Copyright
Bristol and Gloucestershire Archaeological Society.

Transactions - Bristol and Gloucestershire Archaeological Society (Volume 2) online

. (page 1 of 35)
Online LibraryBristol and Gloucestershire Archaeological SocietyTransactions - Bristol and Gloucestershire Archaeological Society (Volume 2) → online text (page 1 of 35)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


TRANSACTIONS



UF IJIK



^riip tol ant) ^lonczBttxshxx^



Jl V c h a CO Ug i c a i ^So c t c 1 2



FOK 1877-8.



T R A N S A (! T I O N S



OF THE



18ri0tol ant) (iloucestersijire



^rcijaeolosical ^ocietg



FOR tS77-8.



V C3 L . II.



BRISTOL :
PRINTED FOR TIIR SOCIETY UY C. T. JEFFERIES AXD SON'S,
* CA.NYNUE BUILDINGS, REDCLIFF STREET.



The CouxciL OF THE Bpjstol and GLOucESTERsnrnE Arch^olootcal
Society tlesire that it should 1)0 distinctly understood that the
Council is not responsible for any statements made, or opinions
expressed, in the Traxsactioxs; of the Societv, the authors of tho
several Memoirs and Communications l)eing alone auswera1)le for
the same."



CONTENTS OF VOLUIIE II.



Proceedings at Cirencester l-2f>

Proceedings at Gloucester ... ••• ISO- 10:1

O lie Tyndales in Cloncestersliirc, by J.vaies Het^rf.t^t

CooKK, F.S.A 29-40

Stowell House and Park, by H. S. G.\f,l, Esq. 47-r)2

P.emarks upon the Fairford Windows, by Ylvx. J. G.

Joyce, F.S.A 53-01

On the Ancient Churcli Plate at Cirencester, by W. J.Cripps, Esq. 92-lOP.

Seizure of Arms in the County of (ilouccster in 1G84, by Sir

John M.\CLEAN, F.S.A 104-117

r.ocal Names near Cirencester, by Pvev. Geo. H. ISIoberly, M. A. 1 18-1 27

On the three Periods, known as the Iron, the Bronze, and the
Stone Ages, by Pkofessor Polleston, M.D., F.K.S.,
F.S.A 12S-ir,0

On the Monumental Brasses at Cirencester, by Rey. AV. E.

H.\DOw, M.A 151-1G2

Notes on the Tombs in Tewkesbury Abbey, Ijy Eey. S.

Symonds, F.G.S 194-209

On the probable date of the Foundation of Glevum, and its
occupation by tlie Second Legion, ])y Dr. Ht'BXER, com-
municated by Joirx Bellows 210-215

Observations on the Iron Cinders found in the Forest of Dean
and its Neighbourhood, by (Jeorge Wyiiall, Esq., com-
municated by Sir John Maclean, F.S.A 210 2^.4

Arms of the City of Gloucester, by J. D. Thomas Niiu.ett, Esq.,

F.S.A 23.5-240

Some Records of Matson, in the County of Gloucester, and of

the Selwyns, by the Kkv. William Bazeley, J\[.A. ... 241-284

Tenures of Land, by the Customary Tenants in Cirencester,

by Rey. E. A. Fuller, M.A 2S.j-.319

Notices of Recent ARrn.EOLOCiCAL Publications : —

The History and Antiiiuities of tlic Deanery of Craven, in the
County of York, by TiroM.vs l)r\ir\M WiirrAKKi:, LL.D.,
F.S.A iG3-icg



History of the Life and Roigu of Kielianl TIT., ttc , liy James

Oatrdner . .. .. ... i((7

Notices of the Historic Persons l)uri(>,l in tin; Ciiapol of St

Peter ad viucuhx, in the Tower of London, &e.. hy Dowk

(J. Bell, F.S.A lfiS-171

Dursley and its neighbourhood, &c., by John' Hexry Bluxt,

M.A., F.S.A 172

Monumental Inscriptions in the Church of Charleton Kin'fs,

and at Cheltenham, by Rev. Beaver 'I. Blacker, M. A. .. 173

Memoranda — Historical and Cenealogical — relating to the

Parish of Kelston, in the county of Somerset, l)y Rev.

