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Catalogue of the specimens of Mammalia in the collection of the British Museum (Volume 3) online

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Antilope Dorcas, Gervais, I. c. 261.

A. Dorcas var. pygargus, Forster, in MSS. 62.

Antidorcas Euchore, Gray, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1850, 116.

Antilope Marsupialis, Zimmerm. Geog. Gesch. 111. 427; Bur-
chell, Trav. i. 290.

Antilope pygarga, Blumenb. Handb. 119.



64 MAMMALIA.

Antilope dorsata, Lacep. in Buff. ; Burchell, Trav. i. 290.

Antilope saliens, Lacep. in Buff. ; Burchell, Trav. i. 290.

Antilope saltatrix, Link, Beytr. 99, from Buffon.

Pronkbock, Vosmaer. Beschr. 1784, t.

Gazelle a bourse, &c., Allam, Buffon Supp. iv. 142. t. 60.

Gazelle de parade, Vosmaer.

Gazelle sautante, Buffon, H. N. Supp. vi. 183. t. 21.

Springer Antelope, Penn. Quad. i. 94 ; Shaw, Zool. ii. 344. 1. 192.

Springbock, Licht. Reise, i. 525, 564, 580.

Tzebi, Shaw, Reise, 151.

Gazelle, Buffon, H. N. xii. 201. t. 23, t. 31. f. 1, skull.

Barbary Antelope, Penn. Syn. 33. fig. ; Quad. i. 42 ; Shaw, ZooL

ii. 350.
Hab. South Africa.

A male, in a bad state. S. Africa. Presented by W. Burchell,
Esq., LL.D.

A male. S. Africa. From the South African Museum.
A male. S. Africa. Presented by the Earl of Derby.
A young female. S. Africa.

OSTEOL. Buffon, H. N. xii. 201. t. 31. f. 1, skull.

Skull and horns. South Africa. Presented by W. Burchell,
Esq., LL.D.

Horns. South Africa.

Horns. South Africa.

Horns on frontal bone.

Skull, young. S. Africa.

The Spring Bok is found throughout the whole of South
Africa, but in no part so numerously as in the colony, the north-
eastern division of which they traverse in herds of thousands,
devouring everything they meet with in their course. They re-
main only a portion of the year, and it is during that season the
Lion is most frequently found there. Vast numbers are killed,
and the flesh dried against a season of scarcity. A. Smith.

The Sprinabock at certain periods make a trak bokJcen or
grand migration. They march slowly and steadily along, like the
flood of a river, about half a mile in width. These vast legions
will continue streaming along in an unbroken, compact phalanx
for two or more hours. R. G. Gumming, Hunter's Life, i. 122.

7. JEPYCEROS.

Horns lyrate, elongate, wide-spreading, black, curved outwards
from the base, then backwards and upwards at the tip. Face
tapering. Nose simple. Crumen none. Knees not tufted. Feet
with tuft of (black) hair near pasterns. Female hornless ?, teats 2.



MAMMALIA. 65

Skull with " no suborbital fissure nor fossa, but a wide opening
on the side of the muzzle, between the maxillary and intermax-
illary bones ; the masseteric ridge rising before the orbit ; the
auditory bulla large and prominent, with only a small groove on
its outer side to receive the attachment of the stylohyal bone ;
the occiput broad, somewhat produced downwards; its basal
portion with the posterior pair of tubercles broad, the anterior
ones small. Molars without the supplemental lobe." Turner.
Skull, t. 7. f. 3.

Antilope vera, sp., Licht. Berl. Mag. vi. 1814.

A. (Ceratophorus) Gazella, sp., Blainv. Bull. Sci. Phil. 1816.

Gazella, sp., Gervais, Supp. D. S. N. i. 261, 1840.

Antilope, Gray, Ann. fy Mag. N. H. 1847 ; Knowsley Menag. 6 ;

Turner, P. Z. Soc. 1849.
-ZEpyceros, Sundevall, Pecora, 87.

Major H. Smith erroneously assigns a suborbital sinus to this
animal.

1. ^EPYCEROS MELAMPUS. PALLAH or ROOYE Boc.

