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TRANSACTIONS



OF THE



Bristol and Gloucestershire



Archaeological Society



FOR



igoi.



TRANSACTIONS



CF THE



Bristol anb (Sloucestetsbiue



Hrcbarological Society



K-ir



1901.



Edited by Rev. C. S. TAYLOR, M.A., F.S.A.



VOL: XXIV.



BRISTOL:

PRINTED FOB THE SOCIETY PY I W AKK( "WSM1TII, QUAY STREET.



The Council of the Bristol and Gloucestershire Arch i o i

res that it should he distinctly understood that tin-
Council is n<>t responsible for any statement made, or opinions
ressed, in the Transactions of the Society. The Authors are
alone responsible for their several Papers and Communications, and
the Editor, the Rev. C. S. Taylor M \ F.S.A Banwell Vicara
Somerset, for the Notices of Books.



TABLE OF CONTENTS OF VOL. XXIV.



Page



Proceedings at the Annual Spring Meeting at Winter-
bourne, Almondsbury, Over Court, and Westbury-
on-Trym, June 6th. igoi

Proceedings at the Annual Summer Meeting, at
Chipping Campden, August 20th, 21st, and 22nd, 1901

The Halleway Chauntry at the Parish Church of All
Saints, Bristol, and the Halleway Family

Bristol City Coat of Arms

The Family of Catchmay

A Note on Hidcote House .

Aust. the Place of Meeting

The Hospital of St. John, Bristol .

Notices of Publications

In Memoriam : The Bishop of Clifton; Henry George
Madan ; Henry Duncan Skrine



Sir John Fortescue, buried at Ebrington
shire .......



, Gloucester



The Grammar School, Campden .

Heraldry in Red Lodge. Bristol

Aust and Wiclif ..... . .

Bristol Archaeological Notes for 1901 — 2 .

Remains of a Roman Villa discovered at Brislington
Bristol, December, 1899 .....

The High Cross at Gloucester ....

The Maces, Swordbearer, and Swords of the City oi
Gloucester

King Alfred and His Family in Mercia .

Notices of Recent Archaeological and Historical
Publications .....

In Memoriam : John Bellows



51

74
136

156
159
172

179

189

193
251
262
267

274

283
293

308
330

354
^63



LIS1 I ILLUSTRATIONS.



Michael's, Win i drni



mi Wall 01 Tow i r

RWAY . tO i

I \ 1 1 rior, showing Tomb 01
Hickory S to fate

S.E. ( "i-M i of X.w i

I omb oi Sir Edw ird \m>
Lady Bradston



'.I VRY'S, Al MONDSBUKY

VEELE MONUMENl

Hoi \ Trini n . Wi stbi i \ South Vn w

Soi i ii Aisi e



Tomb of Sir Richard Hii i



r\ Coli



to

oined Ceiling oi i hi Gai e
Housi . . . • fact

- . Lawreni i 's Church : E \>i Knd

Abbo 1 Lichfii ld's
Chapel .

wlckhamford ( hurch : sandys' monumeni

Thi i

C,,ii i -..Mini-, Soi in A\"i - 1 View oi Church to face

M \kki : Housi ind Town Hall

MPDEN Ho i

Church : Navi



3

4
4

5
5

7
i i
I 2

23

25

'■7

3*
35

37
39

4i

I"

!'»
5"
52



LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS. Vll

Page

Chipping Campden — Church: Tomb oi Sir Thomas Smith 53

Hicks and Noel Tombs . 54

Ebrington Church — Tomb of Sir John Fortescue . . 59

Broadway — Ancient Grange of Pershore Abbey . . 70

,, Old Church ....... 71

,, M iddle Hill 72

Plan of Hayles Abbey, Gloucestershire— Plate I. to face 129

Bristol City Coat of Arms — Plate I. . 136

.." '37

„ HI. . 140

Section of Norman Wall between the Pithay and St.

John's Slope to face 274

Portion of Norman Wall between the Pithay and

St. John's Slope to face 275

Finds in Bristol ,, -79

,, Head-dress Pin 278

,, Iron Key 281

Remains of a Roman Villa at Brislington — Plate I. to face 291

.. II. ., 292



Bristol ;wo (6loutt*itn\'ilurr ^vrjhcolociiral ^orirtn.



