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Catalogue of the specimens of Mammalia in the collection of the British Museum (Volume 3) online

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pressed hair. Skull with a more or less deep suborbital pit, but
no fissure.

Ovis, sp., Linn.
Capra, sp., Elumenb. ; Fischer.
Musmon, Schrank, Fauna Boica.
Aries, Rqfin. Anal. Nat. 56, 1815.

1. Ovis (ARIES) ARIES. The SHEEP.

JEgoceros Aries, Pallas ; Wagner.

Ovis Aries, Linn. S. N. i. 97; Gmelin, S. N. i. 197; Erxl. 242;

Desm. Mam. 488 ; Gray, List Mamm. B. M. 169 ; List, Osteol.

B. M. 61 ; List Hodgson Mam. fy Birds B. M. ; Sundevall,

Pecora, 89.

Ovis domestica, Brisson, Reg. Anim. 74.
Capra Ovis, Elumenb. Naturg. x. 116.
Capra Aries, Fischer, Syn. 489. 649.
Musmon Aries, Schrank, Faun. Boic. i. 46.
Pecus, Aries, Ovis, Plin. H. N, viii. 47, 48.
Ovis Aries, &c., Gesner, Quad. 872. f. 8/3, 925, 926; Jonst.

Quad. 54. t. 22; Linn. Am&n. Acad. iv. 169.
Sheep, Penn. B. Z. 10; Youatt, Sheep, their breeds, fyc.; Low,

Dom. Anim. Brit. Islands.
Ram, Penn. Syn. 10.
Belier et Brebis, Buffon, H. N. v. 1 . 1. 1, 2 ; Schdf. Meyer Thiere,

i. t. 51 ; Walther, Wetterau Ann. i. 283.
Hab. Domesticated,



162



MAMMALIA.



Female Turkish Sheep, brown and white varied ; tail slender ;
with two throat-beards.

O. Aries Africanus, Linn.

O. Aries longicaudatus, Brisson ?

Male,, many-horned, white and black varied.

O. Aries polyceratus, Linn.-, Buffon, H. N. xi. 354. t. 31, 32;
Penn. B. Quad. t. 3. f. 2, 3.

Young.

OSTEOLOGY.

Mouton, Cuvier, Oss. Foss. iv. t. 1. f. 1-4, skull.

Brebis, Daub. H. N.v. I.

Horns of many-horned variety.

Horns of many-horned variety.

Horns, small.

Skull and horns of spiral-] lorned variety.

Skull and horns of spiral-horned variety.

Horns of spiral-horned variety.

Horns of spiral-horned variety.

Skull, with the horns united together at the Kase.

Var. Huniah Sheep.

Skull of adult male, with horns. Nepal. Presented by B. H.
Hodgson, Esq.

Skull of young, without the cases of the horns. Nepal. Pre-
sented by B. H. Hodgson, Esq.

Skull of young, without the cases of the horns. Nepal. Pre-
sented by B. H. Hodgson, Esq.

Two skulls of many-horned variety, horns of each side arising
from the same base, showing that they are produced by the divi-
sion of the core. Nepal. Presented by B. H. Hodgson, Esq.

Two skulls of four-horned varieties, with horns separate from
one another at the base (each wanting one sheath). Nepal.
Presented by B. H. Hodgson, Esq.

Var. Dumba. Skull of a " Cabul Dumba Sheep." Presented
by B. H. Hodgson, Esq.

Var. Cago. Skull of adult (without the sheath of the horns),
imperfect. Presented by B. H. Hodgson, Esq.

Skull of the young, hornless.

Var. Horns united at the base. Skull, with the horns cut off
near the base. Presented by B. H. Hodgson, Esq.

Skull. England.

Skull. From Mr. Argent's Collection.

Skull. Fat-tailed variety. From Mr. Argent's Collection.

Horns, separate.

Skull and horns.



MAMMALIA. 163

Skull and horns.

Skull and horns. From Mr. Argent's Collection.

The Domestic Sheep offer many varieties in the form and even
the number of the horns, and especially in the texture of their
fur. Many in cold and temperate climates, which are covered
with wool, when they are moved to a warmer climate become
permanently covered with short hair.

Dr. Gardiner in his journey from Pernambuco to Crato passed
through a flock of several hundred sheep. " The excessive heat
of the climate had wrought a remarkable change in their appear-
ance, their skin being wholly destitute of wool, and replaced by
a short hair not unlike that of a cow." Trav. 163.

