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BRITISH MUSEUM.

*ARTMENT OF GREEK AND ROMAN ANTIQUITIES.



TER GRZEK AND GRAECOROMAN
BELIEFS;

.ATIVE AND ARCHITECTURAL
SCULPTURE,



lifornia

onal

ity



LONDON:

PRINTED BY ORDER OF THE TRUSTEES.

1 9 4 .
Price Three Shillings.






\

LATER GREEK AXD GRAEBO-R03! AN

BELIEFS, ^

DECORATIVE AXD ARCHITECTURAL
SCULPTURE.

IN THE BRITISH MUSEUM.



[Part VIII., Volume III., of a Catalogue of Sculpture in
the Department of Greek and Roman Antiquities, by
A. H. SMITH, M.A., Assistant in the Department.]



LONDON:

PRINTED BY ORDER OF THE TRUSTEES-

1904.



LONDON :

PRINTED BY WILLIAM CLOWES AND SONS, LIMITED,
DtTKE STREET, STAMFORD STREET, S.E., AND GREAT WINDMILL STREET, W.



NOTE.

IN this separate issue of the various parts of the Catalogue
of Sculpture, the pagination of that Catalogue as a whole
has been retained.

The substance of the former Guides to the Graeeo-
Ronian Sculptures, by SIK CHARLES NKWTON (Part I.,
2nd ed., 1*79, and Part, IT., 1876), has been utilised to a
considerable extent.

A General Index to the whole work, and Comparative
Tables, to show the present numbers of objects described
in previous publications, are annexed to this part.

A. S. MURRAY.

Febi-uary, 1904.



CONTENTS OF PART VIII.



LATER GREEK AND GRAECO-ROMAN RELIEFS;

DECORATIVE AND ARCHITECTURAL

SCULPTURE.

PAGE

Votive Reliefs 223

Decorative and Mural Reliefs ...... 240

SEPULCHRAL MONUMENTS.

Greek Sepulchral Reliefs 274

Roman Sepulchral Reliefs 288

Architectural Fragments of Sepulchral Reliefs . . 291

Sepulchral Altars 292-

Sarcophagi and Cippi (Introduction) .... 293

Sarcophagi ......... 296

Chests and Cippi ........ 340

Urns and Vases ........ 365

Masks 372

Panels and Disks 375

Fragments of Relief 378

Altars .380

Decorative Vases ......... 393

Candelabra 399

Chairs 403

Parts of Tables . . . _. . _^_ . . .404

Fountains 408

Sundials 412

Architectural Fragments . ...... 414



VI CONTENTS OF PART VIII.

PAGE

Sculptures of modern or doubtful origin, in the ancient
manner .......... 430

Casts of antique Sculpture 439

ADDENDA to Vol. 1 452

ADDENDA to Vol. II. ........ 458

TABLES AND INDEX.

I. The Museum Marbles and the Catalogue of Sculpture

compared ........ 459

II. The Elgin Boom Guide, II., and the Catalogue of Sculp-
ture compared . . . . . . . 462

III. The Grceco-Roman Guide, I., and the Catalogue of Sculp-

ture compared ........ 463

IV. TJie GrcBco-Roman Guide, II., and the Catalogue of Sculp-

ture compared ........ 465

GENBBAL INDEX TO VOLS. I.-III. . 467



LIST OF PLATES.



Plate XXIV. Votive Relief to Artemis Bendis (no. 2155).

XXV. Belief: Recumbent Satyrs (no. 2195).

XXVI. Relief: Slaughter of the Children of Niob

(no. 2200).

XXVII. Sepulchral Relief (no. 2274).

XXVIH. Relief : Fishermen finding a Dead Body (no. 2308).

XXIX. Vase with Vintage Scene (no. 2502).



TABLE OF ABBREVIATIONS.



The following is a list of the works which are most frequently

referred to in this volume of the Catalogue under abbreviated

forms :

Arch. Zeit. Archaeologische Zeitung. Berlin : 1843-1885. [Super-
seded by the Jahrbuch des Archaeologischen Instituts.]