PROCEEDINGS

At the Annual Spring Meeting,

At Winterbourne, Almondsbury, Over Court, and
Westbury-on-Trym,

Thursday, June 6th, 7901.



The weather was delightfully fine, and there was a good
attendance of members, amongst those present being Alder-
man F. F. Fox (President of the year), the Lord Bishop
of Bristol (Vice-President), the Rev. C. S. Taylor (Hon.
Editor), the Rev. Canon Bazeley (Hon. General Secretary),
Mr. F. F. Tuckett, Mrs. Tuckett, Mr. E. J. Swann,
Mr. Claude B. Fry, Mrs. Fry, Mr. H. T. M. C. Gwynn,
the Rev. D. L. Pitcairn, Mr. R. C. Tombs, Mr. G. H. D.
Chilton, Mr. Francis Were, Mr. J. E. Pritchard (Hon.
Secretary for Bristol), Mrs. J. E. Pritchard, Mr. W.
Moline, Mr. James Baker, Mrs. Baker, Mr. H. Ormerod,
Miss King, Mr. J. H. Clarke, Mr. W. W. Hughes, Mr.
Arthur May, Mrs. May, Mr. C. Scears, Mrs. Scears,
Dr. Alfred Harvey, Mr. J. J. Simpson, Mr. John Weston,
Mrs. Weston, Mr. F. J. Hirst, Mr. J. Gilchrist, Miss
E. M. Baker, Mr. W. M. Llewellin, the Rev. R. C.
Colthurst, Mr. C. J. Lowe, Miss Lowe, Mr. E. A.
Prichard, Mrs. Prichard, Miss Roper, Mr. T. Sherwood
Smith, Mrs. A. H. Thompson, Mrs. E. J. Taylor, Miss
Watson, the Rev. W. T. Alston (Gloucester), Mr. \Y. H.

2
Vol. XXIV.



Transactions fok thk Year igoi.

Armitagb, Miss Armitage, Mr.W. E. Baxter, Mrs. Baxter,
Mr. St. Clare Baddeley, the Rev. W. Bagnall-Oakele^
□mouth), Mrs. Bagnall-Oakeley, Mr. Arthur Cock-
shot:. Mrs. R. Child, Mr. F. G. Cullis, the Rev. W. H.
Silvester Davies iStroud), the Rev. J. Dumas (Chipping
Sodbury), Mr. C. H. Dancey, the Rev. E. W. Evans
(Beverstoiu- . Miss Godfrev, Mrs. Golding, Mr. C. E.
:.. Mrs. Hardy, the Rev. W. E. Howell, Miss Isake,
Mrs. [ebb, Mr. H. S. Kennedy Skipton, Miss Edith Madan,
Mrs. Miles, Mrs. Marshall, Mr. A. C. Mitchell, Mrs.
Oman. Miss A. Osburn, Surgeon-General Ringer (Chelten-
ham i. Mrs. Stables, Miss Stables, Mr. A. E. Smith, Miss
Smith, Mr. J. Dudley Scott, Mr. C. H. Stanton, Mr.
W. J. Stanton, Miss Stanton, Mr. C. Scott, Mr. G.
Oakeley Tower, Mr. John Tibbetts, the Rev. A. H.
Yi asi.y (Kemble), Mrs. Walker, Mr. D. J. Wintle, Mrs.
YVintle, the Rev. G. R. Wood (Almondsbury), and Miss
Woodward.

The Bristol section left Durdham Down at eleven o'clock
in breaks, and reached Winterbourne at noon, where they
met the other members, who were driven from Mangotsfield.

It should be mentioned, first of all, that the enjoyment of
the expedition was much increased by the excellent pro-
gramme which had been compiled for the use of members by
the Honorary Secretary, Canon Bazeley.

