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Catalogue of the specimens of Mammalia in the collection of the British Museum (Volume 3) online

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of the thighs, under the neck, from the ears to the gullet,
a streak over each eye, and ring above the hoofs and false hoofs,
white. Belly and legs blacker. End of tail and legs, from
shoulder to hough, black. Females greyer. Belly and upper part
of legs paler.

Antilope Sing-Sing, Bennett, Rep. Zool. Soc. ; Waterhouse, Cat.

Zpol. Soc. Mus. 41. n. 378.
Antilope defassa, Ruppell, Faun. Abyss, t. 3.
Redunca defassa, Ruppell, Verz. Senck. Samml. 1822, 1845.
Antilope unctuosa, Laurillard, D'Orb. Diet. Univ. H. N. i.

t. 622 <?, good.

A. Neotragus unctuosa, Lesson, Nov. Tab. R. A. 178, 1842.
Antilope Koba, Ogilby, Penny Ency. ii. 79 f. $; Proc. Zool.

Soc. 1836, not Erxl
?Koba, Buffon, H. N. xii. 210. 267. t. 32. f. 2, horn? (more

probably Damalis py gar gal).
? Senegal Antelope (part.), Pennant, Syn. 38, part, from Buffon

only.
Hab.' W.Africa.

Female, adult. Gambia. Presented by the Earl of Derby.
Male, young. Gambia. Presented by the Earl of Derby.

OSTEOLOGY.

Skeleton, male, young. Gambia. Presented by the Earl of Derby.
Skull, female, adult. Gambia. Presented by the Earl of Derby.
Skull, female, young. Gambia. Presented by the Earl of Derby.

This species varies much in the tint of the colouring, and in
the length of the hair in the different seasons. In summer they
are covered with very short, elosely pressed fur, letting the skin
be seen between the hairs. In the cold weather, and in England,
the fur is longer and more abundant. The hair of the chin and
neck is long and rigid in all seasons, and even in the young ani-
mals. The tail of the adult specimen is cylindrical and nearly
bald, ending in a tuft of black hair ; in the young specimens,
especially in the winter fur, the base of the tail is fringed with
hair on each side. The male is much brighter-coloured, and the
chest and belly are nearly black, like the legs. The hinder parts
of the rump of the young animals are greyish white ; in the older
specimens it becomes pure white and broader in extent.

This animal is called Sing-Sing by all the negroes. They do
not think their flocks of cattle will be healthy or fruitful unless
they have one of the Sing-Sings accompanying them, as some
persons think a Goat necessary to be in a stable in England.
The English on the Gambia call it the Jackass Deer from its ap-



MAMMALIA. 101

pearance, and it is called Koba and Kassimause by the negroes
at Macarthy's Island. Its flesh is very strong, unpleasant, and
scarcely palatable.

As far as I could judge by my recollection and description, the
adult specimen at Knowsley, the young male and adult female
in the British Museum, the male and female at Frankfort, and
the adult male in the Paris menageries, are the same species.

