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Catalogue of the specimens of Mammalia in the collection of the British Museum (Volume 3) online

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Hab. Fernando Po.

Male and two females. Fernando Po. Presented by Thomas
Thomson, Esq., R.N.

Note. Antilope (Cephalophus) Philantomba, H. Smith, G.A.
K. v. 855 ; Fischer, Syn. 637 appears to be a doubtful species.

17- CEPHALOPHUS PUNCTULATUS. The GRISLED GUEVEI.

Dark fulvous brown ; sides and legs rather paler. Narrow
streak over the eyes and inside of ears pale brown. Chin, throat,
chest, belly, front of thighs, and under part of tail, white. Hair
grey at the base, with brown ends and yellow subterminal rings.
Crown and upper part of tail darker. Feet pale varied.

Cephalophus punctulatus, Gray, Ann. fy Mag. N. H. 1846, 166 ;

Knowsley Menag. t. 11. f. 1; not t. 8. f. 1, as quoted.
Hab. Sierra Leone.

A young specimen (female?). Sierra Leone. Presented by
Capt. Sabine.

18. CEPHALOPHUS WHITFIELDII. The WHITE-FOOTED
GUEVEI.

Yellowish ash. Shoulders, outside of limbs, and hinder part
of back, rather darker. Ears and crown pale yellowish brown.
Streak over the eyes, cheeks, throat, belly, inside of the limbs,
and ring round the feet above the hoofs, ashy white. Hair ashy
grey ; of the back brown at the end, with a yellow tip.



MAMMALIA. 89

Cephalophus Whitfieldii, Gray, Knowsley Menag. 12. t. 11. f. 2.
Hab. W. Africa; Gambia.

A young specimen. Gambia. Presented by the Earl of Derby.

8. Crumen none, no glandular streak on face. Muffle large, moist.
Crown smooth.

16. NANOTRAGUS.

Horns very short, conical. Crown not crested. Ears small,
rounded. Tear-bag none. Legs slender. Tail subpectinate.
Hoofs small, triangular. False hoofs none.

Antilope subgen. Spinigera, Lesson, Nov. Tab. R. A. 178, 1842,

not described.
Nanotragus, Sundevall, Pecora, 67. 134 ; Gray, Ann. fy Mag.

N. H. 1846, 231 ; Knowsley Menag. 12.
Neotragus, sp., Wagner.

Cephalophorus, sp. ?, Gray, List Mamm. B. M. 163.
Tragulus, sp., Klein, Quad. 22; Brisson, R. A. i. 65; not Gray,

Ant. spinigera.
Antilope, sp., Pallas.
Capra, sp., Linn.

Moschus, sp., Linn. S. N. ed. 12. 92, 1766; Erxleb. 1788.
Neotragus, sp., H. Smith, Griffith A. K. v. 182.

1. NANOTRAGUS PERPUSILLUS. The ROYAL ANTELOPE.
Fulvous. Throat, belly, edge of thigh and tip of tail, white.

Capra perpusilla, Linn. Mus. Adolph. Fred. i. 12, fide spec. Linn.
Cervus Guinensis, Linn. Mus. Adolph. 12; 8. N. (from Seba,

t. 45. f. 1).

Cervus stylocerus Guinensis, Lesson, Mamm. x. 276.
Cephalophorus? pygmeus, Gray, List Mamm. B. M. 163.
Antilope regia, Erocleb. Syst. 278, from Buffon.
Antilope spinigera, Temm. Menag. Mamm. i. xxx. 1827 ; Fischer,

Syn. 469 ; Wagner, Sup. 457.
Nanotragus regius, Sundevall, Pecora, 67 ; Gray, Knowsley

Menag. 12.

Antilope pygmea, Pallas, Spic. Zool. xii. 18, from Buffon.
Nanotragus spiniger, Sundevall, Pecora, 67, 121.
Moschus pygmeus, Linn. S. N. i. 92 (see Sundevall, Pecora

116); Schreb. Saugth. 956. t. 244.
Antilope Gazella pygmea, Licht. Berl. Mag. vi. 178.
Tragulus Guinensis, Brisson, from Seba, t. 45. f. 1; Klein.
Cerva parvula africana, &c., Seba, Thes. i. 70. t. 43. f. 1-3 A, B.



