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Catalogue of the specimens of Mammalia in the collection of the British Museum (Volume 3) online

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domesticos usus domatorum, seque ac Hemioni hactenus indo-
miti." Zool. Ross. A. i. 255. This is equally applicable to the
African species.

1. ASINUS VULGARIS. The DOMESTIC Ass.

Grey, with a longitudinal dorsal streak and a dark streak across
the shoulders ; ears elongate ; facial line arched. Skull with
suborbital foramen as in E. Hemionus.

Equus asinus, Linn. ; Renger, Nat. Parag. 341 ; Pallas, Zool.

R. A. i. 263.
Asinus vulgaris, Gray, Zool. Journ. i. 244 ; J. Brookes, Mus.

Cat. 19; Gray, Knowsley Menag. 1\.



MAMMALIA. 269

Equus asina, Fleming, Phil. Zool. ii.

Asinus, Plin. Hist. Nat. viii. 44.

Ass, Penn. ; Bewick.

Asne, Buffon.

Ane, Cuvier.

Asinus onager, " Gray," Bonap. Index Mam. Eur. 34, 1845.

Asinus domesticus, Domestic Ass, H. Smith, Equidce, 314.

Var. Without any cross.

Var. Legs and body more or less banded.

Domestic varieties.
Gudha of the Mahrattas, very little larger than a good mastiff or

Newfoundland dog, Sykes, P. Z. S. 1831.
Domestic Ass of Ispahan, H. Smith, Equidce, 314.
Domestic Ass of Beloochistan, H. Smith, Equidce, 314.
Domestic Ass of Thibet, with a cross band, Stachey.
The Pico of ancient Egypt, H. Smith, Equidce, 314.
Tasandunt of the Shelluhs, H. Smith, Equidce, 314.
The Djaar of Arabia, H. Smith, Equidce, 311.
The Lalisiones or Wild Ass Colts, H. Smith, Equidce, 311.
Lalisio, Martial, xiii. 97.
Wild Ass, Lenant, Voy. on the Bahar el Ahad; Hoskins, Travels

in Ethiopia.
Egyptian Ass, H. Smith, Equidce, 312.

OSTEOLOGY.

Asne, Daubenton, Buffon H. N. iv. t. 12, 13.

Skeleton, mounted.

The common Domestic Ass is sometimes of the usual grey
colour, without any appearance of the cross. They are some-
times black, and at others white, rarely skewbald; but this
is the common albinism and melanism of domestic animals, and
when of these colours the cross is not apparent, or at least some-
times only to be seen when the animal is observed obliquely.

ft Ears moderately short, rounded. The Wild Asses.
2. ASINUS ONAGER. The KOULAN or WILD Ass.

Pale reddish (in winter greyish) ; dorsal streak black, rather
wider over the small of the back; skull with the infraorbital
foramen high up, about one-third the space between the face-line
and the back edge of the teeth ; far back being directly over the
front end of the cheek ridge and the back edge of the third
grinder.

Asinus sylvestris, Plin. Hist. Nat. viii. 44.



270 MAMMALIA.

Onager, Plin. Hist. Nat. viii. 44 ; Raii Quad. 6 ; Act. Acad.

Soc. Imp. Petrop. 1777, 258. t. 11 ; Neue Nord Beytr. ii. 22.

t. 2, iv. 80.

E. Asinus onager, Schreb. Saugth. t. 312.
Equus onager, Brisson, Reg. Anim. ; Pallas.
Wild Ass, Bell, Travels, i. 212 ; Heber's Travels.
Koulan or Wild Ass, Penn. Quad.
Equus Hemionus (Wild Ass of Kutch and the Indus), Sykes,

Proc. Zool. Soc. 1837, 91, not Pallas-, I. Geoff. Nouv. Ann.

Mus. N. H. iv. 97. t. ? , 3 years old.
Asinus Hemionus, Gray,, Osteol. Spec. B. M. ; H. Smith, Equidce,

316. t. 20 ; Gray, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1849, 29 ; Knowsley Menag.

71.

