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Yorkshire Puritanism and early nonconformity : illustrated by the lives of the ejected ministers, 1660 and 1662 online

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Yorkshire Puritanism



AND



Early Nonconformity.



Illustrated by the Lives of the Ejected Ministers,
1660 and 1662.



BY

THE LATE REV. BRYAN DALE, M.A.

(Some time Secretary of the Yorkshire Congregational Union).



EDITED BY T. G. CRIPPEN

(Secretary of the Congregational Historical Society).



Revs. J. Gregory, G. Hunsworth, M.A., and G. S. Smith, Bradford,
a




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LOAN STAQC






FOREWORD.



The late Rev. Bryan Dale, M.A., was, as is well-known,,
an accomplished and indefatigable student of the History
of Nonconformity and Independency. He grudged no
labour and research in collecting and amassing material
bearing on this study, exploring for this purpose the
archives of the British Museum, Lambeth Palace, the
Bodleian Library, Oxford, as well as other sources of
information.

The result is very partially embodied in the present
work on "Yorkshire Puritanism and Early Nonconform-
ity." This has been carefully compiled from Mr. Dale's
notes and ably edited by the Rev. T. G. Crippen,
Secretary of the Congregational Historical Society.

For the Nonconformist Churches of Yorkshire, and
especially for those of the Congregational Faith and
Order, this work should have a special interest and value.
It is a monument to the men who, in the heroic age of
Nonconformity, preferred to encounter homelessness,
privation and suffering rather than purchase peace at the
price of conscience, and buy off by unworthy compliance
the resentment and intolerance of the then rulers of
Church and State.

It was Mr. Dale's purpose to write a full and compre-
hensive history of Congregationalism in Yorkshire. This
was frustrated by growing physical incapacity. Had he
been as zealous in the disposing and presentation of his
material as he was in seeking and bringing it together,
this History — doubtless in less complete form — would
have been, long ere this, an accomplished fact.



324



FOREWORD.



As it is, Mr. Dale has left behind a vast store of
information which will require considerable sifting,
arranging and editing before it is in order for publication.

It is hoped, however, that instalments of the History
may be given to the public from time to time. The
reception accorded to the present venture will afford
some indication as to the favour which similar publica-
tions are likely to meet with at the hands of present day
Yorkshire Congregationalists. It will be a disappoint-
ment to us, as Mr. Dale's literary Executors, if its success
does not bear some corresponding relation to the labour
and skill which have been expended upon it.

For this expenditure, as for the whole-hearted way in
which the task has been undertaken and carried out, we
tender to the Rev. T. G. Crippen our sincere and
emphatic thanks.



James Gregory.
George Hunsworth.
George S. Smith.



Bradford,

December, 1909.



EDITOR'S PREFACE,



The History of Evangelical Nonconformity naturally
falls into two main divisions, that of " The Old Dissent,"
and that of the Churches which grew out of the Methodist
Revival. The former is, in fact, the history of Puritanism
in its later developments, after the great schism which
was consummated by the Act of Uniformity.

With but few exceptions the Presbyterian and Con-
gregational Churches of the seventeenth century owed
their origin to the labours of ministers who had been
ousted from their benefices, fellowships, &c, at the
Restoration, or were ejected two years later for lack of pre-
latic ordination, or for declining to affirm their " unfeigned
assent and consent to all and everything contained and
prescribed " in the Book of Common Prayer. The number
of these is roughly estimated at rather over than under
two thousand ; of whom 155 were ejected in Yorkshire,
and 64 others were variously connected with the county.

The first attempt to collect memorials of these Puritan
Confessors was made by Edmund Calamy, in an Appendix
to his " Abridgment of Baxter's History of His Life and
Times," of which a second edition appeared in 1713,
while the victims of reactionary intolerance were still
represented by several aged survivors. A " Continuation "
of this work was published in 1727.

I n *775 Samuel Palmer published a condensed edition
of Calamy's work, embodying the Continuation, in two
vols., under the title of" The Nonconformist's Memorial ";
and a greatly improved edition in three vols, appeared
in 1802. This still remains our most important treasury



EDITOR'S PREFACE.



of information about the ejected ministers, and is not
likely to be wholly superseded.

