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THE



^ntjaeolodieal Jotttnat



puuLisuKU UNUi:ii THi: d:rkction



OF THE CENTRAL COMMITTEE



;^rcbaco(oaical 5nstttutc of Srcat 23rttain anlJ ]Irc!anD



FOR THE ENCOrRAOEMENT AND PROSECUTION



OF RESEARCHES INTO THE ARTS AND MONUMENTS



^f)t Q^ntX)) anti iWtJjOle glges-



VOL. in.



L O N'D O N :

I'CBLISHED AT THE OFFICE OF THE AKCHAj:T)LOGICAL IXSTITITE, 12, HAYMAKKET.

SOLD BY LONGMAN & Co. ; W. PUKERING; AND G. RELL.

OXFORD: J. H. PARKER. CAMHRIDGE : .1. am) J. J DEIGHTON.

MDCCCXLVI.



I OF THE ,^ \

IW8 2^^•«*



>xfi)R.d: pkinted by i. sukimpton.




CONTENTS OY VOLUME III.



Page



Observations in disproof of the pretended mar-''

riage of William de Warren, Earl of Surrey,

with a daus^hter of Matildis, daughter of}. Thomas Stapleton

Baldwin, Comte of Flanders, by William

the Conqueror

On the Tore of the Celts Samuel Birch 27

On the Cnmileehs extant in the Isle of Anglesey Rev.H.LonguevilleJones 39

On Crannoges,and Remains discovered in them E. P. S 44

Ecclesiastical Antiquities of the Isle of Man.) t t t-i ... ao

„,,,.„ A. f Rev. J. L. Petit 48

Cathedral of St. German >

On some remains of the work of William of) ^ g 59

Wykeham, at Windsor Castle )

Medieval Pottery J.I ''^

On some British Kistvaens (Stone Coffins) \

under the present church-yard of Pytchley, I Rev. Abner W. Brown... 105

Northamptonshire i

Antiquities found at Woodperry, Oxon J. W 116

Notices of Ancient Ornaments, Vessels, and] ,^^ , ^,^

,. (. , rp, ■ r'l r Albert Way. 121)

apphances oi sacred use— ilie Chalice )

On the History and Remains of the Franciscan ] y , VIW ip-s 141

Friery, Reading )

•St. Winefrede's Well at Holywell, Flintshire ... Ambrose Poynter 148

Notice of a Decorated Pavement in Haccombe)

<-,, , T-v 1 . f Lord Alwyn C( pton ... 151

Church, Devonshire ) ■^ '■

Observations on the Progress of the Art of>

Sculpture in England, in medieval times, | ^.^, j^ Westinacolt, R.A. 193

and notices of some artists, by whom it was I

practised ■'

On some arrangements for the Hanging of) t tt p O05

Bells in Churches without Towers )

Notices of the Priory of Southwick, in the) r> tx- tt /-« f>i i

•' ' \ Rev. W . II. Gunner ... 214

County of Southampton J

Towyn-y-Capel, and the ruined Chapel of St. ^

Bride, on the west coast of Holyhead | Hun. William Owen |
'Island: with notices of the cuiious inter- 1 Stanley, M. P. j ""

ments there discovered ■'

Some Notices of Records preserved amongst ) ^

the corporation archives at Southampton )
The Cross-legged Elligy at Horsted Keynes, 'j

Sussex: with some remarks on early eflfigies - W. S. W '2■^\

of diminutive dimen.Moiis J



4 CONTENTS OF VOLUME III.

Page



Ancient Chess-Men, with some remarlcs on
their
tume

Icenia: notices of Koman Eemains, and evi-
dences of occupation rRev. J. Giiun 246



icient Chess-Men, with some remarks on]

their value as illustrations of medieval cos- [ Alhert Way 239

tume }

}

On some Anomalies observable in the Earlier) ,, /, tt tt . i

o^ 1 /. T^ ,. , . , . t Avev. L. H. Hartshorne..., 28o

btyles of English Architecture )

