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Catalogue of marine Polyzoa in the collection of the British museum (Volume 2) online

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(Lepr.), 76.

Annulipora, 56.
ansata (Lepr.), 71.
appensa (Lepr.), 71.
arachnoides (Canda), 26.
arenacea (Lepr.), 79.
areolata (Lepr.), 82.
armata (Carb.), 50.
assimilis (Lepr.), 65.
auriculata (Lepr.), 67.
aurita (Catenic.), 8.
australis (Beania), 32.
avicularia (Bugula), 45.

(Cellul.), 45.

(Crisia), 45.



avicularia (Flustra), 44.

(Sert.), 45.

avicularis (Cellul.), 45.

Ballii (Lepr.), 71.
Beania, 32.

beaniana (Retep.), 94.
Berenicea, 63.
Bertholletii, 24.
Bicellaria, 41.
Bicellariadae, 41.
bicornis (Salic.), 17.
bicristata (Lepr.), 72.
bicuspis (Catenic.), 7.
biforis (Herentia), 83.

- (Lepr.), 83.
biraucronata (Cellep.), 77, 86.

(Eschara), 77, 86.

Bi-multiserialaria, 15, 32.
bispinata (Cellep.), 87.
bispinosa (Discop.), 77.

(Lepr.), 77.

bombycina (Carb.), 52.
Boryi* (Crisia), 38.
Brongniartii (Cellep.), Go.

(Lepr.), 65.

Bugula, 19, 43.
bullata (Flustra), 86.
bursaria (Cell.), 36.

(Epist.), 36.

(Not.), 36.

(Sert.), 36.

Caberea, 37.



118



Hookeri (Biccll.), 39.

(Cab.), 39.

(Cellul.), 39.

Hornwrack, Broad-leaved, <

, Narrow-leaved, 48.

hyalina (Berenicea), 84.

(Cellep.), 84.

(Cellepor.), 84.

(Lepr.), 84.

Hyndmanni (Her.), 74.
(Lepr.), 74.

immersa (Berenicea), 77.

(Lepr.), 77.

impressa (Flustra), 84.
indivisa (Garb.), 53.
inermis (Diach.), 54.
innominata (Lepr.), 79.
insignis (Lepr.), 73.
Isis, 16.

Jacotini (Lepr.), 65.
Johnston! (Lepr.), 68.
Johnstoniae (Hal), 43.
Jolloisii (Acamarchis), 26.

labiosa (Lepr.), 82.
labrosa (Lepr.), 82.
Lacroixii (Flustra), 61.

. (Merabr.), 60.

Isvis (Cellep.), 87.
Lafontii (Alysid.), 14.

(Euc.), 14.

lamellosa (Cellep.), 89.
lanceolata (Hippothoa), 30.
Landsborovii (Lepr.), 66.
lata (Cab.), 39.
Lepralia, 63.

lichenoides (Eschara), 90.
ligulata (jEtea), 31.
linearis (Herentia), 71.

(Lepr.), 71.

lineata (Callopora), 58.

. -(Flustra), 57,58.

(Membr.), 58.

lorica (Catenic.), 6.
Loricaria, 34.
loricata (Eucrat.), 29.

(Gemell.), 34.

(Sert.), 34.



Loricula, 34.
loriculata (Crisia), 34.

(GemelL), 35.

(Gemic.),34.

(Not.), 34.

Lowei (Cupul.), 99.

(Lunul.),99.

Lunulites, 100.
Lyallii (Lepr.), 75.

Macandrei (Scrup.), 24.
Macry (Cellep.), 83.
maculata (Lunul.), 101.

(Selen.), 101.

magellanica (Diach.), 54.
magnilabris (Membr.), 62.
Malusii (Lepr.), 83.
malvinensis (Salic.), 18.
mamillata (Cellep.), 87.
Mangnevillana (Cellep.), 81,
margaritacea (Catenic.), 9.
margaritifera (Lepr.), 72.
marginata (Salic.), 19.
marionensis (Lepr.), 67.
melolontha (Lepr.), 78.
merabranacea (Flustra), 56.

(Membr.), 56.

membranaceum (Amphibl.), 59.
Membranipora, 56.
Membraniporida?, 55.
Menipea, 20.
Micropora, 56.
millepora (Eschara), 57.
mirabilis (Beania), 32.
mollis (Sert.), 31.
monoceros (Lepr.), 72.
monostachys, 61.
monotrypa (Cellul.), 20.
Montferrandii (Flustra), 67.
multiseriata (Menip.), 22.
Murrayana (Bugula), 46.
(Flustra), 46.

