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Catalogue of the specimens of Mammalia in the collection of the British Museum (Volume 3) online

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ICON.

Drawing of male. Hodgson, Icon. ined. B. M. t. 160. f. 1.
Presented by B. H. Hodgson, Esq.

Drawing of male and female. Hodgson, Icon. ined. B. M.
t. 161. Presented by B. H. Hodgson, Esq.

Drawing of head. Hodgson, Icon. ined. B. M. t. 163, 164.
Presented by B. H. Hodgson, Esq.

Drawing of skull. Hodgson, Icon. ined. B. M. t. 187- f. 5, 6.
Presented by B. H. Hodgson, Esq.

A head was sent to the United Service Museum by Lieut. -
Colonel Childers, of the llth Dragoons, in 1820, under the name
of Serow or Imo. " It is not speedy, as might be inferred from
its make. Its flesh is very coarse and bad. It is usually killed
with poisoned arrows." Hodgson, I. c. 14.



112 MAMMALIA.

The Thar or Suraw inhabits the sub-Himalaya as far north as
the forest extends. They are not gregarious, and they rush with
fearful precipitancy down the steep mountain. They rut in Fe-
bruary or March, gestate eight months, and have one young in
September or October. They always have a gall-bladder. Hodg-
son, Journ. Asiat. Soc. 1835, Sept.

The Gorals and Thars differ from the Antelope in being stout,
clambering animals, but they are not, as some have supposed,
allied to the Bovines. Hodgson.

3. CAPRICORNIS? CRISPA. The JAPANESE GOAT ANTELOPE.

Fur harsh, crisp, brown or brownish. Sides whitish. Cheeks
white. Legs black brown.

Antilope crispa, Temm. Fauna Japon. t. , 1819.

Capricornis crispa, Gray, Ann. fy Mag. N. H. 1846, 232 ; Knows-

ley Menag. 18; Proc. Zool. Soc. 1849, 136.
Hob. Japan. Mus. Leyden.

OSTEOLOGY. Temm. Fauna Japon. t.

b. Nose ovine, without any muffle. Horns short, conical, recurved,
ringed.

25. NEMORHEDUS.

Horns short, conical, inclined, recurved, arising from behind
the orbits. Nose ovine, hairy. Muffle none. Tear-bag none ?
Inter digital pores none. Fur short.

Nemorhedus, sp., H. Smith, Griffith A.K.v. 182 ; Turner, P. Z. S.

1850 ; Gray, Ann. fy Mag. N. H. 1846, 232 ; Knowsley Menag.

18.

Kemas (Goral), Ogilby, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1836, 138 (not Lesson).
Kemas, sp., Hodgson-, Lesson, Nov. Tab. R. A. 182, 1842.
Damalis, sp., J. Brookes, Cat. Mus. 64, 1828.

Mr. Turner observes, "Although the 'tear-bag' is said to
be wanting in the Goral, there is certainly a slight depression
upon the lacrymal bone,, and the pore with which the gland opens
may be so small in this species as to escape detection in dried
specimens." Turner.

1. NEMORHEDUS GORAL. The GORAL.

Grey brown, minutely black-dotted. Streak on lower part of
neck blackish. Cheeks, chin and upper part of throat white.
Front of fore-legs blackish. Feet rufous. Young paler. Dorsal
line rather darker.



MAMMALIA. 113

Antilope Goral, Hardw. Linn. Trans, xiv. 518. t. 14; Calcutta

Journ. N. H. i. t. 12. f. 2, 3; Fischer, Syn. 471, 639.
A. Nemorhedus Goral, H. Smith, G. A. K. v. 862; Hodgson, J.

Asiat. Soc. Eeng. i. 346; Proc. Zoo/. Soc. 1833, 105; 1834,

99.
Kemas Goral, Ogilby, P. Z. Soc. 1836, 138 ; Hodgson, Calcutta

Journ. N. H. iv. 291.

Kemas ghoral, Lesson, Nov. Tab. R. A. 182.
Bouquetin de Nepaul, F. Cuvier, Mam. Lith. t., copy of Hard-

wicke.

