British Museum (Natural History). Dept. of Zoology.

Catalogue of the specimens of Mammalia in the collection of the British Museum (Volume 3) online

. (page 21 of 25)
Online LibraryBritish Museum (Natural History). Dept. of ZoologyCatalogue of the specimens of Mammalia in the collection of the British Museum (Volume 3) → online text (page 21 of 25)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


on the outside of the tarsus large, covering an oblong, bald, cal-
lous spot, about an inch or an inch and a half long, which is hard
and horny in the dry specimen. T. Peale.

Skull rather broad. Forehead concave. Face rounded on the
sides. Intermaxillars broad, not reaching to the nasal. Nasal
dilated and bent down on the side behind, with a deep central
notch. Suborbital pit large, deep, triangular. Suborbital slit
large, triangular, open.

Skull of Male : Larger. Suborbital pit very large, triangular,
deep. Intermaxillar not reaching near the nasal. Length entire
12f inches ; from front of orbit 6^ ; width at lower side of orbit
5| ; upper side of orbit 5f ; of nose just before first grinder 2 T \ ;
of skull 3 f .

Skull of Female : Smaller. Suborbital pit smaller, narrower,
oblong, linear, rather deep. Intermaxillar reaching nearly to the
nasal. Length entire 1 1 inches ; from orbit 6^ inches ; width at
lower side of orbit 4^f ; at upper side 3-}-f ; of nose just in front
of first grinder 2 T \ ; of skull 2|.



234 MAMMALIA.

Length 6' 1J" ; tail 10"; height at shoulders 3' 2"; glandular
sac on tarsus 1 inch long.

Male and female winter dress was sent from Fort Colville,
Columbia River, May 26, 1843, by A. Macdonald, Esq., and pre-
sented by the Hudson's Bay Company, but arrived without hair.

The Black -tail Deer never carries its tail erect when running,
and viewed from behind shows two narrow white lines of hah-,
instead of the large, white, and elevated tail of the Virginian
Deer.

Var. 1. With a basal antler on the inner side of the horn, which

was directed upwards and backwards.
Hob. Oregon; T. Peak, Lc.4l.

Var. 2. No internal basal antler.
Hab. California; T. Peale, I. c. 41.

There is a skull of a young male American Deer which was in
the Zoological Gardens, the skin of which has not been preserved.
It is intermediate in character between the other species ; it has
the rather slender face of the Virginian Deer ; but it has a much
larger, subtrianglar, suborbital pit, of the same form, but only
about two-thirds the size of the pit in the skull of the broad-
faced Long-tailed Deer. It indicates the existence of another
species, that may be characterized by the skull. Nasals : each
bifid in front. Intermaxillar nearly reaching to the nasals. The
length entire 9 T 8 T in. ; of face from orbits 5 T \ in. ; width of lower
edge of orbit 4 T \ in. ; of upper edge of orbit 3 T \ in. ; of face in
front of the first grinder Ijf in. ; .of skull 2\% in.

** Front hoof broad, cordate. Tail not hairy beneath.
7. CARIACUS MACROTIS. The MULE DEER.

Brownish fulvous. Chin without any, or only an indistinct
band. Tail pale ferruginous, with a black tuft at the end, and
without any hair beneath. Ears very large. Hoofs of the fore
feet broad, cordate, nearly as broad as long, flattened and con-
cave beneath. Horns larger and more spreading than in C. Vir-
ginianus.

Far.? Jumping Deer, Umfreville, Hudson 9 s Bay, 164.

Black-tailed or Mule Deer, Gass. Journ. 55 ; Lewis fy Clark, i.
91, 92, 106, 152, 239, 264, 328, ii. 152, iii. 27, 125; James,
Long's Exped. ii. 276 ; Godman, Nat. Hist. ii. 305.

Mule Deer, Warden, United States, i. 245.

Cerf Mulct, Desm. Mamm. 443, notes.

Le Daume fauve a queue noire, Warden,Etats Unis,ed. Gall.640.

Mule Deer, Anglo-Americans of the Rocky Mountains.



MAMMALIA. 235

?Mule or Black-tailed Deer, Le Raye; Lewis fy Clark, Travels;
Wied, Voy. Amer. Merid. iii. 273, & vig. A, B.

