British Museum (Natural History). Dept. of Zoology.

Catalogue of diurnal Lepidoptera described by Fabricius in the collection of the British museum online

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THE LIBRARY

OF

THE UNIVERSITY

OF CALIFORNIA

DAVIS

GIFT OF

W. HARRY LANGE



CATALOGUE



OF



DIURNAL LEPIDOPTERA



DESCRIBED BY FABKICIUS



IN THIS



COLLECTION



OF THE



BRITISH MUSEUM.



BY

ARTHUR GARDINER BUTLER, F.L.S., F.Z.S., &c.



LONDON:

PRINTED BY ORDER OF THE TRUSTEES.
I860,



LIBRARY

UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA
DAVIS



PRINTED BY TAYLOR AND FRANCIS,
HK1> I,IOX COrilT. FLEET HTRKET.



PREFACE.



THE present Catalogue has been prepared with the view of iden-
tifying the species of Diurnal Lepidoptera described by Fabricius,
by a comparison with the original type specimens, drawings, &c.,
of referring them to modern genera, and of adding some recent
synonyma.

Fabricius's descriptions are spread over portions of the five fol-
lowing works, with their appendices and supplements :
Systema Entomologiae. 8vo, 1775.
Genera Insectorum. 8vo, 1776.
Species Insectorum. 8vo, 1781.
Mantissa Insectorum. 8vo, 1787.
Entomologia Systematica. 8vo, 1798.

The British Museum received as a present from the Linnean
Society the collection of the late Sir Joseph Banks, which contains
the original types from which Fabricius described many species ; the
Museum also contains, by purchase at Milne's, Stothard's, and other
sales, several specimens which originally formed parts of Mr. Drury's
collection and are the types from which Fabricius described other
species.

Fabricius described some hundred species from a series of draw-
ings made chiefly from his own collection by the late Mr. Jones of
Chelsea, which were much consulted by the old entomologists ;
Fabricius always quoted these drawings as Jones's ' Icones.' They



IV PREFACE.

were formerly kindly lent to the Museum, and Mr. Doubleday named
part of the Museum collection from them ; he also made notes, as
regards the Papilionida3, in his copy of the ' Species General des
Lepidopteres,' now in the possession of Mr. Salvin, who kindly lent
it for consultation. Donovan copied many of Jones's drawings ;
these copies are now in Hope's collection, under the care of Prof.
Westwood, at Oxford ; and Donovan published some of them in his
* Insects of India,' China, and the South Seas.

For several years it was not known what had become of these
drawings ; but fortunately Prof. Westwood discovered that they were
in the possession of Francis Dawtrey Drewitt, Esq., of Christ's
Church College, Oxford, who kindly allowed notes and sketches to
be made from them for the use of this Catalogue, thus enabling the
Museum specimens to be named from a comparison of the original
drawings.

Fabricius described several species from the Hunterian Collection,
which is now in the Museum at Glasgow. Mr. John Gibson, of
Glasgow, and Mr. W. F. Kirby, of Dublin, have identified two or
three of these species.

JOHN EDWAKD GEAY.



December 3rd, 1809.



EXPLANATION OF THE PLATES.



I.

Fig. Page

1. Thyridia Hippodamia, Fabricius 127

2. Danais Eryx, Fabricius 7

3. Terinos Atlita, Fabricius 117

4. Limenitis Martha, Fabricius 59

5. Thestias Pirithoiis, Fabricius 216

6. Junonia Zelima, Fabricius 76

II.

1. Leptalis Pinthaeus, Linnc&us 229

2. Colias Lesbia <J , Fabricius 218

3. Lampides Plato, Fabricius 166

4. 6. Tmolus Cleon, Fabricius , 188

5. Sophocles, Fabricius 187

7. Elymnias Panthera, Fabricius 38

Outline illustrating the division of the wing in Fabrician de-
scriptions.