Antilope Goural, Hodgson, J. Asiat. Soc. Eeng. 1835, 418.
Nemorhedus Goral, Gray, List Mamm. B. M. 166; Cat. Osteol.

Sp. B. M. 37 ; Cat. Hodgson Coll. B. M. 27 ; Ann. fy Mag. N.

H. 1846, 232; Knowsley Menag. 18; Proc. Zool. Soc. 1849.
Suja? et Goomast?, Afghanistan, Journ. Asiat. Soc. Calcutta.
A. Duvaucellii, H. Smith, G. A. K. iv. 277, v. 861.
A. Sumatrensis /3. Duvaucelli, Fischer, Syn. 639.
Damalis Hardwickii, J. Brookes, Cat. Mus. 64, 1828.
Naemorhedus Goural, Hodgson, J. Asiat. Soc. B. iv. 1835, 488.
N. Goral vel Hardwickii, Hodgson, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1834, 88 ;

Journ. Asiat. Soc. B. x. 913.
Hab. India; Sub- Himalayas.

Hunter's skin, without feet. Nepal. Presented by General
Hardwicke.

Male and female. Nepal. Presented by B. H. Hodgson, Esq.
Male. Nepal. Presented by B. H. Hodgson, Esq.
Young, half-grown. Nepal.

OSTEOLOGY.

Horns (of female ?), very thin, far apart at the base.

Two skulls of males. India. Presented by B. H. Hodgson,
Esq.

Three imperfect skulls of females. Presented by B. H. Hodg-
son, Esq.

Skeleton, imperfect. Presented by B. H. Hodgson, Esq.

ICON.

Drawing of male, female and young. Hodgson, Icon. ined. B.
M. t. 157 ; male copied t. 160. f. 2. Presented by B. H. Hodg-
son, Esq.

Drawing of male and female. Hodgson, Icon. ined. B. M.
t. 158. Presented by B. H. Hodgson, Esq.

Drawing of head of male and female in detail. Hodgson, Icon,
ined. B. M. t. 159. Presented by B. H. Hodgson, Esq.

Drawing of skull. Hodgson, Icon. ined. B. M. t. 187. f. 7, 8.
Presented by B. H. Hodgson, Esq.



114 MAMMALIA.

The Goral inhabits the Sub-Himalayas as far towards the snows
as the great forest extends, to which exclusively they adhere,
living in families of four or six. Breeding amid the crags and
rocky recesses : rutting in January : gestate six months : the
young born in May or June.

Note. Antilope Nemorhaedus Duvaucellii, H. Smith, G.A.K.
iv. 277> v. 861 ; Antilope Sumatrensis /3 ? Duvaucellii, Fischer,
Syn. 639 was described from a drawing sent to Paris by M.
Duvaucel without any notes, as were most of his drawings. It
is only a badly coloured tracing of a drawing of the Goral in
General Hardwicke's Collection. It has no connection with C.
Sumatrensis, to which many naturalists have referred it.

In the Bengal Journal, two Antelopes, said to resemble the
Goral, are mentioned as found in Affghanistan, one called Suja
and the other Goomast.

26. MAZAMA.

Horns small, conical, round, nearly erect, slightly inclined
backwards, and recurved at the tip, ringed at the base. Nose
ovine, hairy. Muffle none. Tear-bag none. Fur double ; outer
very long, hairy, dependent ; under fur short, woolly.

Aplocerus, H. Smith, Griffith A.K.v. 1827; Turner, P. Z. S. 1850.
Mazama, Rafinesque; Gray, Ann. fy Mag. N. H. 1846, 232;

Knowsley Menag. 19 ; not H. Smith, nor Ogilby, P. Z. S. 1836.
Rupicapra, sp., Blainv. Butt. Soc. Phil. 1816.
Capra, sp., Desmoulin, Diet. Class. Hist. Nat. Ill ; Ogilby, Proc.

Zool. Soc. 1836, 137.
Ovis, sp., Ord, Bull. Soc. Phil 1817.
Antilocapra, sp., Lesson.