Nellia, 18.

neritina (Acam.), 44.

(Bugula), 20, 44.

(Cell.), 44, 46.

(Cellul.), 20, 44.

(Crisia), 44.

(Sert.), 44.



INDEX.



119



nitida (Berenicea), 76.

(Cellep.), 76.

(Lepr.), 76.
Notamia, 34, 36.
nuda (Amastig.), 40.
(Cab.), 40.

octodon (Flustra), 49.
oculata (Nellia), 18.
ornata (Cellul.), 20.

(Vincular.), 96.

ornatum (Calp.), 15.
ovalis (Lepr.), 76.
ovoidea (Carb.), 52.

(Cellep.), 84.

Owenii (Cupul.), 99.
(LmraL), 99.

pallasiana (Cellep.), 81.

(Eschara), 81.

(Lepr.), 81.

palmata (Cellep.), 88.
papyracea (Garb.), 50.

(Chartella), 48.

(Flustra), 48.

papyrea (Carb.), 50.

(Eschara), 50.

parasiticum (Alysid.), 14.
patagonica (Menip.), 22.
Peachii (Cellul.), 20.
- (Flustra), 59,61.

(Lepr.), 77.

(Membr.), 61.

pectinata (Lepr.), 79.
pedilostoma (Lepr.), 61,81.
perforata (Catenic.), 10.
perlacea (Cellep.), 80.

(Escharina), 80.

personata (Cellep.), 84.

(Escharina), 84.

(Lepr.), 74.

pertusa (Cellep.), 80.
(Escharina), 80.

(Lepr.), 80.
philippinensis (Lunul.), 101.
phoenicea (Retep.), 94.
pilosa (Annulipora),57.

(Eschara), 56.
pisciformis (Carb.), 50.
plagiostoma (Catenic.), 8.



' platalea (Eschara), 90.
pluraosa (Bicell.), 45, 46.
Porella, 63.

pumicosa (Cellep.), 86, 87.
punctata (Lepr.), 79, 80.

(Salic.), 17.

pyriformis, 52, 100.

ramulosa (Cellep.), 87.
repens (Sert.), 26.
reptans (Bicell.), 26, 27.

(Crisia), 27.

(Scrap.), 27.

(Scrupoc.), 27.

(Sert.), 26.

Retepora, 93.
reticula (Millep.), 93.
reticulata (Frond.), 93.

(Lepr.), 66, 68.

reticulum (Conop.), 61.
ringens (Catenic.), 10.
Rosselii (Flustra), 59.

(Membr.), 59.

Rozieri (Flustra), 59.

(Membr.), 59.

rudis (Cab.), 38.

Salicornaria, 16.
Salicornariada3, 15.
Salicornariana, 15.
Salicorniaires, 17.
Salicornoides (Cell.), 17.
Savartii (Flustra), 61.
Savignyi (Catenic.), 10.
Scruparia, 28.
Scrupariadae, 28.
scrupea (Scrup.), 24.
Scrupocellaria, 23.
scruposa (Bicell.), 25.

(Cell.), 25.

(Cellul.), 25.

(Crisia), 25.

(Scrup.), 25.

(Scrupoc.), 25.

(Sert.), 25.

securifrons (Chartella), 49.

(Eschara), 49.

Selbia, 37.
Selenaria, 101.
Selenariadae, 97.



120



simplex (Didy.), 35.

(Lepr.), 82.

(Nellia), 19.

sinuosa (Salic.), 17.
Siphonella, 95.
Skenei (Cellep.), 88.

(Millep.), 88.

spathulosa (Fare.), 17.
spatulata (Anguinaria), 31.
spicata (Diraet.), 35.
spinifera (Flustra), 58.

(Lepr.), 69.

spinosa (Cellep.), 86.
spiralis (FlabelL), 46.

(Sert.), 46.

Spongites, 85.
stellata (Cupul.), 99.
stenostoma (Membr.), 60.

taurina (Catenic.), 12.
telacea (Flustra), 56.
tenella (Cell.), 17.

(Millep.), 91.

tenuirostris (Salic.), 17.
tennis (Lepr.), 65.
Terebripora, 29.
ternata (Cellul.), 21.

