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Catalogue of the specimens of Mammalia in the collection of the British Museum (Volume 3) online

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Antilope (Gazellse), sp., Licht. Berl. Mag. vi. 172, 1814; Sun-

devall, Pecora, 86.

Cerophorus (Antilope vera), sp., Blainv. Bull. Soc. Phil. 1816, 75.
Antilope (vera), H. Smith, G. A. K.v. 1827; Gervais, Supp. N.

D. Sci. Nat. i. 260.
Gazella, sp., Turner, P. Z. S. 1849.
Colus, " Wagner."

Mr. Turner observes, "This genus (Gazella) seems prone to
exhibit in certain species inhabiting more temperate regions, en-
largements of, or appendages to, the respiratory passages ; for
example, the enlarged larynx of G. gutturosa, the elevated nose
of G. Coins, and the appendages to its sides in the Chiru (G.
Kemas) ; these seem to be physiological adaptations, in no case
marking a group, and therefore insufficient to warrant generic
distinction, which has been made in the two latter instances.
However, not having as yet seen entire skulls of these species, I
retain them provisionally in this genus, judging by the horns. I
think few naturalists will set forth, with Mr. Gray, the colour of
the horns of the Saiga as a generic character." If Mr. Turner
had consulted Pallas' s description and figure of the skull of the
Saiga, or Hodgson's figure of the skull of the Chiru, I think he
would have been satisfied they were good genera.

1. SAIGA TARTARICA. The COLUS and SAIGA.

Pale yellowish; crown and back greyish washed. Young:
crown greyer.

Antilope Saiga, Pallas, Misc. 6; Spic. xii. 14. 21. 1. 1, t. 3. f. 6,
9, 10, 11 ; Zool. Ross. Asiat. i. 252; Gmelin, S. N. i. 185.

A. (Gazella) Saiga, Licht. Berl. Mag. vi. 172 ; Schreb. Saugth.
1216. t. 276; Desm. Mam. 452; E. M. t. 52. f. 1 ; Fischer,
Syn. 458.

c2



52 MAMMALIA.

A. (vera) Saiga, Blainv. B. S. Phil 1816, 75.

Antilope Scythica, Pallas, Spic. i. 9; Penn. Quad. 86.

Capra Tatarica, Linn. S. N. i. 97, from Aldrov.

Capra Sayga, Forster, Phil. Trans. Ivii. 344; G. G. Gmelin,

Nov. Comm. Petrop. xiv. 512.
A. (Antilopa) Coins, H. Smith, G. A. K. v. 829.
Saiga Tartarica, Gray, List Mam. B. M. 160; Cat. Osteol. Spec.

B. M. 55 ; Knowsley Menag. ii. 3 ; Proc. Zool. Soc. 1850, 1 12.
Saiga Coins, Gray, Ann. $ Mag. N. H. 1847, xviii. 231.
Colus Tartarica, Wagner.
Gazella Colus, Turner, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1849.
Colus, Strabo, Geog. vii.

Colus Strabonis, Gesner, Quad. 893 ; Jonst. Quad. t. 27-
Suhac, Aldrov. Bisulc. 763; Rzacz. Polon. 224.
Ibex imberbis, J. G. Gmelin, Nov. Comm. Petrop. v. 345 ; Summ.

vii. 39. 1. 19.
Saiga, J. G. Gmelin, Sibir. i. 212; Buffon, H. N. xii. 198. t. 22.

f. 2, horns; Shaw, Zool. ii. 339.
Saigaki, S. G. Gmelin, Reis. ii. 174. t. 12.
Scythian Antelope, Penn. Syn. 35 ; Quad. i. 98.
Margatsch, Russians.
Hob. Siberia.

Adult male. Siberia. Mr. Brandt's Collection.
Young . Siberia. Mr. Brandt's Collection.

ANAT., t. 6. f. 1, 2. Pallas, Spicil. Zool. xii. 41. t. 3. f. 9 & 10 y
skull, f. 6, 11, stomach; Daub, in Buffon H. N. xii. t. 22. f. 2.

Horns, separate. Russia.
Two horns, separate.

t

ft Nose appendaged. Nose-hole of skull rather large.

