British Museum (Natural History). Dept. of Zoology.

Catalogue of the specimens of Mammalia in the collection of the British Museum (Volume 3) online

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CATALOGUE



OF THE SPECIMENS OF



MAMMALIA



THE COLLECTION



BRITISH MUSEUM.



PART III.
UNGULATA FURCIPEDA.



LONDON:

PRINTED BY ORDER OF THE TRUSTEES.
1852.



PRINTED BY TAYLOR AND FRANCIS,
RKD LION COURT, FLEET STREET.



PREFACE.



1HE chief object in preparing the present Synopsis has
been, to give at one view a complete Catalogue of all the
specimens of Mammalia, and their Osteological remains, at
present in the British Museum Collection, and an account
of the species known to exist in other collections, but which
are at present desiderata in the British Museum, so as to
enable travellers, collectors, and others, to assist in com-
pleting the National Collection. For this purpose, a short
description has been given of all the genera and species at
present known to exist in the different museums and private
collections, and at the end of each description is added an
enumeration, stating the state, age, country, and other pecu-
liarities of each specimen of the kind in the Museum Collec -
tion ; or when the species is not at present in that Collection,
the museum, in which it has been observed, is added after
the general habitat of the species.

The different individuals of each species contained in the
British Museum Collection are indicated by the letters a, b,
c, &c. When the age of the specimen is not stated, it is to
be understood that it is full-grown, or nearly so ; when other-

a2



IV PREFACE.

wise, its state is marked immediately after the letter by
which it is distinguished ; and if the sexes are known, it is
stated to be male or female. These particulars are followed
by the habitat, which is given as particularly as the mate-
rials possessed by the Museum permit. Those specimens
which have been presented to the Museum have the name
of the donor marked immediately after the habitat. When
there is no such indication, the specimens have been either
purchased or procured in exchange ; and in this case, when-
ever the place or person from whence they have been re-
ceived gives authenticity to the specimen, or adds anything
to their history, they are noted as being from such or such
a collection.

The various synonyms have been given to the different
divisions of the class, and to the genera and subgenera and
species, and a reference made to the works in which they
have been characterized or described.

In the adoption of the names for these divisions and for
the names of the genera and species, it has been thought
right to use, whenever it was possible, that which was first
used for the purpose. As far as regards the specific name,
there is comparatively little difficulty in the application of
this simple rule ; but ordinal, and especially generic names,
have been used by different authors in senses so widely dif-
ferent, and the groups which they are intended to designate
have been so variously extended and restricted, that it is no
easy matter to determine, where several names have been
used, which of them ought to be preferred. As every ori-
ginal observer will constantly make use of characters which
others may have overlooked, or not thought of so much
importance as further researches have shown to belong to
it, even when a generic name is used, it will of necessity be
often employed in a different sense, or with a more restricted



PREFACE.



or very rarely a more extended meaning than its original
proposer applied to it. If this was not allowed, many new
names must be added to the list of genera, which is already
so overburdened with synonyma. In those cases where the
two sexes of the same species, or any particular individual
state or variety belonging to it, have been differently named,
the names belonging exclusively to the state or individual
described are placed after the reference to the specimens to
which they apply. To determine with accuracy the names
and synonyma of the species, the various specimens, skele-
tons and other remains of Hoofed animals in the Museums
of the Zoological Society, of the East India Company, of the
Naval Hospital at Haslar, and of the different local Societies,
especially those of Liverpool, Bristol, &c., and the various
continental Museums of Paris, Ley den, Berlin, Vienna,
and Frankfort, have been personally examined, and in
many cases the specimens contained in those Museums have
been sent to the Museum, so that they could be actually
compared with specimens in the Museum Collection.



JOHN EDWARD GRAY.



British Museum,

1st December, 1852.



SYSTEMATIC INDEX.



