bros. & Spindler Barnhart.

Book of type specimens. Comprising a large variety of superior copper-mixed types, rules, borders, galleys, printing presses, electric-welded chases, paper and card cutters, wood goods, book binding machinery etc., together with valuable information to the craft. Specimen book no.9 online

. (page 18 of 71)
Online Librarybros. & Spindler BarnhartBook of type specimens. Comprising a large variety of superior copper-mixed types, rules, borders, galleys, printing presses, electric-welded chases, paper and card cutters, wood goods, book binding machinery etc., together with valuable information to the craft. Specimen book no.9 → online text (page 18 of 71)
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with the ink plate until after the press has made one entire revolution. It is thoroughly distributed, therefore, on
one vibrator and two table rollers before it reaches the plate, and better distributed when put on the plate than is
usual with many two-roller presses in common use when put on the form. In other words, it is well enough
manipulated before it reaches the plate to print an ordinary two-roller lob. This approaches very closely the
boasted method used on stop cylinders, where the ink was worked up and evenly distributed on the cylinder be-
fore it was put upon the ink table. Not only does it increase distribution, but it gives a better, more delicate and
more positive control than when the ink goes directly from fountain to plate. Table, or plate, rollers are in con-
tact with the ink plate during both its forward and backward movements, and this, too, is a great advantage over
those machines where they act upon the plate in one direction only. Compared with such a press the Optimus
has practically double distribution. T Excepting the pony sizes (Nos. 3 and 4) Optimus presses have the form
and table rollers interchangeable. This is an economy to the user, as a roller not quite good enough for the form
may go to the table, its usefulness extended. *F The patent eccentric roller bearings are an unequalled convenience.
By a single motion of the hand they admit of the rollers being thrown out of contact with form and vibrator when
it is desirable to run press to work up color, or for any other purpose. Just as simply are they brought into con-
tact and firmly locked in place. Adjustment for contact is independent of the eccentric throw out, and is not dis-
turbed by it. Both form and table rollers may be thrown out of action, or removed from press without affecting
the adjustment of their bearings. All the rollers of an Optimus fully clear the largest form that can be worked
conveniently upon the bed and cylinder. <F Roller capacity and distribution must be adapted to speed. Both are
ample. Always with a larger superficial area of roller surface than of form, speed and high-class product are both
assured. On all sizes larger than No, 6 the rollers are three and a half inches in diameter, a fact the good press-
man always appreciates.


One of the distinguishing features of the Optimus is its superb patented sheet delivery. Although others have
made attempts at imitation it remains absolutely unrivalled. No matter what the size of the sheet, whether it be
to the full capacity of the press or but an envelope, the delivery is always ready to receive it. It needs no adjust-
ment for either size, or anything between. Printed side up or down can be had within the time required for one
impression. Either way it is impossible for anything to come in contact with the printed surface, nor can the
sheet be marred or broken in the least. On much work freedom from offset is assured and slip-sheeting saved.
It is the only delivery fit for the most artistic work, and best for all. Tissue or French folio can be delivered at
the usual speed of the press, an impossibility on any other. Tissue is handled at 2000 per hour as a regular thing.
<f Each sheet printed on an Optimus press is exposed to the air through the space of three impressions. The
action of the delivery is like this: The first sheet printed passes from the cylinder to the rear of the delivery;
with the next movement it is carried to the front of delivery, and with the next the second sheet takes its place
at the rear. There are now two sheets on the delivery, one in front of the other. At the next movements the
front sheet is deposited upon the jogger board, the second moves to the front, the third comes on the rear. Three
impressions have been made, and we have one sheet exposed upon the board and two exposed upon the delivery,
all lying flat, printed side up, without contact one with the other. The next impression covers the one on the table,
which has been exposed through three impressions. After the third, every impression, of course, deposits upon the

