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Catalogue of the specimens of Mammalia in the collection of the British Museum (Volume 3) online

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Cerf commune d'Algerie, Geoffroy in Jardin des Plantes, Paris,

1851.
Hab. Algeria. Living in Garden of Plants, Paris.

3. CERVUS BARBARUS. The BARBARY DEER.

Dark brown, obscurely white spotted, with a very indistinct,
greyish brown, broad dorsal line; with a pale yellow spot ex-
tended considerably above the base of the tail. Back of haunches
white, with a dark stripe on each side.

Cervus Barbarus, Bennett, Catal. Gardens Zool. Soc.

Bush Goat (Al Wassai), Moors, see Griffith A.K.v. 775; Fra-

zer, Zool. Typica, t. ; Gray, Knowsley Menag.; Proc. Zool.

Soc. 1850.
Hab. Coast of Barbary ; Tunis.

OSTEOLOGY.

Horns (of animal in Zool. Soc. Gardens). Tunis.

Chiefly distinguished from the common Stag, or the Algerian
variety of it, by its smaller size, stouter form, and more perma-
nently spotted fur.

4. CERVUS WALLICHII. The BARA SINGA or MORL.

Brown, with a very large white spot on the rump, extending
on back of the haunches, and far above the base of the tail. The
horns with two basal and one or two apical branches.



198 MAMMALIA.

Cervus Pygargus, Hard. Linn. Trans., not Pallas.

Barah Singha, Waller, Asiat. Res. xvii. 499.

Cervus Wallichii, Cuvier, Oss. Foss. iv. 50 ; F. Cuv. Mam. Li-

thog., from Hardw. Icon, in B. M. ; Sundevall, Pecora, 55 ;

H. Smith, G. A. K. iv. 103. 1. 166, v. 788 (from Indian draw-
ing) ; Ogilby in Royle's Himal. i. 73.
Jaareal Stag, Blyth, Journ. Asiat. Soc. Beng. 1841, 750. t .

f. 1, young horn, f. 8, 9, horns adult.
Pseudocervus Wallichii, Hodgson, J. A. S. B. x. 914, xi. 284 ;

Gray, List Mamm. B. M. 180.
Cervus Wallichii, or the Gyana, Hodgson, Icon. Mamm. ined.

198.
Cervus, n. s., Falconer, Journ. Asiat. Soc. iv. 710; Ogilby in

Royle's Himal. 73.
?Cervus Casperianus, or Hangool, Falconer, MSS. ; Gray, Cat.

Osteol. Sp. B. M. 147.

? Cervus Cashmerensis, Gray, Cat. Osteol. Sp. B. M. 65.
Kashmir Stag?, Blyth, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1848, 72; J. Asiat. Soc.

Bengal, 1841, 750. t. . f. 8, 9.
Persian Deer, Maral, or Gevezu, or Gookoohee, MacNeil, Proc.

Zool. Soc. 1840, 11 ; Blyth, Journ. Asiat. Soc. Beng. 1841, 750.

t. . f. 10.
Hab. Cachir, Hodgson; Persia, MacNeil.

The skull of Dr. Falconer's Cashmeer Stag is 15 inches long;
the suborbital pit is oblong, triangular, and rather deep ; the
skull and horns are very like Mr. Hodgson's specimen of Cervus
affinis, but considerably smaller.

Sir John MacNeil informs us, they are called by the Persians
Maral, or Gevezu, or Gookoohee, and are frequently noticed in their
literature. They are found in all the wooded mountain districts
of Persia, but apparently do not occur in the central parts of
the country, and rarely descend into the plains. During the
summer they are found in the highest wooded parts of the
mountains, and during the winter in the lower ravines near their
bases, where they are frequently tracked in the snow.

The horns of the adult males closely resemble those of the
Red Deer of this country, insomuch that I doubt whether an un-
scientific observer could distinguish them, except by the superior
size of those of the Marti. P. Z. S. 11.