Buffon figured (Hist. Nat. 210, 267. xii. t. 32. f. 2) under the
name of Koba a pair of horns which were in the library of St.
Victor at Paris. He described them as larger and more curved
above than those of the Kob, eighteen inches long, and five inches
in circumference at the base, and he refers them to an animal
which Adanson says is called Koba in Senegal, and the Great
Brown Cow by the French colonists. Pallas refers these horns
to A. Pygargus, and the figures and description agree in many
particulars with the horns of that species ; but they are rather
longer, and have more rings. Pennant (Syn. Mam. 38) gave
the name of Senegal Antelope to Buifon's short account and
figure, but has added to it the description and the figure of the
head of a skin which came from Amsterdam, and appears to be
A. Caama of South Africa. Cuvier (Diet. Sci. Nat. ii. 235) only
translated Pennant's name to A. Senegalensis. Erxleben (Syn.
293) and Zimmerman (Zool. 345) have translated Pennant's de-
scription of his skin from Amsterdam of A . Caama, and called it
A. Koba, referring to Buifon's description and Daubenton's figure.
Fischer, Hamilton Smith and M. Sundevall regard the Koba of
Buffon the same as the Korrigum of Denham and Clapperton,
but the horns of that species are considerably longer and much
thicker at the base than those described by Daubenton, and the
annulations of the horns are higher and more regular. It should
be remarked that Buffon describes his horns as having eleven or
twelve rings, but figures them as having seventeen or eighteen.
Mr. Ogilby (Penny Cyclopedia and the Proceedings of the Zoolo-
gical Society] considers Buffon's Koba to be the Sing - Sing ;
in the length of the horns, and in the number, disposition and
form of the rings, his figure more nearly agrees with the horns
of that species than of that of the A. Pygarga, to which Pallas
first referred it ; but the horns are represented much more lyrated
than any horns of the Sing -Sing I have seen ; indeed, not one of
the specimens which have come under my observation have had
any inclination to assume that form: but as this is the only
Western- African species which in any way agrees with Buffon's
figure, perhaps it is best to adopt Mr. Ogilby's suggestion. The
name of Koba or Kob appears to be common to many species.
Schinz erroneously considers Damalis Senegalensis, Antilope
adenota and A.forfex (H. Smith) as synonyms of this species.



102 MAMMALIA.

c. Nape with an erect, recurved mane.

21. ^EGOCERUS.

Horns conical, elongate, recurved, rather compressed, ringed,
arising immediately above the orbits. Nape with a linear, erect,
reversed mane. Tear- bag covered with a tuft of hair. Female
horned. Teats 2. Skull with " a small suborbital fissure, but
no fossa ; the masseteric ridge ascending high before the orbit ;
the auditory bulla moderate ; the occipital portion of the skull
much prolonged ; the basioccipital portion widened, its two pairs
of tubercles much developed, with a deep groove between them ;
the incisors gradually increasing in size to the median pair, which
are not expanded at their summits; the molars with largely-
developed supplemental lobes."

^Egocerus, sp., If. Smith, Griffith A. K. v. , 1827; Fischer,
Syn. 623; Turner, P. Z. S. 1850, not Pallas.

Aigoceros, Gray, Ann. fy Mag. N. H. 1846, 232; Knowsley
Menag. 16; Proc. Zool. Soc. 1849, 132.

Egocerus, Desmar. Mamm. 475.

Oryx, sp., Blainv. Bull. Sci. Phil. 1816; Ogilby, P. Z. S. 1836,
139.

Hippotragus, Sundevall, Pecora, 72.

Bubalides, sp., Licht. Berl. Mag. vi. 159, 1814.

1. EGOCERUS LEUCOPH^US. The ETAAC or BLAUBOC.
Glaucous grey.

Capra caerulea, Kolbe, Cap. i. 141.

Antilope Leucophea, Pallas, Misc. 4 ; Spic. Z. i. 6, xii, 1 ; Erxl.

Syst. 271 ; Gmelin, S. N. i. 182 ; Schreb. Saugth. i. 183. t. 278.
A. Bubalides Leucophea, Licht. Berl. Mag.\i. 159; Thunb. Act.

Petersb. iii. 314.
A. Oryx Leucophea, Blainv. B. S. Phil. 1816, 75; Desm. Mam.

475.

A. ^Egocerus Leucophaea, H. Smith, G. A. K. v. 510; Fischer,
Syn. 480, 646.

^Egocerus leucophseus, Gray, List Mamm. B. M. 158; Cat.

Osteol. Spec. B. M. 58 ; Turner, P. Z. S. 1848.
Antilope Equina, Geoff. Cat. Mus. Par. in Cuvier R. A. i. 263;

Diet. Sci. Nat. ii. 446. t. . f . .

B. Oryx Equina, Blainv. B. S. Phil. 1816, 75; Desm. Mam.
4?6; Desmoulin, Diet. Class. H. N. vi. 446. t., head ; Fischer,
Syn. 480, 645.