Page

Order V. UNGULATA 1

1. Fnrcipeda 8

Fam. 1. BOVID.E 8

I. Tribe 1. Bovina 12

A. Levicornia 15

I. BovecR 15

A. 1. Bos 16

1. B. Taurus 17

2. B. Indicus 21

3. B.Dante 22

2. BUBALUS 23

1. B. brachycerus 24

2. B. Buffelus 25

3. B. Caffer 28

3. ANOA 29

1. A. depressicornis .... 29

4. BIBOS 30

1. B. frontalis 31

2. B. Gaums 32v

3. B. Banting 35

5. BISON 35

1. B. Bonassus 36

2. B. Americanus 38

B. 6. POEPHAGUS 39

1. P. grunniens 40

7. OVIBOS 42

1. 0. moschatus '43

8. BUDORCAS 44

1. B. taxicola 45

II. Antilopea 45

A. 1. SAIGA 51

1. S. Tartarica 51



Page

2. PANTHOLOPS 52

1. P. Hodgsonii 53

3. PROCAPRA 54

1. P. gutturosa 54

2. P. picticauda 55

4. GAZELLA 55

1. G. Dorcas 55

2. G. Isabella 57

3. G. subgutturosa 58

4. G. Soemmeringii ... 59

5. G. Mohr 59

6. G. ruficollis 60

7. G. rufifrons 60

5. TRAGOPS 61

1. T. Bennettii 62

6. ANTIDORCAS 63

1. A. Euchore 63

7. /EPYCEROS 64

1. JE. Melampus 65

8. ANTILOPE 66

1. A. bezoartica 66

9. TETRACERUS 67

1. T. quadricornis 68

2. T. lodes 69

3. T. paccervis 69

4. T. subquadricornutus 70

10. CALOTRAGUS 70

1. C. campestris 71

2. C. melanotis 72

11. SCOPOPHORUS 73

1. S. Ourebi 73

2. S. montanus 74

12. OREOTRAGUS 74

1. 0. saltatrix 74



SYSTEMATIC INDEX.



Page

13. NESOTRAGUS 75

1. N. moschatus 75

14. NEOTRAGUS 76

1. N. Saltianus 76

15. CEPHALOPHUS 76

1. C. quadriscopa 77

2. C. Grimmia 78

3. C. Campbellise 80

4. C. Burchellii 81

5. C. Madoqua 82

6. C. coronatus 82

7. C. sylvicultrix 83

8. C. Ogilbii 83

9. C. badius 84

10. C. dorsalis 84

11. C. niger , 84

12. C. Natalensis 85

13. C. rufilatus 85

14. C. Maxwellii 86

15. C. pygraea 87

16. C. melanorheus 88

17. C. punctulatus 88

18. C. Whitfieldii 88

16. NANOTRAGUS 89

1. N. perpusillus 89

17. PELEA 90

1. P. Capreola 90



18. ELEOTRAGUS 91

1. E. aruudinaceus 91

2. E. reduncus 94

? RAPHICERUS 95

c. 19. ADENOTA 96

1. A. Kob 96

2. A. Lechee 98

20. KOBUS 99

1. K. ellipsiprymnus ... 99

2. K. Sing-Sing 99

21. HIPPOTRAGUS 102

1. H. leucophaeus 102

2. H. niger 104

22. ORYX 105

1. 0. Gazella 105

2. O. Beisa 106

3. 0. Leucoryx 107



Page

23. ADDAX 108

1. A. nasomaculatus ... 108

24. CAPRICORNIS 110

1. C. Sumatrensis 110

2. C. Bubalina Ill

3. C.Pcrispa 112

25. NEMORHEDUS 112

1. N. Goral 112

26. MAZAMA 114

1. M. Americana 114

27. RUPICAPRA 115

1. R. Tragus 115

28. ANTILOCAPRA 116

1. A. Americana 117

29 & 30. CONNOCHETES .... 119

1. C. Gnu 119

2. C. Gorgon 121

31. ALCELAPHUS 122

1. A. Bubalis 123

2. A. Caama 124

32. DAMALIS 125

1. D. lunatus 125

2. D. Senegalensis 126

3. D. Pygarga 127

4. D. albifrons 129

5. D.? Zebra 129

B. Angulicornia 131

III. Strepsicerea 131

1. STREPSICEROS 132

1. S. Kudu 133

2. OREAS 134 -

1. 0. Canna 134

2. 0. Derbianus 135

3. TRAGELAPHUS 136

1. T. Eurycerus 136

2. T. Angasii 137

3. T. scripta 138

4. T. Decula 139

5. T. sylvatica .. 139



SYSTEMATIC INDEX.