Bay; sides and beneath paler. Belly, anal disk, and lower
side of tail white. Crown, anal streak and tip of tail blackish.
Tuft above feet, and back of feet black.

Antilope (vera) Melampus, Licht. Berl. Mag. vi. 167, 1814 ;

Burch. Trav. ii. 301 ; Reise, ii. 544. t. 4 ; Schreb. Saugth.

1224. t. 274; Harris, Wild Anim. Africa, t. 15.
A. (Gazella) Euchore, Desm. Mamm. 456; H. Smith, G. A. K.

iv. 198. t., v. 828; Fischer, Syn. 463. 630; Burchell, Trav. ii.

301.
Antilope Melampus, Gray, List Mam. B. M. 162; Cat. OsteoL

B. M. 56; Knowsley Menag. 6; Turner, P. Z. S. 1849.
Gazella melampus, Gervais, Supp. D. S. N. i. 261.
JSpyceros melampus, Gray, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1850, 116.
Pallah, S. Daniel, Afric. Seen. n. 9.
Betjuan, Coffers.
Hab. South Africa.

Adult male. S. Africa. From Dr. Smut's Collection.
Adult female. From Dr. Smut's Collection.
Young male. From the South African Museum.
Female. S. Africa. Presented by the Earl of Derby.

OSTEOLOGY. Skull, t. 7. f. 3. Turner, P. Z. Soc. 1849, skull.

Horns. South Africa. Presented by William Burchell, Esq.,
LL.D.

Two pairs of horns. S. Africa.

Tw;o pairs of horns. S. Africa. Mr. Argent's Collection.



66 MAMMALIA.

The Pallah is common in the wooded country north of the
Kurrichane, where it occurs in herds equally as large as those of
the Spring Bok are more to the southward. It feeds on grass or
the more delicate twigs of the brushwood. When startled, they
generally move off in perfect files, and will not diverge far from
the course they first adopt, even to avoid a man, which renders
them an easy prey to the hunter who carries fire-arms. Where
not disturbed by hunters, they are less shy than the Spring Bok.
The flesh is esteemed. A. Smith.

8. ANTILOPE.

Horns elongate, subspiral, erect, diverging. Face tapering.
Nose simple. Crumen large. Skull with a small suborbital fis-
sure and a very large suborbital pit. The tubercles and median
grooves of the basioccipital bone well developed, t. 8. f. 1. 3.

Hab. India. Gregarious.

Cervicapra, Gray, Ann. fy Mag. N. H. 1847, 231, not Blainv.

nor Sundevall; Knowsley Menag. 6; Turner, P. Z. S. 1850.
Antilope (Cervicapra), sp., Blainv. Bull. Soc. Phil. 1816; Desm.

Mam. 457; H. Smith, Griffith A. K. v. 1827 ; Gervais, Supp.

D. S. N. i. 260; Gray, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1850, 117.
Antilope (Gazellse), sp., Sundevall, Pecora, 86.
Strepsiceros, sp., Ruppell, Verz. Senck. 183, 1845.

1 . ANTILOPE BEZOARTICA. The ANTELOPE or SASIN.

Grey brown or black. Lips, orbits, chest, lower part of sides,
belly, edge and inside of limbs, white. Nose, front of shoulder
and outside of thighs, end of tail and front of feet, blackish.
Neck redder. Young with a narrow pale streak on the upper
part of sides.

Antilope Cervicapra, Pallas, Misc. Zool. 9; Spic. i. 18. t. 1, 2.
xii. 19; Gmelin, S. N. i. 192.

A. Gazella Cervicapra, Licht. Berl. Mag. vi. 172; Schreb. Saugth.
1214. t. 268. from Pallas.

A. (vera) Cervicapra, Blainv. B. S. Phil. 1816, 75; Desm. Mam.
451; Fischer, Syn. 457. 626; F. Cuvier, Mam. Lith. t.; Ger-
vais, I. c. 260; H. Smith, G. A. K. v. 831 ; Gray, Illust. Ind.
Zool. t.; Hodgson, J. A. S. Beng. x. 913; Calcutta Journ.
N. H. iv. 290; Proc. Zool. Soc. 1834, 99.