But some kinds even in England, which are covered with wool
in the winter, are covered with short adpressed hair in the sum-
mer. This is the case with the West India Sheep, noticed by
Mr. Blyth (Ann. Nat. Hist. vii. 255). They also present several
varieties in the form of the tail.

Pallas divides the Russian Sheep into four varieties, according
to the shape of the tail, thus :

a. O. dolichura occidentalis, Pallas, Spic. Zool. xi. 60; Zoo/.

Ross. Asiat. 233.

b. O. platyura media, Pallas, S. Z. xi. 78; Itin. poster, ii. ;

Zool. Ross. Asiat. 233.

c. O. Steatopyga orientalis, Pallas, S. Z. xi. 63. 80. t. 4 ; Nov.

Comm. Petrop. v. 31. 343. t. 8; Zool. Ross. Asiat. 233.

d. O. brachyura borealis, Pallas, Spic. Zool. xi. 61 ; Zool. Ross.

Asiat. 233.

DOMESTIC VARIETIES.

1 . Spanish Sheep, Shaw, Zool.

uvis Hispanicus, Linn. Amain. Acad. iv. 174.

Merino, Desm. N. Diet. H. N. t. 918. f. 1, 2.

Merino Sheep, Knight, Mus. Anim. Nat. f. 682.

British Middle-wooled Sheep, Knight, Mus. An. Nat. f. 684.

Merino Ram and Ewe, Low, Dom. Anim. Brit. Islands, ii. 1. 12,

2. Common Sheep, Penn. Syn. ; Hist. Quad. i. 33.
Ovis rusticus, Linn. Amcen. Acad. iv. 174.

O. Gallica, Desm.

O. brachyura, Pallas, Spic. Zool.

O. leptura, Schreb. Saugth. t. 290 A. B.

a. Hornless Sheep, O. Anglicana, Linn. Am&n. Acad. iv. 1/4.
Ovis A. Anglicus, Erxleb.
Lincolnshire Sheep.



164



MAMMALIA.



b. Muggs Sheep and Shetland Sheep, Fleming, Brit. Anim. 25.
Shetland Sheep, Bewick, Hist. Quad. 68.

Soft-wooled Highland Sheep, Low, Dom. Anim. B. Islands.

c. Ry eland Ram and Ewe, Low, Dom. Anim. B. I. ii. t. 13.

d. Southdown Ram, Ewe and Lamb, Low, Dom. Anim. B. I. ii.

t. 14, 15.

e. Old Lincoln Ram, Low, Dom. Anim. B. I. ii. t. 16.

/. Romney Marsh Ewe and Lamb, Low, Dom. Anim. B. I. ii. 1. 1 7-
g. Cobwold Ewe and Lamb, Low, Dom. Anim. B. I. ii. t. 18.

h. New Leicester Ram and Wether, Low, Dom. Anim. B. I. ii.t.iy.
Leicester Ewe and Lambs, Stephens, Book of the Farm, 1278.

fig. & t. 33.
Improved Leicestershire Sheep, Bewick, Hist. Quad. 63.

i. Cheviot Ram, Bewick, Hist. Quad. 58. fig.

k. Old Teeswater Ram, Bewick, Hist. Quad. 60. fig.

/. Improved Teeswater Ram, Bewick, Hist. Quad. 61. fig.

m. Mr. Culley's Wedder, Bewick, Hist. Quad. 66. fig.

n. The Dunky or Dwarf Ram, Bewick, Hist. Quad. 70. fig.

o. Zetland and Orkney Ram and Ewe, Low, Dom. Anim. B. I.
ii. t. 1.

p. Higher Welsh Mountain Ewes, Low, Dom. Anim. B. I. ii. t. 2.

q. Soft-wooled Sheep of Wales (Ewes), Low, Dom. Anim. B. I.
ii. t. 3.

r. Wicklow Mountain Sheep (Ram and Ewe), Low, Dom. Anim.
B. I. ii. t. 4.

s. The Kerry Sheep (Wethers), Low, Dom. Anim. B. I. ii. t. 5.
t. Exmoor Ram and Ewe, Low, Dom. Anim. B. I. ii. t. 6.

u. Black-faced Sheep, Fleming, Brit. Anim. 25.
Ovis collaris, Walker, Essays, 522.
Black-faced Heath Sheep (Ewe and Lamb), Low, Dom. Anim.