1. MAZAMA AMERICANA. The MAZAME or SPRING-BUCK.
White. Horns and edge of the nostrils black.

Capra? Columbiana, Desmoul. Diet. Class. H. N. iii. 580; Fischer,

Syn. 487.

Capra Americana, Rich. Faun. Bor. Amer. 268. t. 22.
Capra montana, Harlan, Fauna Amer.
Capra lanigera aut Americana, Ogilby, P. Z. S. 1836, 137-
Ovis montana, Ord, Bull. Soc. Philom. 1817, 175; Journ. de

Phys. Ixxxv. 333.

Antilocapra montana, Lesson, Nov. Tab. R. A. 182.
A. (Rupicapra) Americana, Blainv. Bull. Soc. Phil. 1816, 73-80.
Antilope lanata (Mountain Sheep Antelope), Bennett, Cat. Mam.

Zool. Soc. 1828, 14 fig., & 1829, 18 fig.



MAMMALIA. 115

Antilope Americana, Desm. Mam. 478.

Antilope Aplocerus lanigera, H. Smith, Linn. Trans, xiii. 38. t. 4 ;

G. A. K. v. 865.
Mazama dorsata, Raftnesque.
Mazama sericea, Rajinesque.
Antilope (Aplocerus) Mazama, H. Smith, Linn. Trans, xiii. 33 ;

Griffith, A. K. v. 865; Fischer, Syn. 482. 64?.
Aplocerus Americanus, Turner, P. Z. S. 1850.
Mazama seu Cervus cornutus, Seba, Thes. i. 69. t. 42. f. 3.
Rocky Mountain Sheep, Jameson, Wern. Mem. iii. 306.
Hob. N. America; Rocky Mountains. Mus. Linn. Soc. Mus.

Zool. Soc.

27. RUPICAPRA.

Horns elongate, slender, round, nearly erect from above the
orbit, suddenly hooked backward at the tip. Nose ovine, hairy.
Muffle none. Fur soft. Skull with " a minute suborbital fissure,
but no fossa; the masseteric ridge ascending high before the
orbit ; the auditory bulla very small and compressed ; the basi-
occipital bone flat ; the incisors equal-sized, vertical ; the molars
without supplemental lobes." Turner.

Antilope, Pallas, Misc. 4; Spic. 7-17.

A. Rupicapra, Erxleb. S. A. 268, 1777; Desm. 1804; Illiger,

1811.

Capra, sp., Linn. ed. 6. 14. 1?.
Rupicapra, Fleming, Phil. Zool. 198, 1822; H. Smith, Griffith

A.K.v. 182; Gray, Ann. $ Mag. N. H. 1846, 232.
Rupicapradae, J. Brookes, Cat. Mus. 64, 1828.

1. RUPICAPRA TRAGUS. The CHAMOISE or GEMS.

Yellowish brown, with a dark dorsal streak ; in winter blackish.

Antilope Rupicapra, Pallas, Misc. 4; Spic. i. 7, xii. 12; Gmelin,

S. N. i. 182.
A. (vera) rupicapra, Licht. Berl. Mag. vi. 171 ; Schreb. Saugth.

1200. t. 279 ; Burchell, Trav. ii. 23 ; Desm. Mam. 477.
A. Rupicapra Rupicapra, Blainv. B. S. Phil. 1816, 76.
A. (Rupicapra) Rupicapra, H. Smith, G. A. K. iv. 281 1., v. 863;

Cuvier, Diet. Sci. Nat. ii. 249 t. ; Reg. Anim. i. 264 ; Fischer,

Syn. 481, 646.

A. Rupicapra Persica, H. Smith, G. A. K. v. 863.
Rupicapra pyrenaica, H. Smith, G. A. K. v. 863; Bonap. Fauna

Ital.

Rupicapra Europsea, Ruppell, Verz. Senck. Samml. 183, 1845.
Rupicapra (hsemulicornis), J. Brookes, Cat. Mus. 64, 1828.



