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shaft admitted of two maces being laid across each other
on a cushion, usually of crimson velvet, on the table in
front of the Mayor, when sitting in court or in council.
On the flat plate at the top are the royal arms of the
period, and the lower end terminates in a flat disc on
which the arms of Tamworth, an elaborate fleur-de-lis,
are displayed. The advantage of this flat end is, that
when on special occasions the Mayor or his attendants
remained standing, the mace can be easily held erect, the
flat disc at the end forming a support upon the table.
The head, or bowl, is adorned with the emblems of the
three divisions of the United Kingdom, with the fleur-
de-lis for France. These emblems have each the royal
crown over, and the initials " C. R." on each side.
These four symbols are separated by four caryatides, or
demi-figures, probably genii. These figures are armless,
but they are compensated by the addition of wings, and
their bodies terminate gracefully in foliage. The mean-
ing of these figures can now only be conjectured. In the
Tamworth examples the heads are unadorned, but in a



BOROUGH SEALS AND CIVIC MACES. 243

very fine Stratford specimen of the same date, the figures
are wearing what is called the celestial crown.

As time wore on, the length and weight of the mace
generally increased with the wealthier boroughs. With
some, however, hampered probably by lack of funds, the
former conditions remained with slia'ht alteration. Thus
ni a very simple one of Flint Borough, the bars of crown
are plain, with a bead top. The circlet is simply a series
of arrow-heads ; the bowl is plain, the staff also plain,
with two projecting knops and a large bead end. The
flat top of bowl has the arms of William and Mary, with
curious combined monogram one side and the double R
on the other. With most of the maces from this time
onward, until the revival commenced some thirty years
ago, the leading principles of construction adopted in the
earlier examples became relaxed. Later maces are 4 ft.
in length, or even more ; the number of knops or pro-
jecting bands is greater, the head is enlarged, and
becomes shaped like the body of a drinking-vessel. It
is not indeed uncommon for corporation maces of the
Queen Anne period to be so arranged that the bowl or
head shall detach from the main column, and then screw
into a foot specially provided, so that it may be used as a
" loving cup" at the indispensable civic banquet. The
lower end of the mace at this epoch is also swelled out,
so as to form a bold corresponding figure to the crowned
head at the opposite extremity. The flat disc at the
lower end was also replaced by a pointed ornament,
whose only use was to complete the form, and which was
much more liable to injury. The style of the mace sunk
to its lowest level in the huge and corpulent examples
of the Georgian period.

I have finished my parable. It is not well or neces-
sary to refer to modern maces before a society of anti-
quaries, but I will say this : It is to the research and to
the interest shown in the work of the past in this par-
ticular department of art industry that we owe a revival
which bids fair to give new life to an old and important
symbol of corporate authority. Antiquaries have done
much important work in this direction, and have thus
given meaning and direction to artistic studies. The



244



BOROUGH SEALS AND CIVIC MACES.



designer has learned from them the lessons of past ages,
and I am fain to believe that the revival in this depart-
ment of art manufacture is real and genuine ; that it is
going upon correct lines ; and that another century will
be able to look back upon this for a series of historic
maces of which the maker and the artist need not be
ashamed.




SOME NEW CONTRIBUTIONS TOWARDS

THE HISTORY OF THE BENEDICTINE ABBEY

OF BURTON-ON-TRENT, Co. STAFFORD.

BY W. DE G. BIKCII, LL.D., F.S.A.
{Read loth August, 1895.)

HE history of this important abbey has
been written by many people in many
ways. Yet there are several original
records which have been overlooked, and
of these it is well that the future his-
torian should take cognisance, so I am
glad to be able to bring them into notice.

(1) Mr. Wynne's Chartulary or Eegister of the
Anglo-Saxon Charters of the Abbey, at Peniarth, in
N. Wales, of which I have printed about twenty deeds in
the Cartularium Saxonicum, and the whole will appear
in due course when that laborious work is finished.
This chartulary contains copies of deeds of a period long-
anterior to the date of the foundation of the Abbey ;
being, in fact, title-deeds of lands which the founder,
Spott, had acquired and conferred on the newly-
established Abbey in the eleventh century. The value
of these for historical purposes is very great.

