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Catalogue of the specimens of Mammalia in the collection of the British Museum (Volume 3) online

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75. 79; Journ. Phys. 1818. t. . f . ; Isis, 1819, t. 12. f. 5,
9, skull; Desm. Mamm. 465; Fischer, Syn. 470. 638; Licht.
Saugth. t. 16; Ruppell, Zool. Atlas, 55. t. 21; Ehrenberg,
Symb. Phys. t.

Neotragus Saltiana, Gray, Cat. Osteol. B. M. 561 ; Ann. Sf Mag.
N. H. 1846, 231 ; Knowsley Menag. 8; Proc. Zool. Soc. 1850,
120.

Antilope Neotragus Madoka, H. Smith, G. A. K. v. 857.

Tragelaphus Hemprichii, Ruppell, Verz. Senck. 181.

Antilope Hemprichianus, Ehrenb. Symb. Phys. t. 7-

Antilope Grimmia, Ruppell.

Antilope Hemprichii, Ruppell, Abyss, t. 5.

Cervicapra Neotragus Saltiana, Gervais, I. c. 263.

Madoqua Saltiana, Ogilby, P. Z. S. 1836, 137.

Neotragus Hemprichianus, Sundevall, Pecora, 67.

Madoka Saltiana, Gray, List Mamm. B. M. 164.

Hab. Abyssinia.

Male and female. Abyssinia. From the Frankfort Museum.

ANAT. Journ. Phys. t. . f . ; Isis, 1819, t. 12. f. 5, 9.
Frontal bone with horns. Abyssinia.
The specimen described by M. De Blainville.

y. Tear-bag replaced by a glandular line across the face. Muffle
large, bald. Africa.

15. CEPHALOPHUS.

Muffle large. Crumen none, but a naked glandular line,
formed of two series of pores, on the side of the cheek. Crown



MAMMALIA. 77

crested, forming a tuft between the horns. Horns short, conical,
far back on the hinder edge of the frontal bone, and inclined
backwards. Skull without any suborbital fissure, a large sub-
orbital pit occupying the whole side of the cheek; the nasal
bones expanded behind, reaching over on the sides into the sub-
orbital pit ; in other respects like Oreotragus.
Hob. Africa.

Cephalophus, H. Smith, Griffith A. K. v. . 1827 ; Fischer,
Syn. 624 ; Gray, Ann. $ Mag. N. H. 1846, xviii. 162 & 231 ;
Knowsley Menag. 8; Proc. Z. Soc. 1850, 120; Turner, P. Z.
S. 1850 (not Cephalopus, as quoted by Sundevall, Pecora, 66).

Cephalolophus, Wagler.

Cephalophorus, Gray, List Mam. B. M. 162.

Cervicapra, sp., Blainv. Butt. Soc. Phil. 1816; De5m.Mam.458.

Cervicapra, /. Cephalophus, Gervais, I. c. 261, 1840.

Tragulus (pygmseus), Ogilby, P. Z. S. 1836, 138.

Sylvicapra (mergens), Ogilby, P. Z. S. 1836, 138.

Sylvicapra, Sundevall, Pecora, 66.

Tragelaphus, sp., Ruppell, Verz. Senck. 181, 1845.

Orimmia, Laurillard.

Professor Sundevall adopts Mr. Ogilby's name for the genus.
Cephalophus was first used ; but he rejects it, because it is badly
formed. Wagler has emendated Colonel H. Smith's name by
changing it to Cephalolophus. Pecora, 66.

Professor Sundevall has in his specific characters laid some
stress on the direction of the lachrymal streak. I find, on com-
paring different specimens of the same species, that little reliance
can be placed on this character, in stuffed specimens at least, for
the direction of the streak is altered according as the skin of the
face is more or less stretched. Gray, Ann. 4* Mag. N. H. xviii.
163.

" * Knees and hind legs tufted. Ears and horns elongate. Cru-
men under the eyes, and a narrow naked streak on cheeks."