Capra Cervicapra, Linn. S. N. i. 96.

Strepsiceros Cervicapra, Ruppell, Verz. Senck. 183, 1845.

Cervicapra bezoartica, Gray, List Mam. B. M. 159 ; Cat. Osteol.
Spec. B. M. 56 ; Cat. Hodgson Coll. B. M. 26 ; Ann. fy Mag.
N. H. 1847, 230; Turner, Proc. Z. Soc. 1849.



MAMMALIA. 67

Antilope bilineata, Temm. Mus. Ley den (young).

Damalis Cervicapra (Ledmee), J. Brookes, Cat. Mus. 64, 1828.

Capra Bezoartica, Aldrov. Bisulc. 256.

Gazella, Jonston, Quad. t. 29; Brisson, R. A. 68.

Gazella Africana, Raii Syn. 79.

Tragus Strepsiceros, Klein, Quad. 18.

Gazelle, Perr. Anim. i. 93. 1. 11.

Lidmee, Shaw, Trav. 243?

Antelope and Antelope des Indes, Buffon, H. N. xii. 215, 217-

t. 35. t. 36. f. 1, 2 ; Suppl. vi. 1. 18, 19 ; F. Cuvier, Mam. Lith. t.
Common Antelope, Penn. Syn. 32; Quad. i. 89. t. 15; Shaw,

Zool. ii. 336. t. 191.
Bahmunnee Hurn, SyJces.
Hob. India, in the dry, open plains, in flocks of scores.

A male. Madras, India. Presented by Walter Elliot, Esq.
A male. India.

OSTEOLOGY. Skull, t. 8. f. 1-3.

Antelope, Daub, in Buffon H. N. xii. 273. t. 35. t. 36. f. 1-3.

Three bases of skulls and horns. India.
Skull and horn. India.
Skull and horn. India.
Skull and horn. India.

Skull, with horns, of adult male. India. Presented by B. H.
Hodgson, Esq.

A pair of horns. Presented by B. H. Hodgson, Esq.
One odd deformed horn. Presented by B. H. Hodgson, Esq.
Two pairs of horns. India. Mr. Argent's Collection.

DRAWINGS.

Drawing of a skull of a male. Hodgson, Icon. ined. B. M.
t. 186. f. 9, 10. Presented by B. H. Hodgson, Esq.

Drawing of old male, female and young. Hodgson, Icon. ined.
B. M. t. 155. Presented by B. H. Hodgson, Esq.

The Black Antelopes are very gregarious on the open, dry
plains of India. Hodgson.

b. Horns small, slender, straight, conical, tapering, more or less
diverging, and often bent forward at the tip. Muffle gene-
rally large and moist.

a. Crumen large. Muffle large.

9. TETRACERUS.
Muffle large. Crumen large, longitudinal. Horns 4 ; front



68 MAMMALIA.

pair very short, placed over the orbits ; hinder on hack edge of
frontal, conical, straight. Skull like Cephalophus, with nasal
bones not expanded. Suborbital fossae large, shallow, occupying
nearly the whole of the cheek. Knee-tufts none. Females horn-
less. Skull, t. 9.

Tetracerus, Leach-, H. Smith, Griffith A. K. v. 1827; Fischer,
Syn. Mam. ii. 624; Gray, Ann. <$ Mag. N. H. 1847, 231;
Proc. Zool Soc. 1850, 117 ; Knowsley Menag. ; Turner, P. Z.
S. 1850.

Cervicapra, sp., Blainv. Bull. Soc. Phil. 1816, 75.

Cervicapra e. tetracerus, Gervais, Supp. D. S. N. i. 262.

Tetraceros, J. Brookes, Cat. Mus. 64, 1828.

Tetracerocidae, J. Brookes, Cat. Mus. 64, 1828.

1. TETRACERUS QUADRICORNIS. The CHOUSINGHA.
Front pair of horns conical, distinct.

Antilope (Cervicapra) quadricornis, Blainv. Bull. Soc. Philom.