Lesson confounds C. Wallichii and |C. Duvaucellii as the same
species. Nouv. Tab. R. A. 171, 1842.

Flat skin. Nepal. Presented by Gen. Thomas Hardwicke.
Hunter's skin. Nepal. Presented by Gen. Thomas Hardwicke.

" The Nepal Deer, Cervus , Hardw. MSS." Gray, List

Mamm. B. M. 180.



MAMMALIA. 199

OSTEOLOGY.

Cervus Cashmerensis, (Falconer. MSS.) ; Gray, Osteol. Cat. B.

M. 65.
Cervus Casperianus, Falconer, MSS. ; Gray, Osteol. Cat. B. M.

147.

Skull and horns of male. Cashmere. Presented by H. Fal-
coner, M.D.

Skull of female. Cashmere. Presented by H. Falconer, M.D.

ICON.

Jerrael or Tailless Deer of Nepal, Hardw. Icon. ined. B. M.

n. 10,975. t. 128.
The Red Deer of India, Hardw. Icon. ined. B. M. n. 10,975.

t. 143, copied by Colonel Hamilton Smith, and called by him

C. HardwicJcii.

5. CERVUS AFFINIS. The SAUL FOREST STAG.

Pale brown. ? Horns very large, as large and heavy as

those of the Wapiti.

Cervus affinis (Mool Barasingha or Royal Stag of the Morung),

Hodgson, Journ. Asiat. Soc. Beng. 1841, x. 721. t. . f. 1. 914;

Calcutta Journ. Nat. Hist. iv. 291; Icon. ined. Brit. Mus.

n. 197; Proc. Zool. Soc. 1840, 79; Sundevall, Pecora, 131.
Cervus (Wallichii?) affinis, Gray, Cat. Osteol. Sp. B. M. 65.
Shoa or Tibetan Stag (Cervus affinis), Hodgson, Journ. Asiat. Soc.

Beng. 1850, 518. t.
Cervus Tibetanus, Hodgson, Journ. Asiat. Soc. Beng. 1850, 466.

t., horns.
Cervus Elaphus, Hodgson, J. A. S. Beng. iv. 1835, 648. t. 53.

f. 3; x. 914.

Cervus Wallichii, part., Gray, Cat. Hodgson Coll. B. M. 32.
Cervus Wallichii var., Blyth, Journ. Asiat. Soc. Beng. 1841, 747-
Bara Singha, Hindoos ; Hodgson.

Barah Singa or var. of Stag, Hodgson, J. A. S. B. i. 346.
Hob. Tibet in Dingeham ; Hodgson.

ANAT.

Pair of horns, very large size. Nepal. Presented by B. H.
Hodgson, Esq.

ICON.

Drawing of a male. Hodgson, Icon. ined. B. M. 1. 197. Pre-
sented by B. H. Hodgson, Esq.

Drawing of male. Hodgson, Icon. ined. B. M. t. 198. Pre-
sented by B. H. Hodgson, Esq.

Drawing of horns. Hodgson, Icon. ined. B. M. t. 212. f. 11.
Presented by B. H. Hodgson, Esq.



200 MAMMALIA.

The Indian species of Cervus are confined to the vast primitive
forests in the plains. Tail very short; a large disc or pale space
round the tail, and no proper mane. Hodgson.

Mr. Hodgson, in his figure of C. affinis, does not represent
the pale space round the tail, but it is evident by this observa-
tion that it is present. Probably C. Wallichii, C. Casperianus,
C. qffinis and C. Tibet anus, are only one species.

Mr. Hodgson observes, " The horns of C. affinis, which I re-
ceived from the Morung or Eastern Taria, most probably were
brought from Thibet." Journ. Asiat. Soc. Beng. 1850, 466.

The latter observation induces me to place all the above syno-
nyma to one species.

6. CERVUS SIKA. The SIKA.

Dark brown. Cheeks and throat rather paler. Rump brown,
without any pale spot. Tail pale, white beneath. Hair harsh.
Horns rather slender, with a basal and medial snag, and a sub-
apical internal one.