2. PANTHOLOPS.

Horns elongate, lyrate. Nose (of the males ?) with a dilated
pouch on each side. Crumen distinct. Hair close, erect, spread-
ing. Skull : nose-hole large. Females hornless, t. 6. f. 3, 4.

Kemas, Gray, Ann. 8f Mag. N. H. 1847, 231 ; Knowsley Menag.

3; Proc. Zool. Soc. 1850; not Ogilby.

Pantholops, Hodgson, Journ. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, xi. 282; Wagner.
Antilope (Gazellse), sp., Sundevall, Pecora, 86.
Oryx, sp., H. Smith, G. A. K.; Fischer, Syn. 624; Lesson,

Comp. Buffon, x. 283.

Cervicapra a. Pantholops, Gervais, Supp. D. S. N. i. 264.
Gazella, sp., Turner, P. Z. S. 1849.



MAMMALIA. 53

1. PANTHOLOPS HODGSONII. The CHIRU.

Pale brown ; chest and inside of the limbs white ; front of face
and front of fore-legs blackish.

Antilope Hodgsoni, Abel, Edin. Journ. Sci. 1827, 163; Ferussac,
Bull. xv. 141 ; Fischer, Syn. 462; Hodgson, P. Z. Soc. 1831,
i. 52; 1832, ii. 15; 1833, 110; 1834,80; 1835,3; 1836, 39.

Antilope Chiru, Lesson, Man. Mamm. 371 ; Comp. Buffon, x.
285.

Antilope (Oryx) Kemas, H. Smith, Griff, A. K. iv. 197. t., v.
819.

A. Komas, Lesson, Comp. Buffon, x. 285.

Chirsu, Ann. Philos. 40. n. 59.

Kemas Hodgsonii, Gray, Ann. fy Mag. N. H. 1847, xviii. 231 ;
List Mam. B. M. 157 ; Cat. Osteol. Sp. B. M. 55 ; Cat. Hodg-
son Coll. B. M. 26; Knowsley Menag. 3; Proc. Zool. Soc
1850, 112.

Pantholops Hodgsonii, Hodgson, J. A. S. Beng. xi. 282; Calcutta
Journ. N. H. iv. 290.

Gazella Kemas, Turner, P. Z. S. 1849.

The Chiru, Hodgson, J. A. S. Beng. 1832, i. 59. t. 340; 1834, iii.
134, x. 913.

Hab. Thibet.

Male. Thibet. Presented by B. H. Hodgson, Esq.

OSTEOLOGY, t. 6. f. 3, 4. Hodgson, J. Asiat. Soc. Beng.

Horns, separate. Himalaya. Presented by Major Honeywood.

Skull of male, with horns. Presented by B. H. Hodgson, Esq.

A single slender horn. Presented by B. H. Hodgson, Esq.

Skull of male, with horns. Nepal. Presented by B. H. Hodg-
son, Esq.

DRAWINGS.

Drawing of male and female, t. 146. Lithograph proof by Mr.
F. Howard, t. 147.

Drawing of male and female, t. 148.

Drawing of male without inguinal gland, t. 149.

Drawing of horns, 1. 150.

Drawing of skull and details of head, 1. 151.

Drawing of skull of male, t. 186. f. 7, 8.

The Chiru inhabits the open plains of Thibet. They are gre-
garious, rutting in winter, gestating six months, having one at a
birth in summer. They are very pugnacious and jealous, and in
their contests often break off one of their long horns, hence the
rumour of Unicorns in Thibet. Hodgson, 1. c. 12; Journ. Asiat.
Soc. nos. 2 & 27.



54 MAMMALIA.

ttt Nose tapering. Nose-hole of skull moderate.

3. PROCAPRA.

Horns lyrate, strong, black. Tail tapering. Nose simple, ovine.
Muffle none. Crumen none. Feet with small feet-pits. Post-
corneal sinus large. Inguinal pores none. Hair elongated, espe-
cially above the head and neck ; knees not tufted. Females horn-
less. Teats 2. Skull with rather large nose-hole ; no suborbital
pits, but very large slits. Intermaxillary rather short, not reach-
ing to the small nasal bone, t. 7. f. 2.