6 Point Old Roman Bold
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board a sheet which has been and will be exposed as its predecessors. It falls naturally and
lightly by its own weight and is accurately jogged. Even when covered by succeeding sheet
it is done so delicately that a stratum of air remains for some time to still further the drying
process. If the paper be of fair size, a dozen sheets or more may hold air between them for a
long time. <ffln a moment's time the delivery carriage can be disconnected and moved for-
ward, telescoping upon itself, to give access to the form and rollers at the front of the cylinder.
Even in this position the press can be moved or run without disturbance or interference. The
delivery table is supplied with the best jogger in use; and when necessary on very fine work
we have a patented device for slip-sheeting that is labor saving and unknown on other machines.
Our new patented automatic tape tightener guards against shrink or stretch of tapes under atmos-
pheric changes, prevents breakage, and maintains an even tension at all times. An even greater
improvement are, our patented sheet delivery fingers. No matter how buckled or unevenly
bent the edge of a sheet may be they always prevent it from catching as it leaves the cylinder,
while they make easy the delivery of the very narrowest gripper hold possible to securely
take. Optimus presses are the only ones built without the old and noisy tumbler gripper
motion, and the only ones dispensing with the objectionable shoo flies. Our patented mechan-
ism operates quietly and registers perfectly. If the machine is started while grippers are
turned back no damage can result. Altogether the perfection of this delivery works a saving
of many dollars a year, not only by expediting work, but in the greatly lessened spoilage of
printed sheets. The out of date and detrimental fly forms no part of it.


Register is not entirely a matter of grippers, guides and tongues. It lies quite as intimately
in the driving motion; and other movements in the press may affect it seriously. Permanent
register can only be secured by building it into the press from the base up. The Optimus has
register built in; it is incorporated as a part of every movement. It is the only way to secure and
keep it. It is not patched on by some sort of a make-shift used to counteract structural faults,
and which at the best is unreliable. <f There has not been an Optimus out of register between
bed and cylinder in ten years, or since the adoption of our bed motion and the making of the
improvements the new motion necessitated. A pressman may have flattened a gripper, mis-
placed the cam, got the tongues out of line, or done some other thing to interfere with register
at the guides, all of which is easily corrected; but the assuring fact remains that the press
registers perfectly on the tympan all the time. No other press is so closely coupled with as
few parts between bed and cylinder. There is little opportunity for wear, and the consequent
lost motion due to it. Register is thus protected and guarded, and lasts with certainty. A
large number of Optimus presses are running exclusively on three and four-color process
work in many places devoted to work of this character, and have been for years. In fact the
first three-color work ever done on a two-revolution was done on an Optimus press, and then
was first demonstrated the usefulness of this style of machine for a purpose for which it
had been thought previously only stop-cylinder presses were adequate.


When we described the Optimus bed motion we gave the reason why speed was developed
in the highest degree in this press. The fastest press must always be the simplest, the one
oj[ fewest parts and least motions. It is just this that makes an Optimus superior in speed to
any other of like size. <fThc mere fact that a press can make impressions rapidly does not
constitute it a fast press. This is illustrated in the case of a printer who bought a certain
machine because of its alleged speed, and found after some months' use that he must run fine
work so slowly as to leave no profit; nor can he run cheap work fast and get good cheap work
because, while his press will make impressions with fair speed, it is equipped with a slow
distribution. To deserve the distinction of being fast a press must be speedy not only when
running but when standing still, and this last speed is as important as the other and pays as
large a profit. In giving to the Optimus the ability to furnish impressions at high speed we
have calculated every part and action to support it, and thus aim to make rapidity thoroughly
effective no matter what the character of the work. We have not made it fast in one thing
only, but fast in all, a well-balanced machine. It is the only way in which a truly fast press