Athenische Mittlieilungen. Mittheilungen des k. deutschen Archaeo-
logischen Instituts, Athenische Abtheilung. Athens : from 1876.
In progress.

Brunn, Denkmaeler. H. v. Brunn, Denkmaeler griechischer und
roemischer Sculptur. Munich : 1888-1899.

C.I.G. Corpus Inscriptionum Graecarum. Berlin : 1828-1877.

C.I.L. Corpus Inscriptionum Latinarum. Berlin : from 1863.
In progress.

Clarac. F. de Clarac. Musee de Sculpture. Paris : 1841-1850.

Dallaway. J. Dallaway, Anecdotes of the Arts in England.
London: 1800.

Elgin Room Guide, II. Synopsis of the Contents of the British
Museum. Department of Greek and Roman Antiquities. The
Sculptures in the Elgin Room. Part II. 1881.

Ellis, Town. Gall. H. Ellis, The Townley Gallery of Classic
Sculpture in rhe British Museum. 2 vols. London : 1846.

Furtwaengler, Meisterwerke. A. Furtwaengler, Meisterwerke der
griechischen Plastik. Leipsic-Berlin : 1892. [Eng. edition by
E. Sellers.]

Graco-Roman Guide, I. Synopsis, etc. . . . Graeco-Roman Sculp-
tures. [Second ed., 1879.]

Grceco-Roman Guide, II. Synopsis, etc. . . . Grseco-Roman Sculp-
tures. Part II. 1876.

Greek Inscriptions in Brit. Mus. The Collection of Ancient Greek
Inscriptions in the British Museum, by C. T. Newton,
E. L. Hicks, and others. 1874-1893.



Vlll TABLE OF ABBREVIATIONS.

Inscriptiones Graecae [a new edition of C.I.C?.].

Vols. I.-III. Inscriptiones Atticae [formerly C.I. A.}.
,, IV. Argolidis.

VII. Megaridis et Boeotiae.

XII. ,, Insularum Maris Aegaei.

XIV. Italiae et Siciliae.

Berlin : from 1873. In progress.
Jahrbuch dcs Arch. Inst. Jahrbuch des k. deutschen Archaeo-

logischen Instituts. Berlin : from 1886. In progress.
Journ. of Hellen. Studies. The Journal of Hellenic Studies.

London : from 1879. In progress.
Mansell. Photographs of Objects in the British Museum, published

by W. A. Mansell, 405 Oxford Street, W.
Mus. Marbles. A Description of the Ancient Marbles in the British

Museum. Parts I.-XI. London : 1812-61.
Roemische Mittheilungen. Mittheilungen des k. deutschen Archaeo-

logischen Instituts, Eoemische Abtheilung. Rome : from 1886.

In progress.
Specimens. Specimens of Antient Sculpture .... selected from

different Collections in Great Britain, by the Society of

Dilettanti. London: 1809-35.
Synopsis. Synopsis of the Contents of the British Museum.

(Numerous editions.) 1808-1857.
Vaux, Handbook. W. S. W. Vaux. Handbook to the Antiquities in

the British Museum. London : 1851.
Walters. Die Gipsabgiisse antiker Bildwerke in historischer Folge

erklart. Bausteine . . . von Carl Friederichs, neu bearbeitet

von Paul Wolters. Berlin : 1885.



BRITISH AND METRIC SYSTEMS COMPARED.

1 inch = -025 metre.
1 foot = -304 metre.
3 feet = -914 metre.



1 metre = 39-371 inches.



PART VIII.

LATER GREEK AND GR^ECO-ROMAN
RELIEFS; DECORATIVE AND ARCHI-
TECTURAL SCULPTURE.



VOTIVE RELIEFS.