(Crisia), 21.

(Menip.), 21.

(Sert.), 21.

(Trie.), 21.

Tricellaria, 20.
tricellata (Ernma), 28.
tridentata (Acamar.), 46.

(Lepr.), 71.

triseriata (Menip.), 22.



trispinosa (Berenicea), 70.

(Disc.), 70.

(Lepr.), 70.

truncata (^Etea), 31.

(Flustra), 48, 49.

tuba (Bicell.), 42.
tuberculata (Flustra), 58.

umbonata (Catenic.), 11.

(Membr.), 57.

Unicellaria, 29.
uiiicornis (Escharina), 69.

(Flustra), 58.

(Lepr.), 69.

- (Membr.), 58.
urceolata (Eschara), 90.

variolosa (Escharella), 76.

(Lepr.), 70, 75.

ventricosa (Catenic.), 7.

- (Lepr.), 78.
verrucaria (Madrepora), 86.
verrucosa (Cellep.), 68, 86.

(Disc.), 68. '

(Lepr.), 68.

(Tubipora), 86.

vesiculosa (Cell.), 9.
vibicata (Retep.), 94.
Vincularia, 96.
Vinculariadse, 95.
violacea (Escharella), 69.

(Lepr.), 69.

vitrina (Cellep.), 87.
vulgaris (Escharina), 73.

zelanica (Selbia), 38.



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CATALOGUES

OF

THE ZOOLOGICAL COLLECTION

IN

THE BRITISH MUSEUM.



I. VERTEBRATA.

List of Mammalia. By Dr. J. E. GRAY, F.R.S. &c. 1843. 2s.6d.

Catalogue of the Mammalia. By Dr. J. E. GRAY, F.R.S. &c.

Part 1. Cetacea. 12mo, 1850. 4s., with Plates.
Part 2. Seals. 12mo, 1850. Is. 6d., with Woodcuts.
Part 3. Hoofed Quadrupeds. Section I. (Ungulata furci-
peda) 1852, with Plates of Genera, 12s.

This work contains the description of the genera and species,
and figures of the chief characters of the genera.

List of Mammalia and Birds of Nepaul, presented by B. H.
Hodgson, Esq., to the British Museum. By Dr. J. E. GRAY
and G. R. GRAY. 1846. 2s.

List of Birds. By G. R. GRAY, F.L.S. &c.

Part 1. Raptorial. Edition 1, 1844; edition 2, 1848. 3s.
Part 2. Passeres. Section I. Fissirostres. 1848. 2s.
Part 3. Gallinae, Grallse and Anseres. 1844. 2s.

The other sections of the Passerine birds are in progress.
List of British Birds. By G. R. GRAY, F.L.S. &c. 1850. 4s.

List of the Eggs of British Birds. By G. R. GRAY, F.L.S. &c.
1852. 2s. 6d.

Catalogue of Reptiles. By Dr. J. E. GRAY, F.R.S., V.P.Z.S. &c.

Part 1. Tortoises, Crocodiles and Amphisbaenians. 1844. Is.

Part 2. Lizards. 1845. 3s. 6d.

Part 3. Snakes (Crotalidae, Viperidse, Hydridseand Boidae).
1849. 2s. 6d.

Part 4, completing the Snakes (Colubridse), is in prepara-
tion.

Catalogue of Amphibia. By Dr. J. E. GRAY, F.R.S., V.P.Z.S.

Part 2. Batrachia Gradientia. I2mo, 1850. 2s. 6d. with
Plates of the Skull and Teeth.



Catalogue of Fish. By Dr. J. E. GRAY, F.R.S., V.P.Z.S,

Part 1. Cartilaginous Fish. 12mo, 1851. 3s. With two
Plates.

These Catalogues of Reptiles, Amphibia, and Fish, contain
the characters of all the genera and species at present known ;
the latter are illustrated with figures of the genera.

List of British Fish ; with Synonyma. By A. WHITE, F.L.S. &c.
1851. 3s.

List of Osteological Specimens. By Dr. J. E. GRAY, F.R.S. &c.
and G. R. GRAY, F.L.S. 1847. 2s.

II. ANNULOSA.

Catalogue of Lepidoptera. By G. R. GRAY, F.L.S.

Part 1. Papilionidse, with coloured figures of the new spe-
cies. \ : 55. 4to, 1852.