The first place visited was Winterbourne, which, at the
great survey, was part of the Royal Manor of Bitton. Henry
II. granted it to Richard Walsh, or Welshman, and it passed
by marriage with the heiress of Ralph Walsh to the
Wrokeshalls and Hadleys. John Giffard, of Brimpsfield,
unjustly deprived Robert de Hadley of it in 1323. Sir
Thomas, Lord Bradston, and his wife Agnes, held it
conjointly of Henry Fit/. Stephen in the time of Edward
III., Thomas, son of Robert and Blanch de Bradston being
r grandson and heir. Lord Bradston fought at Crtcy.
'i nor of Gloucester, he erected the city walls, and is
thought to have given the east window of the Cathedral in



WlNTERBOURNE. 3

memory of his friend and companion-in-arms, Sir Maurice
Berkeley, who died during the siege of Calais. Thomas de
Bradston held it of John FitzStephen, and died in 1374,
leaving a daughter, Elizabeth, who married Sir Richard de




ST. MICHAEL'S, WlNTERBOURNE.



4 riONS for i he Year 1901.

ir. Thomas, son of Edward, son of John de Bradston,

brother of the above-named Thomas, inherited the YYinter-

bourne estate in 1409. The Bradstons sold it in the time of

iv \ 111. to the Poyntzes. Since then it has had many

lor:

The Church of St Michael, Winterbourne, has passed through several

rations, and there are many pitfalls for the unwary student. It

consists of a nave with north aisle, rebuilt in 1S42, and a south porch, a

chancel with chapel and vestry on the north side, and a to transept-




. I WALL OF TOWER, WIN I ERBOU1 M
M. I ►, I'hoio.




SOUTH DOORWAY, WINTERBOURNE CHURCH

From a photo by M. Lavington.




INTERIOR OF WINTERBOURNE CHURCH.

SH WING TOMB OF HICKORY STERN
/ 1 1 I u. I ,:■, F. R G S



WlNTERBOURNE. 5

wise on the south side of the nave. An organ chamber, built on the south
side of the chancel in 1895, conceals many interesting details in the east
side of the tower. The church appears to have been founded about the
middle of the 12th century, and to have been gradually extended westward.




S.E. CORNER OF NAVE, WlNTERBOURNE.
M. Lavington, Photo.

The pilasters supporting the east wall, the priest's door, and the chancel
arch are Transitional Norman. In 1S56 the east wall was rebuilt and raised
two feet to admit of a loftier window than the original one. The Early
English south doorway of the nave is square, with a solid tympanum and



6 Transactions for the Year igoi.

rcular arch, within which has been inserted cusped tracery

nquefoil arch. The springs form circular shafts, having

re caps with conventional foliage and round bases. The tower

appears to be of two dates — Early English and Decorated, and the

'.-ribbed spire is said to have been rebuilt some seventy years ago.

The basement of the tower is connected with the nave by a pointed arch

v, ith good mouldings. The south window of the tower is Decorated.

rbels supporting the first floor are decorated with seeded roses.

r down, there are other remains of the 14th century wall-painting:

a knight in plated armour with a pointed bascinet, bearing a flag, on which

appear the arms of Bradstone : Ar. on a tauten gu., a rose ■ d proper.

ternally the tower is built of red sandstone with bands of grey stone.
The diagonal buttresses are enriched with niches about seven feet from the
ground. The tower has three tiers, the bells being in the uppermost one.

In the internal wall between the tower and the east wall of the nave are
two deeply-splayed windows, one above the other ; the upper one lighted
the rood loft and the lower the rood altar, the piscina of which remains.

The chancel arch is of early 13th century date. The chantry chapel on

the north side of the chancel, called the Manor Chapel, rebuilt in 1880,

ins five stone effigies and a brass: —

1. A cross-legged knight in studded plate armour of the latter part of

the reign of Edward III. His head rests on a tilting helm with the

Bradston crest, a boar's In ad couped and ducally gorged.

j On the same tomb is a lady with veil, wimple, and sideless gown
These two effigies probably represent Thomas, Lord Bradston, who
died in 1360, and one of his wives.

3. To the west of these, on an altar tomb, are two more figures :
a knight with a similar helmet and crest, and beside him (.4) a lady
ing a loose gown with no sides and a mantle fastened across the
chest with a chain, from which hangs a jewelled ornament. She has also
a small chain round her neck with a pendant. She wears the reticulated
head-dress, with a veil

These figures are thought to represent Sir Edward Bradston, a
descendant of Lcrd Bradston, and his wife.