THE Votive Reliefs catalogued in the following section
are, with a few exceptions (such as the recently acquired
relief, No. 2155), of the later Greek or Graeco-Roman
period, and are supplementary to those described in
Vol. I., Nos. 770-817. For a general account of the
character and intention of votive reliefs, see ibid., p. 302.

2150. Part of a votive relief. A bearded deity, Zeus, or
perhaps better, Sarapis (with doubtful traces of a modius),
is enthroned to the left, half draped, and wearing sandals ;
his throne is supported by a winged and lion-headed
Gryphon. Before it is a footstool with lions' feet. He
has a sceptre in his right hand. On the left is a female
figure, probably Isis, who stands to the front holding a
long sceptre in her left hand. The head is wanting.
She wears a long chiton and mantle, which is knotted on
her breast with an Isiac knot. Behind the figure is her
cow standing to the right, with the head turned to
the front, and a pedestal, on which are the feet of a small
statue ; the upper part is lost. On the right of Sarapis was
a standing figure on a smaller scale (perhaps a Victory),
of which only the right arm holding a palm-branch now
VOL. in.



224 CATALOGUE OF SCULPTUBE.

remains. The original width of the relief is uncertain,
but it was probably completed with a group of wor-
shippers, and must be assigned to the Hellenistic period.
Bhodes. Presented by F. T. Palgrave, Esq., 1891.

Parian marble. Height, 11 inches; width, 1 foot 2J inches. Taken
from a wall, into which it had been built, in Rhodes. Perdrizet,
Suit, de Corr. Helltnique, XXIII., p. 559; pi. 3, fig. 1 ; Amelung,
Roemische Mitt., XVI., p. 258. Compare the relief at Munich,
ibid., p. 260.

2151. Cippus, containing a votive relief within a panel. A
figure of Zeus, bearded, and with long hair failing on his
shoulders, pours a libation from a bowl on an altar. He
wears a long chiton, mantle and shoes, and carries a
sceptre. Before the altar is a bull, fallen on its knees,
and behind is a gnarled trunk of a tree. A moulding
passes round the top of the cippus.

Inscribed with a subscription list : Hora^avrov orjvdpia
Svo' | Hora.fjia.VTOv ^/iepojrdo-iov \ 'Ep/xoKpaT7j(s) MiSiou Spa(

<>' | Nei/cavSpos MCVIOXOKOD f)/j.cpoir6criov \ LOLKOS Ai

| lpov. The word i^nepoTrocnoi/ = drink for one day. This
is one of a group of reliefs of which certain members are
dated about the year 176, of an era which is doubtful. If
the era is that of Bithynia, they would be about 121 B.C.
If it is that of Sulla, about 91 A.D. According to the
style, the earlier date is preferable. Cyzicus. Presented
by A. van Branteghem, Esq., 1890.

Marble. Height, 3 feet 5J inches ; width, 1 foot 3} inches. Murray,
Rev. Arch., 3rd S., XVII. (1891), p. 11 ; Perdrizet, Bull, de Corr.
Helle'nique, XXIII., p. 594; pi. 5, fig. 2; Amelung, Roemische
Mittheilungen, XVI., p. 262.

2152. Votive relief. Zeus and a goddess (?). A headless male
figure is seated to the front on a stool with cushion and
ornate legs. His left arm rests on his thigh, and his
right forearm is wanting. He is draped in a close-fitting



VOTIVE RELIEFS. 225

tunic, and a mantle round the legs and over the left
shoulder. A female figure stands beside him, draped in
a long tunic and mantle. The right leg is crossed over
the left ; the left hand rests on the left thigh, and the
right arm, now wanting, is bent up from the elbow. The
head, attached by a dowel, is now wanting. Late Greek
work. Mytilene.

Parian marble. Height, 11 inches; width, 1 foot inch. Obtained
by C. T. Newton, 1855.