1816, 75, 78; Journ. Phys. 1816, t. . f. ; Isis, 1819, t. 12.

f. 3, skull; Desm. Mamm. 466; Fischer, Syn. 471. 639.
A. Tetracerus quadricornis, H. Smith, G. A. K. iv. 256. t. 181.

f. 3. t. 186, v. 845.
Antilope Chickara, Hardw. Linn. Trans, xiv. 520. t. 15, 16;

Hodgson, Proc. Z. S. 1834, 99; Zool. Nep. ined. t.; Fischer,

Syn. 471. 639.
A. Tetracerus Chickara, H. Smith, G. A. K. v. 844; R. Hill,

Linn. Trans, xv. 501. t. 20.
A. Chicara, Hodgson, J. A. S. Beng. i. 346, 347.
Tetracerus Chicara, F. Cuv. Mam. t. $ .
Tetracerus striaticornis, Leach, MSS.
Tetracerus quadricornis, Gray, List Mam. B. M. 159; Cat.

Osteol. Spec. B. M. 57; Cat. Hodgson Coll. B. M. 26; Ann.

fy Mag. N. H. 1847; Proc. Zool. Soc. 1850, 117; Knowsley

Menag. 6; Turner, P. Z. S. 1849.

Tschikkara, F. Cuvier, Mam. Lith. t. , from Hardwicke, Icon.
Tetracerus Chickara, Hodgson, Journ. A. S. B. x. 413; Calcutta

Journ. N. H. iv. 291.

Antilope tetracornis, Hodgson, Journ. A. S. Beng. iv. 542, v. 242.
Tetraceros striaticornis (Chickara), Leach in Brookes' Cat. Mus.

64, 1828.

Cervus albipes, F. Cuvier, Mam. Lith. t. ? .
" Cervus labipes, F. Cuvier," Lesson, Sundevall.
Cervus (Stylocerus) labipes, Lesson, Nov. Tab. R. A. 174.
Chousingha, Hindoos.
Hob. India. Nepal. Thibet. Mus. Ind. Cow/?.

A male. Nepal. Presented by B. H. Hodgson, Esq.



MAMMALIA. 69

Two males ; front of fore legs dark. Nepal. Presented by
B. H. Hodgson, Esq.

A female; rufous, without any dorsal streak, and with the
front of the fore legs pale. Nepal. Presented by B. H. Hodg-
son, Esq.

The imperfect skin of a male, with two horns. Nepal. Pre-
sented by B. H. Hodgson, Esq.

OSTEOLOGY. Skull, t.

Horns. North India.

Frontal bone, with horns.

Skull, with lower jaw. India. Presented by B. H. Hodgson,
Esq.

Skull. India.

DRAWINGS.

Drawing of male and female. Hodgson, Icon. ined. B. M.
t. 152. Presented by B. H. Hodgson, Esq.

Drawing of male, copied from Hamilton Smith, with details of
head added. Hodgson, Icon. ined. B. M. t. 153. Presented by
B. H. Hodgson, Esq.

Drawing of male, with details of head. Hodgson, Icon. ined.
B. M. t. 154. Presented by B. H. Hodgson, Esq.

M. De Blainville, in describing this animal, from Dr. Bucha-
nan Hamilton's drawing in the India House Library, read Moor-
shadabad, the habitat, for Hoornadabad, and thought it the
name of the animal.

The Chouka inhabits the forests of India, avoiding the moun-
tains and open plains. They are not gregarious ; rutting in sum-
mer, and gestating six months, the young mostly born in January
or February. They are very shy, and when hunted lie close or
go oif far ahead, bounding like the common Antelope, and hence
one of their names from Chouk, a leap. Hodgson.

2. TETRACERUS IODES. The RUSTY-RED CHOUSINGHA.

Tetracerus lodes, Hodgson, Calcutta J. N. H. 1847, t. 4. f. 3.
Hob. India. Nepal.

OSTEOL. Hodgson, 1. c. t. 4. f. 3, skull.

3. TETRACERUS PACCERVIS. The FULL-HORNED CHOU-

SINGHA.
Tetracerus paccervis, Hodgson, Calcutta J. N. H. 1847, t. 4.

f. 1, 2.
Hab. India. Nepal.