(2) The twelfth-century Catalogue of the Library of
the Abbey, written on a single leaf of a copy of
St. Augustine's woi'ks.

I have recently discovered this Catalogue of tlie
Monastic Library, compiled in the twelfth "century by
the keeper of the Scriptorium. It is written on a fly-
leaf of Add. MS. 23,944, which is one of the Abbey
books.'



246 HISTORY OF THE BENEDICTINE ABBEY



HOS HABET LiBROS ECCLESIA BURTONIE.

I Bibliothecam in duobus codicibus .

I Omeliarium ab adventu usque pascha ; 'j vitam saucte Modu-

enne . ^ Bernardum super Missus est . in uno codice .
I Psalterium secundum Augustinum in tribus voluminibus .
I Augustinum de civitate Dei .
§ Augustinum super Johannem .
I Augustinum de sermone domini . ^ de x. cordis . ^ contra . v .

hereses . ^ leronimum super Josue in uno codice .
I Augustini exameron .
I Augustinum contra Julianum .
§ Augustinum de disciplina christianorum . -j ejusdem epistolani

ad quendam comitem in uno codice .
I Ptegulam sancti Augustini a quodam expositam . ^ Cautica
psalterii . ~} Hugonem de disciplina novitiorum . in uno
codice .
I Hugonem super ecclesiastem .
§ Gregorium super Job in tribus voluminibus .
§ Dialogum Gregorii . ^ Librum qui vocatur scintillarum in uno

codice .
§ Gregorium super Ezecbielem .
I Pastoralem Gregorii .
I Librum . xl . omeliarum Gregorii .
I Registrum Gregorii in duobus codicibus .
^ Ambrosium super heati immaculati .
§ Ambrosium de otficiis . ^ Hugonem de arcba Noe . •;) Bedam de

situ Jerusalem . in uno codice .
I Bedam super Lucani .
S Hystoriam Anglorum secundum Bedam .
I Item alium librum vetustiorem .
§ Decem Coll . patrum . -j Librum qui vocatur Faradisus . in uno

volumine .
I Vitas patrum .

§ Eobertum super cantica canticorum . -j Sinonimam Ysidori . ^
Librum Effreni . ^ Regulam sancti Basilii . -j Decessum Bede
presbiteri . in uno codice .
S Item Cantica canticorum . cujus auctorem ignoramus .
I Pronosticon futuri seculi .

§ Ailredum de omnibus Ysaie . j Didascalicon Hugonis . in uno
codice .
Speculum Karitatis .

Prosperum . -j Diadema monachorum . in uno volumine .
Miracuia sancte Marie .
Vitam sancte Moduenne . quam Martinus scripsit . ^ aliani quam

Briennius scripsit .
Item aliam antiquissimam .



OF BURTON-ON-TRENT. 247

§ Passionale Octobris . ■) Decembrii inensis . vitam saiicte Kate-

rine . "] saiicti Martini . in iino codice .
§ Sermones Yvonis Carnotensis .
I Leviticum glosatum .
I Anschnuni cii7- Dens homo .

^ Item Ansehnuni de processione Spirilus Sancti .
§ Rodbertuni de corpore et sanguine Cliristi .
§ Compotum Gaufridi abbatis .
^ Interpretationes liebraicoruni noniinuni .
I Quendam libruni de titulis psalterii .
I Vitani sancte Werburge .
^ Vitani sancti Edwavdi .
^ Vitam sancti Basilii .
i Vitam sancti Blasii .
I A^itani sancti Nicholai .

^ Vitam sancti Johannis eleymonis . j lilnuni cjui vocal ur
dominns vohisciun . ~j Vitam sancti Dunsiani . N'itam sancti
Leonardi .
§ Tassionem sancte Agathe et aliorum in magno ([ualerniune .
I Vitam sancte Marie Egiptiace versibus insiguitam .
I Aratorem super actus apostolorum .
^ Sinonimam Ysidori in parvo libro .