8. 11. Lycsena Otis, Fabricius 169

9. Lampides Juba, Fabricius 163

10. Tmolus Moncus, Fabricius 188

12. Cyclopides Maro, Fabricius 279

13. Epargyreus Nero, Fabricius 275

14. Pamphila Taumas, Fabricius 277

III.

1. Hesperia Alexis, Fabricius 269

2. Exclamationis, Fabricius 269

3. Cobalus Remus, Fabricius 273

4. Telegoniis Lucas, Fabricius 262

5. Tagiades Clito, Fabricius 283

6. Proteides Coridon, Fabricius 264

7. Hesperilla Gremius, Fabricius 271

8. Epargyreus Mathias, Fabricius 275

9. Pamphila Phocion, Fubricius 277

10. Cobalus Saturnus, Fabricius 272

11. Philemon, Fabrics 272

12. Pygmseus, Fabricius 273

13. Taractrocera Maevius, Fabricius 279

14. Ceratrichia Phocion, Fabricius 274

15. Nothus, Fabricius 274



CATALOGUE



OF



DIURNAL LEPIDOPTERA.



Order LEPIDOPTERA, Linn.
Section RHOPALOCERA, Boisd.

Family I. NYMPHALID^E, Westwood,

Gen. Diurn. Lepid. p. 143 (1852); Bates, Journ. Entom. p. 176

(1864).

Subfamily I. DANAIN^E, Bates,
Journ. Entom. p. 220 (1861), p. 176 (1864).

Genus 1. EUPLCEA, Fabricius,
Illiger's Magaz. vi. p. 280 (1808).

1. Euplcea Phaenareta.

Papilio (D. F.) Midamus, Cramer, [Phaenareta, Schaller] Natur-
forscher, part xxi. p. 177, pi. 5. figs. 1, 2 (1785).

Local form ? $ . Papilio (F.) Corus, Fabricius, "alia integerrimis
nigris ; omnibus serie duplici punctorum alborum ; puncta quatuor
alba in disco anticarum, duo in posticarum : habitat in India ori-
entali."

Fabricius, Mant. Ins. p. 25. n. 260 (1787); Ent. Syst. iii.
p. 41. n. 122 (1793).

Amboina and N. Ceram. ( <$ obtained 1859, $ 1862; collected

by A. R. Wallace, Esq.) B.M.

This species is the Prothoe of authors ; but Phcencrreta is the older
name. Corus has evidently no connexion with the Core of Cramer.

B



2 CATALOGUE OF DIURNAL LEPIDOPTERA.

2. Euplcea superba.

Papilio (D. F.) Midamus (part.), Fabncius [superba, Herbst],
" alls integerrimis, nigris albo punctatis : anticis supra cserulescen-
tibus, posticis supra punctorum alborum striga : habitat in India
oriental!," Natursyst. Schmett. 119, 120 (1783-95).

Fabncius, Syst. Ent. (part.) p. 479. n.. 161 (1775).

China. (Presented by E. Larkin, Esq.) B.M.

Note. The locality " Cape of Good Hope? " inserted in a mono-
graph of this genus (P. Z. S. 1866, p. 272) is an incorrect registra-
tion. The specimen so labelled was obtained during the voyage of
H.M.S. ' Herald,' which visited the southern coast of China, amongst
other places : the precise localities were not attached to the insects
when captured, and the error resulted from a subsequent attempt to
correct this omission.

3. Euplcea Tulliolus.

Papilio (F.) Tulliolus, Fabricius, " alis integerrimis : anticis atris,
fascia maculari alba, posticis fuscis supra immaculatis ; subtus albo
punctatis : habitat in India." Donovan, Nat. llepos. ii. pi. 55
(1824).

Fabricius, Ent. Syst. iii. p. 41. n. 55 (1793).

Eockingham Bay, Australia. (Obtained 1850, from the voyage
of H.M.S. < Rattlesnake ' ; collected by Mr. Macgillivray) B.M.

