sissippi, and Louisiana have added
considerably to their house comforts,
&c, but I think 1 * am safe in saying
not one man in a hundred has five
dollars in cash. I have met with
various individuals who have not had
anything to eat for days but pump-
kins or greens. It is the prevailing
sentiment with whites and blacks
that this is a mo're trying time than
any they passed through during the
war. These hard times have been
brought on, to a great extent, through
carelessness, and this is probably the
only schooling which will prepare the
Sunny South to work and save for fu-
ture emergencies."

From Lauderdale, 2nd mo. 3rd,
E. B. writes : "Our meetings for wor-
ship are gradually growing better and
larger. We have been watching for
some time with considerable anxiety,
several, young and old, who are un-
der deep conviction. After our usual
exercises yesterday at 11 o'clock
meeting, I asked the professors of
religion to come and give me their
hand in token of our being united in
Christ, and in union one with anoth-
er. My request was joyfully acced-
ed to by all, irrespective of name ;
the love of God did abound in our
hearts and several wept for very joy.
Give God the glory."

"I then invited those to come who
were under conviction and had been
for some time trying to forsake their
sins, but who as yet had not found
pardon. Old men, 50 to 70 years of
age, arose, came hobbling along to
the stand, tears streaming from their



eyes. Young men and middle-aged
men and women also came, some
crying aloud and making various
expressions and statements as to their
conditions, and how they longed to
be Christians, &c, &c. I pray God
the awakening may not be in vain."

"The political excitement is dying
out ; and all are beginning to feel that
they must work or starve."

J.D.



LITERARY NOTICES.

It is with pleasure that we call the atten-
tion of our readers, occasionally, to new
books, and some of the current Literary,
Religious, and Educational periodicals of the
day. We do this with the hope that the
space thus used will be of service in promo-
ting mental culture and the spread of knowl-
edge.

Putnam's Monthly Magazine of Literature,
Science, Art and National Interest is a new
periodical, or rather an old one revived, be
ginning with the present year. Judging from
the two numbers issued, we can speak in high
terms of this literary effort, it stands in
the first rank of Magazines, and its contents
are of great interest. Each number con-
tains about 130 pages of choice reading mat- .
ter got up in the usual attractive style of the
publications of G. P. Putnam <fe Son, the
Publishers. Perhaps no words ot ours can
give so good an idea of its pages as the "con-
tents'* of the 2d No., viz: Too True, a con-
tinued tale; Broadway; Dante and his latest
Translators; Diary of James Fenimore
Cooper; A. Talk with Our Next President;
The Mystery of the Gilded Oameo; Ilium Fuit;
The Coming Revolution in England; Making
the most of Oneself; Life in Great Cities:
Rome; Republic of Elsewhere; A Sea View;
The Venus of Milo; Fitz Greene Hal leek:
with Portrait; The Outcast; Monthly Chron-
icle: 1. Occurrences. 2. Literature. 3. Fine
Arts. 4. Table Talk.

The American Tract Society, (Boston,)
still continues its Illustrated Religious Maga
zine for the family, "7 he Sabbath at Home."
Its articles are clearly written, entertaining,
and varied in subject-matter. It has some-
thing for parents and something for children
in each number. "Studies in Bible Lands,"
a series of articles beginning in the first num-
ber of this year, promises to make it still
more valuable to Sabbath School teachers.
We also find ' The Child at Home and ' Christ
tan Banner/ published monthly by the same,
interesting periodicals.



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50



The American Friend.



2d. month,



Chase's Virgil. — This work, just issued
by Eldredge and Brother, of Philadelphia, is
one volume of a Classical Series now in
course of preparation by Thomas Chase, A.
M., Professor of Languages in Haver ford
College, and George Stuart, A.M., Professor
of Latin in Philadelphia High School. It
contains the whole of the Aeneid, with notes,
references to the Grammars of Harkness, and
Andrews and Stoddard — a Metrical Index —
and Remarks on Classical Versification. A
brief but comprehensive and excellent Life
of Vergil — so the editor spells it on the au-
thority of "the be3tMS3."— is prefixed. The
text has been prepared with great care by a
"comparison of all the most approved editions
with constant reference to the authority of
the best manuscripts*" The publishers have
succeeded in producing a neat, compact, ele-
gant, and convenient volume, and we are
glad to recommend this edition to all those
young persons in our country — and their
name is legion — who wish to become ac-
quainted with this immortal poem of the


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