Sex libros sententiarum qui fuerunt Bernardi abliatis .

Duo eapitularia vetusta .

Ymnarium cum aui'eis litteris .

Kpistula.s apostolorum canonicas .

Omeliarium vetustissimum .

Sermones pascbales sancti Cesarii .

Ernahhim de villico ini(piitatis .

Martirologia Vetera duo . ~} unum novum .

Regulas duas \etustas .

Omeliarium Anglicurn .

Psalterium Anglicum .

Passionale Anglicum ,

Dialogum (xregorii . -j Historiam Anglorum . anglicam .
I ApoUonium Anglicum .

Evangelistas Anglicas .

Ymnarium Anglicum .
^ Hugonem Abl)atem liadingensem de quibusdam iiucstiouibus

(3) A collection of many orig-inal cliarters, relatino- to
and belonging to Burton, is contained in the recently-
purchased collection o\' Stoive MSS. in the British Museum
formerly belongino- to Astle, the anti(|uary, and later
to the Earl of Ashburnham. T have incorporated with
them notices of other original deeds in the British

1896 1!'



'248 HISTORY OF THE BENEDICTINE ABBEY

Museum (adding thereto notice of one in private hands),
and arranged them all in a chronological order,

Stowe Chakter, No. 102. Post a.u. 1114. Latin.

Grant by the abbot G[eoffrey] and the monks of Burton
-on-Trent to Orm, of land in Stratton, i.e., Stretton, co. Staff.,
on the same terms as he had hekl it from abbot Nigel, Witnesses :
the chapter of the Abbey, viz., Edwin, prior, Edric, Diirand, and
other monks, also William .A'/i^t-s Herbert, William //ii^s Nigil, Fulch
fillus Gaswal, Eobert Jilius Walchelin, Herbert, " nepos " of the
abbot, Ralph de Stapenhill, co. Derb., etc.



Additional Charteu, No. 27,313. Circ. a.d. 1120-1126.

Latin.

Covenant between Robert de Fereres [or Ferrers] and Geoffrey,
abbot of Burton-on-Trent, whereby the former constitutes himself
protector of the church, and grants to the monks of Burton leave to
have two carts for drawing firewood in Neidwode, i.e., Needwood,
receiving from them a wood between Balca and Watsaches Broc
for 205/1. yearly. First made in tStutesberi, or Tutbury, Castle ;
afterwards confirmed in the Chapter of Burton. Witnesses:
Robert l*eche, Bishop of Chester [Cov. and Lichf.], William l*everel,
whom the King sent to arrange this concord, and others.



Stowe Charter, No. 103. a.d. 1133. Latin.

Lease by Geoffrey, abbot, and the convent of l>urton[-on-Trent]
to Roger, brother of the monk Gerald, of a house in Burton,
formerly hehl by Frawin, and land in Stratton, i.e., Stretton,
CO. Staff., given to the cliurcli by Alan filitis Fladald, and in
Vulrichestone, i.e., Wolston, co. Warwick, given to the church
in abbot Nigel's time by domina Adeliza, i.e., widow of Henry I.,
on obligation to build a house, chamber, and other edifices on the
latter land, and for other services. Witnesses : the chapter of the
abbey, viz., Edwin, prior, Jordan, sub-prior, Edric, Durand, Godric,
Teodric, Gerald, AVilliam, Briennius,^ and other monks, also Alwin,
presbiter, Herbert, "nepos" of the abbot, Frodm[und], Alric,
"cook," Ragenald, Aluric, " pistor," Ehnel, " pistor," Ascehn,
" faber," Elgelram, " portarius."

^ Author of one of tlie lives of St. Modwenna, Patroness, as men-
tioned in the list of the Abbey library.



OF BURTON-ON-TKENT. 249

8iR KoBERT (jRkslky's C'hartkrs AT Drak?:lo\v, No. 2.