B. I. ii. t. 7. Ram, t. 3, Supp.

Black-faced or Heath Ram, Bewick, Hist. Quad. 56. fig.
Improved Heath Ram, Bewick, Hist. Quad. 57. fig.
Black-faced Ram and Ewe, Stephens, Book of the Farm, 1281.

v. Cheviot Ewe, Low, Dom. Anim. B. I. ii. t. 8.
Cheviot-tup, Stephens, Book of the Farm, 1279.

w. Old Norfolk Ewe, Low, Dom. Anim. B. I. ii. t. 9.



MAMMALIA. 165

x. Old Wiltshire Ram and Ewe, Low, Dom. Anim. B. I. ii. 1. 10,
y. Dorset Ram and Ewe, Low, Dom. Anim. B. I. ii. t. 11.

z. The Rass or Roosh, Ovis Polii, Blyth, P. Z. S. 1840, 62; Ann.

$ Mag. N. H. vii. 195. t. 5. f. 1, 2, horns ; Gray, List Os-

teol. B. M. 61.
Ovis Sculptoram, Blyth, P. Z. S. 1840, 63; Ann. fy Mag. N.

H. vii. 196. t. 5. f. 3, 4.
Wild Sheep, Marco Polo, Travels, 142.
Rasse, Burnes, Travels Bokhara, ii. 208.
Hab. India; Plains of Pamer, east of Bokhara, 16,000 feet

above the sea level. Blyth.

OSTEOLOGY.

Horns, separate. Bokhara. Presented by the East India Com-
pany.

The skull named Ovis Polii in the Museum of the India Com-
pany, Leadenhall Street, which was sent from the Asiatic Society
of Bengal, agrees with Blyth's figure, and is probably one of the
heads he describes as being in that Collection ; the facial line is
very convex.

The India Company received from Capt. Strachan (Dec. 1850)
the skin, with head and horns, which exactly resembles the pair
of horns and skull from the Bengal Society, and with Blyth's
figures ; but it is evidently a variety of the Domestic Sheep co-
vered with wool.

The animal does not agree with the Katchgar or Wild Sheep
of Wood's Sources of the Oxus, 368, quoted by Mr. Blyth in the
Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal.

3. Barwall Sheep, Ovis (Aries) Barwal, Hodgson, J. Asiat. Soc.

Beng. x. 913.
Ovis Barual, Hodgson, J. A. S. B. xvi. 1010. t. , & t. . f . 3,

head.

Kachar or Barwal Sheep, Hodgson, J. A. S. B. i. 347-
O. Ammonoides var. 1, Gray, Cat. Hodgson Coll. B. M. 29.
Barwall, Ogilby in Royle's Himal. i. 75.
Hab. Nepal.

Skin, with head and horns, imperfect. Nepal. Presented by
J. B. Hodgson, Esq.

OSTEOLOGY.

Skull, with horns, half-grown, imperfect. Nepal.
Two pair of horns of different ages. Nepal.

ICON.

Drawing of adult. Hodgson, MSS.ined. B.M. 1. 179, 1. 181. f, 2.



166 MAMMALIA.

4. Huniah Sheep, Ovis hunia, Hodgs. J. A. S. B. i. 348, xvi.

1847, 1005-1 ; P. Z. S. 1834, 99.
The Hoonia or Black-faced Sheep of Tibet, Hodgs. J. A. S. B.

xi. 284. t. , young male.
Hoaniah Sheep, Oyilby in Royle's Himal. i. 75.
Hab. Nepal, Northern hilly region.

" Large tall breed, with slender, compressed, spirally twisted
horns, and short narrow tails ; wool white, superb ; individuals
have often three, four, and even five horns." Hodgson.

OSTEOLOGY.

A skull of adult male, with horns.

Two skulls of young, without the cases of the horns.

Two skulls of many-horned variety, horns of each side arising
from the same base, showing they are produced by the division
of the core.

Two skulls of four-horned varieties, with horns separate from
one another at the base (each wanting one sheath).

ICON. -

Drawing of Hoonia Sheep, two varieties. Hodgson, Icon. ined.
B. M. t. 180, one copied 1. 181. f. 1.