116



MAMMALIA.



Capra Rupicapra, Linn. S. N. i. 95.

Rupicapra tragus, Gray, List Mamm. B. M. 167; Cat. OsteoL

B. M. 57; Ann. $ Mag. N. H. 1846, 232; Proc. Zool. Soc.

1849.

Rupicapra, Plinii H. N. viii. 53; Gesner, Quad. 321. fig. 329.
Rupicapra Tragus, Turner, P. Z. S. 1850.
Rupicapra capella, Bonap. Fauna Ital.
Tragus seu Dorcas, Klein, Quad. 17.
'Ai aypios, Oppian, Cyneg. ii. 338.
Chamois, Perrault, Anim. i. 201. t. 29; Buffon, H. N. xii. 136,

177. t. 16; Penn. Syn. 17; Quad. i. 72; Shaw, Zool. ii. 361.

t. 187.
Gems, Riding Jagdb. Th. t. 12; Kleine, Th. t. 72; Wilde, Thier.

t. 25; Meyer, Thier. i. t. 66; Lewenwald. Damegraph. 1793;

Allisser. v. Salins Marschlin Hopfn. Mag. i. 111.
Hob. South Europe ; Switzerland ; Pyrenees and Pindarus.

In summer coat, yellowish. Alps, Europe.

In change (nose imperfect). Alps, Europe.

In winter coat, blackish. Alps, Europe.

Two skins. Mount Pindus. Presented by S. S. Saunders, Esq.

Young. Alps, Europe.

OSTEOLOGY.

Chamoise, Daub, in Buffon Hist. Nat. xii. t. 17.

Two skulls and horns. Alps. Presented by General Hard-
wicke.

Three horns. Alps.

Skull, with horns. Alps. Presented by John Gould, Esq.

Skeleton. Alps. From Mr. Brandt's Collection.

Three pair of horns of different ages. Alps. Presented bv
J. E. Gray, Esq.

I have compared specimens from Switzerland, the Pyrenees
and Mont Pilatus, and cannot discover any difference between
them.

28. ANTILOCAPRA.

Horns erect, arising directly over the orbit, compressed at the
base, with a flattened process in front, and ending in a conical
recurved tip. Nose ovine, hairy. Muffle none. Tear-bag none.
Fur very close. Hair stiff, coarse, flattened, wavy. Tail very
short. False hoofs none. Inguinal pores none. Legs rather
slenderer than the other Goat Antelopes. Female horned. Skull
with " no suborbital depression ; the fissure lengthened ; the
nasal bones widest posteriorly ; the orbit a little elevated above
the line of the face, and the masseteric ridge not rising before



MAMMALIA. 117

it ; the auditory bulla moderate, compressed and angular ; the
incisors equal-sized, sloping; the molars without supplemental
lobes. " Turner.

Dicranocerus, H. Smith, Griffith A. K. v. 182; Fischer, Syn.

623 ; Turner, P. Z. S. 1850.
Antilocapra (Americana), Gray, Ann. fy Mag. N. H. 1846, 232;

Knowsley Menag. 19.

Antilopecapra, J. Brookes, Cat. Mus. 64, 1828.
Oreammos, Rafin.

Mazama, Ogilby, P. Z. S. 1836, 137.
Cervus, sp., Blainville.
Antilopecapradae or falcicornis, J. Brookes, Cat. Mus. 64, 1828.

1. ANTILOCAPRA AMERICANA. The CABRIT or PRONG-HORN.
Pale brown ; beneath and caudal disk white.

Antilope (Dicranocerus) furcifer, H. Smith, Linn. Trans, xiii. 28.

t. 2; Griffith, A. K. iv. 1/0 t., 352 t., v. 808.
A. rupicapra furcifer, Desm. Mamm. 479; Fischer, Syn. 481.

646.
Antilocapra furcifer, Richardson, Fauna Bor. Amer. t. 21; Gray,

List Mamm. B. M. 170.
Cervus bifurcatus, Rafinesque.
Antilope (Dicranocerus) palmata, H. Smith, Linn. Trans, xiii. 31.

t. 3, horns; Griffith A. K. iv. 352 t., v. 809; Desm. Mamm.