Equus Khur (Ane Khur), Lesson, Manual Mamm. 347, 1827.
Wild Ass or Gour, Ker Porter, Travels Georgia, Persia, i. 460.
Wild Ass or Khur of the Persians, Isis, 1823, 764.
Onager, Xenophon ; Barboza, Collect. Ramusio. i. 300, b. (Mala-
bar and Golconda).
Hemioneor Dziggtai, Lesson, Comp. Buffon,x. 379, from Geof-

froy; F. Cuvier, Mamm. 1823; not Pallas.
The Hymar or Hamar of Mesopotamia, H. Smith, Equida, 313.
Asinus Hamar (the Hamar), H. Smith, Equidce, t. 19.
Chamor of the Hebrews.
Hab. The Plains of Mesopotamia, Persia, Kutch ; shores of the

Indus, Punjab.

a. Young (eight months old, died in September). Mesopotamia.

Presented by J. H. Layard, Esq., M.P.

b. Adult. India, Kutch. Presented by the Earl of Derby.

OSTEOLOGY.

Skull and bones of body. India, Kutch. Presented by the Earl
of Derby.

They are abundant in Mesopotamia, and are evidently the Wild
Ass of Xenophon. The adults are very difficult to approach within
rifle range. The ) r oung are sometimes caught alive. Layard.

The Khur inhabits the deserts of Persia in troops, frequenting
the hills in summer and the plains in winter.

Pallas, in a paper entitled " Observations sur 1'Asne dans son
etat sauvage, ou sur le veritable Onagre des anciens" (Act. Acad.
Sci. Imp. Petrop. 1777, 258. t. 11), figured a Wild Ass which
was sent by sea from Derbent to Astracan. The figure greatly
resembles the mule between the Hemione and the Ass now in
the Zoological Gardens, but the ears appear a trifle longer. It
is coloured in the same manner as the Hemione, that is to say,
the more prominent parts of the body are dark, and the middle



MAMMALIA. 271

of the back, the front of the haunches and thigh and the under
part of the body are paler. The figure represents but a very in-
distinct cross band on the shoulder.

On this Pallas observes, " L'etalon differait encore de la fe -
melle en ce qu'il avait tout le corps plus robuste, 1'encolure plus
grosse, la poitrail et la croupe plus large, et surtout par un barre
ou raye transversale (tab. xi.), qui croisait sur les epaules avec
celle qui s'etend de long de 1'epine dans 1'un et Pautre sexe.
C'est cette croix que la plupart des anes domestiques males ont
conserves, et qui embellit surtout ceux qui ont la couleur du
poil claire. Cette barre transversale bien plus etroite que 1'autre
manque entierement aux Onagres femelles : quelques Tartares
m'ont au contraire assurees qu'elle se voyait assez souvent double
dans les males/' (I. c. 269.)

This paper is translated into German, and a copy of the plates
with a second figure of the back of the animal is given in Pallas,
N. Nord. Eeytr. ii. 22, t. 2 ; but in this figure the cross band
on the shoulders is not marked. From this description it
would appear that the animal which is called the Wild Ass is not
always marked with the cross band on the shoulder which is so
permanent in the domestic kind, and has hitherto been consi-
dered as its specific character.

The chief difference between Pallas's figure of the Wild Ass
and the Hemione is the greater length and more acute form of
the ears ; of the latter the mule varies in this character.

" No attempt has been made to break the Wild Ass (of Rajpoot-
ana) in for riding, nor did it appear that the natives ever thought
of such." Bishop Heber.H. Smith, Equidce, 311.

" The Wild Ass of Cutch has the cross stripe on the shoulder,
and differs in colours and heavier proportion from the Wild Ass
of Kerr Porter." Bishop Heber.H. Smith, Equidce, 311.

Col. Ham. Smith confounds the domesticated Crudha with the
Wild Ass of the Deccan described by Colonel Sykes, and states
on the Colonel's authority that " it is not larger than a mastiff."
Equidce , 307 .

Eversmann states that many specimens of the Kulan or Equus
Onager, Pallas, have been brought to Orenburg from the high
steppes between the Caspian and the Aral seas. A good speci-
men and a skull are in the Museum of the University of Kassan.