" Barwall and Hoaniah Sheep are used as beasts of burden for
carrying grain and other produce across the mountains." Ogilby,
I. c/74.

5. Cago, Hodgs. J. A. S. B. x. 913.

Ovis Cagia, Hodgs. J. A. S. B. xvi. 1013.

The Kago, or Tame Sheep of Cabul region, Hodgs. J.A.S.B.

i. 348.

Cago Sheep, Gray, List Hodgson Mam. fy Birds B. M.
Hab. Nepal, Central hilly region.

OSTEOLOGY.

A skull of adult (without the sheath of the horns), imperfect.
A skull of the young, hornless.

ICON.

Drawing of male Cago or Cajia Bhira, female and young.
Hodgson, Icon. ined. B. M. t. 182.

6. Seling Ovis Silingia, Hodgs. J. A. S. B. x. 913, xvi. 1008.

t. , & t. . f. 4.

Hab. Nepal, Central hilly region ; Tibet, eastern.
A specimen with head and horns.

ICON.

Drawing of Silingia Sheep, male and female. Hodgson, Icon,
ined. B. M. t. 183.



MAMMALIA. 167



. uY}im)MQe]),ucanan,Mysore,ii.277>t.l7 <$ 9.f.42,43.
Wool thick, curly, with little or no hair. Ears small.
Hob. India; Mysore.

8. The Sheep called Garar, Buchanan Hamilton 1 *, Icon. ined. Mus.

Ind. Company, t. # ? .

Black. Wool short. Tail very long, slender. Horns short,
close-pressed on side of head. Face arched. Ears large, de-
pendent.

Hab. India.

9. The Dukhun Sheep, Sykes, P. Z. S. 1831.

Legs short. Body throughout short, chaffron arched. Wool
short, crisp and coarse, nine-tenths black, with a white streak
from angle of the eyes to the mouth, and a white patch on crown.
They are extensively bred; as many as 20,000 or 30,000 Sheep
and Goats may be seen together in the uncultivated tracts of
the Dukhun.

Hab. Dukhun.

10. West-Indian Sheep, Blyth, Ann. N. H. vii. 255, note.
Hab. West Indies. Mus. Zool. Soc.

11. Brazilian Sheep, Gardiner, Travels Brazils, 163.
Hab. Brazils.

12. Demerara Sheep. Brown. Horned. Ears small, erect, co-

vered with long, harsh hair, much longer on the sides ; of
face short, adpressed. Tail elongate, slender. In summer,
hair short and adpressed.
Hab. W. Africa.
A male. From the Gardens of the Zoological Society.

13. South American Sheep, Ovis Aries, Renger, 366.

14. Smooth-haired Sheep, Ovis Africanus, Raii Syn. 75; Linn.

AmoKn. Acad. vi. 173.
O. jEthiopica, Charlet. Exerc. 9.
O. Africana a, Sloane, Jam. ii. 328.
Hab. Africa.

15. African Sheep, Penn. Syn. 12.

Ovis Guineensis, Raii Syn. 75; Linn. S. N. 98 ; /. Geoff. Diet.

Class. H. N. xi. 268.
A. longipes, Desm. Mam. 489.
A. Guineensis seu Angolensis, Mara. Bras. 234. fig.
Caper Mambrinus, Charlet. Exerc. 10.
Adimmayn, Marmol. Afric. i. 39.
Mouton, Adans. Seneg. 37.



168 MAMMALIA,

Mouton a longe jambes, F. Cuv. Mam. Lith. t.
Belier du Senegal, Buff on, H. N* xi. 359.
Sheep of Sahara, Shaw, Travels, 241.
Ha b. Africa.

16. Guinea Sheep, Knight, Mus. Anim. Nat. f. 676.

Belier et Brebis des Indes, Buffon, H. N. xi. t. 35, 36 ; cop.

O. A. Guineensis, Schreb. Saugth. t. 294 a, b, c.
Hab. Guinea.

17- Morvant de la Chine, Buffon, Supp. iii. t. 10.
Hab. China?

18. Shaymbliar (Sheep), Buchanan, Mysore, ii. 277. t. 18. f. 44,

45 <? 9-

Wool very scanty, principally covered with reddish brown or
black hair.

Hab. India; Mysore.