5. To the north of Lord and Lady Bradston lies a lady wearing
a wimple and a long loose dress, with long sleeves, showing the tight
sleeves of an under-dress. This may represent Blanch, widow of Robert
de Bradston, and daughter in-law of Lord Bradston, who died in 1392.
This effigy was originally in the tower, and was moved into the chapel
when the organ was erected. Mr. Goodrich says tradition connects it
with Hambrook. The tower was restored if not built by the Bradstons,
and this may be the first wife of Lord Bradston. The Cooks, Ashtons,
and Mon.tuns held Hambrook in succession up to Henry VIII.



WlNTERBOURNE. 7

6. In the north wall of the north aisle, just outside the manor chapel,
is the recumbent figure of a knight wearing a pointed bascinet, a camail,
a surcoat cut away and very full in front, and a shirt of mail which shows
below the surcoat.

There is a tradition at Winterbourne that this is Hickory Stern, who
ran away with one of the Dennis ladies of Syston, and is the hero of the
glee, "Oh! who will o'er the downs so free?" The Rector has sug-
gested that it is Hugh de Sturden, one of the lords of the manor of
Sturden, a hamlet of Winterbourne.




TOMB OF SIR EDWARD AND LADY BRADSTON.
F. F. Tuckett, Photo.



In the manor chapel is a brass effigy of a lady wearing a veil head-
dress and a gown with pockets but without buttons. The kirtle beneath
has long sleeves. This brass is described by Mr. Cecil Davis, and it is
illustrated in Boutell's series. Mr. Davis thinks the date is about 1370;
if so, it may represent Agnes, second wife of Thomas, Lord Bradston,
who lived for some years after her husband's death in 1360.

The party were met at the church by the rector (the Rev. A. T S.
Goodrick, M.A.) After prayers, the rector said he had been asked to say
a few words with regard to the church ; but the architectural points had



Transactions for the Year 1901.

>cribed by Canon Bazeley in his notes that it saved him
(rum the necessity of displaying his (the speaker's) ignorance. Mr

had rightly said that the church had passed through several
rations, and there were many pitfalls for the unwary student That

ht was d jo causes, and the first was that he believed that,

though n. nal features of the church were preserved, there

oe that they could say was exactly in the same place in which

:ial stood Some had been certainly moved, and, as his friend
1 'r Crossman had pointed out to him, the tomb which tradition ass;
to Hickery Stern stood in an entirely different part of the church. They
learnt from tradition that it formerly stood partly inside the church and
partly outside, and it was said that the reason for that was that the man
buried there was either excommunicated on account of his evil life, or
communicated when at the point of death. The second difficulty in
studying the church was that they had absolutely no records. He knew
no church so important or ancient which could give them so little
information as to its origin or history as that one. The registers only
back to 1600, and they were imperfect. They had no record of the
multifarious alterations which had apparently gone on ever since the
early part of the last century. The churchwardens' accounts, from which
one often got items of interest to archaeologists, were deposited by a
predecessor of his, when going for his holidays, in a neighbouring farm,
and the same night the farm was burnt down and the accounts lost. The
members might wonder how it was that the church was so far away from
the village. It was partly to be explained by the fact that the present
village was a modern one, and there could be no doubt that where the
church stood was the centre of the village formerly, and the manor-house
here. In 1650 quarries were discovered and opened, and the road
was diverted to the top of the hill, and, of course, the population followed
its business and went there also. One interesting relic of the old village
was the old horse step at the old rectory, which had been built into the
pavement. A great proportion of the beaver hats manufactured for
London houses were once made in the village, and during that time the
wealth of the place was something abnormal. John Wesley, in 177"
made Winterbourne one of his preaching centres. With regard to the
successive rectors of Winterbourne, they had no record of those before
the Reformation ; but probably it would be in the register for the Diocese
of Worcester ; but he had not had time to hunt up the matter. It might
be interesting, as they had the Bishop of Bristol with them, to tell them
that the first Bishop of Bristol died as Rector of Winterbourne His
dame was Bush, and he came to Winterbourne to end his days. At the
• the iSth century the cold hand of plurality was laid upon
Winterbourne, and it was held with St. George, St Philip and Jacob, and



Almondsbury. 9

the Chancellorship of the Diocese of Bristol. Afterwards it was bought
by St. John's College, Oxford. Among the rectors had been Dr. Allen,
Canon of Bristol Cathedral, and one of the original founders of the
English Church Union.