4. Euplcea Midamus.

Papilio (D. F.) Midamus, Linnceus, " alis integerrimis nigris
albido punctatis ; primoribus supra ca3rulescentibus : posticis punc-
torum alborum linea : habitat in Asia," Act. StocTcli. pi. 6. figs. 1, 2
(1748) ; see P. Z. S. p. 294(1866).

Fabricius (part.), Syst. Ent. p. 479. n. 161 (1775).

*Local form, Fabricius, Sp. Ins. p. 52. n. 227 (1781); (part.),
Ent. Syst. p. 39. n. 116 (1793).

<$ . Sumatra (obtained 1854, formerly belonged to Sir Stamford
Raffles) ; $ Penang (obtained 1843, from Mr. Lewis James). B.M.

*Local form $ . Papilio (D. F.) Claudius, Fabricius [Basilissa,
Cramer'], " alis integerrimis nigris : anticis caaruleo micantibus albo
punctatis, posticis lineatis : habitat Tranquebarise." Pap. Exot. iii.
pi. 266. fig. C (1782).

Fabricius, Mant. Ins. p. 25. n. 261 (1787) ; Ent. Syst. iii. p. 40.
n. 119 (1793).

Java. (Obtained 1849, from Mr. Argent) B.M.

5. Euplcea Diocletianus.

$ . Papilio (F.) Diocletianus, Fabricius, " alis integerrimis nigris :
anticis fascia interrupta alba, posticis basi albo lineatis, apice
punctatis duplici serie : habitat in India orientali."



CATALOGUE OF DIURNAL LEPIDOPTEEA. 3

c? . Papilio (F.) Radamanthus, Fabricius, " alls integerrimis ni-
gris caeruleo micantibus : anticis macula marginal!, posticis macula
lineolisque quatuor albis : habitat in Asia." Thoosa, Hubner, Samml.
exot. Schmett. pi.

Fabricius, Ent. Syst. iii. pp. 40, 42. n. 118, 127 (1793).

c? , Malacca (obtained 1855 ; collected by A. R. Wallace, Esq.) ;
, Singapore (obtained from Mr. James). B.M.

If the name Diodetianus be objected to on account of its close
resemblance to Diocletia of Hiibner, the latter will have to be su-
perseded by Erichson's Megilla. The typical liadamanthus is pro-
bably the form found in Java, though stated in Jones's * Icones ' to
be Chinese.

6. Euploea Sylvester.

Papilio (F.) Sylvester, Fabricius, " alis integerrimis fuscis, fascia
maculari alba : habitat . . . ." Donovan, Nat. Rep. iv. pi. 129 (1826).
Fabricius, Ent. Syst. iii. p. 41. n. 124 (1793).

This is the Melpomene of Butler. Donovan's figure is not correct,
but differs considerably in the size, number, and position of the
spots, &c. on the under surface of the wings ; the white band on
the under surface (present in Jones's drawing) is entirely absent
in his figure ; and a reference to Donovan's original drawings in
the Hope Collection at Oxford shows that his underside figure is
drawn from memory, an indication of the position of the spots
having been made on his sketch.

7. Euplcsa Euphon.

Papilio (F.) Euphoii, Fabricius, " alis integerrimis nigris : anticis
albo punctatis, posticis ante apicem albis : habitat in Isle de France."

Euphone (sic), Boisduval, Faune Ent. de Madaq. pi. 3. fig. 1
(1833).

Fabricius, Ent. Syst. suppl. p. 423. n. 184, 185 (1798).

Mauritius. (Obtained 1857, from Dr. Beke) B.M.

8. Euplcea Dryasis.

Papilio (F.) Dryasis, Fabricius, " alis integerrimis fuscis : an-
ticis punctis duobus, subtus omnibus plurimis albis : habitat . . . ."
Donovan, Nat. Hep. v. pi. 158 (1827).

Fabricius, Ent. Syst. iii. p. 39. n. 117 (1793).

Seems nearly allied to Qoudotii, Boisd. : in the original figure, by
Mr. Jones, the spots of the front wings are much smaller than in
Donovan's representation.