Cervus macrotis, Say, Long's Exped. Rocky Mount, ii. 88. 254 ;
H. Smith, Griffith A. K. v. 794 ; Fischer, Syn. 444. 615 ; Sun-
devall, Pecora, 59 ; Richardson, Faun. Bor. Amer. 254. t. 20 ;
Peak, U. St. Expl. Exped. 41. t. 10. ined. fig. at p. 43, fore-
feet; Sabine, Franklin Journ. 667 ; Harlan, Fauna, 243 (Great-
eared Deer); H. Smith in Griffith A. K. iv. 133, v. 794 (Black-
tailed Deer).

C. auritus, Warden, Etats Unis, ed. Gall. v. 640; Desmoul. Diet.
Class. H. N. iii. 379.

Hab. Arkansas ; Rocky Mountains ; on rocky hills covered with
trees.

Rather larger than Cervus Virginianus, and having more the
general aspect of the Wapiti ; destitute of the black submaxil-
lary marks which are always present on C. Lewisii and C. Vir-
ginianus. Horns larger and more spreading. Hoofs rounded,
the under surface concave. Tail pale ferruginous, destitute of
hair beneath, and having a tuft of black hair at the extremity.
In summer pale ferruginous, darkest on back. Chin, throat, and
inside of thighs and belly, white. Hair flattened and undulated.
Total length 67 in. ; tail 7 in. ; height at shoulders 36 in. T.
Peale.

This species is most abundant on the eastern slope of the
Rocky Mountains, and delights in rocky hills covered with cedars
and pine-trees. By the flattened and concave formation of the
hoofs, they are enabled to climb the rocky steeps with much
greater facility than other species of Deer, and for the same rea-
son we infer that they are more at ease in the snowy regions of
the mountains. T. Peale, I. c. 43.

Mules between Cervus Virginianus and C. gymnotis have been
described. Pucheran, Comptes Rendus, Acad. Sci. 1849, 774.

According to M. Pucheran, the chief difference between C.
Virginianus and C. gymnotis is, that the former has the chest
and belly white, and C. gymnotis the belly white and the chest
brown.

Doubtful Species.

1 . The Cariacou Deer, Cervus nemoralis, H. Smith in Griffith
A. K. iv. 137. t. . & v. 798 ; Fischer, Syn. 617, described and
figured from a pair said to come from Virginia, and is also said
to inhabit Honduras (see p. 138). It appears by the figure of
the horns rather to belong to this genus than to Coassus. It
is a species yet to be identified. Professor Sundevall regards it
as a species of Cariacus.



236 MAMMALIA.

2. Cervus spinosus, Gay fy Gervais, Ann. Sci. Nat. 1846, 94,

from horn of M. Poiteau, figured Cuvier, Oss. Foss. iv. t. 5.

f. 22 a.

C. virginianus var., G. Cuvier, Oss. Foss.
Hob. Cayenne; M. Poiteau.

Only described from a single horn from Cayenne.

3. Cervus Savannarum, Cabanis fy Schomburgk, Reisen in Bri-

tisch Guiana, iii. 785.

4. OrenoJca Deer. There is imported into London under the
above name, from Central America, the flat skins of a large spe-
cies of Deer, of a bright dark red brown colour, with the chin
and under part of the body white, and a blackish tail. The hair
of the back is short and rather adpressed. The animal appears
to be about the size of a small Stag, C. Elaphus. These skins
are imported by the North- West American Fur Company to be
tanned into leather.

5. The Yutacan Deer. The North-West American Fur Com-
pany import, under the above name and from Yutacan, the skin
of a smaller Deer, about the size of the Virginian Deer. The fur
of the back is very short, of a red brown colour with blackish
tips. They differ from the skins of the Virginian Deer, im-
ported by the same Company from different parts of America, in
the shortness and greater stiffness of the hair.

6. Cervus affinis, Pucheran, Compt. Rendus, Acad. Sci. 1849,

777, not Hodgson.

Hair very short, close-pressed, grey, minutely white grisled.
Hab. . Mus. Paris.

7. Cervus Guidotii, Gay fy Gervais, Ann. Sci. Nat. 1846, 94.

Horns lyrate, half the size of those of C. axis, and with only
a single basal posterior snag.