1. CEPHALOPHUS? QUADRISCOPA. FOUR-TUFTED ANTELOPE.

" Buff; paler on the sides. Tail, knee-tuft, front of nose,
narrow inferior lateral and anal streak, and streak across legs,
blackish. Lips, breast, inside of limbs, vent and houghs, white."

Antilope Cephalophus quadriscopa, H. Smith, G. A. K. iv. 261.

t. 188, v. 847 ; Fischer, Syn. 634.
Cephalophus? quadriscopa, Gray, Ann. fy Mag. N. H. 1846, 164;

Knowsley Menag. 8; Proc. Zool. Soc. 1850, 120.
Hab. Senegal.



78 MAMMALIA.

This specimen is only known from Colonel Hamilton Smith's
description and figure, who informs me that the specimen was
not preserved after its death.



** Knees not tufted. Ears elongate, acute. Horns slender, elon-
gate, subangular in front.

2. CEPHALOPHUS GRIMMIA. The IMPOON or DUYKER.

Yellowish brown (greyish in winter). Hair yellowish, with
black tips. Forehead yellowish bay. Inside of ears, chin, throat,
abdomen, inside of fore and hind legs, and under side of tail,
white. Feet, streak on the nose and up the legs, and upper part
of the tail, black. Ears elongate, nearly as long as the head,
acute. Horns black, elongate, slender ; base rugose and suban-
gular in front. Skull small, short. Suborbital pit large, deeply
concave. The intermaxilla (in three specimens) reaching just
up to the edge of the nasals. Nasal hole moderate, sides nearly
parallel.

?Capra sylvestris Africana, N. Grimm, Mis. Cur. Norimb. 1705,

t. 13.

Capra Grimmii, Raii Syn. 80.
Moschus Grimmia, Linn. S. N. i. 92, from Grimm.
Capra Grimmia, Linn. S. N. ed. 10. i. 70, from Grimm.
Antilope (Gazella) Grimmia, Licht. Berl. Mag. vi. 177 (1814).
Antilope Cervicapra Grimmia, Blainv. Bull. Soc. Phil. 1816,

75.
Cephalophus Grimmia, Gray, Ann. fy Mag. N. H. 1846, 163;

Knowsley Menag. 8. t. 1. f. 1, t. 2. f. 1, 2; Proc. Zool. Soc.

1850, 120.
Antilope (Cervicapra) mergens, Blainv. Bull. Soc. Philom. 181 /;

Desm. Mam. 463 ; Licht. Saugth. t. 1 1 ; Burchell, Trav. ii.

187; Fischer, Syn. 468. 635.

A. Cephalophus mergens, H. Smith, G. A. K. v. 849.
Cervicapra (Cephalophus) mergens, Gervais, 1. c. 262.
Antilope nictitans, Thunb. Mem. Petersb. iii. 312, 1811.
Cephalophorus mergens, Gray, List Mamm. B. M. 162.
Sylvicapra mergens, Ogilby, P. Z. Soc. 1836, 138; Sundevall,

Pecora, 66. 133.
Cephalophus mergens (Duiker), Gray, Cat. Osteol. B. M. 57 ;

Harris, W. A. S. A. t. 15. f. 2.
Tragelaphus mergens, Ruppell, Verz. SencJc. 181.
Cephalophorus Burchellii, Gray, List Mamm. B. M. 162.
Duyker or Duykerbok, Dutch at Cape.
Hob. S. Africa. Cape of Good Hope,



MAMMALIA. 79

Far.?

Antilope Cephalophus Platous, H. Smith, G. A. K. iv. t., v. 846.

Antilope (Sylvicultrix) |3. platyotis, Fischer, Syn. 634.

Hab. S. Africa.

Far.?

Ptoox, LicR BerZ. Ma^r. vi. 177.