Procapra, Hodgson, Journ. Asiat. Soc. n. 173; on Var. Gen.
Ruminants, 13, 1847.

Inhab. ravines in open plains of Thibet, in small herds or fami-
lies.

1. PROCAPRA GUTTUROSA. The DSEREN.
Pale yellowish ; hair long, soft.

Antilope gutturosa, Pallas, Spic. vii. 14, 49. t. 2, t. 3. f. 14-17 ;

Licht. Berl. Mag. vi. 171 ; Desm. Mam. 452 (E. M. t. 52. f. 4) ;

Fischer, Syn. 458. 627 ; H. Smith, G. A. K. v. 830.
A. (Gazella) gutturosa, Gmelin, S. N. i. 186 ; Schreb. Saugth.

1221. t. 275.
A. (vera) gutturosa, Blainv. B. S. Phil. 1816, 7; Gervais, I. c.

260.
Gazella gutturosa, Gray, Ann. fy Mag. N. H. xviii. 231 ; List

Osteol. Spec. B. M. 56 ; Knowsley Menag. 3.
Procapra gutturosa, Gray, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1850, 115.
Antilope orientalis, Erxl. Syst. 288.
Antilope, Bellon. i. 311.

Capra gutturosa a, Messerschm. Mus. Petrop. i. 356.
Capra campestris gutturosa, J. G. Gmelin, Nov. Comm. Petrop.

v. 347. t. 9, 10.

Capra flava, Du Halde Gesch. v. China, ii. 280.
Tzeeran Dscheren, Buff. H. N. Supp. vi. 170.
Chinese Antelope, Penn. Syn. 35; Quad. i. 96; Shaw, Zool. ii.

342.
Hob. Mongolia. Siberia. Thibet.

Male and female, stuffed. Thibet.

ANAT. Pallas, Spic. Zool. xii. 52. t. 3. f. 13, horns; f. 14, sto-
mach; f. 15, ; f. 16, 17, larynx.

Skull, female. Siberia. From Mr. Brandt's Collection.



MAMMALIA. OO

2. PROCAPRA PICTICAUDA. The RAGOA or GOA.

Hair sordid brown, with rufous tips. Underside, inside of the
ears and limbs, and anal disk white. Tail black.

Procapra picticauda, Hodgson, Journ. Asiat. Soc. Calc. 1846,
(n. 173) 384 ; Icon. ined. Brit. Mus. ; Gray, Knowsley Menac/. ;
Proc. Zool. Soc. 1850, 116,

Hab. Thibet. B. H. Hodgson.

Perhaps the same as the former in summer coat.

OSTEOLOGY, t. 7. f- 2.

Three skulls, male. Thibet. Presented by B. H. Hodgson, Esq.

4. GAZELLA.

Horns lyrate, strong, black. Face tapering. Nose simple.
Crumen distinct. Fur short, close-pressed. Females with smaller
horns. Teats 4. Skull with a suborbital fissure, and a moderate,
or very slight fossa, suddenly pressed in before the orbit ; the
masseteric ridge rising before the orbit ; the auditory bulla large
and prominent ; the basioccipital bone having its tubercles but
little or not developed ; the median incisors expanded at their
summits; the molars without supplemental lobes, t. 6. f. 5.

Gazella, sect. 2, Gray, Ann. # Mag. N. H. 1847, 231 ; Knows-
ley Menag. 3.

Gazella, Gray, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1850.

Gazella, sp., Blainv. Bull. Soc. Phil. 1816, 75 ; Ogilby, P. Z. S.
1836, 137; Gervais, Supp. D. S. N. i. 260; H. Smith, Griffith
A. K. v. 182; Fischer, Syn. 624.

Antilope Gazella, sp., Licht. Berl. Mag. vi. 171.



Antilope vera, sp., Blainv. Bull. Soc. Phil. 1816, 75 ; Gervais,

Supp. D. S. N. i. 260.
Cervicapra, a. Dama, Gervais, Supp. Diet. Sci. Nat. i. 261, 1840.



* Knee with tufts. Back and rump brown. Vent white.

t Lower part of the sides with a dark oblique streak. Feet with
a tuft of black hair.