OSTEOL. Hodgson, 1. c. t. 4. f. 1, 2, skull.



70 MAMMALIA.

4. TETRACERUS SUBQUADRICORNUTUS. The JUNGLIBURKA.

Front pair of horns rudimentary, tubercular ; hinder conical,
subcylindrical. Pale brown, sides rather paler. Chest, belly,
inside and front of legs whitish. Feet paler, varied. Female :
front of legs blackish.

Antilope subquadricornutus, Elliot, Madras Journ. 35. t. 4.

f. 2.
Tetracerus subquadricornutus, Gray, List Mam. B. M. 159;

Ann. fy Mag. Nat. Hist. 1847; Knowsley Menag. 7; Proc.

Zool. Soc. 1850, 11? i Turner, P. Z. S. 1849.
Antelope (brown), Sykes, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1831, 105.
Hob. India. Bombay.

A male and female, stuffed. Bombay. Presented by Walter
Elliot, Esq.

Male and female. Madras. Presented by J. C. Jerdon, Esq.

OSTEOLOGY.

Skull, female. Madras. Presented by J. C. Jerdon, Esq.

10. CALOTRAGUS.

Muffle large. Crumen arched, transverse. Horns subulate,
elongate, erect. Hoofs triangular, flattish beneath, acute in
front ; false hoofs small or none. Crown of head smooth. Tail
very short. Groin and orbits nakedish. Knees not tufted ; in-
guinal pores none. Ears elongate. Females hornless. Teats 4.
Skull with " a small suborbital fissure, with a large deep fossa
suddenly pressed in before the orbit ; the masseteric ridge rising
a little before the orbit ; the auditory bulla rather large and pro-
minent ; the basioccipital bone flat and smooth ; the median in-
cisors expanded at their summits, and the molars without sup-
plemental lobes." Skull, t. 8. f. 4, 5.

Calotragus, part., Sundevall, Pecora, 68.

Calotragus (grisea), Gray, Ann. fy Mag. N. H. 1847, 232;

Knowsley Menag. 7; Proc. Zool. Soc. 1850, 118.
Tragulus (grisea), H. Smith, Griffith A. K. v. 182; not Brisson

nor Ogilby.

Cervicapra, sp., Blainv. Bull. Soc. Phil. 1816, 75.
Gazella, sp., Licht. Berl. Mag. 1814.
Oreotragus, sp., Gray, List Mam. B. M. 164; Turner, P. Z. S.

1850.

Redunca, sp., H. Smith.
Cervicapra c. Tragulus, sp., Gervais, Supp. D. S. N. 262.



MAMMALIA. /I

* False hoofs none.

1. CALOTRAGUS CAMPESTRIS. The STEINBOC.

Fulvous ash. Hair uniform. Small spot on nose and two di-
verging streaks on crown to nape blacker. Upper part of throat,
chest and abdomen white. Ears three-fourths the length of head.
False hoofs none.

Var. 1 . Glaucous, hair white-tipped.

Var. 2. Crown without black streak. Throat whiter.

Antilope (Gazella) Tragulus, Forster, MSS. 52; Licht. Berl.

Mag. vi. 176, 1814; Saugth. t. 19 <? ?; Goldfuss in Schreb.

Saugth. 1254; Desm. Mamm. 458; Fischer, Syn. 464. 631.
Calotragus Tragulus, Gray, Ann. fy Mag. N. H. 184?; Knows-

ley Menag. 1 .

A. Cervicapra Stenbock, Blainv. B. S. Phil 1816, 75.
Antilope Ibex, Afzel. Nov. Act. Upsal. vii. 254.
Oreotragus Tragulus, Gray, List Mam. B. M. 164; Turner, P.

Z. S. 1849.

Antilope campestris, Thunb. Mem. Acad. Petersb. iii. 313, 1811.
Antilope capensis, Afzelius, N. Act. Upsal. vii. 260, 1815.
Antilope fulvo-rubescens, Desmoul. D. Class. H. N. i. 446.
Antilope (Tragulus) rupestris, Burchell, Trav. i. 202. 281, ii. 15 ;

H. Smith, G. A. K. v. 838; Harris, W. A. Africa, t. 25. f. 2.
Steinbock, Buffon, H. N. Supp. vi. 185.
Tragelaphus Tragulus, Ruppell, Verz. Senck. 181.
Hab. S. Africa.