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can be built It gives fine work at high speed, and cheap work that is good
work CJFThe high speed of the Optimus is based not only upon its superb
bed drive, but upon tremendous strength, great weight, and painstaking con-
struction. Its rigidity gives a fast make-ready. Its impression is so even
that on some forms little if any make-ready is required. On the finest cut
forms these qualities combine to reduce the time and labor usually consumed.
Every overlay counts for itself without disturbing the results from any other.
There is rapidity in washing up and the working up of color; in interchange-
ability of form and table rollers; in accessibility for oiling so that this is easily
done and not neglected; in absolute register; in certainty of perfect delivery
without loss of time in adjusting for different sizes of sheets; in a sheet delivery
whereon tissue or cardboard may be handled without bother at the usual
speed of the press; in ability to back up cylinder from feeder's platform; in
short, there is great handiness, which is but another name for speed. <|"We
make a guaranteed speed with every press. It is entirely within the safety
limit, and can be maintained day in and day out for years without detriment
beyond the natural wear. We are the only manufacturers who urge printers
to get the speed. It is there. It is not what a press can do but what it does
that counts in dollars and cents. And there is a speed away beyond the
guaranteed speed that can be had on occasion. Some users habitually drive
their Optimus presses beyond our mark We know of a No. 12, a very large size,
that has been running for five years at 1900 an hour when our guarantee is
1500. We know that on a good foundation that it will make 1800 easily.
Slow speed does not necessarily save the press. Some machines at slow
speed wear faster than others at a high speed. It is entirely a matter of
design and construction. <]FTo produce good work speedily is success. Time
is money in the pressroom. Money cannot be made on a slow press, no matter
how good the work, nor on a so-called fast press incapable of the best product.
Speed and quality must be combined. They are in the Optimus.

As previously stated the reverse of the bed is assisted by air springs.
These are the most efficient on any press, their superiority lying in the
Babcock over-balanced piston head, which is adjusted without wrench or other
tool; stays on the screw where left, and is always air-tight By a hand nut
in the center of the head all the wear is taken up. It always remains perfectly
round. The air valve acts automatically, and is free from any pipe connec-
tions. ^An effective back-up is furnished that is operated from the feeder's
platform. It also acts as a brake. Not all other machines are so equipped.
<ffTive times as many Optimus presses were sold at Baltimore after the great
fire as of its next highest competitor, and several times as many as all others
combined. The publishers of one of New York's great magazines compliment
us on the manner nine large Optimus presses have stood an extraordinary
test forced upon them by a rush of orders. "On a run of 150,000 impressions
on a cut form, 39x54 140 coated paper, we kept one of your presses running
night and day at a speed of fifteen hundred an hour, using one set of plates



for the entire run. The cut form of 39x54, 170 coated, is
run at the rate of fourteen hundred an hour, and the super
and machine finished forms on 39x54, 155 paper, at the rate
of fifteen hundred or sixteen hundred per hour, all with one
set of plates. We are told by some of our pressmen who have
not previously worked on the Babcock presses, that there is
less time lost, and less expense for repairs with the Babcock
Optimus than with any presses on which they have ever
worked. You may rest assured that the next time we are in
the market for another press, and we expect it will be soon,
our choice will be the Babcock". <!FThere are ten sizes of the
Optimus: Two of two-roller pony presses are made; one
three-roller for a 25x38 sheet and less, and seven sizes of
four-rollers each. To any of these direct belt connected elec-
tric motor is readily attached. The motor can be located on
the floor near the rear or front of the press, or placed inside
the frame at the rear entirely out of the way. In either case
press is arranged for motor drive before shipping. It is neces-
sary for us to know motor speed and the size of motor pulley.


For forms taking a 25x38 sheet and less, the No. 43
Optimus has never been approached in perfection of detail,
economy and efficiency. Its combination of advantages
furnishes a small press that absolutely stands alone in the
market, without a rival or a competitor. We know of no
work so exacting in any direction as to fully test its capabil-
ities, tfflt is not a pony press. While it possesses the high
speed, ease of running, perfect bed motion, superb sheet
delivery, compactness, accessibility and handiness of our
very popular pony Optimus, and is a little larger, the No. 43
unites with these the great strength, weight, interchange-
ability of form and table rollers, the patented inking arrange-
ment, perfect distribution, and all the other advantages of
our large sizes. <FThe success and superiority of the No. 43
were assured from the beginning. The first four were built
nearly five years ago. These were sold at once, and have
been in constant and highly satisfactory use since. From all
sections of the United States, from Canada and England, we
have received most flattering testimonials concerning it, and
covering widely varying conditions. <!FThree three-inch form
rollers cover the form entirely. These are driven by two