90 MAMMALIA.

Hinnulus s. Cervus pergracilis, Seba, Thes. i. 70. t. 43. f. 2.

Cervus africanus pilo rubro, Seba, Thes. i. 73. t. 45. f. 1.

? Klein Hirschen, &c., Mus. Bareuth. 5. t. 5.

Chevrotain d'Afrique, Bufon, H. N. xii. 310-341. t. 42. f. 2,

horn, f. 3-6, feet.
Royal Antelope, Penn. Syn.
Guinea Musk, Penn. Syn. 59 ; Quad. i. 127-
Pygmy Musk, Shaw, Zool. ii. 254.

Antilope (Spinigera) spinigera, Lesson, Nov. Tab. R. A. 178.
Hob. W. Africa; Guinea.

A young specimen, stuffed, formerly in spirits, discoloured.
W. Africa; Guinea.

17. PELEA.

Horns conical, erect, slender, scarcely diverging, bent for-
ward at the tip. Face narrow, elongate. Nose swollen. Muffle
large, extended far behind the nostrils. Crumen none. Fur soft,
woolly. Hoofs and false hoofs rather large. Inguinal pores di-
stinct. Teats four.

Hob. Africa.

Eleotragus, 1. Pelea, Gray, Knowsley Menag. ; Proc. Zool. Soc.

1849, 126.

Tragelaphus, sp., Ruppell, Verz. Senck. 181.
Eleotragus, sp., Gray, Ann. fy Mag. N. H. 1846, 232; Turner,

Proc. Zool. Soc. 1848.
A. Gazella, sp., Licht. Berl. Mag. vi. 247, 1814.

1. PELEA CAPREOLA. The REHBOCK or PEELE.

Head slender, compressed. Temple-spot none. Horns erect,
scarcely diverging, very slender. Fur short, soft, woolly, grey
brown. Back redder. Throat and beneath whiter. End of nose
and chin blackish. Feet darker.

Antilope (Gazella) Capreolus, Licht. Berl. Mag. vi. 147, 1814;

Saugth. t.8; Thunb. Afzel. Nov. Act. Upsal. vii. 25?, 1816;

Schreb. Saugth. 1230; Thunb. Mem. Petersb. iii. 312; Harris,

W. A. Africa, t. 28. f. 1 ; Desm. Mam. 461 ; Fischer, Syn.

467.
Eleotragus (Pelea) Capreolus, Gray, Ann. fy Mag. N. H. 1846,

232; Knowsley Menag. t. 12; Proc. Zool. Soc. 1849, 126.
Antilope lanata, Desmoul. Diet. Class. H. N. i. 445. t.
Antilope villosa, Burchell, Travels, ii. 302, 1822.
A. redunca villosa, H. Smith, G. A. K. v. 835.
Rehbock, Dutch; Sparrm. Reise, 517.
Eleotragus villosus, Gray, List Mamm. B. M. 165.



MAMMALIA, 91

Eleotragus Capreolus, Gray, List Osteol. B. M. 57.
Tragelaphus Capreolus, Ruppell, Verz. Senck. 181.
Hab. South Africa.

Male. S. Africa. Presented by W. Burchell, Esq., LL.D.
Female. S. Africa.
Young. S. Africa.

OSTEOLOGY.
Head and horns. South Africa. Presented by Dr. Burchell.

18. ELEOTRAGUS.

Horns conical, thick, diverging, bent back and then bent for-
wards at the tip. Face broad. Nose not swollen. Muffle rather
large. Crumen none. Fur harsh, of back more or less whorled.
Hoofs and false hoofs rather large. Inguinal pores distinct.
Teats four. Skull : " Nasal opening rather lengthened, the nasal
processes of the intermaxillary bones long, yet not always reach-
ing the nasal bones ; a large infraorbital fissure, but no fossa ;
the masseteric ridge ascending rather high ; the auditory bulla
large and swollen ; the basioccipital bone with its median groove
and tubercles well developed ; the median incisors expanded at
their summits ; a well- developed supplemental lobe in the first
true molar of each jaw, and usually more or less appearance of
it in those behind." Turner.

Hab. Africa, in marshy places.

Redunca, sp., H. Smith, Griffith A. K. v. , 1827 ; Fischer, Syn.

624.
Eleotragus 1, Gray, Ann. fy Mag. N. H. 1846, 232; Knowsley

Menag. 12.