Antilope Cephalophus Ptoox, H. Smith, G. A. K. v. 850 (young?);

Fischer, Syn. 635.
Hab. S. Africa. Cape of Good Hope.

Adult male and female. South Africa. S. African Museum.
Cephalophorus Burchelli (a. & b.), Gray, List Mam. B. M. 162.

An adult male. S. Africa.
Two young females. S. Africa.

Far. 1 . Back brighter red. Black streak on face from nose to
base of horns. Orbits white. The hairs with short black tips,
and a narrow subapical whitish ring. Shanks whitish.
Hab. Angola. St. Paul de Lolanda.

A male. St. Paul de Lolanda. Presented by Edmund Ga-
briel, Esq.

OSTEOLOGY.

Skull, young male. South Africa.

Skull and horns. South Africa.

*Skull. S. Africa. From Mr. Warwick's Collection.

The specimen in the Museum of the London Missionary So-
ciety (No. 8 Blomfield Street, Moorfields, formerly in Austin
Friars), Case 5, described by Colonel H. Smith under the name
of A. Platous, is the size and has the horns and ears of an adult
C. Grimmia, but differs in being paler, and having no dark co-
lour on the nose or feet ; but it is evidently much bleached. It
has certainly no relation to the C. sylvicultrix, with which Co-
lonel Smith was afterwards inclined to place it as a variety
(see Griff. A. K. Syn. v. 344).

There are three species which have been called Antilope
Grimmia :

1. The Capra sylvestris africana of N. Grimm, Misc. Cur.
Norimb. 1705, 131. t. 13, the authority for Capra Grimmii, Ray,
Syn. 80, and Linn. S. N. ed. 10. 70. Moschus Grimmia, Linn.
S. N. ed. 12, from the Cape, of a dull grey colour. Probably
the Duyker.

2. Le Grimme of Buifon, H. N. xii. 307. 329. t. 41. f. 2, 3,
from a head sent from Senegal by Adanson ; the Antilope Grim-
mia of Desmarest, F. Cuvier, and H. Smith, &c. ; the Cephalo-
phus rufilatus.



80 -MAMMALIA.

3. The A. Grimmia of Pallas, with large ears and a black streak
to the horns, like C. Campbellice, but is from Guinea. I know
of no species common to the W. and S. coast of Africa, so that
it is probably yet to be distinguished.

The " Fitomba" or " Philantomba" appears to be the generic
name of all the W. African Cephalophi or Bush Antelopes.

3. CEPHALOPHUS CAMPBELLI^S. The BLACK-FACED PHI-
LANTOMBA.

Grey and black grisled, beneath white. Cheeks, neck and
chest yellowish. Forehead yellow, with a black streak on the
nose, widening on the forehead, and ending in a tuft of hair be-
hind the horns. Feet and front of the fore legs reddish black.
Fur soft. Hair grey, with a black ring and tips. Ears elongate,
acute.

Cephalophus Campbellise, Gray, Ann. fy Mag. N. H. 1846, 164 ;

Knowsley Menag. 9 ; Proc. Zool Soc. 1850, 121 ; Sundevall,

Pecora, 133.

.Sylvicapra mergens var., Sundevall, Pecora, 133.
Cephalophus Burchellii var. (C. Campbellise), Gray, Cat. Mamm.

B. M. 162.
?Antilope Grimmia, Pallas, Misc. i. t. 1 ; Spic. Zool. i. 38. t. 3.

t. 4. f. 3, xii. 18; Fischer, Syn. 468?
?Le Grimme, Buffon, H. N. Supp. iii. t. 14, from Pallas.
Antilope mergens var. Burchellii, part., Sundevall, Pecora.
Hab. W. Africa.

Adult female. S. Africa. Stockholm Museum.

A young specimen, with the streak up the face to the back of
the forehead. Sierra Leone. Presented by Mrs. A. George
Campbell.

Antilope Carnpbelliae, Gray, MSS. in List Mamm. B. M. 162.
Cephalophorus Burchellii, jun., Gray, List Mamm. B. M. 162.