All these specimens are without the cross band, and have only
the longitudinal dorsal streak. Eversmann considers that the
cross band is either not the character of the species, or perhaps
a sexual mark, as he observes that he is not able to discover the
specific character which separates the E. Hemionus from the E.
Onager. He further observes that the Mongolians have no par-
ticular name for the E. Onager of Pallas ; the Tartars no name



272 MAMMALIA.

for E. Hemionus : the Mongolians called the E. Hemionus
Dshiggetei, or more properly TscUkitei, meaning long ears, and
the Tartars call the E. Onager, Kulan.

Eversmann remarks that Pallas (IV. Nord. Beytr. ii. 34) states
that the male M. Hablizl brought from Persia had no cross, but
that the female which was shot on the Murecy had one. He pro-
ceeds to calculate the length of the ears of these animals, com-
pared with the other measurements of them, and he finds that
the ears of the male appear to be considerably (near 2 inches)
shorter in proportion than the ears of the female. Bull. Soc. Imp.
Nat. Mosc. 1840, 57.

The Mule with Asinus domesticus has the short smooth fur
exactly like the sire, but with a short narrow cross band on the
shoulder ; the ears rather longer and black tipped.

3. ASINUS HEMIONUS. The KIANG.

Fur short, smooth, bright red bay; legs straw colour (in winter
long, rather woolly, greyish, legs whitish), with a broad longitudinal
dorsal streak, broadest over the small of the back, without any
cross band on shoulders. Skull : the infraorbital foramen
low down, in the centre of the space between the face-line and
the base of the teeth, and placed in a line over the back edge of
the second grinder, some distance in front of the end of the
cheek-ridge.

Mulus dauricus fcecundus, Messerschm. MSS.

Equus Hemionus, Pallas, Nov. Comm. Petrop. xix. 394. t. 7,
cop. Neue Nord. Beytr. ii. 31. 1. 1 ; Reise, iii. 217, cop. Schre-
ber t Saugth. t. 311 ; Eichw. Faun. Casp. Caur.

Equus Hemionus (Kiang), Ogilby, in Royle Himal. i. Ixxi. ;
Walker, Journ. Asiat. Soc. 1848, t. 1.

Equus Hemionos, Bodd.

Asinus Hemionus, Gray, Zool. Journ. i. 244 ; not Knowsley
Menag.

Equus onager, Eversmann, Bull. Soc. Imp. Nat. Mosc. 1840, 56.

? Asinus onager (Onager Koulan or Wild Ass of Tartary), H.
Smith, EquidcB, 307. t. 18?

Asinus Equioides, Hodgson, Journ. Asiat. Soc. Beng. xi. 287 ;
Blyth, Journ. Asiat. Soc. Beng. xi. 287.

Wild Ass, Moorcroft, Travels.

Equus Kiang, Moorcroft, Residence at LadacJc, i. 311. 443 ; Les-
son, Manuel-, Gray, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1849, 29; Knowsley
Menag. 72; Hodgson, Journ. Asiat. Soc. Calc. 1842, 286.

Equus varius, part., Ham. Smith, Equida, 289.

Asinus polyodon, Hodgson, Calcutta Journ. N. H. IS4J, 469.
t. 6, animal and skull.



MAMMALIA. 273

Jikta, Shaw, Zool. ii. 427.

Dshikketee, Penn.

Dgiggetai, Cuvier, R. A. i. 244.

Dzigethai, Buffon, Supp. vi. 37.

Wild Mule, Half Ass, or Fecund Mule, Penn. Quad. i.

Wild Ass, English in Thibet.

Hemionos, Plin. Hist. Nat. viii. c. 44.

L'Hemione, Ency. Method, t. 42. f. 4.

The Ghoor or Khur, " Moorcroft," H. Smith, Equida, 310.

Wild Esel, Eversmann, Bull. Mosc. 1840 ; Wagner, Wiegmann

Arch. viii. 1842, 49.
The Kiang, H. Smith, Equida, 289.
Wild Horse, Gerrard, Asiat. Research, xvii. 247-
Hab. Thibet.

Male between winter and summer fur. Thibet. Presented
by Lord Gifford.

Male. Thibet. Presented by the Hon. East India Company.