Stanton Lacy Church, near Ludlow J. L. P 297

On some oblique Perforations in the Walls of| j tt p

Churches called Squints or Hagioscoiies )
The Castle and Parliaments of Northampton ... Rev. C. H. Hartshorne ... 309
Illustrations of Domestic Customs during the\

Middle Ages. — Ornamental Fruit-Trenchers I Albert Way 333

inscribed with Posies j

Observations on the Wait Service mentioned]

in the Liber Winton, and on the supposed r E. Smirke 339

Monastery of Sapalanda J

Original Documents: —

Inventory of Reginald Labbe, A.D, 1293 T. H. T 65

Extracts from the Archives, St. Paul's, London 252

Remarkable instance of the use made of the-i

terrors of Excommunication in the thir- [- W. S. W 343

teenth century j

Archaeological Intelligence, ob PnocEEDiNGS or the

CoJiMiTTEE 67, 155, 255, 348

Notice of the Meeting of the French Society \

for the preservation of Historical Monu- 1 W. Bromet 361

ments, June 1846 )

Notices OF New Publications 93,166,366

Shirley's account of Farney, in Ulster 93

Northamptonshire Churches, No. 1 97

Monastic Ruins of Yorkshire, Nos. 1 and 2 101

Petrie's Ecclesiastical Architecture of Ireland 166

Guilhabaud's Ancient and Modern Architecture 184

Walbran's Anti({uities of Gainford, Durham 185

Francis's History of Neath Abbey 273

Maitland's Church in the Catacombs 278

Gibson's History of Tynemouth 366

Lord Campbell's Lives of the Chancellors 373

IMaiiuals of Gothic Architecture 379

Recent Akchaeological Publications 102^188

Report of the Receipts and Disbursements of the Archaeological Institute 270



ILLUSTRATIONS TO YOL. III.



Those marked thus * are plates to be inserted in the places indicated.

*The Cloisters in Windsor Castle, from a sketch by E. Blore, Esq., frontispiece.

Tores of the Celts. Fourteen examples

Cromlechs at Plas Newydd, Llanfaelog, and Presaddfed, Anglesey . 41

Javelin with loop
Bronze pin with cup- shaped head .

*Tiiree Etchings of Peel Caslle and St. German's Cathedral, in the Isle of
Man .... ... . . 49,

Round Tower, Peel Castle. Masonry of Round Tower .

Masonry of building on south side of Round Tower

Cathedral of St. German, East end .

South-eastern pier of Central Tower, and details

Masonry of Chancel. South Transept

AVindow on North side of Nave

Masonry in turret of central Tower, and belfry Window

Window in outer Porch of Entrance Gate, and masonry of Gateway

Medieval Pottery, found in Trinity College, Oxford

Early British Sword of bronze and Stone axe, found in South Wales
Early British Vases from Furness. ....

Glass vessel, supposed of Roman date, found at Lavenhara, Suffolk
Late Roman Vases found at Tubney, Berkshire

Crosses at Carew and Nevern, South Wales
Runic Cross at Lancaster, and Inscription

Seal found at Giez in Touraine

Mayoralty Seal of London

Seal, found near Stoke by Clare, Suffolk

Four examples of medieval Brooches

Seal of John de Dufforde, found at Newnham Murren, Oxfordshire

Silver Ring, supposed to be Saxon, from the collection of Mr. Talbot

Enamelled armorial Scutcheons, found at Newark Priory, Surrey

Effigy found at Lewes Priory, Sussex ....
Liscription on leaden cist of Gundrada, discovered at Lewes
Portion of Inscription on incised slab in memory of Gundrada .

Afonument in St. Stephen's Church, Bristol, and Effigy on ditto
Sepulchral brass in Wyke Church, Hants

Carved Casement-mold, Abbey Church, St. Alban's

Die found near Swansea .....

Gold ornament found near Cader Idris ....



Puge



28—37

, 42, 43
47
48



51, 53
49, 50
51
52
53
54
55
ib.
57

62

67
68
69
ib.

71
72, 73

74
ib.
76
77
75
78



80
81
ib.

82, 83
84

85

86



ILLUSTRATIONS TO VOL. III.