12 Point Old Roman Bold
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geared vibrators. Table rollers of same size are
also driven by two vibrators, and are interchange-
able with form rollers. The form rollers and their
vibrators have an inking surface of 44 1-4 inches
to cover a 23-inch form. If the form were a solid
surface, there is inking capacity sufficient to cover
it nearly twice. The rollers alone have a surface
of 28 1-4 inches, or 5 1-4 inches in excess of form.
^The ink is taken from the fountain to a vibrator,
and thence over the composition rollers to the ink
table, where it is further worked before going to
the form rollers. This is of special value on fine
illustrated work. The distribution of ink, and the
strength of the press, are ample for the heaviest
forms possible. It is impossible to overtax either.
Like all Optimus presses it will not gutter. ^The
three-roller arrangement gives us a press occupy-
ing less space than a four-roller taking the same
form, makes higher speed, requires less power,
stands lower, and is more easily and quickly
handled, while the new device furnishes as perfect
results as heretofore obtained with four. <ff There
are five tracks under bed, two of the usual roller
type, and three wheel tracks. The press runs
easily, almost noiselessly, at twenty-five hundred.


The Optimus Pony there are two of them
is a large Optimus condensed, and is made under
the same conditions to be as good as can be built.
In fact the demand has been so great for these
machines that we have been forced to set aside
one large factory especially for their construction,
with the advantages of securing from special men
and special tools the very best possible product.
They have the simple and speedy Optimus ball

U Point Old Roman Bold
set solid



and socket bed motion, the most perfect
in use; and all the other patented and
special features of Optimus machines.
The only notable difference is in han-
dling the ink. There are two three-inch
form rollers and plain table distribution,
with riders on the table rollers. The
form roller vibrator carries two com-
position rider rollers when necessary,
an advantageous arrangement which
places our pony distribution in a class
by itself. With these composition riders
the inking efficiency of a four-roller
press is approximated. This will be
appreciated in printing those forms
requiring extra inking capacity. Of
special value, too, are our new stripper
fingers, as they make easy the delivery
of sheets with the very narrowest grip-
per hold. CffFast, strong, almost noise-
less, accurate in register, and handy for
make-ready, the Optimus pony is the
money maker of a pressroom, and will
get out several times as much work as a
large jobber and do it better. It offers
economy in production, and this is as
necessary in printing as in any other
line of manufacture.