4. PORTAX

1. P. Tragocamelus



Page
, 140
, 141



IV. Caprea 142

1. HEMITRAGUS 144

1. H. Jemlaicus 144

2. KEMAS 146

1. K. Warryato 146

3. ^GOCEROS 147

1. M. Pyrenaica 147

2. JE>. Caucasica 148

4. CAPRA 149

1. C. Ibex 149

2. C. Sibirica 150

3. C. Himalayana 150

4. C. laevicornis 151

5. C. Nubiana 151

6. C. Valie 152

5. HIRCUS 152

1. H. j^Egagrus 153

V. Ovea 160

1. Ovis 161

1. O.Aries 161

2. CAPROVIS 171

1. C. Vignei 172

2. C. Orientalis 172

3. C. Musimon 173

4. C. Argali 174

5. C. Canadensis 176

3. PSEUDOIS 177

1. P. Nahoor 177

4. AMMOTRAGUS 179

1. A. Tragelaphus 179

Tribe 2. Giraffina 180

1. GlRAFFA 180

I. G. Camelopardalis... 181

II. Tribe 3. Cervina.,.. 182



Page

1. Alcea 186

1. ALCES 186

1. A. Malchis 187

2. Rangerince 188

1. TARANDUS 188

1. T. rangifer 189

3. Elaphina 193

1. CERVUS 193

1. C. Canadensis 193

2. C. Elaphus 195

3. C. Barbarus 197

4. C. Wallichii 197

5. C. affinis 199

6. C. Sika 200

2. DAMA 200

1. D. vulgaris 200

4. RusincB 201

1. PANOLIA 202

1. P. Eldii 202

2. RUCERVUS 203

1. R. Duvaucellii 203

3. RUSA 205

1. R. Aristotelis 205

2. R. Dimorphe 209

3. H. hippelaphus 209

4. R. Equinus 210

5. R. Peronii 211

6. R. Philippinus 211

7. R. lepida? 212

4. Axis 212

1. A. maculata 212

2. A. pseudaxis 215

5. HYELAPHUS 215

1. H, porcinus 215

6. CERVULUS 217

1. C. vaginalis 217

2. C. inoscbatus 218

3. C. Reevesii 220



SYSTEMATIC INDEX.



Page

5. Capreolina 221

1. CAPREOLUS 221

1. C. Capraea 222

2. C. pygargus 223

2. BLASTOCERUS 223

1. B. paludosus 224

2. B. campestris 224

3. FURCIFER 226

1. F. Antisiensis 226

2. F. Huarael 227

4. CARIACUS 228

1. C. Virginianus 228

2. C. Mexicanus 230

3. C. leucurus 230

4. C.? nemoralis 232

5. C. punctulatus 232

6. C. Lewisii 233

7. C. macrotis 234

5. COASSUS 236

1. C. nemorivagus 237

2. C. rufus 238

3. C. superciliaris 239

4. C. auritus 239

6. PUDU 240

1. P. humilis 240

Tribe 4. Moschina 241

1, MOSCHUS 242

1. M. Sibiricus 243

2. M. moschiferus 244



Page

3. M. leucogaster 245

4. M. chrysogaster 245

2. MEMINNA .,, 246

1. M, indica 246

3. HYEMOSCHUS 247

1. H. aquaticus 248

4. TRAGULTJS 248

1. T. Stanleyanus 249

2. T. Javanicus 249

3. T. pygmseus 250

TribeS. Camelina 251

1. CAMELUS 252

1. C. Arabicus 252

2. C. Bactrianus 253

2. LAMA 254

1. L. Vicugna '. 256

2. L. Guanacus 257

3. L. Glama 260

4. L. Pacos 260

Fam. 2. EQUID.E 262

1. EQUUS 262

1. E. Caballus 263

2. ASINUS 268

1. A. vulgaris 268

2. A. Onager 269

3. A. Hemionus 272

4. A. Equuleus 275

5. A. Quagga 275

6. A. Burchellii 276

7. A. Zebra 277



GEOGRAPHIC INDEX.