A. ^Egocerus Equina, H. Smith, G. A. K. iv. 177- t., v. 811.
Aigocerus Equina, Gray, Knowsley Menag. 16.
Antilope aurita, Burchell, MSS., fide H. Smith.



MAMMALIA. 103

Antilope Osanne, I. Geoff. Diet. Sci. Nat. t.

Antilope glauca, Forster, MSS.

Oryx Leucophea, Ogilby, P. Z. S. 1836, 137-

Blau bock, Licht. Reise, ii. 121.

Blaue bocke, Kolbe, Vorgeb. 141.

Blue Antelope, Penn. Syn. 24. fig. head, 29 ; Shaw, Zool. ii. 355.

t. 193.
Tzeiran, Buff. H. N. xiii. 271. t. 31. f. 6, horn; Supp. vi. 168.

t. 20.

Blauw Bock, Dutch at Cape.
Antilope Truteri, Fischer, Syn. 478, 644.
Antilope (^Egocerus) barbata, H. Smith, Griffith A. K. v. 813.
Capra .ZEthiopica, Schinz ; Cuvier, Thier. i. 403.
Bouquetin a criniere d'Afrique, Cuvier, R. A. i. 266.
Takhitse, Truter $ Somm. Geog. Ephem. 1807, 274.
Takhaize, Daniel, Afric. Scenery, xxiv. t.
? Bastard Eland, Licht. Reise, ii. 462.
Hob. South Africa.

Male. Cape of Good Hope. From the South African Museum.

Male. Cape of Good Hope. Presented by the Earl of Derby.

OSTEOLOGY.

Horns. South Africa.

Skull and horns (of female?), horns slender.

Base of skull and horns. South Africa.

Horns (separate), short, thick. South Africa.

Horns, separate. S. Africa. Mr. Argent's Collection.

Var. ? Docoi or White Mouth, Mandingoes.

Kob or Koba of the loliffs.

Vache brune, French in Senegal.

Aigocerus equinus var., Gray, Knowsley Menag. 16.

Hab. West Africa, Whitfield.

Two pair of horns. Gambia. Presented by the Earl of Derby.

The Docoi is pale reddish brown. Hair pale at base, with a
minute black tip. Front of fore-legs and line on centre of tail
blackish. Belly and inside of legs white. Face black brown.
Crown and temple browner. Nose, lips, eyebrows, tuft of hair
before eyes, white.

The head of the female covered with skin from Macarthy's
Island, on the coast of Gambia, which Mr. Whitfield brought
home, did not appear to differ from the specimen from the
Cape in the British Museum. The species does not appear
to be uncommon in the locality, for Mr. Whitfield brought over
several pairs of horns. He informs me the flesh is very good
venison. " It is called Docoi or White Mouth by the Mandin-



104 MAMM.VLIA.

goes, Kob and Koba by the loliffs, and Vache brune by the French
at Senegal." This is certainly not the Kob of Buffon (xii. t. 32.
f. 1, 2). The negroes at the Gambia declare that this animal
never bears more than one fawn ; for after that period, the horns
increase in length, and enter the loins and destroy the animals !

The small variety in the Paris, Upsal and Stockholm Museums,
described as A. Leucophaeus by Pallas and Sundevall, which was
formerly found at the Cape, but is now said to be extinct, is the
size of the Common Stag, Cervus Elaphus. M. Sundevall ob-
serves that it is as different from A. Equina, as the species of
Eleotragi and Tragelaphi are from one another ; and he observes,
in a letter I have just received, " I must tell you, that after the in-
spection of a whole series of A. Equina, which Wahlberg brought
home, I am convinced that the A. leucophcea of Pallas is a very
distinct race. Our stuffed specimen, that must have been adult,
has much smaller hoofs than the very young A. Equina, male as
well as female, amongst Wahlberg's, and the tuft over the la-
chrymal sinus, as I have shortly expressed in the printed survey."