Cervus Sika, Schlegel, Fauna Japon. 1. 17; Sundevall, Pecora, 131 .

C. Sitza, Temm. Mus. Leyden.

Cervus (Hippelaphi, no. 4), Sundevall, Pecora, 55.

Hab. Japan. Mus. Leyden.

OSTEOLOGY. Schlegel, Fauna Japon. 1. 17, skull and horns.

2. DAMA, H. Smith.

Horns round below, expanded above, smooth, and branched
on the hinder edge. Tail rather elongated. Crumen well-deve-
loped. Hoofs narrow, triangular, compressed, covered with thin,
rather adpressed hairs, reversed on the nape. The fur is spotted
in summer. The skull with a short, broad face, an oblong, rather
shallow, infraorbital pit, and short, broad nasals.

Dama, Gray, Med. Repos. 1821, 4; Proc. Zool. Soc. 1850, not

Bennett; J. Brooke, Cat. Mus. 62, 1828.
Cervus, Dama, H. Smith, Griffith A. K. v. 182 ; Lesson, Mamm.

i. 261; N. Tab. R. A. 169; Sundevall, Pecora, 58.
Daims, Blainville, Desm. Mam. ii. 448, 1822.
Platycerinidffi, J. Brookes, Mus. Cat. 61, 1828.
Tarandus, sp., Ruppell, Verz. 183.

1. DAMA VULGARIS. The FALLOW DEER.

Fulvous. White spotted, a longitudinal line on the lower part
of the side, and a line across the haunches, white.
Var. Nearly black to nearly pure white.



MAMMALIA. 201

Platyceros, Pliny.

Cervus platyceros, Raii Quad. 85.

Cervus dama, Linn. S. N. i. 93 ; Sundevall, Pecora, 58 ; Schreb.
Saugth. t. 249 A, B.

Dama vulgaris, Gesner, Quad. 335. f. 1; J. Brookes, Cat. Mus.
62; Gray, List Mamm. B. M. 181; Cat. Osteol. Spec. B. M.
65 ; Knowsley Menag. ; Proc. Zool. Soc. 1850 ; Bonap. Fauna
Ital. t.

Dama platyceros, Bonap. Index Mamm. Europ. 35, 1845.

Tarandus Dama, Rilppell, Verz. Senck. Samml. 183, 1845.

Fallow Deer and Buck, Pennant ; Knight, Mus. A. N. f. 581,
597, 599.

Daim et Daime, Buffon, Hist. Nat. vi.

Daim fauve, F. Cuvier, Hist. N. vi. 167. f. 27, 28.

Dama maculata, J. Brookes, Cat. Mus. 61, 1828.

Cervus coronatus, H. Smith, G. A. K. iv. t. . f. 4, from mon-
strous horns.

Var. Blackish.

Cervus mauricus, Blainv. Bull. Soc. Phil. i. 1816, 72.

C. Dama rnaura, Fischer, Syn. Mam. 448.

Daime noire, F. Cuv. Mam. Lithog. t.

Hob. Persia. Domesticated in Europe.

This species is represented in sculpture from Nineveh. See
Vaux, Nineveh, fig. at p. 233 ; Bonomi, Nineveh, p.

Young.

Head and horns, dark variety.

Cervus mauricus, F. Cuv. Mam. Lithog. t.
Adult male in winter. Italy.
Young female in winter. France.

OSTEOLOGY.

Daim, Daub. Buffon H. N. vi. t. 29-31 ; Cuvier, Oss. Foss. iv. 29.
t. 5. f. 23-31, 32-35 ; Mellin, Berlin Naturf. ii. t. 6, 7.

Horns.

Horns, a distorted variety.

Horns, adult.

Horns, adult, a distorted variety.

Horns, adult.

Horns, adult.