4 CATALOGUE OF DIURNAL LEPIDOPTERA.

Genus 2. DANAIS, Latrcitte,
Enc. Meth. ix. p. 10 (1819).

1. Danais Phsedon.

Papilio (F.) Phsedon, Fabricius, " alls repandis atris : anticis
flavo punctatis, posticis fascia strigisque duabus punctatis flavis :
habitat in Isle de France." Boisduval, Faune Ent. de Madag.
pi. 3. fig. 3(1833).

Fabricius, Ent. Syst. suppl. p. 423. n. 184, 185 (1798).

Mauritius. (Obtained 1845, from Herr J. J. Becker) B.M.

2. Danais Egialea.

Papilio (N. P.) Egialea, Cramer, " alis deutatis: anticis atris
maculis, posticis fuscis disco, albis : habitat in Asia, Africa." Pap.
Exot. ii. pi. 192. fig. D (1779).

Papilio (F.) Damocles, Fabricius, " alis integerrimis : anticis atris,
posticis fuscis disco albis : habitat in Asia, Africa."

Fabricius, Sp. Ins. p. 102. n. 449 (1781); Ent. Syst. p. 41.
n. 121 (1793).

Sherboro Island, Sierra Leone.

(Obtained 1867, from Mr. Salmon) B.M.

The Damocles of authors must henceforth be regarded as West-
wood's species.

3. Danais Niavius.

Papilio (D. F.) Niavius, Linnaeus, " alis integerrimis, nigris :
anticis fascia alba, posticis macula communi baseos alba: habitat
in Sierra Leone." Clerck, Icon. pi. 32. fig. 2 (1764) ; Cramer, Pap.
Exot. ii. pi. 2. figs. F, G (1775).

Fabricius, Syst. Ent. p. 480. n. 192 (1775).

Niarius (sic), Fabricius, Sp. Ins. p. 52. n. 227 (1781).

Niavices (sic), Fabricius, Mant. Ins. p. 25. n. 262 (1787) ; Ent.
Syst. iii. p. 40. n. 120 (1793).

Sierra Leone. (Presented by the Rev. D. F. Morgan) B.M.

There are two fair specimens of Niavius in the Banksian Collection.

4. Danais Berenice.

Papilio (D. F.) Erippus, Fabricius [Berenice, Cramer'], "alis
integerrimis obscure testaceis, margine nigro albo punctate : posti-
carum disco immaculato, subtus nigro venoso punctis albis : habitat
in China." Pap. Exot. iii. pi. 205. figs. E, F (1782).

Fabricius, Mant. Ins. p. 27. n. 282 (1 787) ; Ent. St/st. iii. p. 49.
n. 152(1793).

Georgia. (Probably from Mr. Abbot's Collection) B.M.

5. Danais Gilippus.

Papilio (D. F.) Gilippus, Cramer, " alis integerrimis coricolo-



CATALOGUE OF DIURNAL LEPIDOPTERA. 5

ribus fulvis albo maculatis, margine atro punctis albis : habitat in
America meridionali." Pap. Exot. i. pi. 26. figs. E, F (1775).

Fabricius, Gen. Ins. p. 258. n. 172, 173 (1776) ; Sp. Ins. p. 56.

n. 274 (1781) ; Mant. Ins. p. 27. n. 286 (1787) ; Ent. Syst.

iii. p. 52. n. 159 (1793).

Brazil. (Presented by Sir Charles Stewart) B.M.

6. Danais Eresimus.

Papilio (F.) Eresimus, Cramer, " alis repandis testaceis, apice
margineque nigris albo punctatis: posticis subtus fascia maculari
obsolete albida : habitat in Guinea." Pap. Exot.ii. pi. 175. figs. G, H
(1779).

Fabricius, Ent. Syst. iii. p. 51. n. 157 (1793).

rf , $ . Brazil. (From Mr. Children's Collection) B.M.

7. Danais Archippus.

Papilio (F.) Archippus, Fabricius, "alis repandis fulvis venis
margineque albo punctato nigris : anticis maculis apicis fulvis : ha-
bitat in America meridionali"*.