Mr. Gray observes, " When I examined the specimen at Paris,
I regarded it as a young or rather dwarf specimen of A. Equina,
and the absence of the nuchal crest led to this belief; and I am
not satisfied that the number of rings on the horns is a suffi-
cient proof of its being adult."

The Blaubok lives in herds of six to twelve, on the slopes and
summits of small hills. They are most abundant north of the
Kurrichane. They are exceedingly swift. Their flesh is used as
food, but has a rank flavour, and is inferior to most of the
South African Antelopes. A. Smith.

2. -ZEoocERUS NIGER. The BLACK Boc.

Black. Face white, with a dark streak. Female and young
brown.

Antilope niger, Harris, Trans. Zool. Soc. ii. 213. t. 29; Gervais,

Diet. Sci. Nat. Supp. i. 267.
Antilope Harrisii, Harris, Narrative.
JSgocerus niger, Gray, List Mamm. B. M. 158.
Aigocerus niger (Sable Antelope), Harris, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1838,

2; W. A. S. Africa, t. 23, and head; Gray, Ann. fy Mag. Nat.

H. 1846, 232; Knowsley Menaa. 17; Proc. Zool. Soc. 1849,

133; Turner, P. Z. S. 1849.
Hab. S. Africa.

A male. S. Africa. Major Harris's Collection. The specimen
described by Capt. Harris.

Male. S. Africa. From M. SundevalPs Collection.
Female. S. Africa. From M. SundevalPs Collection.



MAMMALIA. 105

22. ORYX.

Horns elongate, subulate, ringed at the base, straight or
slightly arched, placed on a line with the face. Neck maned
above and below. Tear-bag none. Nose subcervine. Muffle
only margining the nostrils. Hoofs narrow in front ; false

hoofs large. Female . Teats 2 or 4. Skull: a suborbital

lissure, but no fossa, the masseteric ridge not extending high ;
the auditory bulla large and compressed ; the basioccipital bone
with a raised eminence on each side ; molars with supplemental
lobes.

Oryx, H. Smith, Griffith A. K.v. 182; Fischer, Syn. 624; Gray,
Ann. fy Mag. N. H. 1846,232; Knowsley Menag. 17; Turner,
P. Z. S. 1848.

Bubalides, sp., Licht. Eerl. Mag. vi. 155, 1816.

Oryx, sp., Ogilby, P. Z. Soc. 1836, 139.

A. Oryx, sp., Blainv. Bull. Soc. Phil. 1816.

A. Orix, Lesson, Nov. Tab. R. A. 180, 1842.

* Horns straight.

1. ORYX GAZELLA. The KOOKAAM or GEMSBOC.

Horns straight, shelving backwards. Throat with a bunch of
black hairs. Grey. Rump, face, spinal line, lateral streak, and
a very broad band on the thigh and cubitus, black in summer.
Black streak on the face conjoined under the chin. Young pale
brown. Hair blackish at the base.

Capra Gazella, Linn. S. N. i. 96.

Antilope Oryx, Pallas, Spic. Z. i. 14, xii. 16. 65; Gmelin, S. N.

i. 189.
A. Bubalides Oryx, Licht. Berl. Mag. vi. 155 ; Reise, ii. 3S ;

Schreb. Saugth. 1177. t. 257. t. 257 A. f. 1 ; Desm. Mamm. 473.
A. Oryx oryx, Blainv. B. S. Phil. 1816, 75; H. Smith, G. A. K.

v. 814; Fischer, Syn. 478, 644; Burchell, Trav. ii. 23.
Oryx Gazella, Gray, List Mamm. B. M. 156; Cat. Osteol. Sp.

B. M. 58; Ann. fy Mag. N. H. 1847, 232; Knowsley Menag.

17. t. 16. f. 2, young; Proc. Zool. Soc. 1849, 124; Turner,

P.Z. S. 1848.