Grant by Bernard, al)bot/ and the Abbey of Jjurtou-on-Trent, to
llobert de Gresele, of the land of Deri.', i.e., Darlaston by Stone,
CO. Staff"., to hold in fee, and heritage each year for fifty-two
shillings ; and of the service of Ralph de Caldewalle for five
shillings to be paid yearly, and for the free service of liis body ;
half the rent to be paid on St. John Baptist's day (24 June), and
half on St. Martin's (11 Nov.). In return for this grant, Kobert
and his heirs owe homage and fealty to the Abbey and Church of
Burton. \V' itnesses : First, the Chapter itself, Jordan, ])rior, Martin,
VVni. de Duninton. Richard, Richard, Richard William, William
and the rest of the monks. A^ext, Robert, priest t»f Staph.' i.e.,
Stapenhill ; Wm. de (Jrocheshani, Nicholas, chaplain. Waiter de
Sumervill, Walter de Muntgumbere, etc.



Stowe Charter, No. 104. a.d. 1160-1175. Latin.

Grant by Bernai-d, abljot, and the convent [of Burtun-on-Trent]
to Reginald d(; Sanc^o Albano, of land [in Stretton] formerly
belonging to Gamel de Stratona, i.e., Stretton, co. Staff., viz., five
bovatae of " warland " and nine acres of "inland", with other
lands and a pear-orchard, and land in Burton on wliich to build a
house. Witnesses: tiic chapter of the abliey, viz., Jordan, prior,
Ralph, " sub-|)rior," Martin, " sacerdos." Richard ii., Richard iii.,
Richard Enuin, etc.



Stowe Charter, No. 77. a.d. 1160-1175. Latin.

Lease by Bernard, abbot, and the convent of Burt(»n [-on-Trent],
to Richard de Bersicote, i.e., l>earwardcote in Etwall, co. Deri)., of
the land which liis father John had held of them ; with licence to
make a mill in Bersicote. Witnesses [on the back] : the Chapter
it.self, viz., William the prior, Owen the sulj-prior, ]\[artin,
William the " cantor," etc. ; also Robert tic Sta])enliell, i.e., Stapen-
hill, CO. Derb., Ailwin, chaplain, Reginald, chaplain. Ralph de
Chaldwell, i.e., Cauldwell, co. Derb., Leising de Brontestune,
i.e., Branston, co. Staff., etc.



Stowe Charter, No. 49. Late twelfth century. Lutin.

Quit-clai.m by Stephen de Bello Campo, i.e., Beanchanip, to
Burton [-on-Trent] Abbey of the village of Cotes, Colon in tlie
Elms, CO. Derb., which he had unlawfully seized. Witnesses : John
de Cadomo [Caen], Geoffrey de Wiverdestun, Hugh " clericus de
Derebi", Michael, servant to the prior of Tutesberia, i.e., Tutbury,
CO. Staff., etc.

1 Oh. 11 To.

19*



250 HISTORY OF THE BENEDICTINE ABBKY

Stowe Chartek, No. 68. Temp. Job. TAitin.

Lease by John ///«.s Henry //ii (lode de Tutesbiri, i.e., TuLbury,
CO. Staff'., to Kicbard jHim Swain de VVinsul, i.e., Winsbill, co.
Deib., of lands in Winsul, tbe rent to be paid ])artly to tbe said
Jobn and partly to tbe abbot of Bnrton[-on-Trent]. Witnesses :
Robert de Hursicot, i.e., Bearwardcote, co. Derb., Kobert de Lucy,
Itobert filius Ernald, etc.



Stowe Chaktei;, Xo. 55. a.u. 1188-1 1U7. fAitiii.

Licence from Nicbolas de Wilenton, i.e., Willington, co. Derb.,
to N[icbolas], abbot, and tbe convent of Burton[-on-Trent] to
strengtlien tbeir tisli-ponds at Finderne, i.e., Findern, co. Derb.,
promising never to build a mill tbere and guaranteeing tliem
against damage fiom tbe mills at Potlac, i.e., Fotlack, near Findern.
Witnesses: Mattbew, "capellanus" of Bauecwell, i.e., Bakevvell,
William de Verner, Robert de Stokeport, etc.



Stuwe Charter, No. 5(5. a.u. 1188-1197. Latin.