This species differs from the Duyker by being much darker,
and more distinctly grisled or dotted, and the under side being
much whiter. It may be only a darker variety of that species.

The adult female was sent as A. mergens, var. Burchellii, by
M. Sundevall (the other specimen of the same name being a true
Duyker). The young specimen, which has been in the British
Museum for several years, was sent from Africa, under the ge-
neric name of Philantomba, by Mrs. Ambrose George Campbell.

The A. Grimmia of Pallas, Spic. Zool. i. 18. t. 3, which he
describes as grey grisled, becoming brownish ash on the but-
tocks ; throat, chest and beneath the body white ; head and neck
yellowish grey; a black streak between the horns, forming a



MAMMALIA. 81

fascia on the forehead and broader on the nose ; fur softer than
the Deer, but rough, of lower part of the neck rougher and more
lax ; feet and line on fore-legs blackish ; tail black above ; ears
rather acute : inhabits Guinea ; agrees in most respects with this
species, but most probably is yet to be procured from W. Africa.

OSTEOLOGY.

*A skull. South Africa ; Port Natal. From Stockholm Mu-
seum.

4. CEPHALOPHUS BURCHELLII. BURCHELL'S BUSH Boc.

Fur reddish brown, very slightly black punctated. Face
redder. Throat, chest, legs and belly rather greyer brown. Mid-
dle of the chin, inner side of the thighs, and under side of the
end of the tail, whitish. Short streak up the nose and the front
of the legs black. Skull large, elongate. The intermaxillary not
reaching to the nasal. The suborbital pit very large, rather
shallow. Nasal hole large, swelling out on the side.

Antilope (Cephalophus) Burchellii, A. Smith, Griffith A. K. iv. ,

v. 844 ? ; Fischer, Syn. 635.

Cephalophorus mergens, Gray, List Mamm. B. M. 162.
Cephalophus grimmia var., Gray, Ann. fy Mag. N. H. 1846, 164 ;

Knowsley Menag. ; Proc. Zool. Soc. 1850.
Hab. S.Africa.

A small male (wants cover of horns ; hair of body rather elon-
gate). South Africa.

Young. South Africa. From M. Verreaux' Collection.
A large female (hair shorter, adpressed). S. Africa.

Inhabiting the district more or less densely covered with un-
derwood in Caffreland and the country north of the Orange
River. When interrupted in feeding, or pursued by dogs, it
springs with considerable activity over such bushes as may stand
in its course, and endeavours to plunge into the closest thickets
for concealment ; hence they are called Duiker bok. A. Smith.

OSTEOLOGY.

*Skull of female. Port Natal. From Stockholm Museum.

? Skull and horns. S. Africa. Presented by W. Burchell, Esq.,
LL.D.

Skull of specimen described Burchell, Travels, ii. 337, and A.
Smith, G. A. K. iv., as A. Burchellii.

This species is easily known from either C. Grimmia or C.
Campbellice by its darker colour, and by the under sides and in-
side of the legs being nearly of the same colour as the back, and
not white, as in those species, and also by the shortness of the in-

D 5



82 MAMMALIA.

termaxillary and the width of the nose-hole. There has been a
great difficulty about the determination of the species which
Col. Hamilton Smith intended under the above name. The
imperfect skin which Col. Smith described having lost its hair,
has perished, and the skull alone has been preserved. This skull
exactly agrees with the skull of the species above described in
all its more important characters, but is rather smaller in size ;
and the colour of the fur best agrees with Col. Smith's descrip-
tion, for he observes that the animal is more ashy beneath, while
A. Platous, A. Ptoon and A. mergens are described as white or
whitish beneath.