Eleotragus, sp., Turner, P. Z. S. 1850.
Cervicapra, sp., Blainville, Butt. Soc. Phil. 1816.
Cervicapra, a and /3, Sundevall, Pecora, 60.
Cervicapra b. Redunca, sp., Gervais, Supp. D. S. N. i. 261,

1840.

Nagor, Laurillard.
Sylvicapra, Ogilby, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1836.

f Fur grisled, harsh, straight, with a subterminal pale band,
and often whorled. Head broad. Temple with a naked spot.
Muffle large, flat, extending behind the nostrils. S. Africa.

1. ELEOTRAGUS ARUNDINACEUS. INGHALLA or RIETBOCK.

Head broad. Temple-spot naked. Horns divergent, conical,

tapering. Fur brown yellow, grisled. Hair pale brown, with a



92 MAMMALIA.

subterminal yellow band. Cheeks and neck yellower. Base of
ears, chest, belly, inside of the legs, and under side of the bushy
tail, white. Front of legs black. Hair of back forms a round
or elongate whorl.

Antilope arundinacea, Shaw, Zool. ii. 347 . t. 193, lower fig.;

Bechst.

Antilope Eleotragus, Schreb. Saugth. 1225. t. 266.
A. gazella Eleotragus, Licht. Bert. Mag. vi. 173; Saugth. t. 9;

Thunb. Mem. Petersb. iii. 314; Desm. Mam. 459; Fischer,

Syn. 465. 633.
A. redunca Eleotragus, H. Smith, G. A. K. v. 832 ; Harris, W.

A. Africa, t. 26.

A. Cervicapra Eleotragus, Blainv. B. S. Phil 1816, 75.
Eleotragus arundinacea, Gray, List Osteol. Spec. B. M. 57-
Antilope redunca, H. Smith, G. A. K. v. 833.
Eleotragus reduncus, Gray, List Mam. B. M. 165.
Eleotragus arundinaceus, Gray, Ann. fy Mag. N. H. 1846, 232 ;

Knowsley Menag. 12; P. Zool. Soc. 1849, 127; Turner, P.

Z. S. 1848.

Antilope cinerea, Afzelius, Nov. Act. Upsal. vii. 244, 1815.
Ritbock, Allam. Buff. H. N. Supp. v. 34. t. 13, 14 ; vi. t. 31, 32 ;

Penn. Quad. i. 81.

Redunca Eleotragus, Euppell, Verz. Senck. 182, 1845.
Cinereous Antelope, Penn. Syn. 86.
9 Antilope Lalandia, Desmoul. Diet. Class. H. N. i. 445.
Antilope Lalandiana, Desmar. Mam. 462.
Antilope Lalandii, Fischer, Syn. 467.
Hab. South Africa; Cape of Good Hope.

Female (hair in the front of the dorsal line twisted, face rather
darker). S. Africa.

Female (hair of the dorsal line to the loins twisted). S.
Africa.

Male and female, adult, stuffed. S. Africa.

Skull. S. Africa.

OSTEOLOGY.

* Skull, female. South Africa.

Horns. South Africa.

Two skulls. S. Africa. Presented by W. Burchell, Esq., LL.D.

Horns. S. Africa. From Mr. Argent's Collection.

Var. 1. Larger.

Antilope Isabellina, Afzel. Nov. Act. Upsal. vii. 244, 1815;

Schreb. Saugth. 27 ; Licht. Saugth. t. 10.
A. redunca Isabellina, H. Smith, G. A. K. v. 832.



MAMMALIA. 93

Cervicapra Isabellina, Sundevall, Pecora, 70.

Antilope Eleotragus y. Isabellina, Fischer, Syn. 435. 465.

Var. 2. With a large black rhombic spot on the back of the head
behind the ears; female. Gray in Knowsley Menag. 13.