Licence by Robert de Toke to N[icliolas], abbat, and tbe convent
of Burton, to strengtben their fisb -ponds at Finderne, co. Derb.,
promising never to build a mill there and to prevent the mills at
I'otlac, near Findern, from injuring tlieir stews. Witnesses:
Matthew, chaphiin of liauecwell, i.e., Bakewell, William de Verner,
Robert de Stokeport, and others.



Stowe Charter, No. 5;5. a.d. 1197-1210. Lcdin. Seal.

Memokandum of lease held by Richanl, " clericus" of Fincknn,
CO. Derb., from William Melburne, al)bot, and the convent of
Burton[-<jn-Trent], of land in Findern, and of his resignation to
tliem of other lands therein. Witnesses, besides the whole convent,
Mag. Roger " seniscallus", ete.



Additional Charter 27,314. Circ., a.d. 1200-1210.

Notice by William Milburne, abbot of Burton, that the King,
i.e., John, has granted leave to tbe abbot and convent of Burton to
make a town there, and that all who accept burgages from them
in that street wliich goes from the great Bridge at Burton to the
new Bridge at Horningelawe, i.e., Horninglow, shall pay rent at the
rate of 12<^. per burgage; a burgage being defined as 24 x 4
perclies. Witnesses : Henry, parson of Etewelle, i.e., Etwall,
CO. Derb., Ralph, parson of Stapenhill, co. Derb., Adam Marescal-
lus, etc. Tlie abbot's seal is appended.



OF HUIITON-ON-TRENT. 251

Stowk Chauteu, No. So. a.d. 12U4-12:j."). Latlu. Two seals.

Declaration by Philip Marci [v. Magna Carta, cap. 50] and
Anna [Serjaffini his wife that they lease the village of Parva Dure,
i.e., Littleover, co. Derb., of the abbot and convent of ljurton[-on-
Trent] for life only, and that they have delivered to the abbot and
convent a copy of the charter by which they hold it, which shall be
valid against any contrary contention by themselves or their heirs.
Witnesses : Walter [de Senteney], abbot of iJala, i.e.. Dale Abbey,
CO. Derb., Bartholeniew, prior of Totesbiri, i.e., Tutbury, co. Statl'.,
William de Vernon, Mag. Stephen de liadecliue, Mag. Pobert de
Seka, Ilalph Grim and others.



Stowe CuAiiTEi!, Xo. 12:J. Temp. Hen. Ill (early). Ledin.
Portion of seal.

Lease by Poger de Huncedona, i.e., Hanson (orange, co. Derb., to
the monastery of Burton[-on-Trent] of several parcels of land in
Wythmere, i.e., Wetmoor, co. Start'., at an annual rent of a pair of
gloves of the value of one penny, for the improvement of their
kitchen. Witnesses : Dom. William de ( rreselega, i.e., Church
(Jresley, CO. Derb., " miles", William de Esseburn, i.f., Ashbourne,
CO. JJerb., seneschal of the abbot, Poger de Nortona, [? Nijrton under
Cannock, co. Staff.], Palph de Caldwell, i.e., Cauldwell, co. Derb.,f^<'.



Stowk ChartkI!, Xo. 50. Temp. Hen. 111. Ln/m.

N(»riFicATiON by William Seruelauedy, of Derby, of a least' in
liim by the abbttt and convent of P>urton[-on-'rrent] of land in
Derby formerly held by Walter, sou of William " tinctor", of
Esseburn, i.e., Ashbourne, which he with consent of Ynga his wife,
and Symou their son, wholly resigned iju setting out to the Holy
Land ; the rent to be paid partly to the Chamberlain of the Abbey
and ])artly to Pal})h de Frescherevile, i.e., Freshville, lord (tf
Alwaldeston, i.e., Alvaston, co. Derb. Witnesses : Thomas " juvenis",
of Derb)', AVilliani " juvenis", William de Chaddcsden, and Svukui
Kolle, " prepositi", of Derby, Thomas Chous. efr.