479; Fischer, Syn. 481. 647; Coulter, P. Z. S. 1826, 121.
Antilopecapra furcifer, J. Brookes, Cat. Mus. 64, 1828.
Antilocapra americaiia, Gray, Cat. Osteol. B. M. 58 ; Ann. fy

Mag. N. H. 1846, 232; Knowsley Menag. 19; Proc. Zool. Soc.

1849, 137.

Cervus hamatus, Blainv. Bull. Soc. Philom. 1816, 73.
Antilocapra Americana, Ord fy Blainv. Bull. Soc. Philom. 1818,

146 ; Journ. Phys. Ixxxviii. 314.
Mazama furcifer, Ogilby, P. Z. S. 1836, 137.
Prong-horned Antelope, Lewis * Clark, Travels.
Springbock, Anglo-Americans.
Cabrit, Canadian Hunters.
Kistu-he, IV. Amer. Indians.

Hob. N. America ; in the plains in summer, and in the moun-
tains in winter. Called the Goat. Mexico (Coulter}.

A fawn, just born. N. America. Presented by Sir John
Richardson, M.D.

Male and female. Rocky Mountains. Presented by the
son's Bay Company.

Male, adult, and young. Rocky Mountains.



118 MAMMALIA.

ANAT.

Antilope furcifer, H. Smith, Linn. Trans, xiii. t. 2.

A. palmata, H. Smith, Linn. Trans, xiii. t. 3, horns only.

* Skull, female. Hudson's Bay. Presented by the Hudson's
Bay Company.

Dr. Coulter brought a head from Mexico which had the face
dark brown, and the horns large, wide-spreading and much
hooked at the tip, like the A. palmata of H. Smith (Proc. Zool.
Soc. 1826, 121). This is probably only a larger variety in the
summer fur.



II. The Antelopes of the Desert. Nose broad; nostrils subval-
vular, and lined with bristles within.

Antelopes of the Desert (Antilopeae desertorum), Gray, Ann. fy
Mag. N. H. 1846, 232; Knowsley Menag. 19; Proc. Zool. Soc.
1849, 138.

Damalidae, J. Brookes, Cat. Mus. 64, 1828.

I am not aware that this division was ever hinted at until pub-
lished in the Ann. fy Mag. N. H. for 1846. Mr. Turner observes :
" I will now proceed to the ' Antelopes of the Desert' of Mr. Gray,
a very well-marked natural group, consisting of two distinct ge-
nera, which have usually been widely separated. Mr. Blyth,
however, in the translation of Cuvier's Animal Kingdom, hints at
their affinity, and Mr. Waterhouse informs me that he has long
held that opinion. Indeed he has placed the species next each
other in the Catalogue of the Society's Museum/' And again :
" A. pygargus has usually been placed among the Gazelles, where
it was left by Mr. Blyth, who speaks of it as leading f through
A. Caama, Bubalis, &c. to the Gnus.' Mr. Waterhouse, who in
the Catalogue of the Society's Museum uses the generic name
Antilope throughout, places this species between the Gazelles
and the others of its natural genus, to which the Gnu follows.
Mr. Gray, who had left it with the Gazelles in the List of Mam-
malia in the British Museum, has removed it to its true place in
his paper in the Annals and Magazine of Natural History."

The reference to the Catalogue of the Zoological Society's
Museum does not justify these observations. In the edition
for 1839 I find the species placed in the middle of the genus
Antilope, intermixed with other subgenera, thus : 272. A. Dama ;
273. A, Pygarga; 274. A. Caama', 275. A. Gnu-, 276. A. Oryx;
277. A. leucoryx; 278. A. Sing-Sing (p. 41).

The only observation I can find in Blyth respecting the sub-
ject is as follows: "A. pygargus, which seems to tend through



MAMMALIA. 119

A. Caama and bubalus, &c., to the Gnus 2 ' (p. 139); but in neither
is there the slightest idea of the character which unites them to-
gether as a natural group.