Corrected plan of Roman Tiles at Wheatley, Oxon .... 90

Ancient Boat found in the barony of Farney ..... ib-

Hammer-head found near Lough Fea ...... 94^

Bridle of Bronze found at Lough Fea , . . . .95

Bronze Caldron, discovered in Farney, Ulster ..... 96

Higham Ferrers, Nortliamptonshire, Churchyard Cross, &c. ... 97

♦Interior of Higham Ferrers Church, Northamptonshire . . . ib.

Window, Priest's door, and Font ..... 99, 100

Site of the Ancient Church, Woodperry, Oxfordshire . . . . IIG

Iron Arrow-heads, Bone Arrow-head, Tweezers, and Bronze Pin,

Woodperry . . . . . . . 119, 120

Antiquities found at Woodperry ..... 121, 122

Fragments of the Ancient Church, Woodperry . . . 126,127

Monumental Slabs, Woodperry . . . . . .127

Border Tiles found at Woodperry ...... 128

*Tiles found at Woodperry ...... ib.

Golden Chalice, formerly belonging to Rheims Cathedral . . .129

Chalice, Corpus Christi College, Oxford . . . . .135

Chalices and Patens, York Cathedral . . . . .137

Chalices, Evesham, Hereford, and Chichester Cathedral . . .138

Brass of Henry Denton, Higham Ferrers . . . 139

West Window of the Church of the Franciscan Friery, Reading . . 141

Plan of the Church ....... 144

Moulding of the Chancel-arch of ditto . , . . . . ib.

Elevation of the Nave Arches, Cap and Base of Nave Pillar, of ditto . 145

Moulding of West Window, and Aisle Window of ditto . . . 146

Roof of St. Mary's Church, Reading, with details .... 147

*St. Winefrede's Well, Flintshire ...... 149

*Tile Pavement at Haccombe, Devonshire . . . . .152

Fictile V^ases found near Kingston upon Soar . . . . .159

Roman Gold Rings ........ 163

Incised Slab, Hexham Church, Northumberland . . . .161

Tomb of the Butler family, at Clonmel, Ireland . . . .165

Round Tower on Devenish Island, Lough Erne, Ireland . , .167

Fineen's Church at Clonmacnoise . . . . . .170

House of St. Finan Cam . . . . . . .173

Oratory of Gallerus . . . . . . .174

Inscriptions on Ancient Irish Tombstones . . . . .17-5

Doorway of the Church of St. Fechin . • . . .176

Windows of the Church of the Trinity at Glendalough, and of St. Cronan's

Church . . . . . . , . .177

St. Mac Dara's Church, Connamara . . . . .178

Doorway of the Round Tower of Timahoe . . . . T79

Church of Cormac, Cashel ....... ISO

North Doorway of the Church of Cormac . . . . .181

Base and Window of ditto, and Window in the Hound Tower of Timahoe . 1 82

Tomk^tgjie of Snibine Mac Maelhumai ..... Iho



ILLUSTRATIOXS TO Vol.. HI.



The Ascension of Elijah, sculptured on a Sarcophagus at Rome
The Sacrifice of Isaac, sculptured on a Sarcophagus at Rome
Sculptured Head from Hereford Cathedral
Statues from the entrance porch of the Guildhall, London



Bell-cots .......

1. Corhampton, 2. Littleton, 3. Ashley, and 4. King's Somborne, Hamp-
shire. 5. Northborough, Northamptonshire. 6. Little Coxwell, Berksliire.
7. Idbury, Oxfordshire. 8. Binsey, Oxford. 9. Manton, and 10. Little
Casterton, Rutland. II. Teuton ^lewsey, Hampshire. 12. St. Helen's, and
13. St. Michael-le- Belfry, York. 14. Godshill, Isle of Wight. 15. Cleeve
Abbey, Somerset. 16. Welborne, Norfolk.

"West front of St. Mary's Church, Portchesfer, A.D. 1 133— 1 153
The Font, Portchester, and Sculpture on it . . .



Page
193
195
197
204

20fi— 213



216



259,



Seal of the Priory of Chertsey ......