Var. 1 . with a distinct cross band on the shoulder like the Do-
mestic Ass. Thibet. Capt. Strachey.

Var. 2. with the vertebral dorsal streak very obscure or entirely
wanting. Thibet. Capt. Strachey.

OSTEOLOGY, t. 37. f. 2.

Skull. Thibet. Presented by B. H. Hodgson, Esq.

Two skulls, lower jaw wanting. Presented by B. H. Hodgson,
Esq. The specimens referred to by Mr. Gray in the P. Z. S.
1839.

* Skull. Thibet, N. of Ladack. Presented by the Earl of

Gifford.

The forehead of all the three specimens of the skull of E. He-
mionus from Thibet is rather convex between the eyes, and the
centre of the face is narrow and keeled on the sides ; while in
the skull of E. Onager from Kutch the forehead is flat between
the eyes, and the centre line of the face is rather broader and
rounded gradually off on the sides, and the incisive bone is longer
and more gradually arched, making the incisor more perpendicu-
lar in the latter than in any of the former.

But the most distinctive character between the four skulls is
in the position of the infraorbital foramen. In E. Onager it is
high up, about one-third the space between the face-line and the
back edge of the teeth ; it is far back, being directly over the
front edge of the cheek-ridge and the back end of the third
grinder ; while in all the three specimens of the skulls of E.
Kiang this foramen is lower down, being nearly in the centre of
the space between the face-line and the base of the teeth, and it



274 MAMMALIA.

is placed in a line over the back edge of the second grinder, some
distance in front of the end of the cheek-ridge. The under sur-
face of the body of the posterior sphenoid is narrow and convex
in E. Hemionus and broad and flat in E. Kiang. The vomer is
much more compressed in the latter than in E. Hemionus. I am
not certain that the distinctions here described may be sufficient
to show that these two animals are separate species, but they in-
dicate the necessity of the subject being more fully examined.

In the position of the suborbital foramen the E. Hemionus
more nearly resembles the E. Asinus, and the E. Onager that of
E. Zebra and E. Bur chellii. Gray, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1849, 29.

Two of the skulls of the Equus Kiang show the small rudi-
mentary grinder in front of the other, but this tooth is to be more
or less distinctly observed in the skulls of the other Equida in
the Museum Collection. I may observe, that in the skull of
Equus Burchellii in the British Museum Collection, this tooth is
placed on the inner side of the first true grinder.

The suborbital foramen in the skulls in the India House
from Thibet rather varies in position, but in all it is placed over
the middle or third tooth. In the old male it appears to be
rather higher than in the nearly adult female and in the young
skull, where the hinder grinder is just springing out.

This animal must not be confounded with the domestic asses
which are used for burden in Thibet. Capt. Strachey.

The male Kiangs are larger and deeper coloured. They live
in troops of from eight to ten under the care of a solitary male,
where the thermometer is below zero. They live partly on the
plains and partly on the mountains, and the lower surface of the
hoof varies considerably in form and concavity, perhaps from that
circumstance.

The Ghoor Khur of Ludakh, according to Moorcroft, is white
about the nose and under the neck, the belly and legs ; the back
is light bay and the mane dun. They herd in droves, fly at a
trot, stop, and look back. H. Smith, Equidce, 310.

Moorcroft saw the Kiangs on the highest summits of Thibet,
in their shining summer coats and with their antelope form,
scouring along in numbers. H. Smith, Equidce, 286.

Dr. Walker observes The Kiang neighs like a horse. The
Wild Ass of Cutch brays like an ass. The Kiang has no zebra
stripes, neither in the adult nor in the foal. The Wild Ass of
Cutch : transverse zebra stripes are seen on the shoulder in the
adult, and still more in the foal. Sometimes also the shoulder
cross has been seen. The habitat of the Kiang is on the high
table-land of Thibet; of the Wild Ass of Cutch in the sultry
plains near the mouth of the Indus.