F. J. PoYXTON, M.A. ... ... .. ... 173

(ileanings from the Municipal and Cathedral Records, relative

to the History of the City of Exeter, by W. Cotton, F.S.A.,

and Vex. Hexry Woollcombe, Archdeacon of Barnstaple \~ [

The GEXEALOfJisT, edited by G. W. Marshall, LL.D., F.S.A... ;/;

Tlie Romans of Britain, by Hexry Charles Coote, F.S.A. ... 175

The Visitation of the County of Warwick Harleiax Society ... 176

old luiglish Plate. &c , by Wilfred Joseph Cripps, M.A. .. 179-lSl
Tlie Lake Dwellings of Switzerland, by l)i:. F. Ke'.L' R ... .320-.334

Historic. Warwickshire, l)y J. T. Burgess .. ... ... 334

Kpitaphs of theCatacomlxs, l)yREV. J.SpkxcerNorthcote,D. 0. 82.1-34.3
Calendar of State Papers, edited by W. 1). Hamiltox, F.S.A. 343-.'U7

Studies of the Times of Abraham, l>y Kev. H. G. Tomkixs ... 348-340
Opie and liis Works, by John JopK Rod RRS, M.A. ... ... 349-350

Henry VII., Prince Artliur, and Cardinal Morton, liy T.

MozLEY, M.A ... ... 350-3.r2

I'arish liegister.s of i'^ccleslield, by Alfrkd Sc(rrr Caity ... 352

Tliuner the Thunderer ; and Macbeth, lOarl Siward, and

Dundee, by Professor Ub. George Stephexs, F.S.A. ... 353-354
Colby of Great Torriugton, Devon, by Fri^derick Thomas

CoLP.Y, D.D., F.S.A. ... 3.55

(!alendar of Charters and Rolls in the Bodluiaii Library, by

W. H. Ti-KXER and the llEV. n. 0. CoxK ih

Tlie Directorium Anglicanum, by the Rev. Frederic George

Lee, LL.D., F.S.A .35d-,3.-)7

The Plant-Lore and (iarden-Craft of Shakespeare, by the

Rev. Hem;v N. Ellacomp.e, M.A 3.")7-.35S

In Memoriani, Rev. James Gerald Joyce, F.S.A 182

Index to Vohiiiu; TI. ... ... ... ... ,.. ... 350



LIST OF ILLUSTKATIUK.S.



Church Plate at Cirencester 'JT, 100, 102

riatc 1., Brass of Spyeer Family ••• ... ... ... To face 154

Saxon Crosses at Ilkley ... -.- ... ... .. ... 16-1, 105

Sculpture at Buriisal .. ... ... ... ... ... IGG

Chapel of St. John, in the White 'J'ower, Tower of Lonilon 168

Traitors' Gate, from the river do. 170

The Bloody Tower do. 171

Car\ang of Name of Queen Jane do. ib

Arms of Ferrers of Tamworth ... ... ... ... ... 177

Ancient Tile in Canynge's House, Bristol 181

Plate III., View of Ancient House at Gloucester ... To follow 102

Plate II., Plan of Roman Britain To face 211

tSeal of Recognizances of Debtors at Gloucester 236

Enamelled Plaque of the Arms of City of Gloucester ... 238

Plate IV., Arms of City of Gloucester ... .. ... ... To face "238

Of Lake Dwellings in Switzerland 320,321,322,323

Plate v., Objects of the " Stone Period.'' To face 326

Plate VL, do. do. To face 328

A modern "Arpiou'' ... .. ... ... ... ... 329

Plate VII., Objects of the " Bronze I'eriod " ... To face 331

Plate VIII., "Objects of the Iron Period" To face 332

Epitaphs in the Catacombs ... ... ... .. .Sol), 341, 342, 343



Ell LI ATA. Vol. I.



Page 15, line 11, read '' making kuown."

37 ,, 0, for '* this city" read " Glouccatur.''
43 „ 11, for "1740" read "1779."
22, for 'asOG" read "1803."
4!) ,, 30, read " The name of the tribe," etc., "has."
S8 pedigree of Wyrall, 16th descent for "179S" read " ISOa."
91, line 17 for " 1798 " read " 1808 "
117 ., 10 for " southern " read " eastern. "
„ 172 foot note for, "llaim" read " Raiue."