Views of Towyn-y-Capel, Holyhead, and Plan of Mound, with Chapel 223, 226,

Cross-legged Effigy at Horsted Keynes, Sussex

Ancient Chessmen in the Museum of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland,
Ashmolean Museum, Oxford ; and in the possession of the Rev. J. Eagles 241,2 f3,

Discovery of Roman Urns, Felmingham

Roman Fictile Vessels, Felmingham ....

Vase discovered at Bottisham, Cambridgeshire .

Turbinated- shaped ball, discovered at Allington Hill

Spear and Celt Mold, found between Bodvvrdin and Tre Ddafydd, Isle of Anglesea

Details of supposed Saxon Tomb, Bedale, Yorkshire
Sculptured Stone, Bedale crypt .....
Sculptured Crosses, at Hawkswell, Aj'cliffe, and Bedale

Seal of St. Wolstan, Bishop of Worcester, A.D. 1099 .
North-east angle of the Chancel, King's Wear, Devon .

Ring, Bredicot ; and Ear-ring, Bredon Hill, Worcestershire
Thumb Ring, found in the river Severn, near Upton

Early coped Coffin-lids, Repps, and Birchain -Tofts, Norfolk

Singular Ring, in the possession of the Rev, W. Sneyd .

Ring, found on Floddon Field .....

Inscribed Stones, found at Port Talbot and Pyle, near Swansea .

Plan of Neath Castle, and Seal of the Abbey of Neath, Glamorganshire
Encaustic Tiles discovered in the Conventual Church of Neath Abbey

Early Christian Inscriptions and Symbols, from the Catacombs at Rome

Stanton Lacy Church, Shropshire ....

Wirvdow, Caistor, Northamptonshire ....

Windows, Headbourn W' orthy, Hampshire, and Oxford Castle
Door, Stanton Lacy ......

Stanton Lacy Church, elevation ....

Head of Chancel-door, masonry

Squints, or Hagioscopes, Ashley Church, Hants
Crawley, Hants, and North Hinksey, Berks



214
217

222

228

234

244

246
248
255
256
257

258

ib.

260

261

264

267
268

ib.

269
ib.

275

276, 277

277

280—283

285
288
289
ib.
297
298

299
301



8 ILLUSTRATIONS TO VOL. III.

Squints, Otterbourne, Hants, and Irthlingborough, Nortliants

Minsler Lovell, Oxon, with Plan

Taunton, Somerset, and Newnbani Murren, Oxon

Kenton, Devon, and Ent'ord, Wilts

Bridgewater, Somerset, with Plan

Charlton, Wilts, and Gloucester

Plan of Northampton Castle

Ornamental Fruit-Trenchers

Vases from a Barrow near Wimborne, Dorsetshire

British " Penffestyn," or Head-piece

Enamelled Bead, found near Oxford

Fragments of Saxon Crosses, in the Museum at Bath

Ancient Stone Vase, found at Bath

Gold ring with talismanic inscription, found in Glamorganshire

Seal of Brembre's Chantry, Wimborne Minster, Dorsetshire
Seal of the Sub-dean of Chichester

Ancient Mazer, found near Hursley, Wiltshire

Votive Altar and inscribed Tablet found at Tynemouth

Second Great Seal of Edward III.

Seal of Tjiiemouth Priory ....

Arcade, St. Peter's, Northampton

Pinnacle, Howden, Yorkshire

Impost, St. Benet's, Cambridge ....

East end of Darent Church, Kent

Early English Capitals and Foliage

Decorated Capital and Foliage . , . .

Doorway, Adderbury, Oxfordshire

Early English Mouldings, Temple Church, London

Early English Corbel-table, Beverley Minster, Yorkshire

Perpendicular Tower, Dundry, near Bristol



Piige
302
303
304
305, 30(i
307
308

330

334, 336

348—351

352

354

356

ib.

358

360
361

ib.

367

372

373

379
384
387
388
389

ib.
390
391

ib.
392



THE



arcljaeolostcal 3fournaL



MARCH, 1846.