Afzelius, Lichtenstein, H. Smith and Sundevall have described
two species of this genus as coming from South Africa; the 1
smaller they call A. Eleotragus, and the larger A. Isabellina.
The latter author has given a comparative character between the
two kinds, but he has only seen two specimens of the former (a
male at Berlin and a female at Stockholm), and several speci-
mens of the larger kind. I have examined with care a series
consisting of four males and five females from different parts of
South Africa, and can find no distinction between them, except
a slight difference in the length of the fur and in its colour. Two
specimens in the British Museum are larger than the rest, and
have the tarsus one-fourth longer than the others ; they have a
shorter fur and are of a rather brighter colour, and the front of
the leg is blacker ; but the fur and colour probably depend on
the season when they were killed. In these respects they agree
with Sundevall's description of A. Isabellina, but they both have
the temporal spot large and quite naked, while Prof. Sundevall
described the spot on this species as pubescent. The female
of the larger specimen has the black spot on the back of the
head; some of the smaller ones have the temple-spot much
smaller and less naked than the others. The two larger speci-
mens have a single whorl of hair in the middle of the back ; the
others, with longer hair, show the whorls more distinctly, and
have the hair from the central whorls to the shoulders forming a
more or less diverging line. After examining these specimens
and those in other colfections, I conclude that they form only a
single species. M. Sundevall, in a note just received, observes,
" Mr. Wahlberg considers A. Isabellina and A. Eleotragus as
very distinct, and our specimens seem to show a difference,
though not very well expressed. Also I have committed a mis-
take, for the young female described in my Synopsis as y. under
A. Isabellina\$ really A. Eleotragus."

Riet or Reed Bok (Eleotragus) lives in reedy marshes, and in
the grass of damp flats, in which it lies close until actually put
up by the hunter or his dogs, and even then rarely running be-
yond musket range ; hence it has been nearly exterminated near
the colony.

The Rooye Rhee Bok inhabits the rugged slopes of high moun-
tains, and the summits of those of less elevation, from the east-
ern district of the Cape colony to the Tropic of Capricorn, living
in small herds. Andrew Smith.



94 MAMMALIA.

tf Fur not grisled. Hair grey, yellow tipped. Head broad.
Muffle small, scarcely extending beyond the nostril behind.
Tail only slightly bushy. N. and W. Africa.

2. ELEOTRAGUS REDUNCUS. The WONTO or NAGOR.

Head broad. Horns conical, thick at the base, diverging.
Fulvous brown, rather pale on the sides. Hair soft, grey, yellow
tipped, all in regular order. Chin, throat, spot under the ear and
over the eye, inside of limbs, under side of tail and lower side
of the body, white. Front of legs sometimes blackish.

Antilope redunca, Pallas, Spic. i. 8 (horn Buffon, Nagor, xii. 13);

Gmelin, S. N. i. 184.
A. vera redunca, Licht. Eerl. Mag. vi. 170; Schreb. Saugth.

1200. t. 265.
A. Cervicapra redunca, Blainv. B. S. Phil. 1816, 75; Desm.

Mam. 458 ; Fischer, Syn. 464. 631 ; Ruppell, Abyss, t. 7, good.
A. rufa, Afzelius, Act. Holm. 1815, 250, from Buffon.
Eleotragus reduncus, Gray, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1849, 127 ; Knows-

ley Menag. 13. t. 13.
Antilope reversa, Pallas, Misc. 5.

Eleotragus reduncus, Gray, Ann. fy Mag. N. H. 1846, 232.
Eleotragus isabellinus, Gray, List Mam. B. M. 165.
Nagor, Buffon, H. N. xii. 326. t. 46? cop. E. M. t. 51. f. 2.
Redunca Nagor, Ruppell, Verz. Senck. Samml. 182, 1845.
Red Antelope, Penn. Syn. 30 ; Quad. i. 86 ; Shaw, Zool. ii. 360.
9 Oureby, F. Cuv. Mam. Lithog. t.
Hob. W.Africa; Senegal; Gambia; called Wonto.

Var. 1. Larger, brighter coloured.

Antilope Bohor, Ruppell, Faun. Abyss, t. 7 ; Sundevall, Pecora.

Eleotragus reduncus var., Gray, Knowsley Menag. 13; Proc.

Zool. Soc. 1849, 128.

Redunca Bohor, Ruppell, Verz. Senck. Samml 182, 1845.
Hob. Abyssinia. Mus. Frankfort.

A male. W. Africa.

A male. W. Africa ; Gambia.

A fawn. W. Africa ; Gambia.