^rd



TRANSACTIONS



OF TUF.



^risfol iiub @[oucestersI/rre ^rcjjaeotacjical ^ccictg,



1877-8.



Part I.

Tranmctlouii ul the Annual Meetlifj, held at I'lrencester,



ox



Tuesday, Wednesday, and Thursday,

Uw 2S/h, -20///. .(■ 30/A Ajnjii.^f, 1877.

Tills Second Axxual Meeting of the Society, at wliich there
Avas a large attendance of jNIenibers, .was lield on the days aljove-
mentioned under the Presidency of the Pit. Hon. Eaul Bathurst,
D.O.L. The arrangements were made and carried out under the
dii-ection of a local Committee appointed for the purpose, of which
Mr, Wilfred Cktpps was the Hon. Secretary.

On Tuesday the Society assembled at noon at the Corn Hall,
Sir William Y. Guise, Bart., the retiriiig President, occupying
the Chair. At tlie desire of the Chairman, the Honorary
Secretary, Mr. P. Hallett, read the minutes of the previous
General Meeting, wliich had l>een lield at Cheltenham, which
were unanimously contirmed, and the foHowing modihcation
of the Piules of the Society adopted, viz: — "That the last
" clause of Pule 8 reading ' In the absence of the President
" the Chair shall be taken by one of the Vice-Presidents, or by
" .some other memb(u- of the Council,' be omitted, and the following
" clause su})stitute(l, ' A special Vice-President of the Society
" shall be Annually Elected, under the title of ' Vice President of
" the Council,' to take the place of the President in his absence.' "



2 Tkansactions at Cirencester.

Sir William V. Guise then rose and said : — It now becomes
my duty to resign this Cliair in favour of Lord Bathurst, who
will be tlie President of the Society for the ensuing year. I was
elected thereto, on the first formation of the Society, in April of last
year, and I hope that it will be felt by the Society in general that,
with the assistance of its very able Council and Secretary, the
business has been transacted to the advantage of the Society. I
may say that during the very short time in which the Society has
been embodied it has obtained an increase of members which, pro-
bably, has scarcely ever have been equalled by any similar Society.
The number now amounts to more than 500. The Society was
founded upon a broad and ])opular basis. The whole of the members
were made the foundation upon which the Society rests. It is neces -
sary to get the authority of the members for any change of rules that
may be requii*ecl, and, in fact, such authority has just been given for
the alteration of one Avhich was found, in the working, to be a
hinderance to business. Two meetings have been held within the
twelve months, one at Bristol and the other at Cheltenham, both
of which were fully attended. On both occasions the temporaiy loan
museums were furnished with vast quantities of objects of interest,
and although, in a pecuniary point of view, the Society did not
profit by the meetings, I believe, looking at the number of members
that were obtained, and the spirit of enquiry aroused, the expense
they may have cost was fully compensated by the results. I liave
now only to resign this chair, and to make way for my successor.
In this town of Cirencester no better selection could have been
made than in the person of the noble lord who, so kindly, and in
spite of great age, places himself at the head of the Society on this
occasion (cheers). Not only on accotint of his own personal
merits, but because the town of Cirencester is indebted to liis family
for the very beautiful Museum which it now possesses (loud cheers).
Therefore, I am sui-e, with the excellent reception which I know
will be accorded him by the body of members, ably assisted as he
will be by the Council and the indefatigable and excellent Hon-
orary Secretary, he will find no dilliculty in working the Society
during the ensuing year (loud cheers, during which Sir William
GuiSK resigned his seat, and it was assumed, amid renewed cheers,
by Earl Bathurst).

The President called on the Secretary to read the annual report
of the Council.



Report of the Council. 3

Mr. Hallett read tlie

REPORT OF THE COUNCIL.