Papilio (D. F.) Plexippns, Cramer, Fabricius, part, [nee Linncws],
" habitat in America boreali." Pap. Exot. i. pi. 3. figs. A, B (1775),
iii. pi. 206. E, F (1781).

Fabricius, Sp. Ins. p. 55. n. 243 (1781) ; Ent. Syst. iii. p. 49.

n. 151 (1793).
United States. (Presented by E. Doubleday, Esq.) B.M.

This is the northern form of Cramer's Erippus.

8. Danais Chrysippus.

Papilio (D. F.) Chrysippus, Linnceus, " alis integerrimis, fulvis,
margine nigro punctis albis : posticis disco punctis nigris : habitat
in India orientali."

Fabricius, Syst. Ent. p. 482. n. 172 (1775) ; Sp. Ins. p. 56.
n. 245 (1781) ; Mant. Ins. p. 27. n. 284 (1787) ; Ent. Syst.
iii. p. 50. n. 154 (1793).

Hong-Kong, China.

(Presented 1848, by J. C. Bowring, Esq.) B.M.

There are two specimens of CJirysippus in the Banksian Col-
lection.

9. Danais Alcippus.

Papilio (D. F.) Alcippus, Cramer, " alis integerrimis fulvis mar-
gine nigro punctis albis, posticis disco albo, punctis nigris : habitat in
America meridionali." Pap. Exot. ii. pi. 127. figs. E, F (1779).

* Fabricius seems to have included the whole of tropical America (North and
South) under this habitat, although he generally mentioned North America
as borealis.



6 CATALOGUE OF DIURNAL LEP1DOPTERA.

Fabricius, Sp. Ins. p. 56. n. 246 (1781) ; Mant. Ins. p. 27.
n. 285 (1787) ; Ent. Syst. iii. p. 50. n. 155 (1793).

Sierra Leone. (Collected 1858, by Mr. James Foxcroft) B.M.
There is one specimen of Alcippus in the Banksian Collection.

10. Danais Plexippus.

Papilio (D. F.) Plexippus, Linnaeus, "alis integerrimis, fulvis,
venis nigris dilatatis, margine nigro-punctatis albis : habitat in
America septentrional!."

Fabricius, St/st. Ent. p. 481. n. 170 (1775); Mant, Ins. p. 27.
n. 281 (1787).

Hong-Kong, China.

(Presented 1848, by J. C. Bowring, Esq.) B.M.

There are two specimens of Plexippus in the Banksian Col-
lection.

11. Danais affinis.

Papilio (N. P.) affinis, Fabricius, " alis dentatis, nigris, albo

maculatis : posticis subtus limbo nigro, flavo alboque maculato :

habitat in Nova Hollandia." Donovan, Ins. Ind. pi. 25. fig. 2 (1800).

Fabricius, Syst. Ent. p. 511. n. 291 (1775) ; Sp. Ins. p. 102.

n. 447 (1781) ; Mant. Ins. p. 55. n. 542 (1787) ; Ent. Syst.

iii. p. 58. n. 181 (1798).

New Holland, Australia. (Presented 1844, by the Haslar Hos-
pital ; collected by Mr. Bynce, Surgeon, E.N.) B.M.

The type and a second specimen are in the Banksian Collection.

12. Danais Melanippus.

Papilio (D. F.) Hegesippus, Cramer [Melanippus, var.~], " alis
integerrimis concoloribus nigris albo maculatis : anticis basi fulvo,
posticis albo lineatis : habitat in Sumatra." Pap. Escot. ii. pi. 180.
fig. A (1779).

Fabricius, Sp. Ins. p. 56. n. 248 (1781); Mant. Ins. p. 27.

n. 287 (1787); Ent. Syst. iii. p. 52. n. 160 (1793).
Java. (Presented by the Hon. East-India Comp.) B.M.

13. Danais similis.

Papilio (N. P.) similis, Linnceus, " alis subrepandis, concoloribus
punctis caerulescenti albis ; versus basin lineatis : habitat in Asia."
ClercJc, Icon. pi. 16. fig. 2 (1764).