Europe.

Page

Bos Taurus. Domesticated 17

indicus. Domesticated 21

Bubalus Buffelus. Domesticated 25

Bison Bonassus. Poland 36

Rupicapra Tragus 115

^Egoceros Pyrenaica 147

Caucasica 148

Capralbex 149

Hircus ^Egagrus. Domesticated 153

Caprovis Musimon. Sardinia 173

Alces Malchis 187

Tarandus rangifer. Arctic Circle 189

Cervus Elaplms 195

Dama vulgaris. Domesticated 200

Capreolus Capraea 222

South Africa.

Bos Taurus. Domesticated 17

Bubalus Gaffer 28

Antidorcas Euchore 63

^Epyceros Melampus 65

Calotragus campestris 71

melanotis..... 72

Scopophorus Ourebi 73

Oreotragus saltatrix 74

Cephalophus Grimmia 78

Campbelliae 80

Burchellii 81

Natalensis. Port Natal 85

pygmea 87

Pelea Capreola 90

Eleotragus arundinaceus 91

Adenota Lechee. Tropics 98

Kobus ellipsiprymnus 99

Hippotragus leucophaeus 102

niger 104

OryxGazella 105



GEOGRAPHIC INDEX.

Page

Connochetes Gnu 119

- Gorgon 121

Alcelaphus Caama 124

Damalis lunatus 125

Pygarga 127

albifrons 129

Strepsiceros Kudu 133

Oreas Canna 134

Tragelaphus Angasii 137

sylvatica . 138

Hircus ^Egagrus. Domesticated 153

Ovis Aries. Domesticated 161

Giraffa Camelopardalis 181

Equus Caballus. Domesticated 263

Asinus vulgaris. Domesticated 268

Quagga 275

Burchellii 276

Zebra 277

North Africa.

Bos Taurus Domesticated 17

Dante. Domesticated 22

Bubalus Buffdus. Domesticated 25

Gazella Dorcas 56

Oryx Leucoryx... s 107

Addax nasomaculatus 108

Alcelaphus Bubalis 123

Capra Nubiana 152

Hircus jEgagrus. Domesticated 153

Ovis Aries. Domesticated 161

Ammotragus Tragelaphus 179

Giraffa Camelopardalis 181

Cervus Elaphus, var. Algeria 197

Barbarus. Barbary 197

Camelus Arabicus 252

Equus Caballus. Domesticated 263

Asinus vulgaris. Domesticated 26

West Africa.

Bos Taurus. Domesticated 17

Bos Dante. Domesticated , 22

Bubalus brachycer us .... 24

Gazella Mohr ,,. 59

rufifrons. Gambia 60

Scopophorus montanus 73

? Cephalophus quadriscopa 77

Campbelliae 80

coronatus. Gambia 82

sylvicultrix. Sierra Leone 81

Ogilbii. Fernando Po 83



GEOGRAPHIC INDEX.

Page

? Cephalophus badius. Sierra Leone 84

dorsalis. Sierra Leone 84

niger. Guinea 85

rufilatus. Gambia 86

Maxwellii 86

melanorheus. Fernando Po 88

punctulatus. Sierra Leone 88

Whitfieldii. Gambia 88

Nanotragus perpusillus. Guinea 89

Eleotragus reduncus. Gambia 94

Adenota Kob. Gambia 96

Kobus Sing-Sing. Gambia 99

Oryx Leucoryx. Gambia 107

Damalis Senegalensis. Gambia 126

Zebra. Sierra Leone 129

Oreas Derbianus. Gambia 135

Tragelaphus Eurycerus 136

scripta .~ 138

Hircus jEgagrus. Domesticated 153

Hyemoschus aquaticus 248

Camelus Arabicus. Domesticated 253

Equus Caballus. Domesticated 263

Asinus vulgaris. Domesticated 268

East Africa.