1. GAZELLA DORCAS. The GAZELLE.

Fur rather elongate and harsh, grey brown. Outside of fore-
legs broad, oblique streak along the side. Edge of anal disk,
front of face, and face-streak dark brown. Face-streak, throat,
chest, belly, insides of thighs, and anal disk, white. Tuft at



56 MAMMALIA.

underside of feet and end of tail black. Knee-tufts blackish.
Young : back and side-streak rather paler.

Antilope Dorcas, Pallas, Spic. i. 11, xii. 15.

A. (vera) Dorcas, Licht. Berl. Mag. vi. 168; Berlin AJcad. 1824,

231. t. 5; Saugth. t. 5; Schreb. Saugth. 1193. t. 269; Gmelin,

S. N. i. 187 (E. M. t. 53. f. 2).
A. Gazella Dorcas, Blainv. B. S. Phil. 1816, 75; H. Smith, G.

A. K. v. 825 ; Fischer, Syn. 459. 628 ; Desm. Mam. 453.
Antilope Gazella, Pallas, Misc. 7-

Capra Dorcas, Linn. S. N. i. 96.

Gazella Dorcas, Ogilby, P. Z. S. 1836, 137; Gray, List Mam.

B. M. 160 ; Cat. Osteol. Spec. 56 ; Knowsley Menag. ii. 4. t. ;
Proc. Zool. Soc. 1850, 112; Turner, P. Z. S. 1849.

Algazel ex Africa, Hernand. Mex. 893. fig.

Gazella Africana, &c., Rail Syn. 80 ; Brisson, R. A. 69.

FEM.

Antilope Corinna, Pallas, Misc. 7 ; Spic. Zool. i. 12, xii. 16 ;

Gmelin, S. N. i. 188; Schreb. t. 271.
A. Gazella Corinna, Blainv. B. S. Phil. 1816, 75; H. Smith, G.

A. K. v. 333.

Antilope Dorcas ? , Fischer, Syn. 259. 628.
Corinne, Buff. H. N. xii. 261. t. 27, t. 31. f. 3, 4, horns (not F.

Cuvier) ; Cuvier, Menag. Mus. t.
Corine, Adanson.
Spotted Antelope, Penn. Syn. 37.
Corine Antelope, Penn. Quad. i. 101 ; Shaw, Zool. ii. 193. 1. 194.

JUN.

Antilope Kevella, Pallas, Misc. i. 7; Spic. i. 12, xii. 15; Gmelin,

S. N. i. 187.
A. Gazella Kevella, Blainv. B. S. P. 1816, 75 ; H. Smith, G. A.

K. v. 322.

A. Dorcas jun., Fischer, Syn. 260. f. 28.
Kevel, Buffon, H. N. xii. 204. 258. t. 26, t. 31. f. 2; not F.

Cuvier.
Flat-horned Antelope, Penn. Syn. 34 ; Quad. i. 92 ; Shaw, ZooL

ii. 351. 1. 194.

Var. 1.

Antilope Arabica, Hempr. fy Ehrenb. Symb. Phys. t. 5 ; Licht.

Saugth. t. 6 ; Fischer, Syn. 460.
Antilope Dorcas var., Ruppell.
Antilope Gazella Cora, H. Smith, G. A. K. v. 338.
A. Dorcas var. Cora, Fischer, Syst. 628.
A. Dorcas var., Ruppell.



MAMMALIA. 57

Female. Shores of the Red Sea. Presented by Edward Cross,
Esq.

Male. Shores of the Red Sea ?

Male. Shores of the Red Sea ?

Male, rather small. Shores of the Red Sea ? Presented by
the Earl of Derby.

Male, adult. Egypt. Presented by Sir John G. Wilkinson.

Male, young, horns short. Egypt.

Female. Egypt. Presented by James Burton, jun., Esq.

Three young kids. Egypt.

Male, adult. Presented by the Earl of Derby.

Male. Presented by the Earl of Derby.

Female, young. Presented by W. Tyler, Esq.

Var. 2. Nose with a dark spot or streak.

Var. 3. Larger. Legs thicker.

G. Dorcas Cuvieri, Gray, Knowsley Menag. t. 3. f. 2.

Antilope Cuvieri, Ogilby ; Frazer, Zool. Typica, t.