The Council in submitting its Second Annual Report to the members
of the "Bristol and Gloucestershire Arcluxologioal Society" believes it
mr.y congratulate the Society on the satisfactory progress made during the
year. The Society now numbers 513 members, including 501 subscribers,
showing a net increase, since the meeting at (Gloucester in August last, of
48 subscribers. The finances also are satisfactory. Though many sul)-
scriptions are unpaid the balance in the hands of the Treasurer, after
deducting the estimated cost of the publication of the Transactions of the
Society, is about £007. Of this, however, the sum of £404 consists of Life
Subscriptions which the Council considers should be invested as a Funded
Capital, thus leaving a credit balance of £203 in the account of Ordinary
Income and Expenditure. It must, however, be borne in mind that in
consequence of the much greater proportion of Entrance Fees falling into
the first year the receipts for that year are specially large ; but on the
other hand that year's accounts are chargeable with heavy Inauguration
Expenditure to which subsequent years will not be liable. On the whole
the Council believes that the balance sheet is a sound and satisfactory
one.

Since the highly successful Annual Meeting at Gloucester, last year,
the Society has held two winter meetings, one at Bristol and the other at
Cheltenham. In accordance with the Society's principle of local manage-
ment, each of these meetings was organized and carried out by Committees
at the places in which they were held. Both meetings were well attended,
valuable papers were read at each, and very admirable temporary museums
of local antiquities were opened. The meetings could not, perhaps, l)e
expected to be pecuniarily self-supporting, but their scientific advantages
to members, their impoi-tance as an instrument for exciting local interest
in the work and objects of the newly formed Society, together with the
considerable accession of new members obtained by these means, will,
probably, be regarded as a substantial quid pro quo for the expenses
incurred.

The subject of the formation of an Archaeological Museum and Library
was alluded to by several speakers at the Gloucester Meeting, but nothing
thereon has, as yet, been determined upon. The Council has already made
purchases of certain books, and it has to thank Mr. Long, of Wrington,
Mr. Playne, of Nailsworth, and Mr. G. T. Clarke, of Dowlais, for the
presentation of works to the Society. It has been suggested that, con-
sidering the nature of the district over which the Society ranges, it would
be desirable to establish two centres for Museum and Library jmrposes.
According to this view a centre might be formed at G loucestcr fur the
deposit of antiquarian objects, books, &c., relating to the arclu-eology of
the upper part of the county, and another at Bristol for those relating to
the archa;ology of that city and its neighbourhood. Such collections
B 2



4 Transactions at C'ikkncestek.

would be made without prejudice to the local collections already existing,
as, for example, that in the very excellent museum at Cirencester. Donors
and lenders of antiquities and books would always have absolute right of
selection of the place of their deposit, but the works, or specimens, which
the Society might purchase, or which might be given, or entrusted to its
care without express conditions, would be distributed between these
centres according to their special character and interest.

One important object of the Society, mentioned in its constitution, is
the preservation of ancient local monuments. With this object in view a
Committee of the Society was formed at the Bristol IVIeeting in December
last for securing, if possible, the preservation of St. Werbui'gh's tower.
This tower is a handsome member of tlie Bristol group of towers of the
15th century date, which a private Act of Parliament, obtained for the
so-called removal, but, in an historical sense, for the positive destruction of
St. Werburgh's Church, had given the Bristol Town Council powers either
to preserve or demolish as they thought tit. The Committee of this
Society, in conjunction with other Committees formed at Bristol for the
same 'purpose, received promises of subscriptions to the extent of nearlj'
£1,000 in order to save the tower, and under the influence of their endeav-
ours the Town Council rescinded a resolution it had previously passed for
the removal of the ToM'er. In the delays, however, that followed, other
influences prevailed. The party of destruction again gained the ascendancy,
the Town Council recurred to its original position, and the tower is now
apparently doomed. It is much to l)e lamented that so interesting and
tine a monument of media-val art and culture, with traditions extending
back to the earliest periods f>f ]']nglish history — one too that has always
held a prominent position in a group of towers and spires that has made
Bristol almost architecturally unique amongst cities — should be thus sac-
riflced to what appears little more than a narrow and short-siglited
utilitarianism. It may, however, perhai)s,be hoi)ed that under the influence
of the Archa'ological Societies of the country, utilitarianism will gradually,
even though slowly, arrive at some sense of the utility of ancient momi-
iiiciits, whether as materials for knowledge or as examples for conduct, and
tliat ^\•hat is really a jirojierty of the ages enjoyed V)y millions in the past,
and w hicli with advancing education would be enjoyed by tens of millions
in tlie future, will not be so readilj' given over to the destructive impulses
of a passing period.