OBSERVATIONS IN DISPROOF OF THE PRETENDED MARRIAGE OF
WILLIAM DE WARREN, EARL OF SURREY, WITH A DAUGHTER
BEGOTTEN OF MATILDIS, DAUGHTER OF BALDWIN, COMTE OF
FLANDERS, BY WILLIAM THE CONQUEROR, AND ILLUSTRATIVE
OF THE ORIGIN AND EARLY HISTORY OF THE FAMILY IN NOR-
MANDY.

The Cotton Manuscript Vespasian F. xv. contains tlie Ni-
grum Registruni prioratus de Lewes quod fieri fecit Robertus
Auncell, prior, Anno Domini 1444, which was formerly be-
longing to the earls of Dorset, whose ancestor had a grant
from the crown of the site of the priory of Lewes, and was
subsequently in the hands of Sir Edward Byshe and Doctor
Matthew Hutton, by whom it was given to Sir Robert Cotton.
Being of so late a date the narrative portion of its contents is
utterly unworthy of being considered as any authority, and
the assertion it contains that William de Warren, the founder,
was made earl of Surrey by AVilliam the Conqueror, and that
he married his daughter, is disproved by the charter, copied
from another register of Lewes (which was in the possession
of John Sclden, Esquire, in 1049, and doubtless of earlier
date) by Dugdale, and printed in the oNlonasticon in 1655.
In neither of these repositories is there any copy of the original
charter of foundation, which had been sent to the abbey of
Cluny, in Bin-gundy, to which this i)riory was a cell, by reason
of the refusal of Hugh, the abbot, to send over monks until
he had received the said charter, and had obtained the king's
license for their admission into England.

The first endowment made during the reign of William the
Concpieror is now only to be collected from the entries of its
possessions in Domesday book, and from an original charter of
that king, which is presei-ved in the Cottonian manuscript,
Vespasian F. Ill fol. 1, now in part illegible, omng to decay



-i OBSERVATIONS IN DISPROOF OF

and the application of some cliemical mixture, with a view to
render the writing distinct. In the new edition of the Monas-
ticon is a copy of this charter, with the words fihce mese after
Gonfredce, as part of the original ; but, in fact, erroneously,
as they are interlined in a modern hand of the fifteenth cen-
tury. In another Cotton MS., Vespasian E. 11, is an early
fragment of a register of Lewes, which, under the heading
Conies vetus, details the possessions of Lewes, which are con-
firmed by this royal charter in this form : —

Willelmus comes primus, concedente filio suo secundo Comite, dedit
nobis pro anima Gundrade uxoris sue Waltuna cum pertinentiis suis, sci-
licet, dimidiam Walpolam et terram de Chenewica et terram Brunsuen.
Keddit sancto Pancratio viii libras cum x solidis, quos accrevit Ranulfus
Decanus quando placitavit contra Achi. Godwinus diaconus reddit xx soli-
dos de terra sua et Stangelinus junior et Mainerius filius ejus xx solidos.
Stangelinus presbiter de Limea reddit pro terra sua xvi libras. Godricus
miles de Walsocba reddit xx solidos pro terra sua. Ceteri homines nostri de
Walsocha pertinent ad Waltunam et hoc quod reddunt est in firma de Wal-
tuna, et tercia pars de Anamera, que nostra est, pertinet ad Waltunam et
redditus ejus est in firma de Waltuna. In Wella piscatores reddunt ix
solidos et ceteri homines nostri reddunt et pertinent ad Waltunam. Wal-
tuna et quicquid habemus infra Maresia reddunt Ix et xi libi-as et x solidos.