4. The Rusine Deer or Samboo. Horns subcylindrical, with a
distinct, anterior basal branch close on the burr or crown,
without any medial branch, and with a rather elongated pe-
duncle. Muffle large, high, not separated from the upper lip

i 5



202 MAMMALIA.

by a hairy band. External metatarsal gland above the mid-
dle of the bcne. Ears broad, short. Skull with a very deep
suborbital pit. Fur hard) rather shining. No pale mark on
rump. South-eastern Asia and its islands.

Rusine Deer, Gray, Ann. fy Mag. N. H. 1850; Knows. Menag. ;

Proc. Zpol. Soc. 1850.
Catoglochis, part., Bravard.
Cervus /3. Hippelaphi, Sundevall, Pecora, 55.
Prox, Sundevall, Pecora, 57.
Rusadse et Axidse, J. Brookes, Mus. Cat. 62, 1828.

Dr. Sundevall observes, <e The young of the typical Rusce are
not spotted." Pecora, 130. But according to the observations
and figures of Mr. Hodgson and other Indian zoologists, they are
pale spotted, but not so distinctly as several other genera of Deer.
Some few specimens retain the spots through life.

* The upper part of the horns variously branched.
1. PANOLIA, Gray.

Horns round, curved backwards and outwards, with a large
anterior basal snag close on the burr, the upper part bent in,
forked, becoming rather expanded, and branched on the inner or
hinder edge. The fur formed of rather rigid, flattened hair.
Muffle large. Skull with a narrow face, a large, oblong, very
deep suborbital pit, and the nasals short, broad, and dilated be-
hind. The frontal snag of the horns often has a tubercle or
branch at the base.

Panolia, Gray, List Mamm. B. M. xxvii. ; Knowsley Menag. ;
Proc. Zool. Soc. 1850.

1. PANOLIA ELDII. The SUNGNAI.

Nondescript Deer, P. Eld, Calcutta Journ. Nat. Hist. ii. 1842,

415. t. 12.

Panolia acuticornis, Gray, List Mamm. B. M. 180.
Panolia platyceros, Gray, List Mamm. B. M. 181, adult; Cat.

Osteol. B. M. 66.
Cervus (Rusa) frontalis, McClelland, Calcutta Journ. N. H. i.

t. 12. f. 1, ii. 539; Sundevall, Pecora, 132.

Cervus Eldii ?, Calcutta Journ. N. Hist. ii. 417, 1842.

Panolia Eldii (The Sungnai), Gray, Cat. Hodgson Coll. B. M.

34; Osteol. B. M. 66; Knowsley Menag. (P. Eedii, misprint).
Cervus lyratus, Schinz, Syn. Mam. ii. 395.
Cervus Smithii, Gray, /roc. Zool. Soc. 1837, 45?
Hob. India.



MAMMALIA. 203

ANAT.

Horns on frontal bone. India.

Panolia acuticornis, Gray, Cat. Mamm. B. M. 180.

A large pair of horns, cylindrical, and with two small snags
near the tip. India. Presented by B. H. Hodgson, Esq.

Panolia Eedii, Gray, List Mamm. B. M. 181 ; Cat. Osteol. B.
M. 66 (misprint for P. Eldii).

A smaller pair of horns, rather compressed, and with one large
and two short snags near the tip. India. Presented by B. H.
Hodgson, Esq.

Skull and horns, with one large and one small snag near the
tip. India.

Skull and horns, with one large and two small snags near the
tip. India.

Skull and horns, with one small snag near the tip. India.

Horn. India.

Panolia platyceros, Gray, List Mamm. B. M. 181.

Cervus, n. s., Gray, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1837, 45 ; Calcut. Journ.
N. H. 1842, t. 12. f. .

Horns. India. From Mr. Warwick's Collection.

ICON.

?Bara Singha. Hardw. Icon. ined. B. M. n. 10,975. t. 130,
the original, copied and altered by Colonel Hamilton Smith, t.131.
The C. Smithii of Gray, P. Z. Soc. 1837, 48. It may be only a
bad figure of C. Duvaucellii.