Bos Taurus. Domesticated 17

? Bubalus brachycerus 24

Gazella Dorcas, var 56

Isabella , 57

Soemmeringii 59

ruficollis. Kordofan 60

Scopophorus montanus 73

Oreotragus saltatrix 74

Nesotragus moschatus. Zanzibar 75

Neotragus Saltiana. Abyssinia 76

Cephalophus Madoqua. Abyssinia 82

? Adenota Koba 97

OryxBeisa 106

Strepsiceros Kudu, var 133

Tragelaphus Decula 139

? Capra Nubiana 151

Valie. Abyssinia 152

Hircus ^Egagrus. Domesticated 153

Ovis Aries. Domesticated 161

Equus Caballus. Domesticated 263

Asinus vulgaris. Domesticated 268

Australia.

Bos Taurus. Domesticated 17

Hircus yEgagrus. Domesticated 153

b



GEOGRAPHIC INDEX.

Page

Ovis Aries. Domesticated 161

Equus Caballus. Domesticated 263

Asinus vulgaris. Domesticated 268



? Bos Taurus. Domesticated 17

Indicus. Domesticated 21

Bubalus Buffelus. Domesticated 25

Anoa depressicornis. Celebes 29

Bibos frontalis. India 31

Gaurus. India 33

Banting. Java, Borneo 35

Poephagus grunniens. Thibet 40

Budorcas taxicola. Thibet 45

Saiga Tartarica. Tartary 51

Pantholops Hodgsonii. Thibet 53

Procapra gutturosa. Tartary 54

picticauda. Thibet 55

? Gazella Dorcas, var. India 57

subgutturosa. Tartary 58

Tragops Bennettii. India, plains 62

Antilope Bezoartica. India, plains 66

Tetracerus quadricornis 68

lodes 69

paccervis 69

subquadricornutus 70

Capricornis Sumatrensis. Sumatra 110

Bubalina. India, mountains Ill

crispa. Japan 112

? Nemorhedus Goral. India 112

Portax Tragocamelus. India 141

Hemitragus Jemlaicus. India 144

Kemas Warryato. Western India 146

Capra Sibirica 150

Himalayana 150

Hircus ^Egagrus- Domesticated 153

Ovis Aries. Domesticated 161

Caprovis Vignei. Thibet 172

Argali. Siberia and Tartary 174

Pseudois Nahoor. North India 177

Tarandus rangifer. Arctic regions 183

Cervus Wallichii. India 197

affinis. Thibet 199

Sika. Japan 200

Dama vulgaris. Persia 201

Panolia Eldii. India 202

Rucervus Duvaucellii. India 203

Rusa Aristotelis. India 205

Dimorphe. India 209

Hippelaphus. Java 209



GEOGRAPHIC INDEX.

Page

Rusa Equinus. Sumatra 210

Peronii. Timor 211

Philippinus. Philippines 211

lepidus. Java 212

Axis maculatus. India, plains 212

pseudaxis. India 215

Hyelaphus porcinus. India, plains 215

Cervulus vaginalis. Sumatra. Java 217

moschatus. India 218

Reevesii. China 220

Capreolus pygargus. Siberia 223

Moschus Sibiricus 243

moschiferus 244

leucogaster 245

chrysogaster 245

Meminna indica 246

Tragulus Stanleyanus. Ceylon 249

Javanicus. Java, &c 249

pygmaeus. Java, &c 250

Camelus Arabicus 252

Bactrianus. Domesticated 253

Equus Caballus. Domesticated 263

Asinus vulgaris. Domesticated 268

Onager. India, plains 269

Hemionus. Tartary 272

North America.

Bos Taurus. Domesticated 17

Bison Americanus 36

Ovibos moschatus. Arctic regions 43

Mazama Americana. Arctic regions 114

Antilocapra Americana 117

Hircus ./Egagrus. Domesticated 153

Ovis Aries. Domesticated 161

Caprovis orientalis. Tunis 172

Caprovis Canadensis. Arctic regions 176

Alces Malchis 187

Tarandus rangifer. Arctic regions 189

Cervus Canadensis 193

Cariacus Virginianus 228

Mexicanus 230

leucurus 230

Cariacus nemoralis 232

punctulatus 232

Lewisii 233

macrotis 234

Equus Caballus. Domesticated 263

Asinus vulgaris. Domesticated 268



b2



GEOGRAPHIC INDEX.