Pallas and Afzelius's account of this species is derived from
Buffon' s description ; both he and Adanson (Hist. Nat. xii. 326)
say that it is " all pale red," and Buffon further observes that it
has not the white on the belly of the Gazelles. This does not
agree with our animal, which is white in several parts, but cer-
tainly not so white as the Gazelle, and has black on the legs ;
but as yet no other animal has been brought from West Africa
which better agrees with their account or figure.



MAMMALIA. 95

M. Sundevall considers specimens of the Nagor of Senegal
and the Bohor of Abyssinia, in the Frankfort Museum, as di-
stinct, the former having the hair of the back whorled, the fore-
leg with a dark stripe, and the latter having the hair not whorled
and the legs pale. Our specimens, from Gambia, have the hair
not whorled, and more or less distinct streaks on the fore-legs ;
hence I am inclined to believe the Nagor and the Bohor to be
alike. Sundevall' s animal may be the Kob, but that has only
one whorl on each end of the back, a nearly cervine muffle, and
the end of the tail black.

When in Frankfort, I observed that the male Antilope Bohor,
from Abyssinia, was rather larger than the male of "A. redunca"
from Senegal, in the same collection, and much brighter, and the
horns more slender ; the female was darker and browner than
the male ; both sexes have more black on the carpus and tarsus
than the specimen of A. redunca in the same Museum.

Note. Antilope fulvo-rufula, Afzel. N. Act. Upsal. vii. 289 ;
A. Eleotragus var. fulvo-rufula, Fischer, Syn. 465; Ritbock
var., Allam. Buffon H. N. Supp. v. 34; Braunroth Antelope,
Schreb. Saugth. 1226 is a very doubtful species, if not the
same as the former.

RAPHICERUS.

Raphicerus (acuticornis), H . Smith, Griffith A. K. v. 842, 1822 ;
Fischer, Syn. ii. 624.

Is a very doubtful genus. Colonel Hamilton Smith formed it
for two pairs of horns on part of the frontal bones in the College
of Surgeons, which he called Raphicerus acuticornis and R. sub-
ulata (Griffith, A. K. 1. 181. f. 2. 1). The figures are not suffi-
cient to identify the species, and we now know that the horns of
the same species differ greatly in individuals of the same species,
and during the growth of the same specimen. R. acuticornis
may be the horns of the Duyker Boc, Ceph. Grimmia ?

1. Antilope Cervicapra acuticornis, Blainv. Bull. Soc. Phil. 1816,

75-78; Journ. Phys. 1818, t. . f. ; Isis, 1819, t. 12.

f. 3.
A. Raphicerus acuticornis, H. Smith, Griffith A. K. iv. 198. t.,

v. 842; Desm. Mam. 460; Fischer, Syn. 466. 633.
Cephalophus Grimmia?
Hab. . Skull Mus. Coll. Surg.

2. Antilope (Raphicerus) subulata, H. Smith, G. A. K. iv. 198.

1. 181. f. 1, 2, skull; v. 843; Fischer, Syn. 633.
Hab. . Skull.



96 MAMMALIA.

Cervine Antelopes. Body rather heavy. Tail elongated, with
short hair at the base, and a tuft of longer hair at the tip.
Horns elongate. Generally of a large size.

Cervine Antelopes (Antilopese Cervinae), Gray, Ann. fy Mag. N.
H. 1846, 232; Knowsley Menag. 14; Proc. Zool Soc. 1849,
128.

a. Neck not maned.

19. ADENOTA.

Muffle cervine, cordate, moderate. Nose hairy between and
over the nostrils. Horns sublyrate, ringed ; when young recurved.
Tear-bag none, or covered by a tuft of hair. Hair of back
whorled, of dorsal line and back of head reversed. Tail elon-
gate, hairy.

A. Gazella, sp., Blainv. Bull. Soc. Phil. 1816, 75.

Antilope (Antilope), sp., H. Smith, G. A. K. v. ; Fischer,

Syn. 624.
Adenota, Gray, Knowsley Menag. 14, 1849; Proc. Zool. Soc.

1849, 129.

This genus is very like Eleotragus, but has a smaller, more
cervine muzzle and lyrated horns ; it differs from Kobus in the
form of the tail, and wanting the mane, and from both in having
a tuft of hair in the front of the orbit.

* Horns short. Tail short, hairy.