A. Equine Antelopes. Muzzle broad, depressed, spongy, bristly j
nostrils large, covered with a large spongy valve.

Equine Antelopes (Antilopese Equinae), Gray, Ann. fy Mag. N.

H. 1846, 232-, Knowsley Menag. 19; Proc. Zool. Soc. 1849,

138.

Catoblepas et Damalis (et acronotus), H. Smith, G. A. K.
Damalidse, part., J. Brookes, Cat. Mus. 64.

29. CONNOCHETES.

Horns bent down and outwards on the sides, broad at the
base, bent up at the tip. Nose broad, dilated, spongy, bristly.
Nostrils large, operculated. Tail elongate, bushy, hairy from the
base. Hoofs compressed in front. Intermaxillaries elongate,
extending to the nasal, the front half expanded and flattened,
the front part much dilated, flattened and sharp edged. Nose-
hole rather large. Frontal bone much produced behind. Fe-
males : teats 4. Skull : " the general characters the same as in
Alcelaphus ; but the depression before the orbit less marked ;
the occiput rather less prolonged, and its base, together with the
auditory bulla, broader." Turner.

Hab. S. Africa.

Connochetes, Licht. Berl. Mag. vi., 1814.

Catoblepas, Plin. ; Gray, Lond. Med. Repos. 1821 ; H. Smith,
Griffith A. K. v. 182; Fischer, Syn. ii. 625; Gray, Ann. Sf
Mag. N. H. 1847, 232; Knowsley Menag. ; Turner, P. Z. S.
1850; Cuvier, Reg. Anim. ed. 2. i. 2/4.

Catablepas, J. Brookes, Cat. Mus. 64.

Boselaphus (type), Blainv. Bull. Soc. Philom. 1816, 75.

Bos, sp., Forster MSS.

This genus, which has all the characters of the true Antelopes,

in the slenderness and proportion of the leg-bones, has been

placed with the Oxen by Forster, and in the Bovine section by

Professor Sundevall. Lichtenstein's name has undoubted priority

of publication.

a. Nose with a crest of reversed hair. Chest maned. Catoblepas.

1. CONNOCHETES GNU. The GNU or KOKOON.
Nose with a tuft of reversed hair. Chest maned. Brown or



120 MAMMALIA.

blackish; the lower part of the mane and tail often paler or
whitish. Young pale fulvous. Nasal, gular and nuchal mane
black.

Antilope Gnou, Zimmerm. Geog. Gesch. ii. 102; Gmelin, S. N.

i. 189.
A. Connochsetes Gnu, Licht. Berl. Mag. vi. 165; Reise, ii. 66 ;

Schreb. Saugth. 1165. t. 280; Cuvier, Diet. S. N. ii. 247. t. ;

Harris, W. A. Anim. t. 1, and heads; Burchell, Trav. i. 24,

431, 432, ii. 278 ; Desm. Mam. 472.
A. Boselaphus Gnu, Blainv. B. S. Phil. 1816, 75; Fischer, Syn.

475, 642.

A. Capensis, Gatterer, Brev. Zool. i. 80.
Catablepas operculatus, J. Brookes, Cat. Mus. 64.
Bos Connochaetes, Forster, MSS. 66.
Bos Gnu, Thunb. Mem. Acad. Petersb. iii. 339.
Catoblepas Gnu, H. Smith, G. A. K. v. 885; Gray, List Mamm,

B. M. 154 ; Ann. fy Mag. N. H. 1846, 232.
Catoblepas Gnou, Gray, List Osteol. Sp. B. M. 59.
Antilope Boselaphus Taurina, Fischer, Syn. 476.
Antilope Taurina, Burch. Travels, ii. 277- fig.
Antilope Gnu var. grisea, Goldfuss.
Catoblepas Taurina, H. Smith, G. A. K. v. 886; Gray, List

Mamm. B. M. 154, not A. Smith.
Katoblepas, dElian, Anim. vii. 5 ; Plinii H. N. viii. 39.
T'Gnu, Hottentots, Sparrm. K. Svensk. V. Hand. 1779, 76. t. 3.
Gnou or Niou, Bujfon, H. N. Supp. vi. 39. t. 8; Cuvier, R. A.

i. 264 ; Daniel, African Scenery, t. 3.
BoschbufFell, Vosmaer, Besch. 1784, t.
Gnou Antelope, Penn. Quad. i. 70; Shaw, Zool. i. 319; Barrow,

Travels; Burchell, Trav.