The charter of William the Conqueror is apparently as
follows : —

Notum sit presentibus et futuris quod ego Willelmus (gratia Dei) rex
Anglorum concedo monasterio Sancti Pancratii quod si + ta est apud Leuuas
pro anima domini et antecessoris mei regis eduuardi et pro anima patris mei
comitis + Rotberti et pro mea ipsius anima et uxoris mee Matildis regine et
filiorum atque successorum meorum et pro anima-}- Guillelmi de uuarennaet
uxoris sue Gon (dra) de (pro me et heredibus meis) quandam mansionem
nos-f-tram nomine Waltonam cum omnibus que ad eandem mansionem per-
tinent, que Willelmus ac illam mansionem tenet -f-de me. Concedo etiam
ut monachi in eodem monasterio conversantes et conversaturi ea libertate
pos-1- side ant, qua ecclesie, quas barones mei, me concedente, construunt,
possident, elemosinas, quas ego eis concessi. + Et ita quod ego in ista elemosina
habeam quicquit in illis habeo. Et ut donatio hec firma et inconcussa-f-per-
petuo maneat signo sancte crucis manu propria confirmavi et manibus fide-
lium meorum testificandam-i-liberavi.

S. Wil + lelmi Regis. S. Rob + berti (filii Regis.) S. Willelmi -1- filii
Regis. S. Hainrici-f filii Regis. S. Willelmi de + Warenna. S. Tho^me
archicpiscopi . S. Os-j-mundi episcopi. S. Wauche -{- lini episcopi. S.
Remigii-|-episcopi. S. Willelmi -{- episcopi Dunelmensis. S. Hain-|-rici.
S. Richardi + de Ton(ebrige) (S. Alani + comitis Britannic) S. Walteri-f
Giifardi. S. Eduuardi -|-vicecomitis. S. Milonis -|- Crispini.



THE PRETENDED MARRIAGE OF WILLIAM DE WARREN. 3

The manor given by this charter is in Norfolk, and lias
now the name of West Walton or Walton Prior, and is situate
in the hundred and half of Freebridge, in Marshland, on the
banks of the Wisbeach river, and is thus described in Domes-
day, under the heading Terra: AVillelmi de Warrenna, fo. 150
— 160 b. Ilund. et dim. Fredrebmge.

Waltuiia tenuit Toche liber homo tempore regis eduuardi. Modo tenet
Sanctus Petrus. iiii carucatse terrse, semper ix villani, &c. Tota valet xvii
libras et x solidos. Tota habet iiii leugas in longo et ii quarentenas in lato,
quicumque ibi teneat, et rcdit ii solidos de gelto de xx solidis. Hoc est de
feudo Fedrici.

This notification applies to all the lands that were held
by the Saxon Toche ; and in Domesday, under Terra) Willelmi
de Warene, in Cambridgeshire, f. 196 b, we have this state-
ment of his degi-ee of affinity to William de Warene.

In Trepeslav Hundredo. In Trumpinton tenet Willelmus iiii hidas et
dimidiam. Terra est v carucarum. In dominio sunt ii^ et ix villani cum
iiii bordariis habentes iii carucas. Ibi i molinum de xx solidis. Pratum v
carucarum. Pastura ad pecora villas et iiii socos. Valet et valuit vi libras.
Tempore regis Eduuardi vii libras. Hanc terram tenuit Tochi de Eclesia
de Ely, die quo rex Eduuardus fuit vivus et mortuus, nee potuit dare nee
vendere, nee ab Eclesia separare. Hanc terram postea habuit Frederi,
frater Willelmi.

Domesday again furnishes us in the sm'vey of the lands of
William de Warren, in Norfolk, with the proof that this brother
of William de Warren was a Fleming, and this entry is of
singular importance in suljverting the fabled royal descent of
Gundrada, as a daughter of William the Conqueror ; it occurs
in vol. ii. fol. 169, b. Hundi'edum de Grenehou.

In Pagrava tenet Sanctus Ricarius i carucatam terre (de fedo Fedrici)
quam tenuit quidam liber homo tempore Regis Edwardi. Tunc iiii villani
et semper, modo ii bordarii. Semper in dominio i caruca et semper inter
omnes dimidia caruca. Tunc valuit xx solidos, modo xxv solidos.

In Acra tenuit quidam liber homo i carucatam terrse, semper vi villani
et i bordarius et iii servi et i caruca in dominio. Tunc inter omnes iii ca-
rucae, modo i. Silva ad xv porcos. Semper dimidium molinum. Tunc valet
et semper xx solidos, hoc est de fedo Fretherici. Wimerus tenet.