AVith regard to the internal constitution of the Society, there is not
much to rei)ort. One change has l)een introduced in tiie estal)lishmcnt of
the new otHce of A'icc-Pnisidcnt of Council, foi- tlic puijio.Hc of strengthening
the continuity of the Council's deliberations, 'i'he oflice is annual, like all
the other oHiccs of tlu; Society, but its holder i.s eli^iihle foi re-election, and
the Council have much satisfaction in l)ciiig jieiniitted to i»rop().se to the
Society the election of the late President, Sih \Vm.\". Ciisk, Bai:t., to the
newly created olhce. The Council also submit for re-election for the next
year the names of the retiring members of Council and Vice- I're.sidents,
Secretaries — general, sectional, and local— at present in oiVnc. It ha.'^ tn



Uepokt <'|. iiii; Tnr.AftLiiEi:. 5

report tlio 1(.)S3 ot the energetic services of tlie late Treasurer, Mr.. J>am;,
through resignation, but in Mr, J. E. Bramblk, whom the Council recommend
for election to this office, it is hoped, will be found an efficient successor.
Tlie following members of Council have this year retired by lot, but are
eligible for re-election : — Messrs. W. Leigh, Kebslake, Blukt, Lvcy,
8WAYNE, Gael, andG. L. Baker.

The Council has held six meetings during the year, two at Bristol, two
at Gloucester, one at Cheltenham, and one at Cirencester, and it has to
express its thanks to his Worship the Mayor of Gloucester, the Council of
the Museum and Library of Bristol, and the Authorities of the Ladies'
College at C heltenham, for the excellent accommodation aiforded to the
Society at those places respectively.

Me. J. E. Bramble then presented the Treasurer's Eeport,
and stated that in the first year of the Society's existence 70' life subscrip-
tions of £5 5s. each, 37^ annual subscriptions, and 449 entrance fees were
received. In addition, they had a donation of Xi 14s. 6d. and two others
of £2 2s. each. In the year upon which they are now entered he had
received one life subscription, 205 anniud subsciiptions, three subscriptions
for next year, and 18 entrance fees. After paying sundry expenses, there
is a balance in the Treasurer's hands of £707 15s. 4d. The amount owing
in subscriptions, &c., would just about balance the sum which would be
due from the Society for the expense of printing the first year's volume of
Proceedings and other expenditure that would have to be met. Another
volume of Proceedings would be printed this year, and the whole of the
balance could not be taken as absolutely untouched, but they would be
able to invest the life subscriptions, amounting to £404 5s., and that sum,
he hoped, A\ould stand as a very good nucleus for the future.

Professor Rolleston moved "That the Report of the Council,
and the Treasurer's Report be adoptetl, and that the Council's
recommendation of Officers for the ensuing year be approved."
He proposed this resolution with great pleasure. He could
recollect, as many of them also could recollect, the i)ublication of
the celeV)rated Oxford Tracts, and the great sensation which Tiact
No. UU caused, and he remembered also, most vividly, the motto
of that tract, Latin words which signified " Search out the history
of your ancient mother." Now, that which was the motto of the
famous Oxf(nd Tracts, might be taken as the motto of every rightly
constituted Arclueological Association, such as this was. Those
woi'ds should now be taken hold of, as of old, and seeing the
inducements held out to them for tracing back their antecedents,
these words were invested with greater value and called for greater
attention now than they did even from the peoi)Ie who first saw
them on the title pages of the Tracts. He sympathised witli what



6 TkANSACTIONS at ClKE^X'ESTEK.

the Council had said as to tlie local organisation, and urged
them to use their organisation to bring public opinion to
bear in favour of Sir* John Lubbock's Bill for the Preservation
of Ancient Monuments. He regretted that that me:isure had
been shelved by the Government. He saw that the Bill was
referred to a committee, and he hoped this and other local associa-
tions would brmg their influence to bear, tlu-ough pressure on the
members of Parliament who i-epresented them, in favour of Sir
John Lubbock's Bill. This would liave a great effect. If they
counted their strength by the number of their votes a different
state of things would be soon introduced.