Fabricius, Syst. Ent. p. 511. n. 290 (1775).

China. (Presented 1848, by J. C. Bowring, Esq.) B.M.

In the Banksian Collection similis is represented by two other
species, Limniace, Cramer, and Leopardus, Butler.



CATALOGUE OF DIURNAL LEPIDOPTEUA. 7

14. Danais Linmiace.

Papilio (F.) similis (part.), Frabrlcius [Limniace, Cramer]. Pap.
Exot. i. pi. 50. figs. D,E (1779) ; habitat in India," Fabr.

Fabricius, Ent. Syst. iii. p. 58. n. 180 (1793).
Nepal. (Presented by Major-General T. Hardwicke) B.M.

15. Danais Eryx.

Papilio (F.) Eryx, Fabricius, " alis integerrimis concoloribus
nigris basi albo striatis, apice punctatis : habitat Caiennae."
Fabricius, Ent. Syst. suppl. p. 423. n. 180, 181 (1798).

Borneo. (Obtained 1845, from Mr. Ciiming ; collected by H.

Lowe, Esq.) B.M.

This is the Bornean representative of grammica, which exactly
suits the Fabrician description.

16. Danais melaneus.

Papilio (N. P.) similis (part.), Fabricius [melaneus, Cramer],
" habitat in Asia." Pap. Exot. i. pi. 30. fig. D (1775).

Fabricius, Sp. Ins. p. 101. n. 446 (1781) ; Mant. Ins. iii. p. 55.

n. 541 (1787).
Penang. (Presented by Sir William Norris) B.M.

17. Danais Aspasia.

5 . Papilio (H.) Aspasia, Fabricius, " alae anticaB atra3 basi hyalino
striatae, apice maculata3 : posticas basi flavae nervis nigris, apice uigrae
hyalino punctate : habitat Tranquebariae." Var. Crocea, Butler,
Proc. Zool. Soc. pi. 4. fig. 5 (1865).

Fabricius, Mant. Ins. p. 15. n. 145 (1787); Ent. Syst. iii.
p. 170. n. 526 (1793).

c? , Borneo (obtained 1856 ; collected by A. 11. Wallace, Esq.) ;
$ (presented 1860, by the Hon. East India Comp.). B.M.

A variety of Aspasia, having the bases of the front wings yellow
in both sexes, represents crocea, Butl. , There are both sexes of this
species in the Banksian Collection.



Genus 3. LYCOEEA*, E. Doubleday,
Gen. Diurn. Lepid. p. 105 (1847).

1. Lycorea Eva.

Papilio (H.) Eva, Fabricius, " alis oblongis integerrimis concolo-
ribus atris : anticis basi fulvo striatis, apice maculatis, posticis disco
fulvo fascia atra : habitat Surinami."

Fabricius, Ent. Syst. iii. p. 162. n. 501 (1793).

* This genus has been shown by Messrs. Salvin and Bates, to belong to the
true Danaince.



CATALOGUE OF DIURNAL LEPIDOPTERA.

Santarem, Lower Amazons. (Obtained 1852 ; collected by H. W.

Bates, Esq.) B.M.

Fabricius quotes Cramer's Pasimtntia for this species.



Genus 4. HESTIA (Hubner, part.), Doubleday,
Gen. Diurn. Lepid. p. 94 (1847).

1. Hestia Idea.

Papilio (P.) Idea, Linnceus, " alis rotundatis, integerrimis, denu-
dato albis, venis maculisque nigris : habitat in Indiis." Clerck, Icon.
pi. 38. fig. 1 (1764); Donovan, Ins. 2nd. pi. 24 (1800).

Fabricius, Syst. Ent. p. 468. n. 109 (1775) ; Sp. Ins. p. 37.
n. 160 (1781) ; Ent. Syst. iii. p. 185. n. 573 (1793).

Amboina. (Obtained 1858 ; collected by A. R. Wallace, Esq.)