Kevel Gris, F. Cuv. Mam. Lithog. t. 3.

Hab. Mogadore.

Var. 4. Horns elongate.

Antilope leptoceros, F. Cuvier, Mam. Lith. t. 8 ? .

Hab. Senaar.

OSTEOLOGY, t. 6. f. 5.

Gazelle, Daub. Buff. H. N. xii. t. 25. t. 31. f. 1?
Kevel, Daub. Buff. H. N. xii. t. 3L f. 2?
Corinne, Daub. Buff. H. N. xii. t. 30. t. 31. f. 4?

Skull of female. North Africa. Presented by Sir John Gard-
ner Wilkinson.

Four pair. Horns of males. N. Africa.
Two. Single horn of males. N. Africa.
Three pair. Horns of females. N. Africa-
Bones of the body.
Skull.

Skull. India. From Capt. Boys' Collection.
Skeleton. India. From the Zoological Society.

ft Upper part of the sides with a pale streak,

3. GAZELLA ISABELLA. The ISABELLA GAZELLE.

Fur short, very soft, pale yellowish brown, with a broad, rather
paler oblique streak on the upper part of the side. Knee-tuft,
front of face, and lower face-streak, darker yellow-brown ; upper
face-streak, chest, hinder edge of tarsus, underside of feet, inside



58 MAMMALIA.

of limbs, belly and vent, white. Tail black. Female : horns very
slender, longer than the head. Young paler, the lower part of
the sides rather darker.

Gazella Isabella, Gray, Ann. fy Mag. N. H. 1846; Ann. $ Mag.

N. H. xviii. 331; Knowsley Menag. ii. 4; Proc. Zool. Soc.

1850.

A. Isidis (Die Isis Antelope), Licht. Darstel.
A. Dorcas, Licht. Darstel. t. 5.
A. Dorcas var. a, Sundevall, Pecora, 83.
Hob. N. Africa. Egypt. Kordofan.

Male. Abyssinia.

Female? Kordofan. From Mr. Parrey's Collection.
Two females : " Antilope montana," Parrey's MSS. ; " Anti-
lope megalotis," Parrey's MSS. Kordofan.

OSTEOLOGY.
A skull. Abyssinia.

This species is easily known from the foregoing by the soft-
ness and fineness of the fur, and the lower side- streak being of
the same colour as the back, and from it and the following by
having no dark edge to the anal disk.

4. GAZELLA SUBGUTTUROSA. The JAIROU.

Pale brown; upper part of sides with a broad, rather paler
streak. Crown and knee-tuft greyer. Face-streak indistinct.
Nose, lower part of sides, belly, hinder side of fore, and front
side of hinder limbs, and anal disk, white. Streak on haunches
dark brown. End of tail black.

Antilope subgutturosa, Gulderst. Act. Acad. Petrop. 1778, i-

251. t. 9-12; Gmelin, S. N. i. 186; Schreb. Saugth. 1196.

t. 270 B.
A. Gazella subgutturosa, Licht. Berl. Mag. vi. 271, 1814 ; Blainv.

B. S. Phil. 1816, 75; Desm. Mam. 454; H. Smith, G. A. K.

iv. 210. t. skull, v. 824 ; Fischer, Syn. 460. 629.
Gazella subgutturosa, Gray, List Mam. B. M. 160; Ann. 8f Mag.

N. H. xviii. 1847, 331 ; Knowsley Menag. 4;P.Z. Soc. 1850,*

113.

A. Dorcas var. Persica, Ruppell.
Capra Ahu, Kampf. Exol. 403. fig. 40?.
Dsheren, J. G. Gmelin, Sibir. ii. 103.

Guldensted's Antelope, Penn. Quad. i. 97 ; Shaw, Zool. ii. 343.
Hob. Siberia ? Tartary. Armenia and North Persia.

A female. Siberia. From Mr. Brandt's Collection.



MAMMALIA. 5.9

*** ] neS w ith tufts (rump-mark and throat-spot white). Side-
streak none. Tail slender, compressed, only hairy above.

Dama, Bennett, Trans. Zool. Soc. i.
Cervicapra (Dama), Gervais, I. c. 1840.