The monastery designated by the name of Scmctus Petrus
in these extracts from Domesday is that of Cluny, and that
under the name of Sanctus Ricarius had anciently the Latin
name of Centulum, and at the present day its site is the small



4 OBSERVATIONS IN DISPROOF OF

town of Saint Ricqnier, canton of Ailly-le-liaut-Cloclier, arron-
dissement of Abbeville, Departeinent of La Somme, being in-
clndecl in the pagus Pontivns, or Pontliien, in the diocese of
Amiens. In the chronicle of this abbey, printed by D'Achery,
in his Sjncllegium, is a copy of a charter of Guy, Conite of
Ponthieu, made at the solicitation of abbot Gervinus, anmien-
iibus Proceribus mece jjrovincia in prcesentia Regis Phili^jpi
MarcJiionisque Balduiui, necnon etiam princijnim regalis pal alii,
granting to St. Ricqnier the fourth part of a vill, called Outre-
bois, with these witnesses, signum Balduini juvcnis comitis,
sigmim Frederici, 8fc. Actum est hoc anno Begis BliiUppi im-
perii vi. Incarnationis Dominica mljcvii. In this the second
year of the reign of WiUiam the Conqueror in England, Abbot
Gervinus passed over to his court, and obtained from him a
confirmation of the gifts made to his monastery in the days of
King Edward, being present Ralph, earl of Norfolk, with his
son of the same name, who joined in this petition to the king,
as they themselves had been the donors. His charter has this
preamble : Bi nomine SanctcB et individiKS Trinitatis, ego
Guillelmus concessit Dei AngJorum Bex, ajfectii mei p)rofectus in
Domino, et prece compulsus Domni Abbatis Gervini Monasterii
sancti Bicharii, quod est sittim in pago comitatus Bontivi, niJiil-
ominus quoque hortatu amicorum meorum, Badnlf scilicet comitis,
necnon et filii ejus Badulji, annuentibus etiam unanimiter mea
eurice Primatibus, regio more concedo quicquid hi ambo, videlicet
pater etfilius^fratfumprcelibati Sancti devote concesserunt usibus.
Quarum igitur ecclesiarum vel mansionum, ut cunctis manifestetur
cognitio, dignum duximus in prcBsenti denominatim manifestare
scripto. Hcec est Sancti Bicharii terra in Anglicisfnibus sita
a Badulfo comite eidem Sancto tradita. The places named are
Sporle, South Acre, Custhorp, Cotes, Pickenham, Narford,
Swaffham and Gaywode, Earl Ralph by his wife of the
race of the Bretons in Prance had inherited the toAvns of Gael
and Montfort in Britanny, being himself probably a Eleming,
and died during the reign of the Conqueror. Pie was suc-
ceeded in his title of earl of Norfolk, by his son of the same
name, whose conspiracy in 1074 is fully described by WilHam
of Malmes])ury, in which Roger, earl of Hereford, brotlrer of
his wife, and Waltheof, earl of Pluntingdon, were involved.
At the time of the survey his vast possessions in Norfolk were
in the king's hands, and it is also probable that Prederic,
brother-in-law of William de Warren, was engaged in the



THE PRETENDED MARRIAGE OF WILLIAM DE WARREN. O

same conspiracy, as the whole of his fief had been transferred
to that ilUistrious Nonnan. At the same time the abbey of
St. Ricquier lost the possessions of their gift, and with the sin-
gle exception of the carncate of land hi Little Pagrave, there
is no other mention of this abbey at the time of this siu'vcy.
Sporle was subsequently given to the Benedictine abbey of St.
Florent at Sanmnr in the reign of Henry the Second, and it
was the site of an alien priory, dissolved in the parliament held
at Leicester 2 Hen. V. 1424, and made parcel of the endow-
ment of Eton college by Henry VL in the nineteenth year of
his reign. Pagrave was a berewic of Sporle or Spurley, and
divided between earl Ralph and Prederic, and hence the names
of Great Pagrave and Little Pagrave ; at which last was a
chapel in the i)arish of Sporle, now destroyed''.



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