2153. Part of a votive relief, with three divine figures. In
the middle is a figure, probably Zeus, seated to the left,
with a sceptre in the right hand, and a mantle over his
knees. On the right is a figure, probably female, who
stands behind the chair, half turned to the front, and
having the right hand raised ; on the left is a figure of
Athene (?) standing to the front. Each wears a long
chiton and himation. The surface is much worn. A
pilaster remains on the right, and above is an architrave.
5th tth cent. B.C. Athens (?). Elgin Coll

Pentelic marble. Height, 1 foot 4 inches ; width, 1 foot 4 inches ;
Synopsis, No. 383 (108); Ellis, Elgin Marbles, II., p. 128; Mus.
Marbles, IX., pi. 37, fig. 3.

2154. Relief, perhaps votive, with Dionysos receiving a
libation. -The central group consists of Dionysos and
a Maenad. The god is bearded, and wears a long sleeved
tunic and a mantle, which is wrapped about him. He
carries a thyrsus in the left hand, and holds out a two-
handled cup to the Maenad, who pours into it from a
jug. She wears a long tunic, with a diploi'dion girt at
the waist, and a small scarf over her shoulders. She
carries a thyrsus on her left shoulder. Immediately
behind the Maenad, a large crater stands on the ground.
At the two extremities are nude Satyrs, standing out-
wards, but each turning inwards, with one hand extended,
and with the other hand carrying a thyrsus.

VOL. m. R



22H CATALOGUE OF SCULPTURE.

The ground below is nearly destroyed, and a moulding
appears to have been tooled away above.

A strong sense of decorative convention is shown in
the symmetrical composition of the figures (note especially
the alternate arrangement of the thyrsi), and in the rigid
treatment of the drapery. This relief is an example of
a tendency, which can be detected at Athens, to use the
conventional form of archaic art, with a decorative inten-
tion, at a period earlier than that at which archaistic imita-
tions became generally fashionable. The present relief
may be compared with the chair of the priest of Dionysos
(No 2709), but may be as early as the end of the 4th
century. Athens. Elgin Coll.

Pentelic marble. Height, 2 feet 7 inches ; length, 5 feet 8 inches.
Found among the ruins of the theatre of Herodes Atticus. For-
merly in the possession of N. Logotheti. Mus. Marbles, IX.,
pi. 28 ; Stuart, II., pp. 23, 45 ; Ellis, Elgin Marbles, II., p. 74 ;
( = Vaux, Handbook, p. 122) ; Elgin Eoom Guide, II., No. F. 1 ;
Hauser, Die Neu-Attischen Beliefs, p. 176.

2155. (Plate XXIV.) Votive relief, dedicated to Artemis
Bendis. On the right is a figure of a female deity. She
wears a sleeved tunic with a short skirt, and the skin of
a wild animal falling from the left shoulder and girt
round the waist, the mask being under the girdle on the
left side; also a long mantle, fastened with a circular
brooch, high boots, and a peaked Phrygian or barbarian
cap. The left hand is raised and supported apparently
by one end of a spear. In the right hand she holds out
a bowl, in the attitude of a person making a libation, but
here probably as pouring out blessings.

She is approached by a train of figures of a relatively
diminutive scale. They are led by two elderly bearded
men, draped in mantles which leave the right arms and
shoulders bare, and the foremost carries a torch with



VOTIVE RELIEFS. 227

a spreading socket. They are followed by a company
of eight nude youths, grouped in couples, and wearing-
fillets. These ai~e treated with much grace and variety
of pose. The first youth carries some object, perhaps a
torch-handle.

The relief is bounded by pilasters, and surmounted by
an architrave with acroterial ornaments.

The worship of the Thracian goddess Arteinis Bendis
was introduced into Attica and located at the Peiraeus
towards the close of the 5th century B.C. The ceremonies
included a torch-race (see Plato, Republic, p. 328), in which
racing horsemen, squad contending against squad, passed
the torch from one to another. There is, however, no
suggestion of horses on the relief.