19. Sheep of Zeyla, Buckingham, Trav. Arab Tribes, 93.
White. Head and neck black or brown, covered with hair.

Tail slender at the tip, short, broad, and fat at the base.

Hab. Zeyla ; entrance of Red Sea. Domestic at Mokha ; Buck-
ingham.

20. Fezzan Sheep, Bennett, List Anim. Gard. Zool. Soc. 1830,

12. 474.
Hab. Tripoli. Presented by Hanmer Warrington, Esq.

21. St. Helena Sheep. Covered with short smooth hair. White,

black spotted. Tail subcvlindrical.
Hab. St. Helena.

A lamb born in Enfield, from one of Mr. Warren's flocks at
Enfield. Purchased of Mr. Argent, 1850. A true Sheep, very
like a Goat, with a cylindrical tail.

22. Marocco Sheep, Ovis Ar. Numidae, H. Smith, Griff. A. K. iv.

326.
Hab. Marocco.

23. Congo Sheep, Ovis Aries Congensis, H. Smith, Griff. A. K. iv.

326.
Hab. Congo.

24 . Angola Sheep, Ovis Aries Angolensis, H. Smith, Griff. A , K. iv.

326.
Hab.. Angola.

25. Zenu or Goitred Sheep, Ovis Aries Steatinion, H. Smith,

Griff. A. K. iv. 327. t. 196.
Hab. Angola.



MAMMALIA. 169

26. The Ixalus, Ixalus probaton, Ogilby, Proc. Zool. Soc. 183G,

119, 135.

Ovis , sp., Blyth, P. Z. S. 1840, 12; 1843, 73; Ann. $

Mag. N. H. vii. 255.
Ovis ixalon, Sundevall, Pecora, 90.
Ovis Aries var., Gray, Knowsley Menag. 40.

Hab. . Mus. Zool. Soc.

Mr. Ogilby made a genus of this skin, but it appears to be
only a short-haired Sheep with rudimentary horns.

27. Cretan Sheep, Perm. Syn. 1 1 . t. 3. f. 1 ; Hist. Quad. 33; Shaw,

Zool. ii. t. 203.
Ovis Strepsiceros, Raii Syn. 75; Linn. Syst.Nat. i. 98; Belon.

Obs. 20. fig.

O. A. Strepsiceros, Schreb. Sauath. t. 291 a. b.
O. Cretensis, Jonst. Quad. t. 45.
Capra Cretensis, Brisson.

Strepsiceros Cretica, Besch. Naturf. Freund. iv. 624. t. 20,
Cretensis Aries, Aldrov. Bisulc. 406. fig.
Strepsiceros, Buff on, H. N. xi. 358.

Belier et Brebis de Valachie, Buff on, H. N. Supp. iii. t. 7, 8.
Zackl, Austrians.

Wallachian Sheep, Bewick, Hist. Quad. 73. fig.
Chevre de Crete, Buffon, H. N.
Hab. Island of Crete.

28. Long-tailed Sheep, Ovis longicaudatus, Brisson, R. A. 76.
O. dolichura seu tscherkessica, Pallas, Spic. xi. 60.

Ovis dolichura occidentalis, Pallas, Zool. Ross. Asiat. i. 233.

O. Arabica, Jonston, Quad. t. 23.

Arabiae Oves, Aldrov. Bisulc. 404.

Arabisch Schaf, Gesn. Thierb. 326. fig.

Mouton a long queue, Munk. Palestine, t. 3.

Hab. Russia.

29. Broad-tailed Sheep, Shaw, Travels, 241 ; Penn. Syn. 4. t. 1.
Ovis laticaudatus, ErxL, Geoff. Mem. Egypt, t. ; Lesson,

Comp. Buffon, x. 312.
O. laticauda platyceros s. arabica, Linn. Am&n. Acad. iv. 173 ;

J. G. Gmelin, Nov. Com. Petrop. v. 343. t. 8.
O. Turcica, Charlet. Exerc. 9.
O. cauda obesa, Ludolf, ^Eth. 146. fig.
Arabiae Oves, Aldrov. Bisulc. 404. fig.
Mouton de Barbaric, Buffon, H. N. xi. 355. t. 33.
Sheep, Russel, Aleppo, 51.
Belier de Tunis, Ency. MeU. t. 47. f. 2.
Hab. Barbary.