Additional Chakter, No. 2i,:>i,. Time of Henry III.

tJK.\NT l»y Nicholas, son of Nicholas, Km.. "I Wylinton, i.r.,
^Villington, ftt. Derb., to the church of St. ]\lary and St. Modwenna
the ^'irgin, at lUirthon, of land in the vill of Wylinton in fiank
almoign. Witnesses: D. Pobert de York, I). Norman de Suleney,
John de StepelhuU, seneschal! of Bnrthon, I). Pichard de \'enables,
Eobert de Cestresvria.



252 HISTORY OF THE BENEDICTINE ABBEY

WoLLEY Chaktkh, No. IX., 24. Temp. Henry III.

Release by Nicholas, son of Nicholas de Wilenton, of Potlac
Mills, CO. Derby, from rendering services to the Abbey, etc.
Witnesses: William de Vernuii, William de Mongomeri, Sewale
son of Henry, Geoffrey de Bakepuz, etc.



Stowe Charter, No. 61. a.d. 1223-1229. Latin.

Notification by Nicholns JUius Walkelin de Heiiover,ie. ? Rough
Heanor, near Mickleover, of a lease to him by Richard de Insula,
abbat, and the convent of Burton[-on-Trent] of land in Magna
Oura, i.e., Mickleover, co. Derb., called Crosforlong, with rights of
herbage in the wood called Merwinesvvode and of common pasture
in Magna Oura. Witnesses : Robert Jllius Walkelin and Henry
his brother, Robert de Tok, Robert de Bella tide [Beaufoy], Symon
de Sancto Mauro [Seymourj, Nicholas de Breideshale, if., Breadsall,
CO. Derb., constable of Thuttesbiri, i.e., Tutliury, co. Staff., etc.



Additional MS., No. 6688, p. 428. 10 Hen. III.

Fine between the abbot of Burton and H. Tuschet, concerning
right of common in Mickle-over, Mackworth, and Markeston.



Stowe Charter, No. 82. a.d. 1223-1229. Latin.

Lease by Richard flius Avicia de Branteston, i.e., Branston, co.
Staff'., to Elyas, "janitor" of Burton, of land in Branceston. Wit-
nesses : Richard de Insula [de Lisle], abbot of Burton, John de
Stapenhull, i.e., Stapenhill, co. Derb., his seneschal, Robert de
Bursicota, i.e., Beardwardcote, co. Derb., Hugh BuUoc, Nicolas de
Oxonia, Richard " miles", etc.



Stowe Charter, No. 58. a.d. 1226. Latin.
Award of the priors of Wirkesoph, i.e., Worksop, co. Notts.,
Pontefract, co. York, and Blith, i.e., Blyth, co. Notts., acting under
authority from Pope Honorius III, by which the vicarage of Magna
Owra, i.e., Mickleover, co. Derb., is assigned to the abbat and
convent of Burton[-on-Trent], on payment of seven marks to

" magister" R de Burton, Vicar of Magna Owera. Witnesses :

R[obert], prior of Lenton, co. Notts, H , dean of Ratford, i.e.,

Radford, CO. Notts., " magister" (lodfrey de Rupill, Thomas, chap-
lain of lUyth, etc.



OF HITRTON-ON-TRENT. 253

Stowk CiiAiiTKi;, No. r.'.t. 10 Ik'iiiT III, ;;0 Se|.l., \'22(). IjU'lv.

Fine from Richard [lU; Lisle], abbat of l)nrt()ii[-oii-Trent], to
Roger Le Breton and liis men of Rngliedich of rights of common
pasture, excepting their goats iind })igs during the acorn season, in
the manor of Magna Vure, i.e., MickUiover, co. Derby, and in I'arva
Vure, i.e., l.ittleover, co, Derb., and Innd in liasingerys in return for
tl)e right of clearing sixty acres of land in Syortegrave, near
Mickleover, subject to certain lights of free entry and pasture.
Made at Nottingham l)efore Hugh [de Wells], Uishop of Lincoln,
Ste])]ien de Segrave, Robert de Lexinton, William titz-VVaiin, and
William Basset, justices in Eyre, the Morrow of Michaelmas.