But the diligent research which has been pursued by
lovers of Puritan history, since the Bicentenary Com-
memoration in 1862, has brought to light vast stores of
material to which neither Calamy nor Palmer had access,
and the very existence of which was unknown to them.
The returns obtained by Archbishop Sheldon, now pre-
served among the Tenison MSS. at Lambeth Palace; the
documents relating to the Indulgence of 1672, now easily
accessible in the Public Record Office; numerous MSS.
in the British Museum, Williams's Library, and elsewhere ;
the Diaries and Correspondence of such men as Heywood,
Newcome, Thoresby, etc. ; innumerable Parish Registers,
Church Books, Wills, and Private Letters, as well as
many publications of acknowledged authority, make it
possible to present a far more complete account of the
" Fathers and Founders of Protestant Dissent " than has
hitherto been offered to the public. Amongst those who
have laboured to this end, none has been more patient
and assiduous than the late Rev. Bryan Dale.

Mr. Dale was a native of Cornwall, and in early life
was a lay preacher in the " Wesleyan Methodist Associa-
tion." Adopting the Congregational theory of Church
polity, he became a student in the Western College,
Plymouth, and graduated in the London University.
In 1854 ne entered on his first pastorate at Coggeshall,
Essex, the church founded by the great Puritan theologian,
Dr. John Owen. While there he made his mark, not
only by his pulpit ministrations and pastoral assiduity,
but by his researches into Congregational history — toward
which his bent may have been determined by his intimacy
with that ripe scholar and laborious investigator, Rev. T.
W. Davids, of Colchester. After nine years he removed
to Halifax, where for twenty-three years he exercised a
laborious and fruitful pastorate. Indeed, it is difficult to
understand how he found time and energy for his varied
activities, not only in the ministry, but in literature and
in connection with the public life of the town and its



EDITOR'S PREFACE.



educational institutions. Resigning his pastorate in 1886,
he devoted the best energies of his remaining years to
the Yorkshire Congregational Union, of which he was
chosen Secretary. " He had a rare combination of
qualities which marked him out pre-eminently for this
work — keen insight, a large grasp, and scrupulous
accuracy in details, as well as quick and ready sympathy
with ministers and churches." These qualities especially
fitted him for the successful pursuit of his favourite
recreation — Historical Research. Residing during his
later years in Bradford, he was an active member of the
Historical and Antiquarian Society of that city, for which
he wrote several valuable papers. He also contributed
papers of importance to the Transactions of the Con-
gregational Historical Society. His first book, published
in 1863, was "The Annals of Coggeshall"; his last,
published in 1906, was a " Life of the Good Lord
Wharton " — including an account of the origin, perversion,
and restoration of that nobleman's * Bible Charity,' to
the recovery of which Mr. Dale's own exertions has
largely contributed. Mr. Dale died at Bradford on 30th
July, 1907, in the seventy-fifth year of his age and the
fifty-third of his minstry.



T. G. C.



6 YORKSHIRE PURITANISM AND EARLY NONCONFORMITY.



MINISTERS EJECTED IN YORKSHIRE.



i.

2.
3-

4-
5-
6.

7-
8.

9-

10.
11.
12.

13-
14.

15.
16.

17.

18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
(?)•
23.
24.

25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
3i.
32.
33-
34-
35-
36.

37-
38.

39.
40.
41.

(?)•
42.

43-

44.

45-
46.

47-



Amgill, Christopher R., Treeton.

Arlush, Stephen, M.A V., Howden.

Armitage, Robert Ch., Holbeck.

Ashley, William (?) Rastrick.

Atkinson, — .. .. .. .. Leeds Grammar School.

Awkland, John . . Letwell.

Barnes, David R., Birkin-on-Aire.

Baycock, James (?) South Cave.

Bentley, Eli, M.A V., Halifax.

Benton, William EL, Thornscoe.

Birkbeck, Thomas R., Ackworth.

Bloom, Matthew C, Sheffield.

Blount, or Blunt, John, B.A R., Hollym.

Booker, or Bowker, James . . . . C, Sowerby.

Bovill, Francis . ^ Ch., Bramley.

Bovill, John or Jon. .. .. .. Monk Fryston.

Bowles, Edward, M.A. .. .. York Minster.

Boyard, or Byard R., Wheldrake.

Buckle, Buckley, or Bulkley .. .. P.C., Guiseley.

Burdsell, Thomas P.C., Selby.

Calvert, James, M.A V., Topcliff.

Calvert, Thomas, M.A York Minster.