170 MAMMALIA.

a. Fat-rumped Sheep, Penn. Quad. ; Shaw.

O. Steatopyga, Pallas, Spic. 55. t. 4. f. 1, 2; Schreb. Saugth.

t. 292.
Ovis steatopyga orientalis, Pallas, Nov. Comm. Petrop. v. 3L

343. t. 8 ; Zool. Ross. Asiat. i. 233.
O. Aries Kurgiesia, Gene, I. c.
Tartarian Sheep, Bewick, Hist. Quad. 71. fig.

b. Persian Sheep, Knight, Mus. Anim. Nat. f. 677.

Ovis A. ecaudatus, I. Geoff. Diet. Class. H. N. xi. 268.
O. Aries recurvicauda, Gene, Mem. Acad. Torino, xxxvii. 286.
t. 1 & 2.

c Fat-tailed Sheep, Knight, Mus. Anim. Nat. f. 6/8, 679.
O. A. macrocercus, Schreb. Saugth. t. 295 ; Gene, Mem. Acad,

Torino, xxxvji. 285.
Mouton a grosse queue, F. Cuvier, Mam. Lith. t.

d. The Aora fiyel, or Abyssinian Sheep.

Ovis steatopygus, Des Mur. et Flor. Prevost, Voy. en Abys-

sinie, vi. 36. t. 6. 1851.
Hob. Abyssinia.

e. Bucharian Sheep, Ovis Bucharica, Pallas, Spic. xi. 78.
Mouton d'Astrachan, Desm.

Ovis Aries Astrachanica, Gene, Mem. Acad. Torino, xxxvii.
Ovis platura media, Pallas, Zool. Ross. Asiat. i. 233.
Hob. Bucharia, Caucasus, and Persia.

The skin of the unborn lambs with grey curled hair is much
prized as a fur.

/. Thibetan Sheep, O. Thibetanus, Fischer, Syn. 491.
Cachemerisches und Thibetanisches Schaf, Walth.
Tus Aessel, Thibetian.
Hab. Thibet.

g. Cape Sheep, Penn. Syn. t. 4. f. 2.

Ovis Capensis, Erxleb. 250; Thunb. Mem. Acad. Petersb. iii.

318.
Hab. Cape.

h. Ovis Aries appendiculata, Gene, Mem. Acad. Torino, xxxvii.

285.

i. Sheep of Belkah, Buckingham, Trav. Arab. Tribes, 93.

Body white. Head and neck black or brown. Covered with
thick wool. Tail short, fat, broad, with a thin excrescence at.
the end like a pig-tail, about an inch long.
Hab. Palestine ; Plains of Belkah.



MAMMALIA. 171

30. Many-horned Sheep, Penn. Syn. t. 3. f. 2, 3 ; Bewick, Hist.

Quad. 72. fig.
Ovis polyceratus, Linn. Amoen. Acad. iv. 174 ; Schreb. Saugth.

t. 289.

O. sexcornis et O. tricornis, Aldrov Eisulc. 397. fig.
Brebis a plusieurs comes, Buff on, H. N. xi. 354.
Belier et Brebis d'Island, Buffan, H. N. xi. t. 31, 32.
Four-horned Ram, Knight, Mus. Anim. Nat. f. 680.
Dumba Sheep, Gray, List Hodgson Mam. fy Birds B. M.
Hob. India; Nepal.

31. The Puchia or Hindostan Dumba.

Ovis puchia or O. pucchia, Hodgson, Journ. Asiat. S. B. xvi.

1016. t.
Cabul Dumba, Hodgson, I. c. ii. 390, iv. 330.

Skull of a " Cabul Dumba" Sheep.

Drawing of " Indian Doomba Sheep." Hodgson, Icon. ined.
B. M. t. 184. f. 1, copied t. 185. f. 1.

Drawing of " Cabool Doomba Sheep." Hodgson, Icon. ined.
B. M. t. 184. f. 2, copied t. 185. f. 2.

Four-horned Sheep, with long mane on neck below. Drawing
in India ink, with a pencil sketch on the back. Bank. Icon.
Mam. t.

Drawing in colours, by S. Parkinson, after nature. Bank.
Icon. Mam. t., copied Pennant, Quad. i. t. 3. f. 2.

Drawing in colours, by F. Masson^ in lat. 50, long. 115.
Bank. Icon. Mam. t.

Hob. India.