*** Knees not tufted. Ears moderate, acute. Horns short,
conical, thick.

5. CEPHALOPHUS MADOQUA. The ABYSSINIAN BUSH GOAT.

Yellowish brown, slightly punctulated with black. Neck yel-
lowish. Limbs blacker. Face-streak and feet black. Hair rather
rigid, close-pressed, reddish grey at the base; upper part po-
lished, yellow brown with dark tips. Forehead reddish.

Antilope Madoqua, Ruppell, Faun. Abyss, t. 7- f- 2.
Cephalophus coronatus, part., Gray, Ann. fyMag. N. H. 1846, 164.
Cephalophus Madoqua, Gray, Knowsley Menag. 9 ; Proc. Zool.

Soc. 1850, 121.

Madoqua, Bruce, Travels, vii. 360. t. 56.
Tragelaphus Madoqua, Ruppell, Verz. Senck. 181.
Sylvicapra Madoqua, Sundevall, Pecora, 66.
Hob. Abyssinia. Mus. Frankfort.

This species is very distinct from C. coronatus, being darker,
and the fur more rigid and close-pressed.

6. CEPHALOPHUS CORONATUS. The COQUETOON or RED-

CROWNED BUSH BUCK.

Pale yellowish brown. Middle of the back and front of fore
legs varied, with a few scattered black hairs. Crown light bay.
Crest blackish brown, bay in front. Feet and streak up the nose
blackish. Inside of ears, chin, throat, chest, belly, and inner
side of the legs, whitish. Tip of tail black. Horns short, coni-
cal. Ears acute, about half as long as the head.

Cephalophorus coronatus, Gray, Ann. fy Mag. N. H. x. 1842, 266 ;

Sundevall, Pecora, 67; Gray, Ann. Nat. Hist. 1846, 164;

Knowsley Menag. 9. t. 6. f. 12; Proc. Zool. Soc. 1850, 122.
Sylvicapra coronata, Sundevall, Pecora, 133.
Hob. W. Africa; Gambia; Macarthy's Island : called Coquetoon.



MAMMALIA. 83

Adult, stuffed. West Africa. Gambia. Presented by the Earl
of Derby.

Female, adult.

Young : brighter coloured ; streak on nape more distinct ; tip
of tail black.

OSTEOLOGY.

Skull, adult male. West Africa. Presented by the Earl of
Derby.

Skull, young male. Gambia. Presented by the Earl of Derby.

Two skulls, young. Gambia. Presented by the Earl of Derby.

**** j nees no t tufted. Ears moderate, rounded. Horns conical,
thick, without any streak over the eye.

7. CEPHALOPHUS SYLVICULTRIX. The WHITE-BACKED

BUSH BUCK.

Blackish brown, minutely grey grisled. Hair brown, with
whitish tips. Back with a large yellowish white spot, narrow in
front. Throat, chest and belly redder. Crown, nape and legs
darker. Horns ? Varies in the size of the dorsal spots.

Antilope sylvicultrix, Afzel. Nov. Act. Upsal. vii. 265. t. 8, 1811.
A. Cervicapra sylvicultrix, Desm. Mam. 462; Fischer, Syn. 467.

654.
A. Cephalophus sylvicultrix, H. Smith, Griffith A. K. iv. 258.

t. 187, v. 846.

Cephalophorus sylvicultrix, Gray, Ann. fy Mag. N. H. 1846, 165.
Cephalophus sylvicultrix, Knowsley Menag. 10. t. 23. f. 3, t. 8.

f. 1 ; Proc. Zool Soc. 1850, 120.
Sylvicapra sylvicultrix, Sundevall, Pecora, 67.
Bush Goat, Colonists, Sierra Leone.
Hob. Sierra Leone, in swampy places.

A young male. Sierra Leone. Presented by the Earl of Derby.

8. CEPHALOPHUS OGILBII. TheBLACK-sTRiPED BUSH BUCK.

Pale bay brown, with a deep black dorsal streak, beneath pale.
Crown and haunches brighter bay. Neck, withers and side of
the dorsal line varied with deep brown hairs. Streak up the
fore-legs, upper part of hock, feet above the hoofs, and end of
tail, black. Horns short, thick, conical, very rugose on the inner
front edge of the base.