5. GAZELLA SCEMMERINGII. The ABYSSINIAN MOHR.

Pale brown. Nose, forehead, lower edge of face-streak, and
end of tail, blackish. Chest, belly, angular mark on rump
above tail, face-streak, and spot on throat, white. Limbs pale.
Female : forehead paler in centre.

Antilope Scemmeringii, Cretzschm. in Rupp. Zool. 49. t. 19.

A. Gazella Soemmeringii, Fischer, Syn. 462.

Gazella (Dama) Sremmeringii, Gray, List Mam. B. M. 161; Ann.

fy Mag. N. H. xviii. 1847, 331 ; Knowsley Menag. 5; Turner.

P. Z. S. 1849.
Hob. Lower Abyssinia. Senaar.

Male, adult, from Abyssinia. From Dr. RiippelPs Collection.
Female. Senaar. From Dr. Riippell's Collection.

6. GAZELLA MOHR. The MOHR.

Bay. Chin, spot on throat, chest, belly, edge and inside of
limbs, and angular spot on rump above the tail, white. Spot on
side of face and end of tail black.

Antilope (Dama) Mohr, Bennett, Trans. Zool. Soc. i. t. 8; Knight

Mus. Anim. Nat. f.
Gazella (Dama) Mohr, Gray, Knowsley Menag. 5; Proc. Zool.

Soc. 1850.

Cervicapra (Dama) Mohr, Gervais, Supp. D. S. N. i. 261.
Gazella Mohr, Turner, P. Z. S. 1850, 114.
Hab. West Africa.

Stuffed : not good state. Gambia. Presented by the Earl of
Derby.

Var. ? Bay. Chin, spot on throat, belly, lower part of sides.

hinder part of the back, and inside of the limbs, white. No

spot on side of the face.
Nangeur, Buffon, H. N. xii. t. 32. f. 3. t. 34; Shaw, Zool. ii.

359. t. 197.
Antilope Dama, Pallas, Misc. 5 ; Spic. Zool. i. 8 (from Nangeur,

Buffon}, xii. 22; Gmelin, S. N. i. 183 ; Schreb. Saugth. fl99.

t. 264, from Buffon.

Gazella Dama, Gray, Ann. fy Mag. N. H. xviii. 1847, 231.
Antilope (Dama) nangeur, Bennett, P. Z. S. 1832, 2.
Antilope rubra, Afzelius.



60 MAMMALIA.

Antilope (Cervicapra) Dama, Blainv. Bull. Soc. Phil. 1816, 75.
Gazella (Dama) Dama, Gray, Knowsley Menag. 5 ; Proc. Zool.

Soc. 1850.

Swift Antelope, Penn. Syn. 30; Quad. i. 84.
Hab. West Africa. Senegal. Buffon.

Not seen since Buffon's time ; perhaps a bad figure of former.

OSTEOLOGY.

Nangeur, Daub. Buff. H. N. xii. t. 32. f. 3.

/. GAZELLA RUFICOLLIS. The ANDRA.

Whitish. Neck and front part of the middle of the back
reddish. Face-streak none.

Antilope (vera) Dama, Licht. Berl. Mag. vi. 170; Berl. Akad.

Abh. 1824, 251. t. 5; Saugth. t. 3, 4; Ruppell, Atlas Zool.

39. 42. t. 14, 16; Ehrenb. Symb. Phys. t. 6.
A. Gazella Dama, H. Smith, G. A. K. v. 822.
A. Cervicapra Dama, Blainv. B. S. Phil. 1816, 75, part.; Desm.

Mam. 458; Fischer, Syn. 464.

Antilope (Dama) Addra, Bennett, Proc. Z. S. 1833, 2.
Antilope ruficollis, H. Smith, G. A. K. iv. 205. 355. t.
Gazella ruficollis, Gray, Ann. 8f Mag. N. H. 1847, xviii. 231 ;

Knowsley Menag. 5; Proc. Zool. Soc. 1850, 114.
Cervicapra (Dama) ruficollis, Gervais, I. c. 261.
A. Dama var. orientalis, Sundevall, Pecora, 82.
Dama, Plinii H. N. viii. 53 ; Aldrov. Bisulc. 729. fig.