Hab. New Grenada; M. Justin Guidot. Horns in Mus. Paris.
These two species are only known from the above descriptions.

B. Horns simple.

Subulidje, J. Brookes, Mus. Cat. 62, 1828.
Les Daguets, Blainv. ; Lesson, Man. Mam.

5. COASSUS.

Horns simple, rudimentary, shelving back. Ears short, broad,
rounded, nakedish. Tail short. The facial line rather convex. The
fur short, of the forehead (in both sexes) elongate, forming a



MAMMALIA. 237

rhombic tuft between the horn and face. Legs without any tuft
on the outer sides of the metatarsus, but with a pencil on the
inside of the hocks. Skull with a very small, shallow, suborbital
pit, and supraorbital foramen in a groove. Confined to South
America.

They all emit a strong odour like porcupines. They cast their
horns like the other Deer.

Coassus, 1. Coassus, Gray, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1850.

Subulo, H. Smith, Griffith A. K. v. . 1827.

Subula, Lesson, Mamm. i. 2/3; Nov. Tab. R. A. 174.

Subulus, J. Brookes, Cat. Mus. 62, 1828.

Coassus, Gray, Med. Repos. 1821; Cat. Mamm. B. M. xxvii.

Daguets, sp., Blainv. Desm. Mam. ii. 449, 1822.

Cervus, sp., Renger, 343.

* Skull face rather elongate. Suborbital pit large.

1. COASSUS NEMORIVAGUS. The GAUZU-VIVA.

Pale brown. The hair dirt-coloured brown, with a yellow
subterminal band which wears off; a paler spot over the eye.
Young : Brown, white spotted, spots of sides unequal. Nape dark.

Skull elongate. Suborbital pit broad, subtrigonal, shallow.
Grinders moderate. Infraorbital ridge very distinct, sharp-edged.
Intermaxillars not reaching to the nasal, but fit into a notch in
the maxilla.
Cervus nemorivagus, F. Cuvier, Diet. Sci. Nat. vii. 485 ; Cuv.

Oss. Foss. iv. 54. t. 5. f. 50 ; Fischer, Syn. 446. 618 ; H. Smith,

G. A. K. iv. 142. t. ; Sundevall, Pecora, 60 ; Licht. Dargst. t.21.
Coassus nemorivagus, Gray, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1850; Mammalia,

t. 1, t. 2. f. 1 ; List Mamm. B. M. 174 ; Cat. Ost. B. M. 64.
Cervus nemorum, Desm. Mamm. 446.
Cervus simplicicornis, Illiger, Pr. Max. Abbild. t. ; H. Smith,

G.A.K. v. 800. t. ; R. Schomburgk, Reisen in Britisch Guiana,

iii. 785 ; Renger, 269.

Cervus mangivorus, SchranJc, Wett. Trans, iv. 326.
Cuguacu-Apara, Mar eg. Bras. vi. 235.
Young ! Moschus delicatulus, Shaw, Mus. Lever, t. 36.
Guazu-viva, Renger, 369.
Hob. Brazils.

a, b. Females. Brazils.

c. Young, with a distinct line of white spots on middle of the
back ; sides spotted. Brazils.

Tragulus Surinamensis, Klein. Moschus Americanus, Erxl.
M. delicatulus, Shaw, Mus. Lever, t. 36; Seba, i. t. 44. f. 2.

d. Male, adult. Brazils.



238 MAMMALIA.

ANAT.

C. nemorivagus, Cuvier, Oss, Foss. iv. 54. t. 5. f. 50.
<?,/. Skull. Brazils.

Var. 1. Dark brown. Streak on each side of the forehead, upper
part of the legs, and spot on the angle of the lower lip, black-
ish ; streak over the eye yellowish. Under lip, a spot on upper
lip near muzzle, under side of tail, and inner side of the upper
part of the thighs, white. Muffle smooth, black, with the
upper edge slightly arched. Ears small, lower half of the inner
side black. Size of a full-grown Roebuck.

Coassus nemorivagus, var. a, Gray, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1850, t. ,
male.

Hab. Brazil; Knowsley Menag.