1. ADENOTA KOB. The ^EQUITOON.

Pale brown. End of nose, inside of ears, chest, belly, inside
of legs and thighs, tip of tail, end band above hoofs, white.
Front of fore and hind legs, and end of ears and tail, black.
Hair of dorsal line reversed, with a whorl on the shoulder and
loins.

Antilope Kob, Erxl. Syst. 293, from Buffon ; Desm. Mamm. 457;

Fischer, Syn. 463; Ogilby, P. Z. S. 1836.
A. Gazella Kob, Blainv. Bull. S. Phil. 1816, 75.
A. Antilope adenota, H. Smith, G. A. K. iv. 224. t. 184, t. 183.

f. 3, 4, horns? v. 828; Fischer, Syn. 626, not Syn.
Antilope defassa jun., Ruppell.
Kob, Buffon, H. N. xii. 210. 267. t. 32. f. 1, skull.
Gambian Antelope, Penn. Syn. 39; Shaw, Zool. ii. 338, from

Buffon.
Kobus Adansonii, A. Smith, S. African Quart. Journ. ,

from Buffon.



MAMMALIA. 97

Antilope annulipes, Gray, Ann. Sf Mag. Nat. Hist. 1843, x. 267-

Antelope Kob, Ogilby, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1836, 103.

Adenota Kob, Gray, Knowsley Menag. 14. 1. 14, 15; Proc. Zool.

Soc. 1849, 129.

Petit Vache brune, Adanson, MSS.
Kob, Mandingoes.
^Equitoon, loliffs.
Hab. West Africa ; Gambia.

Far.? Hair longer; sides of face whitish. A female.
Kolus Sing-Sing, Gray, List Mam. B. M. 159 (not Bennett).
Adenota Kob, var., Gray, Knowsley Menag. 14; Proc. Zool. Soc.

1849, 129.

Antilope Koba, Ogilby, Penny Ency. fig.
Hab. E. Africa.

Female. E. Africa. Presented by Edward Cross, Esq. (Fi-
gured by Mr. Ogilby in the Penny Ency. as A. Koba.)

Half-grown male. Gambia. Presented by the Earl of Derby.
Female and young. Gambia. Presented by the Earl of Derby.

OSTEOLOGY.

Skull, male. Gambia. Presented by the Earl of Derby.
Skull, young. Gambia. Presented by the Earl of Derby.
Kob, Daub. H. N. xii. t. 32. f. 1.

Mr. Gray observes, " A fine pair has been at Knowsley some
years. Thinking them new, I described them as A. annulipes.
Mr. Ogilby has called it the Nagor, but it is scarcely the Nagor
of Buffon. An adult male noticed by Mr. Ogilby as the Kob is
now in the Museum of the Zoological Society ; its horns, like
the male at Knowsley, are much worn down. They whistle like a
stag.

" Buffon (H. N. xii. 219. 267. t. 32. f. 1) figures a skull with
horns, brought from Senegal by Adanson, under the name of
Kob, which is also called the Petit Vache brune. Erxleben gave
this figure the name of A . Kob, and Pennant called it the Gam-
bian Antelope, Syn. i. 39. The figures somewhat resemble the
head of a half-grown male of this species, but the horns are
longer, and have more rings than the specimen in the British
Museum; but I am inclined to agree with Mr. Ogilby in be-
lieving that it was intended for this species. In the Jardin des
Plantes they called the Sing- Sing the Kob of Senegal; this may
be a mistake for the Koba. I may remark that the horns of the
Koba in the same plate of Buffon are represented with more
rings than are mentioned in the description.

" Colonel Hamilton Smith describes and figures a male and
female specimen which were alive in Exeter Change, and figures

E



98 MAMMALIA.

the male and its skull and horns under the name of A . adenota,
which well agrees with this species, and has the peculiar distri-
bution of its hair ; hence its name : but he says, it has ( a long
open suborbital slit, and small black brushes on the knees ;' but
this I suspect must be a mistake, as he himself observes that no
lacrymal cavity was found in the skull. He might have mistaken
the tuft of hair for the gland at the distance at which he saw the
specimens. He also (G. A. K. iv. 221) described a specimen
which was in Exeter Change, which he regarded as the Gambian
Antelope of Pennant, and calls A. forfex. His characters agree
in most particulars with this species, but he says it had ' a long
lacrymal sinus, and had small brushes on the knees.' If there
was not some mistake in transcribing these descriptions, both
these animals should be Gazellas, but I have never seen any
which agreed with them.