2. RUCERVUS, Hodgson.

Horns cylindrical, with an anterior basal branch, and repeat-
edly forked at the tip. Muffle large, high, continued to the edge
of the upper lip below. Tail rather short, thick. Face shortish.
Crumen well-developed. Ears broad, rounded, covered with hair.
Hoofs narrow, compressed. The fur is formed of rather soft,
adpressed hairs, without any pale mark on the rump, and only
slightly spotted. Skull with an elongate face, a large nose-open-
ing, and an oblong, rather shallow, suborbital pit.

Rucervus, Hodgson, Journ. Asiat. Soc. Beng. 1850, 5.
Recervus, Gray, Cat. Osteol. Spec. ; Cat. Hodgson Coll. B. M. ;

Knowsley Menag. ; Proc. Zool. Soc. 1850.
Elaphus, sp., Lesson, Mamm. i. 263.
Cervus, Hippelaphus, sp., Sundevall, Pecora, 55.

1. RUCERVUS DUVAUCELLII. The BAHRAINGA.

Yellowish brown, without any rump spot. Dorsal streak in-
distinct, dark, with a row of white spots on each side ; sides not



204



MAMMALIA.



spotted. Hair black, with yellow tips. Neck with rather longer
hair. Throat, chest and belly with longer, scattered, greyish white
hairs. Muzzle and front of legs dark. Chin white. Winter :
Brown; tips of hair yellowish. Crown yellow. Dorsal line
blackish, narrow. Muzzle black ; chin white.

Cervus Duvaucellii, Cuvier, Oss. Foss. iv. t. 29. f. 6-8 ; Griffith,

A. K. iv. 116, note-, Journ. Asiat. Soc. Beng. 1836, 240. t. 66-

68; Ogilby in Royle's Himal. 72.
Recervus Duvaucellii, Gray, Cat. Hodgson Coll. B. M. 33 ; Cat .

Osteal. B. M. 65.

Rucervus Duvaucelli, Gray, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1850.
Rucervus Elaphoides, Hodgson, Journ. Asiat. Soc. Beng. iv. 1835,

648. t. 53. f. 4; x. 914; Proc. Zool. Soc. 1836, 47; Calcutta

Journ. N. H. iv. 292.

Cervus Bahrainga, Hodgson, P. Z. S. 1834, 99.
Cervus enclodocerus, Hodgson.
Cervus Bahraiya, Hodgson, P. Z. S. 1836, 46.
Axis? Duvaucellii, Gray, List Mamm. B. M. 178.
Cervus Euryceros, Gray, Knowsley Menag. t.
Cervus Elaphoides, Hodgson, Journ. Asiat. S. Beng. 1835, 648.

t. 78.

The Bahraiya, Hodgson, J. A. S. Beng. i. 345.
Cervus Wallichii, part., Lesson, Nov. Tab. R. A. 171, 1842.
Hob. India; Nepal.

An imperfect skin. Nepal. Presented by B. H. Hodgson,
Esq.

Male. India ; Nepal. From Gardens of Zoological Society.

OSTEOLOGY. Cuvier, Oss. Foss. iv. 505. t. 39. f. 6, 7, 8, horns.

Skull and horns of male. Nepal. Presented by B. H. Hodg-
son, Esq.

Skull and horns of male. Nepal.

Skull of a female. Presented by B. H. Hodgson, Esq.

Skull and horns of adult. Presented by B. H. Hodgson, Esq.

Skull and horns of adult. Presented by B. H. Hodgson, Esq.

Separate horns. Presented by B. H. Hodgson, Esq.

Separate horns. Presented by B. H. Hodgson, Esq.

ICON.

Barara Singha. Hardw. Icon. ined. B. M. n. 10,975. t. 132,
134 (see also t. 131).

Spotted Deer of the Sunderbands. Hardw. Icon. ined. B. M.
n. 10,975. t. 133, 135.

Cervus Elaphoides. Hodgson, Icon. ined. B. M. t. 199, male
and female, and one male copied t. 200. Presented by B. H.
Hodgson, Esq.