A. bezoartica, Pallas, Misc. 8.
A. Gazella, Forster, MSS. 56.
A. Recticornis, part., Erxl. Syst. 272 ; Gatterer, Brev. Zool. i. 78 ;

Pallas, Nov. Com. Petrop. xiii. t. 10. f. 6.
Oryx or Gemsbok, Harris, W. A. S. A. t. 9, and head.
Oryx capensis, Ogilby, P. Z. S. 1836, 139; Harris, W. An.

"Africa, t. 9.



106 MAMMALIA.

Oryx, Cuvier, R. A. i. 262.

Passan, Buff. H. N. xii. 212. 272. t. 33. f. 3; Supp. v. 157. 1. 1/.

Egyptian Antelope, Penn. Syn. 25; Quad. i. 72; Shaw, Zool. ii.

312. t. 183.

Gems bock, Dutch at the Cape.
Hab. South Africa.

Female, adult. S. Africa.

Young. Presented by the Zoological Society.

Adult. S. Africa.

OSTEOLOGY.

Passan, Daub. Buffon H. N. xii. t. 33.

Single horn. South Africa.

Horns on base. South Africa.

Horns on head. South Africa.

Horns on head. South Africa.

Skull and horns. S. Africa. Mr. Stevens's Collection.

The GemsbocJc eat the bulb of the water-root, a liliaceous
plant. G. Cumina, Hunter's Life, i. 118.

2. ORYX BEISA. The BEISA.

Horns straight. Throat without any bunch of hair. Pale grey.
Face, belly and limbs white. Front of face, two streaks on
cheek* (not united under the throat), narrow line along throat,
dorsal streak, streak on each side of abdomen, band round upper
part, and streak in front of lower part, of fore-leg, and end of tail,
black.

Antilope Beisa, Ruppell, Atlas, t. 5.

Oryx Beisa, Sundevall; Gray, Ann. fy Mag. N. H. 1847, 232;

Knowsley Menag. 17; Proc. Z. Soc. 1849, 134.
Hab. Abyssinia. Mus. Frankfort.

OSTEOLOGY.

Antilope beisa, Rupp. Faun. Abyss, t. 5.

The male and female in the Frankfort Museum are smaller
than A. Gazella of the Cape, and both have the face-streaks se-
parate; there is a black streak on the throat, as in A. Gazella,
but no bunch, nor is there any in the Frankfort specimen of A.
Gazella ; the mane of the nape of the male is small, indistinct,
continued behind in a broader dark streak to the middle of the
loins. In the male the mane is blackish, in the female like the
back. They have no dark mark on the rump, found in A. Ga-
zella.



MAMMALIA. 107

** Horns arched, recurved.

3. ORYX LEUCORYX. The ORYX.

Horns slender, slightly arched, white, reddish varied ; in winter
grey.

Antilope Leucoryx, Pallas, Spic. i. 14; xii. 17. t. 3. f. 1. 61.
A. Bubalides leucoryx, Licht. Berl. Mao. vi. 156 ; Akad. Abh.

1824, 200. t. 1 ; Saugth. t. 1 ; Gmelin, S. N. i. 190; Schreber,

Saugth. 1180. t. 256; Ehrenberg, Sym. Phys. t. 3.
O. (Oryx) leucoryx, Blainv. B. S. Phil. 1816, /5; Desm. Mamm.

474.
A. Oryx leucoryx, H. Smith, G. A. K. v. 815; Fischer, Syn.

479. 645.

Antilope Algazella, Ruppell ; F. Cuvier, Mam. Lith. t.
Antilope ensicornis, Ehrenb.
Oryx leucoryx, Ogilby, P. Z. S. 1836, 139.
Gazella recticornis, Pallas, Nov. Com. Petrop. xiii. 468. 1. 10. f. 5.
Oryx, Plin. Hist. Nat. ii. 40, viii. 55 ; Oppian. Cyneg. iii. ver. 445 ;

Gesner, Quad. i. 870; Descrip. Egypt, v. 1. 18. f. 9, 10; Bull.