List of Lepidopterous Insects. By E. DOUBLEDAY, F.L.S.

Part 1. Papilionidse, &c. 1844. 2s. 6d.

Part 2. Erycinidse, &c. 1847. 9d.

Part 3. Appendix to Papilionidae, Erycinida?, &c. 1848. 9d.

List of Hymenopterous Insects. By F. WALKER, F.L.S.

Part 1. Chalcidida3. 1846. Is. 6d.

Part 2. Additions to Chalcididse. 1848. 2s.

Catalogue of Hymenopterous Insects. By FREDERICK SMITH,
M.E.S.

Part 1. Andrenidse, &c. 1853. 2s. 6d., with Plates.

Catalogue of Dipterous Insects. By F. WALKER, F.L.S.

Parti. 1848. 3s. 6d. Part 3. 1849. 3s.

Part 2. 1849. 3s. 6d. Part 4. 1849. 6s.

Catalogue of Homopterous Insects. By F. WALKER, F.L.S.

Parti. 1850. 3s. 6d. Part 4. 1852. 4s., with

Part 2. 1850. 5s. Plates.

Part3. 1851. 3s. 6d.

Catalogue of Neuropterous Insects. By F. WALKER, F.L.S.

Part 1. 1852. 2s. 6d. Part 3. 1853. Is. 6d.

Part 2. 1853. 3s. 6d.

The Catalogues of Hymenopterous, Dipterous, and Homopte-
rous Insects contain the description of the species in the Museum
which appeared to be undescribed.



3

Catalogue of Hemipterous Insects. By W. S. DALLAS, F.L. 8. &o.
With Plates, Part 1. 1851. 7*. Part 2. 1852. 4s.

The Catalogue of Hemiptera contains the description of the
new species in the Museum Collection, and figures of the more
interesting genera.

Nomenclature of Coleopterous Insects (with characters of new
species).

Part 1. Cetoniadse. 1847- Is. By A. WHITE, F.L.S. &c.
Part 2. Hydrocanthari. 1847- Is. 3d. By A. WHITE,

F.L.S.

Part 3. Buprestidse. 1848. Is. By A. WHITE, F.L.S.
Part 4. Cleridse. 1849. Is. Sd. By A. WHITE, F.L.S.
Part 5. Cucujidse. 1851. 6d. By F. SMITH, M.E.S.
Part 6. Passalidse. 1852. Sd. By F. SMITH, MJE.S.
Part 7- Longicornia, with Plates, 1853. 2s. 6d. By A.

WHITE, F.L.S.

List of Crustacea ; with Synonyma. By A. WHITE. 1847- 2s.
List of Myriapoda. By G. NEWPORT, F.R.S. &c. 1844. 4d.

List of British Lepidoptera ; with Synonyma. By J. F. STE-
PHENS, F.L.S. Parti. 1850. 5s. Part 2. 1852. 2s. Part 3.
1853. 9d.

List of British Aculeate Hymenoptera ; with Synonyma, and the
description of some new species. By F. SMITH. 1851. 25.

List of British Anoplura, or Parasitic Insects ; with Synonyma.
By H. DENNY. Is.

List of British Crustacea ; with Synonyma. By A. WHITE, F.L.S.
1850. 2s. 6d.

Catalogue of Entozoa; with Plates. By W. BAIRD, M.D.,
F.L.S. 1853. 2s.

III. MOLLUSCA.

Catalogue of the Mollusca in the Collection of the British
Museum. By Dr. J. E. GRAY, F.R.S., &c.

Parti. Cephalopoda Antepedia. 1849. 4s.

Part 2. Pteropoda. 1850. Is.

Part 3. Placuniadse and Anomiadiie. 1850. 4d.

Part 4. BrachiopodaAncylopoda; figures of genera. 1853.3s.

Containing the characters of the recent and fossil genera, and
the descriptions of all the recent species at present known.

Catalogue of Phaneropneumona or Operculated Terrestrial Mol-
lusca. By Dr. Louis PFEIFFER. 1852. 5s.

Catalogus Concharum Bivalvium. By M. G. P. DESK AYES.
Part 1. Yeneridse, &c. 1853. 3s.



List of British Mollusca and Shells; with Synonyma. Bv
Dr. J. E. GRAY, F.R.S.