Antilope Ogilbii, Waterhouse, Proc. Z. S. 1838, 60; 1842, 129.
Cephalophorus Ogilbyi, Gray, List Mamm. B. M. 163.
Cephalophus Ogilbii, Gray, Ann. $ Mag. N. H. 1842, x. 267 ;



84 MAMMALIA.

1846, 165; Knowsley Menag. 10. t. 8. f. 2; Proc. Zool Soc.

1850, 120; Frazer, Zool. Typica, t.
A. Tragelaphus Ogilbyi, Lesson, Nov. Tab. R. A. 181.
Sylvicapra Ogilbii, Sundevall, Pecora, 67.
Hob. Fernando Po.

A male (one horn wanting). Fernando Po. Presented bv
Thomas Thomson, Esq., R.N.

9. CEPHALOPHUS BADIUS. The BAY BUSH BUCK.

Bright yellowish brown. Hair adpressed, flattened. Crown,
nape, bro(l well-defined dorsal streak, and upper part of tail,
black. Legs blackish grey. Spot over orbits, lips, chin and
gullet, whitish. Head very large. Skull broad. Forehead rounded.

Cephalophus dorsalis, Gray, Knowsley Menag. t. 7- f. I, not de-
scription.
Hab. Sierra Leone.

Young male. Sierra Leone; Waterloo. Presented by the
Earl of Derby.

OSTEOLOGY.

Skull. Sierra Leone. Presented by the Earl of Derby.

Very like C. Ogilbii, but darker bay ; the legs are blackish ;
and the neck bright bay and not blackish grey, as in that species.

10. CEPHALOPHUS DORSALIS. The BAY BUSH GOAT.

Dark bay ; shoulders and legs darker. Hair brown ; a* few on
the haunches white-tipped. Crown and nape, a broad dorsal
streak to tail, black. A spot over each eye, the lips, sides of
chin, front of chest, under side of tail, and inside of the thighs,
pale brown.

Cephalophus dorsalis, Gray, Ann. fy Mag. N. H. 1846, 165;

Knowsley Menag. 10 (not fig. t. 7. f. 1); Proc. Z. Soc. 1850,

123; Sundevall, Pecora, 134.
Bush Goat, Colonists.
Hab. Sierra Leone.

A young male. Sierra Leone. From Surrey Zool. Gardens.

11. CEPHALOPHUS NIGER. The BLACK BUSH BUCK.

Sooty black ; greyer in front half of body. Chin, throat, ab-
domen, and inside of the thighs, grey. Forehead and crown dark
bay and black mixed. Cheek pale brown, black varied. Tail,
end whitish.

Cephalophus niger, Gray, Ann. fy Mag. N. H. 1846, 165; List



MAMMALIA. 85

Osteol. Spec. 57; Knowsley Menag. 10. t. 7- f. 2; Proc. Zool.

Soc. 1850, 123; Sundevall, Pecora, 134.
Antilope niger, Temm. Mus. Leyden.
Hob. Guinea.

A male, half-grown. Coast of Guinea. From Leyden Museum.
OSTEOLOGY. Leg-bones, imperfect.

12. CEPHALOPHUS NATALENSIS. The NATAL BUSH BUCK

or RHOODE BOK.

Bright red bay. Nape, withers and feet varied with dark grey
hairs. Nose-streak short, blackish. Lips, chin, upper part of
throat, and end of tail, whitish. Lower part of cheek, throat and
abdomen, pale yellowish. Crown and tuft bright red. Horns
short, conical.

Antilope Natalensis, A. Smith, S. African Quart. Journ. 217;

Illust. Zool. S. Africa, t. 32.

Cephalophorus Natalensis, Gray, List Mamm. B. M. 167.
Cephalophus Natalensis, Gray, Ann. fy Mag. N. H. 1846, 165;

Knowsley Menag. 10.