The Kiang of Chinese Tartary greatly exceeds that of the



MAMMALIA. 2/5

Donkey of Cutch in size ; the stallions often stand 14 hands
high. Major Charlton and Major Biddulph state that they neigh
like a horse. When taken young they will become so tame as to be
led about like ahorse, and will follow horses almost anywhere.
They live in a climate where the temperature is below the freezing
point in the middle of the summer ; yet they throw off their pale
woolly coat during that season and become bright bay. Major
Charlton.

The Donkey of Cutch is often domesticated in India. Ibid.

?? 4. ASINUS EQUULEUS. The YO-TO-TZE.

Yellowish red clay colour. Tip of ears, mane, long hairs of
tail, well-defined line down the back to middle of tail, and cross
band on shoulder, three or four cross streaks on knees and hocks,
black.

Asinus Equuleus (the Yo-to-tze), H. Smith, Equida, 304.
Asinus Hippargus (the Yo-to-tze), H. Smith, Equida, t. 17-

The specimen described by Col. H. Smith was alive in a livery
stable near Park Lane, London ; it was said to have been
brought from the Chinese frontier N.E. of Calcutta. It was
most probably a Kiang, or perhaps a mule between it and the
Domestic Ass.

** Body with a black dorsal streak and many more or less distinct
transverse or curved streaks. Ears rather short and broad-
tipped. The Zebras of South Africa.

Hippotigris, H. Smith.

Hippotigrine group or Zebras, H. Smith, Equidce, 320.

t Hoofs slightly concave beneath ; legs white, not or only slightly
cross streaked.

Living on the open plains.

5. ASINUS QUAGGA. The QUAGGA.

Brown. Head, neck and withers or front of body black-
ish streaked ; lower part of body, legs and tail white. Hoofs
flattish beneath.
Asinus Quagga, Gray, Zool. Journ. i. 246 ; List Mam. B. M. 183 ;

J. Brookes, Mus. Cat. 20, 1828.
Equus Quoagga, Lesson, Man. Mamm. 347.
Equus Quagga, Gmelin, S. N. i. 213; Schreb. Saugth. t. 317 ;

F. Cuv. Diet. Sc. Nat. vii. 473. t. ; Harris, W. An. Afr. t. 2.
Female Zebra, Edw. Glean, i. t. 223.
Le Couagga, Buff on, H. N. Supp. iii. t. 4 ; Cuvier, Menag. Mus.

t. ; F. Cuvier, Man. Lithog. t.
Kwagga or Couagga, Buff. Supp. vi. 85 ; Knight, Mus. Anim,

Nat. f. 480.



2/6 MAMMALIA.

Opeagha or Quagga, Masson, Phil. Trans. Ixvi. 297.
Hippotigris quacha (the Quagga of the Cape Colonists), H. Smith,

Equida, 330. t. 24.
Quagga, Shaw, Zool. ii. 240.
Quacha, Penn. Quad. i. 14.
Hob. Cape of Good Hope, on open plains.

? Young, stripes very indistinct. South Africa. Presented by
W. Burchell, Esq., LL.D.

E. Isabellinus, Temm. MSS. ; H. Smith, Equida.
Hippotigris isabellinus (the Isabella Quagga), H. Smith, Equi-

dce, 332. t. 25.
Ane isabelle, LeVaillant.

Lesson places the Quagga with the true Horses, because the
hair extends nearer to the base of the tail, overlooking the warts
and other natural characters. Nov. Tab. R. A. 166, 1842.

The Quagga is found in herds near the Cape Colony.

LeVaillant, as Col. Smith observes, only saw, and did not
possess, the Ane Isabelle. The specimen in the British Museum
described and figured by Col. H. Smith was certainly only a
young Quagga in a very imperfect condition, having lost nearly
the whole of its fur before it was stuffed. It was presented by
Dr. Burchell as the skin of a Quagga.

6. ASINUS BURCHELLII. The PEETSI or PEECHI.

Pale brown, under side of body whitish ; head, body and upper
part of leg black streaked; tail, inside and lower part of leg
white. Hoof rather broad, only slightly concave beneath. Skull :
suborbital foramen as in E. Hemionus.

Equus Zebra, Burchell, Travels, i. 139, vig. at p. 252.