Mr. C. Bowly seconded the resolution, and it was carried by
acclamation.

The Eev.W. Dyke, M.A., moved : "That the outgoing membei-s
of the Council be re-elected." Although he had not the pleasure
of knowing all the membex-s personally, yet he was sure they did
their work so well that the meeting could not do better than
entrust to them, for the ensuing year, the work which they carried
on, so happily, for the year just ended.

Tliis resolution was also seconded, and carried.

The President then delivered the following address : —

Ladies and Gentlemen :

Although I cannot pretend to be so well versed in Archjeology
as your retiring President, yet I acce})ted the ollice under the
impression that in that capacity, from circumstances, I might be of
some aid to this Society.

Archa?ology is a science which may be said to deduce history
from the relics of the i)ast. Cirencester, the Corinium of the
Romans, was a place of imj)ortancc in the time of Julius Ca-sar.
Four great roads met here : first, the Fosse, second, the Ickenwald
Way, third, tlie Irmin Street, and fourth, the Acman Street. In
addition tu the roads, there arc vai-ious anti(juities belonging to
the Roman age. There iy an area called the Bidl lliiig, which had
lung been considered to boa Roman Amphitheatre, but this has
lately been made a subject of doubt. Tliey have found, and they
are now fiuduig, various relics of pottery, urus coutaiuing burnt



President's Address. 7

bones and aslies, sculptured stones and monuments, and a splendid
Roman cai)ital, whicli you will have an opportunity of examining
to-day. There is a Museum, built by the late Lord Bathurst, in
whicli a variety of Roman anthjuities is deposited. Among the
most interesting specimens which time has spared are the tes-
selated pavements. One is at the Barton Farm, in the vicinity,
more curious than the rest from the fact that it occupies the same
place in whicli it was originally discovered It represents Orpheus
charming the birds and beasts by the harmony of his lyre. There
are likewise in the Museum tesselated pavements and a large col-
lection of coins.

Taking leave of these antiquities, which will be described in
more detail by those better instructed in the matter than myself,
I proceed to more modern times. Our Abbey Church occupies the
first position in this town. Henry T. founded the Abbey Church,
but little, if anything, remains of that structure. The present
Parish Church was re-built when Hakebourne was Abbot, between
the years of 1504 and 1522. An ancient Church existed before,
but these matters will be so well described by one who is so
learnedly versed in the subject that I shall not venture to discuss
them more minutely. With regard to the history of Cirencester,
I shall touch it slightly. It has the honour of being mentioned
by Shakespeare ; at the close of Richard II., Bolingbroke, after-
wards Henry IV., says " the Rebels have consumed with fire our
TowTi of Cicester in Glostershire." This refers to the suppression
of the Rebellion raised by the Dukes of Aumerle, Surrey, and
Exeter, and the Earls of Gloucester and Salisbury, in the first year
of Henry IV. It was put down at Cicester. This service was per-
formed by the Mayor and 400 of the townsmen. The sequel was
that all the conspirators lost their heads, and the King, in gratitude,
granted the town all the Rebels' goods, four Does out of his forest at
Breadon, and one hogshead of wine out of his Port at Bristol.

In the time of the Rebellion, Prince Rupert attacked the town
with two eighteen pounders, four field pieces, and one mortar. It
surrendered, after a severe conflict, near the Barton, and the
Governor, Col. Fettyplace, and one of the members of the borough,
were taken prisoners.

But we must not trench further on modern history. I shall
endeavour to give an outline of our proceedings. This day the



8 TrANSAi T[U>,< AT L'lUEMLSTKl:,

members, under the lead of Professor C'liurcli, Avill jjroeeed to tlie
Corinium Museum, afterwards, I hope, take luiiclieon at my liou.se,
and then insjieet the pavement at the Barton ; afterwards ]trooeed
to the remains of the ancient Town Wall. On Wednesday an ex-
eursion will be made to Chedworth Church, and likewise to what



Online LibraryBristol and Gloucestershire Archaeological SocietyTransactions - Bristol and Gloucestershire Archaeological Society (Volume 2) → online text (page 1 of 35)