B.M.

2. Hestia Aza.

Papilio (P.) Idea (part.), Cminer [Aza, Boisduval~\,Pap. Exot.'vr.
pi. 362. fig. D (1782).

Fabricius, Mant. Ins. p. 18, n. 182 (1787).

Bouru. (Obtained from Mr. Stevens ; collected by A. R. Wal-
lace, Esq.) B.M.



Subfamily II. SATYRIN&, Bates,
Journ. Entom. p. 176 (1864).

Genus 1. CLEROIS, Hiibner,
Verz. bek. Schmett. p. 56 (1816).

1. Caerois Chorin&us.

Papilio (D. F.) Chorinaeus, Fabricius, " alis integerrimis, fuscis :
anticis falcatis, fascia fulva, posticis caudatis : habitat Surinami."
Donovan, Nat. Repos. iii. pi. 104 (1825).

Fabricius, Syst. Ent. p. 484. n. 182 (1775) ; Sp. Ins. p. 60.
n. 267 (1781) ; Mant. Ins. p. 29. n. 307 (1787) ; Ent. Syst.
iii. p. 72. n. 225 (1793).

Ega, Upper Amazons. (Obtained 1857 ; collected by H. W. Bates,

Esq.) B.M.

There is one specimen of Chorinceus in the Banksian Collection.

2. Caerois Gerdrudtus,

Papilio (N.) Gerdrudtus, Fabricius, " alis caudatis, fuscis : anticis



CATALOGUE OF DITJKNAL LEPIDOPTERA. 9

macula apicis ocellari ; subtus ferrugineis puncto aiiticarum albo,

posticarum duolms : habitat "

Fabricius, Ent. Syst. iii. p. 72. n. 224 (1793).

Panama. (One mutilated example) Coll. Salvin.

This beautiful and remarkable species is figured in Jones's unpub-
lished ' Icones,' and has quite the appearance of a clipped and painted
specimen of Chorinceus ; but the fortunate existence of a dilapidated
specimen in Mr. Salvin's Collection proves it to be a good and well-
defined species.

Genus 2. MELANITIS, Fabiicius,
UUger's Magaz. vi. p. 282 (1808).

1. Melanitis Leda.

Papilio (N. G.) Leda, Linnceus, " alis angulatis, fuscis : anticis
supra ocello geminato : subtus griseo reticulatis, posticis ocellis sex :
habitat in Africoe Sierra Leon."

Papilio (N. G.) Bankia, Fabricius, " alis angulatis, supra fuscis :
anticis disco flavesceute, ocello atro, pupilla gemina : habitat in nova
HoUandia." Donovan, Ins. New Holland, pi. 25. fig. 1 (1805).

Papilio (N. G.) Solandra, Fabricius, " alis angulatis, fuscis : anticis
ocello sesqnialtero, posticis supra duobus, subtus quatuor : habitat in
insula Otaheity." Donovan, Ins. New Holland, pi. 23. fig. 1 (1805).
Papilio (N. G.) Ismene, Cramer [Bankia, Fabr. Sp. Ins.'], " alis
angulatis supra fuscis, anticis disco fiavescente, ocello atro, pupilla
gemina : habitat in nova HoUandia."

Fabricius, Syst. Ent. pp. 499, 500. n. 243, 244, 246 (1775) ;
Sp. Ins. pp. 84, 85. n. 370, 371, 376 (1781); Mant. Ins.
pp. 45, 46. n. 448, 449, 454(1787); Ent. Syst. iii. pp. 106,
108. n. 327, 328, 333 (1793).

Leda, Ceylon. (Presented 1852, by Dr. K. Templeton ; collected

by Mrs. Templeton) B.M.

Ismene, Nepal. (Presented by Major-General T. Hardwicke) B.M.
Solandra, Moreton Bay, Australia. (Presented 1856, by Mr. Gib-
bons) B.M.