MAMMALIA.



205



Drawing of horns. Hodgson, Icon. ined. B. M. t. 210. f. 66.
Presented by B. H. Hodgson, Esq.

The Bahraiya inhabits reedy marshes and islands of great
rivers ; never enters the mountains or forests. Tail short, with
no caudal disk, and no heavy mane. Hodgson.

** The upper part of the horns simply forked.

3. RUSA.

Horns placed on a moderately long peduncle, with an anterior
frontal snag close on the crown, and simply forked at the tip.
Fur formed of hard, rigid, very thick hair, not, or only obscurely,
spotted.
Cervus Rusa, H. Smith, Griffith A. K. iv. ; Lesson, Mamm. i.

264; N. Tab. R. A. 171.
Rusa, Hodgson, Journ. Asiat. Soc. Beng. 1850, 6; Gray, Knows.

Menag. ; Proc. Zool. Soc. 1850.
Cervus, sp., Ogilby, P. Z. S. 1836, 135.
Cervus Hippelaphus * *, Sundevall, Pecora, 55.
Axis d'une seule couleur, sp., Blainv. Desm. Mam. ii. 448. 182.
Procervus (Dimorpha), Hodgson, Journ. Asiat. Soc. Beng. 1850, 5.

* Hair of the neck elongated, forming a kind of mane, at least in
the males ; size large.

1. RUSA ARISTOTELIS. The SAMBOO.

Tail not floccose, brown, rather darker at the end. Fur black-
ish brown, with the feet, the regions of the vent, and a spot over
the eyes fulvous. Male maned. Young obscurely white spotted
(Hodgson). Skull : suborbital pit very large, broad, deep, ob-
long, subtrigonal.

Gona Rusa, Daniel, Ceylon, t.

Cervus Aristotelis, .Cuvier, Oss. Foss. iv. 502. t. 39. f. 10 ; F. Cuv.

Mam. Lith. t. ; Sundevall, Pecora, 55.
Cervus Hippelaphus, Ogilby in Royle's Himal. i. 73.
Cervus Hippelaphus, C. Aristotelis et C. heteroceros, Hodgson,

Icon. ined.
Rusa Aristotelis, H. Smith ; Gray, List Mamm. B. M. ; Cat.

Hodgson Coll. B. M. 67; Osteol. Spec. B. M. 67.
Rusa Hippelaphus, Gray, List Mamm. B.M. 179; Cat. Hodgson

Coll. B. M. 33.

Rusa equinus, Gray, List Mamm. B. M. 179.
Cervus unicolor, H. Smith, Griffith A. K. v. 780.
Cerf de Coromandel, Cuvier, Oss. Foss. iv. 41. t. 5. f. 32, horns.



206 MAMMALIA.

Cervus Bengalensis, Schinz, Syn. Mam. ii. 390.

Daim noir de Bengal, Duvaucell, Asiat. Res. xv. 157.

Cerf noir de Bengal, F. Cuvier, Menag. Lith. t.

Cervus equinus (Samboo Deer), Bennett, Tower Menag. 185. fig.

Cerf Mulct ?, Cuvier, Oss. Foss. iv. 43. t. 5. f. 38, horn.

Elk, Indian Sportsmen ; Sykes, Proc. Zool. Soc.

?Rusa Nepalensis, Hodgson, J. A. Soc. Eeng. x. 914; Calcutta

Journ. N. H. iv. 292.

Cervus heterocerus, Hodgson, J. A. S. Eeng. 1841, 722. t.
C. Hippelaphus, Duvaucell, Asiat. Res. xv. 174.
Biche de Malacca, Cuvier, Oss. Foss. iv. 41 ; F. Cuv. Mam. Lith. t.
Cervus Malaccensis, Fischer, Syn.
Cervus Saumer, Ogilby in Royle's Himal. i. 75.