South America.

Page

Bos Taurus. Domesticated 17

Hircus ^Egagrus. Domesticated 153

Ovis Aries. Domesticated., 161

Blastocerus paludosus. Brazil 224

campestris. Patagonia 224

Furcifer Antisiensis. Bolivia 227

Huamel. Chili 227

Coassus nemorivagus. Brazil 237

rufus. Brazil 238

superciliaris. Brazil 239

auritus. Brazil? 239

Pudu humilis. Chili 240

Lama Vicugna. Bolivia 256

Guanacus. Chili. Patagonia 257

Lama Glama. Domesticated 260

Pacos. Domesticated 260



CATALOGUE

OP

MAMMALIA.



Order V. UNGULATA.

Teeth irregular. Cutting and canine teeth often wanting in
one or both jaws. Grinders all similar, sometimes even wanting.
Toes large, covered with broad hoofs or large conical claws.

Ungulata, Ray, Syn. 60, 1693 ; Link, Eeytr. 1795 ; Gray, Lond.

Med. Rep. xv. 305, Ann. Phil. 1825 ; Latr. Fam. Nat. 60,

1825; Pomet, Rev. Zool. 1848, 181.
Multungula, Solidungula et Bisulca, Illiger, Prod. 94, 101, 103,

1811.
Mam. 2. Bruta, 5. Pecora, and 6. Belluse, Linn, Syst. Nat. ed.

12. i. 26, 1766.

Gravigrades or Onguligrades normaux, Blainv. 1816.
Les Edentes, Les Pachydermes, et Les Ruminans, Cuvier, R. A.

i. 215, 227, 246, 1817; ed. 2. i. 223, 1829.
Edentata et Ungulata, Latr. Fam. Nat. 1825.
M. ungulatorum, Storr. Prod. Mam. 47, 1780.
Q. Proboscidise, Tesserachenae, Trichaenae, Monochsense, Hydro-

phorae, et Ruminantes, Gray, Lond. Med. Rep. xv. 307, 1821.
Belluse, Pecora, et Bruta, Selys Long champs.
Mam. Stereoplia, Pachydermia, et Anodonea, Rafin. Anal. Nat.

54-57, 1815.

These animals have been arranged by various scientific authors
in the following manner :

Ray, in the Synopsis Methodica Animalium Quadrupedum,
1693, 60, divides the viviparous, hairy animals or quadrupeds,
thus :

A. UNGULATA. I. Solidipeda. Equus, Asinus, Zebra.

II. Bisulca. \.Ruminantia. a. Bos, Ovis, Capra. b. Cervus.
2. Non-ruminantia. Sus.



2 MAMMALIA.

III. Quadrisulca. Rhinoceros, Hippopotamus, &c.

B. UNGUICULATA. 1. Bifido. Camelus. 2. Multifido.
a. Digitis indivisis. Elephas. 3. Anomala. Tatou sive Arma-
dillo, Tamandua, and Ai sive Ignavus.

Linnaeus (Sy sterna Natures, ed. 12, 1766) divides the Hoofed
animals into three orders, and arranges the genera thus :

Order II. BRUTA. 5. Elephas. 7- Bradypus. 8. Myrmeco-
phaga. 9. Manis. 10. Dasypus.

Order V. PECORAI 27. Camelus. 28. Moschus. 29. Cervus.
30. Capra. 31. Ovis. 32. Bos.

Order VI. BELLU^E. 33. Equus. 34. Hippopotamus. 35. Sus.
36. Rhinoceros.

Thomas Pennant, in the Synopsis of Quadrupeds, 1771 5 8vo,
divides these animals thus :

I. HOOFED QUADRUPEDS. 1. Whole-hoofed. Horse. 2.
Cloven-hoofed. Ox, Sheep, Goat, Giraffe, Antelope, Deer, Musk,
Camel, Hog, Rhinoceros, Hippopotame, Tapir, Elephant.