Part 1. Acephala and Brachiopoda. 1851. 3s. 6d.
Nomenclature of Mollusca. By Dr. W. BAIRD, F.L.S. &c.
Part 1. Cyclophoridse. 1851. Is. 6d.
IV. RADIATA.

Catalogue of Marine Polyzoa. By G. BUSK, F.R.S. &c., with
characters and figures of all the species.
Part 1. Chilostoma. 1852. 17 s.

Catalogue of the Echinidae or Sea Eggs. By Dr. J. E. GRAY,
F.R.S.

Part 1. Echinida irregularia. 12mo, with Plates.

Containing the characters of all the known genera and species,
and illustrated with figures of the new species.

List of British Radiata; with Synonyma. By Dr. J. E. GRAY,
F.R.S. 1848. 4s.

List of British Sponges ; with Synonyma. By Dr. J. E. GRAY,
F.R.S. 1848. Wd.

V. BRITISH ZOOLOGY.

List of the British Animals ; with Synonyma and references to
figures.

Part 1. Radiata. By Dr. J. E. GRAY. 1848. 45.

Part 2. Sponges. By Dr. J. E. GRAY. 1848. Wd.

Part 3. Birds. By G. R. GRAY. 1850. 4*.

Part 4. Crustacea. By A. WHITE. 1850. 2s. 6d.

Part 5. Lepidoptera. By J. F. STEPHENS. 1850. 5s.

Part 6. Hymenoptera. By F. SMITH. 1851. 25.

Part 7 '. Mollusca Acephala and Brachiopoda. By Dr. J. E.

GRAY. 1851. 35. 6d.
Part8. Fish. By A. WHITE. 1851. 3s.
Part 9. Eggs of British Birds. By G. R. GRAY. 1852.

2s. 6d.
Part 10. Lepidoptera (continued). By J. F. STEPHENS.

1852. 25.

Part 11. Anoplura or Parasitic Insects. By H. DENNY. Is.
Part 12. Lepidoptera (continued). By J. F. STEPHENS.

T 1852. 9d.
Part 13. Nomenclature of Hymenoptera. By F. SMITH.

1853. Is. Sd.

Part 14. Nomenclature of Neuroptera. By A. WHITE.
1853.



N.B. These Catalogues can be obtained at the Secretary's Office
in the BRITISH MUSEUM ; of Messrs. LONGMAN & Co. ; or
of any Bookseller.

June 1853.



CATALOGUE



MARINE POLYZOA



THE COLLECTION



BRITISH MUSEUM.



PART I.
CHEILOSTOMATA (PART).



LONDON:

PRINTED BY ORDER OF THE TRUSTEES.
1852.



PRINTED BY TAYLOR AND FRANCIS,
RED LION COURT, FLEET STREET.



NOTICE.



IN the present Catalogue it is intended to comprise figures
and descriptions of all the species of Marine Polyzoa in the
Collection of the British Museum, and from typical speci-
mens therein contained.

This Collection, already valuahle, especially in the posses-
sion of Dr. Johnston's specimens, has recently been mate-
rially augmented by the addition of numerous Australian
and other forms, many of them new, procured by Mr. J.
M'Gillivray, on the Voyage of H.M.S. Rattlesnake. It
has also been much enriched by the liberality of Charles
Darwin, Esq., F.R.S., Dr. J. Hooker, F.R.S., Dr. Lyall,
R. M 'Andrew, Esq., F.R.S., J. S. Bowerbank, Esq., F.R.S.,
the late W. Thompson, Esq., of Belfast, and others, who
have placed their Collections at Mr. Busk's disposal, for
the purposes of this Catalogue, and for the selection of the
specimens required for the Museum Collection.

The Catalogue has been prepared, and the drawings
made, by Mr. GEORGE BUSK, F.R.S., who has also super-



IV

intended the execution of the lithography. The magnified
figures have in all cases been taken from nature, and for the
most part from specimens preserved in fluid, in order to
ensure a more natural aspect than that afforded hy dried
specimens. As they have been drawn with the aid of the
camera lucida, and to a scale which is given with each plate
or figure, the absolute and relative proportions of the dif-
ferent objects will be at once obvious.

The other Parts will appear as soon as they can be pre-
pared.



JOHN EDWARD GRAY.



British Museum,

August 1, 1852.



LIST OF SPECIES.