32. The Short-tailed Sheep.

Ovis brachyura borealis, Pallas, Spic. Zool. xi. 61 ; Zool.

Ross. Asiat. i. 233.
Hob. Northern Russia.

33. Sheep of Tartary, Moorcroft; Lesson, Compl. Buffon, x. 313.
Hab. Tartary.

" Eat bones like a dog."

2. CAPROVIS. MOUFFLONS or WILD SHEEP.

Horns (in male only) bent in a half circle over the back, heavy,
wrinkled, angular and compressed. Muifle none. Nose ovine.
Eye-pits small, indistinct. Tail short, deer-like, without any
tail-disc. Hair thick, entirely concealing the woolly under-coat.
Beard none. Caprine odour none. Skull with small deep pit
in front of orbit.

Caprovis, Hodgson, Var. Gen. Ruminants, 1847, 18.
Ovis Musimon, Gray, Knowsley Menag.

H2



172 MAMMALIA.

A. Musimon. Tail very short. Horns with the outer edge not
prominent and rounded. Throat and sides with a dark streak.

1. CAPROVIS (MUSIMON) VIGNEI. The SHA or KOCH.

Throat with a fringe of black hairs. Fur rufous brown. La-
teral streak, rings on lower part of feet, blackish. Belly and
back of shanks, and ring above hoofs, white. Skull : suborbital
pit deep and rounded.

Ovis Vignei, Blyth, P. Z. S. 1840; Ann. fy Mag. N. H. vii. 251.

t. 5. f. 9, horns; Gray, List Mamm. B. M. 169; List Osteol.

B. M. 61.
? Mountain Sheep, Lord in Burnes' Cabool, 384; Ray Soc. Rep.

i. 64.

Ovis Musimon Vignei, Gray, Knowsley Menag.
Wild Sheep of Hindu Koosh, Vigne, Journ. Asiat. Soc. Bengal,

1840, 440; Ray Soc. Rep. i. 64.

Ovis cycloceros, Hutton in M'Clelland, Calc. Journ. N. H. iii. 1. 19.
Sha (not Sna), in Little Thibet.
Koch, at Suliman's Range.
Koh i poombar, by the Afghans.
Hab. Thibet.

Male. Ladank. Presented by the East India Company.
Horns, with skin of forehead. Thibet ?

OSTEOLOGY. Blyth, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1840, 71.

Skull and horns. North India. Presented by the East India
Company.

Horns, separate. North India. Presented by the East India
Company.

Horn, single. North India. Presented by the E. India Company,

Skull. Thibet. From Mr. Argent's Collection.

Skull. Thibet. From Mr. Argent's Collection.

Horns. Thibet. From Mr. Argent's Collection.

Horns, separate. Thibet. From Mr. Argent's Collection.

Two skulls. Ladank. Presented by the East India Company.

2. CAPROVIS (MUSIMON) ORIENTALIS. The ARMENIAN
SHEEP.

Fulvous chestnut, darker on the back. Limbs and under parts
whitish. Tuft of black and white hair above the wrist. Males
with a dark line of more or less elongated hair on front of neck,
widening into a patch on the chest. " Horns of male subtrigo-
nal, compressed and very deep, with strongly-marked angles,
and cross striae, diverging backwards, with slight arcuation near
the tips, which incline inwards." Blyth.



MAMMALIA. 173

Ovis orientalis, Gmelin, Reise Russland, iii. 486. t. 55; Pallas,
Spic. Zool. xii. 15. t. 5. f. 1, horns; Keyselin. Europ. Wirb.

Ovis Gmelinii, Blyth, P. Z. S. 1840, 69; Ann. fy Mag. N. H.
vii. 250. t. 5. f. 8, horns.

JEgoceros Musimon, Pallas, Zool. Ross. Asiat. 360.

Ovis Musimon, Brandt Sf Ratz. Zool. Med. t.

Ovis (Musimon) orientalis, Gray, Knowsley Menag.

Hob. Armenia; Erzeroom.

Half- grown male. Armenia. Presented by the Hon. R. Curzon.
Skull. Tunis. From Mr. Fraser's Collection.

3. CAPROVIS MUSIMON. The MOUFFLON.

Brown.