Carmitchell, or Carmichael, John .. Ch., Thoresby.

Cart, J., or William .. .. .. R., Hansworth.

Charman, Stephen, M.A R., Hemsworth.

Clark, Peter, M.A R., Kirby Underdale.

Clayton, Luke V., Rotherham.

Colewhone, or Colquhoun, James .. V., Ganton.
Constantine, Henry, M.A R., Moor Monkton.

Coore, Richard Ch., Tong.

Cornwall, Ralph Skipsea.

Cranford, or Crawford .. .. V., Bugthorpe.

Crooke, John, M.A P.C., Denby.

Crossley, Jeremiah, M.A Ch., Bramhope.

Cudworth, Nicholas (?) C, Beeston.

Darwent, Isaac Ch., Stannington.

Dawson, Joseph Ch., Throxton.

Denton, John Oswaldkirk.

Denton, Nathan P.C., Bolton-on-Dearn.

Donkinson, John P.C., Sand Hutton.

Dury, David P.C., Honley.

Ell wood, Samuel V., Bishopthorpe.

Etherington Morley.

Evanke, George Great Ayton.

Everard, Hugh .. P.C., Hickleton.

Fairfax, Henry, M.A R., Bolton Percy.

Ferret, Joseph, or Joshua .. .. V., Pontefract.

Fido, Anthony V., Hemingborough.

Fisher, James V,, Sheffield.

(Flaxton, see Plaxton)



MINISTERS EJECTED IN YORKSHIRE.



Ministers Ejected in Yorkshire (continued).

48. Foresight, — (?) "East Hepsley."

49. Fox, Thomas (?) Easington.

50. Gargrave, Cotton V., Kippax.

51. Garnet, John, M.A. .. .. .. Leeds Grammar School.

52. Gunter, John, LL.B V., Bedale.

53. Haines, — P.C., Walton.

54. Hancock, Rowland .. .. .. V., Ecclesfield.

55. Hardcastle, Thomas, B.A. . , .. V., Bramham.

56. Hawden, William .. .. .. V,, Broadsworth.

57. Hawksworth, Thomas, M.A Ch., Hunslet.

58. Hepworth, John . . . . . . C., Let well.

59. Heywood, Oliver, B.A .. Ch., Coley.

60. Hibbert, Henry, D.D Hull (Trinity).

61. Hide, John C, Slaithwaite.

62. Hill, Edward R., Crofton.

63. Hill, Matthew P.C., Thirsk.

64. Hill, Nicholas .. V., Burstwick.

65. Hill, Stephen (?) Beverley.

66. Hobson, John, M.A R., Sandal Parva.

67. Holdsworth, Josiah, B.A P.C., Nether Poppleton.

68. Holdsworth, Josiah (2) .. .. P.C., Sutton.

69. Holmes, Barham, M.A. .. .. R., Armthorpe.

70. Hoole, John .. C, Bradfield.

71. Hulston, — (?) Edlington.

72. Ingham, — Uncertain : W.R.

73. Inman, — R., High Hoyland.

74. Issott, John P.C., Nun Monkton.

75. Jackson, Christopher (1) . . . . Uncertain.

76. Jackson, Nathaniel V., Barwick-in-Elmete.

77. Jennison, — . . . . . . . . (?) Osgodby.

78 . Johnson, Thomas . . . . . . V., Sherburn-in-Elmete.

79. Kaye, William V., Stokesley.

80. Kennion, Roger . . . . . . . . C, Ripponden.

81. Kirby, Joshua Lect., Wakefield.

82. Lambe, Nathaniel V., Alne.

83. Laughthorn, or Langthorne, Simeon P.C., Boynton.

84. Law, Thomas R., Sigglesthorne.

85. Lecke, Thomas P.C., Barlby.

86. Lee, Obadiah (?) Warmfield.

(?). Lister, — Giggles wick.