Asinus Burchellii, Gray, Zool. Journ. ii. 247. t. 9. f. 1. animal,

f. 2. hoof, 1824 ; List Mam. B. M. 183.
Equus Zebroides, Lesson, Man. Mamm. 346; Nov. Tab. R. A.

166, 1842.
Equus Burchellii, Bennett, List Animals Zool. Gard. 1830, 40.

n. 62 ; Fischer, Syn. Mam. 432.
Equus Zebra, male, F. Cuvier, Menag. Mus. t.
Equus montanus (the Dauw), F. Cuvier, Mam. Lithog. t. ,

female and foal (not Burchell) ; Lesson, Mammiferes, i. 248.
Hippotigris Burchellii (the Dauw), H. Smith, Equidce, 329. t. 23.

? &jun.
Burchell's Zebra, Harris, W. A. Africa, t. 5 ; Knight, Mus. Anim.

Nat. f. 481.

Striped or Bonte Quagga of the Cape Colonists, Harris, I. c. 1 .
Peet-sey of the Matabuli and Bechianas.
Dauw, F. Cuvier, Mam. Lithog. t.
Hab. South Africa, plains.



MAMMALIA. 277

a. South Africa. Presented by W. Burehell, Esq., LL.D.

b. Young. South Africa. From the South African Museum,

OSTEOLOGY.

* Skull, female. South Africa.

Found in herds in every district north of the Orange river. It
admits of being tamed to a certain extent with considerable fa-
cility, and occasionally a half-domesticated specimen is exposed
for sale in Cape Town with a rider on its back : even in the most
tractable state to which it has yet been reduced, it is regarded as
wicked, treacherous, obstinate, and fickle. H. Smith.

M. F. Cuvier has applied the Hottentot name for the true
Zebra to this species, and used for it the name E. montanus,
that Burchell gave to that animal, though it only inhabits the
plains.

ft Hoofs narrow., deeply concave beneath ; legs cross-banded.
Living on the mountains.

7. ASINUS ZEBRA. The ZEBRA.

White ; head, body and legs to the hoofs black-banded ; nose
reddish ; belly and inside of thighs not banded ; tail end black-
ish. Hoofs narrow, deeply concave beneath. Skull : suborbital
foramen as in E. Hemionus.

Zebra Indica, Aldrov. Solid. 416. fig.; Raii Syn. 64.
Equus Indicus, Jonston, Quad. t. 5.
Equus Brasiliensis, Jacob. Mus. Reg. 3. t. 2. f. 1.
Hippotigris, Dio Cass. Hist. 1. 77-

Equus Zebra, Linn. S. N. i. 101 ; Schreb. Saugth. t. 316.
Asinus Zebra, Gray, Zool. Journ. ii. 248. t. 9. f. 3, hoofs ; Cat.

Mamm. B. M. 183 ; Osteol. Spec. B. M. 70 ; J. Brookes, Mus.

Cat. 20, 1828.

Zebre, Buffon, H. N. xii. t. 12.
Zebra, Ray, Quad. 69 ; Penn. Quad. ; Knight, Mus. Anim. Nat.

f. 479, 508.
Sebra, Stubb.

Hippotigris campestris, H. Smith, MSS. I c. 329.
Equus montanus, Burchell, Travels, i. 139. 265, ii. 2?0 ; Harris,

W. A. Africa, t. 24. f. 1.
Male Zebra, Edwards, Glean, i. t. 222.
Wild Paard or Wild Horse of the Dutch Colonists, Burchell,

Trav. ; Harris, 1. c. 1 '.
Wilder Esel, Kolbe.

Daow (or True Zebra) of the Cape Colonists, Harris, I. c. 7.
Zeura or Zuora, Lobo, Abyss, i. 291 ?
Wild Ass, Kolbe, Cape, ii. 112.
Far.? Hippotigris zebra (the Zebra), H. Smith, Equida,324.

t. 21.



278 MAMMALIA.

Hippotigris antiquorum (the Congo Dauw or Zebra of Pigafetta),

H. Smith, Equidce, 327.
Hippotigris autiquorum (Angola Dauw), H. Smith, Equidce,

t. 21.
Hob. South Africa, mountains.

a. Adult. South Africa. Presented by W. Burchell, Esq.,
LL.D.

b. Young. South Africa. Presented by G. B. Sowerby, Esq.