Class POLYZOA



Order I. P. INFUNDIBULATA.,
Suborder I. CHEILOSTOMATA



1. Articulata 2

I. Uniserialaria 2

Family 1. CATKNICELLID^ 2

Gen. 1. Catenicella ., 3

oc. Fenestratse. 1. C. lorica 6

2. C. ventricosa 7

3. C. hastata 7

4. C. aurita 8

5. C. amphora 8

6. C. plagiostoma 8

7. C. cribraria 9

8. C. margaritacea 9

/3. Vittatae. 9. C. fonnosa 9

10. C. perforata ... 10

11. C. ringens 10

12. C. elegans 10

13. C. corauta 11

14. C. umbonata 11

15. C. gibbosa 12

16. C. taurina 12

y. Simplices. 17. C. carinata 12

Gen. 2. Alysidium 14

1. A. parasiticum ...... 14

2. A. lafontii 14



LIST OF SPECIES.

Page



Gen. 3. Calpidium

1. C. ornatum



2. Bi-multiserialaria .................................... ^

Fam. 2. SALICORNARIAD^S .......................................

Gen. 1. Salicornaria .............................. }6

1. S. farciminoides ......... lo

2. S. gracilis.... .............. 17

3. S. tenuirostris ............ 17

4. S. malvinensis ............ 18

Gen. 2. Nellia ....................................

1. N. oculata ...............

2. N. simplex ............... 19

1 9
Fam. 3. CELLULARIAD^B ...... . .......................

Gen. 1. Cellularia ................................. \ 9

1. C. cuspidata ............

2. C. peachii ............... 20

3. C. ornata .................. 20

Gen. 2. Menipea ................. ............... 20

1. M. fuegensis ............ ^1

2. M. ternata ............... 21

3. M. cirrata .................. 21

4. M. triseriata ............... 22

5. M. multiseriata ......... 22-

6. M. patagonica ............ 22

Gen. 3. Scrupocellaria ........... . ............... 23

1. S. cervicornis ............ ^4

2. S. diadema ............... 24

3. S. scrupea ............... 24

4. S. macandrei ............... 24

5. S. cyclostoma ........... 24

6. S. ferox .................. 25

7. S. scruposa ............... 25

Gen. 4. Canda .............. ........ .............. ^6

1. C. arachnoides ............ **>

2. C. reptans ............... 26

Gen. 5. Emma .................................... ~?

1. E. crystallina ............ &

2. E. tricellata ............... 28



LIST OF SPECIES. Vll

Page

2. Inarticulata seu continua 28

1. Uniserialaria 28

Fam. 4. SCRUPARIAD^E 28

Gen. 1. Scruparia 28

1. S. chelata 29

Gen. 2. Hippothoa 29

1. H. catenularia 29

2. H. divaricata 30

3. H. patagonica 30

Gen. 3. ^Etea 30

1. J&. anguina 31

2. ^E. dilatata 31

3. M. ligulata 31

4. M. truncata 31

Gen. 4. Beania 32

1. B. mirabilis 32

2. B. australis 32

Fam. 5. FARCIMINARIAD^E 32

Gen. 1. Farciminaria 32

1. F. aculeata 33

Fam. 6. GEMELLARIAD^E 33

Gen. 1. Gemellaria 34

1. G. loricata 34

Gen. 2. Didymia 35

1. D. simplex 35

Gen. 3. Dimetopia 35

1. D. spicata 35

2. D. cornuta 35

Gen. 4. Notamia 36

1. N. bursaria 36

Fam. 7. CABEREAD^E 37

Gen. 1. Caberea 37

1. C. rudis 38

2. C. boryi 38

3. C. hookeri 34

4. C. lata 39



viil LIST OF SPECIES.

Page

Gen. 2. Amastigia 40

1. A. nuda 40

Fam. 8. BICELLARIADJE 41

Gen. 1. Bicellaria 41

1. B. ciliata 41

2. B. gracilis 42

3. B. grandis 42

4. B. tuba 42

Gen. 2. Halophila 43

1. H. johnstonise 43

Gen. 3. Bugula 43

1. B. neritina 43

2. B. flabellata 44

3. B. avicularia 45

4. B. plumosa 45

5. B. dentata 46

6. B. murrayana 46

Fam. 9. FLUSTRAD^S 46

Gen. 1. Flustra 47

1. F. foliacea 47

2. F. papyracea 48

3. F. truncata 48

4. F. octodon 49

5. F. denticulata 49

Gen. 2. Carbasea 50

1. C. papyrea 50

2. C. pisciformis 50

3. C. armata 50

4. C. cribriformis 51

5. C. dissimilis 51

6. C. episcopalis 52

7. C. bombycina 52

8. C. ovoidea 52

9. C. elegans 53

10. C. indivisa 53

Gen. 3. Diachoris 53

1. D. crotali 54

2. D. magellanica 54

3. D. inermis 54



CATALOGUE



OP



MARINE POLYZOA.