" The young male in the British Museum shows the develop-
ment of the horns of these animals. The upper rings of the
growing horn fall off in large thick flakes as the horn increases
in size beneath : this explains how the extent of the smooth ta-
pering part of the horns increases in length as the horn grows,
and how the number of rings are found to be nearly the same in
the various ages, and different individuals of the various species.
Mr. Whitfield informs me that the scrotum is rarely developed
or dependent externally in different kinds of Antelopes before
they have completed their first year."

The Antilope (Antilope) forfex, H. Smith, Griffith A. K. iv.
221, v. 827; Fischer, Syn. Mam. 627 ; which has been compared
with this species, is perhaps a young Gazella.

** Horns elongate, recurved at the tip. Tail slender, tufted at
the end.

2. ADENOTA LECHEE. The LECHEE.

Pale brown. Orbit and lower part of body whitish. Front of
legs dark brown. Horns elongated, strongly nodose in front.
Withers with a small roundish whorl of hair.

Lechee, Qswell, Journ. Roy. Geogr. Soc. xx. 150, 1850.
Eleotragus, sp., Turner, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1848.
Kobus Lechee, Knowsley Menag. 23, 1849.
Adenota Lechee, Gray, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1849, 130.
Hab. South Africa ; banks of river Zouga, lat. 22 S.

A male. S. Africa; banks of the river Zouga, lat. 21. Pre-
sented by Capt. Frank Vardon, Madras Army.

This animal is nearly as large as the Water Buck. The horns



MAMMALIA. 99

are very like those of that animal; the neck is covered with
short adpressed hair, and has no appearance of a mane.

b. Neck maned on the sides.

20. KOBUS.

Horns elongate, sublyrate, bent back and then forwards at the
tip. Muffle cervine. Tear-bag none. Inguinal pores none. Hair
rough, elongate. Neck covered with longer diverging and droop-
ing hair. Tail rather elongated, depressed, hairy on the sides
and below. Females hornless. Teats 4.

Kobus, H. Smith in Griffith A. K. v. ; Gray, Ann. fy Mag. N.
H. 1 846, 232; Knowsley Menag. 15 ; Proc. Zool. Soc. 1849, 130.
Kolus, A. Smith, III. Zool. S. Africa-, Gray.
Cervicapra, sp., Sundevall.
Eleotragus, sp., Turner, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1848.
J3gocerus, sp., Harris, Wild Animals Africa ; Lesson.
(Egocerus, sp., et Neotragus, sp., Lesson, Nov. Tab. R. A. 178.

1. KOBUS ELLIPSIPRYMNUS. PnoTOMOK or WATER BUCK.

Brownish. Rump with a whitish elliptical ring near the base
of the tail. Horns converging at the tip.

Antilope ellipsiprymna, Ogilby, P. Z. S. 1833, 47 ; Harris, W.

Anim. Africa, t. 14.

Kolus ellipsiprymnos, A. Smith, Illust, Zool. S. A. t. 28, 29.
Kolus ellipsiprymnus, Gray, List Mam. B. M. 159.
Kobus ellipsiprymnus, Gray, Ann. <^ Mag. N. H. 1846, 232 ;

Knowsley Menag. 15; Proc. Zool. Soc. 1849, 130.
A. (Egocerus ellipsiprymnus, Lesson, Nov. Tab. R. A. 179.
Antilope Kemas?, H." Smith, Griffith A. K. iv. 1. 181. f. 6, horns.
Hob. South Africa.

Male. S. Africa. From the South African Museum.
Female. S. Africa. Presented by the Earl of Derby.

OSTEOLOGY.

Skull and horns. S. Africa. From Mr. Argent's Collection.
Horns. S. Africa. From Mr. Warwick's Collection.

The Water Buck lives in small herds on the banks of rivers,
and has not occurred south of 26. It is very timid, rushing into
and crossing rapid rivers when alarmed. The flesh is not esteemed
as food, having a rank, pungent smell, but the taste is less so.

2. KOBUS SING-SING. The SING-SING.

Rump without any pale ring. Reddish or yellowish grey

E2



100 MAMMALIA.

brown, rather greyer on the shoulders. Nose, lips, hinder parts



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