The Lord Bishop said the Bradston pedigree showed the number of
important heiresses there had been in it. He had there the six generations
which followed the surrender of the Barony of Bradston, when the heiress
married De La Pole. In those six generations only once did the son
succeed the father ; in all the other cases the heiress married into other
families.

On the proposition of Mr. F. F. Fox, a vote of thanks was passed
to the Rev. A. T. S. Goodrick for his remarks and for having permitted
them to visit the church.

The party then proceeded to inspect the church, and great interest was
taken in the Chantry Chapel, on the north side of the chancel, called
the Manor Chapel (re-built in 1880), which contains the tombs and effigies
of Thomas Lord Bradston and his wife.

The Rev. Canon Bazeley made some remarks upon the history of
Lord Bradston, who died in 1360, and was a retainer of the House of
Berkeley. Mr. Bazeley said Lord Bradston was described as " a most
remarkable gentleman, and a faithful servant of the Berkeley family."
He was the inseparable companion of Sir Maurice Berkeley, the founder of
three branches of the House of Berkeley, and he took an active part in the
war which led to the deposition of King Edward II., and though no proof
existed that he had the latter under his charge at any time, still he must
bear the suspicion of being an accessory to the murder of that King. This
Lord Bradston fought at Crecy, was Governor of Gloucester, where he
erected the city walls; and was thought to have given the East window of
the Cathedral in memory of Sir Maurice Berkeley, who died during the
siege of Calais.

The party then drove to Almondsbury, pronounced Amesbury,
which contains several ancient manors: Knole, Over, Gaunt's Erdcote,
&c. In 1086 Almondsbury formed part of the Berkeley Manor. The
manor and advowson of Almondsbury were given by Robert Fitz Harding
to St. Augustine's Abbey, Bristol, and they remained in its possession
till the Dissolution. The manor was then granted, first to Patrick Milo,
and secondly to Sir Arthur Darcy, from whose son it was purchased by
Thomas Chester, who is said to have built Knole Park, c. 1570. It has
descended from him to Colonel Chester Master. After luncheon, the
members paid a visit to Almondsbury Church. They were welcomed
by the vicar (the Rev. G. R. Wood), who said it was rather more than
twenty years since a similar visit was made to that church. No doubt
a great deal had been done to the church during that time, but a good



io Transactions kor the Year 1901.

more remained to be done. He should be glad to learn what the
Society had to say about the church.

The Church of St Mary the Virgin, Almonsbury, is cruciform, with a

: surmounted by a broached spire rising from the intersection of nave,

choir, and transepts. The following extracts from the Church-Goer, Rural

vol. ii , 253, 1S50, will prepare us for the changes which took place in

the last century : " I can recollect when the church was for the most part

an , the arches low and heavy, and the church disfigured by a Grecian

D which blocked up the fine east window. Within the last few years,

ver, the whole church and chancel have been extensively repaired

and altered to Early English; the east window, which is of three lights

with deep recessed mouldings and disengaged columns, opened, and some

good painted glass put in."— "A modern font, the gift of the squire." —

• Almondsbury Church was dedicated to the Virgin Mary, and conse-

■1 by four bishops in the year 1 148." — Rudder says: "The chancel

is handsomely wainscotted six feet high, with an altar-piece of Dutch oak,

ornamented with fluted pilasters and capitals of the Corinthian order,

and enriched with carvings and inlaid work by a good hand. The

Communion-table is of grey marble about six feet long." — " In the north

cross aisle, upon a raised tomb, is the effigy, as is supposed, of one

ot the Abbots of St. Augustin, without any inscription." — Hist. G

p. 224.

I.) sons has given a south view of the chureh in his Collections, pi xlvi..
uhich enables us to ascertain the changes made on that side. He also
gives a sketch of one of the E.E. tombs, with a human head and cross
and part of the inscription: "BlCtbaii: DC : GibCllbaill : UlTCVC :

Dc : HlmvnDcsbvr : . . . Hnic : JEvt : /Ifccrci." The Bishop of
Bristol suggested that the first word might be " Iohan," and Canon
Bazeley thought the fourth word was " Vicarius." This tomb is in the
N. transept, and there is a similar one in the S. transept. These have
wisely been brought back into the church from the churchyard.
In Bigland's G hire Collections, vol. i., p. 38, a view is given

of the north side of the church. It appears from this that the window
of the north aisle on the west of the porch is a modern insertion.