Var. 2. Female. " Dark grey, tinged with brown, greyer on the
head and neck; the lower part, and the inside of legs, the
belly, and round the eyes, rust- coloured ; the purple brown
patch in the ears smaller and less distinct than in C. rufus. A
small white stripe in front of the eyes, and the under surface
of the tail white. From the eyes to the nose short and thick
compared with the other specimens. A female." Frazer, MSS.

Coassus nemorivagus var., Gray, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1850, t. , &
t. . f. .



** Skull face short, broad. Suborbital pit small.

2. COASSUS RUFUS. The CUGUACU-ETE or PITA.

The fur bright shining red. Crown and neck, sides of face and
chest, paler. Muffle carunculated, rather angularly produced
above.

Skull: infraorbital pit triangular, small, slightly impressed.
Intermaxillary scarcely reaching to the skull, elongate. Nasal
bone only slightly dilated behind. Supraorbital foramen large,
in a deep groove. Grinders moderate. Cutting-teeth very nar-
row, two central much dilated.

Young : Reddish, white spotted, spots of sides unequal. Nape
with a distinct, white-edged, dark central streak.

Var. with white rings above the hoofs.

Cervus rufus, F. Cuvier, Diet. Sci. Nat. vii. 485 ; Cuvier, Oss.

Foss. iv. 53. t. 3. f. 41, 42, t. 5. f. 44 ; H. Smith, G. A. K. iv.

140. t.; Fischer, Syn. 446, 618; Licht. Darst. t. 20; Sunde-

vall, Pecora, 60 ; R. Schomburgk, Reisen in Britisch Guiana,

784; Pr. Max. Abbild. t.; Renger, 356.
Coassus rufus, Gray, List Mamm. B. M. 174; Cat. Osteol. Sp.



MAMMALIA. 239

64; Knowsley Menag.; Proc. Zool. Soc. 1850; Mammalia,

t. 2, t. . f. 2.
Cervus simplicicornis (Apara /3.), H. Smith) Griffith A. K. iv.

141. t.

Cervus dolichurus, Wagner, Supp. iv. 389.
Subulus americanus, J. Brookes, Cat. Mus. 62, 1828.
Cariacou de la Guyane, Buff. ix. 90.
Biche rouge, Buff on, Supp. iii. 126.
Gouazou-pita, Azara.
Guazu-pyta, Renger, 356.
Hob. South America.

Young, in spirits? S. America.
Male and female. S. America.

ANAT. t. 35. f. 4.

Cervus rufus, Cuvier, Oss. Foss. iv. t. 3. f. 41, 42, horns ; t. 5.

f. 44, skull.

Skeleton, male. From Mr. Brandt's Collection.

Skull. Para, South America. Presented by R. Graham, Esq.

Skull of young. S. America.

3. COASSUS SUPERCILIARIS. The EYE-BROWED BROCKET.

Bright shining red, with neck and head grey, forehead darker.
Hocks and front of fore legs grey. Stripe in front of the eye,
and under surface of the tail, white. Muffle slightly arched above.
Ears moderate.

Coassus superciliaris, Gray, Gleanings Knowsley Menag. t. 48*;

Proc. Zool. Soc. 1850; Mammalia, t. , t. . 45.
Hob. Brazils.

This species chiefly differs from the former in the form of the
muffle, and in the presence of the white streak over the eyes.
There is a male at Knowsley, t. , t. ; and a pair in the Gar-
dens of the Zoological Society, t. . f. 5.

4. COASSUS AURITUS. The LARGE-EARED BROCKET.

Bright pale red brown. Head and neck grey. Orbits pale
brownish. Spot on side of upper lip, chin, belly, hinder side of
fore, and front side of hinder thighs, and under side of tail, white.
Crown dark grey brown. Ears very large, broad, acute, more
than half the length of the head, with two lines of hairs within.

Coassus auritus, Gray, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1850; Mammalia, t

t. . f. 6.
Hob. Brazils?; Knowsley and Gard. Zool. Soc.



240 MAMMALIA.

There is a female of this species in the Gardens of the So-
ciety ; it greatly resembles the Indian Muntjac in the distribu-
tion of its colour.