Hircus Capra orientalis, Brisson, R. A. 71 (not Gmelin).
Capra Ammon (part.), Linn. S. N. i. 47.
Capra Ammon, Blumenb. Naturg. x. 117.
Ovis Ammon (part.), Erxl. Syst. 250 ; Gmelin, S, N. i. 200.
Ovis Musimon, Schreb. Saugth. viii. 242. t. 286 ; Blyth, P.Z. S.

1840, 72; Ann. fy Mag. N. H. vii.
Ovis Musimon, Musimon, Gray, Knowsley Menag.
Ovis aries fera, Desm. Mamm. 488.
jEgionomus Ammon (part.), Ranz. Elem. Zool. ii. 652.
Ovis Musmon, H. Smith, Griffith A. K. v. 875; Bonap. Faun.

Ital. i.
Capra Musmon, Fischer, Syn. Mam. 488 ; Bonap. Fauna Ital.

45. t. 1 3.

Mouflon or Musmon, Bewick, Quad. 74. fig.
Siberian Goat (part. Corsican var.), Penn. Syn. i. 18.
Wild Sheep (part. Corsican var.), Penn. Hist. i. 39.
Ophion, Plin. Hist. Nat. xxviii.-xxx.
Musmon, Plin. Hist. Nat. viii.
Musmon or Musimon, Gesner, Quad. i. 823. fig.
Musimon, Raii Quad. 75.

Muflone, Cette H. Sard. Quad. i. 111. t. 2 <J . t. 3 9 .
Mouflon, Buffon, H. N. xi. 352. t. 29 ; Cuvier, R. A. i. 262, ed. 2.

i. 277; F. Cuvier, Mam. Lith. t.; Knight, Mus. A. Nat.

f. 673, 674.

Wildes Scharf, Gesner, Thierb. 155. fig.
Muffione in Sardinia = Murvoni <J, Murva 9, Blyth.
Muffolo in Corsica = Mufro $ , Mufra ? , Blyth.
Hab. Sardinia and Corsica.

Var. ? Horns more like 0. orientalis, Blyth.
Moufflon (from Cyprus), Brandt fy Ratz. Med. Zool.
Ovis Ophion, Blyth, P. Z. Soc. 1840, 73; Ann. $ Mag. N. H.
vii. 250, from Brandt.



174 MAMMALIA.

Ovis Cyprius, Blasius, Bull. Soc. Moscou, 1841, 568, from Brandt.

Tragelaphus, Bellon.

Hab. Cyprus, Mus. Berlin ; Candia, Bellon ; Corsica.

OSTEOLOGY.

Moufflon, Daub. Buff. H. N. xi. t. 30.

B. Argali. Tail very short. Horns long, heavy, with the tips
bent inwards, and with the two edges equally prominent.
Throat and side without any dark streak. The suborbital
pit in the skull is moderately broad and concave. " Tear-
bag and inter digital pores distinct." Hodgson, J. A, Soc.
Calcutta, 1846, 308.

4. CAPROVIS (ARGALI) ARGALI. The ARGALI.

^Egoceros Argali, Pallas, Zool Ross. Asiat. i. 231. t. 20, 21 ;

Tilesius, Nov. Act. Acad. Nat. Cur. xii. 279. t. 23, head; Bo-

janus, Nov. Act. Nat. Cur. xii. 291. t. 24, 25, skull.
Ovis fera Sibirica, Argali dicta, Pallas, Spic. xi. 3. t. 1, 2.
Ovis Argali, Bodd.

Capra Ammon, part., Linn. S. N. i. 97.
Capra Ammon, Fischer, Syn. 487; Cuvier, R. A.
Ovis Ammon, part., Erxleb. Syst. 250; Schreb. Saugth. t. 288.
Acriodorcas pygargus seu Ovicapra rupestris, S. Gmelin, 337.

n. 14, cited by Pallas-, Steller, Besch. Kamtsch. 127.
Rupicapra cornubus arietinis, J. G. Gmelin, Nov. Comm. Petrop.

iv. 388. 53. t. 8 b. f. 2, 3.

Siberian Goat (part.), Penn. Syn. i. 18 (Synonyma).
Wild Sheep (Siberian), Penn. Quad. i. 38; Arctic Zool. i. 12.
Argali, Shaw, Zool. ii. t. 101.
Argali de Siberie, Cuvier, Reg. Anim. i. 267.
Hab. Siberia.

Male and female. Siberia.


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