Class POLYZOA.

Polyzoa, J. V. Thompson, Zool Research. Mem. v. 92 (1830);

J. E. Gray, Syn. Brit. Mus. 133 ; Johnst. Hist. Brit. Zooph.

ed. 2. 253.
Bryozoa, Ehrenberg, Symbolce Phy sices (1831) ; Cor all. des Roth.

Meer. 153; Jones, Anim. Kingd. 107, 117; Owen, Lect. 93,

10L
Molluscan Zoophytes s. Zoophyta Ascidioida, Johnst. Mag. Zool.

fy Bot. i. 448; Couch, Corn. Faun. iii. 84.
Les Bryozoaires, Audouin and Milne-Edwards, Lam. Anim. s.

Vert. ed. 2. iL 104.

Ciliobrachiata, Farre, Phil. Trans. 1837.
Polypes tnniciens, M. Edwards, Mem. 16.
Polypiaria (pars), Blainv. Diet. Sci. Nat. 1830, k. 364.

Order I. POLYZOA INFUNDIBULATA.

Polypiaria infundibulata, P. Gervais, Ann. d. Sc. Nat. (1837) vii.
79.

B



2 MARINE POLYZOA.

Suborder I. CHEILOSTOMATA.

Aperture of the cell filled with a thin membranaceous or calca-
reous velum, with a crescentic mouth provided with a moveable
lip.

Escharadse, Flustradse, Cellariadae (ex Crisia), Fleming, Brit,

Anim. 1828.

Polypiaria operculifera et cellarisea (ex Crisia), Blainville, 1834.
Escharina, Celleporina, Ehrenb. 1834.
Cheilostomata, Busk, in Voy. of Rattlesn. i. 346, 1852.

Synopsis of Families.
Suborder I. CHEILOSTOMATA.

A. Articulata.

a. Uniserialaria.

Fam. 1. Catenicellidae, p. 3.

b. Bi-multiserialaria.

Fam. 2. Salicornariada?, p. 15.
Fam. 3. Cellulariadee, p. 19.

B. Inarticulata seu continua.

a. Uniserialaria.

Fam. 4. Scrupariada3, p. 28.

b. Bi-multiserialaria.

Fam. 5. Farciminariadse, p. 32.
Fam. 6. Gemellariadae, p. 33.
Fam. 7- Cabereadae, p. 37.
Fam. 8. Bicellariadse, p. 41.
Fam. 9. Flustradse, p. 46.
Fam. 10. Membraniporida3.
Fam. 11. Celleporidse.
Fam. 12. Escharadse.
Fam. 13. Vinculariadse.
Fam. 14. Selenariada3.

1. ARTICULATA. Polyzoary divided into distinct portions or
joints by flexible articulations.

1. UNISERIALARIA. Cells disposed in a single series.



MARINE POLYZOA.

Fam. 1. CATENICELLID^E.
Cells connected by flexible joints.
Catenicellidae, Busk, Voy. of Rattlesn. i. 352.

Synopsis of Genera.

1. Catenicella.

2. Alysidium.

3. Calpidium.

I. CATENICELLA.

Cells arising one from the upper and back part of another by a
short corneous tube, all facing the same way, and forming dicho-
tomously divided branches, of an erect phytoid polyzoary ; cell
at each bifurcation geminate ; each cell with two lateral processes
usually supporting an avicularium. Ovicells either subglobose
and terminal, or galeriform, and placed below the opening of a
cell in front.

Catenicella, p., Blainvitte, Man. d'Act.
Catenaria, Savigny, Egypt, pi. 13.

It is much to be regretted that no observations have hitherto
been made upon the living animal in this genus, which might
almost be regarded as the type of the suborder to which it be-
longs ; and it is to be hoped that future observers, in the Austra-


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