In the British Museum there are two skulls which belong to
the species of this division. They have the face shorter and
thicker than the skull of C. nemorivagus, and the nasals are wider
behind; the suborbital pit small or less compressed, and the
grinders larger. The first belongs to a young specimen in the
Museum Collection apparently of C. rufus-, it has a small, slightly
impressed pit just in front of the edge of the orbit. The second
belongs to a more adult female, without any skin, sent from Para
by Mr. Reginald Graham ; it is considerably larger than the pre-
ceding, and there is scarcely any visible impression in front of
the orbit, only a slight concavity of the general surface.

Cervus nanus, Lund; Lesson, N. Tab. R. A. 173, 1842 (not

described?).
Hob. Brazils. May be one of the preceding.

6. PUDU.

Horns simple, rudimentary, shelving backwards. Ears rounded,
thickly covered with short hair. Head short ; facial line convex.
The crown with a tuft of long hair. Crumen distinct. Fur short.
Legs with a tuft of hair on the inside of the hocks, without any
tuft on the outer side of the tarsus. Tail short. Skull short,
high. Infraorbital impression oblong, very deep. Nasal bones
much dilated behind on side of nose. Intermaxillary short, not
reaching near to the nasal. Cutting-teeth rather narrow, two
central rather dilated. Grinders very large. Supraorbital fora-
men small, scarcely forming a groove. Confined to the west
coast of America.

Coassus, 2. Pudu, Gray, Proc. Zool Soc. 1850.
Cervus, sp., Bennett.
C. Capreolus, sp., Lesson.
Capra, sp., Molina.
Antilope, sp., Blainville.
Antilocapra, sp., Lesson.

1. PUDU HUMILIS. The VENADA.

Brown black and pale grisled. Neck blackish brown, punctu-
lated with white. Lips, orbit, ears, legs, and under part of body,
bright pale bay. Throat and inner side of thighs paler. Hair of
back with a broad, blackish, subterminal band and pale brown



MAMMALIA. 241

tips. Tail very short. Ears moderate, covered with short, close-
set hair. Face dark. Crown dark red brown.

Cervus humilis, Benn. Proc. Zool. Soc. 1831,, 27, fern.; Sunde-

vall, Pecora, 60 ; R. Schomburgk, Reisen in Britisch Guiana,

iii. 786.

Cervus (Capreolus?) humilis, Lesson, N. Tab. R. A. 172, 1842.
C. rufus, Wagner, Supp. iv.
Capra Pudu, Molina.
Chevreuil (de Chili), Poppig, Froriep's Notiz. 1829 ; Fe'russac,

Bull. Univ. xix. .95, 1829.

Cervus Pudu, Gay fy Gervais, Ann. Sci. Nat. 1846, 90.
Antilope (Rupicapra) Pudu, Blainv. Bull. Soc. Phil. 1816, 76;

Gervais, Diet. Sci. Nat. Supp. i. 264.
Antilocapra Pudu, Lesson, Nov. Tab. R. A. 182.
Antilope Dicranocerus Temamazama, H. Smith, Linn. Trans.

xiii. 36; Griffith, A. K. ii. 866; Fischer, Syn. 482, 647.
Mazame, Hernand. Mex. ix. 14, 324 ; Seba, Thes. i. 69. t. 42. f. 3.
Cervus Macatlchicheltic, Seba, Thes. i. 69. t. 42. f. 4.
Hab. Chili, Conception and Chiloe ; King.

A male. Chili. From the Zoological Society. (The specimen
described by Mr. Bennett.)

ANAT. Gay fy Gervais, Ann. Sci. Nat. 1846, 90.

Skull. Chili. (The specimen described by Mr. Bennett.)

Tribe 4. MOSCHINA.

Cutting-teeth none above. Horns none. The hinder edge of
the metatarsus more or less naked. False hoofs distinct.

Moschus, Linn. Syst. Nat. ; Cuvier, Regn. Anim. ; F. Cuv. Diet.

Sci. Nat. lix. 513, 1829.
Camelinia, part., Rafin. Anal. Nat. 55, 1815.
Moschida3 seu Ecornis, J. Brookes, Mus. Cat. 60, 1828.
Moschidse (part.), Ogilby, P. Z. S. 1836, 135.
Inermia, part., Latr. Fam. Nat. R. A. 62, 1825.
Moschina, Gray, Ann. Phil. 1825; Cat. Mamm. B. M. xxvii,

172, 1843; Selys Long champs, 1842.