II. DIGITATED QUADRUPEDS. 4. Without cutting teeth.
Sloth and Armadillo. 5. Without teeth. Manis, Ant-eater.

Professor Charles Illiger (Prodromus Systematis Mammalium
et Avium, 1811) arranged the Hoofed quadrupeds as follows :
Order V. MULTUNGULA. Fam. 16. Lamnunguia. 55. Li-
pura. 56. Hyrax. 17. Proboscidea. 57. Elephas. 18. Nasi-
cornia. 58. Rhinoceros. 19. Obesa. 59. Hippopotamus. 20.
Nasuta. 60. Tapirus. 21. Setigera. 61. Sus.

Order VI. SOLIDUNGULA. 22. Solidungula. 62. Equus.

Order VII. BISULCA. 23. Tylopoda. 63. Camelus. 64.
Auchenia. 24. Devexa. 65. Camelopardalis. 25. Capreoli.
66. Cervus. 67. Moschus. 26. Cavicornia. 68. Antilope. 69.
Capra. 70. Bos.

Order VIII. TARDIGRADA. 27. Tardigrada. 71. Bradypus.
72. Cholcepus. 73. Prochilus.

Order IX. EFFODIENTIA. 28. Cingulata. 74. Tolypeutes.
75. Dasypus. 29. Vermilingua. 76. Orycteropus. 77. Myrme-
cophaga. 78. Manis.

Order X. REPTANTIA. 30. Reptantia. 79. Tachyglossus.
80. Ornithorhynchus. 80 b. Pamphractus.

C. S. Rafinesque (in his Analyse de la Nature, 12mo, 1815)
divides the Hoofed quadrupeds into orders, thus :

Order IV. STEREOPLIA. \.Stereopodia. Fam. 8. Solipedia.
Caballus. 2. Eisulcia. Fam. 9. Camelinia. Camelus, Mos-
chus. Fam. 10. Ruminalia. 1. Stereoceria, Cervus, Munt-
jacus, Giraffa. 2. Cerynxia. Taurus, Aries, Hircus, Antilope, &c.

Order V. PACHYDERMIA. Fam. 11. Eellua. \.Rhinoceria.



MAMMALIA. O

Rhinoceros and Unicornus. 2. Rhineteria. Elephas, Tapirus,
Aper, Tagassus, Babirussa, Pachurus. Fam. 12. Brutia. 1. Hy-
raxia. Hippotamus, Hyrax.

Order VI. ANODONEA. 1. Eradypia. Fam. 13. Tardigradia.
Bradypus, Unaus. 14. Dasypia. Dasypus, Matacus, Oryctopus.
4. Stomalia. 15. Manisia. 1. Perilepia, Pangolinus, Phataginus.
2. Tamandania, Myrmecophaga, Tamandua. 16. Monotremia.
Echidna and Ornithorinchus.

Cuvier (Reg. Animal, i. 215, 1817) places the Hoofed quadru-
peds in three orders, thus :

Order I. EDENTES. a. Tardigrades. 1. Paresseux (Brady-
pus). 2. Megatherium, b. Edentes ordinaires. 3. Tatous. 4.
Orycteropes. 5. Fourmiliers. 6. Pangolins, c. Monotremes.
7. Echidnes. 8. Ornithorinque.

Order II. PACHYDERMES. a. Proboscidiens. 1. Elephans.
2. Mastodontes. b. P achy derm es ordinaires. 3. Hippopotames.
4. Cochons. 5. Anoplotherium. 6. Rhinoceros. 7 ' Damans
(Hyrax). 8. Palseotherium. 9. Tapirs, c. Solidipedes. Che-
vaux (Equus).

Order III. RUMINANS. a. Sans comes. 1. Chameux (Ca-
melus). 2. Chevrotains (Moschus). b. Avec comes. 3. Cerfs
(Cervus). 4. Girafes. 5. Antelopes. 6. Chevres (Capra). 7-
Moutons (Ovis). 8. Boeufs (Bos).

The same arrangement, with rather more detail, is used in the
second edition, published in 1829.