87. Lloyd, — Ch., Farnley.

88. Lucke, William P.C., Bridlington.

89. Marsden, Gamaliel Ch., Southowram.

90. Marsden, Jeremiah V., East Ardsley.

91. Marshall, Christopher V., Woodchurch.

92. Medcalf, Alexander . . . . . . V., Stillington.

93. Mekal, or Michel R., Setterington.

94. Micklethwafte, Thomas, M.A. . . R., Cherry Burton.

95. Milward, John R., Darfield.

96. Milner, Jeremiah, B.A V., Rothwell.

97. Moore, Edmund . . . . . . Ch., Baildon.

98. Moorhouse, Henry .. .. .. R., Castleford.

99. Nesbitt, Philip R., Kirklington.

100. Nesse, Christopher, M.A Lect., Leeds.

101. Noble, John, M.A R., Kirk Smeaton.

102. Ord, — R., Cowsby.

103. Packland, John Uncertain.

104. Pecket, Philip V., Lastingham.

105. Peebles, — Uncertain.



8 YORKSHIRE PURITANISM AND EARLY NONCONFORMITY.



Ministers Ejected in Yorkshire [continued).



106. Perrot, Richard, B.D York Minster.

107. Pickering, Robert, M.A. .. .. Ch., Barley.

108. Plaxton, or Plackstone, John .. R., Scrayingham.

109. Pomeroy, John P.C., Barmby-in-Marsh.

no. Prime, Edward C, Sheffield.

in. Procter, Anthony, M.A. .. .. V., Well.

112. Procter, Charles V., Whitkirk.

113. Rathband, Nathaniel R., Ripley.

114. Richardson, Christopher, M.A. .. R., Kirkheaton.

115. Richardson, Edward, D.D Ripon (Col. Ch.).

116. Robinson, John Ch., Rastrick.

117. Robinson, Joseph R., Cottingham.

118. Roote, Henry Ch., Sowerby.

119. Roote, Timothy Ch., Sowerby Bridge.

120. Ryther, John North Ferriby, S.

121. Sale, James, M.A Lect., St. John's, Leeds.

122. Sampson, — .. .. .. .. Ch., RawclifF.

123. Scargill, — Ch., Chapelthorpe.

124. Scurr, Leonard Beeston.

125. Sharp, Thomas R., Adel.

126. Shaw, John, M.A Hull (Trinity).

127. Shaw, Joseph Ch., Worsborough.

128. Shemhold, — V., Osmotherley.

129. Sherborne, Robert, M.A. .. .. V., Cawood.

130. Sincleare, Henoch R., Slingsby.

131. Smallwood, Thomas .. .. .. V., Batley.

132. Smith, Joshua .. .. .. .. V., Little Ouseburn.

133. Spofford, John V., Silkstone.

134. Stables, — Chapeltown.

135. Stevenson, Anthony .. .. .. R., Rous.

136. Swift, Henry V., Penistone.

137. Taylor, Richard.. Great Houghton.

138. Thomas, Gilbert V., Stillingfleet.

139. Thelwall, John R., Whiston.

140. Thorpe, Richard Hopton, S.

141. Todd, Cornelius, M.A V., Bilton.

142. Todd, Robert, M.A P.C., St. John's, Leeds.

143. Towne, Robert Ch., Haworth.

144. Waite, Thomas V., Wetwang.

145. Wales, Elkanah Ch., Pudsey.

146. Walton, — V., Kirkby Malzeard.

147. Warham, Richard Silenced in Yorkshire.

148. Waterhouse, Jonas, M.A C, Bradford.

149. Whitehurst, Richard V., Laughton.

150. Williams, Peter York Minster.

151. Wilson, George V., Easingwold.

152. Wilson, Joseph V., Beverley St. Mary.

153. Wilton, Joshua, M.A R., Thornhill.

154. Wood, Ralph Ch., Saddleworth.

155. Wood, Timothy V., Sandal Magna.

(R.:* Rectory; V.-Vicarage; Ch.=Chapelry; C.^Curate; P.C.=« Perpetual Curate;

S. = Silenced.)



MINISTERS EJECTED IN OTHER COUNTIES.



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12 YORKSHIRE PURITANISM AND EARLY NONCONFORMITY.



I.

MINISTERS EJECTED IN YORKSHIRE.

i. AMGILL, Christopher (died about 1662), ejected 1660
from the Rectory of Treeton, four miles from Rotherham.

He followed Sherland Adams, a sequestered royalist,
of whom an account is given in Hunter's Hallamshire.
It is stated in the Parliamentary Survey (1650) that " Mr.
Sherland Adams, the late parson, was cast out for
delinquency, and allowed £7 per annum. Mr. Amgill is
rector, an able, preaching minister." He signed the
Vindiciae Veritatis, or West Riding Ministers' Attestation
in favour of a Presbyterian organization of the National
Church, 1648 ; also a Memorial, objecting to the Engage-
ment, December 17th, 1649; and continued at Treeton until
the Restoration, when he gave place to the former rector.
He was a man of good abilities and likely to be very
useful, but died " beyond sea" soon after his ejection.