Ruminantia c. acerata, part., Bronn, Index Palaont. ii. 710.
Les Chevrotains, F. Cuv. Diet. Sci. Nat. lix. 513, 1829; Dent.

Mam. 230. t. 93*.
Moschisideae, Lesson, Nov. Tab. R. A. 175.

The only character by which the Musks, as established by
Linnaeus and others, differ from the genus Cervus, consists in
the absence of horns, for the elongated canines are common to
it and most of the Indian species of Cervus, especially the Cer-
vus Muntjac.



l2 MAMMALIA.

SYNOPSIS OF THE GENERA.

I. Fur erect, elastic, thick. Throat and hinder edge of tarsus

hairy. Males with an odoriferous gland. Young spotted.

1. MOSCHUS. Canines of males very long.

II. Fur close-pressed. Throat and hinder edge of tarsus bald.

Males without any odoriferous gland. Young coloured
like the adult. Throat white streaked.

"2. MEMIXNA. Throat hairy. Hinder edge of metatarsus covered
with hair, naked on the outer side near the heel. Body
spotted. Intermaxilla elongate.

3. HYEMOSCHUS. Chin and lips nakedish. Hinder edge of me-

tatarsus hairy, naked on the outer side near the heel. In-
termaxilla very short.

4. TRAGULUS. Throat and chin nakedish. Hinder edge of the

metatarsus naked, callous. Fur soft. Intermaxilla elongate.

I. Fur elastic, thick, brittle. Throat and hinder edge of the tar-
sus covered with hair. Males with an odoriferous gland.

1. MOSCHUS.

Muffle naked. Crumen none. Throat covered with hair. Fur
very elastic, formed of erect, spreading, closely-packed, elastic,
brittle, tubular, waved hair. Hinder edge of the tarsus covered
with hair. Hoofs small, compressed, narrow, triangular, acute ;
false hoofs elongated, well-developed. Tail very short, rudiment-
ary. Males with a large pouch, secreting musk, in the middle
of the abdomen, and with a celluliferous and netted gland on the
outer side of the thighs, secreting a serous fluid (see Brandt,
Act. Acad. Petersb. 1836; Ann. Anat. fy Phys. 1837, 283).
Young spotted, which are often obliterated in the adult.

Moschus, Gray, P. Z. Soc. 1846 ; Knowsley Menag. ; List Mamm,

B.M.
Moschus, sp., Linn. S. N. ed. 6. 13. 1748, ed. 10. 66. 1/58, ed. 12,

91. 1766; Erxleb. S. A. 319, 1777; Storr, 1780.
M. Mosehiferus, Illiger, 1811; Lesson, Nov. Tab. R. A. 175.
Tragulus, sp., Brisson, Reg. Anim. i. 67, 1762.

The Musk are confined to the snowy regions, amid the
glassy precipices of which they leap with a power and security
far more than Caprine, though, owing to the unequal length of
their legs, they can descend slopes only with difficulty, and fall-
ing are caught ; they cannot climb at all as Goats do, and are
solitary. They rut in winter, and produce young in May or June,



MAMMALIA. 243

Restating 160 days. In six weeks the young can shift for them-
selves, and the mother drives them off. They can procreate ere
they are a year old, and live ten or fifteen years. One is usually
produced at a birth, in cavities of the rocks. Gall-bladder con-
stant.

The tail-gland of the Musk is very large, and covers the whole
tail nearly, and has a linear, longitudinal pore on each side, and
an abundant secretion.

The preputial gland of the Musk is analogous to that of the
Civets and the Screw-tail (Paradoxurus)-, it is placed on the
prepuce, the penis opening in the midst of it : this organ is
clearly subservient to sexual purposes, and so probably are seve-
ral others, though the eye-pits have been variously referred to
the facilitation of breathing and of smelling. The supposed end
of the interdigital glands and pores, or feet-pits, viz. the lubrica-
tion of the feet and preservation of the hoofs in hot sandy de-
serts, is clearly erroneous, since the Thar has these organs of
enormous size in all the four extremities, though it be the tenant
of moist, cool mountain forests. It is probable that the secre-
tion from the foot-pores enables these animals to find one an-
other in those wildernesses of vast forest-trees and dense under-
growth which constitute their range. Hodgson.