Mr. J. E. Gray, in the Natural Arrangement of Vertebrose Ani-
mals (Medical Repository, 1821, 304), arranged the Ungulated
Mammalia into order thus :

Order VI. TARDIGRADA. 1. Bradypidce. Bradypus, Unaus.

Order VII. OLIGODONT^E. 2. Dasipida. Dasypus. 3. Ory-
cteropida. Orycteropus.

Order VIII. EDENTUL^E. 1. Manidce. 1. Myrmecophaga.
2. Tamandua. 3. Cyclopes. 4. Manis.

Order IX. PROBOSCIDI^E. 1. Elephantidce. Elephas.

Order X. TESSERACHEN^E. 1. Hippopot amides. Hippo-
potamus. 2. SuidcK. Sus, Phacochseres, Dicotyles, Babi-
roussa.

Order XI. TRICHENA. 1. Rhinocerid(e. Rhinoceros, Mono-
ceros. 2. Hyracidae. Hyrax. 3. Tapiridce. Tapirus, Hydro-
chorus (sumatranus).

Order XII. MONOCH^ENA. 1. Equida. Equus.

Order XIII. HYDROPHORA. 1. Camelidce.

Order XIV. RUMINANTIA. 1. Moschidce. Moschus, Me-
mina. 2. Cervidce. Alces, Cervus, Capreolus. 3. Girqfidce.
Camelopardalis. 4. Antilopidce. Dorcas, Caama, Oryx, Tseeran,

A2



4 MAMMALIA.

Canna, Nylgau, Catablepas. 5. Caprida. Capra, Ovis. 6. Bo-
vid(B. Bos.

Mr. Gray, in the " Outline of the Distribution of Mammalia "
(Annals of Philosophy, 1825), proposes to divide the Order
UNGULATA thus :

I. Middle toes large, equal. Fam. 1 . Bovidae. 2. Equidae.

II. Toes 3, 4, 5, subequal. Fam. 3. Elephantidse. 4. Dasy-
pidae. 5. Bradypidae.

This arrangement is followed in the List of Mammalia in the
Collection of the British Museum, 1843 ; the List of Osteological
Specimens in the British Museum, 1847 ; the List of Mammalia
and Birds of Nepaul, presented by B. H. Hodgson, Esq., to the
British Museum ; and in this work.

Dr. J. B. Fischer (in the Synopsis Mammalium, 8vo, 1828)
combines together the Linnaean and Cuvierian arrangement, and
arranges the Hoofed Mammalia thus :

Order VI. BRUTA. a. 102. Bradypus. 104. Dasypus. 105.
Orycteropus. 106. Myrmecophaga. 107. Manis. b. 108. Echid-
na. 109. Ornithorhynchus.

Order VII. BELLUA. 110. Elephas. 112. Tapirus. 115.
Rhinoceros. 117. Hyrax. 118. Dicotyles. 119. Sus. 120. Pha-
cochcerus. 121. Hippopotamus. 126. Equus.

Order VIII. PECORA. 127. Camelus. 128. Lama. 129. Mos-
chus. 130. Cervus. 131. Camelopardalis. 132. Antilope.
133. Capra. 134. Bos.

Wagler, in the Naturl. System Amphibien, 1830, divides the
Hoofed animals thus :

Order VI. SCROF.E. 1. Dycotyles. 2. Sus. 3. Porcus.
4. Phacochaerus. 5. Rhinochaerus. 6. Elephas. 1 . Hippopo-
tamus. 8. Rhinoceros.

Order VII. HYRACES. 1. Hyrax.

Order XIII. CAMELI. 1. Camelus and Dromedarius. 2. Ca-
melopardalis.

Order XIV. PECORA. 1. Moschus. 2. Cervus. 3. Bos.

Order XV. Eaui. 1. Equus.

Order XVII. ORYCTEROPODES. 1. Chlamydophorus. 2. Che-



Online LibraryBritish Museum (Natural History). Dept. of ZoologyCatalogue of the specimens of Mammalia in the collection of the British Museum (Volume 3) → online text (page 1 of 25)