?Koknu, Truter fy Somm. Geog. Ephem. 1807, 273.
Wildebeest, Dutch at Cape.
Kokong, Licht. Berl. Mag. vi. 166.
Hab. S. Africa.

S. Africa. Presented by William Burchell, Esq., LL.D.

Half-grown. S. Africa.

Young? S. Africa.

Young. South Africa. From the South African Museum.

Young. S. Africa.

Three parts grown. S. Africa.

OSTEOLOGY.

Frontal bone and horns. South Africa. Presented by J.
Hillier, Esq.

Skull, with horns. S. Africa. From Mr. Argent's Collection.



MAMMALIA. 12{

Skeleton. S. Africa. From the Zoological Society's Collection.
Skull, with horns. S. Africa.

ICON.

Drawing of the head in colours by Rymsdyk, 1775. Bank.
Icon. ined. B. M. t. 56.

Bos Connochsetus. G. Forster, Icon. ined. B. M. i. 1. 19, 19 a,
20-28.

The Antilope Gnu of Burchell, H. Smith, F. Cuvier and Harris,
" and the Kokong of Lichtenstein," has a white tail and mane.
Burchell and H. Smith have given the name of A. taurina to the
specimens which have those parts black. When young they are
fulvous, and become black as they reach maturity. The speci-
men of the Kokoon in the Museum of the London Missionary
Society (Blomfield Street, Moorfields), named by Colonel H.
Smith Kokoon (Cat. taurina, Griff. A. K. iv. 369, v. 368), is an
adult common Gnu, C. Gnu ( Var. mane and tail white ; Kokona,
Licht. Trav. Cape), and his description of Dr. Burchell' s speci-
men in the British Museum agrees with the Gnu in having the
ridge of hair on the face. Indeed, Dr. Burchell (Travels, ii. 278)
appears to consider the difference between the Gnu and A. tau-
rina, that the former has a white and the latter a black tail.
Dr. Andrew Smith (Illust. Zool. S. A.) has regarded the C. tau-
rina and C. Gorgon as the same species. Dr. Sundevall, in his
Synopsis, has, by mistake, given the name of C. taurina to the
Gorgon, or Brindled Gnu (C. Gorgon, H. Smith).

b. Nose with smooth hair. Chest not maned. 30. Gorgon.

2. CONNOCHETES GORGON. The GORGON or BRINDLED GNU.

Face convex, smooth, covered with hair lying towards the
nose. Chest not maned. Black, varied and striped with grey.
Half-grown blackish; crown grey. Young dark grey; face,
gular and nuchal mane, and end of tail, black.

Catoblepas Gorgon, H. Smith, G. A. K. iv. 371. t., v. 887 ; Gray,
List Mamm. B. M. 154; Ann. fy Mag. N. H. 1846, 232;
Knowsley Menag. 20. t. ; Proc. Zool. Soc. 1849, 13.9.

Antilope Boselaphi Gorgon, Fischer, Syn. 643.

Antilope Gnu var., Smut, Mam. Cap. 94.

Gorgon fasciatus, Gray, Knowsley Menag. t.

Bastard Wilde Beest, Dutch at Cape.

Kokoon or Brindled Gnoo, Harris, S. Africa, t. 4, and head.

Catoblepas Taurina, Sundevall, Pecor a', not Burchellnor H. Smith.

Hob. S. Africa; Cape of Good Hope.

Male. From the South African Museum.



122 MAMMALIA.

Female. S. Africa.

Young. S. Africa. From the S. African Museum.