The Musk is said to derive its peculiar odoriferous secretion
from feeding on the Kastooree plant, a kind of ground-nut which
is strongly impregnated with the same pungent scent, and which
the animal digs up with its long tusk. Ogilby in Royle, Himal.
i. Ixxi.

1. MOSCHUS SIBIRICUS. The KUBARGA.

Ash brown, beneath paler. Throat black or ashy, with a de-
finite white streak on each side.

Animal Moschiferum Kubarga dicta, /. G. Gmelin, Nov. Com.
Petrop. iv. 393.

Moschus Sibiricus, Pallas, Spic. Zool. xiii. 29. t. 4, 5, 6; Grc-y,
Cat. Mamm. B. M. 172; List Osteol. Spec. 63; KnowsUy
Menag.

Moschus moschiferus, Schreb. Saugth. 944. t. 242, 242 a; Shaw,
Lever. Mus. i. t. 3?; Wrangle's Siberia, 374.

Moschus moschiferus var. Altaici, Sundevall.

Moschus Altaicus, Eschsch. Jobst. Isis, 1830, 606 ; Per. Bull.
Sci. xxii. 46.

Hab. Siberia ; Altai Mountains ; Lake Baikal ; Gmelin. Bor-
ders of Arctic Ocean ; Wrangle. Mongolia, Eschsch.

Male and female. Siberia. From the Museum of the Royal
Academy of Petersburg.



244 MAMMALIA.

OSTEOLOGY.

Skull of male. Siberia. From the Museum of the Royal
Academy of St. Petersburgh.

Skull of female. Siberia. From the Museum of the Royal
Academy of St. Petersburgh.

The Musk Deer are found nearly to the arctic circle ; they are
abundant near Verkhoiansk in North Siberia (Lat. 67 7 f , E.
Long. 134), and called Kabarga. A pound of musk is com-
monly sold from 10 to 15 roubles. Wrangle's Siberia and Po-
lar Sea, by Sabine, 374, 1844.

2. MOSCHUS MOSCH1FKRUS. The MUSK.

Dark brown, chest ami belly rather paler. Throat and chest
with indistinct, pale cross bands.

Moschus moschiferus, Linn. S. IV. i. 91; Gray, List Mamm. B.

M. 172; List Osteol. Sp. B. M. 62, 63; List Hodgson Col-
lection, 30.

Animal moschiferum, Raii Quad. 124; Caleot. Mus. 661. t. 666.
Capreolus Moschus, Gesner, Quad. 695 ; Jonston, Quad. 55. t. 39.
Capra moschus, Aldrov. Bisulc. 743.
Muskus, &c., Ysbr. Reis. 45. fig.
Musk, Buffon, Hist. Nat. xii. 361, Supp. vi. 221. t. 29.
Moschus, Schr&k. Monag. t. 44.
Canrea moschifera, Seger. Misc. Acad. Nat. Cur. i. 169. Obs.

128. t. 11.

Tragulns moschiferus, Klein.

Tibet Musk, Penn. Syn. 56. t. 10. f. 1; Quad. i. 112. 1. 12. f. 1.
Moschus saturatus, Hodgson, J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, viii. 203, x.

795. t. , xi. 285.

Moschus Kacharensis, Hodgson, Cat. MSS. v. t. 3.
Moschus Moschus var., Ogilby in Royle, Himal. i. LXXI.
Musk?, Falconer, Journ. Asiat. Soc. iv. 710.
Hob. Thibet; Nepal.

Male (in bad state). India. Presented by Gen. Hardwicke.

A flat hunter's skin. India. Presented by Gen. Hardwicke.

Male (in bad state). India.

Female. Nepal. Presented by the Hon. East India Company.

Nepal. Presented by B. H. Hodgson, Esq.

Two specimens from Nepal. Presented by B. H. Hodgson,
Esq.

A male, brownish and dark. Nepal. Presented by B. H.
Hodgson, Esq.

A male, with a dark streak on the nape, and a large dark spot
between the shoulders. Nepal. Presented by B. H. Hodgson,
Esq.



MAMMALIA. 245


1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 21 23 24 25

Online LibraryBritish Museum (Natural History). Dept. of ZoologyCatalogue of the specimens of Mammalia in the collection of the British Museum (Volume 3) → online text (page 21 of 25)