A relief of the years 329-328 B.C. (at Ny-Carlsbergj
shows the goddess in the same form. The inscription
records the award of wreaths to the two managers
(tTrt/xeX^Tai), who probably correspond to the two elderly
figures shown in the present relief. The date is probably
about the middle of the 4th cent. B.C. Found at the Peiraeus.

Pentelic marble. Height, 1 foot 8 inches ; width, 2 feet 9 inches.
Bought, 1895. Mansell, No. 1473 ; Arch. Anzeiycr, 1896,
p. 143 ; Hartwig, Bendis, pi. 2, p. 13 ; C. Smith, Class. Rev.,
XIII., p. 230; Trendelenburg, Bendis (1898); Berlin. Phil.
Wochenschrift, 1898, p. 1227 ; 1899, pp. 90, 155. The form
of the spear has been disputed. There is no indication of more
than one, though the epithet 8i\oyxs (probably " with two
spears ") is said to have been applied to the goddess (Cratinos
in Hesychius, s. c.). There is no indication of a continuation in
sculpture or painting above the hand, and there is no indication
of point or butt on the ground. There is, however, a suggestion
of a swelling, as for the point, under and within the hand. For
the honorary inscriptions cf. Bull, de Corr. HelUnique, XXIII.,
p. 370.

2156. Fragment of a votive relief. Within a sunk panel are
the feet of a male figure, standing to the front, resting on
the right foot, with the left foot drawn back. Inscribed

R 2



228 CATALOGUE OF SCULPTURE.

with a dedication to Hermes and Heracles, by Horarios,
the winner of a torch race :

*A]0A.a TO. T^S viKr)<; 'Qpaptos 'Hpa[KXeiSou]
Aa]/u,7ra'8as 'Ep/m'a 6f)Kt /cat 'HpaK[A.i.

Athens. Elgin Coll.

Marble. Height, 5J inches. Synopsis, 298 (219); C.I.G., No. 250;
Greek Inscriptions in Brit. Mus., No. XLII. ; Neubauer, Hermes,
XI., p. 146 ; Kaibel, 943, who assigns the relief to the 2nd
cent. A.D. For such votive reliefs, compare above, No. 2155,
also No. 813. For the dedication of a torch to Hermes, cf.
Ant/i. Pal., VI., 100.

2157. The heads and forehands of four horses, moving to the
left, evidently a fragment of a relief on which a four-
horse chariot was represented, driven at full speed. In
front of the horses is the edge of a mantle. The jaws are
drilled for metal bits. On comparing this relief with one
belonging to the Duke de Louie in Portugal, it is evident
that this fragment has been broken off from a composition
in which a figure, whose mantle is flying behind him, is
represented running in front of a chariot, as Hermes runs
before the chariot of Hades, or in analogous subjects.
The present fragment may be part of a votive relief
commemorating a victory in a chariot race. Probably a
work of the 2nd cent. B.C. Pourtales Coll.

Parian marble. Height, 1 foot 4 inches ; length, 1 foot 6J inches.
Cat. Pourtales, No. 38; Bull, de Corr. Hell., XVI., p. 337
(Homolle); Grasco-Roman Guide, I., No. 179A; Mansell, No.
1218. For the De Loul6 relief, see Bull, de Corr. Hell., XVI.,
pis. 8, 9. For an example of Hermes before a chariot, see
Ephemeris Arch., 1893, pi. IX. ( = American Journ. of Arch., IX.,
pi. 12); cf. also vol. I., No. 815.

2158. Votive relief to Pan and the Nymphs. Three Nymphs
move in a sort of dance to the left. They are fully
draped in a long tunic, and a mantle wrapped round the
body and arms. The figure on the right, who also wears



VOTIVE RELIEFS. 229

her mantle over her head as a veil, holds her right hand,
wrapped in her mantle, near her chin. With the left
hand she holds the flying end of the mantle of the middle
figure, who advances in the same way to left. Her hair
is tied in a large knot above her head. The third figure
is partly broken away on the left. She was probably the
last, since her left hand is 011 her hip. At her feet is
a rough altar of rock. The scene is represented as an
irregular rock cavern. In the rocks, on the right side, is
a colossal head of the river-god Acheloos, though no dis-
tinctive attributes are indicated. The figures of Pan and
Hermes were probably on the left side. Inscribed : . . .
a.viOr)K\fv nan, Nv/x0ais. Work of the 4th-3rd cent. B.C.