Mr. Hodgson notices the following varieties :
Var. 1 . Brown ; the frontal branch short.
Cervus Hippelaphus, or Phursa Jarai, Hodgs. Icon., not Cuv.
C. Saumur, Ogilby ; Royle, Illustr.
Phursa Jarai, Hodgson, J. A. S. B. i. 1132. 66. t. 5. f. 1-3, 346.

Var. 2. The hinder part of the beam produced, longer than the

upper prong.
Cervus Hippelaphus var., Cuv. Oss. Foss. v. t. 5. f. 34.

Var. 3. Rump rufous ; the frontal branch of horn elongate.
Cervus Aristotelis (or Rato Jarai), Hodgs. P. Z. S. 1834, 98 ;

1836, 39.
The Rato Jarai, Hodgs. J. A. S. B. i. 66. f. 4, 346.

Var. 4. The upper part of the beam simple.

Cervus heterocerus, or Kalo Jarai, Hodgs. J. A. S. B. x. 1841,

727. t. . f. 2, x. 914; Calc. J. N. H. iv. 292; Cat. Osteol.

Spec. B. M. 68.
Kalo Jarai, Hodgs. J. A. S. B. i. 1832, 66. t. 5. f. 5, 346.

India. Presented by B. H. Hodgson, Esq.
A young male, with simple horns. Deccan. Presented by
Colonel Sykes. Sykes, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1831.

There is only one species of Rusa found in the western forests*
which is common also to all the heavy jungles of Southern India.

The horns of different individuals present great diversity of
forms. I have met with instances of medial antlers, of trifurcated
extremities, and in one case with the extremity showing a four-
fold division (see t. 4. f. 1). Elliot, Madras Journ. 1840, 30.

OSTEOLOGY.

Cervus Aristotelis, Cuvier, Oss. Foss. iv. 509. t. 39. f. 10, horns.

Sambur Horns (gigantic), weight 25 Ibs., circumference above

burr 10i inches, in middle of beam 8 inches. Zoophilus, India



MAMMALIA. 207

Sporting Review, Calcutta, 1849, x. 256. t., from Cuttack
coast, or Madras.

ANAT.

Single horn. India. Exeter Change Menagerie. Presented
by Edward Cross, Esq.

Horns on frontal bone. India.

Two single horns, upper branches more equal. India.

Horns on frontal bone, like the last, but thicker, heavier and
more granular.

Horns on frontal bone, like the last, but the left horn has a
large posterior branch at the fork.

Horns on frontal bone, like the last, but rather smaller, hinder
branch of fork longest, the left one with a posterior branch in the
middle. India. Presented by Mrs. Wright.

Horns of frontal bone, like the last, but larger and without
posterior branch.

Horns of frontal bone, one-third smaller.

Single horn, simple, from a castrated animal ?

Skull of young male. Nepal. Presented by B. H. Hodgson,
Esq.

Skull of adult female. Nepal. Presented by B. H. Hodgson,
Esq.

Skull of young female. Nepal. Presented by B. H. Hodgson,



Brocket horns on frontal. Nepal. Presented by B. H. Hodg-
son, Esq.

Three pairs of horns, second year. Nepal. Presented by B.
H. Hodgson, Esq.

Single horn of the first year.

Horns on frontal bone, hinder upper branch turned back.

Horns, very long, thick, with veiy short, thick frontal and
submedial branch on one.

Horns, apex forked. Himalaya. Presented by the Rev. R.
Everest.

Horns on frontal bone, apex simple. India.

A pair of horns. India. Presented by B. H. Hodgson, Esq.

A pair of very large thick horns, with rather long frontal snag,
the left with a large posterior process. India. Presented by B.
H. Hodgson, Esq.

A pair of very large, thick horns, with rather long frontal snag.
India. Presented by B. H. Hodgson, Esq.

Three pairs of large horns, with moderate frontal snag, the
hinder upper snag rather the longest. India. Presented by B.
H. Hodgson, Esq.

A pair of similar, but rather slenderer and more elongate
horns. India. Presented by B. H. Hodgson, Esq.