The north porch is Norman, and has a fine semi-circular headed

doorway with round shafts and cushion capitals. Above the groined

roof is a parvise or priest's chamber, on the chimney of which is a

Alcmond, from whom the parish is said to derive its name.

irs are lighted by a very rich miniature window. In the parvise

1 good chest, remains of Georgian woodwork, and part of an organ

front 1 arcades are new, and so is the screen in front of the

crossing. Many of the windows seem to be original, though much



Almondsbury.



II



The chancel is Early English throughout, with lancet windows, some
of which are quite new. The groined roof springs from brackets orna-
mented with conventional foliage and resting on Purbeck marble shafts
terminating in human heads. Above the east window is the small window
of an upper chamber. The whole appearance of the choir and presbytery




ST. MARY'S, ALMONDSBURY.
11. Ormerod, Photo.



Transactions for the Year 1901.

. good ; but the restoration is so thorough that it is difficult.
ul examination, to say hew much is new and how much is

In 1 ; -,le is a tine Elizabethan tomb, with stone canopy supported

columns and two pilasters about five feet high. On a slab
recline the life-sized effigies of Edward Veele, Esq., and Catharine, his
who died in 1577 and 1575 respectively. The male figure is bare-
headed, and wears enormous pauldrons, brassarts of several pieces,




VEELE MONUMENT, ALMONDSBURY.
F. F. Tuckett, Photo.

plate, a divided skirt of mail over trunk hose, jambs, genouillieres,

broad sollerets and spurs. The lady wears a Paris hood, stomacher,

and small ruff, full padded sleeves, sash, and very full skirt. His head

on a calf and hers on a wheatsheaf, crests of the Veele family. In

the three panels below the slab are the figures of one male and four

females, adult children of Edward and Catherine Veele, with initials.

were — Edward, Margaret, w. of Anthony Bradston, Elizabeth,

t Thomas I'ym, Agnes, w. of Thomas Elkington, and Susan, w. of

John

These Veeles were a branch of the Tortwor.h family, and tl



Over Court. 13

pedigree is given in the Heralds' Visitation of Gloucestershire, 1623, p. 172.
Catherine Veele was the daughter of John Holloway.

The Veele arms, as given in the Visitation, are: Quarterly of Six — 1 & 6,
Arg. on a bend sa. 3 calves passant or, Veele; 2, Quarterly or and gu. in the
1st quarter a lion passant guardant az., Masey ; 3, Sa. a lion ramp, doubly
queued or, Kingston ; 4, Gu. 2 bars and in chief a lion passant or, an annulet
for difference, Vyel ; 5, Arg. a fesse raguly gu. between 3 annulets sa., Torrington.
Crest : A garb or enfilcd with a ducal coronet gu. Motto : Face aut Taee.
Edward Veele was Lord of the Manor of Over, in this parish.

A drive brought the members to Over Court, the pleasantly-situated
house of Mr. R. C. Cann Lippincott, standing in a beautiful park, which
contains a herd of fallow deer.

The Manor of Over was given by Robert Fitz Harding to his third
son, Robert de Were, in 1195, and it passed to his son, Maurice de
Gaunt, who founded St. Mark's Hospital, now St. Mark's Chapel,
Bristol, to the Gurneys, Ap. Adams, and Berkeleys. Thomas, Lord
Berkeley, endowed two chantries in Almondsbury and built Over Court
in 1345. The manor was confiscated by Richard III., and granted to
Sir Thomas Bryan in 14S5. It is said to have been sold by the Bryans
to the Poyntzes, and to have passed in dowry with Alice Poyntz to the
Berkeleys. John Berkeley, about 1578, sold it to John Dowel, and it
remained in the hands of his descendants till 1743, when it was left to
the Rev. Mr. Degge. Various persons possessed it for short periods,
and in 1832 it was bought by the father of the present owner, R. C.
Cann Lippincott, Esq.

Mr. Lippincott thus writes of his beautiful abode in a little guide
printed for the British Association by W. C. Hemmons in 1898: — "The
house is pleasantly situated in a park of considerable size. The dining-



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