Sylvicapra Natalensis, Sundevall, Pecora, 66.
Hab. S.Africa; Port Natal.

Male and two females. Port Natal. From Dr. Krauss' Col-
lection.

Female. Port Natal. From the South African Museum.
Male. Port Natal. From Mr. Williams's Collection.

OSTEOLOGY.

Skulls. Port Natal. From Mr. Warwick's Collection.

A. Natalensis inhabits the forests about Port Natal and coun-
try more to the eastward, living in thick brushwood which blocks
up the intervals between the larger trees; they feed on grass,
the young shoots of trees, and the more delicate twigs of the
smaller shrubs. They take the place the Little Blue Antelope
occupies at the Cape. A. Smith.

13. CEPHALOPHUS RUFILATUS. The COQUETOON.

Deep reddish bay. Legs, nape, streak on the nose to the
crown, and broad streak on back, blackish grey. Ears blackish.
Crest and upper part of tail black. Cheeks rather paler. Chin
and abdomen pale yellowish. Inside of ears whitish, with a brown
spot on the outer side. Horns conical, rather elongate, obscure
annulated, slightly recurved.

Antilope (Cephalophus) Grimmia, H. Smith, G. A. K. v. 266.



86 MAMMALIA.

Cephalophus rufilatus, Gray, Ann. fy Mag. N. H. 1846, 166;

List Osteol B. M. 56; Knowsley Menag. 10. t. 9; Proc.Zool

Soc. 1850, 123.
Le Grimme, Buffon, H. N. xii. t. 41. f. 2, 3.

Var. 1. Sides paler, greyish red; forehead rough.

Le Grimme (Antilope Grimmia), F. Cuvier, Mam. Lithog. t. ,

not good (not separate head).
Cephalophus rufilatus var. 1, Gray, Knowsley Menag.; Proc.

Zool. Soc. 1850, 124.
Hob. Sierra Leone.

Two females, young. Gambia. Presented by the Earl of Derby.

OSTEOLOGY.

? Grimme, Daub. Buffon H. N. xii. t. 41. f. 2, 3.

* Skull. West Africa. Presented by the Earl of Derby.

*Skull. Gambia. Presented by the Earl of Derby.

The hair is rather paler at the base, of the dorsal streak grey,
with a blackish tip.

M. F. Cuvier's (Mamm. Lithog. t. ) figure is the pale variety,
which Mr. Whitfield regards as distinct; he says it is called
Grimme by the natives : the separate head of Cuvier's plate ap-
pears to have been taken from the Guevei.

***** Knees not tufted. Ears moderate, rounded. Head with a
pale streak on each side over the eyes to the base of the horns.
Horns short, thick, conical. Guevei.

14. CEPHALOPHUS MAXWELLII. The GUEVEI.

Grey brown or sooty black. Sides of the head and body greyer.
Chin, throat, chest and belly whitish grey. Abdomen and front
of thighs white. Feet and end of nose rather darker. Fur rather
rigid. Hair uniform. Broad streak over each eye to the base of
the horns yellowish white.

Antilope (Cephalophus) Maxwellii, H. Smith, G. A. K. v. 852;

Fischer, Syn. 637.

Cervicapra Cephalophus Maxwellii, Gervais.
Cephalophus Maxwellii, Gray, Ann. fy Mag. N. H. 1846, 166;

Knowsley Menag. 11.

Antilope pygmea, Pallas, Spic. Zool. xii. 18 ?
Cephalophorus cseruleus, part., Gray, List Mamm. B. M. 163.
Guevei, Buffon, H. N.

Guevei (Antilope pygmea), F. Cuvier, Mam. Lithog. t., good.
La Grimme (separate head), F. Cuvier, Mam. Lithog. t.
Antilope Fredericei, Laur.



MAMMALIA. 8?