Female, stuffed. Kordofan. Senaar.

Var. or youngl with an indistinct narrow brown streak across the
outside of the thighs, and the forehead iron-grey, with longer
hair at the base of the horns. Horns small. Mus. Frankfort.

Hab. North Africa. Kordofan.

These species differ in size as well as markings. The Mohr
and Andra differ from G. Scummeringii in being of much larger
size, and in wanting the black face and streaks. Bennett's Mohr
has only an angular white spot on the rump, like G. Scemme-
ringii ; Buffon's Nangeur is smaller, and has more white on the
rump, thighs and sides ; and the Andra, which agrees with the
figures cited, is almost all white, with a reddish neck and withers.

*** Knees without tvfts (but with rather longer hair, forming
a linear keel in front). Back and rump brown. Sides with
dark streak.

8. GAZELLA RUFIFRONS. The KORIN.

Bay brown ; sides above paler, with a broad, dark streak below.



MAMMALIA. 61

Chest, belly, inside of legs, back edge of tarsus, and underside
of feet and anal disk, white. Face bright bay, with a broad white
side-streak.

Adult female : nose blackish above. Young pale yellowish.
Side-streak brownish.

Gazella rufifrons, Gray, Ann. fy Mag. N. H. 1846 ; 1847, xviii.
231 ; Knowsley Menag. 5. t. 4; Proc. Zool. Soc. 1850, 115.

Antilope (Gazella) Isevipes, Sundevall, Pecora, 82.

Kevel (male), F. Cuvier, Mam. Lithog. t. 3 ; not Buffon.

Corinne, F. Cuvier, Mam. Lithog. t., young and female; not
Buffon.

Hab. W.Africa; Senegal. Gambia, called Seni. Senaar (Sun-
devall).

Two males, stuffed. Senegal.
Two females, stuffed. Senegal.
Two young, stuffed.

ANAT.

Skull, adult female.
Skull, young.

Buffon mentions a Corine as coming from Senegal, but he says
it is smaller than the Kevel, and Daubenton says that it has
knee-tufts, so that it cannot be this species. Indeed the Gazelle,
Corine, and Kevel of Buffon are clearly all A. Dorcas of this
Catalogue.

The Kevel figured by M. F. Cuvier well represents this spe-
cies. He says it was sent from Senegal, and probably it has not
knee-tufts, for they are not indicated in the figure, or mentioned
in the text ; like other descriptions of this author, though it oc-
cupies more than two pages, all the peculiarities of the species
are left out. The Corine of the same author, also from Senegal,
well represents the young. M. Cuvier considers the Kevel and
Corine and A. Dorcas form one species, but afterwards, under
Kevel gris, he appears to change his mind and thinks they may
be two.

5. TRAGOPS.

Horns lyrate, short, black : in both sexes. Face tapering. Nose
ovine. Muffle none. Crumen none. Fur short, adpressed;
sides without any dark streak. Knees tufted. Feet with large
feet-pits. Inguinal pits distinct. Female with slender horns.
Teats 2. Head, t. 7. f. 1.

Hab. India. Not gregarious.

Tragops, Hodgson, Var. Genera Ruminants, 1847, 11; Gray,
Proc. Zool. Soc. 1850.



62 MAMMALIA.

Gazella, sp.. Gray, List Mam. B. M. 161 ; Ann. $ Mag. N. H.
1847, xviii. 231 ; Knowsley Menag.

The Chikara are not gregarious. They have lyrate horns,
common to both sexes, knee-tuft, line along the flanks, and ovins
nose of the Gazelles of Africa, but they are wholly destitute of
the eye-pits ; they have the large, dark-lustred eyes of the An-
telopes, very unlike the small, pale-eyed Goats. Hodgson.

Mr. Hodgson separates this genus from Gazella, because he
declares it has no crumen ; but Mr. Turner, who says he has seen
a skull, describes it as being a typical Gazella ; and Colonel Sykes
described the suborbital sinuses as very small, not observable in
dried skins, nor does the animal dilate them unless very much
alarmed. P. Z. S. 1831, 106.