Soc. Philom. 1816, 80; Oriental Misc. i. 127.
Oryx Leucoryx, Ogilby, P. Z. Soc. 1836, 139 ; Gray, List Mamm.

B. M. 156; Cat. Osteol. Sp. B. M. 56; Ann. fy Mag. N. H.

1846, 232; Knowsley Menag. 17. t. 16. f. 1. 1. 17; Proc. Zool.

Soc. 1849, 134; Turner, P. Z. S. 1848.
Antilope Eleotragus, Schreb. t. , not description.
Milk-white Antelope, Penn. Syn. 25 ; Quad. i. 76. t. 12.
White Antelope, Shaw, Zool. ii. 315. t. 184.
El Walrugh el Bukras, Persians.
Abu-hard, Jachmur and Yazmur, Arabs.
Antilope Gazella, Pallas, Spic. Z. xii. 17; Gmelin, S. N. i. 190;

Schreb. Saugth. 1182. t. 257 A. f. 2, horn; Fischer, Syn. 479,

645.

A. Oryx Gazella, Blainv. Bull. S. Phil. 1816, 75.
? Antilope bezoardica, Erxl. Syst. 274 ?
A. Bubalides bezoartica, Licht. Berl. Mag. vi. 158.
A. (Oryx) bezoartica, H. Smith, G. A. K. v. 817.
Capra Gazella, Linn. S. N. i. 97?
Gazella Indica, Brisson, Reg. A. 67.
Gazella, Alpin, Mgypt. 232. t. 14. f. 1.
Capra s. Hircus bezoartica, Aldrov. Bisulc. 755 fig.
Algazel, Buffon, H. N. xii. 211. t. 33. f. 1, 2; Penn. Quad. i. 77 ;

Shaw, Zool. ii. 216; F. Cuvier, Mam. Lithog. t.
Hab. N. or W. Africa; Nubia; Senaar; Senegal.

Female. Senaar.
Young. Senaar.



108



MAMMALIA.



There is no appreciable difference between the Nubian and
Senegal specimens.

OSTEOLOGY.

Algazel, Daub. Euffon H. N. xii. t. 32. f. I, 2.

Skull and horns. North Africa.

Single horn of young. North Africa.

Single horn. North Africa.

Skull, young. Senaar.

Note,

1. Antilope Chora, Ruppell, Zool. Atlas, 22.
A. (Alcelaphus) Chora, Fischer, Syn. 475.
Hab. N.Africa. " Very doubtful ;" Ruppell.

2. Antilope Dainmah, Ruppell, Zool. Atlas, 22.
A. (Alcelaphus) Dammah, Fischer, Syn. 475.

Hab. N.Africa; desert of Haraga. "Very doubtful;" Ruppell.

d. Throat slightly maned. Nape not maned.

23. ADDAX.

Horns slender, elongate, ringed, slightly spirally twisted,
sloping nearly in a line with the face. Forehead with long hair.
Neck with a slight gular mane, but no nuchal mane. Nose ovine,
hairy. Hoofs semicircular, thin-edged. Tear-bag marked with
a tuft of hair.

Addax, Rafinesq. Anal. Nat, 56, 1815?; Gray, Ann. fy Mag. N.

H. 1846, 232; Turner, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1850.
Addax, sp., Laurill.

Oryx, sp., H. Smith; Fischer, Syn. 624.
Strepsiceros, sp., Ruppell, Verz. Senck. Samml. 182, 1845.
Gazella, sp., H. Smith, G. A. K.
Damalis Acronotus, sp., H. Smith, G. A. K.
A. Alcelaphus, sp., Lesson, Nov. Tab. R. A. 180.

L ADDAX NASOMACULATUS. The ADDAX.

White ; forehead and front of face darker ; in winter grey.

Capra Cervicapra, Linn. S. N., fide Ogilby.

Antilope Cervicapra, Children, Denham's Travels.