Votive reliefs to Pan and the Nymphs, such as the
present example, have been found in considerable numbers
in the neighbourhood of Athens. The most complete ex-
amples show Pan, seated or standing in his cave, Hermes
leading three Nymphs, the mask of Acheloos, and figures
of worshippers. In abbreviated renderings Hermes and
the worshippers are omitted. Acheloos, who was regarded
as the father of the Nymphs, was associated with their
worship, as the source of water-springs (cf. Plato, Phaedr.,
p. 230). In one example he appears as a person instead
of a mask ('E(. 'Apx-, 1893, pi. 10). Koughly sketched
work, with types used in the later Attic reliefs. Athens.

Pentelic marble. Height, 1 foot 1 J inches ; width, 1 foot 8 inches.
Bought, 1895. Arch. Anzeiger, 1896, p. 143; W. C. Perry,
Women of Homer, p. 57. For this group of reliefs see Pottier,
Bull, de Corr. Hett&nique, V., p. 349 ; Furtwaengler, Sabouroff
Coll., I., pi. 28 ; Harrison, Myth, and Monuments, pp. 546, 547 ;
"E<f>. 'ApX' 1893, p. 135 ; Amer. Journ. of Arch., 2nd ser., VII.,
p. 301.

2159. Fragment of a votive relief, dedicated to Asclepios and
Hygieia. The hoofs and lower parts of six legs of horses,
and a part of a seventh, are preserved, probably part of a



230 CATALOGUE OP SCULPTURE.



chariot group. Inscribed: . . . v 'Ao-KX^Trtw KCU 'Y-y[ma.
Trapezus. Stranyford Coll.

Marble. Height, 6 inches; width, 1 foot 2 inches.

2160. Vase with votive reliefs to Asclepios and for a prosperous
voyage. The vase originally had two handles, but a part
of the body is lost, with one of the handles. The subjects
in order from one of the handles are as follows :

1. In sunk relief, Poseidon standing on a ship, with his
right hand supported by an oar, and with a dolphin on
his outstretched left hand. The ship has a curved prow
with a ram and terminates in a goose's head at the stern.
A suppliant, draped, half kneels before Poseidon.

2. A panel in salient relief, with draped figures of
Hygieia with a snake and Asclepios with a serpent-
entwined staff, both standing to the front, and between
them the boy Telesphoros, in cape and hood.

3. The inscription EvrrAoia croi evrvxfj, edSoiAt, and a
sunk relief, with a ship running before the wind, over
waves. A man in the stern holds the tiller of a steering
oar with his right hand and a brace with his left. In
the bows a smaller figure is engaged near the artemon,
below which a gangway is suspended. The tipper part of
the rigging is lost. EvTvxfi apparently stands for tvrvxot

4 (on the opposite side of the vase). A part of a sunk
panel, with a nude figure (perhaps Apollo), with long-
hair and a belt, running to the left. Inscribed : II^Siov
^fv^apiov TO) OToAw avedr/Ka.

The salient relief, No. 2, appears to have been the
original decoration of the vase, and the sunk reliefs must
be subsequent additions. The name Theodoulos occurs
seldom, if ever, before Christian times (2nd-3rd cent.
A.D.). From Halicarnassos. Presented by W. It. Paion, Esq.,
1901.

Blue-veined marble. Height, 12^ inches ; diameter, 2 feet 2 inches.



VOTIVE RELIEFS.



231



2161.