Half-grown. S. Africa.

OSTEOLOGY.

Skull. S. Africa.

The Brindled Gnu lives to the north of the Black River or
Nugariep, and though herds feed almost on its banks, yet it is
not known to cross it. It occurs in large herds on the plains
north of the Orange River, and when alarmed each herd de-
camps in long regular files. The flesh is much sought after. The
Bechuana use the skins for their cloaks or mantles. And. Smith.

Note. Catoblepas Brooksii, H. Smith, G. A. K. iv. 366. t. .
f. , from horn only, is a very doubtful species.

E. The Bovine Antelopes. Nose moderately broad, with a moderate
or small, bald, moist muffle. Horn high on the frontal ridge.
Grinders rather small, without supplemental lobes. The cen-
tral cutting-teeth enlarged at the end. Skull with " a large
deep impression before the orbit, but no fissure ; the masse-
teric ridge not extending high the bones of the face length-
ened downwards and forwards, and the occiput also pro-
longed and drawn downwards j the process upon the alisphe-
noid bone, which terminates the pterygoid ridge, prolonged
and ensiform ; the auditory bulla large and prominent, en-
closing a large rounded space for the attachment of the sty-
lohyal bone ; the basioccipital tubercles high and sharp, the
groove between them narrow in front, wide behind, with aflat
space between the occipital condyles the median incisors
expanded at their summits; the molars rather small, narrow,
and without supplemental lobes, showing, when somewhat
worn, a pit in the middle." Turner.

Bovine Antelopes, Gray, Ann. fy Mag. N. H. 1846; Knowsley

Menag. 20.

Damalis acronotus, H. Smith, G. A. K. iv.-v.
Alcelaphus, Turner, P. Z. S. 1850.
Damalidse, part., J. Brookes, Cat. Mus. 64.

31. ALCELAPHUS.

Horns lyrate, on the upper edge of the rather produced frontal
bones, thick at the base, end suddenly curved at a nearly right
angle. Nose moderately broad, cervine. Muffle moderate, bald,
moist. Crumen covered with a tuft of hair. Female : teats 2.

Alcelaphus (Bubalis), Blainv. Bull. Soc. Philom. 1816.
Acronotus, sp., H. Smith, Griffith A. K. v. 182 ; Fischer, Syn. 625.



MAMMALIA.



123



Boselaphus, Gray, Ann. fy Mag. N. H. 1846, 233; Knowsley

Menag. 20; Proc. Zool Soc. 1849, 139; not Elainv.
Alcelaphus, sp., Turner, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1850.
Buselaphus, Rail Syn.
Gazella, sp., Elainv. Butt. Soc. Phil 1816.
?Bubalis, Rafinesque, Anal Nat. 56, 1815.

1. ALCELAPHUS BUBALIS. The BUBALE.

Pale brown, nearly uniform. Rump like back.
Antilope Bubalis (part.), Pallas, Misc. 7; Spic. Z. xii. 16 (not

syn.).
Antilope Bubalis, Goldfuss, Schreb. Saugth.\\7l. t. 277 ; GmeKn,

S. N. i. 288; Cuvier, Diet. Sci. Nat. ii. 241. t.; F. Cuvier,

Mam. Lithog. t.; Fisch. Syn. 473, 641.
A. Bubalides Bubalis, Licht. Berl. Mag. vi. 163; Burchell, Trav.

i. 420, ii. 82, 334.
A. (Alcelaphus) Bubalis, Blainv. Bull. S. Phil. 1816, 75; Desm.

Mam. 466.

Damalis (acronotus) bubalis, H. Smith, G. A. K. v. 8?6.
Damalis bubalis, J. Brookes, Cat. Mus. 64.
Bubalis Mauritanicus, Ogilby, P. Z. S. 1836, 139.
Alcelaphus Bubalis, Turner, P. Z. Soc. 1848.
EovjSaXos, Oppian, Cyneget. ii. 300.

Bubalus, Plin. H. Nat. viii. 15; Aldrov. Bisulc. 363. fig. 365.


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