Antilope Addax, Licht. Berl. Abhand. 1824, 215. t. 2; Saugth.

t. 2, fern, and young; Ruppell, Zool. Atl. 19. t. 7; F. Cuv.

Mam. Lithog.

A. Oryx Addax, H. Smith, G, A. K. iv. 193. t. ; v. 818.
A. Alcelaphus Addax, Fischer, Syn. 47 4, 641.



MAMMALIA. 109

Antilope gibbosa, Savi, Mem. Fig.; Feruss. Butt. Sci. xx. 163.
Antilope Gazella mytilopes, H. Smith, G. A. K. iv. 204. t. 182.

t. 183. f. 6, head; v. 821 ; Fischer, Syn. 636.
Antilope suturosa, Otto, Nova Act. Nat. Cur. xii. 521 . t. 48 ;

Griffith A.K.t. 180.

A. (Alcelaphus) suturosa, Fischer, Syn. 475, 641.
Damalis Acronotus suturosa, H. Smith, G. A. K. iv. 350. t. ;

v. 878.

Strepsiceros quern Addacem, &c., Plinii H. N. xi. 3?.
Strepsiceros addax, Ruppell, Verz. Senck. 183.
Strepsiceros, Caji, Opusc. 56 ; Gesner, Quad. 323.
Addax, F. Cuvier, Mam. Lith. t., winter and summer ; Ehren-

berg, Symb. Phys. t. 4.

JUNIOR.

Ant. Gazella nasomaculata (A. Bleue), Blainv. Bull. Soc. Philom.

1816, 75-78. t.; Journ. Phys. t. . f . ; Isis, 1819, t. 12.

f. 4-7 ; Desm. Mam. 456 ; Fischer, Syn. 462, 630.
A. Oryx addax, H. Smith, G. A. K. iv. 204. t. 210. t. head;

v. 821, jun.
Addax nasomaculatus, Gray, Ann. fy Mag. N. H. 1846, 233;

Cat. Osteol Spec. B. M. 58; Knowsley Menag. 17; Proc.

Zool. Soc. 1849; Turner, P. Z. S. 1848.
Orvx nasomaculata, Gray, List Mamm. B. M. 156.
Antilope (Oryx) Tao, H. Smith, Griffith A. K. v. 816.

A young female. N. Africa. From Mr. Bullock's Museum.
(The specimen described as Antilope mytilopes, H. Smith, 1. 182,
and A. nasomaculatus, Blainv.)

Female and young. N. Africa. Presented by the Earl of
Derby.

OSTEOLOGY.

Horns (not united). North Africa. Presented by Captain
Clapperton, R.N., and Major Denham.

* Skeleton, imperfect. Presented by the Earl of Derby.

The Caprine Antelopes. Body heavy. Legs and hoofs large.
Tail very short, depressed, covered with hair to the base.
Horns conical, rarely with a fiat process in front.

Caprine Antelopes (Antilopese Caprinae), Gray, Ann. fy Mag. N.

H. 1846, 232 ; Knowsley Menag. 18.
Goat-like Antelopes, Gray, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1849, 135.
Ovine and Caprine Antelopes, Turner, P. F. S. 1850.



110 MAMMALIA.

a. Nose cervine, with a moderate muffle. Horns short, inclined,
recurved.

24. CAPRICORNIS.
Nemorhgedus, H. Smith; Turner, P. Z. S. 1850.

Horns short, strong, conical, inclined, recurved, arising behind
the orbit. Nose cervine. Muffle moderate. Tear-bag and inter-
digital pores large. Skull with " no suborbital fissure ; the fossa
rounded, shallow, very variable in size, sometimes very minute ;
the nasal bones rather short and broad, joining the maxillaries
only by the interposition of some imperfect ossifications, or se-
parated from them altogether; the masseteric ridge extending
high before the orbit ; the auditory bullse very small ; the basi-
occipital bone broad, with moderately developed eminences ; the
middle incisors slightly expanded at their summits ; the molars
without supplemental lobes."