Three males. S. Africa.
Three females. S. Africa.
Four young. S. Africa.

OSTEOLOGY. Skull, t. 8. f. 4, 5.
Two skulls, males.
One skull, female.
Two skulls, young.

Far.? Paler.

Antilope pediotragus, Afzel. Nov. Act. Ups. vii. 260.

Antilope pallida, H. Smith, G. A. K. v. 841.

Antilope (Gazella) Tragulus pallida, Licht. Berl. Mag. vi. 176;

Fischer, Syn. 464. 632.

Bleekbock, Forster, MSS.-, Buffon, H. N. Supp. vi. 186.
A. Tragulus pallida, H. Smith, G. A. K. v.
Vlacksteenbock, Sparrm. Reise, 630.
Antilope rufescens, Burchell.
A. Tragulus rufescens, H. Smith, G. A. K. iv. 248. t., v. 839,



72 MAMMALIA.

Var.1

Antilope traguloides (Ogilby's Steinbok), Ogilby, MSS. ; Wa-

terhouse, Supp. Cat. Zool. Soc. Mus. n. 385 B. & 385 B. a.

1839.
Hab. S. Africa.

This species varies much in colour, perhaps according to the
season ; sometimes the hairs are whitish at the tip, giving the fur
a glaceous appearance ; the black streaks are as distinct in the
young as in the adult.

A. rupestris (the Steinbok) has favourite feeding- and resting-
places, to which it returns as speedily as possible if driven from
them. It occasionally crosses pools and streams, and even lies
down in them, to avoid leaving its scent, when hunted by dogs.
A. Smith.

** False hoofs small.
2. CALOTRAGUS MELANOTIS. The GRYS Boc.

Red bay, with intermixed white hairs. Crown with two dark
streaks. Ears two-thirds the length of head. False hoofs small.

Antilope melanotis, Thunb. Mem. Acad. Peter sb. iii. 312, 1811 ;

Afzel. Nov. Act. Upsal. vii. 257, 1815; Goldf. Schreb. Saugth.

1235 ; Licht. Saugth. t. 12 ; H. Smith, G. A. K. v. 840 ; Desm.

Mam. 459; Fischer, Syn. 465. 632; Harris, W. A. Anim.

t. 26.

Tragelaphus melanotis, Ruppell, Verz. Senck. 181, 1845.
Antilope grisea, Cuv. Diet. Sci. Nat. xi. 244, 1816.
A. Tragulus grisea, H. Smith, G. A. K. v. 840.
A. Cervicapra grisea, Blainv. B. S. Phil. 1816, 75.
Antilope (Gazella) Tragulus var. melanotis, Licht. Berl. Mag. vi.

176.

Cervicapra (Tragulus) grisea, Gervais.
Oreotragus melanotis, Turner, P. Z. S. 1849.
Antilope rubro-albescens, Desm. Diet. Class. H. N. ii. 446.
Oreotragus griseus, Gray, List Mam. B. M. 164.
Calotragus melanotis, Gray, Ann. fy Mag. N. H. 1847, 217;

Proc. Zool. Soc. 1850; Knowsley Menag.
Grysbock, Forster, MSS. ; Buffon, Supp. vi. 183.

Var. pallida. Pale ashy white. Hairs some white, others lead-
coloured with grey tips.

Calotragus melanotis pallida, Gray, Knowsley Menag. 7 ; Proc.
Zool. Soc. 1850, 118.

Hab. S. Africa.

Male. Cape of Good Hope.



MAMMALIA. 73

Female. Cape of Good Hope. Presented by William Bur-
chell, Esq., LL.D.

Young, with two large black oblong spots on each side of the
back of the forehead and the tip of the nose. Cape of Good
Hope. From M. Verreaux' Collection.

Yellowish grey, with two black oblong spots on back of fore-
head. FronTM. Verreaux' Collection.