[A Chr. Amgill was at Cherry Burton in 1661 ; see

MlCKLETHWAITE.]

ANISBETT, Phillip (see Nesbitt).

2. ARLUSH, Stephen, M.A. (1623- 1682), ejected from the
Vicarage of Ho wden, in the East Riding.

He belonged to a family which had long dwelt in the
old Hall, still standing at the west end of the village of
Knedlington, near Howden, where he was born. He was
educated at Peter House, Cambridge, and married at
Holy Trinity Church, Hull ; the Register of which has
the following entry : " 1656, October 21. Steven Arlush,
minister of God's Word at Cawood, and Rebecca Taylor,
living with Mr. Robert Moore, merchant." It thus
appears that he was at one time at Cawood (before



MINISTERS EJECTED IN YORKSHIRE. 13

Robert Sherborne, who was ejected there). On the
death of John Thompson (approved by the Westminster
Assembly of Divines, May 6th, 1645, and buried at
Howden, April 5th, 1659) Arlush was presented by Richard
Cromwell, in the following form :

" RICHARD, Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England,
Scotland and Ireland and the dominions and territories thereunto
belonging, to the Commissioners authorised by the Ordinance for
the Approbation of Public Preachers or any five of them Greeting.
We present Mr. Stephen Arlush to the Vicarage of Howden in our
county of Yorke, void by the death of the last incumbent and to my
presentation belonging, to the end he may be approved by them,
and admitted thereunto, with all rights, members and appurtenances
whatsoever, according to the tenor of the aforesaid Ordinance.

" Given at Whitehall the 28th day of April in the year of our Lord
1659." (Lambeth MSS. Presentations.)

He was accordingly admitted May 6th, on the certificate
of Edward Bowles, of York, Elias Pawson, of Ryther, and
Gilbert Thomas, of Stillingfleet.

Unable to comply with the terms of the Act of
Uniformity he was ejected in 1662, and in the following
year Thomas Picard, curate, is mentioned in the Register
as " successor of S. A." Nathaniel Jackson, who had
formerly been rector of Stonegrave, and who died at York
in November, 1662, left to Stephen Arlush, of Knedling-
ton, clerk, Thomas Waite, of Wetwange, and John
Denton, of Oswaldkirk, £20 per annum for pious uses.
It is said that after his ejection he commenced preaching
privately in Howden. He spent the latter part of his
life in York, where he died in January, 1681-2, and was
buried at Howden. He was a man of singular abilities,
an excellent preacher, and of a very public spirit ; he had
a good estate and did good to many with it.

One of the same name, perhaps his nephew, was
lecturer at the Parish Church in 1670. There are two
slabs in the floor of the transept : one in memory of
Nicholas Arlush (April, 1673) legis procurator integerrimus
iusttis et aequi tenacissimus ; the other of Stephen Arlush
in hac ecclesia conscionator optimus. On visiting Howden
in 1691, Thoresby found " no inscriptions save two



14 YORKSHIRE PURITANISM AND EARLY NONCONFORMITY.

moderns, for Mr. Arlush and Mr. Roote." The last-
named was Timothy Roote (son of Henry Roote, of
Sowerby), who was ejected at Sowerby Bridge, and after
suffering much for his principles conformed and obtained
the living of Howden, where he died soon afterwards
(1687).

Under the Toleration Act a meeting-place was built in
the street leading to Booth Ferry ; but the records of the
Quarter Sessions for the East Riding at this period are
lost, so that it cannot be ascertained at what precise date
it was registered. John Gould officiated therein from
1700 to 1715, and was succeeded by James Mallinson,
whose congregation numbered 100 persons.

3. ARMITAGE, Robert (1611-1689), ejected from the
Chapelry of Holbeck, near Leeds.

He was appointed curate at this ancient chapel in
1637, and became chaplain in the Parliamentary army.
He was vicar of Rothwell in 1650 (where he is said by
Walker to have succeeded Mr. Key), "a preaching
minister and of good conversation " (Pari. Sur.) ; and
signed in 1658, as minister of Holbeck, a certificate to
Jeremiah Milner, on his presentation by Dame Mary
Armine, the patroness of Rothwell,*


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