OSTEOLOGY.

* Skeleton. South Africa.

Skull. South Africa.

Skull of male. Mule between Zebra and Ass.

*Skull. Presented by the Earl of Derby.

Skull. Hybrid between Asinus Zebra and Asinus vulgar is.
Presented by the Zoological Society of London.

Mules or Hybrids of the different species of Horses.

1. The Common Mule, the hybrid between the Ass and the

Mare.

Mules, Raii Quad. 64.
Equus Asinus Mulus, Gmelin.
Equus Mulus, Schreb. t. 214.
Mule, Pennant.

Grand Mulet, Buff on, H. N. iv. t. 12.
Maulthier, Bechstein.

Mule, Bewick, Hist. Quad. 16. fig. ; H. Smith, Equities, 334.
Common Mule, H. Smith, Equidce, 344.
Grey Mule of Egypt and Barbary, H. Smith, Equidce, 345.
Black Mule of South of France and Spain, H. Smith, Equidce,

345.
The Dun-coloured Mules of Volterra (Italy), H. Smith, Equidce,

346.

2. The Hinny, the hybrid between the Horse and the she-j4ss.

Hinnus, Arist. H. A. i. c. 7 '.

Equus Asinus hinnus, Gmelin.

Equus hinnus, Schreb. t. 215.

Petit Mulet, Buffon, H. N. iv. t. 13.

Maulesel, Bechstein.

The Hinny, H. Smith, Equidce, 346. t. 30.

3. Mule of a male Hemione and a female Zebra, Knowsley Menag.
t. 57- f. 1. The shoulders and legs are banded.

a. Adult. Bred at Knowsley. Presented by the Earl of Derby.



MAMMALIA. 2?9

Mule of a male Maltese Ass and a Zebra, Knowsley Menag.
t. 57. f. 2.

The body and legs are striped ; the stripes on the head and
body are narrow, except the shoulder-cross, which is very distinct
and forked; the rump is covered with small spots.

Ribbon-legged Ass (Asinus vulgaris, var. fasciata), Gray, Zool.
Journ. i. 245.
a. Adult. Bred at Windsor Park.

4. Mule between a male Ass and Zebra.

Grey indistinct cross, and a few narrow dark stripes on the
shoulders and fore legs ; tail elongate, end tufted, upper part
slightly banded ; ears moderate.

Metis femelle d'Ane et de Zebra, F. Cuvier, Mamm. Lith. t. 9 .

This is very different from the Mule with the Maltese Ass. It
has scarcely any stripes.

5. Mule between a male ? Burchell's Zebra and a common Ass,
Knowsley Menag. t. 58. f. 1.

Grey, with very indistinct bands on the front of the back ; a
more distinct, short, narrow cross-band, divided into three below,
and with some black cross-bands on the outside of the legs.

a. Adult. Used to draw in a tandem. Bred in the Zoological
Gardens.

6. Mule between a male domestic Ass and an Hemione, Knowsley
Menag. t. 58. f. 2.

It is very like the mother, but has a distinct black cross-band
and some indistinct cross-bands on the outside of the hocks and
knees.

This animal is now living in the Gardens of the Zoological
Society. It changes its colour and becomes greyer in winter,
like its female parent. I have seen another example of this
Mule, exactly like the one here described.

7. Mule between an Hemione and a Burchell's Zebra, Knowsley
Menag. t. 59. f. 1.

Reddish grey; head, neck and front part of the body with
very narrow, rather darker streaks.

8. The Hybrid Ass and Zebra, H. Smith, Equida, 343. t. 28;
Mus. Paris, from F. Cuvier.

Quagga Mule, H. Smith, Equidce, 343. t. 29.



280 MAMMALIA.

Zebra Donkey or Mule Zebras, bred between the two species
of Zebra and the Donkey, Bennett, List Anim. Zool. Gard.
1830, 13. n. 63 & 43.


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Online LibraryBritish Museum (Natural History). Dept. of ZoologyCatalogue of the specimens of Mammalia in the collection of the British Museum (Volume 3) → online text (page 24 of 25)