11. SCOPOPHORUS.

Muffle small, bald. Tear-bag transverse. Horns subulate,
elongate, acute, slightly recurved at the tips. Knees largely
tufted. Inguinal pores distinct and bearded. Ears moderate,
with a naked spot on the outside of their base. Hoofs triangu-
lar ; false hoofs distinct. Skull like Callotragus.

Scopophorus (Ourebi), Gray, Ann. fy Mag. N. H. 1846, 232;

Knowsley Menag. 7; Proc. Zool. Soc. 1850, 118.
Calotragus, sp., Sundevall, Pecora, 68.
Cervicapra c. redunca, sp., Gervais, I. c. 261, 1840.
Oreotragus, sp., Gray, List Mam. B. M. 164; Turner, P. Z.

Soc. 1847.

1. SCOPOPHORUS OUREBI. The OUREBI.

Temple spot small, indistinct. Fur red brown. Cheek paler.
Crown darker red brown. Orbit, chest, belly and middle of
upper part of inner side of legs, white. End of tail, arched line
before the eyes, and spot between the ears, black.

Var. End of nose blackish.

Antilope Scoparia, Schreb. Saugth. t. 261 ; Desm. Mam. 464 ;

Licht. Saugth. t. 13; Fischer, Syn. 468. 658.
A. redunca scoparia, H. Smith, G. A. K. v. 836.
Cervicapra Redunca scoparia, Gervais, I. c. 261.
Antilope melanura, Bechst.

Antilope Ourebi, Shaw, Zool. ii. 320; Lesson, Man.
Ourebi, Allam, Buffon H. N. Supp. v. 33. t. 12.
Scopophorus Ourebi, Gray, Ann. $ Mag. N. H. 1846, 232;

Knowsley Menag. 7; Proc. Zool. Soc. 1850, 118.
Ourebi Antelope, Penn. Quad. i. 79.
Oreotragus Scoparius, Gray, List Mam. B. M. 164; Turner ,

P. Z. S. 1849.
Hab. S. Africa.

Male, female and young. S. Africa. Cape of Good Hope.
From the South African Museum.
Two females. S. Africa.



74 MAMMALIA.

OSTEOLOGY.
Two skulls. S. Africa.

The Ourebi live in the continuous swards of tall grass near the
sea-coast, but they are nearly exterminated near the colony, and
now chiefly confined to the country between the Uuzimvooboo
River and Port Natal. A. Smith.

2. SCOPOPHORUS MONTANUS. The GlBARI.

Temple spot large, deep (more than half an inch over), naked.
Fur greyish brown. Cheeks paler. Crown red brown. Orbits,
chest, belly, under side of tail, and middle of the inner side of
the upper part of the legs, white. End of tail and arched line
before the eyes black.

Antilope montana, Ruppell, Zool. Atlas, t. 3; Fischer, Syn.
469.

Tragelaphus montanus, Ruppell, Verz. Senck. 181.

Scopophorus montanus, Gray, Ann. fy Mag. N. H. 1846, 232 ;
Knowsley Menag. 7. t. 5; Proc. Zool. Soc. 1850, 119.

Hab. Eastern Africa ; Abyssinia ; Ruppell. West Africa ; Gam-
bia; Earl of Derby. Mus. Earl of Derby.

Very like the former, but grey brown, and the temporal spot
much larger, deeper, more distinct and bald, both when alive and
in the skin, so that it does not depend on the stuffing.

12. OREOTRAGUS.

Muffle large. Crumen arched, transverse. Horns subulate,
elongate. Hoofs squarish, high, compressed, much contracted,
concave beneath. False hoofs large, blunt. Crown of head
smooth. Tail very short. Hair thick, goat-like, spread out.
Female hornless. Teats 2.

Oreotragus, Gray, Ann. fy Mag. N. H. 1846, 231 ; Proc. Zool.

Soc. 1850, 119; Knowsley Menag. t. ; Sundevall, Pecora;

Harris, W. Anim. Afr.
Tragulus, sp., H. Smith, G. A. K. v. 1827; Fischer, ii. 424, not

Pallas.
A. cervicapra, sp., Blainv. Bull. Soc. Phil. 1816; Desm. Mam.