Sylvicapra Frederic!, Sundevall, Pecora, 66. 133.

A. monticola var., Thunb. Stockh. N. H. xxxii.

Antilope Philantomba, Ogilby, P. Z. Soc. 1836, 121; 1839, 27.

Chevrotain du Senegal, Buffon, H. N. xii. 315. t. 43. f. 2, horns.

Petite bisches, Adans. Seneg. 114.

Royal Antelope, Penn. Syn. 28 ; Quad. i. 82.

Pygmy Antelope, Shaw, Zool. ii. 326. t. 188.

Guevei, Guinea.

Hab. West Africa ; Senegal ; Gambia.

Males (horns large). W. Africa. Presented by the Earl of
Derby.

Half-grown, bright. Sierra Leone. Presented by Col. Edward
Sabine, R.E.

A. Maxwellii, H, Smith, Griffith A. K. v. 852?
Cephalophorus cseruleus, part., Gray, List Mamm. B. M. 163.

15. CEPHALOPHUS PYGMEA. The NOUMETZI or CAPE
GUEVEI.

Grey brown. Streak over the eye, legs, and outer part of
thighs, rufous. Feet grey brown. Chin, chest, abdomen and
under side of tail, and inside of ears, white. Fur soft, grey, with
intermixed rather rigid black hairs.

Antilope monticola, Thunb. Mem. Acad. Petersb. iii. 315, 1811 ;

Stockh. N. H. xxii. t. 5, 1811.
Antilope Cephalophus caerulea, H. Smith, G. A. K. v. 853;

Fischer, Syn. 637 ; Harris, Wild Anim. Afr. t. 26.
Blauwbokje, Dutch at Cape of Good Hope-, Daniel, Scenery S.

Africa, t.
Antilope (Cephalophus) perpusilla, H. Smith, G. A. K. v. 854 ;

Fischer, Syn. 637.

Cephalophorus cseruleus, Gray, List Mamm. B. M. 163.
Capra pygmea, Linn. S. N. ed. 10.
Antilope pygmea, Schreb. Saugth. 1237. t. 260 B.
A. Gazella pygmea, part., Licht. Berl. Mag. vi. 178; Saugth.

t. 16, not Pallas-, Desm. Mam. 465; Fischer, Syn. 469. 638.
A. Cephalophus pygmea, H. Smith, G. A. K. v. 856.
A. Cervicapra pygmea, Blainv. B. S. Phil. 1816, 75.
Tragulus pygmeus, Ogilby, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1836, 138.
Sylvicapra pygmea, Sundevall, Pecora, 66. 122.
? Antilope minuta, Forster, MSS.
Cephalophus monticolus, Gray, List Skelet. B. M. 57.
Tragelaphus pygmeus, Ruppell, Verz. Senck. 181.
Cervus juvencus perpusillus, Seba, Thes. i. 70. t. 43. f. 5.
Hab. South Africa.



MAMMALIA.

A male. South Africa.

A young male, brighter. South Africa. From M. Verreaux'
Collection.

A female (one horn deficient), larger. South Africa.

ANAT. Skeleton.

16. CEPHALOPHUS MELANORHEUS. The BLACK-RUMPED
GUEVEI.

Grey brown. Throat and sides paler. Rump and upper part
of tail black. Chin, chest, abdomen, back and front edge of
thighs, and under part of tail, white. Narrow streak over the
eyes whitish. Feet like back. Fur soft, pale grey, with inter-
mixed rather rigid black hairs.

Cephalophus melanorheus, Gray, Ann. Mag. N. H. 1846,
166; Knowsley Menag. 11. t. 10; Sundevall, Pecora, 134.

Cephalophorus Philantomba (The Guevi), Gray, Cat. Mam. B. M.
163, not H. Smith.



Online LibraryBritish Museum (Natural History). Dept. of ZoologyCatalogue of the specimens of Mammalia in the collection of the British Museum (Volume 3) → online text (page 8 of 25)