Votive relief, with figure of Hecate, standing. The
goddess is in triple form. Each body has a long chiton,
upper chiton and shoes, and wears a polos. The figure
on tlje left has a nail (?) and key (?), that in the middle
has two torches, and that on the right has a dagger and
serpent. On each side is an altar. Slight Graeco-Roman
work.

Parian marble. Height, lOf inches. Bought at Constantinople,
1877. Arch.- Epigr. Mitthcil. aus Oesterreich, V., p. 70 a.

2162. (Fig. 26.) Votive relief of Selene. A female bust, to
the front, is draped in a sleeved chiton. Her hair is
parted in the middle, and is brought down over her ears,




Fig. 26. No. 2162.

and falls in tresses. There are a crescent on her head,
and seven stars in the field round. The bust is in an
arched niche, which is surrotmded by the signs of the
zodiac in low relief. The pupils of the eyes are strongly



232 CATALOGUE OP SCULPTURE.

marked. The nose, which was a separate piece, is wanting.
Inscribed below with the unintelligible Gnostic formula :
Icua ' <f>paiv<f>ipi ' KavwBpa. ' XVKVCTVVTO. ' SwSeKctKtcrr^ ' 2a^8au>0
afiwOepo-as. The relief is late Graeco-Roman work. From
its position the Gnostic formula (2nd-3rd cent. A.D.)
seems to have been added as an afterthought. From
Argos. Presented by Col. de Bosset, 1818.

Reddish marble. Height, 2 feet 1 inches; width, 1 foot 10 inches.
Ellis, Torm. Gall., II., p. 156 ; Arch. Anzeiger, 1855, p. 72*.
The provenance is supplied by a notebook of C. R. Cockerel!,
who sketched the relief at Argos.

2163. Relief with Sarapis and Isis (?). Both figures stand to
the front. Sarapis wears a long tunic, mantle, and shoes,
and has a cornucopia. He has long hair, fastened with a
taenia, and beard. Isis stands to the front, holding a
cornucopia in both hands. She has a long tunic girt
under the waist, mantle, and shoes. Neither figure has
distinctive attributes, and they have also been called
Ploutos (Wealth) and Fortune. Ploutos, however, is
represented in art as a youth. Graeco-Roman work.
Presented by the Et. Hon. Sir Joseph Banks, P.E.S., 1809.

Marble. Height, 2 feet 9 inches; width, 1 foot 11 inches. Mus.
Marbles, XL, pi. 47 (" said to be from Athens ").

2164. Votive relief (?). In the centre is a bearded head of
Heracles to the left, crowned with a spray of ivy leaves
and berries. The lion-skin is knotted round his neck.
On the left is a term of Pan, to the right, holding a pipe
in his hands ; a quiver leans against the term. On the
right is a term of Priapus to the front, ithyphallic,
holding up a fold of drapery, full of fruits. Beside him
is an altar, laden with fruit (?). The whole is within a
moulded frame. Towneley Coll.

Pentelic marble. Height, 5J inches; width, 11 inches. Mus.
Marbles, I., vignette; Baumeister, Denkmaeler, II., p. 1004.



VOTIVE RELIEFS. 233

2165. Votive relief, to Priapus (?). It represents a square
cippus erected in a spot consecrated to Priapus, whose
terminal statue is seen on a rock on the left. Behind
this term are a Pan's pipe and a shepherd's crook, peduin.
The cippus stands in the middle of the scene. On its
face is sculptured a myrtle wreath ; it is surmounted by
a vase with heads of Gryphons projecting on each side.
Behind the cippus is a tree, and on the right another tree,
near which are a stork and a goose feeding. Two other
geese are turned towards the term, one of which is feeding
on a branch from the rock at its base. Geese were sacred
to Priapus. The relief is surrounded by a moulded frame.
It appears to be a Graeco-Roman work, based on the
landscape reliefs usually assigned to the Hellenistic period,
and may be simply a decorative panel. Towneley Coll.

Italian marble. Height, 1 foot 8J inches ; width, 3 feet. Restored :


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