Hab. Asia.

Capricornis (Sumatranus), Ogilby, P. Z. S. 1836, 138; Gray,
Cat. Osteol. Spec. B. M. 57; Ann. fy Mag. N. H. 1846, 232;
Knowsley Menag. 18; Proc. ZooL Soc. 1849, 135.

Nemorhedus, sp., H. Smith-, Turner, P. Z. Soc. 1848.

Bubalides, sp., Licht. Berl. Mag. vi. 115.

Oryx, sp., Ruppell, Verz. i. 80.

1. CAPRICORNIS SUMATRENSIS. The CAMBING OUTAN.

Black. Chin and linear nuchal mane yellowish, especially near
the withers. Inside of the ears white. Young like adult.

Antilope Sumatrensis, Shaw, ZooL ii. 354; Desm. Mam. 465;
Fischer, Syn. 470, 639 ; Raffles, Linn. Trans, xiii. 266 ; F.
Cuv. Mam. Lith. t.

A. Nemorhedus Sumatrensis, H. Smith, G.A. K. iv.277- 1.; v. 861 .

Antilope Bubalides interscapularis, Licht. Berl. Mag. vi. 115,
1814; Schreb. Saugth. 1158.

Capricornis Sumatrensis, Ogilby, P. Z. S. 1836, 139 ; Gray, Cat.
Osteol. Sp. B. M. 57 ; Ann. fy Mag. N. H. 1846, 232 ; Knows-
ley Menag. 18 ; Proc. Zool. Soc. 1849, 135.

Cambing Outan, Marsd. Sumatr. 93. t.

Nemorhedus Sumatrensis, Gray, List Mamm. B. M. 166 ; Turner,
P. Z. S. 1848.

Sumatran Antelope, Penn. Quad. ii. 321.

Oryx Sumatrensis, Ruppell, Verz. Senck. i. 80.

Hab. Sumatra. Mus. Ley den.

OSTEOLOGY.

? Frontal bone, with horns.



MAMMALIA. Ill

2. CAPRICORNIS BUBALINA. The THAAR or THAR.

Grey brown, blackish washed. Crown and dorsal streak black.
Thighs and outside of legs rufous. Nose, chin, inside of ears,
lower part of mane, and legs below the hocks, whitish.

Capricornis Thar, Ogilby, Proc. Zool Soc. 1836, 139.
Antilope Bubalina, Hodgson, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1832, ii. 12.
Kemas proclivis vel Thar, Hodgson, J. A. S. B. x. 913 ; Calcutta

Journ. N. H. iv. 291.
Antilope Thar, Hodgson, P. Z. S. 1833, iii. 105; 1834, 99;

Journ. Asiat. Soc. Eeng. i. 346; iv. 1835, 889.
Oryx? Thar, Riippell, Verz. Senck. 180.
Nsemorhedus Thar, Hodgson, Proc. Z. Soc. 1834, 36; Journ. A.

S. B. iv. 1835, 489.
Kemas Thar, Hodgson.

Nsemorhedus proclivis, Hodgson, Zool. Nepal ined. B. M. t.
Capricornis bubalina, Gray, List Mamm. B. M. 166 ; Cat. Osteol.

Sp. B. M. 57; Cat. Hodgson Coll. B. M. 27; Ann. fy Mag.

N. H. 1846, 232; Knowsley Menag. 18; Proc. Zool. Soc.

1849, 135.

Nemorhsedus Bubalina, Turner, P. Z. S. 1848.
Hab. India; Nepal.

Male and female. Nepal.

Nepal. Presented by B. H. Hodgson, Esq.

OSTEOLOGY.

Frontal bone and horns. Nepal.

Frontal bone and horns. Nepal.

Skull, male. Nepal. Presented by B. H. Hodgson, Esq.

Skull, female. Nepal. Presented by B. H. Hodgson, Esq.

Horns. Nepal. Mr. Argent's Collection.


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