IS Point Old Roman Bold
set solid






HE Reliance is the best low-priced drum cylinder press obtainable. It has air springs,
tapeless delivery, steel tracks, cut gears, noiseless safety gripper motion, eccentric
bearings for throwing form rollers in or out of action, and a first-class fountain. The
bed has four bearings under impression. It is, in short, a high class drum cylinder
press for newspaper and job work where but one cylinder is required. It is made
either with rack and screw or table distribution, in one size only, six-column quarto.
<FIn the beginning, more than twenty years ago, we learned, as some had learned
before and others have learned since, that it is not possible to make a press of low
cost to the manufacturer a good press to the buyer. Our aim then was, as it now is, to build a good
press for as little money as possible. Our object led us easily to a good press at a high cost to us.
Nothing deterred, however, we proceeded to furnish a good press at a price that pays its manufact-
urers a profit much less than it should, and much less than any other press of its kind anywhere.
Had we not been building other printing machines the continuation of the manufacture of the Reliance
on its present plane of excellence would have been impossible at the price. No pretense, therefore, is
made to build it cheaply for the purpose of meeting the demands of a cheap trade. The people for
whom it is designed are those who can least afford a cheap press. The aim always has been to give its
users a press exactly suited to their needs; whose excellencies would enable them to do better work;
whose possession would add to the dignity and influence of the business; one that would give little or
no bother, and would be durable, without constant repairs. There are some that have been in use for
fifteen or sixteen years, the last few on daily editions, and they must be good machines yet; for we
notice that their owners are not seriously contemplating any changes. <f We found that a press for
the smaller offices should be as carefully designed and constructed as machines sold at a much higher
price; that while its range of work was more limited it yet must possess certain qualities common to
all, even the best. Impressional strength, register, distribution, speed, and correct proportion to in-
sure long wear, are as essential in the "country" press as in the most expensive machine favored by the
metropolitan printer; and these have been incorporated in the Reliance in a higher degree and in a better
way than in any other of its kind. It will print the paper and the jobs, and do both well; and at maximum
speed will operate easily and quietly. <FA number of customers are using Reliance presses that have
been in service for years to print their daily editions; and though we make a guaranteed speed of 1500
an hour, some are running it at speeds much higher. We have heard of a few who speed it on daily edi-
tions to 1800 or 1900, and in one instance it is turning out over 2000. <F We recommend the Reliance unre-
servedly for all work within its capabilities. Its users commend it highly. It is a good press at a low
price, and was never so good as now. The last one set up at this writing is the best ever built. <TThere
are some good low-priced folders that are readily attached to the Reliance, and when attached the equip-
ment is complete for newspaper work, and the investment will scarcely exceed one thousand dollars for
the two machines. f Here is a bit of evidence that shows good mechanical design and honest construc-
tion, at least. The Reliance referred to was bought second hand by the firm now using it, and has had
long use. Our claims that this press was "built on honor" and was good, are substantiated not by this
one case but by many. We know that it requires instances like this to best bring conviction, and they
are cited enthusiastically, yet not as often as they might be. The letter is dated Coshocton, Ohio, July 27.
1905: "Gentlemen: There is in the office of the Daily Age, Coshocton, Ohio, a Babcock Reliance that has
been in use several years, that is making a record hard to believe to be true; but it is, for I have witnessed
what I have to tell you. Their daily is a six-column quarto, and their circulation is from 2100 to 2900 daily
(every evening). You can readily see that it would keep this press humping at the guaranteed speed
of 1500 per hour to get their paper out in time with late news, but they do it with a speed as high as 2100
per hour. The press has stood this racket for a year. Yours truly, A. N. Starkes." <f The manufacturers
say that they have known for many years that the Reliance under proper conditions, with the right man,
would run 2000 to 2100 per hour, and do it nicely. They cite one in their home town that has been in use
for ten or twelve years, that is in excellent shape and never gives trouble, that seldom runs less than 1800,
and frequently a good deal over 2000. <FIn a letter dated February, 22, 1906, we find this; "We note you
do not care for the old Reliance, which the Globe Company is offering. They have sold this machine for
three hundred dollars. It is fourteen years old and has printed a daily paper, without cessation or inter-
mission, every business day all that time, getting out an edition of eighteen hundred. It has never broken
down and never has delayed them for a minute for repairs. The working speed, for several years past,
has been eighteen hundred an hour on the second side. They have bought a second hand Duplex to take
its place. It is still in real good working order, and apparently, would run another fourteen years."


About seven years ago we placed the remodeled Standard on the market as the highest type of the
drum cylinder ever built. We remade it in its most vital part by adapting the Optimus driving mech-
anism to the new purpose, securing great speed, accuracy of register, and ease and quietness in oper-
ation. We gave it increased strength, and made other improvements until we perfected a drum press
that for a lot of work is quite as good as a two-roller two-revolution at about half the price. With all
we preserved extreme simplicity. Minor improvements have been made since, and others will be

Online Librarybros. & Spindler BarnhartBook of type specimens. Comprising a large variety of superior copper-mixed types, rules, borders, galleys, printing presses, electric-welded chases, paper and card cutters, wood goods, book binding machinery etc., together with valuable information to the craft. Specimen book no.9 → online text (page 18 of 71)