Additional MS., No. 6674, fol. 207. a.d. 1227.
CiRANT to the abbot of Burton of Freewarren in jMickle-over.



Stowk Ciiautku, No. 80. a.d. 1229-1260. Latin.

Agreement between Laurence [de S. Edwardo], abbot, and the
convent of Burton[-on -Trent] of the one part, and Eva, daughter of
Reginald, " prepositus" of Bronciston, i.e., Branston, co. Staff., of the
other, whereby the abbot and convent lease to the said Eva lands
in Bronciston (part adjoining Hykenildestrete, t.c, Ickneild Street)
for life, in return for a quitclaim by the said P2va of lands in
Sobenhal, i.e., Shobnal, near Burton, co. Staff., which came to her as
dowry from Jordan Jilius Herbert, her late lius])and, Witnesses :
John de Stapenhill, co. Derb., William de TatenhuU, i.e., Taten-
hill, CO. Staff., Roger de Huncedou, ete.



Stowe Charter, No. 125. , a.d. 1229-1260. Latin.

I^EASE by Laurence [de S. Edwardo], abbot, and the convent of
Burton[-on-'rrent], to Ralph, formerly chamberlain to abbot
Nicliolas [de Wallingford], of a house and lands which he had
formerly occupied in Wichtmere, i.e., Wetmoor, co. Stall'., and
Stretton, co. Staff., at the same rent as before, for his life oidy, his
wife Sybil retaining her dower in it if she survive him ; with a
grant to him of common herbage for six oxen, and a rent of twelve
pence to their daughter Matilda. Witnesses : Robert de Acouere,
i.e., Okeover, CO. Staff., Robert de Toke, John de Stapehull, i.e.,
Stapenhill, co. Derb.. seneschal, etr.



Stowe I'li.vRTKi;, Xo. 4'). a.d. 122!i-126ii. L<itiii.

Quit-claim by Thomas, rector of Appelby, i.e., Appleby, co.
Derby, to Laurence [de S. Kdwardo], abbot, and the convent of
Burthen, i.e., Burton-on-Trent, co. Staff., of tithes, Peter's pence



254 HISTORY OF THE BENEDICTINE ABBEY

and other payments formerly claimed by him from the abbey tenants
in his parish, including fourpence for every marriage ceremony.
Witnesses : Dom. Geoffrey de Appelby, Walter de Streton, i.e.,
Stretton, co. Derb., William, parson of Stretton, dc.



Stowe Charter, No. 60. a.d. 1281-1260. Latin. Seal.

Grant by Thomas de Maddelega, i.e., Madeley, co. Staff., to
Laurence de S. Edward, abbot, and the convent of Burton-[on-
Trent] of lands in Magna Overa, i.e., Mickleover, co. Derb., which
he had recovered from them at Nottingham liefore the Justices in
Eyre by writ of mort d'ancestov in 16 Henry III, 1231-1232; and
quit-claim of other lands in the same place which he had claimed
at the same time. Witnesses : Dom. Ranulph de Eerrariis [Ferrers],
Dom. Geoffrey de Gresel' [Gresley], Dom. liobert de 'I\>k, Dom.
Eobert de Warda, etc.



Stowe Charter, Xo. 101. a.d. 1231-1260. Latin. Portion

of seal.

Quit-claim by Matthew de Sobenhall, /.f., Shobnal, near Burton,
CO. Staff., and Matilda his wife, to Laurence [de S. Edwardo], abbot,
and the convent of Burton[-on-Trent] of all their land in Sobenhall
for the life of the said Matthew ; in return for a corrody in the
Abbey, viz., free serjeanty with food and clothing for his life, and a
bushel of wheat and half a mark of silver every fortnight to his
wife and children. Witnesses : Dom. Geoffrey de Gresel, i.e.,
Church Gresley, co. Derb., Dom. Robert de Tok, Dom Robert tie
Warda, Johnde Stapenluill, i.e., Stapeuhill, co. Derb., seneschal.



Additional Charter, No. 27,318. Latin. Dat. Morrow of
St. James Apostle (26th July) a.d. 1247.


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