Bankia, Australia. (Obtained 1850, from the voyage of H.M.S.
' Rattlesnake ' [labelled " Pit, I."J ; collected by Mr. Macgillivray)

B.M.

The type of Leda (Ismene form) is in the Linnean Collection ; there
are two specimens of Leda, besides the types of Solandra and Bankia
(agreeing with Donovan's figures), in the Banksian Collection.

Genus 3. GNOPHODES, Westwood,
Gen. Diurn. Lepid. p. 363 (1851).

1. Gnopliodes Pythia.

Papilio (N.) Pythia, Fabricius, " alis angulato-dentatis fuscis :



10 CATALOGUE D1UENAL LEPIDOPTERA.

anticis macula albida, subtus griseis : posticis striga punctorum ni-
grorum : habitat in Guinea."

Fabridus, Ent. Syst. iii. p. 116. n. 357 (1793).

Labelled Ashanti ;" registered " Int r of S. Africa."

(Presented 1843, by the Earl of Derby) B.M.

There is one specimen of Pythia without a name, but labelled
" Forster " (from whom it was probably received) in the Banksian
Collection ; it is identical with the Betsimena of Dr. Boisduval.

2. Gnophodes Chelys.

. Papilio (N.) Chelys, Fabridus, " alis dentato-catidatis fuscis,
subtus variegatis, striga punctorum flavescentium : habitat in
India."

Fabridus, Ent. Syst. iii. p. 80. 11. 249 (1793).

Congo. (Presented 1843, by Dr. Richardson ; collected by An-
drew Curror, Esq., Surgeon, R.N.) B.M.

This is identical with G. Morpena, Butler, Cat. Sat. Brit. Mus.
p. 7 (1868) ; see Jones's * Icones ' (unpublished).



Genus 4. TAYGETIS, Hubner,
Verz. bek. Schmett. p. 55 (1816).

1. Taygetis Celia.

Papilio (N.) Phorcys, Fabridus [Celia, Cramer], " alis dentato-
subcaudatis fuscis : subtus obscurius strigosis : posticis punctis duo-
bus cinereis : habitat in Indiis." Donovan, Ins. Ind. pi. 33. fig. 2
(1800) ; Pap. Exot. iii. pi. 242. fig. C (1782).

Fabridus, Ent. Syst. iii. p. 80. n. 248 (1793).

Brazil. (Obtained 1840, at Mr. Children's sale) B.M.

This species, in the ' Genera of Diurnal Lepidoptera,' is referred
to the genus Hypanis ; our specimen (which agrees well with Dono-
van's figure) is entered in the register as " Hipparchia Phorcys"

2. Taygetis Virgilia.

Papilio (N.) Rebecca, Fabridus [Virgilia, var., Cramer], " alis den-
tato-caudatis fuscis^immaculatis, subtus pallidioribus : strigis duabus
brunneis punctisque subocellaribus albis : habitat in Guiana." Pap.
Exot. i. pi. 96. fig. C (1779) ; at alis posticis supra ferrugineo mar-
ginatis. See Cat. Sat. Brit. Mus. p. 10 (1868).
Fabridus, Ent. Syst. iii. p. 75. n. 236 (1793).

Para, Lower Amazons. (Presented 1845, by Gordon Grahame,

Esq.) B.M.



CATALOGUE OF DiUHNAL LEPIDOPTEKA. 11

3. Taygetis Echo.

Papilio (N. P.) Echo, Cramer, " alls dentatis fuscis, omnibus subtus
striga punctorum alborum : habitat Surinami." Pap. Exot. i. pi. 57.
figs. C, D (1779).

Fabricius, Sp. Ins. p. 91. n. 399 (1781); Mant. Ins. p. 49.
n. 484 (1787); Ent. St/st. iii. p. 120. n. 368 (1793).

Brazil. (Obtained 1844, from Mr. Argent) B.M.

4. Taygetis Andromeda.

Papilio (S.) Laches, Fabricius [Andromeda, var., Cramer], " alis
dentatis fuscis, fascia caerulea ; ocellis anticarum quinque, posticarum



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