460.
Cervicapra c. Tragulus, sp., Gervais, I. c. 262, 1840.

1. OREOTRAGUS SALTATRIX. TheKAiNSior KLIPPSPRINGER.

Dark, brown yellow, grisled. Hair grey, brown at the end, with
a short yellow tip, beneath whitish. Edge of ears and feet above
the hoofs black.



MAMMALIA. 75

Antilope Oreotragus, Forster, MSS. 58 ; Schreb. Saugth. 1228.

t. 259.
A. (Gazella) Oreotragus, Licht. Eerl. Mag. vi. 175 ; Saugth. 1. 15 ;

Thunb. Mem. Acad. Petersb. in. 511 5 Desm. Mam. 460;

Fischer, Syn. 466. 634.

A. Tragulus oreotragus, H. Smith, G. A. K. v. 837.
Oreotragus Saltatrix, Harris, W. Anim. Afr. t. 24. f. 2.
Cervicapra Tragulus oreotragus, Gervais.
A. (Cervicapra) oreotragus, Desm. Mam. 460.
Antilope Saltatrix, Bodd. Elench. 141 ; 0. Des Mur. fy F. Pre-

vost, Voy. en Abyssinie, vi. 33. t. 4.

Tragelaphus oreotragus, Ruppell, Verz. Senck. SammL 181, 1845.
Gazelle, Le Vaillant, Deuz. Voy. d'Afrique, i. 162.
Klippspringer, Buff. H. N. Supp. vi. 183. t. 29, cop. E. M. t. 54.

f. 3; Penn. Quad. i. 80; Shaw, Zool. ii. 321.
Kainsi, Hottentots.
Sessa in Amareen.
Sessah in Tigren.
Hob. Africa. S. Africa; Cape of Good Hope. East Africa;

Abyssinia.

Male and female, stuffed. S. Africa.

Varies in brightness and depth of colour according to the
season.

13. NESOTRAGUS.

Muffle large, bald. Crumen large, deep, arched. Face and
forehead not crested. Ears large. Horns nearly straight, elon-
gate, strong, many-ringed, incumbent, in the direction of the
facial line nearly parallel. False hoofs none. Tail very short.
Females hornless.

Very like Neotragus in form and character.

Nesotragus, Von Duben, Vet. Ac. Oefvers. 1846, 221 ; Sundevall,
Pecora, 134; Gray, Knowsley Menag. 8; Proc. Zool. Soc.
1850, 119.

1. NESOTRAGUS MOSCHATUS.

Reddish grey. Belly white. Legs pale reddish. Hair of back
brown, reddish above the middle, with an obscure pale dot and
blackish tip.

Nesotragus moschatus, V. Duben, I. c. ; Sundev. Vet. Acad.
Oefversigt, 1846, 221 ; Sundevall, Pecora, 134; Gray, Knows-
ley Menag. 8; Proc. Zool. Soc. 1851, 119.

Hob. E. Africa; Island of Zanzibar. Male and female in Stock-
holm Museum.



76 MAMMALIA..

/3. Crumen large. Nose ovine. Muffle none.

14. NEOTRAGUS.

Muffle none. Nose ovine. Nostrils close together. Crumen
roundish. Horns short, conical, recumbent. Tail very short,
crown crested. Female hornless.

Neotragus, H. Smith, G. A. K. 1827; Fischer, Syn. ii. 624;
Wagner; Gray, Ann. fy Mag. JV. H. 1846, 231; Knowsley
Menag. 8; Proc. Zool. Soc. 1850, 120; Sundevall, Pecora, 67.

Madoqua, Ogilby, P. Z. Soc. 1836, 137.

Cervicapra, sp., Blainv. Butt. Soc. Phil. 1816, 73.

Cervicapra, g. Neotragus, Gervais, I. c. 263.

Colonel Hamilton Smith did not observe the crumen.

1. NEOTRAGUS SALTIANA. The MADOQUA.

Antilope Cervicapra Saltiana, Blainv. Bull. Soc. Philom. 1816,



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