1. TRAGOPS BENNETTII. The CHIKARA or RAVINE DEER.

Bay brown. Knee-tuft, end of nose and tail black. Streak
on haunches blackish. Face-streak, chest, belly and inside of
limbs white. Feet black or brown.

Antilope Bennettii, Sykes, Proc.Zool. Soc. 1831, 140; Hodgson,

Journ. Asiat. S. B. x. 913; Calcutta Journ. N. H. iv. 290.
Gazella Bennettii, Gray, Ann. fy Mag. N. H. 1847, xviii. 231 ;

Knowsley Menag. 4 ; List Mam. B. M. 161 ; Cat. Osteol. Spec.

B. M. 56 ; Cat. Hodgson Coll, B. M. 27 ; Turner, P. Z. S.

1849.

Antilope Christii, Gray, B. M.
Antilope Bharatensis, Hodgson, Journ. Asiat. S. Beng. x. 913;

Calcutta Journ. N. H. iv. 290; Zool. Nepal, MSS. t.
Antilope Hazenna, I. Geoff. Voy. Jacq. Mam. t. 6, bad.
Antilope Dorcas var. e, Sundevall, Pecora, 85.
Tragops Bennettii, Hodgson, Journ. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 1847,

11; Gray, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1850, 116.

Chouka or Ravine Deer, Hodgson, J. A. S. Beng. i. 347 & 913.
The Kalsiepie or Black tail, Mahrattas.
Goat Antelope, Europeans in Deccan.

Var. Feet brown, like back. Gray, P. Z. S. 1850, 116.
Hab. India; Madras. Nepal; Tarai.

Male. Plains of the Seramic Country, Madras. Presented by
Walter Elliot, Esq.

Male and female. Madras. Presented by Col. Sykes.

Skin of male, with head and horns, very imperfect. Nepal.
Presented by B. H. Hodgson, Esq.

Tragops Bennettii, Hodgson.

Skin of young male, imperfect. Nepal. Presented by B. H.
Hodgson, Esq.



MAMMALIA. 63

OSTEOLOGY. Head, t. J.f.l.

Horns of male. Presented by Dr. Turnbull Christie.

Antilope Christii, Gray, MSS. EM.

DRAWINGS.

Drawing of male and female, t. 156.

The Chikara carries its tail erect when in rapid motion. Sykes.
An albino of this species now living in the Zoological Gar-
dens has white horns.

6. ANTIDORCAS.

Horns lyrate, short, black. Face tapering. Nose simple. Cru-
men moderate, distinct. Back with an expansile white fold or
streak. Hair close-pressed. Knees not tufted. Female with
small horns. Teats .

South Africa. Living in large herds, migrating.

Antidorcas, Sundevall, Pecora, 87 ; Gray, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1850,

116.
Gazella, sp., Gray, List Mam. B. M. 160 ; Cat. Osteol. Sp. B.M.- 9

Ann. fy Mag. N. H. 1847. xviii. 231 ; Turner, Proc. Zool, Soc.

1849.
Gazella, 5, Knowsley Menag.

1. ANTIDORCAS EUCHORE. The TSEBE or SPRING BOC.

Pale brown. Face, throat, chest, belly, broad expansile streak
on back to base of tail, edge and inner side of limbs, white.
Face-streak and middle of forehead pale brown. Side-streak
oblique, dark brown. Young paler. Side-streak paler. Back-
streak distinct.

Antilope Euchore, Forster in Itin. ; Sparrm. Act. Holm. 1780, 275.

A. vera Euchore, Licht. Berl. Mag. vi. 169 ; Saugth. t. 7 ; Schreb.
Saugth. 1189. t. 272; Harris, W. Anim. Africa, t. 3, a head;
Burchell, Trav. i. 290, ii. 109.

A. Gazella Euchore, Blainv. B. S. Phil. 1816, 75; Desm. Mamm.
455; Desm. Diet. Class. H. N. i. 441. t. . f . 1 ; Fischer,
Syn. 461. 629; H. Smith, G. A. K. v. 823.

Gazella Euchore, Gray, List Mam. B. M. 160; Cat. Osteol. B.
M. 56; Knowsley Menag.; Turner, P. Z. Soc. 1849.



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