208 MAMMALIA.

A pair of large horns, with rather elongated front snag, the
front upper snag rather longest, the horns rather close together.
India. Presented by B. H. Hodgson, Esq.

A pair of large horns, with very long frontal snags, the upper
snag rather the longest. India. Presented by B. H. Hodgson,
Esq.

A pair of horns, the right like the former, the left quite sim-
ple, subulate. India. Presented by B. H. Hodgson, Esq.

A pair of horns, one with a moderate, and the other with a
long frontal snag, the upper snag nearly equal. India. Presented
by B. H. Hodgson, Esq.

A pair of rather slender, more elongate horns, with moderate
frontal and short upper snags. India. Presented by B. H.
Hodgson, Esq.

A pair of horns, the beam not branched.

Head of a female. India ; Himalaya.

Head and horns, with skin. India. Presented by Edward
Cross, Esq.

Skeleton. India. From Mr. Bartlet's Collection.

A pair of the horns. India. Presented by B. H. Hodgson,
Esq.

ICON.

Drawing of male. Hodgson, Icon. ined. B. M. t. 206. f. 1.
Presented by B. H. Hodgson, Esq.

Drawing of skull. Hodgson, Icon. ined. B. M. 1. 187- f. 11,12.
Presented by B. H. Hodgson, Esq.

Drawing of male, female and young. Hodgson, Icon. ined. B.
M. t. 207. Presented by B. H. Hodgson, Esq.

Drawing of males. Hodgson, Icon. ined. B. M. t. 208. Pre-
sented by B. H. Hodgson, Esq.

Drawing of female. Hodgson, Icon. ined. B. M. t. 209. Pre-
sented by B. H. Hodgson, Esq.

Gouse or Indian Black Deer. Hardw. Icon. ined. B. M. n.
10,975. 1. 139 ? .

Walawah Tinkee. Hardw. Icon. ined. B. M. n. 10,775. 1. 140
9, t. 141 (? 9 (this figure altered by Colonel Hamilton Smith),
/. c. n. 10,975. 1. 142.

Shabur or Saubur. Hardw. Icon. ined. B. M. n. 10,975.
t. 136 <?, t. 137 9, copied t. 138 ?; n. 10,974. t. 92 9,
t. 93 ? .

The Samburs or Jerrows inhabit the great forests and the
mountains above them ; are not gregarious ; have a long, bluff
tail, like a docked horse, no disk round it ; and a heavy mane
over the whole neck. They rut in spring, then drop their horns.
The female gestates eight months and produces young in winter.



MAMMALIA. 209

The horns take six months for their perfect replacement, and are
not complete in form until the fourth year, nor in size till the
eighth year. Hodgson.

Colonel Sykes believes the Sambur of the Mahrattas to be the
C. equinus of H. Smith; he observes, "it wants the size and is
not so dark as the Sambur of Bengal." P. Z. S. 1831.

2. RUSA DIMORPHE. The SPOTTED RUSA or GERVER.

Red brown. Back with distinct series of small white spots-
Sides indistinctly white spotted. Limbs paler. Neck and belly
blackish. Chin white. The horns (deformed?). Young bright
fawn red, white spotted.
Cervus dimorphe, Hodgson, Journ. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 1844, t. ;

Ann. Sf Mag. Nat. Hist. xiv. 74; Wiegm. Arch. 1845, ii. 40;

Sundevall, Pecora, 132.

Rusa Dimorpha (Hodgson's Rusa), Hodgson in Gray Cat. Hodg-
son Coll. in B. M. 33.

Procervus dimorpha, Hodgson, Journ. Asiat. Soc. Beng. 1850, 5.
Hob. India ; Saul Forest ; Morang.

Stuffed, not good state. India. The specimen described and
figured by Mr. Hodgson.

It is very doubtful if the above specimen is more than an ac-
cidental variety, with distorted horns, of the Sambur.

The Gowers are not gregarious, confined to the Saul Forest.


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